A three-month-old puppy taken from a breeder should be fed at first in the same way as it was before he appeared in the house. And only after a few weeks, transfer to homemade food or ready-made feed. But for this it is necessary to take into account such nuances as age, weight, the degree of daily physical activity, living conditions.
The puppy is fed 4-5 times a day, and the total amount per day should be about 400 grams.
You can choose two types of menu for your three-month-old pet.
Eating natural food, including meat, cereals, vegetables, fruits and fish. At the same time, one should not forget: in order to avoid a deficiency of important elements and vitamins, the dog will have to give various necessary supplements, liquid vitamins, calcified curd, calcium as complementary foods. You will also have to make sure that all products are of high quality and fresh. You need to cook separately for each meal, since food cannot be prepared for future use and kept in the refrigerator: this way it loses its valuable properties.
You can feed the puppy with dry food. Many people prefer this method because it is less expensive: both in terms of budget and time.
But nutrition with ready-made dry granules should be prescribed by a veterinary clinic doctor. Sometimes such a measure is necessary if the animal’s stomach is hypersensitive to many natural products or if the dog has a tendency to display allergies.
Modern industrial food of well-known brands can provide a pet with high-quality, impeccably balanced food, while premium food provides special holistic, anti-allergenic products that are suitable for dogs with individual digestive characteristics.
3 month old labrador puppy training
Some owners choose a mixed type of food for their pet, according to the rules of which the dog receives dry food in the morning and eats natural food in the evening. However, this method of feeding is only suitable for temporary use: it is undesirable a priori to mix homemade products and dry food.
Already from day 40, puppies from liquid cereals and dry granules soaked in water are transferred to full-fledged natural nutrition.
A dog in 3 months needs the following foods in the diet:
- the most useful meat for a young animal is raw lean beef, rich in animal proteins and is a building material for the normal development of the body;
- sea fish, rich in phosphorus, proteins and iodine, is given to puppies at 3 months only in boiled form;
- cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt and milk are needed for optimal digestion and intestinal health;
- in a small amount, the dog requires the use of cereals. mainly buckwheat and rice.
Also, in porridge with meat and in meat broth, you need to add finely chopped greens, raw vegetables: pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini and carrots. A minimum of salt is allowed when cooking. In addition, the animal needs clean water that is constantly available.
The following foods should be avoided: bones, especially boiled ones, wheat loaf, sausages and sausages, fatty meats, sweets.
From childhood, the puppy must be taught to the correct dog manners. At three months, he should know commands such as “Place”, “Fu”, “Sit”, “Lie down”.
First of all, the baby brought to the house should be introduced to the place where he will sleep and rest, with his utensils for eating and drinking. For the bed, they choose a place that is warm and cozy, so that the puppy gets used to it faster, they put toys there by age and goodies, for example, a sugar bone.
An important point is collar training. As soon as the puppy gets comfortable in the house, you can put a dog accessory on it and immediately reward it with some kind of treat.
To raise a boy correctly means to wean him from gnawing things, picking up food from the ground, barking at people and showing aggression towards other animals, as well as teaching him to meet the owner without rushing at him with a joyful roar. for this the puppy must execute the command “Place” or “Sit”.
Even if an animal has done something, you should never punish it if it lies on its back with an open belly. In addition, as the rule says, the dog must be on a short leash when punishing.
However, inexperienced owners often make mistakes during training that can negatively affect the physical health and psyche of the puppy:
- use beatings during training;
- accompany dissatisfaction with the dog’s behavior with obscene language in an angry tone;
- give unbearable instructions and tasks to the animal that do not correspond to its strength and age.
It is also not necessary to train the Labrador in security activities, since this is not his purpose.
Appearance and characteristics of puppies
A Labrador puppy at 3 months looks like a rather large animal, it is already a teenager with strong paws and molars beginning to erupt, replacing milk teeth. Healthy babies have a well-nourished body, but without signs of excess weight, covered with beautiful, shiny and smooth hair.
If the puppy is purebred and healthy, then he has:
- of medium length, dense limbs;
- hanging ears;
- moderately massive head;
- flat back with strong bones;
- tucked up belly;
- uniform color throughout the body, without flaws, color and white spots;
- straight nose;
- medium width of the withers;
- sufficient distance between the hind and front legs;
- moderate tail.
The Labrador Retriever, which is a similar breed of hunting dog, may have a narrower, sleeker muzzle, longer and brighter coat, ranging from gold-plated to gold.
A three-month-old Labrador is active, inquisitive, reasonable balance prevails in his character, with the exception of games, when, being carried away, he can growl and bark.
