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How to feed a dog to have milk

Diet of a lactating dog

feed, milk

A nursing bitch needs special care during the prenatal and postpartum period. It takes a lot of effort for a dog to feed puppies to produce high-grade milk.

Provide a special diet for the lactating bitch.
A certain role in its compilation is played by the number of puppies, if there are more than five of them, it is necessary to provide your dog with increased protein (by 30%) and fat (20-25%) in food, the most attention is required for the period 3 weeks after giving birth, the puppies are still quite small to eat only independently, and the mother’s body is already exhausted by breastfeeding.

Let’s list some of the nuances of feeding a lactating bitch:

1) for the first three days, do not overfeed and not give unfamiliar food, so as not to cause upset stool, as a rule, at this time the dog refuses dry food, behaves restlessly (this is due to the fact that milk arrives gradually)

2) increasing the diet
the first week after childbirth by 1.5 times (exclude meat products to prevent eclampsia, replace with fish and cottage cheese, liquid cereals, meat broth with cereals), frequency of feeding 4 times a day,
do not forget about vitamins and minerals if the dog is fed naturally.
the second week. twice, you can gradually include raw meat (goulash) in the diet
third week. 2.5. 3 times (for every 4 puppies, the amount of food doubles), it is necessary to diversify the diet, add half a teaspoon of bone meal twice a day, ascorbic acid with glucose 1 tablet a day.

3) the calorie content of food is at least 427 calories per 100g of food

If the dog is fed dry food, it is necessary to transfer it to dry food for puppies and pregnant bitches, it contains more protein, which is so necessary for a nursing dog.
If babies, with an outwardly healthy appearance, squeak restlessly and do not gain weight, they may not have enough breast milk.
To increase lactation in a dog, prepare the following mixture: walnut apilak tablet (bee pollen) 1 tablespoon of honey give three times a day, if there are no allergic manifestations, prepare a fresh portion every day.

Spitz walks after childbirth

Walking in the postpartum period is necessary, as always, the more they have a beneficial effect on the process of milk production and help the dog to regain physical shape. But in the first week after puppyhood, they should be quite short: the dog should relieve itself. and immediately go home to the puppies, that is, about 15 minutes (walk no more than four times a day). Since at this time the mother dog is reluctant to move away from the puppies, she herself will adjust the time of your walk and, accordingly, after a while she will begin to increase it: from the second week she will walk for about half an hour. Usually, the duration of the walk returns to your usual rhythm after three weeks.

Walking is the best and most convenient time to change diapers in the nest: this way you don’t disturb mommy by touching her puppies.

To protect the nipples from dirt, insect bites, and sagging mammary glands, wear a veterinary blanket or a light raincoat on the dog.

At the end of the walk, do not forget to treat the nipples and paws of the Spitz with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) or other drugs, after which you can allow mom to return to her children.

If your dog is not producing enough milk

If it so happens that the mother’s dog has decreased milk production (for example, on the 3-5th day, when colostrum is replaced by milk), you need to resort to various types of stimulation of milk flow. Make sure that the Spitz’s nutrition is complete, plentiful and, importantly, varied, as variety will increase the palatability. Also, give your dog more fermented milk products. kefir, cottage cheese, as well as rice porridge with meat. Small amounts of walnuts can be added to the diet.

If this does not work, contact your veterinarian, he will prescribe some medication aimed at stimulating lactation (for example, Apilak). But sometimes everything is more complicated: a decrease in the amount of milk or its complete absence may be the result of some kind of disease or hormonal imbalance, inflammation of the mammary glands or some kind of internal inflammation can also be the reasons for a decrease in milk production.

If the mother does not have enough milk, artificial feeding of the puppies should be started. Feeding can be started from 10-15-20 days (depending on the amount of milk produced by the bitch). You will notice when the puppies are running low on available milk: they will bite the mother’s nipples. Do not wait for the bitch to reduce milk production or it will disappear altogether. start feeding the puppies on time, because it is at this time that they need high-quality material for proper development and growth.

