Diet of grown up and adult Labradors
Labradors from one year and older are fed twice a day. Roughly adhere to the following calculations:
- an adult dog per day requires a volume of food equal to 4% of the weight of the animal. about 0.7-1.4 kg of food daily;
- the amount of meat. 15 g for each kg of weight;
- the daily rate of carbohydrates is 5 g per kg;
- daily fat requirement. 2 g per kg.
The total amount of food is divided into 2 meals: morning and evening. The second feeding should be more satisfying: meat, vegetables, cereals. The morning menu consists of easily digestible food. cottage cheese, eggs, kefir.
In between the main feedings, you can treat the Labrador with delicacies, fruits, mineral supplements. Their calorie content is included in the daily norm.
- in the morning. cottage cheese or omelet, fresh vegetables;
- in the evening. chopped beef (fish) and offal with cereals, boiled vegetables, herbs.
The calorie content of the diet of an adult Labrador is adjusted individually for each dog.
The amount of servings and snacks depends on the activity of the animal: service or hunting dogs get 15-30% more protein products than pets.
The sex of the animal also matters (males are given 7-15% more food) and the season (in summer, the amount of food is reduced by 15%).
Dry food: how to choose the right one?
For Labradors, they buy food of the holistic or super-premium class. The products of other categories (premium, economy) will not provide the dog with adequate nutrition: there is little meat, a lot of grain crops, there are allergenic and harmful components (soy, chemical additives, etc.).
Labradors need food labeled “for large dogs.” You can also pick up specialized ready-made rations for pregnant women, active or, conversely, sedentary dogs, etc.
When choosing food, take into account the breed’s tendency to allergies, obesity and joint diseases.
- with low fat m;
- free of corn, gluten, soy, wheat, eggs;
- with natural preservatives. tocopherols, etc.;
- with glucosamine, L-carnitine, chondoprotectors;
- medicinal herbs and fruits to normalize metabolism and the digestive tract.
List of the best dry food for adult Labradors:
- Acana Grass-Fed with lamb;
- Advance for Adult Labradors;
- Eukanuba Breed Specific Dry for Labrador Retrievers;
- Grandorf with lamb and rice for large adult dogs;
- Orijen Grain Free for Senior Dogs;
- Applaws for adult large breed dogs with grain free chicken;
- Wolfsblut Green Valley Adult Dog Grain Free.
Feeding your Labrador at home. menu for puppies and adult dogs
Labradors are large dogs prone to food allergies, obesity, diseases of the cardiovascular system and musculoskeletal system.
Many health problems can be avoided by feeding your Labrador correctly. In the article, we will consider the diet of Labradors of different ages by months from the first days of a puppy’s life.
6 months to a year
From half a year, the diet of a junior approaches that of an adult dog. Labradors grow rapidly during this period and gain muscle mass. Therefore, the basis of their menu is protein food: meat and sour milk.
In addition to red and white meat, offal and fish are introduced.
You can give the first treats: cheese, meat biscuits, dried chicken or beef pieces. Quail or chicken eggs are required.
In the period from 6 months to a year, supplements with calcium and Honda continue to be added to prevent diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
You can already feed the puppies 3 times a day. During the day, training treats are allowed.
- first meal: 0.5 l of kefir;
- second: an egg. boiled or in the form of an omelet, 100 g of cottage cheese;
- third: 250 g of chopped meat, fish or offal, vegetables.
From eight weeks, the mother feeds the babies less and less. The menu at this age is similar to the nutrition of monthly puppies. However, the share of dairy products is reduced, and the share of meat products is increased. Plus, the meat can no longer be chopped in a blender, but cut into small pieces.
The diet of labrador puppies at 2-3 months includes:
- liquid porridge;
- finely chopped boiled vegetables, herbs;
- vegetable oil;
- boiled eggs;
- red meat, poultry. scraped or chopped;
- cottage cheese;
Two- and three-month-old Labradors are fed 5 times a day. Single serving volume. 60-80 g. Per day. no more than 400-500 g of food.
- morning: 200 ml of milk or mixture;
- lunch: 3 tbsp. l. finely chopped meat;
- evening: 4 st. l. chopped beef, 2 tbsp. l. boiled and chopped vegetables;
- at night: 1 tbsp. l. milk or cottage cheese.
From 3 months they begin to reduce the volume of milk. Gradually, it is completely removed from the diet, and the little Labrador is transferred to fermented milk products. kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese.
Meat can already be chopped larger, porridge. made thicker, and food slightly add salt. Vegetables still need to be boiled, but they also need to be fed several pieces of raw ones. this is how the baby gets used to solid food and trains the teeth.
Additionally, fruits, greens are introduced into the diet.
