home Article How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd puppy

At 4-5 months, the puppy‘s ears begin to acquire a standing triangular shape, while the process can be delayed if there is not enough calcium and trace elements in the diet.

At the age of 4 months, milk teeth are replaced by permanent ones, and by 7 months the missing molars grow.

By 9-12 months, the puppy reaches the size of an adult dog. By one and a half to two years, growth reaches its peak, now they are large, energetic, playful animals with snow-white teeth, shiny eyes and hair. Read about height and weight standards here.

By the age of 3, the period of adolescence ends and maturity begins. The dog becomes sedate, reasonable, less playful. The chest expands in breadth (with sufficient physical exertion), the animal reaches its prime, which lasts up to 7-8 years.

After 8 years old age for the German Shepherd comes. The eyes and hair are no longer so shiny, the teeth turn yellow, the incisors wear out a little, tartar can form.

The dog rests more and more often, its joints can hurt. this is expressed in a careful gait. Gray hair may appear. Usually the graying process starts from the head.

But, despite the signs of aging, on average, the German Shepherd is still fully functional and ready to serve faithfully. At home, the dog can stay alert and active longer. Caring owners are concerned about an important question: up to how old do dogs of different genders live on average??

It is believed that the average lifespan of neutered males and neutered bitches is longer.

At the age of 10, old age becomes more noticeable. The muscle mass gradually decreases, the coat is no longer so smooth, in places tousled. The skin around the eyes and mouth becomes slightly saggy and wrinkles can even be seen. The gray hair is already visible on the back and on the chest, molars can fall out. The gait becomes slow, senile. At this age, an old dog already needs a sparing regimen. large physical exertion, long hikes are excluded.

Also, a lot depends on the quality of the dog’s life: whether the dog lives on the street (in the kennel) or in the house. How much does the owner move and how much attention is paid to her.

How to determine the age of a German Shepherd

The most important parameter of age is teeth. However, it is impossible to determine the exact age of the dog, since much depends on its content, nutrition, correct bite and many other points.

  • Up to six months, the dog’s teeth change and new canines grow.
  • At the age of one year, the dog has snow-white perfect teeth with tubercles, which indicate the novelty of the teeth.
  • After 2 years, the tubercles are partially erased on the still snow-white teeth.
  • By the age of 5, the dog already has noticeably yellowed teeth and the tubercles are completely erased.
  • Between 6 and 10 years of age, the teeth are significantly worn down and may begin to loosen from old age. Caries and tartar are also possible.



How long do German shepherds live and how to increase your pet’s lifespan??

The dog and the man are constant companions throughout history. Our relationship with dogs has become so close that we can no longer imagine our life without their loyal, loving eyes.

Among dozens of dog breeds, the undoubted favorite was and remains the German Shepherd. This beautiful, graceful beast combines the best qualities that a person has ever looked for in a dog: intelligence, ingenuity, sharp scent, instant reaction, obedience, devotion.

In addition to the features of behavior and exterior, there are so-called age features inherent in the German shepherd at different periods of life.

How long do German shepherds live?

The average lifespan of a German Shepherd Dog with good care is 12-13 years. There are among the “Germans” and their long-livers. 15-17 years. The main criteria for the correct maintenance of a German shepherd are balanced nutrition and long-term physical activity.

The diet of a German shepherd throughout its life should be rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins and carbohydrates. The food should be varied, and the diet should include meat, bones, cereals, vegetables, fruits, a loaf, vitamin and mineral supplements. It is not recommended to overfeed the animal.

Important: Feeding should be done after a walk, as exercise with a full stomach can cause a volvulus or twist in the stomach or intestines and kill the dog.

The German Shepherd needs a lot of physical activity. many hours of walking, special classes, training. It must be remembered: for a shepherd, the meaning of life is in work, this is a service dog to the tips of its claws.

Timely vaccination and deworming are very important for a full-fledged life of a “German”. This will save the pet from epidemics and other dangerous ailments to which German shepherds are prone (demodicosis, plague, enteritis).


