The main principles of keeping wavy lines in an apartment
In the wild, budgies live in flocks. During the day they look for food and drink, and in the evening they go in search of a suitable place to sleep. In nature, these birds usually nest in tree hollows, as well as in rock crevices. They prefer subtropics. warm and humid climate.
Therefore, correct budgies include:
Correctly selected light mode. Birds are quite sensitive to this factor, and harsh, improper light can disrupt their physical and mental health.
In summer, it is useful for a parrot to sunbathe, and in winter it is advisable to select suitable artificial lighting close to the solar spectrum. The period of darkness is also important for healthy sleep, maintaining immunity and preventing stress. The duration of daylight hours for a parrot is up to 12 hours in winter and up to 14 hours in summer. It is better not to disturb the bird during sleep.
Helpful Hint: Try covering the cage with a light cloth at night to help develop the habit of falling asleep as soon as dark.
- Humidity. The natural habitats of these birds are characterized by high humidity, therefore, the air humidity for keeping the budgerigar at home should be from 55 to 70%.
Dry air can negatively affect the condition of your pet’s feathers, skin, respiratory system and mucous membranes. It is worth trying to teach the chick to swim, many parrots like it. During the heating season, it is advisable to use a humidifier. this is useful not only for birds, but also for their owners.
- Temperature. Budgerigars need careful care, and the correct temperature regime is of great importance here: like people, they can catch colds from low temperatures or overheat from high temperatures.
The optimum temperature for their maintenance is from 22 to 25 degrees. In hot weather, to prevent overheating, it is necessary to ensure the constant availability of available water. A special heating lamp is best suited for warming the parrot. Ordinary heaters can be used, but they make the air drier, so additional humidification will be required.
The correct conditions for keeping budgerigars are extremely important. A careful approach to the arrangement and location of the cage will help the parrot get closer to its natural habitat and ensure the stable functioning of vital organs.
Budgerigars: and home care
The purpose of this article is to tell you about budgerigars at home, to help avoid mistakes and make your pet’s life as long and comfortable as possible.
Features of budgerigars
The budgerigar is a widespread poultry species. These parrots are often found as pets due to their cheerful disposition and bright colors. Children especially like these birds, so they will be an excellent gift for them and will help teach caring for others.
Budgerigars originally appeared in Australia, where they are still widespread. Gradually, they began to breed in other countries, including Russia. They quickly became popular among breeders because of their beauty and unpretentiousness, as well as the ability to imitate human speech. “talk”.
Budgerigar is a small bird, the length of which is usually 17. 20 cm, and the mass is from 40 to 45 g. It can be of various colors (most often. green, a little less often. blue, yellow or white) with a wavy pattern on the head, back and wings. With proper care, an apartment can live up to 15 years.
Budget parrot care
The budding budgerigar breeder is interested in the rules for the care and maintenance of pets. Before settling the selected chick in the apartment, you should pre-select the cage and its location, purchase everything you need for the budgerigar. In addition, it is necessary to immediately equip the cage with a drinker, a feeder, a bath, and perches. It is not recommended to move the cage to a new location when the bird is living in it: this can cause anxiety and stress.
At first, you cannot frighten the chick with loud sounds; Provide a calm environment for the budgerigar, speak in a gentle and calm tone so that he gets used to new people. Monitor your health carefully: at first, the parrot may refuse to eat and drink due to stress, but if it is lethargic, sleepy for a long time, this may be a sign of a disease.
Do not forget to put food on time, change the drinker and clean the cage. Train your hands gradually so as not to scare the parrot. After he gets used to the new environment, you can let him fly a little. Provide the necessary safety, especially if there are other animals in the house. Proper care of budgerigars at home will provide them with a long and happy life to the delight of the owners.
How to choose a pet
When choosing, you should carefully examine the selected chick. He should look healthy: with clean, even and smooth plumage, with clear eyes without suspicious discharge, legs should be intact and with straight claws. You can take the chick from experienced breeders: they can tell you exactly what kind of care a budgerigar needs at home.
A healthy budgerigar is cheerful and playful, he constantly chirps and jumps around the cage. If the chick is motionless, looks dreary, its plumage is disheveled, its eyes are clouded, and it hides its beak in feathers, then, most likely, it is unwell.
To find out the sex of a parrot, you should look at its wax, that is, the area above the beak. In males, it is usually blue, and in females, it is brown or light gray. The younger the parrot, the paler the wax. In addition, in young chicks, the plumage is also paler than in adults, and the tail is shorter in comparison with the body: by about 5 months, the parrot will “bloom”, and its proportions will become more correct.
When purchasing a budgerigar, you need to understand that each bird, like each person, has its own character traits, preferences and habits. Each budgerigar may need special care. Some love communication and attention, others prefer solitude; some coexist well with other pets, while others feel discomfort. But in most cases, indoor budgerigars are friendly, appreciate care and attach to their owner for a long time. Therefore, before buying a pet, you need to seriously think it over.
If the owners spend a lot of time outside the house, it will be advisable to take two parrots of different sexes at once. Together, they will not have to be bored, and in the future they will even be able to give birth to offspring. But it is worth noting that parrots living without their relatives become more tame and become more attached to the owner. In general, the main thing is that the parrot is liked by its owner, because he will accompany him for many years.