It is during the period from 3 to 5 months that Labradors are taught to eat solid foods. Raw and large pieces cannot yet be given, but the food must be cut larger. Boiled vegetables are no longer chopped, but fed chopped.
At this time, Labradors begin to grow rapidly. Therefore, fortified supplements with chondroitin, calcium and glucosamine are recommended. they will help the skeleton to form correctly, prevent rickets and dysplasia.
How many times to feed Labradors during this period depends on the exact age. So, three-month-old puppies can be given food 5 times a day, and five-month-old. 4 times a day. 100 g of food at a time, no more than 0.5-0.6 kg of food daily.
An example of food for a 3-5 month old puppy at home:
- breakfast: 200 ml of kefir;
- lunch: 4-5 st. l. chopped meat;
- dinner: 8 tbsp. l. minced meat with boiled vegetables;
- second dinner: 200 ml of natural yogurt or 50-100 g of cottage cheese.
What dry food to give puppies?
Dry food is introduced into the diet of Labrador puppies from 3 months. Before that, you can give ready-made dog food. At first, “crackers” are soaked in water. this is how kutyats are more accustomed to eating.
- Orijen for large breed puppies, grain free;
- Applaws for large puppies, grain free with chicken;
- Acana Heritage Grain Free for Large Breed Puppies;
- Grandorf for puppies of all breeds with lamb and rice hypoallergenic.
If you want to diversify your pet’s menu, take the following canned food:
- Landor for puppies with turkey and veal;
- Grandorf “Chicken with rice in aromatic jelly”;
- Trainer Natural for puppies and juniors;
- Solid Natura Premium;
- Eukanuba for puppies;
- Four-legged gourmet;
- Berkley for adult dogs with lamb and rice;
- Schesir Dog Chicken with Beef.
How to feed a Labrador for months
The diet of Labradors is significantly age dependent. Adults are fed according to one scheme, babies. in a different way.
The hardest part is feeding the puppies. Their diet differs from month to month, and the list and volume of food changes weekly.
The daily routine of puppies at the age of 1 month is rather monotonous. They eat, relieve themselves, sleep, play.
The puppy’s place should be equipped with these needs in mind. You need a bed (bedding), a diaper, bowls for food and water, toys. It is not necessary to wash the puppy often unnecessarily, this leads to defatting of the coat, dry skin, dandruff.
For the safety and convenience of keeping a puppy, you can purchase a cage or aviary. This keeps the apartment environment intact, makes toilet training easier, and the dogs perceive the crate as their place.
At 30 days, the puppy needs to be taught to a collar, a toilet on a diaper, you can start training (accustoming to a nickname, the simplest commands), teach behavior. in the house and with people.
All communication with a puppy at this age should be positive, without punishment. Often Labradors at this age bite their owners while playing. you need to carefully, without harshness, wean off this puppy. switch your attention to the toy, ignore the game with the dog until it stops. Trainers advise, when biting, to scream sharply and stop the game to create a stable connection in the puppy. “bite-scream-end of the game”.
Teething causes itching, which puppies can chew to relieve. If during this period they are not provided with special toys and treats, they can gnaw furniture, shoes, things and objects.
At the age of 1 month, the puppy needs to be proglisted.
The first complex vaccine for dogs against plague, infectious hepatitis, parvovirus enteritis, parainfluenza and leptospirosis is given 10 days after deworming. After 14 days, the second complex vaccination is given, at this stage the vaccination against rabies is also carried out. Quarantine lasts 10-14 days after the second vaccination, revaccination. once a year.
The puppies are vaccinated according to the scheme from the manufacturer of the vaccine. In veterinary clinics, vaccines of domestic and imported manufacturers are presented, for example. Biovac, Multican, Nobivak, Vangard, Dyramun, Eurikan.
Pros and cons
- Saving cooking time.
- The daily feed portion is indicated on the feed packaging.
- There is no need to add vitamin and mineral complexes.
- Convenient when traveling and traveling.
- A wide range of ready-made food allows you to choose the right one for your dog, taking into account its individual characteristics.
- The presence of preservatives in the feed to increase the shelf life.
- Many feeds contain little meat of very low quality (by-products, animal products. waste of meat production for humans).
- May cause allergies.
- High price.
- Heat treatment of the feed during its preparation “kills” some of the nutrients.
Feeding natural food
How much to give and how often to feed?
The amount of feed depends on the weight of the puppy. At the age of 1 month, a Labrador should eat about 5-7% of its own weight per day. With a weight of 3.5 kg, the daily portion of feed is 250 g. Of these, 50% are for meat, 30% for cereals, 10% for vegetables and dairy products. The daily portion is divided by the number of feedings. It is advisable to feed the puppy 5 times a day.
