home Dogs How to cut a dog’s nails at home

How to cut a dog’s nails at home

How to choose a nail clipper?

Experts recommend buying specialized pliers-nippers (clippers), structurally adapted specifically for dogs. At the same time, you should not choose models from the most affordable and cheapest products. If you value your dog’s health, then the tool must meet high quality requirements and meet the individual characteristics of the pet. Therefore, when choosing a nail clipper, you should be guided by the following recommendations:

  • pay attention to the material from which the tool is made (best of all, steel or brass);
  • structurally, the model must be cast, and its joints must be riveted;
  • the coating of the blades is better in the chrome version, otherwise the tool will begin to rust;
  • the handles of the product should be rubberized and comfortable, since the procedure is not quick, and bare metal is inconvenient;
  • it is desirable that the tool fully corresponds to the size of the claws and the characteristics of the breed.

There are three types of claws for small, medium and large dogs. Versatile devices are also produced, suitable for dogs of different sizes. However, they are not entirely reliable. Therefore, it is important to select a nail clipper, guided by the individual parameters of the animal.

Why do you need a haircut?

The dog’s nails should be on average 2–8 mm apart from the floor. Excessive length of the claws will cause discomfort to the animal, provoke diseases of the claws and joints in animals. Therefore, dogs living in apartments, deprived of the ability to naturally grind their claws on hard surfaces, naturally have inconveniences associated with their growth. Long claws break off, often causing severe pain to the animal. In this case, an untreated wound often causes inflammation.

Running claws interfere with the dog’s movement, lead to articular deformities, and sometimes the spine and skeleton. In addition, the rudimentary process growing on the “fifth finger” of the hind limb twists and, cutting into the skin, causes acute pain to the animal.

Unkempt claws break and exfoliate, and their sharp edges can injure children during play or training. Likewise, dogs can ruin furniture, things, or elegant flooring, while clattering strongly when walking.

Anatomical features of the claws

Before starting the procedure for trimming the dog’s nails, it will be useful to make sure what type in their shape they are. There are three types, such as:

  • nails curved, arched, moderately hard;
  • straight (analogue of hare), more elongated than the first and often sharp;
  • slightly curved, with slightly curved cat-like ends.

Important! For the most part, the first and third types of claws are possessed by dogs of service breeds. The second type is more typical for decorative breeds.

The device of all dog claws is fundamentally the same. From the outside, they are covered with a keratin sheath (visible part). The keratin coating is constantly growing and it is precisely this that needs to be trimmed. The inner part is called the claw bed, in which the blood vessel and nerve fibers are located, it is extremely undesirable to touch them during the cutting process. This can seriously injure the animal.

The peculiarity of the claw vessel is that it develops together with the claw. The larger the claw, the longer and closer to the end of the claw the vessel becomes. This can be avoided by grooming your pet regularly. The cat’s claw vessel is clearly visible. With dogs, the situation is somewhat more complicated, since their claws can be light and dark. In the latter case, the vessel is practically invisible.

The claws should be trimmed 2-3 mm below the location of the vessel. Dark claws have to be shortened more carefully. no more than 0.5–0.7 mm in one “step”, so as not to accidentally harm the pet. Thus, the main goal when treating a dog’s claws is not to touch the inner content (claw bed) of the claw, otherwise the dog will experience pain. With constant care for your pet, the length of the nail pulp is shortened depending on the frequency of the procedure.

Therefore, subsequent procedures are gradually becoming easier and safer.

Procedure execution

When accustoming your pet to claw trimming, you should start gradually, with one or two plates. The instruments used must be disinfected in advance. Before the procedure, it is advisable to give the pet the opportunity to sniff the instruments, get to know them. At home, to properly trim the claws of an animal, whether it is a puppy or an adult, means following a systematic, step-by-step instruction that provides the least protest of dogs of any breed.

  • Prepare all the tools and tools that may be needed during the trimming process. These include a nail clipper, a set of cotton swabs and cotton pads, and blood-stopping agents and antiseptic compounds. Dog treats should also be available to treat the animal in case it starts to worry.
  • Choose the right moment for trimming when it is more convenient to trim the claws of the animal. it is in a good mood or relaxed. If the pet is agitated, scared, or there are strangers in the apartment, the procedure should be abandoned.
  • The same applies to the choice of location. It is better to choose a comfortable sofa, an armchair or sit on the floor at home. The place should be well lit. As a rule, pruning is more profitable after a vigorous walk, when the animal is inclined to rest and relaxation. Before that, the dog should be fed. You should not raise your voice to her, making you worry. The calmness of the owner is well transmitted to the pet.

