Types of domestic turtle
Choosing an aquarium
When choosing the size and type of aquarium, it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of an adult animal and the characteristics of its body. Red-eared turtles spend a lot of time underwater or at the bottom of an artificial reservoir, where they feel safe.
The volume of the aquarium is selected depending on the size and number of turtles. For one turtle 13 cm long or a pair of young individuals 10 cm long, a one-liter aquarium will be sufficient. As it grows, the container is replaced with a larger one. So, for a pair of turtles 20-30 cm long, a two-hundred-liter aquarium is already required. If the volume is too small, the water becomes polluted faster, which leads to the disease of the redheads. The distance from the water level to the upper edge of the aquarium should be at least 15-20 cm.
The red-eared turtle is a swimming reptile. In addition to water, dry land is vital for her, on which she heats up and gets an ultraviolet tan. The recommended size of the land area is at least 25% of the total area of the aquarium. It is advisable to firmly attach the island to the base of the container.
The container should be equipped with a lid, such that pets cannot move it and get out, but at the same time it is well breathable.
What is a red-eared turtle?
Aquarium turtles are small for the time being, and then they turn into 30-centimeter giants. Males are more modest in size than their other halves. The yellow-bellied turtle is a partly terrestrial species that needs water to live well.
An ideal option for a turtle would be a spacious aquaterrarium, which will combine the water and land parts. For a piece of land, a tree and a rocky piece of gravel are suitable. Small gravel is not recommended for filling the red-eared turtle’s terrarium, as the reptile can inadvertently swallow it, only coarse material should be used. Amphibians of this species are by no means clean, so be prepared for the fact that the aquarium will have to be cleaned from time to time.
Small aquarium turtles: care and
Recently, a growing number of aquarists are adopting turtles. And there is an explanation for this phenomenon. small care aquarium turtles are unpretentious and give a lot of positive emotions to their owners. The correct one guarantees a long life for your pet, up to 80 years.
What should be an aquarium for a turtle?
The volume of bathing water depends on the size of the reptile. A red-eared beauty needs to move comfortably through the water. Approximate characteristics of the parameters of an artificial reservoir:
- The depth of the pool is twice the length of the turtle;
- The length of the reservoir is 5 times the length of the carapace reptile;
- The width should be three times the size of the turtle.
For aquarium turtles care, you should immediately purchase a purification filter, since these amphibians have an enchanting ability to make a mess. But even he will not save you from the monthly general cleaning of the house of the yellow-bellied beast. In addition, every two weeks, 1/4 of the fresh water should be completely changed to pure water. You can reduce contamination of the aquarium water by providing a bowl for the feeder.
The obligatory attributes of the terrarium should be a thermometer and a heater. It is better not to purchase a glass heater, since the red-eared minx, playing with it, will break the device. The optimum air temperature for a turtle is 25 degrees Celsius. Babies and sick specimens will have a higher temperature.
If the required temperature regime is not maintained in the aquaterrarium, the tortillas will quickly wither away. Take your pet outside to soak up the sun in summer, and warm your turtle with an ultra-violet lamp in winter. Deficiency of UV rays threatens the red-eared turtle with rickets. Make sure that the electrical appliances inside the terrarium are correctly installed and do not harm the health of the sluggish owner of the shell.
What to feed your turtle?
Yellow-bellied turtles eat a lot and with pleasure. Their body needs products of plant and animal origin. Aquarium turtles need proper and balanced feeding and care. Baby turtles should eat every day, and adult turtles no more than three times every 7 days. Products that are strictly contraindicated for red-eared turtles:
- radish, sorrel;
- mushrooms of all kinds;
- canned vegetables and salt.
Dishes to be eaten with caution:
- white cabbage, broccoli;
- mussels, rapana;
- vegetables: potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers;
- fruits: bananas, strawberries, apple, tangerine, orange;
- insects: crickets, worms, grape snails;
- meat: shrimp, fresh fish.
Thanks to the correct content, red-eared turtles will be able to delight their owners for a long time.
Almost all families sooner or later have a pet. Pets bring a lot of positive things into the house, entertain their owners and keep them company. Many animals.
Guppies become the first fish for many. Their various colors, good adaptability to different conditions, and their low cost make these fish one of the most.
An aquarium is not only a decoration for any interior, but also a whole world in which various organisms of flora and fauna live. Keeping an aquarium in your home is not only expensive.
Does your child need a pet, and parents don’t need extra hassle? Have you decided to bring something new to the design of your home? Or maybe you just want to enjoy the view.
Small turtles for the aquarium. a real find for lovers of exotic animals. Not very whimsical in everyday life, a curious tortilla will be an ideal option for a home.
