home Dogs How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd

The most important parameter of age is teeth. However, it is impossible to determine the exact age of the dog, since much depends on its content, nutrition, correct bite and many other points.

  • Up to six months, the dog’s teeth change and new canines grow.
  • At the age of one, the dog has snow-white perfect teeth with tubercles, which indicate the novelty of the teeth.
  • After 2 years, the tubercles are partially erased on the still snow-white teeth.
  • By the age of 5, the dog already has noticeably yellowed teeth and the tubercles are completely erased.
  • Between 6. 10 years of age, the teeth are significantly worn down and may begin to loosen from old age. Caries and tartar are also possible.

Age differences of the German shepherd. Features of caring for a dog at different ages

At puppyhood, German shepherds look little like their adult relatives. In color, they are more like wolf cubs. The true color (black-backed or zoned) begins to appear in the puppy after 3-4 months.

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

At 4-5 months, the puppy’s ears begin to acquire a standing triangular shape, and the process can be delayed if there is not enough calcium and trace elements in the diet.

At the age of 4 months, milk teeth are replaced by permanent ones, and by 7 months the missing molars grow.

By 9-12 months, the puppy reaches the size of an adult dog. By the age of one and a half to two years, growth reaches its peak, now they are large, energetic, playful animals with snow-white teeth, shiny eyes and hair. Read about height and weight standards here.

By the age of 3, the period of adolescence ends and maturity begins. The dog becomes sedate, reasonable, less playful. The chest expands in breadth (with sufficient physical exertion), the animal reaches its prime, which lasts up to 7-8 years.

After 8 years old age for the German Shepherd comes. The eyes and hair are no longer so shiny, the teeth turn yellow, the incisors wear out a little, tartar can form.

The dog rests more and more often, its joints can hurt. this is expressed in a careful gait. Gray hair may appear. Usually the graying process starts from the head.

But, despite the signs of aging, on average, the German Shepherd is still fully functional and ready to serve faithfully. At home, the dog can stay alert and active longer. Caring owners are concerned about an important question: up to how old do dogs of different genders live on average??

It is believed that the average lifespan of neutered males and neutered bitches is longer.

At the age of 10, old age becomes more noticeable. The muscle mass gradually decreases, the coat is no longer so smooth, in places tousled. The skin around the eyes and mouth becomes slightly saggy and wrinkles can even be seen. The gray hair is already visible on the back and on the chest, molars can fall out. The gait becomes slow, senile. At this age, an old dog already needs a sparing regimen. great physical exertion, long hikes are excluded.

Also, a lot depends on the quality of the dog’s life: whether the dog lives on the street (in the kennel) or in the house. How much does the owner move and how much attention is paid to her.


By the eyes

You can find out how many months a puppy is by looking closely at his eyes. A newborn shepherd cub has no pupil, and the eyes themselves are slightly bluish. This goes on for a month.

Then the pupils become visible. The older the puppy, the clearer his pupils are. It becomes fully formed by the year.

The sequence of development and change

The first teeth (toes and canines) erupt in puppies in the third week of life, incisors. after 1 month, milk molars grow a little later.

  • By 4 months, permanent toes and front incisors grow instead of dairy ones.
  • Premolars should change at 5 months.
  • Up to six months of age, new extreme teeth grow.
  • Then the fangs change.
  • Root and False Root change last.
  • After that, the remaining teeth appear.

Additional Information! The puppy should have a full set of teeth by 2 months.

In a year, the dog’s jaw reaches the appearance of an adult dog. At this age, the teeth of the dog are snow-white with tubercles.

In Labradors and other large dogs, milk teeth are replaced by molars earlier than in small breeds such as the Pekingese, Yorkshire Terrier. But various diseases and ear cropping, on the contrary, inhibit the process of changing teeth.

Teeth growth chart will help you most accurately determine the age of the dog

After two years, the teeth begin to change:

  • By the age of 2, the bumps on the lower toes are erased.
  • At 4 years of age, the bulges on the upper hooks disappear, the enamel becomes matte.
  • 5 years. the age of wear of incisors and yellowing of tooth enamel.
  • At the age of 6, the canines become dull, the incisors change their shape to a concave.
  • After 8 years, the crowns wear out, the canines are shortened, all the teeth turn noticeably yellow.
  • By the age of 10, teeth begin to fall out, caries and tartar develop.
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By the eyes

A dog’s eyes also indirectly indicate its age. Young dogs have eyes that shine, express puppy delight. In adults, the eyes become cloudy, the color of the iris becomes dull. Eyesight deteriorates with age, lacrimation is more common. For some breeds, eyeballs deepen as they age.

The puppy’s eyes are pure and innocent, with a bright color

Determining the age of the East European Shepherd

Good afternoon, my brother has an Eastern European shepherd. I found an adult on the ad, everything says that the dog is three years old, but my brother claims that the dog is younger How to determine age?

