How To Clip Black Nails
How to trim black nails for a dog: expert tips and tricks
Is it difficult to trim a dog’s nails if they are black? Even an experienced dog breeder will answer that this is indeed a difficult task, but only for the first time. It is not worth talking about the importance of grooming, not all dogs need to cut their claws, but most of them. For four-legged with dewclaws, a haircut is mandatory. Let’s understand the intricacies of the process so that you don’t have to worry or deal with the consequences of mistakes.
The structure of the dog’s claws
An owner who decides to trim the claws of a pet at home must understand the physiology of the dog and its differences. In humans, the entire grown nail consists of keratinized tissue, which has no sensitivity. The dog’s claw is only covered with keratinized tissue, inside it is “alive”. It is much easier to understand the fundamental difference if you imagine that your finger phalanges are claws, and you only need to cut off a few millimeters of regrown nails.
Anatomically speaking, a dog’s claw can be divided into three sections:
How to Clip Black Dog Nails
- The roller and groove are the area of transition of the skin of the finger into the keratinized part of the claw. On the sides, the skin bends and passes into the so-called groove. a groove that stretches almost the entire length of the claw. The roller is well felt over the entire width of the base of the keratinized part of the claw, on the lower part it practically merges with the pad of the finger. The roller and part of the groove are covered with thin skin, which, in external sensations, looks like wax.
- The wall and rim is the main visible part of the claw, not too thick, solid.
- The sole is the underside of the claw, which is covered with live skin for almost 1/3 of the length.
In the process of cutting, you need to understand that the claw is a kind of shell that protects large blood vessels and nerve bundles. An analogy with human teeth is appropriate here, they are covered with enamel (hard part), but inside are soft and sensitive. The sensitive, living part of the claw is usually called a pulp or vessel. When clipping nails, it is important to cut off only the keratinized tip, without exposing the soft shell of the pulp and without damaging it.
How to trim your nails
One of the fundamental factors in your pet’s success and safety is mindfulness and focus, so preparation must be approached responsibly. Decide where you will cut your claws. Better to have a non-slip table. Small dogs are clipped on their hands, very large on the floor. In any case, it is recommended to cover the working area with a thick cloth or a non-slip mat.
The second stage of preparation is the correct attitude for both yours and the pet. For your first haircut, it’s best to enlist the help of a family or friend. Your hands will be busy, while the second pair will hold the dog, pat the head, and scratch behind the ear. You, throughout the entire procedure, will speak with the ward in an encouraging tone. Just before a haircut, you need to walk with the dog and play actively. this way the pet will be more relaxed.
A few more rules and useful tips:
- No matter how long the claws of the ward may seem, with regular haircut they will become shorter. the pulp literally recedes into the depth of the claw, allowing it to be shortened.
- Try to regularly inspect your dog’s paws, even if he actively walks and runs, the claws can successfully grow to unnecessary length. If you have a small dog that prefers to sit on his hands than run, clipping his nails is a must.
- Clipping tools are selected based on several factors, but the main one is quality. The blades must be made of hard metal and kept sharp. A blunt claw will not only cut the claw, but can crush it.
- For the first, second and possibly tenth haircut, take it for granted that you cannot trim all the claws in one go.
- If the pet has very hard nails, soak the paws in warm water. this will soften the keratinized plates and, possibly, relax the dog a little.
- Behave confidently, if you worry, the pet will decide that he has a really scary or dangerous procedure.
- And most importantly, never cut your claws if you are not sure where to cut! Contact a groomer or veterinarian who will be able to carry out the procedure due to experience and explain all the details to you.
It’s time to consider some practical tips on how to trim your dog’s black nails. The difficulty is that the darker the claw, the less chance of seeing the pulp. In tetrapods with light claws, it is clearly visible when viewed from the side. Black claws sometimes show through with a flashlight. In rare cases, especially in mongrels, only the claw on the dewclaw is visible.
The landmark for the length of the pulp is the groove on the lateral side of the claw. It is slightly shorter than the pulp. Not all dogs have a furrow, more often in tetrapods with long toes and sharp claws.
