Do not give salty, sweet, smoked, pickled sheep dogs. Spices, legumes, potatoes, chocolate, citrus fruits, as well as rutabagas, grapes and olives are harmful for them. Tubular bones are very dangerous for pets.
When planning a dog’s diet, it is necessary to take into account the ratio of calcium and phosphorus in it, since the second element helps to wash out the first from the animal’s body.
It is undesirable to feed the dog with raw river fish and liver due to the high probability of contamination of these products by helminths. First, they should be cooked and boiled into the pet’s bowl.
It is not allowed to feed the dog from your table. The following can be used as an incentive:
- a piece of dry loaf, poured with sunflower oil;
- small amount of cheese;
- apple sliced.
How and what to feed the shepherd dogs?
The digestive system functions in almost the same way in all dogs. There are small nuances in feeding, which depend on the breed and genetic predisposition. They must be taken into account when choosing food for your pets.
Pros and cons of natural food
For large dogs, which include shepherds, protein in the diet is important for proper muscle growth, as well as proper weight gain and healthy bones and joints.
There are two types of dog feeding:
- natural products;
- ready-made dry food.
When choosing natural food, it is imperative to monitor the quality of food. In no case should you feed pets with expired or poor quality products.
For shepherd dogs, eating natural products is a very good option. If the diet is properly balanced, the dog will receive all the necessary micronutrients, vitamins and proteins.
The disadvantages of natural food include the fact that its preparation requires a lot of time and effort. And also the selection of the necessary composition is required.
In addition, in addition to proteins that are needed by the dog’s body, carbohydrates are present in this type of feeding. Large dogs do not need them in large quantities, since with insufficient physical activity they will be deposited in fat, which is unacceptable and dangerous for the health of the animal and its physical characteristics.
You need to know that some products can be given only after preliminary heat treatment, for example, such as river fish and liver, as they can contain helminths. And in sea fish there are substances that gradually destroy the B vitamins in the dog’s body, which leads to a slowdown in its growth and physical development. Therefore, it is also recommended to cook it before serving.
Nutrition of shepherd dogs should consist of 1/3 of plant components and 2/3 of animal products.
First of all, the diet should include meat. this is the main source of protein. This breed is suitable for meat products of the second category, it contains connective tissue that is useful for dogs. The tenderloin puts too little stress on the teeth. You should not give the dog pork, as it is too fat. Better to give preference to beef, lamb and horse meat.
From poultry, turkey in the form of minced meat is suitable, especially for monthly puppies when transferring from breast milk to age-related nutrition, or chicken, finely chopped into pieces.
German shepherd. train my 3 months little girl heel and refuse food- you can do better next month
Fish is source of Omega-3. It is essential in feeding shepherd dogs. The only one suitable for their nutrition is pink salmon. But it is also better to give it to pets no more than twice a week and separately from meat food.
Groats are suitable for buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, corn, wheat. It is source of slow carbohydrates that are good for your dog’s digestion and overall health. Cook porridge until cooked. It is better to exclude barley and barley, they are poorly absorbed.
Dairy products are best given in the form of kefir. Cottage cheese is needed for the development of puppies up to six months. Boiled eggs will be an excellent addition to the diet, but no more than three times during the week.
Vegetables and fruits can be offered raw to the dog or added to the dish when cooking. You can try to feed your pet with porridge with carrots or pumpkin. You can also mix cereals and meat. Chicken porridge makes a good lunch for your dog.
Overview and selection of finished feed
In the manufacture of ready-made dog food, manufacturers try to use all the substances important to the health of the animal. Still, at an early age, puppies are best fed with natural foods, as dry foods can lead to digestive problems.
- The most harmful feed is economy class. There is almost no protein in them, it is replaced with animal fat, and bone meal is also used. With such food, the dog is not satiated, it attracts her with flavoring additives. This type of food is very consumed.
- Premium class. Balanced feed with mineral and nutrients without substitutes for taste and colors, but using additives and stabilizers approved in the European Economic Union. The composition uses real meat ingredients. The source of vegetable protein is corn.
- Super premium class. They include only high quality components, natural products. Eggs, beets and rice are used as a high value protein as source of fiber. Protein and carbohydrates are taken from primary constituents. This feed is made with special equipment.
