The dog’s first meal after giving birth
Many people are interested in when to feed a dog after giving birth. If the dog has eaten the traces, it should be fed no earlier than 5-6 hours after the end of labor. Offer only water to drink.
For some owners, eating the placenta seems disgusting or unhygienic. They do not allow the newly-made mother to feast on a shapeless clot and are fundamentally wrong. Forget about prejudices, everything is thought out by nature. First of all, the placenta is an easily digestible protein, saturated with trace elements and vitamins that a dog needs to produce full-fledged colostrum. In addition, the placenta contains hormones that stimulate milk production. The only negative point, in the case of a multiple pregnancy of a dog, eating all the afterbirths can provoke a disorder; for prevention, you can give activated charcoal by weight (1-2 tablets / 10 kg).
4-6 weeks of feeding
Starting from the 4th week, the puppies are fed and the amount of milk decreases. The amount of food for the mother should also be reduced, as well as transferred to three meals a day. Gradually reduce the amount of fluid.
When the last puppy is taken away, the mother is given a fasting day, the day is kept practically on a starvation diet, water is limited and only 1/4 of the portion is offered. The next day, a third of the usual diet, then half, and so for 5 days, they are transferred to normal feeding.
Feeding your dog after giving birth by weeks of lactation
First week after giving birth
During the first three days after giving birth, the dog may have no appetite. Despite this, you need to offer food every 6-8 hours and make sure that at least a little is eaten. The best way to feed your dog after giving birth depends on your pet’s preferences, usually milk porridge or meat puree with vegetables.
As appetite is restored, the usual daily food intake is increased by half and divided into 5-6 meals. You need to feed the dog mainly with liquid food: porridge in water or milk, give sour milk, kefir or yogurt, provided that lactose is well tolerated. Vitamin and mineral supplements are introduced, which are given until the end of lactation. In some cases, natural restorative agents are shown, for example, royal milk.
In the first 5-7 days after giving birth, it is better to replace meat in a dog with more easily digestible types of protein. lean sea fish, cottage cheese. Also, fresh vegetables and fruits are not given in the first week. Boiled meat products are recommended to be introduced only from 4-5 days, it should be lean meat (chicken, turkey, rabbit, beef) or offal (heart, liver, stomach). Everything that the mother eats is also received by the little ones, so it is important to make sure that the puppies do not have a disorder, it is easy to spot it by the soiled “priests” and tails.
2 and 3 weeks of lactation
The first week flew by unnoticed, how to feed the giving birth dog further? Starting from the second week, the diet is made more varied. Introduce vegetables (cauliflower, pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets), try to give fruit. If a dog feeds 3-4 puppies, the amount of food is doubled. When feeding 8 or more babies, they give at least three times more food than usual. There should be 4-5 feedings per day.
Drinking plenty of fluids is a must
Drinking plenty of water does not mean that after giving birth, you will need to force water into the dog. The owner’s task is to provide the pet with liquid nutritious food and ensure that clean drinking water is always freely available. You can offer your dog milk tea sweetened with honey.
Diet for feeding a dog after childbirth
During lactation, the body spends a lot of energy on milk production, in addition, now it needs to share all the nutrients with the offspring, which means that the diet needs a special one. Proper feeding of the dog after childbirth is the key to the health of the mother and offspring.
The quality of milk directly depends on how complete the feeding of the whelping dog will be. Normally, it contains about 7% protein, 4% lactose and 8% fat, vitamins and minerals that come from food. The lack of any elements in the diet affects the qualitative composition, which in turn negatively affects the development of puppies and the condition of the mother.
Feeding according to the age of the dog
There is a more detailed chart of the diet of the German Shepherd according to age.
|Age||Feeding features||Number of appointments per day|
|Up to 2 months||Low-fat food, ground beef (no more than 150 grams per day), cottage cheese, kefir, milk, dry food soaked in water||6|
|2 months||200 grams of meat per day, transferring the puppy only to natural products, vitamins||five|
|3 months||300 grams of meat, cut into thin pieces, beef liver, offal, vitamins||four|
|4-5 months||400-500 grams of meat, occasionally raw potatoes or raw corn, stewed or boiled cabbage, vitamin supplements||3|
|6 months. 12 months||than 500 grams of meat per day, fish once a week, acceptable vegetables||2|
|1 to 6 years old||Less carbohydrates and fats, more proteins and vitamins||2|
|After 6 years (advanced age)||Reduced amounts of meat, cereals and fatty foods. dairy products and vegetables.||2|
For pregnant female German Shepherds, food is increased in the second half of pregnancy. During this period, the dog needs to be fed with specialized vitamins. They are prescribed to a shepherd dog in the recovery period after childbirth for 12 months. Possible manifestations of addictions to certain products, in this case it is better to consult a veterinarian.
Vitamin and mineral supplements
Nutrition of a German shepherd at any age should contain vitamin and mineral supplements. For a shepherd puppy, whose skeleton is growing and developing rapidly, it is useful to receive a supplement containing calcium. Calcium gluconate and glycerophosphate are given to a monthly puppy one tablet.