Suppose you have not been able to find out how long the pulp is stretching, what to do in this case? There are two ways out:
- Fileing the claws is the best option, allowing (with a persistent approach) to gradually shorten the claws without harm to the dog. With each layer of keratinized tissue removed, the pulp will recede deep into the claw. By removing the hard layer, you will contribute to faster natural abrasion of the nails.
- Cutting off a very thin layer of the claw and grind it with a file is a faster method, which is quite fair if there are grooves on the dog’s claws, that is, you roughly understand where the pulp is, but are not sure.
If your dog has black nails and the length of the pulp is not determined, it is advisable to have hemostatic drugs (wipes, powders) in the first aid kit.
To properly trim nails, you must first familiarize yourself with the anatomical features of the structure. Correct haircut depends on the location of the pulp.
The pulp is a collection of blood vessels and nerve endings. It cannot be touched, otherwise the animal will experience severe painful sensations, bleeding will open from the nail.
On light surfaces of the nail plate, the pulp is clearly visible. Therefore, you can safely cut off the regrown part.
Look carefully for the pulp and cut the nail only at a distance from it, so as not to hurt.
Claws differ depending on the shape:
- bent with a sharp end;
- bent with a blunt end;
- long and straight.
When, during a walk, the four-legged digs the ground and runs along the asphalt paths in the park, the claws are grinded naturally. Mechanical trimming will be required as needed. As they grow up, they begin to interfere with walking and running. Then the pet clubfoot and loses its balance. This can provoke a gradual deformation of the joints, and then to disorders in the musculoskeletal system.
For owners, nail trimming becomes the only salvation. Both from spoiled furniture and from health problems of the pet.
How to properly cut your dog’s nails at home
Trimming your dog’s nails is not just about hygiene, but about taking care of your pet’s health. Failure to pay attention to the paws can result in serious injury. And also provoke problems of the musculoskeletal system. Some breeders prefer to use a veterinarian, but you can trim your nails at home.
- Guillotine claw. Design with lever and anatomically shaped nail hole.
- Clipper pruner. Large scissors with two blades and handles.
- Electric scratching posts. Grinding stone grinds down the nail plate.
- Coarse files.
When buying, you should pay attention to what the tool is made of. It should be steel or brass, chrome plated to prevent rust. To prevent the hand from slipping during the procedure, the handles should be covered with rubber inserts.
When choosing a claw cutter, you need to take into account the size of the pet. There are different models in the assortment, both for small and large breeds.
An electric scratching post can be used to trim the nails of dogs. But the heating from friction and the noise of the device can greatly scare the pet.
In addition to the instruments, before starting the procedure, it is necessary to prepare an antiseptic solution for their treatment. You also need to have styptic powder on hand. If the dog bleeds when cutting the nails, you can quickly stop it.
What to do if bleeding
Injuries during the procedure happen when the owner does not know how to cut the nails. Due to a lack of knowledge of the anatomical structure, there are cases when the trimming angle is violated and the pulp is damaged.
If the dog bleeds, you need to treat it with styptic powder as soon as possible. After that, release the four-legged to rest.
After an injury, it is better to postpone active walks. Wait for the affected area to heal. This will prevent infection.
Indecision in the use of a claw cutter can result in serious injury. This happens when the animal pulls out its paw with all its might and is left without a claw. There is a rupture of soft tissues, blood flows from an open wound. In this case, you need to quickly provide first aid to the suffering pet.
- Soothe with gentle words and stroking.
- Bandage the wrist area tightly and keep the paw as high as possible to prevent blood loss.
- Apply a compress with ice to reduce pain and prevent hematoma formation.
- Examine the wound after bleeding has stopped.
- Treat with alcohol-free antiseptics.
- If the gaps are small, you need to make a strong bandage with wound healing ointment (Ranosan, Levomekol-Vet).
- In the case when the wound is deep and the bleeding does not stop, you should immediately go to the veterinarian. Most likely stitches are required.