When the preparatory stages are passed, you can proceed directly to the procedure, guided by the following recommendations:

  • if the breed of the dog is long-haired, then first you should remove the hairs in the area of ​​the claws, as well as rinse and thoroughly wipe the limbs;
  • examine the paw and determine the place of the first incision;
  • securely fix the selected claw with your fingers and determine the claw bed that cannot be touched;
  • cut the claw to the length of the selected step, slightly higher than the nerves and blood vessel are;
  • in the process and after cutting off a part of the claw, evaluate the behavior of the pet and treat him with a treat;
  • if the plate is cut unevenly, then it will have to be filed and small burrs removed using a nail file, without stopping the soothing communication with the pet;
  • perform the procedure first with the front, and then with the hind legs, doing this in two stages sequentially, but with a break;
  • if living tissue was affected, then the animal should be reassured;
  • if during the procedure the pet shows excessive aggression, howls or moans strongly, then it is better to take him to the veterinarian or try again on his own another time.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home?

Dog manicure is useful not only from the aesthetic side. This procedure is absolutely necessary from a medical point of view. The normal development of the claws of the animal preserves its health, contributing to the preservation of the correct gait and setting of the paws, the development of muscles, joints, spine and bones. Long claws interfere with the correct development of the dog, interfere with walking. This can lead to the most serious deviations and diseases.

Required tools

Traditional scissors or clippers for shortening the claws of dogs are not suitable because, especially in adults of large breeds, the claws are large and strong. An improperly selected tool can contribute to splitting or delamination of the claw. For these purposes, there are special claws, which are divided into the following groups:

  • special scissors made of solid and durable metal with a reinforced structure;
  • special nippers;
  • guillotines.

Important! For large individuals, large tools are used, usually guillotines. For small breeds, use specialized tools.

The corresponding tools are made of high quality stainless steel or have a non-slip coating. It is better to choose handles that are ergonomic, comfortable to prevent awkward movements and injuries. The blades must be sharpened to a high quality, without chips, notches and uneven edges. Often, the process of trimming claws with a nail clipper is replaced by grinding using a special grinding machine. Such machines, vibrating, make a lot of noise, which can frighten the animal more than any other instrument.

Sawdust of claws requires more time and patience than pruning, and not every animal can sit in one place for a long time. In addition, with this method, there is a possibility of the dog getting an injury to the pad, which is more dangerous than an injury from a nail clipper. For these reasons, preparing for circumcision requires an individual and thoughtful approach.

It is important that the indicated procedure is not associated by the pet with frightening or threatening objects. Otherwise, the procedure will become painful for both the pet and its owner.

In addition to cutting tools, when caring for the claws, files will also be needed to smooth out the defects in the plates obtained during their trimming. Files are produced in manual and electric versions. Usually, electrical devices are supplied with nozzles of various hardness, which are easily inserted into the rotating head of the device. It is convenient to use such a device by grinding the claws and giving them the required shape. The average price of a quality nail clipper ranges from 700-900 rubles. (there are models up to 2000 rubles.).

If we compare the cost of a one-time visit to the veterinarian, then the benefits of self-carrying out the procedure becomes obvious.


Problematic moments that arise during the procedure for clipping claws in animals, as a rule, relate to two aspects:

  • the dog is afraid of the procedure, breaks loose, bites and does not allow him to do the necessary;
  • during the procedure, the dog suffered a dangerous injury.