In the teeth

This factor is the most accurate. It is from the condition of the teeth that most veterinarians determine the exact age of the dog. Although diseases, helminthic invasion, inadequate or poor nutrition slow down the process of growth and change of teeth. Therefore, when determining the age of foundlings who spent their childhood on the street without the care of the owner, 2-3 weeks are added to the generally accepted parameters.

Further, up to 14 months, the formation of sharp-pointed white incisors continues in a young individual, on which 3 teeth should be pronounced.

By muscle tone

It is difficult to determine the age of a German Shepherd to the exact number of months or even years by muscle tone. But you can understand whether this is a young individual or is already mature enough. When stroking a young dog, you feel good tone and strong muscles. Muscles become decrepit with age, obesity is common.

Why know the dog’s age

The development, health and activity of a dog directly depend on the number of years lived. Knowing the age of the pet will help you choose a diet, provide proper care and upbringing, determine the time for vaccination, mating and castration, and correctly treat the dog.

An adult dog and a puppy differ not only in size

Pet-Care | Can you tell a Puppy’s age by its Teeth? How To Know The Correct Age Of Dog | Bhola Shola

Puppies need more dairy products, adult dogs. more meat. When feeding with balanced foods, preference should be given to food that is appropriate for the age of the pet.

Young dogs are more playful and active, they need to be walked longer and more often than older ones. With age, the immunity of dogs decreases, they become more susceptible to drafts and cool weather. Therefore, adult dogs are insulated before walking in the cold season and are bathed less often.

Important! Puppies are best trained.

It is necessary to start raising a four-legged from 3 months. If you start later, the dog will remember the rules of behavior longer and resist more.

Vaccinations are given on a specific schedule. Knowing your age will help you determine if you need to administer a particular vaccine when visiting your veterinarian. Dogs under 7 years of age are vaccinated every year, older dogs are vaccinated every year. This is due to the weakening of the immune system over the years. The veterinarian will more accurately diagnose and select the appropriate treatment in case of a dog’s illness.

Newborn puppy is weak and helpless

Usually castration (sterilization) is carried out at the age of six months. By this time, the reproductive system of the dog is sufficiently developed, the body recovers quickly, and the operation takes place with the least difficulty. If the dog was not spayed when young, it is recommended to operate on the dog under the age of 7 years. This will reduce the risk of developing tumors.

Important! Sterilization too early or vice versa old age is hazardous to health.

Knowing your age will help you choose a favorable period for mating. After all, when a female is too old, an attempt to breed puppies can be detrimental to her condition.


Pay attention also to the length of the body and the height of the shepherd. If the height of the dog at the withers is equal to or close to the length of the body (square format), and its height (height at the withers) clearly exceeds 60-65 cm, turn around and leave. in front of you is a real shepherd mestizo!

Puppies from a mestizo adopt a square format, a barrel-shaped chest, and the wrong line of the top of one or both parents.

In a purebred puppy, BUT, the top line runs smoothly and long from the occiput to the tip of the tail without interruption, remaining this way from birth to the end even during the growth of the baby (from 3 months), when the baby looks funny and awkward.

Ears of an adult German shepherd and her puppies

Ears NO is her distinctive card. Large isosceles triangles sit high, the auricles are turned forward. The edge of the earlobe is on a straight line from the outer corner of the eye.

When viewed from the side, both parallel ears are clearly visible. The shape of the auricle is in the shape of a lily petal. the very tip is barely wrapped back.

In babies, ears may not stand up to 8-10 months. this is the norm. But their size and location on the head correspond to the set of the ears of an adult shepherd.

German Shepherd Top Line

The German Shepherd Dog has a strong, powerful body structure without looseness and heaviness. a torpedo dog with a flexible elongated body and a smooth topline. top line. line passing through the thoracic, dorsal and sacral spine, that is, it starts from the withers and ends where the tail is “attached”.

In a physically well-developed dog, without internal diseases and physical abnormalities, this visual line runs smoothly, is perceived as a single one and does not have clearly defined boundaries-segments or depressions (peres, “saddles” or humpbacks).

Important! Unlike many other breeds, the line of the top of the German Shepherd is not tracked from the withers or from the neck, but from the tips of the high-set ears to the very tip of the saber tail. Throughout the entire length of the top line should be “drawn” in a single smooth movement.

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Advice. Ask the breeder to place the dog sideways to you, against the light and in a classic stance. Step back a few steps so you can see the whole dog.

Movement of the German Shepherd and its paws

No matter how beautiful the dog looks to you in a rack, be sure to ask the breeder to show the shepherd in motion.