- Holistic. For the manufacture of this food, only environmentally friendly products are used. For example, some parts of lamb and salmon. It contains biologically pure additives, vegetables and fruits. The only kind of ready-made feed that is close enough to natural nutrition.
The higher the grade of the feed, the more expensive it is. The advantage of this type of feeding is that you do not need to spend time preparing it, it is enough to decide on the class once and then feed only to them in the future.
Every day a varied animal diet is not required. Only a balanced composition of trace elements is important.
When buying food for shepherd dogs, it is important to pay attention to the fact that it has the inscription “Active”. This is the kind of food that is suitable for large dogs that expend a lot of energy every day. Some premium and super premium foods suitable for sheepdogs are named: Brit Premium, Purina Dog Chow, Royal Canin.
Features of feeding puppies
To avoid problems in the future, you need to properly feed the cubs and observe their diet. Up to 4 months old, puppies are fed 4 to 5 times a day, gradually reducing the number of feedings and increasing the portion. By the year, dogs are transferred to two meals a day.
Always feed the puppies at the same time. After feeding, the food bowl is removed, leaving only a container with clean water. The duration of the meal should be approximately 20 minutes. Anything left on the plate is too much for the dog’s stomach.
At home, it is better to feed babies with natural food. Start complementary feeding at the age of one month.
Pieces of boiled chicken, deboned, or ground turkey are good for this.
Starting from 1.5 months, the puppy should eat about 250 g of meat per day. From 2 to 4 months. 400 g, 4 to 6 months. half a kilogram, from six months to a year. about 1 kg per day.
Fish is introduced into the diet from the third month, only boiled sea fish, it is given instead of meat twice a week. From the age of three months to 5 months, meat trimmings are given, since there are many tendons in it for training the jaw. Also this is the period of changing teeth. Once a week, they treat the dog with a marrow. From six months they begin to offer the dog by-products and liver after heat treatment.
From birth to one year, the animal is taught to eat cottage cheese, fed with fermented milk products. kefir, fermented baked milk.
Table with nutritional norms depending on the age of the puppies.
Eating whims or a transitional period of development
If the baby willingly eats one type of food, and refuses the other, do not indulge in such whims. Otherwise, you have to feed the German Shepherd only what it wants. As a rule, it will be unhealthy or even dangerous food.
At 4-6 weeks, mineral feeding is introduced, which can be done independently:
- bone meal. 1 glass;
- phytin. 40 crushed tablets;
- glycerophosphate. 40 crushed tablets;
- calcium lactate. 20 crushed tablets;
- calcium gluconate. 20 crushed tablets;
- activated carbon. 20 crushed tablets;
- brewer’s yeast with sulfur or selenium. 450 g;
- white school chalk. 15 g;
- salt. 5 g.
Top dressing is given along with porridge for 0.5 tsp. daily up to 2 months. From 2 months, the same dose is given three times a day.
How to properly feed a month old German Shepherd puppy
Feeding a German shepherd puppy at 1 month is not much different from feeding it up to 4 weeks, but there are still differences.
It is good if there is an opportunity to buy blood obtained during the slaughter of farm animals. it contains more than 30% complete, easily digestible proteins, has bactericidal properties (the first 4 hours after slaughter), and prevents the occurrence of glandular deficiency anemia. Pig blood is given only in the form of boiled fibrin (clotted blood).
When feeding with blood, salt is excluded from the diet!
Blood can be preserved in reserve, like regular meat, but the value of such a product drops significantly.
From 4 weeks, you need to give boiled pieces of chicken or rabbit, cut coarsely enough for the puppy to work hard, chewing them. Very beneficial for the development of the jaws and neck muscles!
At this age (1-1.5 months), sea fish should be introduced into the diet. The ideal variant is the salmon family (salmon, mykizha, whale, chinook salmon, sockeye salmon, coho salmon, whitefish, pink salmon, white fish, nelma). Fish so far only boiled, boneless and only once a week.
If the little “German” eats fish more often, then B vitamins are destroyed in his body, which causes indigestion and growth retardation. But without fish, the body does not receive additional enzymes that bind iron, the lack of which leads to a decrease in the immune system of the developing German Shepherd. A portion of fish should be one and a half times larger than a portion of meat.