Age differences of the German shepherd. Features of caring for a dog at different ages

At puppyhood, German shepherds look little like their adult relatives. In color, they are more like wolf cubs. The true color (black-backed or zoned) begins to appear in the puppy after 3-4 months.

By muscle tone

It is difficult to determine the age of a German Shepherd to the exact number of months or even years by muscle tone. But you can understand whether this is a young individual or is already mature enough. When stroking a young dog, you feel good tone and strong muscles. Muscles become decrepit with age, obesity is common.

In the teeth

This factor is the most accurate. It is from the condition of the teeth that most veterinarians determine the exact age of the dog. Although diseases, helminthic invasion, inadequate or poor nutrition slow down the process of growth and change of teeth. Therefore, when determining the age of foundlings who spent their childhood on the street without the care of the owner, 2-3 weeks are added to the generally accepted parameters.

Further, up to 14 months, the formation of sharp-pointed white incisors continues in a young individual, on which 3 teeth should be pronounced.


Cloudy, dull pupils of a shepherd dog indicate its old age. The eyes of the old individual seem to move inward, look smaller and deeply set, there is tearing.

By the eyes

You can find out how many months a puppy is by looking closely at his eyes. A newborn shepherd cub has no pupil, and the eyes themselves are slightly bluish. This goes on for a month.

determine, german, shepherd, puppy

Then the pupils become visible. The older the puppy, the clearer his pupils are. It becomes fully formed by the year.


You can find out the age of the German Shepherd by the gray hair that appears. At 6-7 years old, near the lips and in the beard area, the first gray hairs are noticeable.

Calluses appear on the elbows and joints of an elderly animal, and bald patches in the coat are noticeable.

By behavior

A healthy young German Shepherd is active, mobile, plays a lot, runs, sleeps little, eats well. She responds quickly to external stimuli.

An older individual is less active, sleeps more or just lies. She tries to replace running with walking.

Over the ears

From 2 to 5 months, the ear cartilage remains soft and does not hold them well. But the puppy tries to pick them up.

Although the ears can fall off during the replacement of primary teeth with molars, since the cartilage at this time suffers from a lack of minerals.

How old is the puppy

To find out the age of a German shepherd puppy older than one month, compare the condition:

  • ears;
  • eye;
  • wool;
  • muscle tone;
  • behavior;
  • teeth.

How to tell age of dog.

Six to eight months, a year and a half

The growth is somewhat suspended. The main emphasis is on the development, strengthening and final formation of the skeleton. Body weight continues to gain due to muscle building.

At 6 months old puppy HO weighs 2/3 of the weight of an adult shepherd.

German shepherd age 8 months

Not meeting the standards for height and weight

Do not be alarmed if a five-month or three-month-old dog “fluctuates” from the data of the height and weight table in one direction or another. it is still growing. Fully BUT will be formed only by the age of 3, when the measurements (height. length. girth. weight) will already be stable and constant.

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Height and weight of the German Shepherd by months.

For many, the term “large dog” is something like a Great Dane or Tibetan Mastiff. Such people mistakenly classify German Shepherds as medium breeds.

Yes, the height BUT is not so high: the dog is 60-65 cm at the withers, the bitch is not higher than 60.

The weight of an adult German Shepherd is another matter! Male: up to 50 kg; bitch: up to 35.

The status of the German Shepherd as a large breed of service dogs is determined precisely by its body weight.

An average dog weighs up to 25 kg. Anything that weighs heavier is large breeds. And an adult German Shepherd weighs solidly for its average height.

In order for the shepherd dog to gain the desired height and weight, proper care and time are needed.

Nine to twelve months

Sheepdog continues to get stronger and gain weight. Growth practically stops. the maximum young shepherd dog will add another 2-3 cm at the withers.The weight of the shepherd continues to increase, the body is filled with steep and elastic muscles.