However, this is only temperament, not aggression.
- growth at the withers. 40–42 cm;
- head circumference. 34–36 cm;
- chest girth. 50–56 cm;
- muzzle length. 6-7 cm;
- muzzle girth. 22-24 cm;
- mouth girth. from 11 to 11.5 cm.
At three months, the puppy should weigh about 12-14 kg, while the weight of the girls is closer to the lower limit of the standard.
The lack of pure blood in a puppy can be indicated by: a belly lowered to the ground, too long or disproportionately short limbs, clubfoot and squint, a half-erect appearance of the ears. Also, healthy young animals practically do not have dental diseases.
Everything you need to know about a Labrador at 3 months
The Labrador breed is one of the most demanded and loved ones. There is a simple explanation for this. the dog has all the necessary service and wonderful personal qualities, it is friendly, cheerful, agreeable, and amenable to training. This is a cheerful and faithful assistant to a person in all matters, but in order to raise and raise a puppy, you will need to learn everything about the characteristics of the animal.
Caring for a young dog has its own characteristics, and you need to know about them, since the health of the pet depends on it.
- Once a week, the puppy needs to clean his ears with a special veterinary lotion, but this should be done with a soft damp cloth.
- Once every 2-3 months, the animal is washed with zoo shampoo, it is not recommended to bathe more often, as this can provoke skin diseases.
- In a puppy at 3 months old, with the growth of a molar tooth, the milk one can still remain in place. In this case, you need to consult a doctor to remove it. For prevention purposes, the dog should be periodically treated with raw potatoes and carrots to prevent the formation of plaque and tartar.
- The puppy’s claws are cut 2 times a month, later the animal will grind them off during long walks.
If the puppy hasn’t been vaccinated yet, it’s time to do it. And do not forget that you need to walk and play a lot with the dog in the fresh air. So it grows faster, fully develops and builds muscle mass. It’s good if a little Labrador makes friends with other dogs. nothing has such a positive effect on the mental health and socialization of an animal as communicating with others like them. However, other animals can also become friends of the puppy, the main thing is to teach him to treat them not as enemies or prey.
A list of all the necessary things and items that a Labrador needs for a normal life can be found in the video below.
Choosing a place and dishes
Arrangement of a place for feeding is one of the priority tasks of the socialization of a puppy in a new home, which determines the status of the pet and teaches him to the rules of behavior. A well-chosen place will help make the coexistence of a dog and a person comfortable.
Correctly arrange a place for eating where the dog and the person will not interfere with each other. It is important to respect not only your status, but also to treat with understanding the rights of your pet.
For apartments with a small kitchen, it is better to determine the feeding place in the corridor, and if there are large areas, place the bowl in an impassable corner. For feeding the Labrador, special rods are suitable with the possibility of installing two bowls.
Such constructions are convenient:
- It is possible to change the height of the bowls as the puppy grows up.
- After feeding, there is practically no need to clean the room, since the puppy cannot overturn the bowl of food or water, as is often the case when feeding from the floor.
It is natural for dogs to eat from the ground, therefore, the statement that posture is fixed in dogs with “level” feeding is incorrect. The dog will be most comfortable if the bowl is approximately at the level of the elbows.
Dishes for a Labrador puppy are chosen based on financial capabilities, as well as in accordance with the age of the puppy. It should not be flat, but not too deep (often the depth depends on the type of diet). There are different sizes of plastic, ceramic and metal bowls. The latter are the most common dishes for dogs, due to the price-quality ratio. It is convenient to reheat food in a ceramic bowl in the microwave.
There are three types of dog feeding: natural, commercial, and mixed. How and what to feed a Labrador puppy. the owner himself decides, based on a detailed description of each option and his personal beliefs.
How and what to feed a Labrador puppy: a menu by age
Dogs of different breeds have their own nuances in growing, and first of all it concerns the preparation of diets. Choosing the right menu for a puppy is not a difficult task, if you understand what you should pay attention to, what foods you need to avoid, and how to build a dog’s diet.
It is necessary to feed a Labrador puppy taking into account the peculiarities of this breed and adhere to the built regime for the whole life of the dog.
How to feed a labrador puppy from birth to one year
With the appearance of a puppy in the house, it is necessary to organize the feeding process for him. This concept includes not only the preparation of the menu, but also the arrangement of the place where he will eat. From about one and a half months, the baby is taught to eat where he will do it all his life.