Because of the first bad experience, you should not completely abandon pruning at home. A careful study of the material and a careful approach will allow you to independently carry out the procedure without harm to health.
If the claws are black
Trimming your dog’s nails if they are black is difficult but feasible. You have to be very careful. Prepare styptic powder. It is impossible to use alcohol-containing antiseptics for animals, as they increase the pain.
Use a flashlight to illuminate the surface of the nail plate. If the blood vessels are visible, then determine the exact distance and start trimming.
But what is the right thing to do if nothing can be seen? You will have to trim 0.5 mm each and carefully examine the cut. As soon as it becomes a little lighter with a pinkish tint, it means that the pulp is near and it is worth stopping.
You can use a flashlight and shine on the claw. This will help you to see the pulp on the black claw. But this method is suitable if there is a helper who distracts the dog.
All other manipulations take place in the same way as in individuals with light marigolds. Be sure to file with a nail file and praise the four from the heart.
The main feature of the structure of nails in fluffy tetrapods is that the more often pruning occurs before the onset of the pulp, the shorter it becomes. Therefore, if you regularly cut your dog’s black claws, you can completely secure this process.
How often should you cut your nails
It is worth letting your pet run on hard flooring. If you can clearly hear a clatter, then it’s time to cut.
Pets can not only scratch the furniture, but also injure the owner. In large breeds, partial erasure of nails occurs during running. They will need a full pruning every two months. For small breeds, pruning is done more often, once a month.
Is it possible to reduce the frequency of pruning? Depending on how often the regular grooming is done and how often the daily walks take place, the frequency of the haircut will vary. A careful approach will allow you to cut your nails every three months.
In this case, the main thing is not to run. Otherwise, both nails and nerve endings will grow back. Then it will become very difficult to cut claws at home.
Read the instructions before trimming your dog’s nails. You will know what to do, and the pet will remain intact.
- Prepare regular scissors, a handy nail clipper and a nail file. They must be treated with an antiseptic.
- Wash your pet’s paws thoroughly with soap.
- Strap on a leash and play with your dog for a while. Make sure she is friendly.
- Treat your hands with an antiseptic.
- Ask for a paw. Inspect for damage. Use regular scissors to trim off excess hair between the pads.
- Start with the front legs. Examine the surface carefully to find the pulp and not damage it.
- Continue to talk affectionately with your pet, grab your paw tightly and take a nail clipper.
- Place the instrument above the surface at an angle of 45 °, at a distance of 1.5 mm from the pulp.
- You need to cut the dog’s nail with a nail clipper in one confident movement, otherwise the structure of the nail plate may be damaged.
- Be sure to praise and give a treat.
- File the sharp edge of the cut with a nail file.
- Take short breaks if your pet starts to resist.
- After a while, start cutting on your hind legs. This requires the animal to lie on its side.
You can attract someone from the family to distract the four of them with their favorite food. Even if you didn’t manage to cut everything at once, this is already progress. Over time, the pet will get used to it so much that the procedure will take place one, two, and you’re done.
Horrified by the length of the pet’s claws, have you already grabbed the usual scissors? First, stop, and second, do not pull the scissors too far if your pet is long-haired. A dog’s claws are much thicker and stronger than human claws, so set the nippers aside as well. For the care of dogs, special tools have been developed. clippers. However, everything is not so simple here, the tool must be of high quality and correctly selected:
First of all, you are interested in the material from which the clippers are made. at least steel, better. brass (the harder the metal, the slower the blades become dull). The structure must be cast, riveted.
The second thing to pay attention to is the coating of the blades and the shape of the handles. The metal can be chrome-treated (preferred) or untreated (some metals rust)
The handles should fit comfortably in the palm of your hand and be rubberized. Light diaper rash on the palms will cause the smooth plastic handles to slide and slide, and to properly trim your dog’s nails, you need to be confident in every move.
A large number of colorful packages can confuse you when choosing a tool. In addition, you will need a nail file to handle already trimmed nails. Remember, there are only 2 types of claws:
Scissors. similar to pruning shears, there are 2 handles and 2 blades, one straight, the other bent into a hook.
