home Aquarium How to clean an aquarium at home

How to clean an aquarium at home

Changing the water in the aquarium

After cleaning the inside of the aquarium, you can start changing the water in it. The amount of water changed depends on the degree of contamination. Typically, about 25% of the total water is replaced. The required amount of replacement water should be drained to clean the soil. The water is drained using a siphon, following the instructions of the device. It is forbidden to use ordinary running water for replacement, it must be defended in advance. It is recommended to pour new water on a grotto or saucer set in advance, on the substrate, so that the water pressure does not immediately hit the ground and damage it.

How to clean the aquarium

For high-quality cleaning of the vessel from the inside, it should be washed using special equipment.

Necessary tools and accessories to clean the aquarium:

The scraper must be selected according to the type and size, relative to the type of aquarium. The most expensive and convenient option is a magnetic scraper that collects dirt by swiping it along the outside of the wall. The pond can be washed with a regular sponge, without impregnation with cleaning agents.

A soil cleaner is required to be able to clean the substrate without removing it from the container. If a significant or complete change of water inside the vessel is planned, it is necessary to purchase a net for the safety of fish. The landing net should be adjusted to the size of the pet so as not to damage the delicate fins.

When washing, you can use baking soda as a cleaning agent. It is important to rinse soda thoroughly.

Why do I need to wash and clean the aquarium

Cleaning the aquarium is vital for all living organisms inside the reservoir. Contamination appears on all surfaces: soil, bottom, wall, plants and decor, and the filter becomes dirty. Plaque and debris appear as a result of the life of the inhabitants, who excrete feces, uneaten food residues and active growth of algae. Regardless of the size, large and small aquariums equally need to be washed, if the procedure is regular, it will not be difficult to wash the vessel, since there will not be time for strong contamination to form.

How to clean your aquarium: 8 steps to clean it right

A home artificial reservoir is a complex system in which the biological balance is maintained in an artificial way. Pond cleaning is one of the ways to maintain purity and biological balance. If the aquarium with fish is not cleaned correctly, then the water inside the vessel may become cloudy and fade. Therefore, the aquarium should be washed, taking into account all the subtleties and requirements, in order to avoid many ailments and preserve the health of the inhabitants. This article will help novice aquarists figure out how to properly clean the aquarium without harming the fish.

Vegetation processing

If there is living vegetation in an artificial reservoir, then it also requires care and purification. Plants can be cleaned at home, following certain rules:

  • Plants do not like transplants.
  • Vegetation is processed not at every harvesting manipulation.
  • Spoiled and damaged leaves are cut.
  • Overgrown plants must be removed so that they do not become an obstacle to the free movement of fish.
  • Pruning should be done as the bushes grow.
  • Overgrown bushes should be thinned out so that they do not interfere with the penetration of light into the container.
  • If it is necessary to remove a plant with a root, the manipulation is carried out as carefully as possible in order to prevent the rise of turbidity from the substrate.

Cleaning the filter

It is not recommended to wash the internal filter together with other elements of the aquarium, as a sudden change in the biological balance can cause significant harm to the inhabitants of the reservoir. The filter can be disassembled and washed once a month using a toothbrush.

Cleansing manipulations should be carried out so as not to harm the beneficial bacteria that have settled on it. They should not be washed thoroughly. The filter elements are lightly rinsed in aquarium water. If the filter has a ceramic filler, then it should not be washed more than once a month.

What cleaning products can be used

It is not recommended to use cleaning chemicals for cleaning the pond, as there is a risk of leaving particles of the substance inside the vessel. The remaining product can cause significant harm to the health and life of the inhabitants. Baking soda can be used, but this substance is also harmful to pets. After cleaning the aquarium with soda, it must be rinsed with running water several times.

If you still need to use strong chemical mixtures, you can use:

  • Soap.
  • Domestos.
  • Comet.

An important rule when using such products is to thoroughly rinse the container with water.

How to properly wash your aquarium

It is important to clean an aquarium with and without fish, observing certain rules, regardless of whether the reservoir is large or small. If the cleaning sequence is disrupted, it will be difficult to achieve proper cleanliness. Regular brushing is essential to maintain the natural balance of beneficial bacteria and harmful.

The procedure for cleaning an artificial reservoir:

  • Elimination of algae and bacteria plaque from glass.
  • Cleansing decorative elements and stones.
  • Thinning of living plants.
  • Removing rotten leaves on plants.
  • Soil siphon, to eliminate waste.
  • Partial water drain.
  • Cleaning and rinsing filters.
  • Topping up with clean water.

If the aquarium is not new, then before starting cleaning it is important to turn off all appliances connected to the electricity. If necessary, it is allowed to leave fish in the reservoir, if the procedure is carried out correctly in compliance with all recommendations, the fish will not be harmed.

