Prepare feeding accessories
To prevent the puppy from spitting out the nipple, it must be moistened with milk and one or two drops added to the tongue.
How to feed a newborn puppy?
It happens that after the birth of puppies, the dog refuses to feed them, sometimes it does not have milk, and it happens that the mother dies altogether. What to do with puppies to prevent their death? It is quite difficult and very tiring to feed even one, but if you do everything right, he will grow into a full-fledged and healthy dog.
Find a foster mother
If the puppies cannot be fed by their own mother, you can try to find them a foster, who also recently gave birth. So that she does not reject them and recognize them as her own, you can resort to cunning. For example, try rubbing the puppies with that dog’s bedding to give them a familiar scent. Or lightly anoint them with her breast milk. If none of these tricks work, you need to pick up other people’s puppies and a couple of relatives. When they start whining, return them to the dog together. But, if even after that she does not allow other people’s puppies to come to her, a person will have to feed them.
Observe the regime
For the first 7-10 days, the puppy should eat every 3-4 hours, day and night. Obviously, such a feeding schedule is very tiring, but you cannot break it, especially if the pet is sickly and weak, otherwise it will grow and develop poorly.
The puppy (or puppies) need to be organized in a comfortable and warm place in a draft-free room, where he will be for the first weeks of his life. For a couch, for example, you can use a box or wicker basket. Diapers are placed there, which must be changed regularly, since the mother usually maintains cleanliness by licking her offspring, and without her the baby will stain the litter. A heating pad or a bottle of hot water, wrapped in a towel, should be placed in the bed so that the puppy does not burn itself. And change the water as soon as it cools. This way it will be possible to simulate the warmth of the mother.
Choosing the Right Feeding Position
Correct feeding position is very important so that the puppy does not choke or swell. It is best to put the pet with its stomach down on your knees and raise its muzzle a little. in natural conditions, it eats this way.
If bubbles of the mixture come out of the nose, then the hole in the nipple is too large. it needs to be replaced. In addition, you need to monitor how quickly the puppy eats: if he starts to suck greedily, you should take short pauses to give him the opportunity to catch his breath a little. After eating, the puppy needs to be held vertically a little so that the air that got inside with the food comes out. And after that, you need to massage the abdomen, genitourinary and anus, since in the first weeks of life, puppies are not able to go to the toilet on their own.
With artificial feeding, it is necessary to measure the puppy’s body temperature before each feeding. It must be at least 35.5, otherwise the food will not be digested, as a result of which dynamic obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract may develop.
Canned dog food for Chihuahua: pros and cons
Regardless of the type of food (dry mixes or natural food), Chihuahua owners often offer their pets canned food. First of all, this is due to frequent moving or travel, since canned food is an excellent food on the road, which is easily transported (in a can, box or plastic package) and does not take up much space.
But the main advantage of such food is its balance, so the owners also need not worry about the proper nutrition of the animal. The instructions in the instructions allow you to quickly calculate the portion and offer the dog canned food as a treat or an addition to the traditional menu.
Chihuahua shouldn’t be fed with canned food all the time.
But as a regular diet, canned foods are undesirable (unless there are veterinarian prescriptions), since their composition is defective, and health problems of the pet may arise. Plus, a piece of raw meat is much healthier and cheaper than premium and super premium canned food.
Ready food. everything you need at hand
Ready-made food (dry and wet (canned)) will allow Chihuahua owners not to waste time preparing food and calculating daily allowances. To feed an animal, it is enough to read the information on the package, determine the size of the portion by the weight of your pet and immediately invite him “to the table”. In addition, the ready-made mixtures contain vitamins and minerals, so the owners do not have to worry about additives.
There is a wide variety of dog food on the market today. But in order to provide your pet with optimal nutrition, it is better to opt for well-known brands and purchase premium products.