It is impossible to determine the exact amount and ratio of nutrients for all puppies! Food should be selected individually depending on the characteristics of the puppy and its environment.
How to choose?
Dry food should meet all your dog’s needs and be prepared for the age. A Labrador at the age of 30 days is suitable for professional feed for the first feeding of puppies of large breeds (the so-called “starter”). They contain everything a puppy needs to grow and develop, supplements to support joints and ligaments.
Dry food is divided into the following classes:
The assortment of dry food is very wide, a veterinarian can help in choosing, advise on the pros and cons.
Feeding dry food
It is strongly not recommended to feed puppies with bones, fatty, spicy, smoked, salty foods, chocolate, yeast-based baked goods, raw fish and eggs.
Vegetables and fruits are harmful to health. citrus fruits, grapes, avocados, broccoli, spinach, mushrooms and nuts.
Natural food or artificial feed
There is no definite answer to the question of which type of feeding is better and healthier for dogs.
Breeders’ opinions are similar only that the diet should be balanced and selected taking into account the dog’s age, health and activity level.
Labradors are not picky about food and their menu can be based on both natural products and ready-made industrial feed, the main thing is not to mix the types of feeding, observe the regimen and control the amount of portions.
The ready-made feed contains everything necessary for the health of the pet, and the amount of all micro- and macroelements is correctly balanced, which greatly simplifies the task of the owner.
At the same time, natural food is distinguished by its variety and the absence of artificial additives, but requires time from the owners to prepare it.
Proper feeding at home is one of the main aspects of Labrador care.
The development of the pet and the state of its health depends on this, therefore, it is necessary to approach the preparation of the diet with all responsibility.
Despite the fact that the representatives of this breed are omnivorous, it must be borne in mind that there are a number of products prohibited for them.
Menu for the week
|Day of week||Daily ration|
|Monday||300 g of boiled beef, 200 g of rice, 100 g of boiled carrots, 150 g of cottage cheese, 50 g of parsley|
|Tuesday||300 g of chicken, 200 g of buckwheat, 150 g of baked pumpkin, 100 g of curdled milk, chicken yolk|
|Wednesday||Boiled fish. 300 g, rice porridge. 250 g, raw zucchini and fermented baked milk. 100 g each and 25 g of greens|
|Thursday||300 g of raw tripe, 200 g of buckwheat porridge, 150 g of fruits and vegetables, 150 g of cottage cheese|
|Friday||300 g turkey, 200 g buckwheat porridge, 100 g boiled pumpkin and zucchini, 150 g cheese, 25 g lettuce leaves|
|Saturday||300 g of offal, 200 g of rice porridge, 200 g of carrots and beets, 100 g of curdled milk|
|Sunday||300 g fish, 150 g yogurt, 200 g rice porridge, 100 g omelet, 50 g raw pumpkin|
How to feed an adult dog
When compiling a Labrador’s menu, it is necessary to take into account the number of feedings per day, the amount of food consumed and the age of the pet, since at different ages he needs different proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins.
The number of feedings may vary by climate, physiology, gender, level of physical activity and time of year.
So, males need more nutritious food, sterilized animals. fewer foods and calories, in winter the volume of portions needs to be increased by 15-20%, and for older dogs it is important to reduce the amount of carbohydrates by about 20%.
Meat products should make up half of the daily diet, the other half should be divided between dairy products, cereals and vegetables.
Thus, for a dog weighing 20 kg, the daily menu looks like this:
- 200 g cereals;
- 200 g of vegetables and fruits;
- 400 g of meat.
Ready-made feeds must also be selected taking into account the characteristics of the pet and, when feeding, adhere to the recommendations specified by the manufacturer.
Feeding a Labrador based on industrial feed also has pros and cons.
The benefits of such a diet are:
- balanced composition, enriched with vitamins, macro- and microelements necessary for a dog;
- saving time on preparing food for your pet;
- convenience and ease of use;
- long shelf life;
- information about the daily intake indicated on the package.
Also, all feeds are made taking into account the individual characteristics of the animal. age, level of activity and health status, and dry food granules are coated with special formulations, which serves to prevent the formation of plaque and tartar.
Disadvantages of industrial food:
- the possibility of keeping low-quality meat or offal in the composition;
- use of artificial colors and flavor enhancers.
In addition, improperly selected food can provoke an allergic reaction.
- economy. low quality products, possibly soybeans, beans, as well as chemical flavors, dyes and flavor enhancers;
- premium. the composition is based on meat, offal and vegetables, there is no guarantee of the presence of vitamins and minerals;
- super premium. high quality and carefully selected products are used in the manufacture, the composition is enriched with vitamins and minerals.