Guillotine shears. design with a claw hole and a lever handle.
Files. usually represented by a wide range of models, have a hard dusting and are graded according to the size of the dog and the stiffness of the claws.
It is worth mentioning the electric (battery or mains powered) scratching posts. The tool is a “base”, at the top of which there is a rod for the nozzle. The attachment is a grinding stone. With the help of an accessory, you can grind your nails to the desired length and shape without having to trim. There are also disadvantages. the price (for the tool and “spare wheels”), noise and heating of the claw from friction. In short, not every dog will appreciate the modernity and convenience of the new technology.
Do dogs need to trim their claws
The house does not have a naturalistic floor covering, to which the paws of any animal are accustomed. For thousands of years of living with humans, a dog has not ceased to be an animal, whose claws must regularly grind on the surface. If you walk on the asphalt and sidewalk for a long time, then the claws will be partially updated, but it is naive to expect that this will solve all the problems.
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The claw grows, the dog feels discomfort when walking and running. If the claws grow too long, they break off easily, sometimes very hard. It already hurts! If a small piece breaks off, there will still be a wound through which infection is possible.
Claws grow constantly, the dog becomes uncomfortable to walk. The owner may not notice gradual changes, but the walking of the animal will gradually change. This is due to the developing deformation of the musculoskeletal system, from the paws to the skeleton.
On the “fifth toe” of dogs’ paws there is a tribute to evolution and ancestors. a rudimentary claw. It is not functional in the dog’s “present”, but it can twist and bite into the skin. It hurts too.
Long claws often exfoliate, break during play. Separately, we add that when communicating with a dog, claws cause discomfort to people, because they can easily injure human skin. If at the same time the claw is broken off, the scratch will be more serious.
Things also deteriorate from contact with regrown and broken claws. The dog’s clatter on the floor can even become annoying. Therefore, the question of whether to trim the dog’s claws will still pop up.
What breeds should you cut your claws on is also a good question. For small breeds, which are worn on hands or pads for most of their lives, claws are trimmed regularly. Poodles, Basset Hounds, Boxers and other medium-sized breeds also need pruning, but less often. Do not disturb dogs with an active lifestyle. Animals that run on hard asphalt for a long time make a wonderful “claw” for themselves.
Disputes about the need for this kind of grooming are ongoing among amateurs and professionals. Despite the obvious explanations, some remain opposed to the procedure. This can partly be attributed to the stress the dog experiences when its paws are treated.
Opponents of dog manicure start having problems. the result of ignoring the need to grind their nails.
So where to start?
First you need to purchase a special nail clipper. Medium (there are options from 200 to 2000). Compare the price with a one-time visit to the veterinarian. obviously, it is much more profitable to trim your nails yourself.
For example, a good version of a nail clipper with a nail file in the kit can be found here. This option is suitable for medium sized dogs. For dogs of small breeds, this model is quite enough. for large dogs you need something more impressive.
Stock up on a treat that your pet loves, especially for the first couple of claws, to create pleasant associations with the procedure.
Since the claws of any breed of dog are recommended to be trimmed every 7-14 days, this investment will pay off very quickly, in addition, it will save you the need to schedule often unpleasant visits to the veterinarian.
The owner of two wonderful cats. Has been engaged in cat grooming and grooming for over 8 years. Constantly improves his knowledge and qualifications, studying with the best masters of Russia and Europe, participating in various master classes, lectures and conferences on grooming and veterinary medicine for cats.
Bronze medalist of the All-Russian competition of grooming “Volgagrum 2018” in Samara in the Open class of pet grooming of cats, winner of the All-Russian competition “Zoosphere 2018” in St. Petersburg in the Open class of pet grooming of cats, silver medalist in pet grooming in the class Champions and silver medalist in show grooming of cats in the Open class of the All-Russian competition of grooming cats “Groomingfest 2018” in the framework of the International exhibition of pet industry Parkzoo in Moscow.