Eating puppies at home
Usually by 6 weeks lactation in a bitch weakens and the milk itself is no longer so rich as to be a complete food for her children. Several new foods will need to be introduced into the puppy’s menu.
Fat and oil
Additional fats and oils are added to the puppy’s diet at 1 month old. A young German shepherd dog should receive 2.6 g of fat per 1 kg of body weight per day. This means that in 1 month the baby will need 10-15 g of animal fat (butter) or vegetable fat. Butter contains carotene, tocopherol, choline, phosphatites, vitamins A and D-2.
Vegetable contains polyunsaturated fatty acids, which promote metabolism and tone up the walls of blood vessels, and vitamin E, which is not found in animal products.
With a lack of fat, skin flaking, dandruff, hair depigmentation, hypovitaminosis and developmental delay are observed. The shepherd must eat fat according to a shift schedule: today. vegetable, tomorrow. animal.
What and how to feed a German Shepherd puppy in 1 month
A month-old German shepherd puppy is already familiar with a variety of foods and should eat 1 glass of feed per day. this is so, but you still need to focus not so much on the total volume, but on the general condition of the animal.
The feeding rate for each shepherd is individual, and it can only be established empirically.
The food should be eaten “in the lick”, and the satiated baby should calmly move away from the bowl to its place and, most likely, go to bed. If the eater is puffy after breakfast or lunch, give him a little diluted milk with magnesia, and it is better to reduce the portion next time.
The poor fellow who is not eating will “scrape” the bowl with his tongue for a long time, asking for supplements with his whole appearance. However, at this point, you do not need to add anything to the bowl, so as not to accustom the dog to handouts and begging. The portion will be increased on the next feeding.
Vitamins and minerals
To replenish the daily intake of vitamins, the dog should eat fresh herbs. parsley, green onions, lettuce, spinach, beet and carrot tops, scalded nettles. It is useful to give puppies sprouted oats and millet, which contain many useful microelements. Sprouted grains are given either fresh or dried and ground, no more than 1 tablespoon per day. It is also recommended to add mineral dressing, meat and bone meal, crushed shells. Pharmaceutical food sulfur is given for wool, yeast for digestion and appetite.
IMPORTANT: Puppies are also recommended to add ready-made vitamin complexes. tablets or granules to the diet. You should first consult a veterinarian. an overabundance of certain vitamins and minerals can lead to serious negative health consequences.
a loaf is very convenient to give along with kefir, milk. It also provides the pet with carbohydrates and fiber, and causes an increase in the production of gastrointestinal enzymes. You should choose rye or gray wheat varieties, a stale loaf is preferable to a fresh one. It is best to dry a rye loaf and give it in the form of crackers. You can also add crackers to meat broth.
With an excess of loaf (more than 100-150 g), the puppy may have increased gas production and constipation.
Milk and milk products are sources of protein and calcium, and partially replace meat. The amount of milk for a three month old puppy is usually reduced, but it can be left in the diet for up to six months. The puppies’ nutrition includes low-fat kefir and cottage cheese, they also give yogurt, plain yogurt, fermented baked milk. High fat dairy products should be avoided. Also, too much cottage cheese (more than 100g) can lead to constipation.
Feeding your German Shepherd puppy at 3 months
When receiving a three-month-old dog from a breeder, it is necessary to adhere to the menu, to which she has managed to get used to, for at least two weeks. During this time, the puppy experiences stress from the change of place, so you should not change the diet dramatically. Most often, three-month-old puppies are fed fresh, natural food. This choice is justified if at home it is possible to prepare food daily for frequent feeding.
If, due to lack of time, it is decided to feed the puppy with dry food, be sure to first discuss the schedule of the transition with the veterinarian.
You need to transfer the puppy gradually, dry food is given only separately from natural food. It is recommended to choose premium brands, but it should be remembered that balanced complete feeds differ in composition and have different feeding rates. Therefore, it is better to choose only one type of dry food, and also strictly follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the feeding regimen.
Approximate puppy menu for the day
Four meals a day, if possible, are carried out at regular intervals (about 4 hours). It is best to train your puppy to eat at a specific time. When drawing up a daily menu, it is recommended to adhere to the following scheme:
- Morning. cottage cheese or kefir.
