All about childbirth and pregnancy of the German Shepherd
By the age of two, the German Shepherd is fully mature, the second heat is the right time for the first mating and pregnancy. This period often brings discomfort to the female and troubles to the owner.
And in order for the life of the expectant mother and her offspring to be safe even during difficult childbirth, the owner needs to know about the periods of puberty, the rules for the care and maintenance of a pregnant shepherd dog, and possible complications.
How many puppies are born to shepherd dogs
The number of puppies that a German shepherd has to bear depends on the condition and age of the dog:
- Young females usually carry no more than 3 babies.
- The more experienced the girl, the more likely it is to get a litter of 5-7 puppies.
- Often, large animals give birth to 10-12 puppies, the maximum recorded number is 14 cubs. But the more fetuses, the more difficult it is to bear, give birth and subsequent feeding.
The German Shepherd Dog should only give birth at home. Even if it lives in an open-air cage or kennel, it is worth moving the pet indoors during the contractions and feeding the babies. Prenatal behavior pushes the shepherd to search for a “nest”, to arrange a place. Therefore, it is worth preparing a cozy corner in advance so that the female feels protected.
The room should be warm (25-28 degrees), no drafts. If childbirth takes place in winter, a heater should be placed near the chosen place.
It is necessary to provide for a spacious box or playpen with high sides so that the newborns cannot get out. The bottom is covered with blankets and sterile diapers.
For the puppies that appear, you will need a separate box. Shepherd mom needs a break from insatiable kids. But you need to place the babies so that the female can watch them from her place.
How to feed a dog after giving birth
Immediately after the birth of puppies, the German shepherd should be given warm boiled water or low-fat broth. After a couple of hours, you can give softened cottage cheese or oatmeal porridge with pieces of chicken meat.
Important! Often, after childbirth, the girl refuses regular food, choosing her own placenta. Breeders believe that this is a normal reflex desire that is left over from the behavior of non-domesticated dogs. So the female provides herself with the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements for 4-10 hours to start feeding the puppies.
In the first month after giving birth, the diet of a lactating shepherd should consist of easily digestible protein: liver, cottage cheese, low-fat milk (or 10% cream with weak lactation), chicken eggs. From cereals. rice and buckwheat.
If the girl ate dry food, it is recommended to transfer her to natural food for 2-3 months or choose a special ready-made product for nursing mothers.
How long does it take to carry puppies
The duration of pregnancy in all breeds is almost the same. 2-2.5 months. In primiparous females, this period can be prolonged. In a German Shepherd, gestation usually lasts 65 days. Duration may vary up or down by 5 days.
The gestation period of the German Shepherd is usually delayed during infertile pregnancies, when the fruits are large and it is difficult for the female to give birth.
If puberty lasts more than 70 days, you need to contact your veterinarian.
How to tell if your German Shepherd is pregnant
In the first month of pregnancy, dogs show changes in character: the girl becomes apathetic or too playful, affectionate or atypically aggressive.
It is possible to find out exactly whether the female is pregnant in the first half of the first month, it is possible only with the help of ultrasound.
Weight increases by 25-30 days. But the dog’s body signals internal changes in a different way:
- by the 30th day, the mammary glands swell;
- the belly grows and falls;
- at the 6th week, an ultrasound will show the number of fetuses being born;
- for the 9th week, abundant discharge from the loop is characteristic, the appearance of colostrum.
Helping Newborn Puppies
Although shepherd dogs are not prone to difficult childbirth, it happens that the fetus does not pass. Then you have to help the puppies: the newborn is completely wrapped in sterile gauze or napkin and gradually pulled, picking up the rhythm of the contractions.
Usually the shepherd dog handles the puppies by itself. But if the dog is unable to do this, it will have to independently rid the babies of the amniotic sacs, cut the umbilical cord with them (2 cm from the abdomen). If the puppy does not squeak, it must be shaken and rubbed sharply.
Feeding an adult dog
- For energy. carbohydrates (rye loaf, rice) and fats (vegetable and animal);
- For the development and maintenance of tone. proteins (meat, cheese, dairy products, eggs);
- For vitality, health and good mood. minerals and vitamins (vegetables, cereals, fruits, special vitamin complexes).