For a budgerigar, care and feeding are of high quality, and the menu. complete and varied. In nature, they usually feed on grains, fruits and seeds of various plants and fruits, leaves, peck young branches of deciduous trees. Budgerigars at home are unpretentious and easily get used to any food, but the main component of the diet should be plant food.
Other types of feed. You can give the stems and leaves of green plants: lettuce, spinach, plantain, dandelion, nettle and others. Fruits and vegetables work well. for example, many budgies like carrots. Leaves, fruits and vegetables can be either fresh or dried. In addition, eggs and cottage cheese are good for budgies as they contain calcium. In no case should you feed the birds salty food. this is quite dangerous for them and can cause poisoning.
Drinking water must be clean, fresh, at room temperature. Do not pour tap water. it contains harmful chlorine. It is useful to add special vitamin drops to the drinker: VitaSol, Gamavit, Radostin and others.
It is not recommended to overfeed your pet: care and budgies should be moderate. Those. feed should be given twice a day. The daily feed requirement differs for different individuals: from 20 grams for small birds and up to 50 grams for large birds.
Following these rules, you can provide your pet with a happy life, and in return you will get a wonderful, funny and funny friend.
Budgerigar. my story, tips and tricks
I want to tell you about my budgie. Her name was Kesha, she lived with me for more than 10 years. from July 1989 to October 1999, which is quite a lot, especially considering that we bought her for almost a year old. I was 10 years old then. She was the usual coloring for such parrots, traditional. with a green belly, brown wings, a blue tail and a yellow head with bright blue cheeks (as in the photo above). This was a female, whom we mistakenly bought as a male, and then did not give her another name. so we began to say “my Kesha”.
Taking care of budgerigars is not difficult, but there are several subtleties and features that must be taken into account. A lot has already been written on how to care for wavy, so I will not dwell on the well-known rules, but I will tell you about several features from my personal experience that my bird brought me and which for some reason are hardly mentioned anywhere.
Most often, parrots are given for children, believing that they are less hassle with them than with a cat or dog. This is partly true, but you need to explain to the child that a parrot is a bird, and birds cannot be hugged, squeezed, taken in hand. In general, playing with them as with kittens and puppies will not work. I would advise not to buy a parrot for a child under ten years old. nothing good will come of this, the child will be disappointed, and the parrot will not live long.
I know several stories where children, not realizing that this bird is fragile and not intended for ordinary children’s games, simply strangled the birds by accident, squeezing them in their hand. Also, do not buy a parrot, if your child is too active and restless, he will not be interested. It is better to take the bird to more or less calm children, inclined to leisurely contemplation, contemplation, perseverance.
If you or someone in your family has asthma or allergies, the parrot is not for you. It has a lot of feathers, droppings, a slight, but specific smell. And there is just a lot of garbage. a parrot can scatter husks from grains, gnaw wallpaper and plaster, I know a family where the parrot made quite significant design changes even in interior doors.
Often people put a parrot cage in the kitchen. In my opinion, this is a very unfortunate decision. Kitchen smells, smoke, fumes, heat from the stove will not like and will not be useful to the bird. Feathers, droppings and husks from food in your dishes will not cheer you up.
Prepare to be patient, because the bird needs to be released from the cage for at least a few hours a day. The result will be gnawed wallpaper and houseplants. Parrots especially like the usual green tradescantia. It is even recommended to give it specially, it contains a lot of vitamins. If you have an aquarium, cover it with glass to prevent the curious bird from falling into it and drowning. Consider bird droppings in the most unexpected places. Therefore, where the bird sits most often, it is better to lay a newspaper.
My Kesha loved to sit on the mirror in the hallway, she could spend whole days there, so the bedside table was constantly covered with newspaper. In general, parrots are very fond of mirrors. Be sure to hang a small mirror in the bird’s cage.
It is better to buy a cage made of wood with wooden sticks. I can’t say anything about the swing in the cage, my Kesha was afraid of it. But my friends have a parrot with pleasure swinging on it all day. It is better to lay a newspaper at the bottom of the cage. Every day, the cage must be cleaned, the old newspaper removed, and the debris shaken out. Once a month, the cage must be washed with baking soda and doused with boiling water to kill all possible feather parasites.
I fed everyone a little. I bought oats, millet, millet at the market. In the summer, she tore up the grass in the country. From domestic plants, as I said, Tradescantia went very well. However, you do not need to get too carried away with herbs and feed them only. If the bird has green liquid droppings, this means that an upset stomach has begun, and the grass must be removed from the diet for a while. Parrots are very fond of hard-boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, fresh apples, pears, carrots, tomatoes, parsley. The fruit can be grated on a fine grater, or you can just stick a piece between the rods. The parrot will chew with pleasure.
My Kesha ate parsley and dill both fresh (in summer) and dried (in winter). The biggest delicacy for her was wild millet, which I accidentally discovered in our country house. For his sake, she was even ready to stay in the cage and not fly around the room. I used it to lure her into a cage when she stubbornly did not want to return to her house in the evening.