Sample Labrador Puppy Menu by Age
Taking into account that sometimes you have to feed newborn puppies, it is worthwhile to paint an approximate menu for a Labrador puppy from birth to one year. And although Labrador puppies are mobile dogs, their propensity for rapid weight gain is determined by the ratio of nutrients: protein. 50%, dairy products. 20%, cereals. 20%, vegetables. 10%. The amount of total animal protein can be reduced slightly with age. All components of the diet are given daily, except for fish, offal, eggs and bones. Their puppy is offered 2-3 times a week.
Puppy feeding rates depend on many parameters, and often even puppies of the same litter are given different amounts of food. On average, dogs are fed at the rate of 3-4% feed per 1 kg of body weight. That is, for a labrador puppy weighing 10 kg, the daily food intake is determined at 300-400 grams.
Ready-made feeds are industrial rations: dry or wet food made at the factory from meat and vegetable raw materials by means of heat treatment, pressing and drying and packaged in packages of different sizes.
For industrial feed, various raw materials are used, depending on the quality of which the rations are divided into classes:
- super premium;
Obviously, the higher the price of a product, the more fresh meat it contains, and an additional “flag” when choosing a feed will be its ingredient composition: raw meat should be listed in its first lines.
Dry food for a Labrador puppy is selected in accordance with its age and predisposition to diseases, but in any case it must be a product of at least a premium class.
The higher the class of the feed, the more meat ingredients it contains, the better digestibility, the higher the energy value and the lower the daily requirement.
However, not all industrial diets, even of the highest rank, are equally good for Labrador puppies: often it is only empirically that it is possible to determine whether the food is suitable for the pet, and whether there will be adverse reactions to it.
Dry food for an adult labrador puppy should contain a moderate amount of protein and fat (no more than 24% and 14%), special substances for healthy heart function and natural burning of excess fat (L-carnitine), as well as supplements to maintain elasticity of the joints (glucosamine, chondroitin). Small puppies benefit from diets high in protein and fat.
Due to the allergies of these dogs, foods based on lamb, turkey, fish and not containing wheat, soy or corn are suitable for them.
The ready-made diets are adapted to the digestive system of dogs in each growth period, and contain the “First Complementary” line, which can be started to feed puppies at the age of 3-4 weeks, and sometimes even earlier. Also, canned food and spiders are well suited for the first feeding, the taste and texture of which puppies really like.
At the time of the first feeding, dry croquettes are soaked with water: such gruel helps to adapt the baby’s body at the stage of transition from mother’s milk to solid feed granules.
Positive and negative aspects of feeding puppies with dry food are summarized in the table.
|Convenient storage and dispensing||Some rations do not meet quality criteria (difficulty in selection with a lack of ability to read formulations)|
|Variety of flavors and a wide range of positions||Many brands are not puzzled by the decoding of incoming raw materials: puppies with allergies to feed components have to empirically check for the presence of a “dangerous” component|
|No time consuming preparation||Dry food is dehydrated: if it is impossible to provide the puppy with uninterrupted drinking, he is at risk of getting sick|
|Quality food is complete (the puppy does not need to be fed)||Not all dogs like dry food: often the highest quality diets have low palatability due to the lack of chemical flavor enhancers|
|Vitamins and minerals are already included in the composition|
|Ease of feeding when traveling|
Properly selected high-quality food will not harm your pet and will provide it with all useful nutrients if you follow the feeding standards and adhere to the diet.
In 1 month
At 1 month old, the assortment of the puppy is expanding every day, but even at this age, new food is given little by little and no more than one unfamiliar product per day. Milk is still in the diet, and if the puppy does not suckle, the puppy formula plays its role.
The approximate diet of a monthly puppy consists of:
- porridge in milk, water, vegetable or meat broth (buckwheat, rice or steamed oat flakes), cut into pieces of meat with grated vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cabbage. boiled or raw);
- cottage cheese with raw yolk and yogurt;
- it is better to give eggs to a labrador puppy quail or boil.
As a treat, you can give unsalted cheese and fruits. Of the bones, soft beef ribs are well suited for babies. they are given about 1-2 times a week. The feeding regimen at this stage of growth is 5-6 times a day.
Features of the Labrador breed
Labradors are rather large, tightly knit dogs, with short, dense hair and a good undercoat. They love to run, swim and take a rather active life position. Their love of life also has a passion for food.
The constant desire to chew something, plus a lack of exercise in the form of active games and prolonged walking, will certainly affect the exterior and well-being. These pets are prone to obesity and related troubles. heart disease, problems of the musculoskeletal system, diabetes, liver failure. Many Labradors are prone to allergic reactions to food components, which should be taken into account when choosing a food.
Such features of the breed are taken into account when drawing up a menu and establishing a nutritional regimen, individual for each period of puppy growth.