- Noon / lunch. porridge with milk, egg (no more than twice a week).
- In the afternoon, late in the evening. porridge and meat (a combination of 2 to 1), vegetables, a spoonful of vegetable oil.
- In the evening, the final feeding is carried out. porridge with vegetables and meat (ratio 1 to 2).
Food should not be too hot or cold. It is best to focus on body temperature and try readiness with your finger. The puppy must eat while standing, this requires an adjustable bowl rack.
While the pet is eating, check the correct position of its paws. the front legs should be straightened, the back ones bent at the joints at an angle of 90 degrees. Change the height of the bowls if necessary.
Cereals and vegetables
Porridge is rich in easily digestible carbohydrates and high in calories. They are cooked from various types of cereals. buckwheat, rice, millet, rolled oats, semolina. Can be boiled in water or in whole milk solution. Puppies do not eat pearl barley and barley very willingly, so they are used in a mixture with others.
Vegetables are source of vitamins, organic acids, starch, mineral salts and phytoncides. Vegetables are given to puppies in raw and boiled form. beets, tomatoes, zucchini, cabbage, cucumbers and others. Potatoes are only given raw, like a delicacy. It is recommended to chop carrots and mix with a spoonful of vegetable or olive oil. Puppies are also given apples, berries. it is best to add them to cottage cheese.
At 3 months old, a German Shepherd puppy needs four meals a day
Puppy diet at 3 months
At three months, the need for milk is significantly reduced, so the puppy‘s diet is based on meat as the main source of protein, as well as cereals and vegetables that provide carbohydrates and fiber. Milk is replaced with fermented milk products that are easier to digest. Also, a well-formed diet must necessarily include fats and vitamin and mineral supplements.
Meat and animal products
The best choice of meat is lean beef, it can be fed raw or cooked. Raw meat contains more vitamins, so it is recommended to include it in the daily diet, at least 20% of the total. It is important to remember that raw meat can contain bacteria, worm eggs, so a frozen product should be used. The meat is given finely chopped, it is not recommended to use minced meat. it forms lumps in the stomach, therefore it is not completely absorbed.
At three months, meat becomes the basis of the diet of a German Shepherd puppy
You can also give boiled chicken meat, rabbit meat, add soft cartilage to the porridge. Fatty meats are poorly digested and can cause indigestion. Eggs are given separately. raw yolk can be added to cereals, the protein must be boiled and cut. Convenient to feed eggs like an omelet with milk.
It is recommended to add meat broths to the menu. substances boiled from bones are very useful for the proper development of the animal’s skeleton, and also help to establish the digestive tract. You need to cook such a broth over low heat for at least four hours, the finished liquid can also be used to add to cereals instead of milk.
IMPORTANT: You can give large beef bones that the dog cannot yet chew, but small chicken bones should be avoided. The puppy can injure the mucous membrane of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract with sharp fragments.
How to properly feed a 3 month old German Shepherd puppy
From three months, German shepherd puppies are finally transferred from mother’s milk to self-feeding, therefore it is at this age that it is recommended to transfer to new owners. A three-month-old puppy already requires less complex care, quickly adapts to new conditions, and you can begin to accustom him to walking on a leash. The development of the puppy during this period is very intensive, the teeth begin to change, the skeleton and muscle mass are actively built up, so it is important to choose the right feeding ration.
Water in the diet
A puppy needs access to clean water for normal digestion and life support. If the dog is on a natural food ration, then a certain amount of moisture is received by his body already with food. If the puppy is fed with dry food, then his need for water supply doubles. If the animal does not have enough water, then its digestion will be disrupted. food will not be able to be digested and absorbed by the body, and it will also be difficult to excrete it naturally due to the development of constipation.
In order for the puppy to drink fresh water, it must be changed periodically, since, mixing with the animal’s saliva, such water can become source of bacterial infection.
Before giving your dog tap water, you do not need to boil it, because it will lose all the trace elements necessary for the animal. But if the water in the tap does not meet sanitary standards, then the pet cannot be given it and it is better to replace the water with a bottled analogue.
Types and selection of finished feed
For feeding puppies, you can also use dry ready-to-eat food of industrial production, which fully meets the needs of the growing organism.