How to feed a dog after giving birth for normal lactation

Dressings with synthomycin emulsion should be used if cracked nipples are found.
Within 2-3 days after giving birth, the bitch may have no appetite, but she must be fed after 6-8 hours.

These days, the shepherd must have constant access to water.
Feeding the dog on the following days of the first week should be done 4 times a day. The diet should include vitamin and mineral supplements. You need to feed the bitch mainly with liquid food: milk, cottage cheese, liquid cereals, with good tolerance, you can give fermented milk products. Meat soup with cereals and boiled meat should be included in the diet in small portions and gradually.
Drinking plenty of fluids increases lactation in a lactating bitch.
In the second week, the bitch can begin to feed raw meat in small pieces. The daily nutrient requirements of a lactating bitch weighing 40 kg are as follows:
270 g protein;
60 g fat;
470 g of easily digestible carbohydrates;
35 g fiber.
In the third week, the feeding of the shepherd should become more varied and abundant so that both she and the puppies can get enough nutrients.
Due to the fact that bitches differ in the quantity and quality of milk produced, their nutritional requirements may deviate from the average and should be calculated individually.

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Forum “My Dog SAO” Club “My Dog SAO” Dog breeding food after childbirth

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SOS. Dear SAOvody help with advice! 12.12.16 my Gerdochka became a mother for the first time, 11 puppies. I have a question about feeding because if I understand correctly now this is the basis of the basics. so now we feed it like this, rice-millet porridge (buckwheat) with the addition of oatmeal (eats about 2-2.5 liters per day), cottage cheese 150-250 grams, since yesterday I began to add boiled meat (chicken breast, stomachs) into porridge. just empty (with butter) she stopped eating. I cooked jelly from chicken heads and necks, I chose hard bones. I will add to the porridge. 2-3 times a week, a raw egg. We feed not in large portions. 4-5 times a day. From the supplements, the mamacaltium dog, the excel-pharmacy analogue of lactogon (I do not remember the name), divided the supplements in half and give them in the morning and in the evening. in any, tea with milk only on the first day has now refused to drink, does not drink water. I manage to get to drink only milk (goat) today we will try to give stewed vegetables (cabbage, zucchini). So I kind of explained the situation (if I missed something, I’ll get better) actually questions. what to fix (add, subtract) in the diet? when can you introduce raw meat, in particular a scar? which fish is better to introduce? and why refuses to drink? she could have come up to a bowl of water once a day before, but now that feeds, the body needs water.
P.S. I’m a beginner on the forum, I have not yet found a specific answer, if there is a similar request to the adnins, do not be angry about the clone of the topic, but transfer it to it, show compassion to the beginner: friends:

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Good afternoon, Sergey, unfortunately I cannot tell you, we will wait for experienced breeders. Your topic is very helpful, I’m here with a request)
It would be very helpful if experienced breeders could share how they feed their dogs during pregnancy and lactation. When feeding natural and if someone feeds with drying. I looked through the topics already available on the forum and there is nothing detailed and understandable. I understand that everyone does not have enough time, but maybe Lena (ZarKalem) or LADA (ProstoSAO) or Tanya (Rainbow) or someone else with great experience will share their advice. : tender:

From my own experience, I can only share “ancient” advice. We gave tea with condensed milk so as not to provoke stomach upset in bitches. Not all dogs tolerate milk well. Raw meat was injected only on the 10th day after delivery. They gave porridge, cottage cheese, kefir, scalded meat, boiled fish, steamed vegetables (mostly carrots) You should not get carried away with protein food, so as not to provoke eclampsia. This is when they were fed straight. And when they already switched to dry food, I bought food for lactating bitches “(if memory serves, Royal Canin)

I would have delayed the scar, but the specialists in the CAO may disagree with me 🙂

There is essentially no difference between raw and scalded tripe. I don’t understand the meaning of this procedure at all
And such a question is why the first 10 days are not recommended to give raw meat? How is it related to the manifestation of eclampsia?

Nastya, as far as I know, an excess of protein food is often the cause of eclampsia. Particularly at risk are dogs that have eaten afterbirth.

Nastya, as far as I know, an excess of protein food is often the cause of eclampsia. Particularly at risk are dogs that have eaten afterbirth.