Purina Pro Plan Adult Large Breed Athletic Lamb
Advantages: hypoallergenic lamb meat is in the first place; cardioprotector taurine was included in the feed to maintain heart activity. Liver autolysate was used as a flavoring agent.
Disadvantages: The manufacturer indicates the percentage of those components that give the impression of the usefulness of the feed. Salmon proteins, egg powder are in the last places, therefore they are mentioned for advertising purposes. With a high protein content of 28%, the muscle fiber component, taurine, had to be added. The product goes on sale in bags of 14 kg, worth 4645 rubles.
How to feed a labrador puppy by months
The best age to buy a puppy is considered to be 3 months. But breeders start adding babies when they are 8 weeks old. Check with the previous owners what they were given, do not change the nutrition of the puppy for 2 weeks. During this time, decide how you will feed the dog: ready-made food or natural. For beginner dog breeders, I recommend using ready-made food. because the manufacturer has enriched them with all nutritional components. Dehydrated pellets do not deteriorate, so you can leave them until completely consumed until you determine the feeding rate for your pet.
Breeders recommend feeding growing young and adult dogs as follows:
|2 4 6 12||2|
The estimated dry food requirement for a puppy depends on age and estimated adult body weight. Consult the breeder for what weight to achieve at the end of the grow.
I have developed a table by which you can calculate the daily ration of dry food.
|9 and older||290||320||370||400|
The need for dry food increases until the age of five months. After six months, the amount of food is reduced so that the teenager does not gain excess weight. Labradors are considered puppies up to fifteen months of age. I recommend using super premium ready-to-eat foods up to this age. The size of the diet is subject to correction. A dog kept on the street during the cold season will need 20-30% more food than a relative living in an apartment. After six months of age, monitor the puppy’s nutritional status according to the attached table.
If your pet gets a score higher than 3, limit food intake or increase physical activity.
When calculating the amount of natural food, rely on the data in the dry food requirement tables. Croquettes contain 90% dry matter, cereals, fish or meat. 30%, fruits and vegetables even less. Therefore, multiply the data in the table by 90/30 = 3. If your goal is to raise a dog with a live weight of 30 kg, then give a four-month-old puppy 3103 = 930 g of food per day.
The feed has no drawbacks, except for the high cost. We will introduce you to Grandorf and Ownat Grain free just.
Labrador food: how to feed a puppy, how many times a day, suitable dry food
Labradors are prone to gaining excess weight, increased stress on joints, dental diseases, skin diseases, so they need special nutrition.
I will tell you how Labradors of different ages are fed, I will give a description of ready-made nutrition and natural products.
You will learn what products can be used to feed your pet and what should not be given.
Dog owners are most likely to buy the following brands of premium food for Labradors:
- Royal canine;
Advance Labrador Retriever
Advantages: the food is specially designed for Labradors, the first and second places are taken by products of animal origin. Fats are stabilized with natural tocopherols. The feed contains chondroprotectors, taurine pacemaker, natural antioxidants, fat burner L-carnitine. Feed cost. 4361 rubles / 12 kg.
Disadvantages: the presence of a chemical stabilizer. sodium pyrophosphate. Behind the maize protein is corn gluten. The manufacturer uses advertising gimmicks aimed at the uninformed consumer. Plasma protein is a valuable byproduct of blood processing, but immunoglobulins are broken down in the intestine into amino acids like other proteins.
Feeding natural food at home
Until the age of two months, the breeder takes care of the nutrition of the puppy. How to feed a Labrador at home? Do not change your diet for two to three weeks, and then use the following scheme:
|one||milk||cottage cheese with milk||cottage cheese with kefir|
|2||cottage cheese||rice or buckwheat porridge||meat or fish with porridge or vegetables|
|3||rice porridge||vegetables||meat with vegetables|
What cereals do Labradors eat? For puppies up to four months old, cook rice, for older pets, alternate rice with buckwheat.
To feed a three-month-old puppy, you will need 300 ml of milk and meat, 150 g of cottage cheese and rice porridge, 100 g of vegetables, which are poured with a spoonful of vegetable oil, preferably linseed oil. For a pet from 3 to 4 months, use the same ingredients, increase their quantity by 50%. Gradually replace milk with kefir, because teens and adults cannot tolerate milk sugar. For puppies over 4 months old, increase the feed by another third. From six months, once or twice a week, replace meat with boiled fish. Breeders recommend giving 1 quail egg per day.
Experts advise a dog over 8 months old to feed 0.5 kg of kefir with cottage cheese in the morning, 0.5 kg of meat or fish with 0.2 kg of vegetables or porridge in the evening. For adult dogs, some meat can be replaced with offal.