How To Tube Feed A Puppy
Important! You cannot mix feed from different manufacturers, since each company has its own set of products and vitamin and mineral formula. Violation of this rule will lead to an imbalance in nutrition and, as a result, problems with the health and well-being of the animal.
Also, you can not abruptly change one feed for another. Product changes should be gradual and in small portions so as not to cause a malfunction in the dog’s gastrointestinal tract.
No alcohol law
Dry food is a good alternative food option for Chihuahuas. In addition to a balanced combination of useful and nutrients, such food can effectively fight tartar and prevent the appearance of plaque and gum inflammation. The main thing is to choose food with granules of the appropriate size and taste for the most discerning four-legged “clients”.
In addition, dry food contains substances that activate the immune system and form the protective functions of the dog’s body:
- antioxidants (lutein, taurine, tocopherol and ascorbic acid);
- fructo-oligosaccharides and so on.
Important! Dry mixtures practically do not contain moisture, so the pet will need 2-3 times more water than after eating natural food.
A wide range of dry food allows you to meet the needs of each individual dog. The main thing is not to forget that during the selection process you cannot abruptly change the products of one manufacturer to another.
Mastering a new type of dry food, the dog’s stomach begins to produce enzymes that help to assimilate it. To readjust to new feeds, you will need to develop other “accelerators”, and this will take some time.
Culinary taboos, or what you can’t feed a Chihuahua
You should also remember about contraindications. The list of foods prohibited for Chihuahua includes:
- fatty fish and meat (negatively affect the digestive system of the dog. For example, pork is difficult to digest and increases the load on the liver);
- pollock (disrupts the absorption of iron and promotes the development of urolithiasis);
- sausages (pose a threat to the animal’s body due to the many harmful additives);
- nuts (provoke the appearance of stones in the bladder);
- peas, beans and other types of legumes (cause intestinal cramps and flatulence);
- bell peppers (contributes to the development of gastritis);
- onions (leads to anemia);
- milk (causes abdominal pain and stool disturbance);
- sweets (contribute to tooth decay, cause digestive problems);
- mushrooms (accumulate toxins, can provoke poisoning);
- fresh and boiled cabbage (cause indigestion);
- margarine and butter (poorly absorbed);
- smoked and spicy foods (disrupt the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract).
In addition, food that is too hot and cold should not be given. And bones must first be removed from chicken and fish so that the dog does not choke.
Feeding Chihuahuas at Home. Important Information and Tips
Chihuahua pets are often called mini dogs because of their small size. Perhaps that is why many believe that it is enough to feed such a crumb only once a day. Meanwhile, a miniature dog needs a balanced diet and competent feeding, which should be carried out on schedule and adjusted as the animal grows up.
What we have delicious: healthy and necessary products
In the daily diet of an adult, proteins, carbohydrates and fats (preferably of plant origin) must be present.
Every day, the dog should receive lean meat, which can be replaced twice a week with boiled liver, kidneys or fish. To avoid contamination with salmonellosis, the chicken fillet should be boiled. The rest of the meat products can be fed raw.
Eggs in the animal’s diet should not appear more than 1 time per week. They can be offered boiled or in the form of an omelet.
Among cereals, preference is given to well-boiled porridge (rice, buckwheat or millet), along with which you can serve fermented milk products:
- homemade cheese;
- skim cheese;
- fermented baked milk;
Vegetables are recommended to be boiled or stewed. In its raw form, you can offer grated carrots, seasoned with sour cream or vegetable oil. And fruits should only be fresh. It is also better to grate them or finely chop them just before serving.
The most valuable and nutrient-rich chihuahuas are bananas and apples. Bananas will provide the animal’s body with the necessary supply of potassium, and apples, thanks to pectin, will help remove toxins from the body.
Nutrition for the chihuahua-to-be mom
During pregnancy, Chihuahuas require a special approach and increased attention of the owners.
