Caring for a shepherd dog after childbirth
An important and responsible time for a given birth dog of any breed is the postpartum period, which lasts at least one month.
It is worth noting that all responsibility for the health of the pet again falls on its owner, the basic rules during this period:
- protect the dog, already exhausted by childbirth, from stressful situations, creating a calm, favorable environment in the house;
- do not leave the dog unattended in the first hours after giving birth alone with puppies (for example, German shepherds, puppies for the first time, can either crush the babies, or damage their neck during careless licking; in addition, the dog’s refusal of puppies or constant attempts to kill them is a clear sign of a serious illness in puppies);
- do not allow mommy to come into contact with foreign animals in order to avoid infection with any infections (for at least 3 weeks, the dog’s immunity will be weakened and it will not always cope with the attacks of external pathogens of various diseases);
- if you notice the problems listed below, immediately call your veterinarian.
How to feed a lactating dog for more milk
Feeding a dog that has given birth to puppies is not just an important, but also a responsible process, since the owner of the animal, on the one hand, should make sure that the mother has a lot of high-calorie and rich milk with everything necessary for the formation of strong immunity in babies, and on the other. that the bitch herself is not exhausted, she feels vigorous and healthy.
The first week of feeding the dog after giving birth
Dogs accustomed to natural food, the diet is slightly changed. In the first week, the portion is increased by 1.5 times, food is given a little 3-4 times a day. 45% of the diet should be fish, offal, meat should be given in small doses, 30%. cereals, 10%. dairy products, 15%. vegetables. Food for the first 2-3 weeks is mostly liquid or mushy.
Milk porridge is prepared with wheat, oatmeal, buckwheat, kefir, milk, cheese, cottage cheese, and sometimes pasta are given to the dog. It is undesirable to give meat up to 10 days after childbirth, then boil and chop. Fish. sea fish, boneless (cod, pollock, saury and other varieties), you can cook porridge in fish broth, add boiled vegetables to them. Do not give raw juice or vegetables. this can cause stomach upset in puppies. If labor is difficult, the dog is also given glucose.
The dog’s first meal after giving birth
Many people are interested in when to feed a dog after giving birth. If the dog has eaten the afterbirth, it should be fed no earlier than 5-6 hours after the end of labor. Offer only water to drink.
For some owners, eating the placenta seems disgusting or unhygienic. They do not allow the newly-made mother to feast on a shapeless clot and are fundamentally wrong. Forget about prejudices, everything is thought out by nature. First of all, the placenta is an easily digestible protein, saturated with trace elements and vitamins that a dog needs to produce full-fledged colostrum. In addition, the placenta contains hormones that stimulate milk production. The only negative point, in the case of a multiple pregnancy of a dog, eating all the afterbirths can provoke a disorder; for prevention, you can give activated charcoal by weight (1-2 tablets / 10 kg).
2 and 3 weeks of lactation
The first week passed unnoticed, how to feed the puppy dog next? Starting from the second week, the diet is made more varied. Introduce vegetables (cauliflower, pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets), try to give fruit. If a dog feeds 3-4 puppies, the amount of food is doubled. When feeding 8 or more babies, they give at least three times more food than usual. There should be 4-5 feedings per day.
Feeding a lactating dog
The birth of puppies in a dog is a wonderful event, during the feeding period the owner’s task is to provide the nursing dog with adequate care and a varied and healthy diet. After giving birth, the bitch’s weight returns to normal (deviation from the previous dimensions, as a rule, is insignificant. up to 10%).
After giving birth, the animal’s appetite may decrease, so on the first day it is recommended to give cool milk with glucose, more water, food in small portions (fermented milk products, cereals in low-fat broth). Already on the 3-4th day, the dog’s appetite increases significantly, you can transfer it to a corrected, but usual diet.
If the dog is accustomed to eating dry or semi-dry food, after giving birth, the portion volume is increased by an average of one third. Many manufacturers have series for pregnant and lactating dogs: it is better to choose such food, it is more balanced.
Diet for feeding a dog after childbirth
During lactation, the body spends a lot of energy on milk production, in addition, now it needs to share all the nutrients with the offspring, which means that the diet needs a special one. Proper feeding of the dog after childbirth is the key to the health of the mother and offspring.