To avoid problems, it is important to follow the following tips and rules:

  • you do not need to trim until you have examined the plate thoroughly; if the hairs interfere with the inspection, then they need to be cut;
  • if the animal is restless, then an assistant will not interfere; he should position himself behind the dog and securely hold its neck, fixing the head, and with the other hand you need to hold its limb; this method of holding a pet is reliable and is used in extreme cases, with excessive mobility of the animal;
  • it is important to teach your pet to this procedure from an early age. puppies are more likely to adapt to innovations;
  • plates on the hind limbs are convenient to handle when the pet is lying; the dog should be laid on a flat surface and asked to hold it by someone;
  • you should not raise your voice during the procedure. the animal should feel completely safe;
  • a small hollow located on the lateral side can become a reference point for the approximate location of the vessel in a dog with dark claws; experts advise focusing on it and trimming carefully, leaving a small margin;
  • the use of alcohol solutions, other alcohol-containing antiseptics for injury, increase the feeling of pain, which is why specialists prefer to treat wounds with special antiseptic powder;
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Delayed squeezing of the claw cutter during the cutting process simultaneously with an accidental sharp jerk can lead to serious injury to the paw. tearing of the skin and soft tissues; in this case, you should adhere to the following actions:

  • the injured paw must be quickly bandaged with a bandage or tourniquet in the metatarsal area, raise the paw up to slow bleeding;
  • put cold, ice pack, food from the freezer on the injured paw;
  • open wounds are best treated with lidocaine;
  • if the wound is significant, then the gap must be sutured, contacting a specialist for help;
  • you should not cut the plates at once to the entire possible length at a time. dark claws are cut by about 0.5 mm in 1 “step”, and when the cut becomes lighter, the trimming should be stopped;
  • Before applying ice to the wound, it must be put in a bag and wrapped with a thin cloth, which will relieve the animal from hypothermia; keeping the cold on the injured limb for a long time is not worth it.

When visiting a veterinary clinic, where your dog was given a sedative before the required procedure, ask the veterinarian to trim her nails at the same time; usually veterinarians will comply with such a request free of charge.

How often to trim?

Novice dog breeders are often interested in how often they need to cut their claws and whether there is a need to change the scissors for other devices. For proper care of the nail plates, they should be shortened at least once every 2 weeks.

Usually, experienced dog breeders will carry out the procedure based on the results of visual inspection and an estimate of the size of the claws. The crux of the matter is that the intensity of the growth of the plates depends on the breed of the animal, its size, the resulting loads and age. With frequent and intensive walking of pets, the plates are grinded, so the trimming procedure is performed less often.

In addition to this, there are a number of hint signs. So, if the dog’s gait has changed and there are noticeable difficulties in walking, then the time for caring for the claws has come. An observant and attentive owner of his pet will always understand this.

Stages of the procedure

To properly trim your dog’s nails, you need to use the following instructions:

  • Carefully examine the pet’s nails and determine the location of the cut. Optimally, if the distance to the pulp is at least 2 mm.
  • If the beginning of the sensitive area is not visible, you should start trimming the nail plate starting from the very tip.
  • Take the dog’s paw in your hand and fix it securely.
  • Position the nail clipper at a 45 degree angle, carefully cut.
  • File nails to a smooth surface to prevent delamination.
  • Praise and reward your pet with a treat.

Some animals find it difficult to remain motionless for a long time. In such cases, the pet will need to be given a break to recuperate. Each time you will be able to cut more and more nails, and as a result, the whole procedure can be performed at one time.

Basic Rules

It is necessary to accustom the animal to the procedure even at the age of the puppy. So it will be easier for the dog to get used to it and in the future it will behave fun and relaxed during the trimming of the nail plate. Some difficulties may arise if you first cut the claws of an adult dog. In such cases, he can break free and whine plaintively.

There are some rules for how to cut a dog’s nails to reduce discomfort:

  • It is necessary to carefully examine the dog’s paws, if hair grows between the toes, it should first be cut with scissors with rounded tips to free access to the nails. In addition, these extra hairs are a place of accumulation of dirt, so removing hair from the paw pads will reduce the likelihood of infection.
  • A dog’s claw consists of two parts. a strong outer shell and an inner sensitive pulp, which consists of blood vessels and nerve endings. If the pulp is damaged, bleeding will begin. Therefore, you need to carefully consider where the sensitive zone begins, so as not to hurt the animal. The location of the pulp is much better visible on the white transparent nails, in the case of black nails, it may be necessary to go to the veterinarian for the first procedure.
  • Trimming the hard part of the nail will be easier if you trim immediately after washing your paws.
  • The owner must remain calm, talk to the animal affectionately.
  • It is easier to carry out the procedure if the dog is lying on an elevated position. If the animal is on the floor, a helper may be required to grip it tightly around the neck and support the paw. Pet owners sometimes have difficulty trimming their hind nails. To do this, you will need to lay the animal on its side, and to facilitate access to the claws, you can press on the pad of your fingers.