During the first month, nutrition does not need to be adjusted. But if the animal is used to concentrates, it is recommended to introduce meat and raw egg yolk. You also need to add fish oil and vitamins A, B1, D and E, which should be taken throughout pregnancy. And if a large litter is predicted, the expectant mother will need calcium supplements and more dairy products (if there are no digestive problems).
Fresh or frozen sea fish. preferably sprat or herring. will be a valuable source of protein. Sprat can be given raw by removing the bones and head, passing through a meat grinder and mixing with cereals or vegetables. Other types of fish must be cooked in a pressure cooker until the bones are completely softened.
As your dog gains weight, it should be divided into several portions of the daily diet. It is imperative to give apples and carrots or offer to gnaw meat from a large bone in order to avoid the formation of tartar.
Optimal feeding conditions for Chihuahuas
You can provide good nutrition to a four-legged friend through natural products or ready-made feed. Supporters of natural food can themselves make up the diet of the dog in accordance with its tastes, not forgetting about vitamins and mineral supplements.
Food should be divided into equal portions and served warm (room temperature), and the water in the drinker should be changed periodically so that it is always clean and fresh.
Due to the peculiarities of the Chihuahua breed, they can be picky about food. But do not indulge in whims and offer a more delicious treat. The rest of the serving should be removed before the next meal. In the interval between feedings, the dog will get hungry and eat the food offered by the owner. There can be exceptions only if the animal is sick.
The optimal feeding regimen is two meals a day, with an interval of 10-12 hours (although some veterinarians recommend three meals a day). To avoid overeating, it is better to have dinner no later than 19.00.
The Chihuahua’s feeding area is often reserved in the kitchen, but it should be set up separately from the hosts’ table. It is better to put a bowl of food not on the floor, but on a special stand at the level of the pet’s chest. This will relieve the animal’s spine and facilitate the work of the musculoskeletal system.
Natural food or artificial feed?
Despite their diminutive size, Chihuahuas are active dogs, spending a lot of energy during the day. Therefore, their diet should be nutritious and contain proteins, fats, vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals in the required amount.
At home, a dog’s nutrition can consist of both natural products and ready-made industrial feed.
The main thing is not to mix both types of feeding, to monitor the balance of food and not to allow a sharp change in diet.
Food should replenish the pet’s energy costs through quality, not quantity.
The main advantages of natural nutrition are variety and the absence of artificial additives.
At the same time, ready-made feeds are distinguished by ease of use and a balanced composition that includes all the components necessary for a dog.
Nutrition for an adult dog
A one-year-old representative of this breed should eat twice a day. in the morning and in the evening, in the afternoon a small snack is allowed.
After 11 years of age, the pet should be fed once a day.
Serving size is calculated based on the weight of the dog. for each kg of weight there should be 50-80 grams. food, i.e. with a weight of 2 kg, a Chihuahua should eat 100-160 grams per day. At the same time, proteins should make up most of the daily diet.
|Times of Day||Menu|
|Morning||Boiled and cut into small pieces beef or sea fish and rice or buckwheat porridge (3: 1), grated raw vegetables, seasoned with 1 tsp. olive or vegetable oil|
|Day||A light snack in the form of fruit, kefir or low-fat cottage cheese is possible|
|Evening||Boiled meat and stewed vegetables|
List of what is categorically contraindicated
|Product||Consequences of use|
|Mushrooms||Stress the liver, can lead to poisoning|
|Milk||In adults, the product is not absorbed and causes diarrhea.|
|Onion||Leads to anemia|
|Nuts||The composition contains a lot of phosphorus, which is why stones form in the bladder, and the bones become brittle|
|Freshwater fish||Contains a lot of bones, is infested with parasites|
|Chocolate and other sweets||Their use puts a strain on the pancreas and is fraught with the appearance of excess weight, problems with stool, diseases of the oral cavity, the development of type 2 diabetes.|
|Bones, especially tubular||May cause injury to the digestive system|
|Bell pepper||Provokes gastritis|
|Fatty meats such as pork||It is often source of helminths, its use leads to obesity|
|Pickles, smoked meats||Increase the load on the kidneys and liver, increase blood pressure|
In addition, Chihuahuas cannot be fed with raisins, grapes, radishes, cabbage, canned food, and the use of tea, coffee, alcoholic beverages is prohibited.