Foods with optimal protein and vitamin components include super-premium and holistic products. These types of feed are made from high quality natural meat raw materials, they do not contain genetically modified products, preservatives, chemical dyes and flavors. In addition, the cereals included in these feeds do not contain gluten, which is a strong allergen.
Starting from the age of two months, the dog should be fed industrially produced food in the form of canned food, pâtés, as well as meat pieces with jelly or gravy as a complementary food. Before giving the baby dry food, the granules are slightly soaked in water or broth.
The best wet food for growing dogs are listed below.
- Super premium canned food Hills Ideal Balance. They are made from chicken and turkey with the addition of vegetable components, bran, flaxseed and rice starch. The product is enriched with a complex of minerals and vitamins, and also has a balanced composition of essential fatty acids.
- Eukanuba super premium canned food. They are made from chicken meat and by-products with the addition of vegetables. The product is fortified, enriched with vegetable and animal fats, minerals, fully balanced for feeding puppies.
- Almo Nature products are super premium. It contains 50% natural meat and vegetable components. There are several options available as pate or canned food with chopped pieces of fish, meat cooked in their own juice, broth or jelly. All ingredients are natural, have a balanced composition for puppies.
- Belcando canned food for puppies. This is a holistic product, cooked in meat broth and contains chicken fillet pieces, as well as chicken offal and a whole chicken egg. This food is intended for puppies and is fortified with vitamins D, E, and also contains thistle oil and chia seeds.
- Almo Nature Bio Pate puppy pate, holistic class. Made from natural products: beef, poultry or fish. The pates are packaged in pouches of 100 g or 300 g. Additional ingredients are gluten-free vegetables and cereals. Each type of pate contains its own specific mineral supplements and vitamins.
Below are the best dry puppy foods.
- 1st Choice presents super premium dry food for puppies. The feed contains natural chicken meat, pearl barley or oatmeal, chopped beets and tomatoes. Granules intended for feeding puppies are small and enriched with a vitamin complex. The negative factor is that the product contains salt. The food is intended for puppies from 2 to 12 months of age.
- Eukanuba’s super premium food is designed for puppies from 1 to 12 months of age. The product contains chicken or turkey, as well as rice, wheat and corn. The feed is enriched with calcium and prebiotics. There are no flavors or preservatives in the feed.
- Trainer Dry Food has a super premium line of products designed for puppies from 1 to 10 months of age. The product contains natural turkey or chicken meat, as well as fish, pork, fruits and vegetables. The composition is completely balanced in terms of the ratio of vitamins and microelements, allowing the puppy to grow and develop quickly.
- Acana holistic food has a line designed for puppies. This food is suitable for a fast-growing organism and is balanced in the amount of proteins and carbohydrates. The share of natural meat in feed is at least 60-65%. In addition to it, the composition includes hypoallergenic oats, as well as fruits and vegetables. Using this food, you can be sure that your puppy will receive a daily dose of vitamins and proteins.
- Dry food Grandorf holistic class is intended for puppies, as it contains only high quality ingredients. The food is made from beef, veal, lamb, turkey. In addition, it contains vegetables and fruits. These feeds do not contain by-products and cereals, but they are enriched with a balanced complex of vitamins and minerals.
When choosing food for a puppy, you must remember that good quality food will be the key to his health in adulthood. Whenever possible, it is best to use super-premium and holistic food to feed the baby, and the choice of the brand should be made based on the needs of the pet’s body.
The more nutritious the food, the less it will be required to saturate the animal.
What can be given from natural products?
For a growing puppy of 2-3 months old, the most important thing is to get enough energy from food, which the dog needs for active movement and development. In addition, complete food is the so-called building material for a young dog’s body, and thanks to this, the animal grows and develops bones, muscles, internal organs.
Closer to three months, the dog’s natural diet should consist of 70-75% of foods that contain a lot of protein: low-fat meats and ocean fish, dairy products, eggs. To improve the functioning of the digestive tract, porridge and boiled vegetables should be added to the puppy’s food, and their volume in the daily diet should take up to 10%.
Below are natural foods that are suitable for feeding a puppy at 2 and 3 months.