Up to 6 months, tablets are issued in ascending order: at two months, 2 tablets, at three months. 3, and so on. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K are intended for an adult dog, each of them is responsible for specific processes in the body.
|A (retinol)||Carrot, liver, apple, milk||Promotes the correct and uniform formation of skin tissues and mucous membranes. Improves vision. The deficiency leads to a weakening of the immune system, disorders of the nervous system|
|IN||Liver, yeast, dairy products||Responsible for the carbohydrate metabolic process. Prevents the occurrence of pathologies in the endocrine system. A deficiency can provoke vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and muscle weakness.|
|C (ascorbic acid)||Cabbage, liver, tomatoes, potatoes, kidneys||Promotes normalization of metabolism in connective tissues. Protects the body from calcium leaching. Cleans the liver of toxins. C-vitamin deficiency can lead to hemorrhages|
|D (calficerol)||Herbs, seafood, cottage cheese, vegetable oil||Regulates metabolism. Accelerates the process of absorption of beneficial microelements into bones and intestinal mucous membranes. Lack leads to rickets|
|E (tocopherol)||Olive and vegetable oil||Influences the formation of striated musculature. Promotes the breakdown of fats, normalizes hormones. A deficiency leads to problems with muscles, heart, infertility|
|K (phylloquinone)||Lettuce, nettle, cabbage||Responsible for blood clotting. K-deficiency can lead to hemorrhages in internal organs|
|Folic acid||Liver, yeast, cauliflower, oatmeal, buckwheat||Vitamins for puppies to promote muscle growth and strength|
|PP (nicotinic acid)||Pork, cheese, beef liver, eggs, kidneys, milk, fish||Normalizes the exchange of BZHU. A deficiency can lead to damage to the gastrointestinal tract, skin abnormalities and hair loss|
But the main rule when choosing a vitamin and mineral supplement is to consult a veterinarian.
What and how to feed a German shepherd after giving birth
German Shepherds often suffer from digestive problems. This is due to the relatively short gastrointestinal tract compared to smaller dogs. Therefore, the diet should be high in calories and easily digestible.
Another feature of German Shepherds is their higher intestinal permeability and enzyme activity. In addition, this breed belongs to the group of dogs with low levels of immunoglobulin A in the blood and special antibodies that protect the mucous membranes from infections. This property also explains the high sensitivity of the digestive system.
Sheepdog skin is more alkaline than other breeds. In this environment, bacteria multiply more intensively than in a more acidic environment. The breed is prone to skin infections. High loads affect the condition of the joints of dogs of this breed. all these features must be taken into account when drawing up a diet.
General rules of the diet
Each owner decides for himself what to feed his pet: natural homemade products or specialized factory feed. Some owners prefer a combination meal. This variant contains both types of feed. From the first, the shepherd receives natural nutrients, from the second. the necessary vitamins and supplements.
There are general rules for feeding a German Shepherd:
- proteins: up to 70% (meat pulp without skin, bones and fat, as well as cottage cheese, milk and eggs);
- carbohydrates: up to 40% (slowly digestible cereals, cereals, vegetables and fruits with healthy fiber);
- fat: 20-40% (animal and vegetable).
Products such as tubular bones, semi-finished meat products, baked goods, pasta and confectionery products, as well as legumes are strictly prohibited in the diet.
Spices and canned foods are unacceptable in dog food. Occasionally, citrus fruits can be added to the diet, if it does not cause allergic reactions.
Another type of food for the German Shepherd is a combination of organic food and dry food. With such a diet, it is difficult to determine the required daily dosage of food. Therefore, mixed feeding involves constant monitoring of the pet’s digestion. It is strictly forbidden to mix both types of food in one meal.
The fact is that dry food for a German shepherd is a finished product that is easily absorbed by the dog’s body. Natural foods take significantly longer to digest. As a result, ingestion of two types of food will adversely affect intestinal function.
At least 7-8 hours should pass between the intake of dry and homemade food. At the same time, it is better to eat dry food for a shepherd in the morning, and meat with vegetables in the evening.
It is customary to add to the factory feed those elements that are absent in the composition. These include: raw meat, vegetables, fruits, berries, cottage cheese, eggs, liver and sea fish. Do not add cereals and cereals, as dry food is saturated with these components.
Dry (industrial) food is a convenient option, primarily for German shepherd breeders. People who breed dogs often travel with pets, so this type of food is optimal, as it saves time and money. For amateur owners, dry food is also suitable, but you can introduce it and canned food from 2-3 weeks of a puppy’s life.
When formulating a diet for a German Shepherd based on dry or canned food, it is important to monitor the level of water intake. It should be higher than when consuming natural food. When choosing a brand of dry food, read the composition on the package. The energy value must be at least 350 calories per 100 grams of product.
The ratio of KBZhU must be balanced. These characteristics are found in premium and super premium food.
These include: Royal Canin, Purina Dog Chow, Advance, Bozita, Brit Premium, Pro Plan, Nutra Nuggets, Nutra Gold, Pronature Original, Hills, Happy dog, Brit Care, Arden Grange, Bosch, Belcando, 1st Choice. For the puppy, choose food that is similar in composition to the mother’s food in the second half of pregnancy. The granule size of the product should be as small as possible. There are also soft mousses suitable for feeding puppies.