The usual gait for HO is a soft, creeping trot, but this is not always seen in confined spaces. It is enough that the step and body movements are dexterous, light and relaxed. Stiffness of movement indicates a physiological or physical disability, such as dysplasia or diseases of the internal organs that cause pain in the dog when moving. You can’t take a puppy from such a dog! No matter how purebred the shepherd is according to the documents.

In an adult shepherd dog, the structure of the paw (not the leg, namely the paw. the foot) has an elongated shape due to the 2 middle fingers slightly pushed forward. The paw is not narrow, like that of a hare (“greyhound paw”), and not round, like that of a cat, it is aristocraticly elongated, but not small, but flat and large. The footprint of such a paw is an exact copy of a cool chicken egg, cut in half.

In a German shepherd puppy, the paw only seems to be round, even in infancy, the extended fingers are clearly distinguishable, having a strong arched bone.

Dewclaws should be removed 3-5 days after birth so that you will not have the opportunity to “suspect” of their existence.

Pay attention to the metatarsus when the dog is standing.

In a purebred German Shepherd (the croup slopes gently down to the base of the tail), the metacarpal to horizontal ratio should be 90 degrees.

That is, the pastern must take a strictly vertical position in relation to the ground.

Main articles of BUT and her puppies

So that you yourself can define a German shepherd, you need to consider:


We look at parents!

Such an outline has a purebred German shepherd. In the figure, for convenience, the statues of the dog are also indicated.

A conscientious breeder will never hide from whom the puppies appeared, but basic knowledge about the appearance and statuses of the breed will also help dispel your doubts.

The fundamental features of any breed are:

  • top line;
  • movement;
  • head;
  • ears;
  • tail.

Head of an adult BUT and a puppy

The advantages of an adult’s head BUT makes no sense to describe in detail, they are well known:

  • the head is close to the cone when viewed from above;
  • the mowing line of the forehead and muzzle are parallel;
  • the jaws are powerful, wedge-shaped, but not narrowed, like in a collie;
  • the dental system is in perfect order;
  • the nose is not divided by a groove in half (a forked nose) and has the darkest possible color without spots. ideally black;
  • the skin fits snugly to the head, without sagging or folds;
  • when the dog is alert, a “wrinkle” forms on the skull;
  • the lips are dark, tight-fitting, without overhanging or fleece, like in a Great Dane;
  • the length of the muzzle is almost equal to the length of the skull (50 to 50 is ideal);
  • the width of the frontal part of the head corresponds to the length of the frontal.

The picture shows the ideal parameters of the head of a highly breed German shepherd

The same parameters are preserved in puppies throughout their life, without changing even during the period of growing up.

In newborn puppies, the correct parameters of the ratios of the parts of the head are clearly visible

The tail of a German shepherd dog and her puppy

The tail of the German Shepherd is long and saber-shaped, should not have creases. The last caudal vertebra must be sharp!

None of the parents should have such a tail.

The tail does not stretch over time, real shepherd puppies are born with “breed” tails.

with our material “How to distinguish a German shepherd puppy from a mongrel”, in which we tried to describe in detail the characteristic differences between dogs at an early age.

In the teeth

This factor is the most accurate. It is from the condition of the teeth that most veterinarians determine the exact age of the dog. Although diseases, helminthic invasion, inadequate or poor nutrition slow down the process of growth and change of teeth. Therefore, when determining the age of foundlings who spent their childhood on the street without the care of the owner, 2-3 weeks are added to the generally accepted parameters.

Further, up to 14 months, the formation of sharp-pointed white incisors continues in a young individual, on which 3 teeth should be pronounced.


You can find out the age of the German Shepherd by the gray hair that appears. At 6-7 years old, near the lips and in the beard area, the first gray hairs are noticeable.

Calluses appear on the elbows and joints of an elderly animal, and bald patches in the coat are noticeable.

How old is the puppy

An unhealed postpartum umbilical cord indicates that the baby has lived only a few days in the world. A week after birth, babies’ ears open. But the eyes are cut only for 12-14 days.

Teeth appear in a puppy after 3 weeks of life, first canines on the upper jaw, by 4 weeks. on the lower. By 35 days, he already has all the incisors.

Over the ears

From 2 to 5 months, the ear cartilage remains soft and does not hold them well. But the puppy tries to pick them up.

Although the ears may fall off during the replacement of primary teeth with molars, since the cartilage at this time suffers from a lack of minerals.

By wool

Sometimes you can determine the age of a shepherd dog by its appearance, condition of the coat.

If a young dog starts shedding for the first time, it means she is about 4-6 months old. Its color becomes brighter, the hair itself becomes more shiny. The older the animal, the harder its coat. Its color fades, becomes heterogeneous, gets dirty faster.

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By behavior

A healthy young German Shepherd is active, mobile, plays a lot, runs, sleeps little, eats well. She responds quickly to external stimuli.