German shepherd age 10 months

German Shepherd Height and Weight Chart

For clarity, it is better to look at the table where the most important parameters of the weight and height of German Shepherd puppies can be easily compared with the data of your pet that you have.

Growth of a German Shepherd from a month to a year

Deviations from the table in average weight and height by 150-200 g will not be critical, given the number of puppies in the litter, the productive age of the mother and the further satisfactory baby of the new owner.

Age in months Height at withers (cm) Male weight (g) Bitch weight (g) Chest circumference (cm)
1 month 19-21 3.500-4.200 3.000-3.300 28-31
2 months 32-38 8.500-9.000 7.500-8.000 46-49
3 months 40-48 14.000-14.200 12.000-12.300 56-59
4 months 47-56 19.000-20.000 16.000-16.400 60-64
5 months 51-58 22.000-22.900 20.000-21.700 65-70
6 months 52-60 24.000-26.000 22.500-23.000 68-72
Seven months 53-61 28.000-28.400 23.000-24.700 70-72
8 months 53-61 29.000-30.000 25.000-25.200 72-74
9 months 53-61 30.500-32.000 26.100-26.500 74-75
10 months 54-62 32.900-32.300 27.000-27.500 74-75
11 months 54-62 33.00-33.500 28.000-29.000 75-76
12 months 55-63 33.000-34.000 30.000-32.000 75-76

Four, five and six months

The four-month-old baby continues to gain body weight and strengthen the skeleton. Compared to a newborn, a German Shepherd puppy increases 7-8 times.

German shepherd age 4 months

You cannot overfeed the puppy and give him increased loads. with such a rapid growth, diseases or damage to the joints and bones are possible, which then will be impossible to fix.

The average weight of a German shepherd puppy by months is shown in the table.

German shepherd age 5 months

Two, three and four months

Active weight gain, bone formation. The skeletal system itself takes 28 days to form, but the bones in it are very fragile, cartilaginous. A two-month-old puppy is still very fragile, only by the age of 4 months all the necessary bones are covered with dense mesh bone tissue.

German shepherd age 3 months

German Shepherd Puppy Development Monthly

German shepherd puppies grow rapidly and gain weight up to 4-6 months. However, large puppies grow more slowly than their small counterparts, and by the age of 2-3 months, puppies in a litter are compared in weight and height.

The growth process of German Shepherd puppies can be roughly divided into 4 stages.

What does it look like?

Why doesn’t it happen?

There are a number of reasons why German Shepherd Dogs do not have ears:

  • Unclean Shepherd Dog. Quite often people are deceived and sold non-purebred puppies. These animals often have problems with ear formation. When buying, carefully check all documents for the dog.
  • Lack of minerals. With improper nutrition and lack of essential substances, cartilage may not form properly.
  • Diseases of the ears. Any inflammation can negatively affect the staging.
  • Custom ear fit or structure. Let’s say the ears are very large and large or, on the contrary, thin. In this case, in order not to harm the animal, contact your veterinarian for help.
  • Weak immunity and frequent illnesses. If your pet is often sick, it may not have enough nutrients to build cartilage.

How to define purebred?

It is very difficult to determine purebred if the puppy is less than two months old.

  • Pay attention to your parents first. The main features of the breed are:
  • top line;
  • movement;
  • head;
  • ears and tail.
  • In a well-built dog, the topline runs smoothly from withers to tail without breaks or humps. If you see that the body is square in shape, and the height at the withers is about 65 cm, this is a mestizo.
  • The dog should move easily and smoothly. If the movements are constrained, then you should not take puppies from such a dog.
  • The skin on the head should be free of wrinkles and folds, and the nose should be black without spots. The jaws are powerful, but not tapering. There should be no sagging lips. The lines of both the forehead and muzzle must be parallel.
  • The ears should be turned forward. No breaks and irregularities. The tip of the ear is slightly bent back.
  • The tail is long, without kinks. The crochet tail indicates that it is a mestizo. The German Shepherd has a long, even tail, with a sharp end.