For an adult shepherd dog, when choosing a feed, the following indicators are taken into account:
- granules should not be greasy, the only exceptions are lactating females and puppies;
- the food should not be green or red. this is a sign of the presence of chemical dyes;
- there are no soybeans and beans in a quality product, but the composition should contain cereals;
- preference should be given to feed in its original packaging, and not by weight;
- it is worth refraining from licensed feed, choosing local products or imports.
German Shepherd Feeding Scheme
Regardless of the diet (organic food or dry food), the German Shepherd‘s bowl of water should always be full. When deciding to switch from one type of food to another, the pet should be transferred smoothly, within 7 days. For an adult, the following feeding rules apply:
- food intake strictly by the hour, twice a day;
- food should be slightly warmed up or at room temperature;
- the absorption of food should last no more than 20 minutes;
- the feed should be thick, without excess liquid.
All this contributes to good digestion and soft stools, and also prevents the dog from losing much weight or gaining weight. A bowl of food should be located at the level of the chest. this rule is dictated by the peculiarities of the musculoskeletal system of the German Shepherd. The size of the bowl must match the volume of the food.
The recommended material is stainless steel or ceramic, which is the most hygienic. Both bowls (for food and water) must be washed every day to avoid odors.
If the pet is accustomed to natural products, then allergies to certain products may appear among the unwanted reactions. In this case, they will need to be identified and excluded from the menu. In other cases, the general rules of the diet apply.
From meat it is better to choose beef or poultry (chicken, turkey, goose). Occasionally, you can add lean pork to your diet. It is better to choose beef bones (not tubular) and give them only on a full stomach. You can use different porridge and cereals: buckwheat, rice, oatmeal.
Raw eggs can be given several times a week. Semi-raw poached eggs are also allowed, which saturate the body with protein. It makes the coat soft and silky.
In the first years of life, it is recommended to feed the dog with beef meat, beef liver and offal: tails, ears, scar, lungs, trachea. Cottage cheese is also added to the diet. But no more than a kilogram per week. It can be mixed into porridge, where you can add sunflower oil and flax seeds or bran.
Feeding dogs accustomed to dry food during lactation should be changed taking into account some rules:
- immediately after childbirth, dry food must be soaked in water or replaced with liquid food, since a large amount of water is needed to digest this type of food;
- in addition to feed, fermented milk products and vitamin and mineral supplements should be present in the animal’s menu;
- the ratio of protein in feed for lactating bitches should be 24-28%.
Expensive, high-quality food, as a rule, already contains the required amount of vitamins and minerals. If the dog eats cheaper food, then adding food additives to its diet is mandatory.
Feeding during labor and immediately after childbirth
It is not recommended to feed the animal after the first contractions appear. Childbirth should take place exclusively on an empty stomach and there are a number of reasons for this:
- During childbirth, the dog’s body temperature drops, metabolism slows down and digestion is disturbed;
- A full intestine makes it difficult for the offspring to move along the birth canal;
- Well-fed dogs have prolonged contractions that are more severe than hungry ones;
- During childbirth, individuals with a full stomach may experience involuntary vomiting or defecation.
Feeding your dog after giving birth depends on whether she has eaten the afterbirth or not. The placenta contains proteins, vitamins and minerals necessary to obtain colostrum, as well as hormones that promote milk production. After eating the placenta, the animal is fed after 5 hours, if the dog does not eat postpartum discharge, then you can offer it food in an hour.
To prevent the onset of a disorder in a dog as a result of eating a large number of afterbirths, you can give the animal activated charcoal at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 kg of body weight, or feed it with rice porridge for several days once a day to normalize the stool.
In the case when the dog has diarrhea after eating a large number of afterbirths, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the animal. If it gets worse, it may be necessary to use medications. In this case, the puppies will have to be fed with goat’s milk or other suitable food until the mother gets better.
After giving birth, it is necessary to change the litter and wash the body of the animal from traces of secretions. It is better to put a bowl of water or milk closer to the place where mommy lies with the puppies, since at first she will not move away from her cubs.
Feeding period and milk composition
The average feeding period for dogs is 1.5 months. By about the beginning of 4 weeks, milk production increases, and after that it declines. It has been scientifically proven that at different times of the lactation period, the amount of food consumed by a bitch should correspond to the volume of milk produced. Some vitamins and minerals do not have the ability to accumulate in the body, so their absence in food leads to a deficiency of these substances.
Permissible approximate composition of a dog’s milk:
- 4% lactose;
- 8% fat;
A few days after giving birth, the bitch’s appetite increases. During lactation, her diet should be filled with useful elements and substances:
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- mineral salts;
A healthy dog feeding offspring needs abundant hearty food about 5 times a day. It is important to remember that for lactating dogs, a prerequisite is the availability of a sufficient amount of fresh, clean water. To increase milk production, you can drink it with warm tea.
Must-have foods in a lactating dog’s diet
The dog’s diet should be varied, only under this condition lactation will proceed without complications for the animal and will bring maximum benefit to the puppies.