Organic products. What to feed?
The Labrador is a rather picky animal. If you decide to feed the dog with natural food, then the food for it should be prepared separately. The basis of the puppy’s diet, of course, is protein products (eggs, meat and cottage cheese). First, the little ones are given chopped meat. In addition, cereals will be required for full development.
When composing the diet of an adult dog, you need to observe the following ratio: per 1 kg of body weight, 15 g of meat, 1-2 g of fat and 6 g of carbohydrates are needed per day.
For puppies, the indicators are several times higher (two to three).
What kind of meat can a Labrador have? Of course, lean beef is best. Pork should not be given, it has a detrimental effect on the liver. From six months, internal organs (heart, kidneys, scar, etc.) can be introduced into the diet.
What dairy products should you give your dog? Of course, this is cottage cheese. Milk is poorly absorbed, it is less nutritious, moreover, it sometimes weakens. Kefir and yogurt are especially useful for the puppy. These fermented milk products are good for digestion.
Useful for puppies up to seven months and calcified cottage cheese. It is prepared simply: put milk on the fire, add calcium chloride solution before boiling (at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 1 liter of liquid), and after boiling, remove from heat, stir and discard on cheesecloth. This is how cottage cheese turns out.
Eggs are quite nutritious foods, but in their pure form they are poorly digested. It is better to give raw yolk mixed with porridge or dairy products. Can be made as an omelet. The dog lays one egg per week. During the period of gestation and feeding of babies, the bitch is given a larger amount, as well as the dog during the mating period.
What is the best fish to give a Labrador dog? It is advisable to choose a marine. The dog can use it both boiled and raw. The river must be boiled. Remember that the carcass must be boneless. Labradors, especially those in need of dietary nutrition, benefit from pollock, pike perch, pike and hake. Fish species containing trimethylamine oxide are prohibited for dogs.
Bones for Labradors are not particularly useful, they have no nutritional value, and chicken bones are not allowed at all, as they can lead to big intestinal problems. Sometimes one innocent tubular bone can cause the death of an animal. So don’t mess with your pet’s health.
First days at home and feeding
Of course, in the first days after a small lump appeared in your apartment, it needs to be fed with the food that it ate from the breeder. After a few days (or weeks), if you already have a desire, the dog can gradually be transferred to a diet acceptable to the new owner.
It should be noted that you need to prepare two bowls in advance: one for food, the other for water. The latter must constantly be filled. Make sure that the water in the bowl is always clean and fresh. Put food for the puppy for 15 minutes (no more). Food for a Labrador, regardless of age, should be warm, about 32 degrees. If the baby eats badly, indulges in, then after this time the food must be removed, and it does not matter how much food the dog ate. In no case do not try to persuade him, otherwise you will also beg in adulthood. Why exactly 15 minutes? During this period, the puppy will have time, if desired, to eat food, while he will not have time for pampering.
Diet Chart (Labrador Retriever) Full Day of Feeding Puppy & Adult Dog | Pet Food | Baadal Bhandaari
It is advisable to put the bowls on supports so that their incorrect placement does not lead to the curvature of the cervical vertebrae. The height needs to be adjusted according to the puppy’s height.
Errors when feeding a puppy and an adult dog
After the puppy has eaten, do not bother him, in order to avoid volvulus. Labradors. very cunning dogs, they can manipulate their owners, begging for food, because they almost always want to eat. Between feedings, you should not feed your pet, otherwise the “poor, unhappy, hungry” dog will always be at your feet when you have lunch, breakfast and supper. It is better to send your pet to another room during the meal so that neither he nor you are tempted.
Now let’s figure out what to feed. Labrador is a mobile dog, therefore it needs a varied and balanced diet. Given the fact that it is quite difficult to do this at home, many experts recommend dry food.
What you should avoid if you want your pet to live longer.
Don’t feed your dogs starchy foods. These include beans, peas, and potatoes. Why? Because animals lack enzymes that break down starch.
Do not give your dog sweets, they disrupt digestion and spoil the appetite.
How to feed your Labrador Retriever? How to feed your Labrador correctly
If a small dog has appeared in your house, then you will probably be interested in learning how to feed your new pet. This is what we are going to talk about today. Regardless of what kind of Labrador is planned: in an apartment or in a house with free access to the street, you need to think over the food and diet of the animal correctly.