The quality of milk directly depends on how complete the feeding of the whelping dog will be. Normally, it contains about 7% protein, 4% lactose and 8% fat, vitamins and minerals that come from food. The lack of any elements in the diet affects the qualitative composition, which in turn negatively affects the development of puppies and the condition of the mother.
How to feed your dog after giving birth? Healthy eating rules
The remaining 15% of the diet is vegetables, which are source of vitamins and minerals for the bitch and puppies.
Despite the fact that the dog’s diet contains vegetables, it still needs vitamin and mineral supplements. It is advisable to use those vitamins that are intended for lactating bitches. The same supplements are necessary for those bitches who do not eat natural food, but feed. Vitamin supplements are no longer required when the bitch is fed premium feed.
As for food for the dog, after giving birth, it is necessary to give it one that is intended for bitches during lactation. If the food manufacturer you are using does not make such a product, then feed your dog puppy food.
How many times to feed a lactating dog per day so that it is full and has enough milk? Lactating bitches eat often and a lot. You need to feed the dog every 4-5 hours and do it one hour before feeding the puppies.
Don’t worry about lactating your dog if there is no milk in the nipples. Milk starts to be produced while the puppies are sucking on the bitch, so it does not accumulate in the glands. If you see that the puppies are well-fed, happy and gain weight well, do not worry about the lack of milk.
At the same time, there are low-milk females, such dogs have puppies constantly hungry. In this case, it is necessary to introduce into the dog’s diet foods that stimulate lactation, and these are raw carrots, meat broth, fish, oatmeal porridge, meat.
There are various drugs to stimulate lactation, but they should only be used under the supervision of a veterinarian. If the bitch has too much milk, it will stagnate in the nipples, and this, in turn, will lead to the development of mastitis.
During childbirth, a dog spends a lot of energy, its body is no longer so successful in resisting various infections: it is during this period that any harmless disease can have very serious consequences for the health of the dog and, as a result, its offspring. There is no doubt that in the postpartum period, a woman in labor requires rest and peace and a complete absence of stress, proper nutrition, a warm nest, adherence to general rules of hygiene and daily change of bedding, walks, as well as your care and vigilant, but unobtrusive control (do not leave the dog alone with the puppies at least the first time).
In the next 2 weeks, refuse to visit guests and show them a whelping dog and its children. this is a serious stress for the Pomeranian and a reason to protect the offspring, which can spill out sideways for the puppies themselves, since mommy can accidentally injure them.
For some time (about several hours) after the end of labor, a young mother dog usually does not want to leave her babies, therefore, if the dog does not ask to go outside, do not disturb it and give it a little rest.
During childbirth, there is a violation of the water balance in the Spitz’s body, which needs to be restored. so, Firstly, you need to offer your pet a drink. Place a drinker next to her nest (playpen). It is best if you give her warm tea with honey (it is not recommended to use sugar, as it causes fermentation), but you can also give plain pure water. It is undesirable to offer the dog milk: it weakens and stimulates additional milk production, which is not needed, because while the puppies are very small, the amount that the mother has is enough for them. It will be optimal to give the drink in small portions, but often.
For the first 6 hours after giving birth, it is advisable not to feed the Spitz, but if your pet still asks to eat, give preference to fermented milk products or other easily digestible food.
Secondly, if mommy-spitz still wants to relieve the intestines or bladder, you need to take her for a walk. You should not allow the dog to go down / up the stairs on its own, and the walk itself should be limited only to solving the main problem.
Thirdly, Regardless of whether you were out for a walk or not, after giving birth, the dog must be washed: with warm water from the shower using the most common laundry soap, thoroughly wash the spitz’s hind legs and tail, as well as the stomach, paying attention to the nipples. Then wipe the dog dry with a soft towel to avoid colds.
What to Feed a Lactating Dog
On the following days, it is necessary to wash the newly-made mommy after each walk, and disinfect the mammary glands and paws by treating them with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, furacilin, 0.5% lysol solution or 2% boric acid solution.