You can also choose a hypoallergenic food for your pet, in which rabbit, lamb, pike perch or salmon meat is used, and cereals are replaced by vegetables and rice, or holistic, the composition of which is as close as possible to natural nutrition.
How to feed your puppy correctly
The table gives recommendations for feeding a Labrador puppy:
|Age||Daily menu||Number of feedings|
|Up to 1 month||At this time, puppies eat only breast milk. If for some reason this is not possible, it is better to find a wet nurse or independently feed the puppies with a special milk substitute and porridge for puppies||Up to 14 days every 2 hours, including at night, after. 6-8 times a day|
|1 month||Rice and buckwheat porridge, small pieces of meat, vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cabbage), cottage cheese, quail egg yolk, yogurt, vitamins and minerals||5-6|
|2 months||Introduce new types of meat, sea fish into the diet, from vegetables you can already cucumber, pumpkin, carrot tops||4-5|
|3 months||Include offal in your usual diet||four|
|from 4 months to 5 months||The puppy can already scar, udder, kidneys and lungs, barley||3|
|from 6 months to 1 year||All products are already included in the menu, you should gradually reduce the amount of sour milk products consumed||3, and closer to 1 year, switch to food twice a day|
Allowed and Prohibited Products
A balanced diet for a naturally fed Labrador should consist of:
- lean marine fish containing iodine, phosphorus and protein;
- dietary meat. lean beef, chicken, rabbit, turkey;
- boiled offal;
- rice, oatmeal, buckwheat porridge with a few drops of oil;
- fermented milk products fortified with calcium;
- eggs. 1-2 yolks twice a week;
- vegetables. carrots, zucchini, pumpkin;
- fruits, except apples and pears with seeds;
- a little salt.
It is necessary to exclude from the menu:
- fatty meat and fish. put a strain on the animal’s liver;
- bones. do not carry nutritional value, provoke constipation, volvulus, and tubular breaks and, getting into the intestine, injure it;
- beans, pearl barley, semolina and millet porridge, cow’s milk. lead to upset gastrointestinal tract;
- potatoes, cabbage. contribute to bloating;
- smoked meats, sausages. destroy liver cells;
- sweets and chocolate. lead to increased lacrimation, destruction of tooth enamel, disruption of the heart and digestive organs;
- baked goods. lead to obesity;
- onions and garlic. the risk of hemolytic anemia;
- sorrel and rhubarb. problems with the digestion and urinary system;
- raisins and grapes. danger of kidney failure.
Also, in no case should you give the Labrador coffee and alcohol.
6 months to a year
From 6 months, the Labrador is gradually transferred to an adult diet. Each new product should be introduced gradually, carefully observing the reaction. The portion is left in a bowl for no longer than 15 minutes. If the Labrador does not eat everything at once, the food is removed.
Dry and Wet Feed. Feed Overview
Super premium class modern dry food is made on the basis of first-class meat and vegetables. It has a varied composition and contains essential vitamins. High-quality drying is a complete replacement for homemade dishes. Premium food is made from second-rate meat and offal. Allergenic cereals act as fillers. Flavor enhancers are often included in premium feeds.
Drying economy class negatively affects the health of the dog. Manufacturers use offal and waste from slaughterhouses as raw materials. Such products cause urolithiasis, poisoning and allergies.
It is strictly forbidden to mix natural and drying! You need to stick to one type of food.
Foods targeted at Labrador Retrievers include:
It is recommended to give preference to super premium food. They contain whole meat and a significant list of nutrients.
In addition to specialized lines, high-quality feed for large breeds is suitable for Labradors. These include:
Labrador diet chart | Labrador puppy diet plan | in hindi | dog diet plan
- Nutra Gold;
- Fest Choice;
- Go !;
- Naw !;
Drying contains all the necessary vitamins, therefore, does not require the intake of mineral supplements.
The amount of dry food is indicated on the packaging or on the manufacturer’s website. It is calculated based on the dog’s body weight. To prevent the Labrador from gaining weight, the owner must follow these guidelines.
Many owners pamper their pets with canned food. They can be given alongside dry food, but never in the same bowl. In the morning, the Labrador is given drying, and in the evening, wet food. You should not transfer the animal exclusively to canned food. This is done only as directed by a doctor.
- Belcando. Made from whole chicken, horse meat and kangaroo meat. It also contains offal, rice, vegetables, fruits and berries. Grain-free rulers are available for dogs prone to food allergies. for a can of 400 g.