Carefully plan your dog’s diet before feeding. The Labrador Retriever must receive a sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins, which must be given along with natural food. If you give your pet premium food, then, as a rule, he does not need additional feeding. But there are other factors to consider as well. For example, if there is intensive growth or a lot of stress on the joints, you can start adding vitamins to the puppy from three to four months. What mineral supplements are suitable for a Labrador retriever? These are the preparations Glucosamine and Calcidee, as well as the feeding “Airishkal” (Holland), which has proven itself quite well among dog breeders.
Number of feedings for dogs of different ages
How much to feed a Labrador Retriever? The number of meals you eat depends on your age. For example, in the first two months, the baby needs very frequent meals, about 6 times a day. Up to six months, five feedings per day will be enough, and after 6 months the dog should be fed 4 times. After seven months and up to a year, three meals will be enough. After that, you can already feed the Labrador twice a day.
Water in the puppy’s diet at 3 months
Water is the basis of blood and all body fluids. With a lack of water, puppies’ blood thickens, which leads to disastrous consequences. In puppies at 3 months of age, dehydration develops rapidly and can cause irreparable harm.
Important! Dehydration is one of the key reasons why it is not recommended to feed puppies at 3 months of age with dry pellets.
Usually, puppies do not have problems with water intake as long as a drinking bowl is readily available. When choosing an industrial diet, make sure that at least two large drinkers are available for your pet. The water should be changed once a day, more often in hot weather. The higher the air temperature, the faster the pathogenic microflora develops in the water, and this is fraught with indigestion and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
Dry food for a puppy at 3 months
Most owners prefer to feed their pet dry food because it is convenient and time-saving. However, at the age of three months, the puppy is not ready to eat dry granules and there are a number of good reasons for this. The puppy’s digestive tract gradually adapts to digesting new food. Dry granules entering the digestive tract actively absorb water. At such a young age, feeding with dry food can lead to dehydration, even with active drinking.
Dry food can only be added to the puppy’s diet when soaked. So that the granules do not harm the pet’s body, they must be poured with warm water or broth 10-15 minutes before feeding. After the granules are saturated with water, increase in volume and become soft, they must be crushed and mixed with canned food. For puppies of large breeds, soaked dry food can be introduced into the diet from 3 months, the rest no earlier than 4 months.
How to feed a puppy at 3 months
How to feed a puppy at 3 months old? What can not be fed to a puppy at 3 months old? What to choose dry food, canned food, natural food or mixed feeding? To correctly formulate the diet and feeding regimen, you need to know the developmental features of a puppy at 3 months. Water, vitamins and supplements play an important role in a puppy’s diet! Let’s take a closer look!
Commercial canned dog food comes in pates and chunks with gravy. The pate is suitable for feeding a puppy from 1 to 2 months of age. After that, the pet can be transferred to canned food, so that he learns to chew and eat food similar to porridge.
Against the background of feeding with canned food, it is important not to forget that the basis of the diet should be milk. If you are on an industrial diet, you should only give your puppy a bitch milk replacer, which is sold as a powder and is diluted with water. To prevent the puppy from developing dehydration, it is necessary to ensure that he is drinking enough water.
A key factor in choosing canned commercial puppy food is quality. Traditionally, feed is divided into four classes. Premium food and higher are suitable for daily feeding of puppies. Economy class food does not contain enough proteins, vitamins, but contain preservatives, flavor enhancers and useless fillers.
Features of the development of a puppy at 3 months
The developmental characteristics of a puppy at 3 months may vary slightly depending on the breed. However, almost all puppies between the ages of 3 and 6 months are in the active growth stage. A constantly growing body, the need for communication, activity and the acquisition of new skills forms an overestimated need for energy.
A balanced diet is one of the key factors in the timely formation of a puppy, both physically and mentally. At the age of 3 months, the pet’s body begins to prepare for the change of milk teeth, which leads to an increase in the need for vitamins and trace elements. In addition, before the change of milk teeth in a puppy, the immune defense of the body sharply decreases. During the period of feeding with mother’s milk, the puppy receives not only nutrition, but also antibodies that protect it up to three months of age.
At the age of 2 months or a little older, the pet needs to be vaccinated. Parasite prophylaxis should be carried out 2 weeks before vaccination. Before preparing for vaccination, you should visit your veterinarian, since vaccinations can only be given to an absolutely healthy animal. If the doctor discovers that the pet is suffering from any ailment, treatment is carried out first, and after vaccination.
Feeding regimen for a puppy at 3 months
At the age of three months, the puppy receives its first vaccination, after which it can be walked outside. For many owners, this event becomes a holiday, since the pet can be trained to use the toilet outside the home. Feeding regimen is extremely important at three months of age, as you can track the calorie intake and the time after which the pet needs to be taken outside.