History of the species Red-eared turtles
The first mentions of red-eared turtles date back to the 16th century, information about them is found in the notes of the Spanish colonialists who explored Peru. It is difficult to say why the turtle was called the red-eared. neither she nor other representatives of this species have what people call ears. In reptiles, the hearing organs are represented by the eardrum, which is located on the head, they hear well low sounds with a frequency of up to 3000 hertz.
The first description of the red-eared turtle was made more than 300 years ago, however, in those years it was attributed to the genus Testudo. After that, scientists did everything to confuse amphibian lovers. Over the centuries, they were ranked among more than 10 subspecies, only in 1986 did the red-eared turtle become a full-fledged representative of the genus Trachemys. As a result of crossing, 12 subspecies of different sizes and colors were bred.
Today the red-eared turtle is one of the most popular inhabitants of the home terrarium. In European countries, promotions are regularly held that urge fans not to purchase these turtles, because their population is rapidly declining. Switzerland even has a special center where you can bring a grown turtle.
red-eared turtles with other animals
Small turtles can be kept even with small fish. But when the reptiles grow up, they can easily eat your favorite fish, for example, guppies. Therefore, for adult animals, you need to select neighbors who can fend for themselves: cichlids, large barbs, catfish or koi.
Red-eared turtles do well with loneliness, but red-eared turtles or other non-aggressive turtles of the same size will be the best company for them. Unsuitable company for turtles. toads, newts, lizards and snakes. Mollusks will live in the same pond with turtles for a short time.
The red-eared turtle (Latin Trachemys scripta) belongs to the freshwater Emydidae family. Representatives of this species can live in any weak-flowing water bodies, tolerate relatively low temperatures and are unpretentious to food. These features allowed turtles to settle far beyond their natural habitat. in the southeastern United States. Such turtles can be found in South Africa, Europe, North America, Asia.
Often, red-eared turtles drive out their native relatives. Small turtles are born with a shell length of about 3 cm, they have a very bright and beautiful color. The first year and a half is the so-called stage of initial growth, when individuals grow up to 7.5 cm. Then growth rates decrease, annually the turtle grows on average by 1-1.5 cm per year. In adulthood, its dimensions reach 20-28 centimeters. Some species of red-eared turtles grow up to 60 cm. Their shells are green, olive or olive-green, in each of the sectors you can see a bright yellow stripe, the same stripes can be seen on the turtle’s head. As an individual grows up, its shell becomes darker, green tones may disappear altogether.
The shape of the carapace is close to oval; the scutes are well fitted to each other. Legs with large claws, small membranes between the toes, the tail when swimming is a kind of counterweight and an additional steering wheel when turning. The tails of males are often longer than those of females, although adult females boast more impressive dimensions and powerful jaws. Turtles can mate several times during the year, in one clutch there are 6-10 eggs. Females reach maturity in captivity by 5-6 years, males. by 4 years. There are 12 subspecies of red-eared turtles, in some the reddish spot is very prominent, in others it is a barely noticeable strip.
and caring for red-eared turtles
Despite the fact that red-eared turtles are unpretentious, they need good maintenance and care. Although representatives of the order of amphibians spend most of their time in the water, turtles cannot do without land, they can simply drown. Therefore, it is necessary to construct an aquaterrarium, divided into two zones: land and water. You cannot keep the animal on the floor, the turtle can eat small objects or get sick from a draft.
For an adult red-eared turtle, you need to choose an aquarium with a volume of 100-150 liters. Dry land should be at least 25% of the total area. It is advisable to build a bank with a gradual slope; earth or gravel can be poured on land, provided that the soil does not come into contact with the aquatic environment. The water level should be no less than the width of the turtle’s shell. so that the pet can roll over if for any reason it is on its back. Turtles feed in water, so it needs to be changed frequently. Tap water is not dangerous, but it is still advisable to defend it, it is unacceptable to keep reptiles in dirty water, especially if the surface is covered with a characteristic film. Filamentous algae, duckweed and other small plants are allowed in the aquarium where the Trachemys species lives. (more. Arrangement of a terrarium for a red-eared turtle)
The water temperature should be 20-25 degrees, on average it needs to be changed 1-2 times a week. It is worth installing a lamp over a dry island. turtles love to bask on land. The island should be 20-25 centimeters lower than the edge of the aquarium, otherwise the animal can get out and run away. It is advisable to install additional sources of daylight, regular dosed ultraviolet irradiation is especially necessary for small turtles.
Most of the food that turtles consume. bloodworms, meat, squid, only make up for the lack of protein. For your pet to get enough calcium, it needs to be fed with aquarium snails or small lean fish along with bones. You can feed the turtles frozen fish of the perch family. Fatty types of fish. Baltic herring, sprat or capelin, before giving to the turtle, must be immersed in water for 1-2 minutes at a temperature of 80 degrees. Fatty meat is the least digestible, so it is best to feed the turtles raw liver, squid or shrimp meat as supplements. For young turtles, a bloodworm, a carriage or a tubule is suitable, gradually the diet can be expanded.