You can also give some white loaf and rolls, but do not get carried away. An excess of flour is not useful for birds in the same way as for people. The birds are very good at gnawing white loaf bread and sweet rolls. The basic rule that must be remembered. in no case is anything salty, spicy and greasy, this is poison for the bird! Water should be given only settled so that chlorine disappears from it. Water should be at room temperature.
Parrots are very funny and sociable birds. Characters, like people, are different for everyone. Some bird loves all family members, some. becomes attached to someone alone. My Kesha communicated only with me, she did not notice her parents at all. Since she constantly flew around the rooms, she did her homework with me, climbing onto my hand and trying to nibble the tip of the fountain pen that I was writing with, ate with me at the table.
Next to my plate, I crumbled a little loaf for her and put pieces of vegetables, fruits, herbs. She always flew into the kitchen during our family dinner and ate with pleasure on the table next to my plate. A special pleasure was to parade all over the table to a loaf of loaf, which is twenty times larger than it, to rest on it with a paw, bite off the loaf with frenzy and, shaking his head, throw the bitten piece in an arbitrary direction.
It is recommended to bring dried tree branches to the parrots so that the bird can sharpen both its beak and claws. Claws, by the way, need to be trimmed as they grow. It is better to do this together. One person carefully takes the bird in his hands, lowering its paws between the fingers, and the second looks at the claw at the light. this is how you can see the keratinized part of the claw, which can be cut off, and a blood vessel that cannot be touched. It is best to trim the nails with sharp nail scissors.
As for communication with other pets, I can only say about the dog. My dog (a mongrel of small size, slightly larger than a lapdog) treated the parrot quite calmly. A couple of times Kesha flew to the floor and poked around in the dog’s bowl, and the dog sat quietly a couple of steps and patiently waited for it to fly away. When Kesha died of old age, the dog approached the table for several days and looked for a long time at the place where her cage once stood.
In hot weather, my bird loved to swim. She began to ruffle feathers, shake herself, these movements resemble those of how sparrows bathe in dust. This served as a sign that she was hot, and she would not mind taking a dip. Then I took a small plastic soap dish a centimeter and a half or two deep (naturally clean, without traces of soap), poured into it a centimeter of warm water and put it on the bedside table. Kesha climbed into this bath and lay down with her belly in the water, holding one paw to the side, and began to beat her wings, trying to dip them into the water.
In general, both the bedside table and the entire space a meter away from it were splashed with water. But the bird was delighted! Wet wings prevented her from flying, so she sat by the mirror and dried, spreading a strong smell of wet feathers throughout the room. I sat her on my finger and breathed on my wet stomach, warming him, and she screwed up her eyes with pleasure.
In general, you always need to remember about the temperature regime. a parrot can only be kept in a room where it is at least 25 degrees Celsius, these are heat-loving birds, because their homeland is hot Australia.
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Another feature is that parrots cannot see at all in the dark. Therefore, if it’s already evening, it’s time to sleep, and your parrot doesn’t want to return to the cage, put out the light in the room, carefully take the bird in your hands, it won’t be able to fly away, and put it in the cage. In general, try to pick up the bird as little as possible. I repeat once again, a parrot is not a puppy or a kitten, being in the hands is stress for him. It is better if he will sit on your finger or on your shoulder. My friends’ parrot liked to sit on the head of the hostess, fortunately, she had a short haircut. My Kesha never sat either on her head or on her shoulder, although I taught her to sit on her shoulder.
It is very important to make sure that the vents in the rooms are closed, if you do not want to permanently lose your pet, flying out the window. In addition, parrots are afraid of drafts; it is undesirable to put the cage in a draft. In the spring, when we were just starting to open the vents after winter, and there were no nets on them yet, I hung a piece of paper on the cage door with the inscription “Close the window!” So as not to accidentally let out the bird when the vents were open.
Now about what interests many who bought a parrot. how to teach him to speak. There are many recommendations, but they all boil down to one thing. talk more with the bird, repeat the same words with the same intonation. It is believed that males are better at learning “speaking”. My opinion. parrots are the same as any other animals. it all depends on the individual. A dog can learn a command in one day, but a month of training will not help.
I didn’t study with Kesha on purpose, I just talked a lot with her. As a result, she learned to mutter something like “Keshechka-Keshul”, sitting near the mirror and talking to herself. She spoke very indistinctly, it was necessary to listen.
But his cousin, too, Kesha, only a male, chatted remarkably. For example, he met all the guests on the dressing mirror in the hallway, immediately flew onto the guest’s shoulder, crawled up to his ear and confidently offered: “Let’s go have a drink!”, As his sister’s father taught him as a joke. And, interestingly, the sister claimed that the parrot loves it very much when guests come and gladly meets them in the hallway. But he disliked one neighbor and never flew out to meet if she knocked and rang at the door. How he guessed who was behind the door is unknown, but he was never mistaken.
Well, in conclusion, I want to tell one story, how many now love all mysticism.
My Kesha died on October 10, 1999. I was very worried then and diligently hid it, since then I lived with my parents, and it was not customary for them to openly express their emotions. Somewhere on the third or fourth day after the death of Kesha (more precisely, the night) I was asleep, and suddenly a familiar chirp was heard and from somewhere above my bed fell my Kesha!