- Barkin Heads. They are known for their rich composition. Ingredients include whole meat and fish, a variety of fruits and vegetables, brown rice, herbs and seaweed. The manufacturer produces lines for dogs with sensitive digestion, overweight and hair problems. There are also lines that differ in the main ingredients. The disadvantage of these canned food is its high cost. for a can of 395 g.
- Almo Nature. Made from fresh meat (at least 50%) and vegetables. Canned food is known for its wide range of flavors and textures. The products are available in the form of pouches, jelly and pieces. An additional plus is a reasonable price (140 rubles for a can of 300 g).
1 to 6 months
By the age of 3 months, the puppy’s diet should include meat, cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal), dairy products, fresh and boiled vegetables. Cartilage is acceptable in moderation.
Calcified cottage cheese continues to be given up to 6 months.
Up to six months of age, you need to give so much natural food so that its volume is equal to 5-7% of the dog’s weight. The amount of dry food is indicated directly on the package.
You need to feed a month-old puppy in dosage, because it feeds on mother’s milk. You can enter into the baby’s diet:
- 0.5 tsp minced meat;
- 20 g fat-free cottage cheese;
- a small amount of boiled or mashed vegetables.
The volume of meat should be increased gradually. At 1.5 months, raw liver is added to the menu. Start with a small portion.
How to feed a Labrador retriever. the diet of a puppy and an adult dog
Labrador Retrievers are heavily built and gain weight easily. Plump dogs lose interest in life and become clumsy. Therefore, the choice of what to feed the Labrador is of particular importance.
Nutrition for older dogs
A dog is considered elderly if two-thirds of its average life has passed. Labradors live for about 12 years, which means that old age will start at 8. Older dogs are not so active, so they easily gain weight. They need a balanced, low-calorie diet. For some dogs, it is sufficient to reduce the size of the serving to keep their weight stable. The best option is a specialized dry food for senior dogs. It contains the necessary vitamins, and the composition corresponds to age-related changes.
High-calorie meat and bones are excluded from the natural diet. Old people are offered as much plant food as possible. Vegetables are best served boiled. Vegetable oil is very useful. protein remains the same.
Many owners choose to feed their dogs natural foods. This allows you to control the quality of food and diversify the menu. In addition, natural milk is quicker to digest and does not contain fragrances.
Labrador retrievers are large, mobile dogs. They spend a lot of energy during the day and need to be recharged. Therefore, their diet must be properly balanced.
Home-cooked meals should include:
- Diet meat: horse meat, beef, turkey, lamb, rabbit. It is served with boiled or scalded boiling water. You can alternate between feeding boiled and raw meat. Before the meat goes into the dog’s bowl, it must lie in the freezer for several days. The product is thawed before use and cut into pieces. Lean meat is very good for Labradors.
- By-products. They require long-term heat treatment. The exception is the rumen: it is given unpeeled and raw. This food is rich in protein and has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
- Marine fish (hake, cod, catfish and pollock). It can be given both raw and boiled. The main thing is to remove the head, tail, fins, bones and entrails. With frequent feeding with sea fish, it is recommended to take anthelmintic drugs for prophylactic purposes. River fish is given in moderation and only boiled. It may contain worm eggs.
- Dairy products. It is permissible to add grated cheese to ready-made dishes.
- Cereals: buckwheat, rice, rolled oats. Porridge is boiled in milk, diluted with water, or water. They are cooked without salt and spices and seasoned with 1 tsp. vegetable oil. If the dog gets fat quickly, it is recommended to exclude cereals from the diet.
- Eggs. Give no more than 2 per week. The yolk can be eaten raw, the protein. thermally processed. Hard-boiled eggs or omelette (no salt and spices).
- Vegetables: pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, beets. Vegetables are served stewed or raw. Pumpkin is a very healthy product. It is a prophylactic against helminthiasis. Give a couple of cloves of garlic once a week.
- Greens: lettuce, onion feathers, parsley, dill, celery, dandelion leaves, and spinach.
- Fruits and berries: raspberries, strawberries, cherries, cherries, apricots, pears, watermelons.
Soft cartilage, cheese, fruits and berries make good treats. Every day you need to prepare a fresh portion. Food should be at room temperature (hot and cold are not suitable for feeding the dog).
Natural food should be accompanied by the intake of vitamin supplements. They are picked up by a veterinarian.
- pork and other fatty meats;
- boiled and tubular poultry bones;
- milk. poorly absorbed by the body of an adult dog;
- fresh bakery;
- sausage and confectionery;
- fatty, spicy, fried, smoked and salty;
- spices and seasonings.
An adult dog needs to be fed 2 times a day: morning and evening. The daily allowance includes 50% meat, 25% vegetables and 25% cereals. The recommended volume of meat is 15 g per 1 kg of weight.