Dog breeders often disagree on the choice of food. Some consider it unacceptable to feed a dog with dry food, while others, on the contrary, are delighted with this method. Based on the opinion of veterinarians, one thing is clear: the shepherd can be fed with premium or super premium dry food.
Feeding plan for a lactating shepherd
- The first day after childbirth. liquid fermented milk products;
- First week. no meat or fish;
- From 2 weeks. three meals a day, enriched with calcium and vitamins.
The dog should return to the usual diet after completely stopping feeding the puppies.
Feeding with ready-made food is regulated by the instructions on the package, but most often it is 700-750 g (premium) and 500-600 g (super premium) per day.
The diet of puppies from 2 months to a year
The fundamental difference in feeding a German Shepherd puppy from other breeds is the strict control of calcium. Its excess can lead to pathology in development. Giving puppies vitamins with calcium is not recommended.
A reliable guideline for determining proper nutrition is the weight of a hairy baby at the 6th month of life. It should not exceed 60% of the weight of an adult. If the puppy weighs more, then you need to reduce the amount of high-calorie food in the diet.
Composition of the menu: a gradual decrease in the proportion of milk, an increase in the amount of meat, vegetables and porridge. You can combine natural products with dry food (do not mix in one meal!). With this approach, in the morning, the puppies are given food that is specially designed for puppies (you can soak in water), and from the second half of the day. natural products.
- From 2 to 3 months. 5 times a day, 3-4 incomplete glasses of food a day;
- From 4 to 6 months. 4 times a day, 1 liter of food;
- From 6 to 12 months. 3 times a day, 1.5 liters of food.
Prepared food: pros and cons
Ready-made feeds. wet canned food. are divided into economy, premium and super premium classes. The main disadvantages of wet food are imbalance (even super premium food is not suitable for daily nutrition). Wet food has a number of advantages:
- Easy to digest;
- Almost all dogs love them.
It is recommended to combine wet food with dry food. Some breeders combine them with natural feeding. But given that the shepherd dog needs solid food, the conclusion is obvious: they should not be abused.
German Shepherd: feeding puppies, adult and pregnant dogs
The German Shepherd is smart, beautiful, quick-witted, easy to train. Dogs of this breed can be both loyal guards and loyal friends. Sheepdog can be kept both to the apartment and in a private house in the yard.
In order for the animal to be healthy and cheerful, to develop correctly and bring the owner a minimum of problems, it must be fed in a balanced manner. Shepherd dogs are not picky about food, but you still need to pay close attention to their diet.
The basic rule of thumb when feeding your dog is to avoid overfeeding. Particular attention should be paid to this if the dog moves a lot after eating. Overfeeding a shepherd dog is fraught with obesity, the development of atherosclerosis, a deterioration in general well-being.
Shepherd dogs are prone to volvulus of the stomach: this organ in their body is located too “free” and can be very displaced and twisted during active physical activity.
First week after giving birth
During the first three days after giving birth, the dog may have no appetite. Despite this, you need to offer food every 6-8 hours and make sure that at least a little is eaten. The best way to feed your dog after giving birth depends on your pet’s preferences, usually milk porridge or meat puree with vegetables.
As appetite is restored, the usual daily food intake is increased by half and divided into 5-6 meals. You need to feed the dog mainly with liquid food: porridge in water or milk, give sour milk, kefir or yogurt, provided that lactose is well tolerated. Vitamin and mineral supplements are introduced, which are given until the end of lactation. In some cases, natural restorative agents are shown, for example, royal milk.
In the first 5-7 days after giving birth, it is better to replace meat in a dog with more easily digestible types of protein. lean sea fish, cottage cheese. Also, fresh vegetables and fruits are not given in the first week. Boiled meat products are recommended to be introduced only from 4-5 days, it should be lean meat (chicken, turkey, rabbit, beef) or offal (heart, liver, stomach). Everything that the mother eats is also received by the little ones, so it is important to make sure that the puppies do not have a disorder, it is easy to spot it by the soiled “priests” and tails.
Diet for feeding a dog after childbirth
During lactation, the body spends a lot of energy on milk production, in addition, now it needs to share all the nutrients with the offspring, which means that the diet needs a special one. Proper feeding of the dog after childbirth is the key to the health of the mother and offspring.