Foods that should be present in the diet of a lactating female:
- Buckwheat, oatmeal, rice and other cereals;
- Lean meat;
- Sea fish;
- Cottage cheese;
- Fresh vegetables;
It is important that all products consumed by the dog are of high quality and fresh, otherwise there is a risk of poisoning the young mother and her puppies.
What and how to feed a dog after giving birth
A nursing dog needs a special balanced diet, since during the lactation period it gives a lot of nutrients from its body to newborn puppies along with milk. Thus, a variety of diets will help prevent potential problems related to the growth of offspring and the health of the mother.
Feeding your dog for weeks after giving birth
All the food that a dog eats during lactation affects the composition of the milk, and, accordingly, the health of the puppies. Therefore, feeding after childbirth should be as beneficial and easy as possible for the dog, and new foods should be introduced into its diet gradually.
Features of feeding a dog during lactation for weeks after childbirth:
- 1 week. the daily food intake is divided into 6 meals, while the diet consists mainly of semi-liquid and liquid food: fermented milk products, cereals in water or milk. And also at this time it is worth adding vitamin and mineral complexes to the feeding of a lactating dog, after consulting with a veterinarian. Meat products are introduced on the fourth day after childbirth in a boiled chopped form. It is best to start with lean meats such as chicken or rabbit. In addition, you can give your dog offal, fish, or cottage cheese in moderation. During the introduction of new products, it is important to monitor the well-being of the puppies and the absence of diarrhea.
- 2 and 3 weeks. it is worth feeding the dog at least 4-5 times a day. If she feeds 4 puppies, then her diet should be gradually doubled, and if 8. then tripled. Mashed potatoes from boiled vegetables are added to the menu: zucchini, pumpkin, beets, cauliflower and carrots. You can also add broth soups and a small amount of raw meat without bones.
- 1 month. puppies start feeding, so the amount of milk they drink is gradually decreasing. Already from 4 weeks, it is necessary to transfer the dog to three meals a day, reducing the amount of food and liquid in its diet. You need to add raw fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs to the menu of a nursing mother.
After the puppies are completely weaned from the breast, the dog needs to arrange a fasting day, on which you can give the animal a fourth of the usual diet. Over the next 5 days, the amount of food gradually increases.
Health problems of the animal during the feeding period
If the dog refuses to eat during lactation, this may indicate serious problems and disorders in its body. In this case, you need to contact a veterinarian who will conduct visual and ultrasound examinations, and also take the necessary tests to find out the cause of poor appetite.
Very often during lactation in dogs, eclampsia is observed. a calcium deficiency in the body. Small breeds such as Yorkies, Chihuahuas or Toy Terriers are prone to this disease. Therefore, the diet of such dogs should be monitored very carefully, and, at the slightest suspicion of deterioration of the animal’s condition, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian.
Eclampsia is accompanied by a sharp deterioration in the health of the nursing mother, anxiety, weakness, refusal of water and food, convulsions, impaired coordination and breathing. Therefore, referring to a specialist in this situation is inevitable, but it is better to prevent the development of this disease.
Pregnancy and lactation is a very important period in a dog’s life when it needs special attention and care from its owners. Having a balanced and healthy diet significantly reduces the risk of diseases and developmental abnormalities in young puppies and has a positive effect on the health of their mother. Therefore, it is very important to know what to feed the dog after giving birth and how to do it correctly.
What is not allowed, what is possible and what is the best way to feed the puppy
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How to feed a German shepherd at 1 year old and before growing up
Feeding an adult dog from a year should already be 2 times a day.
But it should be borne in mind: during this period, the dog’s body is still developing, the skeleton is strengthened, muscle mass is formed.
After a year, proteins in the diet must necessarily make up at least 70% of the total volume of all food. over, it should be remembered that proteins are not only meat. It is found in sufficient quantities in cottage cheese and dairy products.
If you are training an adult German Shepherd to feed, choose a protein-rich variety for this age.
Features of feeding dry food and ready-made food
When choosing ready-made feed, it is advisable not to purchase licensed products, usually they are much worse than branded.
high-quality food does not come with brightly colored green and red flowers;
soybeans and beans are prohibited, but cereals are permitted;
puppies and pregnant bitches should not be given fat granules;
It is better to choose food in a closed factory packaging: when buying loose granules, there is a high probability of purchasing old or damp food.
The dental plaque that appears from drying can be eliminated by introducing boiled cartilage into food once a week.
The best in quality and cost is the Czech dry product for dogs. Brit food, produced in convenient sealed packages. It is suitable for dogs of different breeds, all ages, and various physical activities. Brit is produced for absolutely healthy dogs and dogs with immune problems.
Economy class drying can be used in case of emergency, no more than once a month. These products have an unbalanced composition, a lot of dyes, flavor enhancers, a lack of vitamins and minerals. Made from low-quality low-grade raw materials.
The daily norm of dry food premium for German shepherds is usually about 750 g, super premium class. 600 g.
Drying can be soaked with water or kefir if the dog is reluctant to eat it.