I just never was particularly interested in this topic, now I read something. But cottage cheese, milk, eggs are the same protein, so I don’t understand why they sin on meat. But the afterbirths seem to stimulate childbirth and lactation on the contrary, and in nature, animals eat them. Although I know that our CAO is already far from natural conditions.

But the afterbirths seem to stimulate childbirth and lactation on the contrary, and in nature, animals eat them. Although I know that our CAO is already far from natural conditions.
Yes, but under natural conditions, the animals do not leave their puppies and do not hunt for the first days after giving birth. I usually reduced the amount of meat before childbirth and after childbirth the same. And dairy products. in particular, cottage cheese contains calcium, impairments in the absorption of calcium and leads to eclampsia. The fish was given cooked, because it contains phosphorus, which is involved in calcium metabolism. With a large amount of protein foods, the balance of calcium in the blood is disturbed.
Oh, I got it wrong 🙂 I understand it myself, but it’s difficult to explain it in an accessible way;)

How To Help Increase and Boost Your Nursing Lactating Dogs Milk Supply

today the ears and tails were cropped, the owner of the nursery cut it. About the scar she said while feeding in any form is impossible

Yes, but under natural conditions, the animals do not leave their puppies and do not hunt for the first days after giving birth. I usually reduced the amount of meat before childbirth and after childbirth the same. And dairy products. in particular, cottage cheese contains calcium, impairments in the absorption of calcium and leads to eclampsia. The fish was given cooked, because it contains phosphorus, which is involved in calcium metabolism. With a large amount of protein foods, the balance of calcium in the blood is disturbed.
Oh, I got it wrong 🙂 I understand it myself, but it’s difficult to explain it in an accessible way;)

I found this “Directed studies were carried out, as a result of which it was established that the dog’s body, with conditionally consumed 100% of the daily calcium intake,” spends “no more than 30% on the work of internal organs and systems, and 70% or even more is spent only on digestion and assimilation of animal protein food. in other words, meat. ” But I don’t know who the author is.
Plus, I remembered that for the correct assimilation of calcium, there must be a certain ratio of it to phosphorus. Perhaps that is why, when feeding with meat, the absorption of calcium deteriorates, because there is much more phosphorus in it. Well, that’s me) it just became interesting, maybe someday I’ll decide to start a lady)

today the ears and tails were cropped, the owner of the nursery cut it. About the scar she said while feeding in any form is impossible
And what did you say about the meat? All the same, the bitch needs protein for the normal development of puppies and for herself.

the bitch needs protein for the normal development of the puppies
Protein is now boiled fish and cottage cheese, milk is required.
Sergey, try boiling porridge in water, using 2/3 of the liquid, after boiling off the water, add 1/3 of the milk and boil it. Wait another week with meat, tripe, offal. Cottage cheese, milk, you can increase, and give vegetables a little later, so as not to cause diarrhea in children. loaf, pasta. again with milk. Yes. in the first week, increase the usual soldering by 1.5 times, the second by 2 times, the third by 2.5 times. And so everything seems to be fed correctly. I forgot))) while changing the water for sweet tea with milk.

Protein is now boiled fish and cottage cheese, milk is required.

I mean after 10 days. Because the breeder did not recommend giving a scar until the end of the feeding

I will not argue with anyone, everyone has their own opinion. I’ll just tell you how I do it, especially as Nastya wrote correctly, more than one litter of our kennel was born and grew up in front of the members of the forum)))
The first 4 weeks after mating, the nutrition of the bitches does not change in any way, the same diet: porridge and vegetables in the morning, raw meat / tripe / fish in the evening. Well, of course additives: eggs, vegetable oil, etc.
From the 5th week, a third feeding is added: fermented milk cheese, sometimes hololitsa. Gradually increasing in volume.
So we feed until the very birth. I do not remove either meat or tripe from the diet.
From supplements from 4-5 weeks I add calcium.
During labor, I give the bitch to eat as much afterbirth as she wants. Mine always eat everything, even if there are 12))). This also has a good effect on the process of childbirth and lactation. It should be remembered that many bitches only receive milk for 2-3 days. And before that comes only colostrum. It is not abundant, but it is very valuable and nutritious for puppies. So don’t make a bitch drink tea milk in liters.