Winner of the All-Russian grooming contest Slavyanskiy uzor 2019 ″ Global GROOM Moscow in the category of salon grooming of cats in the Champion class.
Graduated from the Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology. K. I. Skryabin, constantly increases his knowledge in the field of grooming, participating in various master classes and seminars of the leading groomers of Russia.
The owner of a beautiful Maine Coon cat. Has been in cat grooming for over 2 years. Very calm and attentive master.
Winner of the All-Russian competition of grooming cats “Groomingfest. 2018” in the framework of the International exhibition of pet industry Parkzoo in Moscow in pet grooming of cats in the Beginners class.
Winner of the pet grooming competition for cats in the Open class at the All-Russian competition “Groomingfest 2019”, held within the framework of the International exhibition of pet industry Parkzoo
Preparation and hygiene. what to consider when clipping nails
It’s good if your pet is perfectly obedient, calm and trusts you without boundaries. However, this is a great rarity, usually, upon seeing strange preparations, the ward begins to worry and tries to sneak away from the upcoming procedure. Ideally, a dog should be trained to trim its claws from puppyhood, but we’ll look at a more complicated case. Let’s say you took a pet from a shelter (from the street) or he has already experienced a negative experience associated with shortening claws:
If the dog does not allow to cut its claws, howls, twists, bites, hides, then before the very haircut you should do a few “blank” preparations. That is, you are fully prepared for the procedure or stop without finishing if the pet is very nervous. They laid out the tool, let the dog sniff it, fed it with sweets, caressed it and put everything in the nightstand. At the “dress rehearsals”, and there will be several of them, touch the claws with claws, but do not cut. Praise your pet for endurance and trust, do not regret treats, so you will consolidate the positive emotions associated with clipping tools.
The instrument must be sterile. On a note, the claws from the packaging are not sterile and are rarely clean. Treat the blades with rubbing alcohol, boiling water, or an antiseptic.
If the dog has a long coat, trim it between the toes and around the claws before the procedure.
Wash and wipe your paws well, no need to process with alcohol or antiseptic!
Examine the pads for cuts and abrasions. If there are injuries, be careful and try not to hurt the pet by fixing the paw.
Examine the claws for fungus, cracks, breaks. in the first case, it is worth contacting the veterinarian, in the second, the injured claws are not cut, but filed.
No matter how trite it sounds. wash and treat your hands. Your palms are source of fungi and infections, even if they look clean.
If the pet is unfamiliar with claw cutting, bites, is in pain or is very nervous. fix the ward on a short leash and put on a muzzle.
Choose the right time. if the pet is out of sorts or tired, the additional stress will reinforce negative emotions regarding the procedure.
Possible errors and complications
Errors and complications during the procedure of clipping a dog’s claws are not so rare. Often they are associated with the behavioral characteristics of animals, and with the individual characteristics of the color and anatomical structure of the claws.
In this context, it is important to consider a number of aspects
- If the claws of the animal are painted in a dark color (black claws), which makes it difficult to trim the claws, you should consult a veterinarian. But it is better to visit him and observe his work, as an example for future independent work.
- If the dog jerks sharply and does not allow the procedure to be carried out, then it should be wrapped in a diaper (for small animals). Two people are involved in the procedure. one fixes the dog on his knees, the other frees his paw and starts a haircut.
- If the pet breaks loose and whines, and at the same time its claw bed is clearly not touched, then the dog most likely has a high level of sensitivity. You can purchase a solution of lidocaine, with which a few minutes before clipping the claws, treat the dog’s paw.
- It is useful to record the dates of haircuts in a special dog grooming calendar. This will simplify the process of monitoring the procedures.
- If the existing tool is not able to cope with the thickness of the claw, then you should try to remove the claw with a file.
Open wounds in dogs as a result of the procedures performed should be carefully avoided. If one nevertheless appeared and began to bleed, you cannot allow the pet to hide in a dark corner and self-medicate, licking its wound. The means necessary for the provision of medical care must be prepared in advance and be at hand. It can be a special styptic powder, cornstarch or just a bar of soap, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine for disinfecting a wound, bandages or napkins.