The quality of milk directly depends on how complete the feeding of the whelping dog will be. Normally, it contains about 7% protein, 4% lactose and 8% fat, vitamins and minerals that come from food. The lack of any elements in the diet affects the qualitative composition, which in turn negatively affects the development of puppies and the condition of the mother.
If the dog eats prepared foods
Ready-made feeds usually mean “drying” feeding the dog after giving birth. If the owners plan to feed the pet with dry food throughout lactation, it is worth considering a few points:
- Premium and super-premium feeds are distinguished by a wide range, which should include rations for pregnant and lactating bitches. To a greater or lesser extent, they are acceptable and meet almost all the needs of the body during this period;
- You need to pay attention to the percentage of protein in the range of 24-28%;
- If the manufacturer does not produce special diets for lactating, use food for puppies;
- Dry food requires a lot of moisture to digest, and even if the dog drinks abundantly, there may not be enough water to produce the required amount of milk. Therefore, “drying”, especially in the first 2-3 weeks of lactation, is recommended to be soaked before feeding or replaced with liquid feed of the same company.
- Fermented milk products, cottage cheese, vitamin and mineral supplements are added to the diet.
Drinking plenty of fluids is a must
Drinking plenty of water does not mean that after giving birth, you will need to force water into the dog. The owner’s task is to provide the pet with liquid nutritious food and to ensure that clean drinking water is always freely available. You can offer your dog milk tea sweetened with honey.
Pet Care. After Mother Delivers Pup | Baby | Puppy’s | Doggy’s | Dogs Diet Plan. Bhola Shola
Diet of a lactating dog
The lactation period lasts an average of 4-6 weeks. Until 20-25 days from the moment of delivery, the secretory activity of the mammary gland increases, and then gradually decreases. Over the past decades, there have been many studies that have helped determine what nutrition a dog needs after giving birth at different stages of lactation.
Most of the minerals and vitamins do not accumulate in the body, if they are not supplied with food, they will not be at all, neither in the body, and even more so in milk.
The diet should include the following foods:
- Lean meat, offal (hearts, liver, stomachs), fish (low-fat sea);
- Porridge (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal). You can cook cereals in water or milk.
- Dairy products (cottage cheese, milk, kefir);
- Vegetables and greens.
4-6 weeks of feeding
Starting from the 4th week, the puppies are fed and the amount of milk decreases. The amount of food for the mother should also be reduced, as well as transferred to three meals a day. Gradually reduce the amount of fluid.
When the last puppy is taken away, the mother is given a fasting day, the day is kept practically on a starvation diet, water is limited and only 1/4 of the portion is offered. The next day, a third of the usual diet, then half, and so for 5 days, they are transferred to normal feeding.
Pregnant German Shepherd Diet Plan After Giving Birth in Hindi | Dog’s Diet Plan
The dog’s first meal after giving birth
Many people are interested in when to feed a dog after giving birth. If the dog has eaten the afterbirth, it should be fed no earlier than 5-6 hours after the end of labor. Offer only water to drink.
For some owners, eating the placenta seems disgusting or unhygienic. They do not allow the newly-made mother to feast on a shapeless clot and are fundamentally wrong. Forget about prejudices, everything is thought out by nature. First of all, the placenta is an easily digestible protein, saturated with trace elements and vitamins that a dog needs to produce full-fledged colostrum. In addition, the placenta contains hormones that stimulate milk production. The only negative point, in the case of a multiple pregnancy of a dog, eating all the afterbirths can provoke a disorder; for prevention, you can give activated charcoal by weight (1-2 tablets / 10 kg).