- Milk and whey. Milk is used both as a separate food and for preparing complementary cereals based on it. Whole goat’s milk is best absorbed in the puppy’s body. But if it is not possible to purchase it, then it can be replaced with a cow analogue, but only in a diluted form. Whey for puppies can be added to food in small quantities. it is source of lactic acid bacteria and microelements.
- Cottage cheese, sour cream, kefir. Sour milk products with a low proportion of fat content are fed to puppies 2-3 times a day for the introduction of calcium into the body and enrichment of the intestinal microflora. You can use cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream and even small pieces of semi-hard cheese.
- Meat and organ meats are the main source of energy and protein for a dog. The kid can be fed with beef, rabbit, chicken or turkey, horse meat and veal. Boil the chicken and turkey and remove the skin. Other types of meat can be given both raw and boiled. From by-products, puppies are recommended to give beef tripe, lung, udder, liver, after cutting them into small pieces.
- Saltwater fish and seafood. Meat can be replaced with fish twice a week. for this, fillets of pollock, mackerel, hake, cod, peeled from skin and bones, are suitable. Crushed squid or shrimp can be fed to puppies. Such food contains essential Omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for the full development of a growing dog.
- Fresh vegetables are an essential part of a dog’s natural diet. Vegetables contain not only minerals and vitamins, but also plant fiber, which helps to improve digestive processes and cleanse the intestines. It is best for puppies to add fresh fruits and vegetables to their food, rubbed through a coarse grater. But you can use vegetables and stewed with porridge or curd mass.
A growing dog will benefit from zucchini, as well as pumpkin, carrots, beets, turnips, and parsley or spinach leaves.
- Fruits, berries. These ingredients are not only a treat for puppies, but also a vitamin supplement. Fruits are peeled, fruit seeds are removed, and then crushed on a coarse grater. Small berries can be given whole, slightly mashing them. Fruits and berries should be given raw to the dog to retain more nutrients. Apple, pear, apricot, peach, raspberry are suitable for kids.
- Cereals. They are necessary in the baby’s diet in the form of cereals. At 2-3 months, porridge is cooked for puppies using milk, and when they grow up, milk is replaced with water or vegetable broth. Porridge is only a small part of the diet and cannot completely replace the entire amount of daily nutrition for a puppy. For cooking porridge, buckwheat, rice, semolina or oatmeal are used. Introducing cereals into the diet, it is necessary to observe the reaction of the dog’s body and, if symptoms of allergy appear, refuse to use it.
How Much To Feed A German Shepherd Puppy For Best Results?
- Egg. It is a very valuable protein product and should be given to puppies at least 2 times a week. Puppies should be fed an omelet or crushed boiled egg yolk. Quail eggs are considered the most beneficial for a dog’s health.
- Fats. In a small amount, vegetable or butter is added to the puppies’ food. Babies should also be given slave fat. The animal’s body needs fats all the time, so the puppy should eat them every day.
When composing a menu for a puppy, it must be remembered that his food is different from what a person is used to eating, so you do not need to add salt, spices, smoked meats and canned food to the diet. Exotic foods, canned foods and sausages should be avoided.
What and how to feed a puppy at 2-3 months?
The first 30 days after birth, puppies feed exclusively on mother’s milk, but already in the second month, the dairy diet of babies is supplemented with the first complementary foods. The correct composition of the diet at such an early age is the key to the health of an adult dog, since it is at the age of two months that the animal forms the correct eating habits. Because of what breed the pet belongs to, how its metabolism occurs, and also how genetically predisposed it is to this or that type of food, the order of drawing up a daily nutrition program for it also depends.
The puppy can be fed with either natural food or special and balanced commercially produced ready-to-eat foods. The most difficult task is considered to be feeding the dog with natural food, since in this case the owner is responsible for the correct preparation of the menu for the baby.
In order to avoid mistakes, the owner needs not only to study the physiology of the pet’s digestion as thoroughly as possible, but also to know the features of the products with which he will feed the dog.
Food for a growing puppy should be nutritious and high in calories. To properly organize a healthy diet for a puppy, you need to take into account that it must be performed strictly at certain times. This mode allows the dog to develop a conditioned reflex, and when the time comes for feeding, it will have a sufficient amount of digestive enzymes necessary to digest and assimilate the food eaten.