My reflex, which had been worked out over the years, immediately worked for me. the bird cannot sit on the fabric, it can catch on with its claws, then it will hurt to detach its legs from the thick blanket. I sat up abruptly in bed, offered Kesha a finger, as always, she climbed on top of him, slyly, as usual, looked at me, and then it dawned on me. I shouted: “Kesha!” and woke up. I was lying on the bed, in the room, of course, there was no one.
This was not the case again. I do not believe in mysticism at all, I am a very practical and down-to-earth person, but I still believe that she saw my experiences and flew in to visit me. Since then, if I see her in a dream, then the next day something good always happens.
This is, perhaps, all that I wanted to say about my experience of communicating with budgerigars.
I will say again that it is not difficult to take care of them, and with good care, a cheerful, ringing bird can become your loyal and disinterested friend for a long time.
Moving to a new location is a big challenge for the budgerigar. Even the most cheerful and active bird at first in a new place will experience tremendous stress. In this regard, within two weeks after purchase, the most comfortable and calm conditions should be provided.
The parrot should have an equipped cage by the time it arrives at its new home. So that he gets used to it faster, do not disturb the pet inside it, if possible, open it only to change water and food, as well as to clean it from food debris, feathers and droppings.
If other birds are already kept in the apartment or house, then the newly arrived pet must withstand a certain quarantine. This is important because, despite the availability of veterinary certificates, there is a possibility that only an acquired parrot can be sick with any infectious or parasitic disease. In addition, the stress experienced by the pet can be exacerbated by contact with other birds.
In general, the period of adaptation to a new home in different birds may have different periods. On average, it is two weeks. At the same time, it is possible to determine the fact that the parrot has completely mastered the new dwelling based on the state of the feathered one. If the bird is active, reproduces a large number of sounds and does not refuse food, then we can say that the adaptation period has passed.
Everything you need to know about caring for budgerigars at home
Budgerigars are popular pets. This is due to the good tameness of these birds, which are very social by nature.
However, like any pet, a parrot needs care from its owner. Feathered are not as demanding as cats or dogs, and even more so exotic animals that have become popular recently, but caring for them also requires constant attention from the owner. The features of keeping budgerigars at home will be discussed later in the article.
Many owners choose their own diet for their pets. So, food for parrots is mainly grain. This could be:
In addition, parrots require fresh vegetables and fruits. Among them should be highlighted:
In addition, greens can also be added to the bird’s diet. First of all, we are talking about lettuce leaves.
It will not be superfluous to purchase a mineral stone or chalk. Gnawing it, the bird receives the nutrients it needs, and also grinds its beak, which it needs in a home environment.
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The correct choice of cage and its arrangement
For the normal maintenance of a feathered pet, a special cage is needed. The parrot will be in it most of the time.
The cage must be made of quality materials. The rods should not have jags, distortions or other defects. It is desirable that they be metallic. Plastic rods in cheap cages break down rather quickly, and there is a risk that the parrot could get hurt by them. The cell frame itself can be either wooden or plastic.
The cage must contain:
In addition, if the parrot likes to swim, then you can purchase a special bathing suit, which is attached to the bars of the cage.
It is better if the bath is closed, because in the process of bathing the parrot can strongly spray water around them.
Learning and communication
Budgerigars have remarkable cognitive abilities. In addition, they need to communicate with the owners and quickly become tame. However, bird owners often complain that their pets are inactive and do not go into their hands at all.
There are many reasons for this behavior. The most common among them is that adult birds are acquired, the character and habits of which have already been formed. That is why experts recommend buying young parrots no older than six months.
How to care for birds at home
Questions related to caring for budgerigars at home are of concern, first of all, to novice owners of these birds.
However, some subtleties may be of interest to experienced owners who have kept birds for a long time.
If you only plan to buy a parrot, then the future owner will need to decide on the place where the pet will be most of the time.
Naturally, the parrot is kept in a cage, the features of the choice of which will be discussed later. However, in this case we are talking about the room where it will be located.
First, it should be remembered that parrots are social birds, which means that constant communication is necessary for them.
It is good if the pets are purchased by a couple, but if the parrot lives alone, then its cage should be in the room where the owner himself spends most of the time. At the same time, it is important to ensure that there are no drafts in the room, and that it is also warm enough and not very dry.
At the same time, it is necessary to independently examine the parrot, especially paying attention to its plumage. It should be bright and neat. The bird’s eyes are bright, lively. The behavior of the bird also matters. The parrot should be active, and lethargy may indicate his ill health.
Caring for budgies also means regular feeding.
Oats and other ingredients, useful from the manufacturer’s point of view, remain at the bottom of the trough. Where to go for clean millet? It is sold by parrot sellers. But it is better to buy food from a trusted person. Since unscrupulous distributors do not follow the rules for storing feed, which is the reason for poisoning parrots.