Feeding according to the age of the dog
There is a more detailed chart of the diet of the German Shepherd according to age.
|Age||Feeding features||Number of appointments per day|
|Up to 2 months||Low-fat food, ground beef (no more than 150 grams per day), cottage cheese, kefir, milk, dry food soaked in water||6|
|2 months||200 grams of meat per day, transferring the puppy only to natural products, vitamins||five|
|3 months||300 grams of meat, cut into thin pieces, beef liver, offal, vitamins||four|
|4-5 months||400-500 grams of meat, occasionally raw potatoes or raw corn, stewed or boiled cabbage, vitamin supplements||3|
|6 months. 12 months||than 500 grams of meat per day, fish once a week, acceptable vegetables||2|
|1 to 6 years old||Less carbohydrates and fats, more proteins and vitamins||2|
|After 6 years (advanced age)||Reduced amounts of meat, cereals and fatty foods. dairy products and vegetables.||2|
For pregnant female German Shepherds, food is increased in the second half of pregnancy. During this period, the dog must be fed with specialized vitamins. They are prescribed to a shepherd dog in the recovery period after childbirth for 12 months. Possible manifestations of addictions to certain products, in this case it is better to consult a veterinarian.
German Shepherd Feeding Scheme
Regardless of the diet (organic food or dry food), the German Shepherd’s bowl of water should always be full. When deciding to switch from one type of food to another, the pet should be transferred smoothly, within 7 days. For an adult, the following feeding rules apply:
- food intake strictly by the hour, twice a day;
- food should be slightly warmed up or at room temperature;
- the absorption of food should last no more than 20 minutes;
- the feed should be thick, without excess liquid.
All this contributes to good digestion and soft stools, and also prevents the dog from losing too much weight or gaining weight. A bowl of food should be located at the level of the chest. this rule is dictated by the peculiarities of the musculoskeletal system of the German Shepherd. The size of the bowl must match the volume of the food.
The recommended material is stainless steel or ceramic, which is the most hygienic. Both bowls (for food and water) must be washed every day to avoid odors.
If the pet is accustomed to natural products, then allergies to certain products may appear among the unwanted reactions. In this case, they will need to be identified and excluded from the menu. In other cases, the general rules of the diet apply.
From meat it is better to choose beef or poultry (chicken, turkey, goose). Occasionally, you can add lean pork to your diet. It is better to choose beef bones (not tubular) and give them only on a full stomach. You can use different porridge and cereals: buckwheat, rice, oatmeal.
Raw eggs can be given several times a week. Semi-raw poached eggs are also allowed, which saturate the body with protein. It makes the coat soft and silky.
In the first years of life, it is recommended to feed the dog with beef meat, beef liver and offal: tails, ears, scar, lungs, trachea. Cottage cheese is also added to the diet. But no more than a kilogram per week. It can be mixed into porridge, where you can add sunflower oil and flax seeds or bran.
Vitamin and mineral supplements
Nutrition of a German shepherd at any age should contain vitamin and mineral supplements. For a shepherd puppy, whose skeleton is growing and developing rapidly, it is useful to receive a supplement containing calcium. Calcium gluconate and glycerophosphate are given to a monthly puppy one tablet each.
Up to 6 months, tablets are issued in ascending order: at two months, 2 tablets, at three months. 3, and so on. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K are intended for an adult dog, each of them is responsible for specific processes in the body.
|A (retinol)||Carrot, liver, apple, milk||Promotes the correct and uniform formation of skin tissues and mucous membranes. Improves vision. The deficiency leads to a weakening of the immune system, disorders of the nervous system|
|IN||Liver, yeast, dairy products||Responsible for the carbohydrate metabolic process. Prevents the occurrence of pathologies in the endocrine system. A deficiency can provoke vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and muscle weakness.|
|C (ascorbic acid)||Cabbage, liver, tomatoes, potatoes, kidneys||Promotes normalization of metabolism in connective tissues. Protects the body from calcium leaching. Cleans the liver of toxins. C-vitamin deficiency can lead to hemorrhages|
|D (calficerol)||Herbs, seafood, cottage cheese, vegetable oil||Regulates metabolism. Accelerates the process of absorption of beneficial microelements into bones and intestinal mucous membranes. Lack leads to rickets|
|E (tocopherol)||Olive and vegetable oil||Influences the formation of striated musculature. Promotes the breakdown of fats, normalizes hormones. A deficiency leads to problems with muscles, heart, infertility|
|K (phylloquinone)||Lettuce, nettle, cabbage||Responsible for blood clotting. K-deficiency can lead to hemorrhages in internal organs|
|Folic acid||Liver, yeast, cauliflower, oatmeal, buckwheat||Vitamins for puppies to promote muscle growth and strength|
|PP (nicotinic acid)||Pork, cheese, beef liver, eggs, kidneys, milk, fish||Normalizes the exchange of BZHU. A deficiency can lead to damage to the gastrointestinal tract, skin abnormalities and hair loss|
But the main rule when choosing a vitamin and mineral supplement is to consult a veterinarian.