If the injury is minor, then it is simply disinfected with peroxide or chlorhexidine. Often, a special styptic pencil is used, which is pressed against the damaged area of the claw for a few seconds. The pencil helps to form a tight clot that prevents bleeding. In the course of providing first aid, it will not be superfluous to offer the pet some delicacy in order to distract it and prevent negative emotions from becoming attached to the claw cutting procedure.
Improper or careless care of the pet’s claws leads to a number of consequences, often extremely unpleasant.
- The claw grows in. For example, an untreated “fifth toe”, bending over, grows into the pad of the dog’s paw, causing severe pain. Such a claw, breaking the skin, contributes to the entry of infectious bacteria into the wound and the development of fungi. In pain, the animal cannot stand up on its paw.
- The claw bed (panaritium) becomes inflamed. Injuries to fingers, claws or adjacent tissues lead to this disease. At the site of inflammation, purulent swelling occurs. The animal’s body temperature rises, appetite decreases. Unpleasant odors emanate from the injured paw, the wound begins to fester intensively.
- The claws break off, causing very painful conditions. This occurs when the claw is too long, which, with sudden movements, clinging to the surface, can break off and disrupt the integrity of the blood vessel. This usually results in severe bleeding.
In some cases, dog owners can heal the emerging painful conditions on their own. So, with early inflammation of the nail bed, it is quite possible to regularly antiseptic wounds with a solution of chlorhexidine. In this case, it is useful to apply wound-healing dressings, which must be periodically changed and monitored for their safety. A special veterinary cap can be used until the wound has healed.
When caring for an animal, you should always remember that untimely or careless trimming of claws in animals is fraught with consequences such as:
- disorders in the development of joints;
- negative and irreversible changes in the setting of the paws;
- deformity in the gait and, as a result, in the pet’s spine;
- constant pain;
- long-term illnesses.
Sometimes, in order to save the life of a pet, you have to do claw removal operations. These indications include the following:
- ingrown claws. complicated cases;
- abnormal development of the claw, fused claws;
- the occurrence of gangrene and other serious consequences;
- serious injuries and inflammations, frostbite and burns;
- oncological processes.
And also remove the so-called wolf’s claw (“dewclaw”). rudimentary claws. Operations are in accordance with breed standards. In developed countries, the operation is condemned by human rights defenders.
For information on how to trim the nails of a dog at home, see the next video.
Cutting claws for cats and cats
Clipping of claws in cats is done for fear that the cat may injure the owner or another pet, ruin the furniture, clinging to the claw, and injure itself. There is no physiological need for clipping cats.
Cutting the claws of a cat is done with scissors, a guillotine clipper or a nail clipper-grinder.
Pet owners are often nervous during the procedure, transmitting excitement to the pet. This leads to injury and, as a result, to the fear of clipping the nails. Therefore, it is better to entrust the procedure to professionals. An experienced veterinarian will calm the animal, fix the paw correctly, cut the claws quickly and without unnecessary nerves.
Tips and Warnings
Clipping the claws is a very important procedure. If you do not follow the claws, they will grow endlessly and cause inconvenience to both the dog and the owner.
Not every dog can grind its claws while walking. decorative breeds are most often found on the street a little and far from on the surface where claws are naturally grinded. Of course, grown claws are not only a problem for decorative breeds, but large or medium-sized breeds of dogs can suffer from overly long claws.
Untimely claw trimming can threaten the dog:
- Joint developmental disorders;
- Cause irreversible changes in paw position;
- Change in gait;
- Become the cause of constant pain.
The gradually growing claw can grow inward, causing inflammation and infection of the wound, and this can threaten the pet’s life. An ingrown claw is a very painful condition that can only be treated by a veterinarian through surgery to remove the ingrown claw.
If the dog is very nervous about the clipping procedure, panics and does not even allow to pick up his paw, it is worth contacting the veterinarian. in the veterinary clinic the dog will be sedated and quickly and accurately cut the claws.