The frequency of feeding a puppy at 3 months of age is individual and ranges from 3 to 5 meals per day. The smaller the dog is, the more often it should eat. Deliberately increasing the portion of food when the puppy is not ready for it leads to overstretching of the stomach, which is fraught with overeating and weight gain in the future.
Vitamins and Supplements
Until the puppy leaves the phase of active growth, he constantly needs vitamins and supplements with microelements. If you keep your pet on an industrial diet, its vitamin and mineral needs can be compensated for with quality super premium food or higher. When feeding premium food or a natural diet, vitamin supplements must be added to the puppy’s diet.
With a natural diet, the puppy’s diet contains sources of vitamins and microelements. cottage cheese, liver, eggs, vegetables, fruits, herbs, etc. A balanced diet will compensate for the pet’s needs before the start of the milk teeth change (4–5 months of age). As soon as the front incisors begin to wobble, additional sources of vitamins and minerals or industrial vitamin supplements should be introduced into the pet’s diet.
Mixed feeding. what is it
Some owners prefer mixed feeding, that is, the pet is fed both industrial and natural food at the same time.
Feed manufacturers and veterinarians do not recommend this type of feeding, although the experience of many owners suggests otherwise.
In theory, a dog’s gastrointestinal tract is unable to adapt to the digestion of natural and industrial foods that the dog consumes at the same time.
It is important to understand that natural food enters the intestines and begins to be digested within 10–20 minutes after eating. Dry food takes 20–40 minutes to absorb moisture and sink into the intestines. It turns out that while feeding with dry granules and natural products, part of the food is simply not digested. This problem is solved by pre-soaking dry food.
Mixed feeding is not recommended because it threatens with hypervitaminosis. Quality food contains the full range of vitamins and minerals your dog needs. When introduced into the diet of natural products, the dog receives additional vitamins and minerals, and this is fraught with the development of various chronic diseases.
Note! When fed with quality commercial food, supplementing the diet with natural products can lead to weight gain.
Mixed feeding threatens another nuisance. dysbiosis. Dysbacteriosis is not an independent diagnosis, it always acts as a symptom of any disease. In the case of mixed feeding, part of the food in the intestines is not digested, but simply rots, which adversely affects the natural intestinal microflora. Over time, instead of beneficial bacteria, pathogenic microflora develops in the dog’s intestines, which leads to chronic indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea.
How to feed a labrador puppy?
The dog has long been considered man’s best friend. And if earlier, when choosing a breed, a person had a certain species framework, then today you can choose from more than a thousand breeds the one that embodies the qualities of the “ideal dog”. Many people settle for Labradors. Why? These dogs are very kind and active, and the worldwide fame of the movie “Marley and Me” made them even more desirable.
If you want your Labrador to grow up healthy, you need to take care of nutrition. It is advisable to thoroughly know how to feed a Labrador puppy and what kind of care he needs to provide. Of course, every puppy needs a special individual approach. But the general information remains the same.
What to feed your Labrador Retriever?
It is important to know not only about the number of meals, but also about the diet. If you are giving a puppy dry food, the ratio of weight and age of the puppy to the amount of food should be displayed on the package. Nutrition must be balanced and healthy, as this is what guarantees that the little dog will fully develop.
If you do not know what is the best way to feed a Labrador puppy (at 2, 3 and 4 months), then you need to turn to a simple scheme:
- 1-2 month old puppies need 5-6 feeding times;
- 2-4 months. 4 times a day;
- 4-7 months. in 3 meals a day;
- when turning 8 months, transfer your pet to 2 meals a day.
What food to choose for a labrador puppy?
Choosing a type of food better than a Labrador retriever is an individual question. According to statistics, the majority of dog breeders are on the side of dry food. Ready-made mixtures contain a completely balanced composition of ingredients that will be responsible for the development of bones, a beautiful, healthy and thick coat, and, in principle, for the entire health of the Labrador.
But in addition to the listed advantages, dry food has some disadvantages:
- Many foods contain harmful additives that stimulate appetite;
- when chewing small pellets of food, the dog does not receive the necessary load on the teeth;
- bones must be periodically added to dry food;
- cheap types of feed lack many vitamins, which disrupts the puppies’ metabolism.
If you decide to start feeding not with dry ready-made feed, but with natural products available in stock, opt for buckwheat and rice groats. Do not give pearl barley and oatmeal porridge, as they provoke an upset stomach. Never give your Labrador milk, sausages, pork and lamb, candy, pasta or legumes. Don’t forget about special vitamins for dogs.