What and how to feed a German shepherd after giving birth
German Shepherds often suffer from digestive problems. This is due to the relatively short gastrointestinal tract compared to smaller dogs. Therefore, the diet should be high in calories and easily digestible.
Another feature of German Shepherds is their higher intestinal permeability and enzyme activity. In addition, this breed belongs to the group of dogs with low levels of immunoglobulin A in the blood and special antibodies that protect the mucous membranes from infections. This property also explains the high sensitivity of the digestive system.
Sheepdog skin is more alkaline than other breeds. In this environment, bacteria multiply more intensively than in a more acidic environment. The breed is prone to skin infections. High loads affect the condition of the joints of dogs of this breed. all these features must be taken into account when drawing up a diet.
Dry (industrial) food is a convenient option, primarily for German shepherd breeders. People who breed dogs often travel with pets, so this type of food is optimal, as it saves time and money. For amateur owners, dry food is also suitable, but you can introduce it and canned food from 2-3 weeks of a puppy’s life.
When formulating a diet for a German Shepherd based on dry or canned food, it is important to monitor the level of water intake. It should be higher than when consuming natural food. When choosing a brand of dry food, read the composition on the package. The energy value must be at least 350 calories per 100 grams of product.
The ratio of KBZhU must be balanced. These characteristics are found in premium and super premium food.
How to feed a Female dog that is nursing
These include: Royal Canin, Purina Dog Chow, Advance, Bozita, Brit Premium, Pro Plan, Nutra Nuggets, Nutra Gold, Pronature Original, Hills, Happy dog, Brit Care, Arden Grange, Bosch, Belcando, 1st Choice. For the puppy, choose food that is similar in composition to the mother’s food in the second half of pregnancy. The granule size of the product should be as small as possible. There are also soft mousses suitable for feeding puppies.
For an adult shepherd dog, when choosing a feed, the following indicators are taken into account:
- granules should not be greasy, the only exceptions are lactating females and puppies;
- the food should not be green or red. this is a sign of the presence of chemical dyes;
- there are no soybeans and beans in a quality product, but the composition should contain cereals;
- preference should be given to feed in its original packaging, and not by weight;
- it is worth refraining from licensed feed, choosing local products or imports.
General rules of the diet
Each owner decides for himself what to feed his pet: natural homemade products or specialized factory feed. Some owners prefer a combination meal. This variant contains both types of feed. From the first, the shepherd receives natural nutrients, from the second. the necessary vitamins and supplements.
There are general rules for feeding a German Shepherd:
- proteins: up to 70% (meat pulp without skin, bones and fat, as well as cottage cheese, milk and eggs);
- carbohydrates: up to 40% (slowly digestible cereals, cereals, vegetables and fruits with healthy fiber);
- fat: 20-40% (animal and vegetable).
Products such as tubular bones, semi-finished meat products, baked goods, pasta and confectionery, as well as legumes are strictly prohibited in the diet.
Spices and canned foods are unacceptable in dog food. Occasionally, citrus fruits can be added to the diet, if it does not cause allergic reactions.
Another type of food for the German Shepherd is a combination of organic food and dry food. With such a diet, it is difficult to determine the required daily dose of food. Therefore, mixed feeding involves constant monitoring of the pet’s digestion. It is strictly forbidden to mix both types of food in one meal.
The fact is that dry food for a German shepherd is a finished product that is easily absorbed by the dog’s body. Natural foods take significantly longer to digest. As a result, ingestion of two types of food will adversely affect intestinal function.
At least 7-8 hours should pass between the intake of dry and homemade food. At the same time, it is better to eat dry food for a shepherd in the morning, and meat with vegetables in the evening.
It is customary to add to the factory feed those elements that are absent in the composition. These include: raw meat, vegetables, fruits, berries, cottage cheese, eggs, liver and sea fish. Do not add cereals and cereals, as dry food is saturated with these components.