It is required to feed a puppy at 2 months at least 5 times a day, and sometimes the dog needs to be given food 6 times a day. The distribution of eating periods depends on the capabilities of the owner and the dog, but it is best if the meals are carried out at regular intervals without long hunger breaks. The nutritional norm of a 3-month-old puppy should also be at least 5 times a day. The most important thing is to comply with the food intake regime built by the owner and not break it, so that the dog can get used to it.
A sample natural food menu for a two month old puppy will look like this:
- 8.00. first morning meal: cottage cheese 1% fat with stewed vegetables;
- 11.00. buckwheat porridge with pieces of raw meat;
- 14.00. stewed vegetables with boiled meat;
- 17.00. kefir and cottage cheese, in a 1: 1 ratio, you can additionally grind half of the egg yolk;
- 20.00. rice porridge in vegetable broth with vegetables and raw meat;
- 22.00. boiled meat.
Menu for a three-month-old puppy fed with ready-to-eat foods:
- 7.30. dry food granules should be poured with warm vegetable broth, after swelling, mix with meat paste;
- 10.30. canned food in lamb sauce;
- 13.30. pour dry food granules with warm diluted meat broth and add stewed vegetables;
- 16.30. meat pâté and yolk of one chicken egg;
- 19.30. dry food granules should be poured with warm vegetable broth and mixed with canned meat.
The norm of the daily amount of food depends on which breed the pet belongs to. For example, miniature dogs will eat less than mongrels, and larger breeds require a larger portion of food. Large and active breeds of dogs, which already from puppyhood move a lot and get physical activity, often need to be given additional complexes of vitamins and minerals. It is best to choose such a vitamin composition together with a veterinarian.
You need to determine the size of portions for natural feeding based on the dog’s breed and its weight. The average daily needs of a dog aged 2-3 months in a particular product will be as follows:
- meat. 250-300 g;
- groats. 100-150 g;
- vegetables. 170-200 g;
- milk. 400-450 g;
- sea fish. 30-35 g;
- fish oil. 1 teaspoon.
When composing a diet for a puppy, it must be borne in mind that dogs of small and medium breeds should daily add 15-20 g in weight, and large breeds of dogs add 150-170 g of live weight every day.
Among experienced dog breeders, there is an opinion that three-month-old puppies need so much food per day so that its volume is at least 7% of their weight. The need for a growing body in good nutrition depends on the speed of metabolic processes, ambient temperature, the presence or absence of stressful situations, physical activity, hair density and many other factors.
You should watch your pet when he eats:
- if within 10 minutes his bowl is empty, then this means that there is enough food for the dog;
- if the food ends earlier than after 10 minutes, then there is little food for the animal;
- if after this time the bowl contains leftover food, it means that the owner is overfeeding the dog.
However, this principle of assessing the optimal amount of food is very conditional, and it is not worth taking it as the main guide to action.
For how to feed a puppy, see the next video.
How to feed a shepherd
Having knowledge about what to feed the German Shepherd will allow to provide the animal with the most optimal diet, which in turn will be a guarantee of the normal development of the dog, its health and long life. The list of what you need to feed the dog depends significantly on its age, place of detention, as well as a number of other factors.
Below we will consider the basic requirements for drawing up the correct diet for an animal.
How to feed a German Shepherd puppy from 6 months to a year
The list of permitted foods does not change from that shown for puppies at 4 and 5 months of age. The difference lies in a decrease in the frequency of feeding and an increase in the daily amount of food. Starting from six months of age and until reaching one year, the amount of food taken should be about one and a half liters per day, divided into three meals.
In addition to observing the correct composition of the diet, it is also necessary to adhere to the general rules of feeding. For example, if your puppy refuses to eat a certain amount of food, you shouldn’t force-feed him. Leftover food must be removed, only a bowl of clean water is left next to the animal.
The best way to feed a shepherd puppy at 3 months
The diet at this age differs little from that recommended for a two-month-old puppy. The main difference is the gradual increase in the consumption of cottage cheese and meat. For example, if it is recommended to give 200 g of cottage cheese for the first morning feeding of a two-month-old puppy, then for a three-month old this amount increases to 250 g.
The amount of food should be four glasses, the number of feedings. five.
What to feed a shepherd puppy
Depending on the age of the puppy, the list of foods allowed for him will differ significantly, since the animal’s body can not cope with all types of foods.