Important! Bitches with inelastic soft tissues of the vagina need an additional procedure: after you have washed the dog, you need to inject a synthomycin emulsion into the vagina. To do this, slightly warm 5ml of the emulsion until it becomes liquid, then draw it into a small syringe and gently insert it into the dog’s vagina. Repeat this procedure every five days.
Fourthly, it is imperative to replace the litter soaked in blood and amniotic fluid with a clean and dry litter. The litter should be solid white. this is extremely important: this will make it easier for you to keep track of the color of the discharge.
During the first week, the litter should be changed 1-2 times a day, then. more often, according to the situation: at this time, the puppies begin to urinate more abundantly, and in no case should the mother and the offspring lie on wet (danger of colds and pneumonia ).
Caring for a lactating (lactating) shepherd dog
Caring for a lactating (lactating) shepherd dog In the first week after giving birth, the shepherd should be taken outside on demand. You should thoroughly wash the dog’s paws after walking and wipe the nipples with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The nipples of a nursing bitch generally need constant care: they need to be carefully examined every day in order to detect cracks or symptoms of mastitis in time.
Discharge in dogs after childbirth
In the first time after giving birth (about two weeks), the bitch will have mucous discharge from the vagina. this is a normal and necessary phenomenon: in this way, the uterus expels the remnants of amniotic fluid and blood, clearing itself independently. Discharge is a kind of litmus test: it speaks about the health of the dog, so it is very important to monitor the nature of the discharge.
The first few days, normal discharge should be considered brown-red with green, then these discharge are replaced by tar or light brown, which, in turn, become more and more transparent, then colorless, and eventually stop altogether. The amount of excreted substance is individual for each dog.
For a month or a slightly longer period of time, an irregular appearance of light spotting is possible.
The following deviations from the norm can be considered the reason for an immediate appeal to the veterinarian:
- discharge, exuding a sharp putrid or sour odor, having a dark green or almost black color, becoming abundant, coupled with an elevated temperature (more than 39.5-40 ° C), indicate a non-escaping afterbirth or the presence of a dead puppy in the uterus, which caused inflammation;
- profuse scarlet-bloody discharge speaks of uterine bleeding (complications after childbirth. bleeding);
- complete absence of discharge or discharge that lasts more than 3 weeks.
How to feed a dog after giving birth for normal lactation
Dressings with synthomycin emulsion should be used if cracked nipples are found. Within 2-3 days after giving birth, the bitch may have no appetite, but she must be fed after 6-8 hours.
These days, the shepherd must have constant access to water. Feeding the dog on the following days of the first week should be done 4 times a day. The diet should include vitamin and mineral supplements. You need to feed the bitch mainly with liquid food: milk, cottage cheese, liquid cereals, with good tolerance, you can give fermented milk products. Meat soup with cereals and boiled meat should be included in the diet in small portions and gradually. Drinking plenty of fluids increases lactation in a lactating bitch. In the second week, the bitch can begin to feed the raw meat in small pieces. The daily requirement of a lactating bitch weighing 40 kg in nutrients is as follows: 270 g of proteins; 60 g fat; 470 g of easily digestible carbohydrates; 35 grams of fiber. In the third week, the feeding of the shepherd should become more varied and abundant so that both she and the puppies can get enough nutrients. Due to the fact that bitches differ in the quantity and quality of milk produced, their nutritional requirements may deviate from the average and should be calculated individually.
Recipe To Help Your Dog Produce Milk
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German Shepherd Kennel Daimanten Schloss. German shepherd puppies. Articles and advice on the breed.