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Nutrition of the dog in the postpartum period

Feed spitz in the first three days after childbirth, you need exclusively easily digestible food, it is desirable that it is not hard and tough, the best option is fermented milk products. The portions should not be large, but should be fed several times a day. The Spitz must have constant access to clean and fresh water. As the puppies grow, the mother’s body begins to demand high-quality and more high-calorie food: every week the dog’s need for calories does not grow by 25%.

Now the food becomes plentiful, you can introduce a young mother into the diet broth, liquid meat soup with rice / semolina / crushed oatmeal, as well as boiled meat. During the first week. ten days, you cannot feed the Spitz with very high-calorie food and raw meat: such nutrition can provoke eclampsia (complications after childbirth. eclampsia) and stimulate increased milk production, which puppies do not need in such quantities, and mastitis can develop from stagnant milk (complications after childbirth. mastitis).

It is important to introduce into the diet of a lactating dog

  • fresh meat, because it is source of energy, protein, and also contributes to the production of more milk;
  • bones and bone meal with chalk(add to food at the rate of 10g / day), which provide the dog with phosphate lime;
  • and fresh vegetables, herbs, fish oil (20g / day) as source of vitamins.

For the maximum possible assimilation of the consumed food, transfer the dog to three meals a day. It is important to keep the bowl clean and wash it after each meal so that food particles will not remain in the bowl and sour. In addition to these sour pieces, various poor quality products can also cause gastrointestinal upset, impair the digestibility of food and reduce the quality of milk produced, so avoid using them as food for a lactating bitch.

It is very convenient to feed the Spitz after giving birth with ready-made commercial food intended for puppies. they are great for lactating dogs. Check with your veterinarian to help you find the most suitable food. If you feed the dog with dry food familiar to it, it is advisable to steam it with warm water or dilute it with kefir.

Ask your doctor about the need to include some vitamin and mineral supplements in the dog’s diet.

During the first few days after the birth of the puppies, the bitch may become weak. This is a fairly common phenomenon, there is nothing terrible in it. Therefore, to stabilize the digestive system, simply give the dog rice water or heavily boiled rice porridge, you can also give activated charcoal. But! Under no circumstances should you give the bitch any stomach pills or other medications, because they, getting into milk, can adversely affect the health of the puppies.

Monitor puppies’ stools closely: if you notice that the puppy (s) is weak, you need to make adjustments to the nutrition of the mother dog.

If a young Spitz mother does not want to leave her children even to eat, just put bowls of food and water near her nest.

You should not be alarmed by a slightly elevated (up to 39.3 ° C) body temperature of the dog, it indicates increased milk production.

As soon as the period of breastfeeding comes to an end (6-7 weeks), it is necessary to reduce the calorie intake of mommy’s diet.

How to feed a dog after giving birth?

This should be done gradually, not abruptly. If the diet remains unchanged, the Spitz will gain excess weight very quickly.

What to feed a lactating dog

Feeding a lactating dog

Gamavit course 1ml per day n / c for a week.
Starting at 4-5 weeks, puppies are gradually transferred to solid food. Weaning should be done gradually, reducing the number of feedings and, if possible, removing the mother.
If there is an urgent need to stop feeding:

  • remove the mother from the puppies, do not let them into the room where they are
  • cut down on her food and drink
  • you can make a compress on the nipples of camphor oil
  • veterinary drug galastop 0.1 ml per kg drip into the mouth for 4-5 days.

Reviews of galastop are controversial, 50/50. For some, it helps a lot, but for some animals it is categorically unsuitable. Consult a competent veterinarian.

  • Put on a lightweight jumpsuit on the dog’s body (it’s easy to make it yourself, make holes for the legs in old tights).
  • Watch for mastitis.

The first puppy food

Feed puppies with only one complementary food initially

Weaning is an important and even critical period for a puppy, which can be harmful to health. But everything will be fine if you know how to do it correctly and carefully monitor your diet. This period will be especially dangerous for weakened and lagging puppies. Try to gradually make changes to your toddler’s diet.