How to feed a German shepherd
The German Shepherd can rightfully be considered a versatile breed. She can be a faithful friend, a good companion, an excellent watchdog and a service dog, performing many tasks assigned to her. The Germans are smart, easy to learn and trainable, unpretentious in their care. Many people dream of having just such a dog. But before you bring your four-legged friend home, take a responsible approach to this issue. Nutrition of the German Shepherd is the key to a long healthy life. And although these dogs are undemanding in food, for a large breed, careful selection of the diet and menu is required, which is quite troublesome and entails considerable costs. The question of how to feed a German shepherd is devoted to a mass of special literature, where the schemes of proper feeding are described in detail and there are even recipes for dishes.
What can a German shepherd dog do
The diet of a German shepherd should contain from 50 to 70% of protein food in the form of meat pulp, devoid of bones, fat and skin, offal, eggs, cottage cheese and milk. Carbohydrates are allowed 20-30%. These are cereals (cereals) and vegetables and fruits. Fat, animal and vegetable, you need about 10-20%. It is better if it is unrefined vegetable oils.
For the correct formation of the skeleton, the shepherd must include in the menu mineral supplements containing bone meal, phytin and calcium.
Meat, fish, vegetables can be fed raw to the dog.
The diet of a German shepherd should take into account not only the composition of the feed, its calorie content, but also the amount of load and the temperament of the animal. If the dog walks a lot, is physically and emotionally involved, the extra calories will be burned easily. A large amount of fatty and carbohydrate foods will not harm such a pet. Calm in nature, sedentary shepherd, excess nutritious food is contraindicated.
It is important not to overfeed your dog, which can lead to poor overall health, vascular disease and obesity. Overeating is especially dangerous for pets who are excessively mobile after eating. The stomach of German Shepherds is too loose in the abdominal cavity and can twist under active loads.
Experienced dog owners are advised to adhere to the following rules:
food is given to the German twice a day, at the same time, in a slightly warm state;
feeding is done only after a walk;
the food should be thick. the shepherd’s stomach does not absorb liquid food well;
for the correct development of the dog’s musculoskeletal system, it is recommended to purchase a special stand that raises the bowl to chest level;
make sure that the dog always has clean water;
when refusing to eat, if the edible has remained intact for half an hour, the bowl is removed;
not allowed to growl when touching the bowl, allowing the dog to feel superior to the owner;
from an early age, they teach the dog to fresh vegetables;
fresh meat is preferable, but with the condition of regular processing of the animal from worms.
Feeding a German Shepherd is easy, the choice of food is huge. Both natural food and ready-made industrial food are suitable for the dog. Which of these is better, the owner will choose on his own.
Preparing dishes for a natural menu will take a lot of time. But such food is useful, contains all the vital components. A variety of products will allow you to prepare a lot of mouth-watering dishes for every taste.
It is convenient to use dry food, they are stored for a long time, you can take them with you on a trip. The amount of feed for one time needs a little.
Features of feeding during pregnancy and after childbirth
A shepherd dog carrying offspring is fed three times a day, while the portions of food are increased by a third. To increase the intake of calcium and phosphorus, the dog is given fish 2-3 times a week, the consumption of cheese and cottage cheese is increased. From the second half of pregnancy, the amount of vegetables and fruits also increases. In winter, vitamins A and D are additionally introduced into the diet, in summer there is no shortage of them.
From the second month of gestation, meat products are completely replaced by fish products at the rate of 150 g of fish instead of 100 g of meat. In the last week of pregnancy, the dog is offered food at least 5 times a day.
In the postpartum period, the dog is given food at least 4 times. These should be special industrial or natural feed. A lactating shepherd dog is returned to its usual regime and type of food after it stops completely feeding its offspring. In the first day after childbirth, the mother’s diet should consist of fermented milk products when fed with natural milk. Until the second week, you can not give meat and fish to the dog. From the second week, the menu of a shepherd dog feeding babies should be calcium-containing dishes with vitamin supplements.
Dog breeders recommend giving milk porridge to lactating bitches to increase lactation, but if milk causes digestive upset, diarrhea or the dog refuses to eat it, the animal should not be forced.
What is not allowed
Nutritional advice can be given by the breeder or the club through which the dog was purchased. The following prohibited foods should be excluded from the menu:
small and sharp bones of a bird. not absorbed in the body, damage the walls of the stomach, intestines.
How much and how often to feed
How much a German shepherd eats per day depends on the age of the animal, activity, health status of the dog.
How many times a day should a puppy be given food? A large amount of food at an early age will cause obesity in a dog as early as a year. Breeders recommend:
in the absence of mother’s milk, newborn puppies are watered for a month on their own six times a day;
at 1-2 months, the dog is given one glass of food, divided into portions, in 5 doses;
from 2 to 3 months 1.5 cups for 5 feedings;
from 4 months to six months. fed with a liter of food, divided, as for young dogs, into 4 meals;
further, up to a year. give 0.5 liters per day, feed 3 times a day.
In a year, the dog is considered an adult, it is transferred to two meals a day with a volume of one and a half liters. In summer, in the heat, it is permissible to feed an adult dog once. After giving birth, the shepherd is fed often, at least 4-5 times a day.