Advice

Aquarium management is a complex science that requires a lot of knowledge in order for pets to be kept in a favorable environment and a proper aquarium. All manipulations carried out with the container, including cleaning, require adherence to the rules.

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Useful tips for cleaning an artificial reservoir:

  • How often it is necessary to completely wash the reservoir depends on the individual indicators and the speed of its pollution; unnecessary manipulations should not be performed by interfering with the life of the reservoir. As a rule, the procedure is performed once every 2 weeks.
  • If possible, it is recommended to abandon the use of cleaning agents.
  • Plant substrates should not be washed.
  • If the new aquarium is large, then cleaning should be done on site, and detergents should not be used, as in such conditions there will be a struggle with chemical particles that are difficult to wash off.
  • Hydrogen peroxide can be used to wipe down a new aquarium;
  • All cleaning equipment must be safe and used for only one body of water.
  • It is not recommended to feed the fish a few hours before washing the vessel.

Wash your home aquarium thoroughly, applying all the recommendations, and then the artificial reservoir will delight with its beauty, and fish and other pets will be healthy and attractive.

Source: http: // rybkies. ru / akvarium / chistka. html

Fish. helpers

In nature, there are species of fish that not only have a bright color, but also really benefit. these are the orderlies of the aquarium. The group of such unique fish includes swordtails, guppies and platies.

Nature has endowed the unusual inhabitants of the aquatic environment with a special structure of the mouth. The lower part of the jaw is interestingly arranged and resembles the shape of a scraper. It is thanks to its jaw that the fish can clean the walls of the aquarium.

A distinctive feature of fish called ancistrus and armored catfish is their mouth, which resembles suckers. With the help of the mouth, the fish attach to the walls of their home and naturally cleanse it.

Such residents will become wonderful helpers in caring for the built environment.

HOW TO CLEAN AN AQUARIUM THE RIGHT WAY

Now you know exactly how to properly wash the aquarium without causing absolutely any harm to its inhabitants.

A clean aquarium is the key to the well-being and longevity of your fish, so do not neglect the timely care of it.

Source: http: // dombrat. ru / uborka / kak-chistit-akvarium-v-domashnih-usloviyah. html

Cleaning the filters

When cleaning the filter, it is important to remove mechanical impurities from it without damaging the colony of microorganisms that live in sponges or other porous fillers and participate in biofiltration.

Therefore, wash the filter filling carefully, without undue enthusiasm, using only the water drained from the aquarium. It is better, of course, to take relatively clean water without turbidity, and not the one that was drained when siphoning the soil.

Internal filters with sponges are washed once every one to two weeks, depending on the speed of their contamination (the fact that the filter is contaminated can be seen by the weakening of its stream). The sponges of the internal filters, which have several compartments for different fillers, and the prefilters of external canister filters are washed with approximately the same frequency.

Porous material for biofiltration (ceramic rings, balls, etc.) is washed much less often, once every two to three months, if necessary, carrying out a partial replacement of this filler.

The rotary filter head can be washed with plain water without detergents using a cotton swab.

Why you need to clean your aquarium?

Absolutely any aquarium requires periodic cleaning and washing, even one that is equipped with an ultra-modern filtration system. Over time, the space of the aquarium begins to fill with waste from its inhabitants, decomposed food remains and fragments of algae. As the filters become clogged, the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy, and the oxygen needed by the fish decreases in it. At the same time, plaque begins to form on the walls of the aquarium, on the surface of algae and decor items.

If cleaning measures are not taken in a timely manner, the increasing volume of pollution can cause the development of diseases and even the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Severe blockages in the filtration system, in turn, can lead to equipment damage.

The main signs that indicate the need to wash the aquarium:

  • plaque on the walls;
  • plaque on plants, decorative elements, feeder;
  • decrease in the power of the filter due to clogging;
  • cloudy or discolored water.

It is important to take into account that a radical cleaning of the aquarium entails its subsequent complete restart. This procedure is usually carried out in extreme cases, for example, when there is a massive death of fish, serious diseases of aquarium plants are revealed.

In most cases, regular surface cleaning of the aquarium is sufficient, which does not violate its established ecosystem and biological balance.

Aquarium device

So, first, let’s think about how to choose a new aquarium and equip it correctly.

The most suitable volume for home conditions is 50 liters, but it is worth noting that it all depends on how many and types of fish you inhabit it.

Please note that the stones and algae with which you will decorate the reservoir occupy a certain part of the space, and there must also be a special soil at the bottom of the artificial reservoir.

From equipment, an aquarium with fish should be equipped with the following vital attributes:

  • pump or filter for an aquarium
  • water heater
  • backlight

Aquarium water plays an equally important role. Do not neglect its quality, it is on this that a good habitat for your fish depends.