It is very important that puppies are initially fed with only one type of complementary food. This must be done no more than once a day. Let the growing body get used to minor changes so that problems do not arise in the future. Make sure toddlers are good at absorbing the new diet before increasing the dosage.

The next step is to offer the puppies extra food twice a day. Then gradually expand the diet and feed three times a day. Gradually increase the amount of new food until the bitch is weaned completely. You can completely remove babies from mother’s milk at 5-6 weeks. We emphasize once again: it is very important to do everything gradually so as not to harm the health of the puppies. Warm up complementary foods to breast milk temperature, (approximately 38 ° C).

You can add boiled chicken fillet to the diet. Rabbit meat is also ideal for complementary foods. At the age of 5-6 weeks, babies need to be fed 5 times a day, of which 3. with dairy products, 2. with meat with porridge. Sometimes you can give your puppies some boiled fish. Be sure to have a good look at the pieces before giving them to babies so that there are no bones.

Be sure to feed the puppies with fermented milk products (cottage cheese and bifilin). Boil an egg several times a week and feed the children only the yolk. You can also dilute the diet with rice porridge with meat. It is important that the rice is boiled and does not clog the puppies’ stomach. For a change, include special soaked dry food in the kids’ day menu.

When using premium feed, there will be no nutritional problems, but only if you consistently and correctly follow all the recommendations for using this product. Around this time, the bitch will already get tired of her children and will only spend time with them at night.

Diet of a lactating dog

The lactation period lasts an average of 4-6 weeks. Until 20-25 days from the moment of delivery, the secretory activity of the mammary gland increases, and then gradually decreases. Over the past decades, there have been many studies that have helped determine what nutrition a dog needs after giving birth at different stages of lactation.

Most of the minerals and vitamins do not accumulate in the body, if they are not supplied with food, they will not be at all, neither in the body, and even more so in milk.

Is it OK for Dogs to Drink Milk? ⚠

The diet should include the following foods:

Caring for a shepherd dog after childbirth

An important and responsible time for a given birth dog of any breed is the postpartum period, which lasts at least one month.

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It is worth noting that all responsibility for the health of the pet again falls on its owner, the basic rules during this period:

  • protect the dog, already exhausted by childbirth, from stressful situations, creating a calm, favorable environment in the house;
  • do not leave the dog unattended in the first hours after giving birth alone with puppies (for example, German shepherds, puppies for the first time, can either crush the babies, or damage their neck during careless licking; in addition, the dog’s refusal of puppies or constant attempts to kill them is a clear sign of a serious illness in puppies);
  • do not allow mommy to come into contact with foreign animals in order to avoid infection with any infections (for at least 3 weeks, the dog’s immunity will be weakened and it will not always cope with the attacks of external pathogens of various diseases);
  • if you notice the problems listed below, immediately call your veterinarian.

If the dog eats prepared foods

Ready-made feeds usually mean “drying” feeding the dog after giving birth. If the owners plan to feed the pet with dry food throughout lactation, it is worth considering a few points:

  • Premium and super premium feeds are distinguished by a wide range, which should include rations for pregnant and lactating bitches. To a greater or lesser extent, they are acceptable and meet almost all the needs of the body during this period;
  • You need to pay attention to the percentage of protein in the range of 24-28%;
  • If the manufacturer does not produce special diets for lactating, use food for puppies;
  • Dry food requires a lot of moisture to digest, and even if the dog drinks abundantly, there may not be enough water to produce the required amount of milk. Therefore, “drying”, especially in the first 2-3 weeks of lactation, is recommended to be soaked before feeding or replaced with liquid feed of the same company.
  • Fermented milk products, cottage cheese, vitamin and mineral supplements are added to the diet.

Immediately after childbirth

You should not offer food immediately after the end of childbirth, since the pet has its own way to start the active work of the body, replenish the supply of nutrients.