You can also prepare a mixture based on gelatin, it includes: 150 ml of water, 30 g of gelatin, 10 tablets of calcium glycerophosphate, 150 ml of milk, 2 raw eggs, vitamins, 100 g of squid fillets, 145 g of fish fillets, 70 g of carrots, 50 g cabbage, 50 g apple.
First, fill the gelatin with warm water, and then completely dissolve in a steam bath. Solid feed is crushed in a blender or meat grinder, poured with milk and beaten eggs, mixed, then added to seven vitamins and crushed calcium, stored in the refrigerator. Before feeding, the mixture is cut into cubes and warmed to room temperature. For adult turtles, the diet is made taking into account plant feed, they can be given duckweed, lettuce, young cabbage, elodea, pond algae. Small turtles are fed every day (up to 2 years), adults 2-3 times a week.
Interesting facts about red-eared turtles
Turtles live on earth for almost 200 million years, they appeared long before birds, crocodiles, mammals and even dinosaurs; In Russia, freshwater turtles with a characteristic red speck on their head are called red-eared, and in Germany, red-cheeked; Red-eared turtles, like most representatives of this species, are long-lived, in captivity they can live for 30 years; Red-eared turtles have a well-developed sense of smell, sight and touch, and the shell contains a large number of nerve endings.
You can buy red-eared turtles in a specialized nursery. The price of red-eared turtles can be found on the bulletin board.
This type of turtles belongs to amphibians, as they thrive both in water and on land. It grows in length by no more than 12 cm.For normal keeping, turtles need to have a piece of sushi in the aquarium for rest.
This species of small turtles includes several subspecies, such as silt red-cheeked, musky common, silt yellow-mouthed and musky keel. In the natural environment, they can be found in South and North America, as well as in the United States. All turtles have a rounded carapace with a rib-like outgrowth of the cervical plate. In case of danger, the turtle closes the hole, which makes it more protected. Silt turtles are characterized by webbed feet.
In the diet of turtles, animal food predominates, but they also eat plant food with pleasure. The yellow-cheeked turtle grows to a length of about 13 cm, and the red-cheeked turtle. no more than 11 cm in length.
Variety of aquatic little turtles
If turtles grow in length by no more than 12-13 cm, then they are considered small. In this case, several types of them can be distinguished:
Chinese three-keeled turtles
This type of turtle is recommended for beginners, as it is unpretentious in care and undemanding to food. They can grow up to 13 cm in length.To contain them, you need an aquarium with a capacity of up to 100 liters.
Most interestingly, in some countries it is forbidden to keep these turtles at home.
Little domesticated aquatic turtles
The limit of their growth is 8-9 cm. Turtles have a muzzle extended forward and a proportional head size. There are small protective shields on the neck. The carapace is oval and slightly elongated forward with a slight bulge. Each foot has 4-5 toes.
Flat turtles have several subspecies:
- Homopus boulengeri;
- Homopus areolatus;
- Homopus signatus;
- Homopus femoralis;
- Homopus solus.
How To Setup a Turtle Aquarium (Baby Turtle!)
They differ in the color of carapace, which can have brown, olive and other shades. As a rule, females are somewhat larger than males. The female can lay up to 4 eggs in one clutch.
Conditions of keeping various types of turtles
Silt turtles spend almost their entire life in water and only rarely can they be seen on land. Therefore, an aquarium with a capacity of 50-70 liters is suitable for them. So that the conditions are close to natural, soil is poured onto the bottom of the aquarium and aquatic plants are planted, although this is not necessary. The main thing is that at the bottom there is an object that serves as a shelter for the turtle. It can be a driftwood or an earthen pot, but heat treated for greater stability. The water temperature is maintained at 22-25 ° C. It is not recommended to keep males of different ages in the same aquarium. Closing turtles value their territory and can attack smaller turtles.
Flat bugs are difficult to keep at home. Therefore, for those who are not sure that they will be able to take care of them properly, one piece of advice can be given. it is better not to acquire or torment a small animal. If you follow all the recommendations and advice, then these turtles can live in captivity for quite a long time.
Flat turtles are not resistant to infectious diseases, therefore it is recommended to keep them separate from other turtles. Thus, you can extend their life, as well as stimulate them to reproduce. But for this to happen, they need to organize hibernation with certain temperature conditions, otherwise the males will not show their interest in females. Turtles sleep for 2 months, at a temperature of no more than 10 ° C. Flat turtles feed on plant food. They love warmth very much. The water temperature should be between 15-18 ° C. There should be small stones at the bottom of the aquarium, with a layer of no more than 2 cm.
spotted turtles are complicated by the fact that they prefer animal food, so you need to think carefully about whether they can be provided with aquatic insects, tadpoles, worms of various origins, small crustaceans, etc.