It still does not hurt to add a mineral supplement to the diet once a week. To make the budgerigar get a dose of nutrients, mix the feeding with millet. There are also a variety of “spikelets”, which include a variety of seeds soaked in egg yolk. As practice shows, birds do not eat a “spikelet”, but simply nibble. As a result, all the usefulness and goodies lie at the bottom of the cage, and the budgerigar frolics with the piece of wood on which it was all attached.
Proper care of a budgerigar requires multiple feeders. One is for dry food and mineral dressings. And in the second they put juicy food: vegetables and fruits according to the season. You can also purchase several holders for seasonal gifts of nature, because the budgerigar can throw everything from the feeders to the bottom of the cage.
Caring for your parrot is also about feeding it seasonal fresh fruits and vegetables.
By the way, in caring for a budgerigar at home in the summer. this is regular cleaning of the cage. Indeed, in the hot season, the decay processes of the same fruits that you give to the bird are accelerated. Do not be lazy once again to clean the bottom of the bird house from debris.
How to properly care for a budgerigar
Many people decide to have a parrot, naively believing that these are the most problem-free pets. Like, caring for a parrot is simple. In reality, little birdies need more care and attention than we used to think. How to care for wavy parrots and what should not be done in any case, we will tell you further.
It’s important for parrots to be active. They need not only to jump around the cage, but also to stretch their wings.
Place for the cage
To prevent the bird’s nervous system from suffering, budgies should live in a quiet room, preferably a remote one. Ideally, there should not be any equipment such as speakers or TV. Because wavy people do not like harsh and loud sounds. And also because the wonders of modern technology interfere with the observance of the bird’s regimen of activity and rest.
If there are no options, carefully monitor the behavior of the birds. And when budgerigars begin to nibble, hide it in their feathers, cover the cage with a thick blanket that does not allow light to pass through. Just leave one side of the cage open so that air can pass through and the parrot is not lost in space.
Caring for a budgerigar in the early days is to provide him with maximum rest. Let your pet get comfortable in the new home, look around. All this time, the cell should be located at the level of human growth. So the wavy parrot gets used to the face of its owner, his voice. Later, the cage can be rearranged a little lower. On a sideboard or coffee table, for example.
And budgerigars will not be able to navigate in time: biological processes in their bodies are subject to daylight hours. In conditions of constant darkness, they even stop eating.
Caring for budgies at home is a tricky thing.
Take the lighting for these birds. In the absence of daylight, so that miniature organisms do not know malfunctions, you need to take care of its additional sources. And regular bulbs won’t work. In its light, everything will be seen as birds in black and white.
They can and should be included during the breeding season of birds. And also for young individuals, whose body is just beginning to form.
High-quality UV lamps are equipped with a timer that regulates the switching on and off of the lighting. The service life is no more than a year. Since the phosphorus in the lamp tends to decay. And the lamp is no longer effective. Thus, caring for a wavy parrot is impossible without organizing proper lighting in the cage.
Let us remind you once again that parrots are fragile and defenseless creatures. Therefore, take their upbringing very seriously. After all, we are responsible for those we have tamed.
How to care for a budgerigar during hot weather?
Provide him with access to life-saving moisture! True, not all parrots tend to plunge into specially equipped bathing suits. Some “conservatives” prefer saucers of water. Or green leaves dipped in water at room temperature. It can be cabbage, lard, parsley. whatever. Even tree leaves will do.
How to care for budgies: expert advice
Budgerigar is one of the most popular pets.
There are more birds in captivity than they live in their homeland. in Australia.
This cute cute parrot is easy to learn to imitate human speech and other sounds, it is unpretentious when kept at home.
Anastasia Kalinina, an expert of the BelNovosti online publication, will tell you how to properly care for a bird.
Wild budgerigars live in large flocks, feed on plant seeds and are excellent flyers. In nature, budgerigars are colored green. The forehead, crown and throat are yellow, on the back of the neck and shoulders there is a distinct wavy pattern, the wings and tail are elongated.
The body size is the same as that of a common sparrow. The flight is fast and maneuverable, in addition, wavy parrots climb remarkably with the help of a hooked beak and tenacious legs.
The first budgerigars were introduced to Europe by the English explorer John Gould in 1840. In 1880, they began to be bred in captivity, and to date, a huge number of colored forms of coloring wavy parrots have been bred: white, yellow, blue, turquoise, purple, harlequins and many other varieties.
A rectangular cage with a high plastic tray and a retractable bottom is best suited for keeping. Cage rods are preferably stainless steel.
Its main component is millet (preferably yellow) and oats. Sunflower seeds, hemp seeds, canary seeds and nuts in small quantities. When choosing a grain mixture for your pet, keep in mind that it must contain iodine. Otherwise, the pet may die.
Birds can be treated with fresh or dried apples, carrots, cucumber in small quantities. Sometimes you can treat birds with cottage cheese and boiled eggs. You can not give avocados, citrus fruits, products from your table.
Budgerigars are easy to tame, can fly freely around the room, learn simple tricks.
A young male with a purple-pink wax (skin around the nostrils) under the age of 6 months is suitable for learning to speak. It is better to keep it alone; when kept in pairs, birds learn to talk very rarely. Most talented for teaching conversation to birds of green or blue.