Feeding a dog with prohibited foods leads to problems with the gastrointestinal tract, teeth and liver.
Pros and cons of natural food
In addition to a varied menu and the absence of harmful preservatives, flavors, flavor enhancers and dyes, a natural diet has a number of other advantages:
- the owner of the Chihuahua can independently choose the products, evaluating their quality and freshness;
- all micro- and macroelements of natural origin necessary for the correct development of the dog;
- natural products are easier to digest;
- in the event of an allergic reaction to a product, it can be replaced with another without changing the main diet.
In addition, a natural diet can significantly save money if you buy seasonal fruits and vegetables and alternate beef with chicken.
At the same time, such food also has disadvantages:
- you cannot cook for several days in advance. stale food loses its useful components and can lead to poisoning;
- it is necessary to additionally give the dog vitamins and minerals;
- compiling a balanced menu will take time and some knowledge;
- for people accustomed to traveling with a dog, natural feeding is a problem and inconvenience.
Feeding your dog with natural foods is convenient for less busy people who have the ability and desire to cook for the pet every day.
Chihuahuas are small decorative dogs that have won the love and affection of many dog breeders.
The popularity of the breed does not fade, while many acquire them, believing that no care is required for them.
The most important component of Chihuahua care is proper nutrition, the absence of which threatens the development of a host of pet health problems.
Advantages and disadvantages of industrial feed
A diet based on commercially available feed also has its pros and cons.
The advantages of such feeding include:
- ease of use;
- saving time on cooking;
- convenience of storage;
- indication on the package of the recommended daily intake of feed;
- the ability to take food with you on trips;
- balanced composition, including all the necessary elements;
- special coating of dry food granules, which helps to clean teeth from plaque and stones.
On the modern market, there are food lines that take into account the individual characteristics of the dog. age, health, etc.
- Potentially hazardous colorants, preservatives, flavor enhancers and flavoring agents in low-quality feeds;
- meat in cheap feed is represented by leftovers from the processing of animal corpses, which the Chihuahua body is not able to process.
salts and metals affects the general condition of the pet and has a negative effect on kidney function.
Industrial nutrition is represented not only by dry, but also by wet feed.
The latter are distinguished by a large m of liquid, which has a positive effect on the digestive tract of the dog, but makes the food less nutritious and significantly reduces its shelf life.
Depending on the composition, industrial feeds are of several classes:
- economy. the composition contains low quality ingredients, possibly soy, dyes, flavor enhancers, legumes;
- premium. meat and vegetables were used in the manufacture of such feed, but there is no guarantee of the presence of vitamins and minerals in the composition;
- super-premium. made from high quality products, the composition includes a vitamin and mineral complex.
Almost every manufacturer produces a separate line of hypoallergenic feed and holistic.
Feeding during pregnancy
To obtain healthy offspring, it is necessary to provide the bitch with proper care and proper feeding during pregnancy.
During the first month after mating, if the dog is on a natural diet, no changes should be made to it. If the pet eats industrial feed, you need to add raw meat and egg yolks to it.
Also give the Chihuahua fish oil, folic acid, nutritional yeast, and bone meal.
From the 5th week, the bitch should eat 3-4 times a day.
After 6 weeks, the Chihuahua’s body is overloaded and needs vitamins and nutrients:
- vitamin C. does not accumulate and is not produced by the body, a lack of it leads to anemia;
- calcium, potassium, phosphorus. the optimal ratio is found in whole milk;
- proteins. found in raw or boiled yolk, lean meat and fish;
- carbohydrates. millet and yach.