An old or sedentary dog is given food 2-3 times a day. At the same time, the daily feed intake is not increased: a whole portion is given in the morning, during the day and in the evening. half the norm.
What you can’t feed a German shepherd
The limitations are related to the design of the canine digestive tract. If the owner does not overlook, the shepherd can eat not only useless, but also dangerous product for its health.
- Bones. prickly and tubular.
- Meat semi-finished products, sausages and sausages.
- Legumes other than peanuts.
- Millet, semolina and corn grits.
- Pasta, loaf and muffin.
- Confectionery, including chocolate.
- Grapes, walnuts, acorns, raisins and pistachios.
Dog food should never contain spices, including those with canned foods.
Experienced cynologists know that there is no universal diet, suggesting to take into account not only its calorie content and composition, but also the character of the dog and the loads ahead of it.
An excess of fats is contraindicated for a phlegmatic person, a sanguine person needs proteins, a choleric person can easily master a large amount of carbohydrates. The pet walks a lot, which means it will easily burn extra calories. Busy with work, for example, patrolling. include carbohydrate and protein foods in the menu, removing fatty ones. Any emotional overload will also require carbohydrates.
It is difficult to organize food for the German Shepherd only at first. Over time, the basic principles of the formation of the diet will become clear to you:
- Proteins. up to 70%. This is meat pulp, freed from skin, bones and fat, as well as offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs.
- Carbohydrates. up to 40%. These are slowly digestible cereals (cereals), as well as vegetables / fruits with healthy fiber and fast carbohydrates.
- Fat. 20 to 40% (animal and vegetable).
Despite the strong opinion about the harmlessness of protein foods, it is forbidden to rely solely on proteins.
How to feed a German shepherd
Eating a large dog (including a German shepherd) is not only costly, but also a very responsible process. Having found the exact answer to the question of what to feed your shepherd dog, you will lay the foundations for its long, healthy and high-quality life.
The bowl of water should be full (especially for those dogs who eat industrial food). The replacement of one type of food for another (dry to natural and vice versa) occurs smoothly, within 7 days.
It is important to adhere to a few rules:
- The ration is issued strictly by the hour, twice a day. It promotes good digestion and soft stools.
- Food is slightly warm or at room temperature. Nothing hot and cold.
- The meal lasts 20 minutes. Excess food can cause volvulus, as German Shepherds have small stomachs.
- The food should be thick (due to the nature of the canine digestion). Less fluid the better.
It’s great if you get a stand that raises the food to chest level. It’s good for the musculoskeletal system.
The natural diet of the German Shepherd is distributed as follows:
- 1/3. meat (fresh or boiled). Fish is allowed once a week;
- 1/3. porridge (preferably from buckwheat and rice);
- 1/3 of the daily volume. vegetables and dairy products. If milk provokes diarrhea in your shepherd, do without it.
And don’t forget about vitamin and mineral complexes. In this matter, it is better to trust the veterinarian.
Adult German Shepherd Diet
The phase of active growth of a shepherd dog lasts up to a year. During this period, the puppy is heavily fed, making sure that there is enough calcium and vitamins.
Up to 3 years old, the pet physically matures: the skeleton grows stronger, muscle mass grows, the shade of the coat changes. Emphasis in feeding is shifting. less carbohydrates and fats are required, more proteins and vitamins.
A full adult canine life is concluded in the interval from 3 to 6 years. The menu is balanced and free from surprises. If the shepherd is carrying / feeding the offspring, she is entitled to vitamin supplements and a higher-calorie diet (at least a year after giving birth).
After 6 years, a dog’s pension comes, and 12-year-old specimens are considered centenarians. When thinking about what to feed an adult German Shepherd, you need to pay attention not only to basic products, but also to preparations that regenerate cartilage and bone tissues.
An elderly dog’s daily table should include:
- drugs with chondroprotectors.
The latter will save the pet from age-related diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system.
Experienced dog breeders prefer to feed their pets with natural products (both raw and thermally processed).
There is one pitfall in the “natural”. it is believed that German shepherds are susceptible to food allergies. If your dog is allergic, remove the provocative product or switch to factory-made food.
Allowed Foods for an Adult German Shepherd Dog:
- Beef, chicken, boiled pork (lean), goose (lean), turkey (boneless, skinless, and fat free).
- By-products, including boiled beef udders. Small volumes. liver and kidneys.
- Chicken and quail eggs. not daily (raw and in the form of an omelet).
- Low-fat saltwater fish (boiled, boneless).
- Cottage cheese and any dairy products (without dyes).
- Buckwheat and rice, less often “Hercules”. For weight gain. wheat and barley groats, for weight loss. pearl barley.
- Potatoes and corn. only raw, cabbage. stewed and boiled, other vegetables. at the pet’s choice.
Occasionally, you can pamper your Shepherd with citrus fruits (if there is no allergy). Exotic fruits are undesirable, and plums, apricots and peaches should be removed from the list of domestic ones: they can cause intestinal upset.
You can give currant or mountain ash berries (a little), a little. almonds, pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts.
Natural vitamins are poorly absorbed without vegetable oil (in small doses), so it is often added to vegetables and fruits. Also, with natural feeding, bone meal, yeast, tricalcium phosphate (feed), table salt (in micro doses!).