During the procedure, you need to carefully examine the dog’s paws, if cracks, calluses, minor injuries are detected, hygienic treatment of the damaged surfaces should be carried out.


To properly cut the claws of a dog, you need to prepare the necessary tools and medications in advance. The set should consist of the following elements:

The owner needs to prepare the dog’s favorite treat in advance. It will help distract the animal’s attention during the procedure and will be a pleasant reward at the end of the process.

An important nuance is to be patient and choose the best time for a haircut. It is optimal if the dog has just eaten or returned home after a long walk. In this state, he will not be able to actively resist your actions.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home

The dog’s nails will naturally grind against asphalt and other hard surfaces. However, not all pets walk outside for a sufficient amount of time, in winter the ground is covered with snow, in addition, the animal has dewclaws that cannot sufficiently grind on their own. That is why the pet owner must carry out the nail trimming procedure. To do this, you need to know how to properly trim the nails of a dog at home and not hurt her.

The importance of the process

A dog’s long claws can grow into the skin, causing soreness and soreness. Such injuries pose a potential danger, because there is a risk of infection during a walk and further paw suppuration.

Nail plates that are too long often break and affect the dog’s gait. An animal with long claws has to put its paws crooked, which affects the condition of the joints and ligaments. The most dangerous consequences of untimely nail cutting are blood poisoning or curvature of the skeleton.

But the long claws of the pet are dangerous for the owner. A dog can inadvertently injure a person, ruin furniture or carpets in the house. That is why, as soon as you hear the clatter of paws while the dog moves around the apartment, you should carry out a hygienic procedure.

How often does a dog need to trim their nails at home? Adult dogs need pruning every 4 weeks, for puppies this period can be increased to 6 weeks.

Treatment of wounds

If you accidentally touch the pulp and bleeding begins, you should calm the animal, and then treat the wound:

  • Wash the damaged area with hydrogen peroxide or iodine.
  • Apply a weak solution of potassium permanganate to a cotton pad or gauze cut and apply to the wound. Hold for at least a minute.
  • Press the powder to the tip of the nail and hold until the bleeding stops completely.
nails, home

It is advisable not to let the dog near the water on this day, so that he does not bring infection into a fresh wound.

If you regularly trim your nails, the pulp gradually recedes, which simplifies the process and reduces the likelihood of injury to the animal. Sometimes the pet is given a sedative before the procedure or in case of serious damage to sensitive tissues. Prescribing such drugs should be handled by a veterinarian.

Do all dogs need to trim their nails?

Yes, almost all dogs need to have their nails cut. Small breeds (Yorkshire Terrier, Chihuahua, Spitz, French Bulldog, Pug, Papillon, etc.) spend most of their lives in the arms of their owners or on cushions. Therefore, cutting their nails should become an obligatory and regular procedure for them. This rule also applies to dogs of medium breeds (poodle, basset hound, boxer, etc.). The only exception can be very active dogs, spending several hours every day on the street, running on a hard asphalt surface and grinding their claws in this way.

Why cut a dog’s claws

Dogs living in houses and apartments are deprived of the natural ability to grind their claws on hard surfaces. Even long walks on paved paths and sidewalks do not give the desired effect. Claws grow, causing a lot of discomfort and inconvenience to the animal.

Too long claws can break off. sometimes very hard, causing pain to the dog. And sometimes a little, completely imperceptible, which is also dangerous, since an untreated wound can cause serious inflammation.

How to Trim Dog Nails. The RIGHT Way

Growing claws interfere with walking, which over time can lead to deformation of the joints of the paws, spine and the entire skeleton. The rudimentary claw growing on the “fifth toe” of the hind paw tends to curl, digging into the dog’s skin and causing it severe pain.

Long claws can break and flake off. In the process of communicating and playing with the owners, and especially with children, the dog can do harm. severely scratch with sharp broken claws. In the same way, an animal can inadvertently ruin furniture or flooring, things. In addition to physical and aesthetic inconveniences, the dog will constantly annoy with strong “clatter” on the floor.