What and how to feed a dog after giving birth
A nursing dog needs a special balanced diet, since during the lactation period it gives a lot of nutrients from its body to newborn puppies along with milk. Thus, a variety of diets will help prevent potential problems related to the growth of offspring and the health of the mother.
Feeding dogs accustomed to dry food during lactation should be changed taking into account some rules:
- immediately after giving birth, dry food must be soaked in water or replaced with liquid food, since a large amount of water is needed to digest this type of food;
- in addition to feed, fermented milk products and vitamin and mineral supplements should be present in the animal’s menu;
- the ratio of protein in feed for lactating bitches should be 24-28%.
Expensive, high-quality food, as a rule, already contains the required amount of vitamins and minerals. If the dog eats cheaper food, then adding food additives to its diet is mandatory.
Feeding during labor and immediately after childbirth
It is not recommended to feed the animal after the first contractions appear. Childbirth should take place exclusively on an empty stomach and there are a number of reasons for this:
- During childbirth in the dog’s body, there is a decrease in temperature, a slowdown in metabolism and indigestion;
- A full intestine makes it difficult for the offspring to move along the birth canal;
- Well-fed dogs have prolonged contractions that are more severe than hungry ones;
- During childbirth, individuals with a full stomach may experience involuntary vomiting or defecation.
Feeding your dog after giving birth depends on whether she has eaten the afterbirth or not. The placenta contains proteins, vitamins and minerals necessary to obtain colostrum, as well as hormones that promote milk production. After eating the placenta, the animal is fed after 5 hours, if the dog does not eat postpartum discharge, then you can offer it food in an hour.
To prevent the onset of a disorder in a dog as a result of eating a large number of afterbirths, you can give the animal activated charcoal at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 kg of body weight, or feed it with rice porridge for several days once a day to normalize the stool.
In the case when the dog has diarrhea after eating a large number of afterbirths, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the animal. If it gets worse, it may be necessary to use medication. In this case, the puppies will have to be fed with goat’s milk or other suitable food until the mother gets better.
After giving birth, it is necessary to change the litter and wash the body of the animal from traces of secretions. It is better to put a bowl of water or milk closer to the place where mommy lies with the puppies, since at first she will not move away from her cubs.
Feeding period and milk composition
The average feeding period for dogs is 1.5 months. By about the beginning of 4 weeks, milk production increases, and after that it goes down. It has been scientifically proven that at different times of the lactation period, the amount of food consumed by a bitch should correspond to the volume of milk produced. Some vitamins and minerals do not have the ability to accumulate in the body, so their absence in food leads to a deficiency of these substances.
Permissible approximate composition of a dog’s milk:
- 4% lactose;
- 8% fat;
A few days after giving birth, the bitch’s appetite increases. During lactation, her diet should be filled with useful elements and substances:
- mineral salts;
A healthy dog feeding offspring needs abundant hearty food about 5 times a day. It is important to remember that for lactating dogs, a prerequisite is the availability of a sufficient amount of fresh, clean water. To increase milk production, you can drink it with warm tea.
Feeding your dog for weeks after giving birth
All the food that a dog eats during lactation affects the composition of the milk, and, accordingly, the health of the puppies. Therefore, feeding after childbirth should be as beneficial and easy as possible for the dog, and new foods should be introduced into its diet gradually.
Features of feeding a dog during lactation for weeks after childbirth:
- 1 week. the daily food intake is divided into 6 meals, while the diet consists mainly of semi-liquid and liquid food: fermented milk products, cereals in water or milk. And also at this time it is worth adding vitamin and mineral complexes to the diet of a lactating dog, after consulting a veterinarian. Meat products are introduced on the fourth day after childbirth in a boiled chopped form. It is best to start with lean meats such as chicken or rabbit. In addition, you can give your dog offal, fish, or cottage cheese in moderation. During the introduction of new products, it is important to monitor the well-being of the puppies and the absence of diarrhea.
- 2 and 3 weeks. it is worth feeding the dog at least 4-5 times a day. If she feeds 4 puppies, then her diet should be gradually doubled, and if 8. then tripled. Mashed potatoes from boiled vegetables are added to the menu: zucchini, pumpkin, beets, cauliflower and carrots. You can also add broth soups and a small amount of raw meat without bones.