How many claws do dogs have
Dogs usually have 4 claws on each paw, as there are the same number of toes. It is not uncommon for animals to have a fifth. In pedigree puppies, it is usually stopped 3-5 days after birth. But if this was not done, there is also a claw on the finger, which means that it will need to be cut.
Shortly cut and blemished the nail: how to help
If the plate was cut short, the dog jerked, this can also injure the soft tissues of the finger, and here you need to:
- pull the paw in the area of the metatarsus with a tourniquet;
- lift it up to stop bleeding;
- apply cold (ice, meat from the freezer, wrapped in a cloth) to relieve pain and blood;
- rinse with lidocaine or novocaine to remove the sensations inevitable in case of serious injury;
- contact your veterinarian for further advice as wound stitching may be required.
After rendering assistance, it is impossible to continue the procedure, this will cause an even stronger fear in the animal. After injury, it needs caress and treat.
Rules for the procedure and recommendations on how to trim the nails of a dog
It is necessary to cut the claws of the dog from 1.5-2 weeks of age, or at least from the moment when the puppy begins to walk, if they interfere. To do this, use a clipper, “guillotine” or file. The plate is cut, leaving 1-1.5 mm to the pulp, making the edge at a 45 degree angle. Normally, the claws should be at least 2 mm from the floor.
The procedure is performed every 3 weeks or every 1-3 months, depending on the activity of the animal. Its cost from a veterinarian is 150-1500 rubles. If the dog is large, resists during trimming, and you need to use a sedative, the price is maximum.
How to cut a dog’s claws when
To cut the regrown claws of the dog you need:
- because they can cause joint diseases, injuries;
- from 10-14 days of age of puppies, or at least when the baby started to walk, and it is obvious that the claws are in the way;
- special scissors, matched to the size of the animal, or a file;
- with subsequent grinding of the edges, if a claw or “guillotine” was used;
- every 2 weeks or every 1-3 months, so that there is at least 2 mm between the edge of the plate and the floor;
- when the dog is healthy, recently eaten and walked, not scared.
It should be borne in mind that the animal may have five toes instead of four.
Do I need to cut and why
You need to cut claws for a domestic dog for several reasons:
- most of the time, animals spend at rest, so the plates on the fingertips do not grind off naturally, but grow rather quickly;
- too large claws impede the correct position of the paws when walking, from which joints, bones, blood vessels suffer, and the dog begins to feel pain, lose balance and fall during movement;
- they can grow into soft tissues, which also causes discomfort to the animal, and can cause an infection on the finger;
- long claws are an additional factor of injury, as they cling to objects when walking, especially when running;
- on a hard surface (parquet, laminate, even a wooden floor) when the dog moves, a clatter is heard, which can irritate it and interfere with the owner.
In general, the need to cut claws is more related to the health and comfort of the animal, and not the convenience for its owner.
We recommend that you read about what to do if your dog has damaged a claw. From the article you will learn about the causes of injuries on the front and hind legs, symptoms of a broken claw, first aid.
And here is more about what to do if a dog has cracked paws.
At what age can
The procedure can be performed from 10-14 days of age, since by this moment the baby’s claws become so long that they scratch the mother’s belly during feeding. For example, dachshund puppies are ready for pruning as early as 10 days after birth, since plates grow faster in small breed dogs than in large ones.
That is, if the baby is 2 months old, the claws need to be cut after regrowth. During this period, the correct position of the paws is formed, which is important for the further formation of the skeleton, muscles, and canine health in general.
An adult dog does not give, is afraid, bites: what to do
When an adult dog does not allow cutting its claws, it bites, resists because it is afraid, you need to do the following:
- put tools in front of her so that the dog sniffs them and stops being afraid;
- ask him to give a paw, or gently take it in your palm yourself;
- touch the claw with the tool;
- if the animal is calm, cut off the plate and give a treat;
- continue the procedure if the dog behaves normally;
- postpone trimming the next claw until tomorrow if she gets nervous.