How to put?

If your pet is more than 4 months old, and the ears are not set and are flaccid enough, you need to take measures.

  • Massage the auricles. Massage stimulates blood circulation, which will have a positive effect when staged.
  • Sound. Unusual and unexpected sounds will attract the attention of the puppy, he will turn and for a while fully raise his ears. Thanks to such training, the muscle tissue of the auricle will be strengthened and over time it will completely move into an upright position.
  • Balanced diet. If the dog lacks nutrients, the cartilage will not develop. The menu must include: fish, dairy products.
  • Introduce nutrients with sufficient micronutrients.
  • Glue the ears. You will need foam curlers without plastic inserts and a patch. Try to match the size of your ear to the curler, as too large or small will do less good. Insert the foam rubber into the auricle, without closing the ear canal, secure with a plaster. Do not use scotch tape. it can injure the puppy’s skin. The structure must be removed after seven days. If there are no changes, then repeat the procedure.


Puppies of the first month of life, all look the same. They have a pointed, elongated muzzle, with a large black nose.

Each puppy has a short, shiny coat. Each of them has a weight of 350-500 grams. The more puppies were born, the less the weight of each of them.

Black and other colors

  • Black-backed. Most dogs of this breed are of this color. A black spot covers the torso from elbows to tail. Paws and belly are lighter.
  • Zonarny. It is also called wolf color. An interesting color is provided by the unusual color of the bristles, which are light at the root and dark at the end. Very rare color.
  • The black. The whole body is completely black. Any other color is considered a defect. The rarest color.

How to choose the right one?

  • When choosing a puppy, first of all, you need to choose the right place. It is best to purchase German Shepherd puppies in specialized kennels.
  • Pay attention not only to one dog, but also to the entire litter. Are all animals active, does everyone have a shiny coat? If at least one animal is in doubt, then you should not take the puppy in this place.
  • Examine the puppy carefully. The paws should be very large in relation to the body, the animal should not be fat or thin.
  • Pay attention to the bite. The bite should be scissor bite. If a dog is purchased from six months, then the ears should be set. The eyes should not be cloudy and the puppy should not look bulging.
  • A healthy dog ​​has a smooth gait. Dewclaws should be removed. No back unevenness or hunchback.

The puppy must have documents: pedigree (metric) and veterinary passport.

The pedigree must indicate:

  • Date of Birth;
  • registration number;
  • breed;
  • data about parents.

What to Know When You Get a German Shepherd Puppy!

  • the address;
  • Contact Information;
  • requisites.
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Puppies that have reached the age of 2 months must have a veterinary passport. It contains the results of examinations and vaccinations delivered.

How to extend the life of a pet

In order for your animal to please you for many years, it is necessary to provide it with proper care and attention.

Provide your German Shepherd with plenty of activity. they need long walks, games, exercise, swimming. The better the physical condition of the animal, the longer it will be healthy and mobile.

It should be useful and balanced. It is also necessary to focus on the age of the pet when drawing up the menu.

It is important not to overeat the dog, because every 2 extra pounds will shorten the dog’s life by a month.

Monitor your pet’s health. The German Shepherd has an excellent body, hardy and strong, but if you do not monitor the condition of the dog, you can also shorten its life by several years.

Depending on the type

Life expectancy does not depend on the type of German Shepherd. it directly depends on the care.

But many years of experience have proved that dogs with a rare coat color have the greatest endurance, and therefore great longevity.

Dogs with a color that disqualifies the standard, on the contrary, have lower vitality indicators in old age. This is due to a mutation at the genetic level, because their color is not typical for a German shepherd.

Proper nutrition

Experienced German Shepherd breeders and owners understand that making the right menu for a German Shepherd is only difficult at first. Then there is no problem with that.

Basic principles of a dog’s diet:

  • Proteins. up to 70%. These are meat without bones and fat, offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs;
  • Carbohydrates. up to 40%. They should be slow. cereals, as well as vegetables, fruits with fast carbohydrates, and fiber;
  • Fat. 20% to 40%. They must be of plant and animal origin.