German Shepherd Puppy Diet
In puppyhood, a skeleton is formed and muscles grow, but if the dog is overfed, he is threatened with obesity. To avoid this problem, reduce the fat content of the portion without reducing its size.
At the same time, an excess of protein (within reasonable limits) will not harm the puppies. Growing up German Shepherds are cautiously given calcium, which is recommended for most other breeds without restrictions, as its overdose is fraught with mutations.
Regardless of the type of food (dry or natural), the puppy eats according to the following scheme:
- 1-2 months. a glass of food, divided into 6 meals.
- 2-3 months. 1.5 glasses for 5 sets.
- 3-6 months. 1 liter for 4 sets.
- 6-12 months. 1.5 liters in 3 sets.
In a year, the dog is transferred to an adult meal schedule. twice a day. It is necessary to keep the puppy from overeating: accelerated weight gain can lead to diseases of the joints and spine.
Dry food for the German shepherd
Avoid packaging with licensed products. as a rule, they are inferior to branded products. If the company is located in Germany, and the country of origin is Poland, it means that the feed was released under a license.
When choosing a pack, study its composition:
- A balanced feed contains no soy or beans, but contains cereals.
- protein in dry granules. 30-50%.
- Granules (except for puppies and lactating bitches) must not be greasy.
- Red and green dyes are invisible in good food.
Buy a product in its original packaging (not by weight). this is a guarantee that you will not be slipped into an old or damp one.
Prevention of tartar, which often appears from dry food, will be boiled cartilage (once a week).
Do not overfeed your shepherd, remembering that food is superior in calories to natural food. If the body rejects industrial food, revise the dog menu: keep the pet on boiled meat, vegetables and rice.
After composition, pay attention to the class and ditch the economy class products, including Chappi, Pedigree and Darling, not recommended for German Shepherds.
If you are determined to give your shepherd industrial food, buy packages labeled “super-premium” and “premium”. only such food can be called truly complete.
Any dog is not only a predator, but also a scavenger. Puppies in nature acquire independence by 4–5 months, receiving mostly leftovers after a successful flock hunt. And these are not loin pieces, but cartilage / bones and connective tissue that help animals grow.
Domestic dogs are pampered with chicken breasts, fillets and tenderloins, where there are many excess amino acids that are harmful to the dog’s body: they are poorly absorbed or stored as fat, and sometimes provoke allergies (protein poisoning). In the tender pulp, there are almost no building materials for the formation of bones, joints and ligaments, which is why offal and trimmings with cartilage, veins and even particles of skin should replace the first-class meat.
Important! Do not be afraid to feed your puppy raw meat due to the danger of infection with lamblia, salmonella, viruses, roundworms, etc. The gastric juice of a dog neutralizes not only pathogenic microflora, but also cadaveric poison. You should also not be intimidated by antibiotics and hormones that are rarely found in meat: these are extremely unstable compounds that have time to decompose before it enters the bowl.
Pregnant German Shepherd Diet Plan After Giving Birth in Hindi | Dog’s Diet Plan
In the wild, the puppies themselves get food, and until they learn this, they live from hand to mouth, content with what their adult tribesmen leave behind. If you’re lucky, the puppy eats carrion, as often happens in a wolf pack: the younger ones find what the older ones have hidden. Along with rotten game, growing dogs get rodents, lizards and insects (if caught), as well as berries, roots, carrion and dung.
Ready food or natural food
When considering how to feed your German Shepherd puppy, choose BARF, which normalizes the gastrointestinal microflora responsible for immunity. In dogs sitting on porridge with boiled chicken, or eating industrial feed, immunity is noticeably weaker. By the way, the menu, which is dominated by carbohydrates, not only changes the metabolism, but also badly affects the canine nervous system, increasing the inhibition processes. Unsurprisingly, a puppy transferred to BARF becomes more energetic and even aggressive.
This is typical for a growing body that is receiving proper nutrition. You just need to increase the time for walking and playing. Puppies, as a rule, willingly eat raw foods, but sometimes are capricious, refusing to unfamiliar. In this case, the new ingredient is mixed with the tested one, or a slice is placed in the mouth and closed, waiting for the puppy to swallow.
It is interesting! A healthy puppy (due to its rapid growth and undeveloped saturation center) is always hungry, and refusal to eat signals an illness or overfeeding. In the second case, he is weaned from the bowl for a couple of feedings or the ration is reduced by 1.5-2 times.
A German shepherd puppy with a natural type of diet receives all trace elements / vitamins from fresh chopped vegetables / fruits (plus berries / herbs) and raw meat products. Industrial vitamins, especially water-soluble vitamins, are highly undesirable as they are easily overdose. If you deem it necessary to feed the puppy with them, give half the dose, adhering to the course interval.
What to feed in the first month
Natural feeding compares favorably with factory diets in that it is easy to adapt it to each puppy. From about 3 weeks of age, puppies begin to be fed meat, despite the fact that they are still receiving breast milk. The proportion of meat and dairy ingredients increases as breast milk is reduced in the diet. Standard complementary foods are produced once a day, increasing the frequency daily, if there are no side reactions (flatulence, constipation or diarrhea).