Filter rinsing

The filter sponges should be washed in such a way as not to damage the beneficial bacteria that settle on them. They do not need to be completely flushed out of the filter element. Cleaning the sponges is carried out by lightly rinsing them in water; moreover, which is drained from the aquarium. Cleaning of the ceramic filler is carried out no more than 1 time per month.

Water inlet

Having previously cleaned all the details of the artificial reservoir, we begin to fill it with water.

Pouring water into an aquarium, at the bottom of which there is already soil, is not so easy.

  • A flat plate will help you to simplify this process, by laying it, we will protect the soil from deformation;
  • We fill the water slowly, in a thin stream.
  • From time to time it is worth pouring settled water into the aquarium, as it tends to evaporate.
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After filling the aquarium with water, we install all the necessary equipment and connect it to the network.

How to clean an aquarium at home?

clean, aquarium, home

To be a decoration for your home or office, your aquarium needs to shine clean. And the fish in such an aquarium are better, they are more active, get sick less and live longer. Keeping an artificial reservoir clean is not so difficult, but still there are some subtleties in this matter that beginners should be aware of. Consider the basic issues of cleaning an aquarium at home.

Cleaning the filters

When cleaning the filter, it is important to remove mechanical impurities from it without damaging the colony of microorganisms that live in sponges or other porous fillers and participate in biofiltration.

Therefore, wash the filter filling carefully, without undue enthusiasm, using only the water drained from the aquarium. It is better, of course, to take relatively clean water without turbidity, and not the one that was drained when siphoning the soil.

How to Clean Your Fish Tank

Internal filters with sponges are washed once every one to two weeks, depending on the speed of their contamination (the fact that the filter is contaminated can be seen by the weakening of its stream). The sponges of the internal filters, which have several compartments for different fillers, and the prefilters of external canister filters are washed with approximately the same frequency.

Porous material for biofiltration (ceramic rings, balls, etc.) is washed much less often, once every two to three months, if necessary, carrying out a partial replacement of this filler.

The rotary filter head can be washed with plain water without detergents using a cotton swab.

Wall cleaning

Even in the most prosperous aquarium, algal deposits form on the walls, which makes the glass cloudy and untidy. Therefore, the algae must be removed regularly. This can be done with:

  • a scraper with a metal blade (it can be replaced with a stationery knife blade);
  • magnetic scraper;
  • washcloth.

The first option. a long-handled scraper or, to a lesser extent, a stationery knife. is convenient and good at removing algae and other contaminants, but not suitable for plexiglass aquariums, since it can leave scratches on their walls.

The magnetic scraper is indispensable for deep tanks, as well as aquariums with limited access from above, or plexiglass tanks. It does not scratch the walls (except for those cases when a grain of sand or a small fragment of soil gets between its parts) and makes it possible not to lower your hands into the water. Minus. it is difficult for them to clean the corners of the aquarium and the lower edge of the glass near the ground.

The option with a household washcloth is the most economical, but not suitable for plexiglass and the least convenient, since you have to reach everywhere with your hand.

Vegetation processing

The task of this treatment is to remove leaves damaged by fish and snails (as well as overgrown with algae), cut off or remove overgrown shoots by the roots. Plants should not block the light of each other and interfere with the fish.

In aquariums with shrimps, especially with whimsical species, and in general in nano aquariums, pruning and weeding should be carried out as little as possible and as carefully as possible so that a minimum amount of silt and plant sap gets into the water.

What does cleaning the aquarium include?

  • we clean the walls from algal bloom;
  • if necessary, we clean the decorations: stones, grottoes;
  • if there are plants in the aquarium, we carry out weeding and pruning;
  • siphonym soil (this procedure is not always carried out);
  • pour out part of the water from the aquarium. this can be done during a siphon or on purpose;
  • if required, we wash the filtering equipment;
  • pour clean water.

And now about everything in more detail.

How often should this be done?

Routine cleaning of the aquarium with the replacement of part of the water is usually carried out once or twice a week, depending on its size, population density, and the presence of vegetation.

In each case, the question of the regularity of cleaning and water replacement should be decided on the basis of

  • well-being of fish,
  • indicators of aquarium tests
  • and, of course, the appearance of the aquarium.

Conversely, in a crystal-clear aquarium, concentrations of nitrogen compounds can go off scale and, accordingly, fish suffer. And this is also a reason for urgent cleaning.

Scenery cleaning

If you don’t like the dark film of algae on your decorations, you can clean them too. This is done with a washcloth or stiff brush inside the aquarium or outside if the decoration is removed. No detergents or cleaning agents are used.

In order to reduce algae on the walls and decorations, it is possible to have algae-eating fish, they will help in the fight for cleanliness.

And if the algae grow too quickly, they are brown in color or resemble brushes in shape, then the situation in the aquarium is not entirely safe, and measures must be taken to combat these representatives of lower plants.