Budgerigars tend to mimic high-pitched female or childish voices. It is better to repeat the same word or phrase before and during feeding. Sometimes it is advised to cover the bird’s cage with a light cloth so that it is not distracted.
For breeding, a hinged wooden house of the birdhouse type is needed (it is hung on an additional door of the draw-out cage). In the adult male the wax is blue, and in the female it is brown. After mating, the female lays 6-8 white testicles. Incubation period about 20 days.
Chicks hatch blind and naked. Both parents feed them. By the end of the first month of life, the babies fledge and leave the nest after another two weeks.
Parrots-cockatiels or nymphs, zebra and Japanese finches easily get along with budgies.
Of course, a large company needs an indoor aviary. Calm dogs and even some phlegmatic cats are often friends with wavy cats.
Their life expectancy with good care is up to 18-20 years.
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It is believed that lonely parrots live at home less than couples: a caring owner can become a bird’s best friend, but cannot replace a relative.
Budgerigars are social birds and their communication plays an important role in prolonging the years.
It is, of course, easier to keep one bird: a more compact cage, more economical feed consumption, less noise and debris. But if the owner is absent from work for almost the entire daylight hours, then the loneliness of the bird can cause illness.
The lifespan of a bird in a cage without a partner directly depends on the owner’s involvement in the process of existence. A lonely bird can experience constant stress. this is expressed in alertness, aggressive behavior, or, conversely, in apathy.
If all the care of the owner is reduced only to caring for the hygiene of the cage and feeding, then the parrot will not be able to fully exist.
It is necessary to show maximum patience and devote time and attention to the pet: talk with him for a long time, play, stroke, teach him to hand.
And how much mutual pleasure learning to imitate speech will bring! But the likelihood of learning to speak is higher in parrots without a pair.
How long do budgerigars live?
Perhaps one of the most common pets are budgerigars. a puppy or kitten is frightened by difficult care, difficult hygiene training, and buying a small bird does not seem such a burdensome step. But even these unpretentious birds require attention and care, thanks to which their life in captivity will be long enough.
Life expectancy at home
Budgerigars were introduced to Europe in 1840. They quickly invaded the zoos and homes of the wealthy nobility. Their popularity grew, and soon almost anyone could afford to have a bright exotic toy.
Today it is the most widespread house bird. And the work of breeders made it possible to breed many colors: about 200 colors and their combinations.
The absence of predators, difficult climatic conditions and affordable food allow pets to live longer.
Small parrots and in captivity live less than the record cockatoo, but good care will provide, on average, about 10 years of communication with this beautiful bird. Professional breeders and under favorable conditions of keeping poultry easily reach the 15-year milestone, there are cases when they live up to 20-22 years.
In nature, you cannot find a single budgerigar, but for an apartment you can choose one male or a female, or have a couple of birds. Two parrots in the house is the best option that improves their quality of life.
In a heterosexual pair, it is preferable if the male is 2-3 years older than the female. An older female may begin to dominate and offend a younger mate.
It is very important to take into account the coincidence of temperaments.
At the poultry market or in the breeder’s aviary, pay attention to the behavior of the birds: you should not combine an overly playful bird with a quiet and sedentary.
If you do not acquire a pair together, but add a new partner to your pet, then you need to carefully consider the adaptation process: first, you can put the newcomer in a separate cage and put it next to it, carefully observing how the birds behave. If they have a mutual interest without aggression, then the couple can be united.
Each bird should be given equal attention, duplicate toys, make sure that the birds do not quarrel at the feeder and drinker.
What affects the lifetime
As in nature, at home the parrot first of all needs food and water. Therefore, if the owner is forced to leave, it is necessary that someone can look after the pet. The bird can live without food for 3-4 days, and if it survives, the nutritional failure will affect health.
Forced thirst is much worse: the parrot has a high body temperature, a fast metabolism, so dehydration will inevitably lead to death. Even for 1 day, the bird should not be left without access to clean water.
The number of years given to a pet when kept in a cage is influenced by such factors.
How many years has been living in nature
Vibrant, rowdy flocks of budgerigars are a common sight in Australia’s forests. They lead a nomadic lifestyle, migrating throughout the continent. Their diet: grass seeds, small nuts and fruits.
During the dry season, hundreds of parrots can “raid” agricultural crops and fly into cities.
In the wild, the natural color of the species is green-yellow plumage, which allows it to hide from enemies in lush grass and leaves. After all, the common name of Australia is the “green continent”.
Large lizards, snakes, predatory animals and birds are dangerous for parrots. Drought causes major damage when birds have no access to water and have nothing to feed on. Dirty reservoirs with infections also lead to massive deaths of birds.
Fortunately, good adaptability, fertility and the fact that the nesting period does not have a clear timetable, allow you to quickly restore the population size.
Unlike large parrots such as macaws and cockatoos, small species cannot boast longevity. The average life expectancy of a parrot in the wild is about 5 years, 8-10-year-old individuals are considered centenarians.
How to care for
Budgerigars are easy to care for. The minimum cage size for one is 40x25x30 cm, for a couple. 60x30x40 cm. The pull-out bottom must be kept clean. Equip the house with a feeder, drinker, perches at different levels, toys. It is recommended to arrange water procedures for your pet by placing a wide bowl of water. Sand baths are also useful: “bathing” in clean sand has a beneficial effect on plumage.