In order to avoid eclampsia, which is not uncommon for representatives of this breed, fish and meat should be stopped a week before giving birth.
It is preferable to give the pet coarse, sinewy meat. This activates the digestive tract and strengthens the dog’s jaw when chewing food. Preference should be given to beef, chicken, turkey. Meat is given raw, after freezing for 3 days.
Pork is not good for the Doberman’s digestive tract. It is very oily and can cause diarrhea in a dog.
By-products in the form of liver, stomachs, hearts, beef tripe are given in boiled form to adult animals and puppies over six months.
Dobermans benefit from low-fat varieties of sea fish, separated from the bones and entrails. Can be fed raw (pre-frozen) or boiled. Allowed pollock, hake, sprat, cod, haddock.
It is recommended to give one egg once a week (raw or boiled).
Doberman pinscher can be fed with boiled buckwheat, millet, rolled oats, rice. At home, porridge is cooked in water or meat broth. Pieces of raw meat or boiled offal, a little mashed vegetables are added to the cooked cereal.
dry doberman food
Doberman dry food is an ideal and affordable food from an economical point of view. Croquettes for active dogs of large breeds are suitable. Pets under one year old are given specialized puppy food.
Dobermans include in their diet croquettes such as Acana, Advance, Hill’s, Royal Canin, which are premium and super premium. Of the holistic, GO! Natyka, Grandof.
From the economy class, you can use Dog Chow Purina, Happy Dog, Nutra Gold. However, veterinarians do not recommend saving on the pet’s health, advising to feed the animal either a balanced natural food or high-quality drying.
Cheap food such as Chappie, Pedigree and Darling can cause serious health problems in Doberman Pinschers.
Diet made from natural products
The basis of the Doberman’s diet is raw meat. Also, the dog needs food rich in fiber. vegetables, cereals, fruits. Good for digestion and fermented milk products.
How much a Doberman should eat depends on the age received by the physical activity. The daily diet of an adult animal looks like this:
- 600-1000 g of meat products;
- 500-900 g of porridge;
- 100-200 g of vegetables;
- 300 g fermented milk products.
For puppy and lactating bitches, as well as Dobermans during the period of active physical activity and training, the daily portion of meat products is increased to 1.2-1.4 kg. The dog is allowed to give fish instead of meat twice a week.
Doberman pinscher over a year old needs two meals a day.
Dogs receiving natural supplements need additional multivitamin mineral complexes.
From cereals, barley, semolina and corn are contraindicated for Dobermans. Such cereals are very high in calories and, with constant consumption, cause obesity. In addition, these cereals often lead to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in Dobermans.
You cannot feed the animal with cutlets, sausages and semi-finished products. Harmful foods provoke the development of gastritis and ulcers in a dog.
Potatoes are contraindicated in Dobermans due to the content of a large amount of starch, which the dog’s body is not able to digest.
Any sweets are prohibited. Such products negatively affect the functioning of the pancreas and liver, often cause the development of diabetes mellitus.
Large quantities of pasta and a loaf cause fermentation in the digestive tract and can lead to volvulus. loafs are allowed to be given in small quantities, as a delicacy in the form of rusks.
Dobermans, like any other dog breed, are prohibited from feeding tubular bones, both raw and boiled. Such foods often provoke stomach perforation and death of the animal.
It is not recommended to feed the Doberman with citrus fruits. Fruits in this category can cause animal allergies.
How to feed a Doberman: an adult dog, a puppy
Dobermans are a breed prone to digestive problems. With improper nutrition and a prepared diet, there is a risk of volvulus or acute expansion of the stomach. Breeders recommend giving the animal specialized industrial feed. Veterinarians “vote” for natural feeding. However, it is difficult and expensive to select and correctly formulate a diet from natural products. The choice of how to feed the Doberman remains with the owner. In any case, the dog should not be on a mixed type of food.