Despite the fact that proteins are very useful for shepherd dogs, you should not focus only on proteins. Your dog needs all vitamins.

You need to choose food that suits your dog at its age.

For example, for a puppy, they reduce the fat content of food so as not to cause obesity, and for an adult dog, on the contrary, they increase the amount of protein.

How to determine age?

The most accurate way to determine the age of a German shepherd is by its appearance:

  • If the puppy has already opened his eyes and is running around with might and main, it means that he is already a month old;
  • The compact and fat puppy, exploring the territory and weighing at least 10 kg, is most likely two months old;
  • When the ears of a German shepherd begin to stand up houses, and the tail and limbs become disproportionately large, it means that she is already 3 months old;
  • If you notice that the puppy has begun to shed, he is already 4 months old;
  • The ears are completely raised and the set of teeth changes when the puppies reach 6 months. He is already becoming more and more like an adult dog.
  • The dog is actively growing up to 10 months. At 10 months old she already looks like an adult dog;
  • At 13 months, the dog’s coat completes its transformation and acquires a rich and final color;
  • When the child’s features completely disappear from the dog, this is clearly visible on the face, which means that its age has reached 2 years. She becomes harsher outwardly;
  • Over time, the structure of the coat begins to change. this indicates the aging of the shepherd;
  • When you notice that the coat has become more faded, gray hair has appeared on the face, and the pet’s eyes have dimmed, it means that he has entered a period of old age.

Once you’ve figured out what looks like, back up your observations with knowledge of German shepherd behavior.

The peak of pet activity occurs from birth to 4 years. Then the dog starts to get tired of his usual physical activities, and they have to be reduced.

When the dog is very lazy doing the exercises, it says that old age and peace have come. Now you only need to warm up with the shepherd, but not overload it.

It is necessary to distribute mental and physical activity, based on the age of the dog.

How many live on the street and at home

German Shepherds that live outdoors have a longer lifespan than those in an apartment.

This is due to the characteristics of the breed itself. Germans need physical activity, in which it is difficult and impossible to limit them, as well as mental activity, which is manifested in training.

Taking these aspects of their life away from dogs will negatively impact their physical and mental performance.

The dog can become aggressive, its muscles will begin to weaken, and it will no longer be able not only to stand up for itself, but also to protect the owner.

If on the street the German Shepherd is constantly in the aviary, this will lead to the same consequences.

Many breeds of dogs, on the contrary, feel more comfortable indoors, but the German Shepherd is not one of them. It is better and more useful for her to be outside. she is not afraid of rain and cold because of the dense undercoat and good wool.

Therefore, we can say with confidence that dogs living in the courtyard of a private house live much longer than those who have to huddle in an apartment.

But this does not mean at all that the German Shepherd cannot live indoors. Just provide her with the right amount of physical and mental stress.

Conclusion and conclusions

Your pet’s lifespan is largely up to you.

To prolong his health and stay on earth, you need to take care of his health, condition, give attention and love.

Treat your dog like a family member. love and protect, and then it will give many years on the earth next to you.

Quality and care

Life expectancy largely depends on external factors, not only on congenital ones. To keep your pet healthy for many years, you need to monitor its health, ensure proper and healthy nutrition, exercise, but that’s not all.

The place where the German Shepherd is located should be clean and tidy, whether it be an aviary or a bed in an apartment. The dog should never eat stale or spoiled food, the water in the bowl should be changed every two days.

You will also need to take care of the pet’s coat and appearance. It needs to be combed out, bathed, hair and claws cut, and ears cleaned. Wipe eyes and nose if necessary.

Despite the fact that the health of the “Germans” is excellent and they can live on the street, you should not leave them if the temperature drops much below zero.

This is especially true for puppies, nursing mothers and older dogs. They may not endure such conditions of detention and simply die.