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What you need to know for this

The surest solution would be to entrust your pet to a veterinarian or professional groomer. Claws should be cut at least once every three to four weeks. It all depends on the individual characteristics and conditions of keeping the dog. Unfortunately, not everyone and not always have such an opportunity. But, you can learn to do it yourself at home. The procedure, although it requires preparation and some knowledge, is actually simple. Ask your veterinarian to explain to you all the features of a haircut and show you exactly how it is done. One or two times will be enough. You will learn how to cut your nails correctly and understand how to behave with your dog during the procedure.

If you decide not to resort to outside help even for the first time, carefully prepare for the procedure. First you need to find out how the claws are arranged, how they grow and how to properly trim large claws for a dog with a special claw cutter.

The claws are not just a keratinized part of the body. Unlike human nails, they have a large blood vessel. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that it grows with the claw. And the longer you do not cut them, the longer and closer to the tip it will be. With regular shortening of the claws, the vessel also contracts. It can be clearly seen in cats. With dogs it is a little more difficult. in the light claws you can see a dark red tube, in the black ones it is completely invisible. It is necessary to cut the claw 2-3 mm lower than the vessel is visible, since it may turn out to be longer than it seems at first glance. Therefore, black claws will have to be cut quite a bit, no more than 1 mm at a time, constantly checking if the claw has lightened and if you have crept up to the vessel.

Tool for clipping dog nails

  • special scissors made of solid metal with a reinforced structure;
  • nippers;
  • guillotines.

The larger your pet, the larger the tool should be. For small breeds, specialized scissors are also suitable, but for large dogs it is better to choose guillotines.

Dog nail clippers should be of good stainless or coated metal. The handles should be ergonomic (comfortable in the hand), rubberized or with any non-slip coating to avoid accidental movements and, accordingly, injuries. Special attention should be paid to the quality of sharpening. The blades must be absolutely sharp, with smooth edges, without chips or notches, capable of cutting off a thick claw in one motion.


Trimming your dog’s nails at home should be taken very seriously. Inappropriate actions can cause harm, both physical and mental.

A few days before you plan on grooming, start building tactile contact with your pet. Teach him not to be afraid of your touch on the paws, on the pads. Squat down next to the dog several times a day to be about the same level with him. Stroke your paws, while playing, take them in your hands, touch the pads and claws. The dog should not feel danger from such touching.

Choose a moment when the animal is calm, well-fed and contented. Before you start cutting claws, you need to satisfy all the pet’s needs. to walk it. A dog that is tired after a walk will react more calmly. This is especially true for active breeds and puppies. Try to provide a comfortable environment for the dog, pet, talk, calm down, and only then proceed directly to the procedure.


Instead of clippers, you can try using a nail sander. But this tool also has its drawbacks. The machine makes noise, which can irritate the dog. Claw sawdust takes much longer than trimming and not every dog ​​is able to sit still for that long. There is a risk of injury to the pad. And this is a much more serious and longer healing injury than from a claw. If there is an opportunity to purchase both, you can practically understand which method is more suitable for your dog. In any case, the choice of tool is entirely yours.

And here are some examples of such machines:

First aid

Unfortunately, no one is immune from injury, especially novice dog owners. Your hand trembled, the dog jerked sharply, or the cut length was incorrectly calculated and your pet will need help. That is why the materials required for its provision must also be prepared in advance and be at hand. This can be a special styptic powder, regular cornstarch or a simple bar of soap, hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine to disinfect a wound, bandages or wipes.

If after cutting the claws the dog bleeds, do not let the pet escape and run away from you. Try to calm him down, pet, pat on the chest (this is the center of pleasure for the dog). At the same time, begin to very gently sprinkle the wound with powder or rub with a cotton swab until the bleeding stops. If you are using starch, sprinkle on the wound, as rubbing in can aggravate the situation and cause even more harm.

For minor damage, you can simply disinfect the wound with peroxide or chlorhexidine. You can also use a styptic pencil, which is pressed against the affected area of ​​the claw for a few seconds and forms a dense clot that prevents further bleeding.