The fact is that after each puppy, the bitch also gives birth to the afterbirth. the bag in which the cub developed. Outwardly, this place looks like a shriveled small piece of liver, which the bitch eats in order to replenish the necessary vitamins and minerals. At this point, the owners are faced with a problem that does not occur in the wild.

The fact is that untamed canines sharply have more than 4 puppies, usually 2-3. Accordingly, 2-4 placenta completely solve the problem of postpartum nutrition, without overloading the digestive system.

However, domestic dogs often produce more numerous offspring. Allowing to eat so many “places” means giving the animal too much hormones, substances, which is also dangerous. Take everything away. do not give material that is important for the initial milk production and rapid recovery.

Many owners choose the middle ground, feeding the bitch 3-4 afterbirth during childbirth, and removing the rest. Overeating afterbirth can cause severe diarrhea for several days.

The dog, reinforced with a natural “energy bar”, will be full for 5-6 hours, so there is no need to feed it additionally at that time.

As soon as the whole procedure is completed, you can gradually restore nutrition, which during this period is subject to special rules:

  • Maximum fluid. In order to produce the required amount of milk and at the same time the mother does not suffer from dehydration, thoroughly give her fresh filtered water. If an animal has an attack of diarrhea, you should pay special attention to water, as its amount in the body will rapidly decrease.
  • We look at the state. If the dog is very emaciated, has diarrhea or complications, then it is better to temporarily transfer the puppies to a bitch substitute or goat milk.
  • Foods must be fast-digesting and moist enough.
  • It is worth preparing rice porridge in advance, as it has a strengthening effect and will help to cope with diarrhea, and a high calorie content will give additional strength for recovery.
  • Avoid dry food or soak it vigorously from the second half of pregnancy. The fact is that granules are a dried concentrate, which requires a lot of liquid to acquire its full form. If you feed a newly born dog with such granules, then they will draw out all the water and interfere with the formation of milk, even with a sufficient amount of drinking. Most owners prefer to transfer their pet to completely natural food for a while in order to avoid such problems.
  • Fish, meat are temporarily excluded from the diet, as they take too long to digest.
  • By-products. Liver, heart, well cooked, turned into a paste are best.
  • Mashed vegetables.
  • Hard-boiled eggs or scrambled eggs. At the same time, an important part is protein, but it is better not to overdo it with the yolk, giving one little thing every few days.
  • Dairy products. Especially calcined cottage cheese with a fat content of at least 5% and not higher than 9%, kefir, natural yogurt without additives.
  • Cereals.
  • Diet low-fat broth.
  • Milk should be given carefully and carefully watching the consequences. The doggie can take it with a bang, or it can get an upset stomach, even if such a reaction has not been observed before.

First week after giving birth

During the first three days after giving birth, the dog may have no appetite. Despite this, you need to offer food every 6-8 hours and make sure that at least a little is eaten. The best way to feed your dog after giving birth depends on your pet’s preferences, usually milk porridge or meat puree with vegetables.

As appetite is restored, the usual daily food intake is increased by half and divided into 5-6 meals. You need to feed the dog mainly with liquid food: porridge in water or milk, give sour milk, kefir or yogurt, provided that lactose is well tolerated. Vitamin and mineral supplements are introduced, which are given until the end of lactation. In some cases, natural restorative agents are shown, for example, royal milk.

In the first 5-7 days after giving birth, it is better to replace meat in a dog with more easily digestible types of protein. lean sea fish, cottage cheese. Also, fresh vegetables and fruits are not given in the first week. Boiled meat products are recommended to be introduced only from 4-5 days, it should be lean meat (chicken, turkey, rabbit, beef) or offal (heart, liver, stomach). Everything that the mother eats is also received by the little ones, so it is important to make sure that the puppies do not have a disorder, it is easy to spot it by the soiled “priests” and tails.

2 and 3 weeks of lactation

The first week flew by unnoticed, how to feed the giving birth dog further? Starting from the second week, the diet is made more varied. Introduce vegetables (cauliflower, pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets), try to give fruit. If a dog feeds 3-4 puppies, the amount of food is doubled. When feeding 8 or more babies, they give at least three times more food than usual. There should be 4-5 feedings per day.