- 1 month. puppies start feeding, so the amount of milk consumed gradually decreases. Already from 4 weeks, it is necessary to transfer the dog to three meals a day, reducing the amount of food and liquid in its diet. You need to add raw fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs to the menu of a nursing mother.
After the puppies are completely weaned from the breast, the dog needs to arrange a fasting day, on which you can give the animal a fourth of the usual diet. Over the next 5 days, the amount of food gradually increases.
Must-have foods in a lactating dog’s diet
The dog’s diet should be varied, only under this condition lactation will proceed without complications for the animal and will bring maximum benefit to the puppies.
Foods that should be present in the diet of a lactating female:
- Buckwheat, oatmeal, rice and other cereals;
- Lean meat;
- Sea fish;
- Cottage cheese;
- Fresh vegetables;
It is important that all products consumed by the dog are of high quality and fresh, otherwise there is a risk of poisoning the young mother and her puppies.
Health problems of the animal during the feeding period
If the dog refuses to eat during lactation, this may indicate serious problems and disorders in its body. In this case, you need to contact a veterinarian who will conduct visual and ultrasound examinations, and also take the necessary tests to find out the cause of poor appetite.
Very often during lactation, dogs have eclampsia. a calcium deficiency in the body. Small breeds such as Yorkies, Chihuahuas or Toy Terriers are prone to this disease. Therefore, the diet of such dogs should be monitored very carefully, and, at the slightest suspicion of a deterioration in the animal’s condition, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian.
Eclampsia is accompanied by a sharp deterioration in the health of the nursing mother, anxiety, weakness, refusal of water and food, convulsions, impaired coordination and breathing. Therefore, referring to a specialist in this situation is inevitable, but it is better to prevent the development of this disease.
Pregnancy and lactation is a very important period in a dog’s life when it needs special attention and care from its owners. Having a balanced and healthy diet significantly reduces the risk of diseases and developmental abnormalities in young puppies and has a positive effect on the health of their mother. Therefore, it is very important to know what to feed the dog after giving birth and how to do it correctly.
Super premium food for the German shepherd
Premium food is the best. They are more expensive than economy class products, but practically do not have a negative effect on the animal’s body.
Important! The dog should always have water in the feeder.
And in some individuals of large breeds, such foods cause kidney disease.
You can find out what kind of food is better to feed here.
You need to buy a special food for German Shepherd puppies, as it needs more different vitamins that are included in this special food.
Nutrition for puppies up to a year
Usually, puppies are taught to self-feed without breast milk 2 months after birth.
First, there should be a lot of milk in the baby’s diet. It can be cow, sheep and goat, but be careful with the latter. it may be too fat for a fragile stomach.
Gradually include meat, vegetables and cereals in the menu.
- 2-3 months; at this age, it is recommended to feed 5 times a day, 4 incomplete glasses of food;
- 4-6 months; 4 times a day, 1 liter of food;
- 6-12 months; during this period, the four-legged pupil must be prepared for adulthood. 3 times a day, 1.5 liters.
IMPORTANT! The peculiarity of the German Shepherd breed is that an excess of calcium can lead to pathological development of puppies.
Make sure that the composition of feed and vitamins of calcium is not very large.
What bones can you give your puppy and when
Some dog handlers claim that bones can be given to a puppy as early as 2 months of age, but most tend to be 4 months old.
The most important thing is that the moss is large and solid. His puppy will not be able to swallow.
The bone must be raw. For fidelity it can only be scalded.
IMPORTANT! Bones can be given to adult dogs, but never tubular. They can cause stomach perforation. Just like an adult and a puppy, you cannot feed chicken bones, they are small and can get stuck in the throat.
How to feed a German shepherd at 1 year old and before growing up
Feeding an adult dog from a year should already be 2 times a day.
But it should be borne in mind: during this period, the dog’s body is still developing, the skeleton is strengthened, muscle mass is formed.
After a year, proteins in the diet must necessarily make up at least 70% of the total volume of all food. over, it should be remembered that proteins are not only meat. It is found in sufficient quantities in cottage cheese and dairy products.
If you are training an adult German Shepherd to feed, choose a protein-rich variety for this age.