During the first aid, offer the dog something tasty, try to distract him from what is happening as much as possible so that negative emotions are not entrenched in the claw cutting process. Try to keep the dog calm and calm for 15-20 minutes, so as not to provoke repeated bleeding.

If the pet reacts aggressively to the attempt to examine the wounded paw, the bleeding is too strong, or 15 minutes after the clipping of the claws, the dog continues to bleed. immediately seek help from the veterinarian!

Why cut your dog’s nail?

In order to understand why an animal should cut nails, it is worthwhile to deepen into anatomy. During active movement, the upper edge of the dog’s nail touches the support surface. Thus, it is erased and takes on a certain shape. In the event that the erasure of the nail is insufficient, then its shape may be distorted. This happens when walking on a soft, slippery surface or when walking for a short time.

Elongated nails are the cause of the violation of the shape of the phalanx of the finger. This will result in improper placement of the paws and lead to damage or injury. As a rule, animals with uncut nails are often prone to sprains and arthritic changes in the limbs.

With crooked fingers, a violation of the slope of the metacarpus, incorrect grinding of the nails occurs. This can make the situation worse. Dewclaws, where the nails do not wear off, can grow several times the required length. Thus, they will bend inward and cut into the pads of the fingers. The animal will experience pain and may also suffer from infection in the wound.

Important: The length of the nail is especially important. Long ones are capable of breaking, losing strength. If a nail is broken, bleeding may occur. If the animal oozes blood for a long time during the breakage of the claw, you should urgently consult a veterinarian.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home?

Most pet owners carry out a procedure such as claw removal at home. From a financial point of view, it is economical. But what is the right way to learn how to trim the claws of a pet? In order to prepare, it is worth putting in front of you:

  • cotton pads;
  • potassium permanganate solution;
  • any disinfectant, such as peroxide or alcohol.
  • clipper.

A solution of potassium permanganate may be needed only if you touch a living place and blood will flow. Potassium permanganate will allow you to treat the wound. But if you follow all the rules, this should not happen. It will be useful to take treats or your pet’s favorite toy. This will help distract your pet from the unpleasant procedure.

It is necessary to accustom an animal to a haircut from a young age. If you decide to do this at home, then the pet should be explained why you are doing this and how quickly you will finish.

How to trim a dog’s nails: steps

  • You need to seat the animal. Take his paw and fix it. In order for the dog not to pull out its paws, it is necessary from a young age to teach the pet to endure touching the claw.
  • You need to lock the finger that you will cut first. Do not touch the interdigital spaces. The animal can reflexively move its limbs, which can lead to your careless actions. Draw the border of the pulp in your mind by examining the claw carefully.
  • Trim the small tip gently. If the pet is calmly going through the clipping, continue in the same spirit.

When and how to properly cut a dog’s claws?

This is an ordinary procedure, subject to all safety rules, the pet and the owner will not have any problems. It is not recommended to trim if the animal:

  • hungry, and also just ate;
  • looks tired, for example, after a walk;
  • sick;
  • behaves restlessly.

You need to choose a time when your pet is calm and healthy. After the walk, feed the animal and start the procedure after an hour. It is worth noting that claws grow differently for each breed. Therefore, one pet may need to put its paws in order after two weeks, and another. once every two months.

How to trim nails at home?

  • Scissors can work well for skilled dog breeders. If this is the first time you are planning to cut the nails of an animal, this option will not work for you.
  • The clipper resembles a guillotine. It has a claw hole. The option will be convenient for the owner who can quickly press the handle. For those pet owners who take too long to think about this process, the clipper will not work, as the dog will run away at this time.
  • The tongs are the perfect pet grooming tool for beginners. They work with a scissor mechanism. The main thing is to correctly place the claw between the blades.

For large dog breeds, it is recommended to opt for tongs or scissors. For decorative and small breeds, nail clippers will be suitable.

Tips for trimming your dog’s nails

Almost all dog breeders sooner or later come to the idea of ​​how to cut their nails on their own. It is difficult to carry out the procedure qualitatively. It should be understood that the nail plate is located outside, which has keratinized tissue. There is a sensitive place inside it. this is the pulp. It contains many vessels and nerves. If you touch it, then bleeding will occur.