Labradors are prone to being overweight, so you need to follow the feeding norms!
The animal must have constant access to fresh water.
Labrador puppy food
Puppy food can be home-made or factory-made. High quality dry food has a line for babies. Therefore, the list of adult foods is relevant for puppies as well. Drying can be entered at the age of one month. The main thing is to soak the granules in warm water.
It is better to feed the puppy with super premium class food. Lack of nutrients can affect physical development.
- dietary meat: lamb, poultry, beef and horse meat;
- well-cooked offal (liver, lung, heart, stomach, kidneys and udder);
- sea fish;
- buckwheat, rice, rolled oats;
- calcined cottage cheese (up to six months);
- natural yogurt, cottage cheese, kefir, milk, yogurt;
- raw yolk (added to porridge or milk 2 times a week);
- omelet or hard-boiled eggs (no more than 2 times a week);
- vegetables: carrots, zucchini, spinach, pumpkin, cabbage, beets and rutabagas;
- seasonal fruits;
- greens: parsley, dill, lettuce, dandelion leaves, onion feathers;
- a clove of garlic once a week;
- 1 tsp olive oil (for dressing porridge).
40 g per 1 kg of body weight is the daily allowance for meat products. The meat is stored in the freezer and thawed before serving. It is recommended to feed minced meat: it enters the intestines undigested. Vegetables are served raw or cooked. A salad of fresh vegetables with sour cream will be useful. Marine fish are freed from organs, bones, fins, head and tail. Then boil until cooked. The list of prohibited foods matches the restrictions for adult dogs.
- in 1 month. 6 times a day;
- at 2 months. 5;
- at 3 months. 4;
- 4 months. 4;
- at 4-6 months. 3-4;
- at 6-10 months. 3;
- from 10 months. 2.
This mode is also relevant for feeding with dry food: the daily rate is divided by the number of meals.
How to feed a Labrador. the best ready-made and natural food
Labrador infinitely loves people, is ready to devote all his time to his family, to accompany the owner always and everywhere. to be a devoted friend and companion. We know that the nutrition of a Labrador retriever is one of the most important components that affects the health and well-being of a pet. This article contains the most important tips on how to feed your Labrador Retriever. From it you will learn: how to feed a Labrador, what types of food exist, how to give food correctly, what can and cannot be fed to a dog.
How to feed an adult Labrador correctly
Large breeds have excellent appetite, but slow metabolism.
Therefore, ready-made dry food for these dogs should be nutritious, but low in calories with increased m vitamins and minerals.
An adult dog needs to be fed twice a day. in the morning (from 7 to 8 o’clock) and in the evening (at 19.20 o’clock). A later meal in the evening is undesirable.
The daily rate is calculated in accordance with the weight of the animal, its condition and age. Feeding recommendations are indicated on the food packaging. do not increase or decrease them. On average, an adult Labrador needs 300 to 400 grams of dry food per day.
During pregnancy and lactation. the feeding rate is increased, for aging animals the rate should be reduced.
When we say homemade food, we never mean food from the human table. At home, you can not give scraps to dogs of any breed, especially such large and active ones. If you decide to feed your Labrador with natural food, you will have to make a menu and cook dog food.
The daily volume is calculated depending on the age, place of residence, condition and activity of the dog. For dogs up to 6 months. 6-8% of body weight; over 6 months. 3-4% of the weight of the animal. Elderly dogs have enough. 2-2.5% of body weight. The average serving of a healthy adult dog is 900 to 1400 grams.
The diet is based on fresh meat and meat (fish) products 60%, dairy products and herbal supplements 40%. Fatty meats will not work. dogs gain weight very quickly, obesity can develop. It is preferable to stay on the following varieties: rabbit, horse meat, chicken (breast), turkey, veal.
Meat can be taken with veins and cartilage. it is healthier for animals. Tenderloin. keep it yourself. There is no need to cook. it is enough to freeze it thoroughly in the “deep freeze” mode and pour over with boiling water before serving directly.
What other foods should be when feeding “natural”:
- steamed offal;
- cheese and rye croutons. as a treat and reward;
- bifidok, fermented baked milk and yogurt;
- low-fat cottage cheese;
- vegetables. raw, finely chopped;
- raw quail eggs with shells;
- chicken eggs (omelet) 1-2 times a week;
- raw scar;
- raw beef bone;
- boiled sea fish of low-fat varieties. cleared of bones;
- complexes of vitamins and minerals.
Important! Labradors are prone to obesity, so it is best to avoid cereals, loaves, and sugary sugary fruits.