The place for the cage should be protected from drafts, and a favorable air temperature is considered to be about 22 ° C.
Do not place the cage next to radiators, heaters, gas stove.
Drinking water should always be clean. When buying feed, check the expiration date and the integrity of the packaging so that the grain is not spoiled. Useful additives: chalk, boiled yolk, pieces of fruit, herbs.
The daily “walks” of the parrot should be supervised: the windows should be closed, and the glass and large mirrors should be curtained so that the bird does not hit. Do not allow birds to gnaw on indoor plants: they can be poisonous. Protect from attacks from other pets: cats and dogs.
The longevity of a captive parrot depends on the content. create maximum conditions and the bird will live happily ever after.
How to care for budgies, see the video below.
Communication and learning
Many people believe that large parrots such as Ara, Jaco, Cockatoo are “talking” birds, but this is not the case. Wavy lines are also capable of repeating words and inserting them where necessary, imitating an intelligent bird. It’s very easy to teach a parrot to talk using some powerful methods.
From birth, being among their own, chicks imitate older parrots, learn to emit certain sound signals. When they are in captivity, they begin to repeat after those whom they see and hear, that is, to all family members.
4 essential principles for teaching your parrot to speak:
- Frequent activities. If the owner quickly decided to do this, then it is worth saying the same words regularly and every day. Since this activity is tiring, all family members can record individual words on the recorder and turn them on again.
- Insulation. This method is suitable for those who have not one, but several parrots. Due to the fact that the birds like to tweet among themselves, this can distract them from human words, so isolate other parrots for a while.
- Lack of anxiety. Before you start training with a bird, you need to understand if it is alarmed. If all is well and she has adapted at home, then you can proceed.
- Prizes. Any pet can follow the owner’s commands for encouragement. If the bird has spoken a word, let him feast on the prize. Just do not overdo it so that the pet does not lose interest in the lessons. Children will also like this activity, they will be happy to watch them.
If there is a grate in the bottom of the aviary, then it should be removed, since the bird can injure its paws. Fillers are also not needed, you can lay paper towels, but not the newspaper, because the paint on it is toxic.
When you decide to have birds, you should take care of their comfortable stay. After all, birds like space and freedom, and since If the bird will live in a cage, then it needs to provide an extensive and durable aviary. Manufacturers have developed a large number of aviaries for pernats. Square, round, metal, wooden, from rods.
Sepia / mineral stone
Another must-have for a budgerigar is sepia. The bird sharpens its beak about it and receives calcium and minerals. But there is one important point, manufacturers offer to attach a mineral pebble to a piece of iron, this is not suitable, because the bird may be injured at the point of the beak. Tie the stone to a scourge or attach it with a clothespin. An important point, you cannot tie with a thread, because the bird will score a goiter.
It is better to give preference to natural perches with bark. The presence of 2 or 3 perches is suitable, they should be of different diameters so that the pet’s legs do not get tired. Tree branches will also work.
Anything the owner eats will not be suitable for the budgerigar’s diet. It is strictly forbidden to drink them with caffeine, alcohol and cocoa. This is deadly for the life of the pet. Also, you should not give a loaf of baked goods, because the yeast swells inside the stomach and cause gastrointestinal upset. In addition to these products, pets should not be fried, sweet and spicy foods. You can replace all this with a boiled chicken egg, just cook without adding salt.
If the owner decided to pamper the pet with berries or fruits containing a bone, then it must be removed, because under the influence of moisture, hydrocyanic acid is formed, with the use of which there will also be food poisoning.
It is also not recommended to give twigs from cherries or cherries, the bird may choke.
Budgerigars are native to the humid tropical jungle, so they need careful grooming. There are special fountains where water gurgles, and the birds can bathe and purify themselves. You need to bathe the bird once a week. In the summer, you can 2-3 times a week if it is very hot.
Parrots love water, so if they want to swim, the owner will understand this. For shy birds, you can put water in a saucer and place it next to the cage. Let the pet take an interest in itself and bathe.
If the wings get dirty in paint or other chemicals during flight around the apartment, you should carefully trim them.
Size and shape
When choosing a cage, the owner should choose a huge, spacious, strong, and also so that it is not dark in it. Pernats are cowardly birds, to be comfortable, they need a lot of sunlight. By choosing a spacious aviary for his pet, the owner will provide the pet with maximum freedom. And also if you have other pets, the wavy will not become a prey for her.
Good materials that an aviary can be made from are:
- stainless steel.
Manufacturers often paint the enclosure with a zinc mixture. These are not worth buying, because during the exfoliation, the pet can gnaw it off. This will badly affect his health and lead to poisoning.
The wooden cage is popular with the hosts. It is harmless and will not bring chemical poisoning to the bird. However, a wooden enclosure should be chosen only from certain trees: willow, maple, birch, linden.