How to Trim Your Dog’s Nails at Home �� STEP BY STEP WITH TIPS

  • If your pet has light nails. Then the pulp is translucent and has a reddish tint. This way you will be able to complete your haircut without any problems.
  • If the animal has dark claws, that is, it will not be possible to see this area. Therefore, you will have to cut at random. gradually.
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If the claws are clipped to the pet regularly, but in any breed, the pulp will recede over time, which will facilitate the clipping process. For the first time any breeder will advise you to trim your nails in a grooming salon. Having looked once how this is done, the second time you can proceed to an independent action plan.

How to cut a dog’s claws: how to cut claws

The main thing for the dog and its owner is proper pet care. One of the skills that every pet owner has to learn is claw trimming. From theoretical knowledge, sooner or later you will have to move on to practice. This article describes in detail how to properly trim your dog’s nails. Helpful tips and a step-by-step description will help you make this process quick and painless at home.

Preparing to trim your nails

  • The length of your pet’s claws should be such that they do not touch the floor when walking. If you hear a characteristic clatter, it’s time to get to work.
  • In summer, when the dog often walks on the asphalt, the claws grind off by themselves. Therefore, they often do not need to be cut. In winter, on the contrary, the processing of the claws will have to be carried out more often.
  • It is necessary to trim not only the main, but also the lateral claws on the dewclaws.
  • It is necessary to teach the puppy to trim the claws from the very childhood, so that he does not worry and does not get nervous in the future. From time to time, take the puppy in your arms and run it along the paws with a nail clipper. So he will get used to it and will no longer worry about cutting.
  • On different fingers, the claws are also different. Therefore, approach each claw individually. Don’t cut them to the same length.
  • Take a nail clipper, read the instructions carefully. Try how it works, practice on some twigs, gain confidence in your hands.
  • Pre-prepare not only the necessary instruments, but also, just in case, a disinfectant liquid, potassium permanganate and cotton pads, so that in case of damage to the pulp, immediately treat the wound. If this happens, do not panic, behave calmly, otherwise your excitement will quickly be transmitted to the pet, and he will not let you handle your finger. This can even happen to an experienced dog breeder.

Well, now let’s move on to the most important point.

Nail clippers

I just want to give a few tips when choosing this important hygiene tool:

  • Take a high quality stainless steel tool straight away. They last a long time and do not rust.
  • To prevent the tool from slipping out during processing, the handles must be rubberized.

I use such a Clipper nail clipper and a Zinger hard nail file.

Why cut claws

It is imperative to take care of your pet’s claws. This procedure is not only cosmetic, but also medical in nature. There are several reasons why this procedure is necessary:

  • Long claws are very dangerous for the dog itself. When combing, she can scratch herself severely.
  • Long claws are dangerous because during intense running or games, your pet can accidentally rip or break off the claw. This is fraught with severe bleeding, pain and infection.
  • Long claws can interfere with your pet’s paw position. When walking, the four-legged will try to bend its paw so that the claws do not touch the asphalt or the ground, in order to avoid pain. You may not immediately notice this, but in the future, such an incorrect step can lead to joint diseases.
  • If you do not treat the dog’s claws in a timely manner, over time they can grow into the flesh, and this is already fraught with a serious operation.
  • With his long claws, your friend can not only ruin furniture in the house, but also scratch you during outdoor games.
  • As your four-legged claw grows, so does the pulp inside. If you trim the claws regularly, the pulp will retreat more and more to their base. The less often you do this, the more likely it is that the pulp will grow very strongly. Then this procedure will become very difficult, because you will not be able to cut off enough claw to make the pet comfortable.

The structure of the dog’s claws

An animal’s claw is approximately the same as a human tooth. Yes, yes. a tooth that, unlike our teeth, is constantly growing. Inside the very hard shell of the claw is a delicate pulp, consisting of many blood vessels and nerve endings.

If the dog has transparent claws, then it will not be difficult to determine the location of the pulp. But many dogs tend to have dark nails, making it much more difficult to find the edge of the pulp.

If your pet has dark claws, and you cut off a lot of claws when cutting, you can damage the pulp and injure your pet. To prevent this from happening, you need to gradually, in several stages, cut off the claw millimeter by millimeter.