Cleaning the filter

Most of the aquariums are equipped with a special filtration system. In order for the device to work without interruption, it is necessary to study in detail how to clean the aquarium filter, while not damaging its integrity.

In the process of working with the filter, you need to understand how to clean the internal filter material.

Inside it is a special “sponge” that provides biofiltration of water.

    Since it must be washed very carefully, it is not recommended to use excessive enthusiasm in this matter.

This procedure is performed once every two to three months. If the water in the aquarium is pumping intermittently, then by cleaning the filter, we facilitate its saturation with oxygen.

  • As for the external parts, they can be easily washed with a regular toothbrush.
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Since cleaning the filter in the aquarium with chemical detergents is not a good idea, we recommend using ordinary running water or, in extreme cases, warm and boiled water.

We clean the walls

The first step is to consider how to clean the walls of the aquarium.

Absolutely in any aquarium, over time, plaque forms, both calcareous. from poor-quality water, and green. in the presence of algae. It is with such not very pleasant factors that we will come across sooner or later. Internal pollution makes glass and water cloudy, and as a result, unsuitable for the life of your pets.

First, wash your aquarium glass thoroughly.

Water inlet

Having previously cleaned all the details of the artificial reservoir, we begin to fill it with water.

Pouring water into an aquarium, at the bottom of which there is already soil, is not so easy.

  • A flat plate will help you to simplify this process, by laying it, we will protect the soil from deformation;
  • We fill the water slowly, in a thin stream.
  • From time to time it is worth pouring settled water into the aquarium, as it tends to evaporate.

After filling the aquarium with water, we install all the necessary equipment and connect it to the network.

Caring for the bottom in the aquarium

Next, let’s figure out how to clean the bottom of the aquarium, namely: clean the soil from the remains of food and excrement. After all, this is where all the waste accumulates that we need to get rid of.

A procedure such as cleaning the soil in an aquarium is not always carried out, but it plays an important role.

    First, it should be turned a little, but if particles and bubbles begin to rise, then the soil is oversaturated with carbon dioxide, and therefore. this procedure is appropriate.

We do this using a hose or a special siphon. We drive the end of the hose or the tube of the siphon along the bottom, occasionally we penetrate into the soil. All unnecessary contamination will come out through the other end of the hose. Be very careful, because without noticing, you can accidentally drag any living creature into the cleaning siphon. Most often, this procedure is carried out in the presence of fish, while the water may remain slightly unclear.

In this case, a natural question ripens: how to clean the soil in an aquarium to obtain crystal clear water?

  • To begin with, we need to temporarily relocate the fish, after which we take out all the soil and thoroughly rinse it under running water, without using any means.
  • Next, we take the cleaned soil and place it on the bottom of the fish house.

The process is quite time consuming, but you only have to resort to such cleaning once or twice a year.

We clean the aquarium correctly

The aquarium is an artificial reservoir designed for breeding and keeping various types of fish and plants in it. Therefore, in this article we will teach you how to clean an aquarium at home without resorting to the services of a specialist.

  • Watching the life of the swimming fish at home is very exciting: sometimes home video filming of your pets effectively helps to relieve stress even in a difficult situation at work;
  • To create favorable conditions for aquarium fish, it is necessary to purchase special equipment that will provide maximum comfort for the living and development of your freshwater.

Undoubtedly, an obligatory and most important aspect will be the cleaning of the aquarium at home, which is necessary for the good life and reproduction of your decorative pets.

Let’s now figure out how to do it correctly.

Aquarium device

So, first, let’s think about how to choose a new aquarium and equip it correctly.

The most suitable volume for home conditions is 50 liters, but it is worth noting that it all depends on how many and types of fish you inhabit it.

Please note that the stones and algae with which you will decorate the reservoir occupy a certain part of the space, and there must also be a special soil at the bottom of the artificial reservoir.

From equipment, an aquarium with fish should be equipped with the following vital attributes:

Aquarium water plays an equally important role. Do not neglect its quality, it is on this that a good habitat for your fish depends.

Periodicity

Make it a rule to wipe your aquarium glass at least once a week, even if it looks clean at first glance. This procedure is much easier than washing muddy glasses two or three weeks ago.

  • If you decide to clean the walls of the aquarium without removing its inhabitants, then the use of any detergents is strictly prohibited.
  • If you are planning a planned cleaning with the relocation of its inhabitants, then for this you can use a special washing sample of a solution of potassium permanganate.

It is with the help of these rules that you can easily wash off plaque of almost any complexity.

What is needed for this

First of all, you need to learn how to properly clean the aquarium, because the appearance of the fish house depends entirely on this.

This can be done using the following tools:

  • special scrapers with a metal blade
  • nylon washcloths
  • regular kitchen sponges