Budget parrot care
Many people, deciding to get a budgerigar, mistakenly believe that they will not have trouble with a pet. It is believed that it is enough to put the bird in a spacious cage, provide it with a lump and water to make it feel comfortable. However, this is far from the case, because budgies require not only special care, but also attention. And this is not surprising, because all people who have been around for a long time. Parrots are perceived as members of their flock. Of course, making you obey them is beyond your powers, however, these birds will constantly demand special respect and relationships.
How to care for budgies
You should start with arranging a house for a parrot, which should be not only spacious, but also cozy.If you have purchased a couple of birds, then you will additionally have to take care of the family nest, without which you are unlikely to wait for offspring from your pets. Special houses for such a couple, as a rule, can be purchased together with the cage. Well, your pets will take care of equipping them themselves. Mandatory attributes that must be present in a budgie cage include a perch, drinker and feeder. The latter must be regularly replenished, otherwise the bird will feel uncomfortable. So, it is recommended to change the water in the drinker twice a day, and add the food in small portions 3-4 times a day. This is done so that the parrots do not overeat, because many of them simply do not know how to control their own appetite. As a result, the pet can gain excess weight, which will prevent it from flying. In turn, immobility is a mortal threat to the parrot and leads not only to muscle atrophy, but also to disruption of the heart. If your pet is a male, then you should definitely strengthen a small mirror inside the cage. Many budgerigars like to view and communicate with their reflection. This is especially important if your pet does not yet have a pair, in which case the mirror will help brighten up his loneliness. The cage itself will have to be cleaned at least 1-2 times a week. In this case, you need to take care that its bottom always remains dry. For these purposes, it is often sprinkled with fine river sand, which must first be calcined in the oven so that the pet is protected from microbes.
It should be borne in mind that all budgies, regardless of gender, are socially active individuals, so they need to communicate with living beings. If you have other pets, then there is a very high probability that the birds will make friends with them. However, parrots have a special sympathy for their owners and demand from them not only constant attention, but also love. Birds can show their feelings in different ways. Some of them may gently pinch your ear to show their affection. Others chirp merrily as you approach the cage. Do not ignore such signs of attention, otherwise your pet may become discouraged, refuse to eat and even die.
You should not keep parrots in a cage all the time, although this option is the most acceptable for many. Nevertheless, every day the bird should be free for at least 30-40 minutes, flying freely around the room. This is fraught with additional problems, since the bird will have to be monitored very carefully. Various household appliances and gas stoves pose a serious danger to her. In addition, parrots can easily become victims of domestic cats and dogs. Another danger lies in wait for pets in the event that you forgot to close the window. Parrots feel fresh air at a distance, so they always strive for its source. But the problem is that, once on the street, birds rarely return, as they are not able to find their way home. Plus, street noise simultaneously causes fear and curiosity in parrots, so they often try to find a secluded place for themselves, hiding in a tree or hiding on a neighbor’s balcony. There is no need to say that many different dangers lie in wait for them on the street.
Parrots are rather restless creatures, therefore, with a lack of communication, they can pester you at night with their tweets, which should be treated calmly. If your pet’s sociability annoys you, then at night you can cover the cage with a blanket, which will help the bird to calm down and protect it from external irritants. In addition, the birds regularly need fresh air, so in the warm season, they can be taken outside or onto the balcony for a short while together with the cage. In winter, the room in which the birds are located must be constantly ventilated, after having transferred the parrots to a place protected from cold and drafts.
Budgerigars molt once a year, dropping their plumage almost completely. During this period, it is better not to disturb the birds, creating the most comfortable conditions. In order for them to recover as soon as possible, vitamins should be introduced into the daily diet of pets. During this period, the birds need to be fed vigorously, you can also put an impromptu bath in their cage if the parrot likes to swim. However, not all pets have a tendency to bath procedures, although they carry a healing element. It is very simple to check this, it is enough to lightly douse the parrot with water from a spray bottle. If he spreads his wings and does not run away from you, then you can safely put a shallow and wide enough container with water in his cage for regular bathing. It is also worth paying attention to whether the bird has the ability to regularly grind off its claws, which grow quickly enough. For these purposes, any plastic items are suitable, from drinkers to all kinds of toys. If the cage is completely wooden, including the crossbars, then the pet may have problems with the claws, and then you will have to file them slightly yourself. But it should be borne in mind that such a procedure is unlikely to please your pet.
Pay close attention to the behavior of your pet, as the slightest deviation may indicate the occurrence of various diseases. Refusal of food and water, as well as reluctance to make contact are the reason for contacting the veterinarian. In addition, medical help is needed if you find blood or mucus in your pet’s feces. This indicates that the parrot is most likely poisoned with foods that are strictly prohibited for him to eat. At the same time, if your pet sleeps most of the day, then this is not a reason to panic. Parrots can, at their own discretion, regulate their rest regime, often confusing day and night. over, in order to gain strength, they must sleep at least 8-10 hours a day. Therefore, if the bird does not leave the house during the day, this most likely indicates that it was awake at night. The reason for this behavior could be any extraneous sounds to which the parrots react very sensitively. Therefore, at night in the room where the bird cage is located, ensure maximum silence. And in the daytime, it is best to protect the pet from sharp and loud sounds, which have a very negative effect on its nervous system.