How to cut a dog’s claws

Sooner or later, any dog ​​breeder is looking for an answer to the question: how to cut a dog’s claws? And also: do it yourself or entrust it to specially trained people? How to do it? Of course, this fate has not escaped me either. Jack and I have been through this for a long time, and today I will try to tell you how to carry out such a procedure on our own.

Keeping a pet properly is not an easy task. Some of the manipulations associated with caring for a dog will be very enjoyable and positive. Others, on the other hand, will cause unpleasant emotions in your furry friend. So, claw cutting is just one of the procedures that will not please him.

As a rule, the treatment of claws causes fear not only in the dog, but also in its owner. And that’s okay. The procedure is very delicate, requiring skill and careful preparation. Over time, your fear will go away, only a good skill will remain. You shouldn’t show your pet that you are worried too. Be persistent (but careful), bring the job to the end, and then reward your tailed beast with a treat.

How to cut a dog’s claws correctly

  • Cut off at an angle of 45% the upper part of the claw.
  • Then, carefully, at the same angle, cut off the sharp edges on the sides.
  • Next, we grind down all the burrs and sharp edges with a nail file.

Take your time while trimming. Even if your pet has transparent nails and you can clearly see the pulp, still cut off no more than 2-3 mm at a time. Better to be on the safe side than hurting the animal.

If the dog has dark nails, then it is worth cutting off by 1-2 mm. If a dark spot appears in the center of the claw, immediately stop the procedure and process the claw.

The photo shows the beginning of processing and its result. With such claws, Jack no longer claps like a shod horse!

Preparation rules

It is advisable to immediately prepare the scene, think over how to position the dog so that it does not slide over the surface, interfering with your actions.

If the dog is large, you can trim it on the floor. When arranging a dog, you need to talk to him, it is good if you have an assistant who can distract the pet by offering him a treat. This is especially important in the first haircut: it will be associated with something pleasant.

Choosing a tool

Criterias of choice

Let’s figure out how to choose a nail clipper for dogs.

The tool should be strong and well-bonded, with blades made of steel or brass so that they are less dull. The base metal must be coated with a stainless steel coating to minimize the risk of infection.

Handles. rubberized (will not slip), the shape is comfortable for the owner’s hand, the tool must be felt in the hand.

Pay attention to the size of the clipper: they are available for both large dogs and miniature ones.


When examining the paws and trimming the fur before the main procedure, carefully examine the nails: if they have cracks or suspicious spots, they cannot be trimmed. You need to show the dog to the vet.

Before the haircut itself, wash your hands, as well as the pet’s paws, you do not need to treat it with an antiseptic, it is enough to dry it.

It is not recommended to carry out the procedure if the dog is out of sorts, does not feel well, is upset. It is best to trim after bathing: the dog is relaxed, the nails are softened and easier to give in.

Be sure to prepare a first aid kit in case of injury (we will describe its components below).

After the procedure, be sure to file the sharp edges with a nail file, they can also injure the delicate skin of the paws.

Structural features and types of claws

Before trimming the dog’s claws, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with their structure, otherwise the procedure at home will be fraught with the risk of injury to the pet. The haircut is triangular in shape, wide at the base and sharp at the end. Inside there is a pulp with many nerves and vessels, which makes it very sensitive. It is clearly visible on the nail processes of a light color, on black ones it is not visible, which makes it difficult to cut.

Pruning features

Clipping the nails of dogs at home begins with an examination of the pet’s paws. Begin the procedure with the front legs. It is better to cut the wool between the pads, it will interfere. Then inspect the claw: if the pulp is visible, you need to cut it 2 mm back from its end. Keep the tool blade at a 45 ° angle.

On black claws, a little more difficult: cut no more than 0.5 mm, then inspect the cut. If it’s dry and flaky, you can trim more. If the tissue on the cut is dark. this is the beginning of the young tissue of the claw, it is no longer possible to cut.

After successful treatment of the front paws, allow the dog to rest and calm down for two to three hours. Then do the same with the hind legs.

How to cut your dog’s nails at home

Before trimming the nails of a dog, you need to properly prepare for the procedure.

When it is necessary and how to properly cut a dog’s claws

Caring for a pet involves not only cleaning the coat and bathing, caring for the ears and teeth, but also cutting the nails.

How to trim the claws of a dog correctly and painlessly for her, what are the features of the procedure at home. we will discuss in this article.