Forum “My Dog SAO” Club “My Dog SAO” Dog breeding food after childbirth
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SOS. Dear SAOvody, help with advice! 12.12.16 my Gerdochka became a mother for the first time, 11 puppies. I have a question about feeding. if I understand correctly now this is the basis of the basics. so now we feed it like this, rice-millet porridge (buckwheat) with the addition of oatmeal (eats about 2-2.5 liters per day), cottage cheese 150-250 grams, since yesterday I began to add boiled meat (chicken breast, stomachs) into porridge. just empty (with butter), she stopped eating. I cooked jelly from chicken heads and necks, I chose hard bones. I will add to the porridge. 2-3 times a week, a raw egg. We feed not in large portions. 4-5 times a day. From the supplements, the dog-mamacaltium, the excel-pharmaceutical analogue of lactogon (I do not remember the name), divided the supplements in half and give in the morning and in the evening. Kifir, yogurt, etc. in any, tea with milk only on the first day I drank now, I don’t drink water. I manage to make you drink only milk (goat) today we will try to give stewed vegetables (cabbage, zucchini). So I kind of explained the situation (if I missed something, I’ll get better) actually questions. what to fix (add, subtract) in the diet? when can you introduce raw meat, in particular a tripe? which fish is better to introduce? and why refuses to drink? she could have come up to a bowl of water once a day, but now that feeds, the body needs water. P.S. I’m a beginner on the forum, I have not yet found a specific answer, if there is a similar request to the adnins, do not be angry about the clone of the topic, but transfer it to it, show compassion to the beginner: friends:
Good afternoon, Sergei, unfortunately I cannot tell you, we will wait for experienced breeders. Your topic is very helpful, I’m here with a request) It would be very useful if experienced breeders shared how they feed their dogs during pregnancy and lactation. When feeding natural and if someone feeds with drying. I looked through the topics already available on the forum and there is nothing detailed and understandable. I understand that everyone does not have enough time, but maybe Lena (ZarKalem) or LADA (ProstoSAO) or Tanya (Rainbow) or someone else with great experience will share their advice. : tender:
From my own experience, I can only share “ancient” advice. We gave tea with condensed milk so as not to provoke stomach upset in bitches. Not all dogs tolerate milk well. Raw meat was injected only on the 10th day after delivery. They gave porridge, cottage cheese, kefir, scalded meat, boiled fish, steamed vegetables (mostly carrots) You should not get carried away with protein food, so as not to provoke eclampsia. This is when they were fed straight. And when they already switched to dry food, I bought food for lactating bitches “(if memory serves, Royal Canin)
I would have delayed the scar, but the specialists in the CAO may disagree with me 🙂
There is essentially no difference between raw and scalded tripe. I don’t understand the meaning of this procedure at all And such a question is why the first 10 days are not recommended to give raw meat? How is it related to the manifestation of eclampsia?
Nastya, as far as I know, an excess of protein food is often the cause of eclampsia. In the risk zone, especially dogs that have eaten the afterbirth.
Nastya, as far as I know, an excess of protein food is often the cause of eclampsia. Particularly at risk are dogs that have eaten afterbirth.
I was just never particularly interested in this topic, now I read something. But cottage cheese, milk, eggs are the same protein, so I don’t understand why they sin on meat. But the afterbirths seem to stimulate childbirth and lactation on the contrary, and in nature, animals eat them. Although I know that our CAO is already far from natural conditions.
But the afterbirths seem to stimulate childbirth and lactation on the contrary, and in nature, animals eat them. Although I know that our CAO is already far from natural conditions. Yes, but under natural conditions, the animals do not leave their puppies and do not hunt for the first days after giving birth. I usually reduced the amount of meat before childbirth and after childbirth the same. And dairy products. in particular, cottage cheese contains calcium, impairments in the absorption of calcium and leads to eclampsia. The fish was given cooked, because it contains phosphorus, which is involved in calcium metabolism. With a large amount of protein foods, the balance of calcium in the blood is disturbed. Oh, that something was confusing, I did it 🙂 I understand myself, but it’s difficult to explain in an accessible way;)
today the ears and tails were cropped, the owner of the nursery cut it. about the scar she said while feeding in any form is impossible
Yes, but in natural conditions, the animals do not leave their puppies for the first days after giving birth and do not hunt. I usually reduced the amount of meat before childbirth and after childbirth the same. And dairy products. in particular, cottage cheese contains calcium, impairments in the absorption of calcium and leads to eclampsia. The fish was given cooked, because it contains phosphorus, which is involved in calcium metabolism. With a large amount of protein foods, the balance of calcium in the blood is disturbed. Oh, that something was confusing, I did it 🙂 I understand myself, but it’s difficult to explain in an accessible way;)
I found this “Directed studies were carried out, as a result of which it was established that the dog’s body, with conditionally consumed 100% of the daily intake of calcium,” spends “no more than 30% on the work of internal organs and systems, and 70% or even more is spent only on digestion and assimilation of animal protein food. in other words, meat. ” But I don’t know who the author is. Plus, I remembered that for the correct assimilation of calcium, there must be a certain ratio of it to phosphorus. Perhaps that is why, when feeding with meat, calcium absorption worsens, because there is much more phosphorus in it. Well this is me) it just became interesting, maybe someday I’ll decide to start a lady)
Today the ears and tails were cropped, the owner of the nursery cut them. She said about the scar until she feeds in any form. But what did you say about the meat? All the same, the bitch needs protein for the normal development of puppies and for herself.