Hill’s Nature’s Best Canine Adult Large Breed / Giant dry
Food for dogs of large and giant breeds (from 25 kg) is ideal for Labradors. The formula is based on chicken and turkey meat. The protein level (22.7%) is sufficient for the normal development of the dog, helping to maintain an optimal weight. Fat. 14.5%. The formula contains natural antioxidants. Artificial colors and flavors are absent. Chondroprotectors have been added for joint health. Taurine supports the heart muscle. L-carnitine regulates metabolism. The food is enriched with vitamins and minerals.
Plus. soy and wheat free, prevents obesity.
Negative. not suitable for lactating bitches due to low protein levels.
The best ready-to-eat food for a Labrador Retriever
Labrador is a large and active dog, therefore, for its normal growth and development, high-quality and balanced nutrition with a high level of proteins is necessary.
Cheap food from the nearest supermarket is a slow poison for the dog. There are so many dyes and flavor enhancers in them, and so few useful substances that we will not even consider them as food for this breed. We invite you to find out: what dry food is the best to feed this large dog.
As the main diet for dogs of large breeds, which include retrievers, dry food of at least “super-premium” class with a protein content of 22% and above is suitable. The advantage of these food classes is that producers enrich dog rations with vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids (Omega-6, Omega-3), amino acids.
- Acana Grass-Fed Lamb (Canada);
- Eukanuba Breed Specific Dry Dog Food For Labrador Retriever (Netherlands);
- Advance Labrador Adult (Spain);
- Hill’s Nature’s Best Canine Adult Large Breed / Giant dry (Netherlands);
- Royal Canin Labrador Retriever Adult (France).
All brands, except for the first one, belong to the “super-premium” class. Acana Food. Biologically Appropriate (Holistic).
Acana Grass-Fed Lamb
The high quality feed is made from raw lamb meat (50%), vegetables and fruits. All components are delivered to production in fresh form and are suitable for human consumption. The formula is excellent for large breed dogs with an active lifestyle. There are no allergenic ingredients in the composition. In addition to easily digestible lamb meat, it includes: tripe, kidneys and cartilage, butternut squash, seaweed, apples. The formula has a balanced ratio of protein (31%) and fat (15%). The food is enriched with a vitamin and mineral complex and medicinal herbs.
How much and How Often you should Feed your Labrador Puppy? (Labrador Feeding Guide)
Plus. large granules (1 cm) clean teeth and gums well.
Negative. the standard tutu does not have a zip fastener.
- 0.34 kg. 320 rubles. (135 UAH);
- 2 kg. 1448 rubles (575 UAH);
- 6 kg. 3566 rubles (1512 UAH);
- 11.40 kg. 6300 rubles (3000 UAH);
- 17 kg. 8673 rubles (3390 UAH).
What food to feed labradors with health problems
The breed has a genetic predisposition to a number of diseases. it cannot be called absolutely healthy. Labradors are voracious dogs. because of this, obesity often occurs; they are prone to allergic reactions to a variety of irritants; common pathologies of joints, vascular diseases, epilepsy and hyperkeratosis.
Let’s take a look at which food is suitable for dogs with health problems:
- Allergy. For allergy sufferers, therapeutic and prophylactic brands have been developed:
- Bosch Sensitiv. for pets with allergies and sensitive digestive system;
- Purina Pro Plan Large Athletic Adult canine Sensitive Skin Salmon with Rice dry. for allergies and dermatitis;
- Belcando Junior Lamb Rice. hypoallergenic for puppies.
- Obesity. Foods with the “weight control” formula for the treatment and prevention of obesity:
- Advance Maxi Light Adul. dietary;
- Hill’s Prescription Diet Canine Metabolicmobility with Chicken dry. to improve metabolism;
- Ontario Weight Control Large Turkey Potatoes. weight control;
- Opti Life (12.5 kg) Degistion Adult Maxi Medium. dietary;
- Royal Canin Maxi Light Weight Care. with a tendency to gain excess weight.
- Diseases of the joints. With this pathology, products containing chondroprotectors are shown: glucosamine, chondroitin. Treatment and prophylactic brands:
- Royal Canin Maxi Joint Care. for the prevention of joint diseases;
- Hill’s Prescription Diet J / D Canine Mobility dry. treatment formula with glucosamine.
- Digestive problems. Labradors’ indiscriminate eating habits and the habit of picking up and eating anything that doesn’t lie well lead to digestive upset. Feed for problems with the gastrointestinal tract:
- Bosch Soft Maxi. with wild boar and sweet potatoes (semi-moist formula);
- Barking Heads Tender loving Care. dietary;
- Happy Dog Diet. for gastrointestinal problems.