As for adult shepherd dogs, meat for puppies is not stewed or boiled. The best option is scraped meat, for which they take lean beef. The dish is prepared in several ways: rubbing slightly thawed pulp on a coarse grater, scraping frozen with a knife or passing it through a meat grinder.
It is interesting! Enzymes that can break down animal proteins appear in dogs no earlier than 18 days. Until this point, the puppies will most likely like the meat, but will not be assimilated by the body.
Along with meat, dairy products (fermented baked milk, children’s or settled kefir, cottage cheese) are introduced into the menu of a German shepherd puppy. You can make cottage cheese yourself, for example, pouring 1-2 tbsp into boiled milk. l. calcium chloride. After stirring, the liquid is filtered and calcined curd is obtained. You can also combine milk and kefir (in equal proportions) and heat the mixture until it turns into cottage cheese, which animals like very much.
Various starters have proven themselves well, ranging from yogurt, yogurt, kefir and ending with professional ones (Vivo, Narine and others). Put two tablespoons of the starter culture in milk and put it in a warm place until it is completely fermented. Then transfer the pan to low heat and do not remove until its contents are curdled. The curd mass is thrown onto a sieve and waited for the liquid to drain. By the way, some dog breeders treat their puppies with serum: this is useful, but there is a side effect. increased urination.
Breed lines of feed
Suppose that when answering the question of what to feed a German shepherd puppy, you leaned towards ready-made factory feed (due to your own laziness, busyness at work, or banal irresponsibility). You will have to choose an industrial diet in all seriousness, remembering that your puppy continues to form a skeleton, which means that economy and premium food stuffed with cereals is contraindicated for him.
Holistic products under the brands Acana and Orijen (with high nutritional value and good meat) are in the first positions in the domestic ranking of finished feeds.
- Acana Puppy Large breed;
- Innova Puppy Dry Puppy Food;
- Orijen Puppy Large;
- Acana Puppy Small Breed;
- Nutro Ultra Holistic Puppy;
- Chicken Soup For The Puppy Lover’s Soul;
- Innova Large Breed Puppy Dry.
Important! If your pet’s diet lacks raw cartilage and bones, you will need to supplement the diet with calcium supplements (preferably in the form of calcium chelate / citrate). Dog breeders rated Welpenkalk (Canina) and Irish Cal (Beaphar).
What you shouldn’t feed your German Shepherd puppies
Udders, lungs and especially beef liver, which often cause diarrhea, are prohibited.
The following are also recognized as dangerous and unnecessary products:
- bones after heat treatment and tubular;
- loaf, pastry and sweets;
- fried foods;
- spices and herbs;
- legumes and cabbage;
- plum and grapes;
- ketchup and mayonnaise.
From 1 to 2 months, a German shepherd puppy is fed 5-6 times a day every 3-4 hours (with a sleep break), increasing the portions as the pet grows. From 2 months they switch to 3-4 meals a day, from 3 months they feed three times a day. From half a year, the feeding regimen resembles an adult (twice a day) with a reduction in the proportion of animal proteins to 3-5% of the shepherd’s weight. Remember that overfeeding (overloading undeveloped ligaments / joints) is harmful to puppies, in which the dogs become soggy and loose.
Diet from a month to six months
From 1.5–2 months, raw vegetables begin to appear on the puppy’s menu, in small quantities and well chopped. From time to time, the pet is given the bran of cereals (a storehouse of fiber), such as oats, rye and wheat. They are easy to digest and serve as a breeding ground for the microorganisms that inhabit the intestines. Bran can be enriched with both meat and dairy dishes: the optimal dose for a puppy is a pinch. The constant intake of bran is contraindicated, since in large quantities they bind and remove calcium from the digestive tract.
Important! When the puppy is completely weaned from the mother’s breast, he should be given 6-10% protein food (by weight), divided by the number of daily feedings. As a rule, these are medium-fat cottage cheese and meat ingredients in a 50/50 ratio.
From a month and a half, it is recommended to add raw cartilage / bones (which supply calcium), starting with chicken necks and heads, as they are quite soft. Nevertheless, at first, these carcass fragments are beaten off and passed through a meat grinder. A two-month-old pet eats almost the same as an adult German shepherd. The owner introduces him to offal, different types of meat (duck, turkey, chicken) and fish. All products are served without heat treatment.
At this age, the puppy begins to actively use his teeth, so any pieces of carcasses are given as is, without beating. It is already possible to give a scapula and other large bones from which cartilage and meat are cut. This puts stress on the jaws, at the same time cleaning the teeth and contributing to a painless tooth change. Fresh fish is also source of calcium, preferably sea and oily fish, as fish oil improves the appearance of the dog’s skin / coat. Puppies are given fish with bones, ground in a meat grinder. Chicken eggs are also useful (if no allergy is noted) in any form. raw, like an omelet and boiled.
What to feed your German Shepherd puppy
Anyone who has learned the BARF system from Ian Billinghurst will not take a long time to think about how to feed a German Shepherd puppy. A serious working dog needs a natural diet based on bones and meat.