the bitch needs protein for the normal development of puppies. Protein is now boiled fish and cottage cheese, milk is a must. Sergey, try boiling porridge in water, using 2/3 of the liquid, after boiling off the water, add 1/3 of the milk and boil it. Wait another week with meat, tripe, offal. Cottage cheese, milk, you can increase, and give vegetables a little later, so as not to cause diarrhea in children. loaf, pasta. again with milk. Yes in the first week, increase the usual soldering by 1.5 times, the second by 2 times, the third by 2.5 times. And so everything seems to be fed correctly. I forgot))) while changing the water for sweet tea with milk.
Protein is now boiled fish and cottage cheese, milk is required.
I mean after 10 days. Because the breeder did not recommend giving a scar until the end of the feeding
I will not argue with anyone, everyone has their own opinion I’ll just tell you how I do it, especially as Nastya wrote correctly, not one litter of our kennel was born and grew up in front of the members of the forum))) The first 4 weeks after mating, the feeding of the bitches does not change, the same diet: porridge and vegetables in the morning, raw meat / tripe / fish in the evening. Well, of course additives: eggs, vegetable oil, etc. From the 5th week, a third feeding is added: fermented milk cheese, sometimes hololitsa. Gradually increasing in volume. So we feed until the very birth. I do not remove either meat or tripe from the diet. From supplements from 4-5 weeks I add calcium. During labor, I give the bitch to eat as much afterbirth as she wants. Mine always eat everything, even if there are 12))). This also has a good effect on the process of childbirth and lactation. It should be remembered that many bitches have milk only for 2-3 days. And before that comes only colostrum. It is not abundant, but it is very valuable and nutritious for puppies. So don’t make a bitch drink tea milk in liters.
How to feed a dog after giving birth?
This should be done gradually, not abruptly. If the diet remains unchanged, the Spitz will gain excess weight very quickly.
Spitz walks after childbirth
Walking in the postpartum period is necessary, as always, the more they have a beneficial effect on the process of milk production and help the dog to regain physical shape. But in the first week after puppyhood, they should be quite short: the dog should relieve itself. and immediately go home to the puppies, that is, about 15 minutes (walk no more than four times a day). Since at this time the mother dog is reluctant to move away from the puppies, she herself will adjust the time of your walk and, accordingly, after a while she will start to increase it herself: from the second week she will walk for about half an hour. Usually, the duration of the walk returns to your usual rhythm after three weeks.
Walking is the best and most convenient time to change diapers in the nest: this way you don’t disturb mommy by touching her puppies.
To protect the nipples from dirt, insect bites, and sagging mammary glands, wear a veterinary blanket or a light raincoat on the dog.
At the end of the walk, do not forget to treat the nipples and paws of the Spitz with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) or other drugs, after which you can allow mommy to return to her children.
Feeding a lactating dog
The course of gamavit 1 ml per day s / c for a week. Weaning From 4-5 weeks, puppies are gradually transferred to solid food. Weaning should be done gradually, reducing the number of feedings and removing the mother if possible. If there is an urgent need to stop feeding:
- remove the mother from the puppies, do not let them into the room where they are
- cut down on her food and drink
- you can make a compress on the nipples of camphor oil
- veterinary drug galastop 0.1 ml per kg drip into the mouth for 4-5 days.
Reviews of galastop are controversial, 50/50. For some, it helps a lot, but for some animals it is categorically unsuitable. Consult a competent veterinarian.
- Put on a lightweight jumpsuit on the dog’s body (it’s easy to make it yourself, make holes for the legs in old tights).
- Watch for mastitis.