- Diet made from natural products
- Protein food
- Vegetables and fruits
- Milk products
- Feeding Doberman puppies
- Prohibited foods
- 11 dry food for the Doberman
- GO! Natural Holistic Carnivore 4 types of meat
- Hill’s Science Plan
- Acana SportAgility
- Brit Premium by Nature Sport
- Grandorf 4 Meat Brown Rice Dog
- Advance Dog Maxi Adult
- Pro Plan Adult Large Breed Athletic Chicken
- Royal Canin Maxi Adult
- Natyka VIP
- Monge dog maxi adult
- Eukanuba Adult Large Breed
- What food to choose
When feeding a Doberman with natural food, the diet includes cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, varenets, yogurt, kefir.
Milk is not given to adult pets, as it is not digested and causes diarrhea in the dog.
Feeding Doberman puppies
Doberman puppies are fed 3 to 6 times a day, depending on age.
Up to 16 weeks, young animals receive food 5-6 times a day. At the age of 2-4 months, 5 servings of food should be served per day.
At 5-6 months. the animals are given food 4 times a day. From six months, the pet is transferred to three meals a day. From 10-12 months, the dog should eat 2 times a day.
How to take care of newborn puppies
The amount of a single serving also depends on the age of the Doberman:
- Up to 2 months. 180-200 g;
- 3-4 months. 250-300 g;
- 4-5 months. 300-350 g;
- 5-6 months. 350-400 g;
- 6-7 months. 450-500 g.
From 7 to 10 months, 1 serving for a puppy is 600 g, from 10 months to a year increases to 800 g.
A month-old puppy should receive from 100 to 250 g of meat, 400-500 ml of milk, 70-100 g of porridge, 100 g of cottage cheese, 1 chicken yolk and 100 g of vegetables per day.
Gradually, the amount of food in the diet is increased. At the same time, milk consumption is reduced by 100 ml every month. By 5-6 months, the puppy is transferred to dairy-free feeding. But fermented milk products should be present in the diet every day.
It is recommended to transfer the puppy to dry food not earlier than 2 months of age.
Feeding your puppy with natural food
If it was decided to transfer the kids to natural food, then at the same time, dog lovers should not add dry food to the menu. This leads to stomach problems. Natural food should not be too fatty, salty. It is also worth excluding smoked meats. The menu may include the following products:
- meat (beef, chicken);
- cottage cheese;
First feeding for puppies
Complementary feeding begins from the 20th day of life of the offspring. During this period, their teeth erupt, so it becomes painful for the mother to feed them. The type of complementary foods depends on the nutrition of the parents. If the mother eats dry food, then it is recommended to give it to the children. If the dog is kept on natural food, it is also worth cooking for the offspring. The transition should be gradual. First, complementary foods are carried out once a day, the rest of the time the puppies feed on breast milk. Then. 2-3 times a day. When the offspring completely refuses mother’s milk, they need to be fed 5-6 times a day with the chosen type of feed.
Using a Syringe to Feed a Newborn Puppy
Features of feeding a dog with baby food
Despite the fact that baby foods are practically free of harmful additives, they should not be the main food for puppies. With frequent use of these products, animals can develop gastrointestinal pathologies. Newly born babies need 1-2 tablespoons of natural mixture a day. When choosing food, it is necessary to carefully study the composition of the product. Food should not contain preservatives, a large amount of dyes, aromatic additives. You need to feed your puppies with fresh food.
Self-feeding a newborn puppy
How to feed a newborn puppy without a mother at home is one of the main questions for many dog breeders. If children refuse mother’s milk, they can be fed artificially, that is, food that is rich in macronutrients, fiber, and vegetable protein. How to feed newborn puppies without a mother will be described below.