What is so compelling about ready-made dry (commercial) feed is that it is completely balanced. True, this only applies to expensive premium feed. Namely:
- Eagle Pack Holistik;
- Nutro ultra holistik.
Prompt! It is not the name of the feed company that matters, but the series.
The same “Eagle Pak” feed can be not only super premium class, but also economy class, of much lower quality. And giving food of questionable quality to a puppy in the first months of life is not only undesirable, but also dangerous. After all, his health in the future and the number of your visits to the veterinarian depend on this.
What does poor quality feed mean? This is when, instead of meat, powder from grated giblets and hooves is added. When, instead of easily digestible cereals, flour is added, for example, corn, which is difficult to digest and harms digestion. In addition, the consumption of higher quality, as a rule, expensive feed is lower than that of the economy class. This is natural, because natural meat is much more satisfying than corn flour and chemical impurities. The most important advantage of feed is its minerals and vitamins. It is very convenient, you do not need to give the dog any additional vitamin complexes. But no matter how wonderful the dry ration may have, one of the common problems of dog breeders is that the dog does not want to eat it, but asks for regular food from the table or natural food.
There is no special need to explain what natural food is, all dog breeders already know that these are the very best pieces of meat that we simply must, in the opinion of our pets, give them. And everything would seem very simple, but! In order for a dog to grow up healthy on natural food and not have at least those health problems that, due to the peculiarities of its breed, should not have, we must give it not only the best pieces of meat. Because nobody canceled a balanced diet! over, in no case should you feed the puppy only meat.
An excess of protein can lead to serious problems of internal organs, up to and including death. And it is possible and necessary to include meat in the diet only by 40-50% before the age of 4.5 months, by 30-40%. after 5 months. The rest of the menu should be easily digestible cereals, preferably buckwheat or rice, supplemented with vegetables and fruits. True, fruit can be difficult, often dogs do not like them. But experts in the breeding of Yorkshire terriers and Biewer Yorkies advise in such cases to give multivitamin complexes.
How to properly feed York puppies up to 3, 4 months
So, you have long wanted, after which you seriously thought, weighed all the pros and cons and finally bought a dog, namely a Yorkshire Terrier puppy. Great choice. And what is remarkable, the dogs of this breed are the smartest and most trainable among the small decorative breeds. Your baby is beautiful and smart, and most likely around 3 months old. It is usually at this age that breeders sell puppies.
Dry or dry is the question
First of all, you need to figure out not how many times you need to feed the puppy, but what exactly and when it is better to do it. Perhaps the most controversial question regarding the care of dogs: what kind of food should be properly fed. ready-made dry or natural, that is, food from the master’s table? Veterinarians and dog owners alike continue to argue about this topic.
There is still no consensus. Both natural feed and ready-made, so-called industrial, have their pros and cons. But it must be understood that these are two different feeding rations that it is undesirable to mix. Giving “sweets”, even if you decide to feed only dry food, of course, you can in the form of encouragement and a little. But feeding both at the same time is harmful because there will be an excess of nutrients. What are these two types of food and what are the differences?
How much, to a little and a lot
A very important point in feeding any puppy, and even more so a small breed, Yorkie, is the amount of food and the frequency of feeding. It is very bad to go to extremes, overfeed or underfeed a dog, especially in the first months of life, when immunity is being formed. Therefore, it is advisable to feed newborns (in case the bitch cannot or refused to feed) and puppies up to three months of age 5 times a day in small quantities. In a situation with newborn puppies up to 1 month old, this is milk and formula. At the age of 3 months and up to 4.5, the pet should be fed 4 times a day. At 6 months of age, transfer the puppy to three meals a day, and after 6 months onwards. two meals a day.
The most important thing is not that the dog eats a lot, but that it receives all the substances necessary for health. In this case, the number of times does not matter. And if you decide to give up dry food and cook the puppy yourself, then here is the necessary list of elements and their quantity that he should receive per day:
- Proteins. 4 g.
- Fat. 2 g.
- Carbohydrates. 14 g.
This is based on one kg of weight. Regardless of whether you have a regular puppy or a mini-York, you can easily calculate how much protein or carbohydrates your baby needs by multiplying the above figures by the number of full kilograms of his weight. For example, if a dog weighs 1.4 kg, then the daily protein intake will be: 4 × 1.4 = 5.6 g.
To accurately calculate the diet of natural products for a small puppy, you need a kitchen scale and knowledge of the composition of the foods that you are going to give your pet. If you nevertheless decide to feed the Yorkie with industrial food, then be sure to choose food that is appropriate for his age, because nutrition is a guarantee of the dog’s health and long life.