Chinese three-keeled turtles are quite voracious pets. Their diet includes a standard assortment of turtle foods, both animal and vegetable. Vitamin supplements should be added to the diet to be more confident that the turtle is consuming enough nutrients. This type of turtles can withstand temperature differences from 12 ° C to 30 ° C. But this does not mean at all that their content should be approached from these data. It’s better to experiment and not expose the animal to certain risks.
How to determine the sex of a small water turtle, as well as get information about their content, if you watch the corresponding video.
It is quite interesting to have small turtles at home. But one interest alone cannot get a lot of positive emotions. To get the result, you need to invest something and this something is taking care of small animals. In addition to the aquarium, light, heat, and food are also in demand.
What you need to know about Keeping TURTLES!
This type of turtle is not considered to be completely aquatic because turtles love to be on land and an Aqua Terrarium is required to keep them. This contributes to the creation of exactly those habitat conditions to which this species of turtles is accustomed. Spotted turtles can reach a length of 13 cm, which is absolutely acceptable for the conditions of our apartments.
Benefits of keeping baby turtles
Many people dream of some exotic animal living in their house. It should be noted that pythons, lizards, snakes, etc. can be found in some apartments. Unfortunately, most of the apartments do not have an area for keeping a crocodile in the house, for example. Although rare, such an animal can also be found.
As for the turtle, this is what is needed. Firstly, this is a completely harmless animal that will not harm anyone, including children, and secondly, the little turtle takes up very little living space. And feeding a small animal is always much easier. In addition, a teenager can take care of such a pet. He will not only get acquainted with the living conditions of this animal, with its habits, but also learn to love nature in general, and not only to domestic turtles.
This is a great look for home content. They can grow up to 15 cm in length. Today, there are 4 subspecies of musk turtles, which differ in size and color. One of the subspecies, called “Sternatorus depressus”, can grow up to 11 cm in length.
Mini turtles for aquarium
Many people are interested in this question: are there miniature turtle breeds that are suitable for keeping in a domestic environment. The question is related to the fact that most of the apartments do not have enough space to install a large aquarium. As a rule, in such conditions, people set up small aquariums where fish are kept. Now, if there were turtles that felt great in a small aquarium, then it would be possible to have a turtle at home, and not just fish.
Three-keeled Chinese turtles
The average size of adults ranges from 13 cm. Among other things, this species of turtles has an attractive appearance and a rather calm temperament. These characteristics contribute to the fact that the three-keeled Chinese turtles are the favorites of many turtle breeders. Plus, they do not require special conditions of detention. This factor is considered ideal for those who, for the first time in their life, decided to have a turtle at home.
Under natural conditions, this species of turtles can actually be found in Mexico, America, and also in Africa. Scientists know about 4 types of these babies, but the most widespread are the Sonoran and yellow closing turtles. They can grow up to 13 cm in length.As for the other two subspecies, which include striped and silt turtles, they grow in length only up to 11 cm.
Turtle chinese trionix
How to feed this sea monster? Or it feeds exclusively on humans?
Luckily for you, they feed on fish, snails, larvae, bloodworms, and shrimp meat.
It is also advisable to feed them with turtle food, as they contain a large amount of vitamins (if the food is good). They eat a lot, but you should not overfeed them.
If you have decorated your aquarium with plants, Trionix will definitely destroy them. No, not because he eats them. He does it just for fun.
For this predator to feel comfortable, the aquarium should be large (200-250 liters minimum) with a large swimming space and a small island.
The water must be kept at a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees and the water must be changed regularly. Also use a powerful external filter to purify water.
Two lamps must be installed above the aquarium: ordinary and ultraviolet.
The main thing is to place them so that the body of the turtle is not subject to burns and overheating. The temperature on the island should be between 30 and 32 degrees.
Aquarium turtles are small, types of how to care
This is one of the most famous soft-bodied turtles.
Despite the fact that its shell is not as hard, it swims much faster than other species. However, from the people who are going to cook soup from it, all the same, it will not be able to swim away.
Yes, it is from these turtles that the famous turtle soup is made.!
It is to some extent an exotic animal, so beginners should not get such a turtle.
She is quite shy and begins to bite if you take her in your hands, therefore, you should wear protective gloves, otherwise your fingers will not even have a wet place.
If this does not convince you, then here is another fact for you: with their hard and sharp teeth, the Trionix easily gnaw and break the shells of snails. be careful.
She, like many of her relatives, is rather clumsy and is often damaged by the sharp corners of aquarium decorations. Therefore, it is worth using decorations that will not harm the turtle.