The German Shepherd needs communication with the owner and other dogs.

This will help her socialize and relieve loneliness and various mental disorders.

The main causes of premature death

The causes of premature death can be congenital defects, but also acquired diseases.

  • Cryptorchidism and sexual dimorphism disorder;
  • Incorrect body proportions and height;
  • Irregular tail shape (docked, rolled over the back or ring-shaped);
  • Irregular muzzle shape (too short / long or blunt);
  • Hanging or soft ears, malocclusion;
  • Coat problems;
  • Weak pigmentation and blue eyes;
  • Excessive excitability, cowardice, or lethargy.

But there are also acquired health problems caused by improper care:

  • Insufficient amount of physical and intellectual activity;
  • Wrong (the dog is constantly in a cramped room. an apartment or an aviary);
  • Incorrect selection of food or a diet in which the dog does not receive enough vitamins;
  • The dog was not allowed to recover from childbirth and was mated again;
  • Dangerous work with a risk to life;
  • Exercise while the dog has not yet recovered from any wounds or injuries.

German Shepherd Growth Chart

In puppies of fairly large dogs, to which the German Shepherd belongs, there are two phases of growth processes:

  • the stage of skeleton formation is the phase of the most intense growth processes that occur in the German shepherd in the very first months of life;
  • the muscle building phase is the phase of slowing growth processes that begins in a pet at five months of age.
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Small puppies under four months of age simply need a colossal amount of energy, which is important for active growth and proper development, but the animal cannot absorb a large amount of food, so there is a risk of natural overfeeding of the pet. This is always accompanied by excess weight gain, and also provokes a significant load on all joints, therefore, it can cause severe bone curvature, inhibiting growth. As a rule, in five-month-old German Shepherds, the risk of overeating is markedly reduced, active and correct growth processes occur.

Age of purebred pet Growth standards (height at the withers) Chest circumference standards
month 19-21 cm 29-32 cm
2 months 33-37 cm 46-49 cm
3 months 40-46 cm 55-59 cm
4 months 47-54 cm 60-64 cm
5 months 51-58 cm 66-70 cm
6 months 52-62 cm 68-72 cm
8 months 53-63 cm 70-77 cm
year 55-65 cm 75-78 cm
two years 55-65 cm 77-82 cm
three years 55-65 cm 78-86 cm

Each owner of a German Shepherd dog must strictly monitor the correct development of his puppy, stabilize the food ration and physical activity, and also systematically carry out control measurements and weighing the pet.

The height of an adult dog at the withers and rump should be measured with a stadiometer. A tape measure is used to measure the oblique length of the body, the girth of the chest and pastern, the length of the head and muzzle. The compass allows you to measure the depth and width of the chest, as well as measure the width of the skull.

It is interesting! Until the moment the dog reaches the age of six months, there are marked changes in the height of the withers and the volume of the chest, after which the parameters approach the standard sizes of adults.

German Shepherd Weight Table

At birth, a German shepherd puppy weighs only 350-550 g. However, the body weight of individual individuals directly depends on the total number of babies in each litter. Therefore, with a large number of newborns, their weight is noticeably less. In addition, already at birth, the presence of sexual dimorphism is noted, therefore, within one litter, males, as a rule, are significantly larger than females.

During the very first month of their life, babies feed exclusively on mother’s milk, due to which they very quickly and actively gain weight, adding about 95-105 g every day. The total weight of a month-old purebred German Shepherd puppy is already about three kilograms.

Age of purebred pet Standard dog weight
month 2.5-4.0 kg
2 months 6.0-9.0 kg
3 months 10-16 kg
4 months 15-20 kg
5 months 18-26 kg
6 months 19-28 kg
8 months 20-32 kg
year 21-37 kg
two years 22-40 kg
three years 22-40 kg

In the next four weeks of life, a rapid increase in body weight is also noted, and the daily weight gain is, as a rule, of the order of 160-170 g. Correctly developed and well-formed four-month-old “Germans” should weigh about 15-20 kg.