Briefly, the change in the dog’s diet can be summarized as follows:
What can you feed your German Shepherd puppy at 5 months
The list of products, as well as the total amount of daily food, is completely similar to that indicated for a four-month-old puppy.
How to feed your German Shepherd puppy at 4 months
At this age, milk feeding is carried out no more than once a day. The main difference in the diet of a puppy at this age is the ability to eat fish as a supplement to meat or as a substitute.
The fish should be given to the dog seafood, since by the totality of the substances it contains, it is the most useful. The puppy can eat the fish raw, but only after it has been properly cleaned. removed fins, scales, head, and the remaining meat passed through a meat grinder.
The amount of food is increased to five glasses or approximately one liter, the number of feedings is reduced to four.
How to feed a shepherd dog
The presence of specific foods in the diet will depend on the age of the animal, therefore, the basic requirements for the diet of a young dog that can accept all types of food suitable for it can be cited as universal recommendations. For example, a shepherd dog should not be given fish per month.
Thus, the list of essential foods for a shepherd dog includes:
- milk and dairy products;
- various types of cereals;
- vegetables and fruits.
How to feed a shepherd puppy: the right diet
Strong bones, quick reaction, training for shows as “excellent”. these qualities are laid in your pet by his parents. What can you do to raise your future champion? Read How to Feed Your German Shepherd Puppy to Develop Its Best Breed Characteristics.
Two types of dog food: industrial food and organic food
You have decided to have a shepherd puppy. The first thing you do is ask the breeder about what to feed your baby. Ask the seller in detail about what the dog was fed before, how much milk was given to it daily. It is important to find out at what time the baby received food, and what type of food was. industrial food or natural products.
Focus on the breeder’s answers and provide the pet with exactly the same diet in the new place for the first two weeks. What is it for?
Any changes in the puppy’s life are stressful, including changes in nutrition. The gradual replacement of the usual milk and meat or dry food with the one of your choice will help the puppy to avoid stress.
Two weeks passed, the pet got used to the new place. it’s time to change the diet. Let’s understand the features of feeding dry food and natural products.
How to feed a German shepherd. Dry food
Your puppy has a predatory instinct. The wild beast tears apart its prey and swallows not only the meat of a hare or partridge together with bones, but also the insides and contents of the stomach. Therefore, the predator’s diet contains meat, acorns, wild berries, grass and grain. Industrial pet food manufacturers formulate their products around these nutritional needs of your puppy.
All industrial feeds are conditionally divided into 4 classes depending on the source and quality of ingredients in the feed, the presence of vitamins and minerals, useful additives, as well as preservatives and dyes. The higher the class, the more expensive the feed.
- Economy class feed. Animal protein in such food is negligible or not at all. It is often replaced with animal fats or bone meal. The food attracts the dog only due to the flavoring additives. The dog does not gorge itself on cheap dry food and constantly demands food. Economy class feed has a high consumption.
- Premium food. The composition contains high quality ingredients, vitamins and nutrients, without preservatives, dyes and flavors. The main source of protein is real meat products. Vegetable protein is obtained here from corn. Stabilizers and preservatives approved by the European Economic Community are used in premium feed. For example citric acid and ethoxyquin.
- Super premium food. They include products of the highest quality: lamb meat, turkey or Atlantic fish fillets, eggs as source of high biological value protein. Super Premium Food contains the best sources of fiber for your Shepherd Dog: beets, grains, rice. The manufacturer adds proteins, fats and carbohydrates from the primary ingredients to it and produces it on special equipment.
- Holistic class food. The composition contains environmentally friendly ingredients. For example, fillet of lamb or salmon. The manufacturer did not skimp on the inclusion in the composition of fruits, vegetables and dietary supplements. Holistic food is a real healthy diet, as close as possible to the natural diet of a shepherd.
The main advantage of industrial dog food is that it saves you time. You don’t waste time cooking. You use a ready-made diet, thought out by the manufacturer in terms of composition. The daily serving size and how many times a day to feed your German Shepherd, the manufacturer has already indicated on the package. Included in expensive high-quality feed vitamins, ensured the balance of micro- and macroelements.
You select a diet suitable for your shepherd dog and use it constantly. the dog does not need variety.