How to properly feed labrador puppies 3-5 months
When a person starts a dog, he must understand that this is a rather responsible step. It is imperative that you deal with the dog, and not let everything go by itself: provide it with proper nutrition, daily routine, educate it, walk it, become a friend to it, especially if the dog is purebred. This article will focus on a Labrador dog, namely its diet with all the nuances and details.
How and what to properly feed a Labrador so that he is a healthy, handsome dog with a mood for friendly relations? Of course, nutrition is a key factor reflecting the health of a pet, so it requires special attention.
Labradors are distinguished by their omnivorous nature among other breeds of dogs, but this does not at all untie the hands of their owners, since experts strongly do not recommend feeding “from the table”. This can cause significant damage to their health and, accordingly, life expectancy.
The nutrition of adult dogs and puppies of this breed should be thought out in advance, taking into account the proper amount of vitamins and other microelements in their diet. It is important to understand that an adult and a puppy need different diets, since an organism that is growing requires exclusive feeding with a special composition of fats, proteins, carbohydrates.
First of all, the owner must decide what type of food will be chosen for his pet:
- dry food with a balanced complete composition;
- organic products.
Experts draw the readers’ attention to the fact that it is impossible to feed two types of food at the same time. you only need to choose one.
Otherwise, you can thoroughly harm the digestive tract of the animal.
Feeding an adult labrador
The Labrador needs to provide meat per day (15 grams per 1 kg of dog weight), carbohydrates (5 grams per 1 kg of weight), fats (2 grams per 2 kg of weight).
If you observe the given ratio in the diet, then it is quite easy to draw up an appropriate diet, and then constantly adhere to it. Many veterinarians advise adding special additives to food of natural origin that help to fill the dog’s nutrition with vitamins and minerals necessary for full development and life.
What can you feed a Labrador with and you can’t give it
With age, the dog changes its needs for certain nutritional components due to the conditions in which the dog is, the degree of its physical activity, and its age. If you adhere to the established recommendations of the breeders regarding the correct feeding of the Labrador, it will not be difficult to draw up the most optimal food scheme for him.
Before compiling a dog’s diet, it is necessary to determine the number of meals per day (usually two meals are set for the dog). It is important that the daily diet of the dog includes the required amount of BJU, minerals, vitamins without fail.
So, the following should be present in feeding a Labrador:
- Beef as the healthiest product. Why? It is rich in protein in the required amount, iron, and other vital minerals. However, if you touch on the topic of feeding Labrador puppies in relation to beef per day, then the number of feedings can increase up to six times, however, the portions become smaller.
- Stomachs, as they are rich enough in amino acids and other nutrients.
- Fish, which is known for its usefulness, large amounts of iodine, phosphorus, protein. It will help diversify your dog’s diet. However, only certain types of fish are allowed, namely marine low-fat.
- Porridges are important in a dog’s nutrition, but there shouldn’t be a lot of them. They can be served as an addition to meat, fish. They cannot serve as a main course. Veterinarians forbid giving oatmeal and barley to dogs due to the possible occurrence of allergies and their difficult absorption by the body.
- Dairy products (cottage cheese, eggs, yogurt, kefir). Thanks to them, digestion is improved.
- Vegetables, fruits (pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, cabbage) in chopped form, fresh herbs (dill, parsley).
- Salt needs to be added to cooked food very little.
- Water is constantly in the reach of the dog. Its amount does not depend at all on what kind of food the dog eats. it should always be. Which one? Water should be given cool and clean.
Foods to avoid in the diet of a Labrador retriever:
- Pork, due to its fat content, negatively affects the functioning of the liver.
- Spicy, peppery, salty, spicy food.
- Bones. because of them, the dog suffers from constipation, gets into the zone of risk of harm to the esophagus.
- Products made from wheat flour.
- All types of sweets. they disrupt the digestion process and cause an allergic reaction.
- Food products beyond the expiration date.
If you exclude in advance those foods that definitely cannot be consumed by the dog, then, based on the remaining options, you can choose the most optimal diet for it, containing all the necessary nutrients. Recall that food for a dog must be filled with vitamins and at the same time be easily absorbed by the body.
Feeding your labrador puppy
It is not easy on your own, without the help of specialists, to draw up an accurate feeding schedule and decide on a list of permitted foods for feeding a small Labrador puppy. The basic dietary patterns that are developed for each dog breed can help here. They are amenable to small changes, depending on the behavior of the young dog.
A person who has a young Labrador puppy should not remember that for the first two months he should be fed as the breeder did. After some time, the dog can be gradually rebuilt to your menu, selected taking into account all the features (conditions of keeping the dog, weight, age, degree of physical activity).
If you choose the right food, based on the age of the pet, its living conditions, the degree of physical activity, then you can definitely provide it with balanced feeding.