How to Train a German Shepherd Puppy. A Detailed Video on GS Training Tips

An older individual is less active, sleeps more or just lies. She tries to replace running with walking.

By the eyes

You can find out how many months a puppy is by looking closely at his eyes. A newborn shepherd cub has no pupil, and the eyes themselves are slightly bluish. This goes on for a month.

Then the pupils become visible. The older the puppy, the clearer his pupils are. It becomes fully formed by the year.

How old is the puppy

To find out the age of a German shepherd puppy older than one month, compare the condition:

  • ears;
  • eye;
  • wool;
  • muscle tone;
  • behavior;
  • teeth.

Long-haired and short-haired

There is a difference between a long-haired German shepherd and a short-haired one. The Longhaired Shepherd Dog is calmer and less active. The short-haired breed is more suitable for exhibitions. The sizes and general characteristics of dogs are about the same.

Price in Russia

Average price also depends on the place of purchase. The more prestigious the nursery, the higher the price.

How to determine how many months a small dog is?

To determine the puppy’s approximate age, look at the teeth. In the third week of life, the upper teeth appear, and in the fourth week, the lower.

  • If the puppy has hanging ears, then he is from 2 to 4 months.
  • If there is no pupil and eyes with a bluish tinge. about a month old.
  • Bright, rich color or you notice that the dog is shedding. age from 4 to 6 months.

How to define purebred?

It is very difficult to determine purebred if the puppy is less than two months old.

  • Pay attention to your parents first. The main features of the breed are:
  • top line;
  • movement;
  • head;
  • ears and tail.
  • In a well-built dog, the line of the top runs smoothly from the withers to the tail without breaks or humps. If you see that the body is square in shape, and the height at the withers is about 65 cm, this is a mestizo.
  • The dog should move easily and smoothly. If the movements are constrained, then you should not take puppies from such a dog.
  • The skin on the head should be free of wrinkles and folds, and the nose should be black without spots. The jaws are powerful, but not tapering. There should be no sagging lips. the line of the forehead and muzzle must be parallel.
  • The ears should be turned forward. No breaks and irregularities. The tip of the ear is slightly bent back.
  • The tail is long, without kinks. The crochet tail indicates that it is a mestizo. The German Shepherd has a long, even tail, with a sharp end.

When your eyes open?

After birth, during the first week, puppies respond exclusively to pain, cold and hunger. But after 2 weeks, eyes open, hearing appears, sensory organs are formed. Puppies take their first steps, yawn, the formation of the basis of behavior occurs.

How to take care of your pet?

    Regular hygiene is essential to keep your pet healthy, and the ears are cleaned once every two weeks. To do this, apply a special agent on a cotton pad and gently clean the auricle.

If the color of the discharge is yellow, it means everything is in order. But if the discharge is dark in color, with pus, or has an unpleasant, pungent odor, contact your veterinarian.

  • You need to comb the shepherd dog twice a week. If the molting period has come. every day.
  • Pay attention to your eyes. Dogs of this breed are not prone to eye diseases, but if you notice purulent discharge, redness or swelling, immediately contact a specialist.
  • At 2 months of age, start teaching your shepherd to trim his nails. Lay the animal on its side or sit down. Fix the selected position and remove 2-3 mm of the nail with a special tool. Be careful not to touch the blood vessels. If the bleeding has begun, then treat the nail with peroxide.
  • During the year, the dog is taken three times for vaccinations.
  • At 1 month of age, start introducing complementary foods. It can be either dry specialized food soaked in water, or chopped, lean meat (rabbit, turkey). Kefir, cottage cheese are also allowed. On reaching 1.5 months, add porridge (rice and oatmeal). Meat can be cut into small pieces.
  • Vegetables should be introduced by the 3rd month. First boiled, and after a while. raw.

    • up to 2 months. 6 times;
    • from 2-3 months. 5 times;
    • from 3-6 months. 3 times;
    • from 6 months. 2 times.
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    for German Shepherds vary from 3 to 120 thousand rubles. The price may be affected by the availability of documents, or defects and deviations. Also, the price may depend on the age of the puppy, gender and country.

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    Features of the development of a dog at 1 year

    This age is very responsible for a shepherd. The dog is going through the transition from adolescence to adult dog. It looks like it is already a completely adult dog, but it will mature up to 2 years. The last parameter of growing up is the formation of the central nervous system.

    Protective and protective instincts are also formed. There may be attempts to prove their leadership among other dogs, which often ends in fights. Training will help you get rid of unnecessary aggression.

    How to choose the right one?

    The puppy must have documents: pedigree (metric) and veterinary passport.

    The pedigree must indicate:

    • Date of Birth;
    • registration number;
    • breed;
    • data about parents.
    • address;
    • Contact Information;
    • requisites.

    Puppies that have reached the age of 2 months must have a veterinary passport. It contains the results of examinations and vaccinations delivered.