German Shepherd Dimensions

The German Shepherd is one of the fairly large breeds, whose growth processes and development continue for a long time. In addition to the presence of well-developed muscles and a slightly elongated body, when evaluating a dog of this breed, the basic dimensions established by the standards should be taken into account.

Weight and size deviations

The development of young German Shepherd Dogs directly depends on the balance of nutrition and health. Correctly selected food ration greatly affects the size of the dog, its appearance and general condition. With the correct proportions of angles and body, sweeping movements can be noted parallel to the surface of the ground, which gives the impression of a light transfer of the animal in the forward direction.

Greater height at the withers will result in a noticeable increase in total body weight, which usually occurs at a disproportionately greater level than an increase in muscle strength. As a result, individuals that are too large are deprived of sufficient muscular strength, they do not have the necessary endurance and mobility. The lower height at the withers of the German Shepherd is also not able to provide sufficient muscle strength, therefore dogs that are too small do not have an optimal area for fixing the full volume of muscles.

Important! When choosing food for a pet, it is very important to remember that the bulk is increased by a German shepherd by 20-30% in six months, at the age from seven to twelve months.

Strong deviations from the indicators of the norm become clearly visible visually, which makes it possible to call the dog unnecessarily heavy or light. Both types are categorized as significant disadvantages for the German Shepherd, and also significantly limit the typical performance of the dog. Among other things, excessive increase and decrease in height often entails disturbances in the optimal proportions of the addition of an adult dog.

Size according to breed standards

The breed standards of the German Shepherd adopted today imply not only the basic psychological properties of the dog, but also its physical development with the expression of external characteristic features. In improving the quality indicators of the breed, the main emphasis is placed on the presence of the correct anatomical structure in a purebred dog:

  • the average height of a dog at the withers, recorded by the standards, for males is about 63 cm, and for a bitch. only 56 cm, but deviations of a couple of centimeters are allowed, while any changes from the average established height significantly reduce the dignity of the pet;
  • the body length of males varies within 71-77 cm, and females. at the level of 61-70 cm with males weighing in the range of 30-40 kg, and females. about 22-32 kg;
  • the length of the forelimbs of the dog is necessarily slightly greater than their height, and amounts to about 55-58%;
  • the length of the body part of the German Shepherd exceeds the height of the animal at the withers by about 110-115%;
  • the disadvantage is the presence of a neck that is too long or, on the contrary, an excessively short neck, as well as a very small chest area;
  • too short a croup is unsuitable, and the withers must necessarily be long and high;
  • the upper part of the head of a purebred dog is 50% of its total length;
  • the ears and eyes of the German Shepherd are of medium size;
  • the ratio of muzzle to head length should theoretically be 1: 2, but often the total length of the muzzle is slightly less than the length of the skull.

The athletic and fairly large build of a purebred German Shepherd should be slightly stretched and above average. The Bone Index for adult German Shepherd Dogs should be around 18-20 for males and 17-19 for bitches. The indicators of the proportionality of the chest are also of the greatest practical importance.

It is interesting! If a well-developed coat protects the German Shepherd from negative natural and weather influences, then the duration of the run and the characteristic appearance are provided only by the harmony of the constitution of the animal’s body.

How old do German shepherds grow?

Representatives of German shepherds are rather large in stature, with a massive build and a strong constitution, a later formation is characteristic. It is for this reason that such dogs in adolescence very often look a little angular in shape, with insufficient proportionality, but acquire the complete completeness of all their articles in the second or third year of life. For lighter and medium-sized German Shepherds, early formation is characteristic, as a rule. By adolescents, such individuals look very elegant and already have a formed appearance.

Nevertheless, according to the observations of experienced dog breeders, in one-year-old individuals of the German Shepherd breed, growth processes are completed in height, but the set of muscle mass continues to grow quite actively. The main peak of development of a purebred dog occurs at the age of three, when such a pet reaches its best physical indicators.