Basic feeding rules
How to feed a puppy from birth without a mother is a frequent question for dog owners who are faced with the rejection of their offspring from mother’s milk. When choosing a diet for dogs, it is necessary to take into account some important conditions that veterinarians note:
- babies need to be fed every day at the same time;
- food for animals should be warm, but not hot;
- after eating, it is worth postponing active games so that the food is absorbed in the body;
- puppies need clean, plain water. Therefore, they must have access to it all the time.
- it is not recommended to mix dry food with natural. If initially the offspring ate natural food, and now the owner wants to introduce purchased feed into their diet, then it is worth discussing this issue with the veterinarian. A sharp transition to a new food can provoke the development of stomach diseases;
- use of salt should be minimized;
- artificial feeding of puppies is carried out with the help of special baby food, enriched with vitamins, minerals, microelements.
Feeding after weaning
Novice dog lovers are often interested in how to feed a newborn puppy after weaning. When babies are 3 weeks old, they can already be fed porridge diluted with water. After 2-3 days, you can add minced meat, vegetable soups to the diet. At this stage, it is necessary to teach the offspring to the bowl. After weaning, it is necessary to strengthen the body of the animals. You can use fish oil for this.
Four to six months
How to feed pets, menu for 1 day:
- breakfast. cottage cheese with milk, fruits;
- lunch. liver (kidneys), boiled rice, vegetables;
- afternoon tea. kefir, cottage cheese;
- dinner. boiled meat, fish with vegetables.
At this stage, you can reduce the number of meals to 4 per day. Is it possible to feed a puppy with cow’s milk. breeders often ask. It is not advisable to feed babies with fatty cow’s milk alone. It can harm the stomach.
What to feed the Pekingese?
The appearance in the house of a little Pekingese is not only a joy, but also additional worries. First of all, they are associated with the organization of his nutrition, which must correspond to age, individual characteristics, as well as the state of the animal.
Proper diet for adult dogs
A feature of Pekingese dogs is their small size. However, this does not mean that their diet should be less nutritious. Pekingese, like dogs of other breeds, require a full range of proteins and fats, carbohydrates and trace elements, as well as vitamins. Protein is required for the formation of muscle tissue, to regulate the work of the cardiovascular activity, the muscular system and to strengthen the immune system.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy, and fats are needed to ensure the correct balance of hormones and affect the quality of the coat. Vitamins and trace elements are needed for the normal functioning of various systems and organs.
First of all, it should be noted what the Pekingese eat and love. They are happy to use such products:
- any types of meat and poultry (veal and rabbit, beef, chicken and turkey);
- boiled offal (kidney and heart, liver and lung);
- boiled sea fish;
- raw minced meat from lean meat;
- cottage cheese, milk and eggs;
- cereals (oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, millet);
- vegetables, both boiled and raw (zucchini and broccoli, cauliflower, beets and carrots);
- fruits (apples, pears, apricots, peaches) and herbs (lettuce, sprouted oats and wheat).
Pekingese are big food lovers, they will never give up on treats. It must be borne in mind that not every product can be given to them. Pekingese are prohibited from such foods.
- Any beans and potatoes, as they contribute to the increased formation of gas in the intestines.
- Fatty lamb and pork. the stomach of the animal does not digest such meat poorly, which can cause problems in its work. This also applies to any other fatty foods.
- Confectionery (chocolate, candy) and sweet flour products. They can be replaced with not very sweet fruits.
- Smoked meats, sausages, because they contain dyes, spices, salt, preservatives that can cause allergies in the dog.
- Mushrooms, soy and foods containing it.
- Also, you can not feed the pet with grapes (raisins), citrus fruits, cocoa and coffee, semolina.
It is also important to note the features of feeding an adult pet at home. They consist in the observance of these rules.
- The Pekingese is fed twice a day and preferably at the same time.
- The place where the dog eats should be constant and unchanging. The water should always be fresh and accessible to the dog.
- You can not force the Pekingese to eat, if he does not want, it is better to reschedule the feeding next time.
- Food should also always be freshly cooked and warm, not cold or hot, as such food can harm your pet’s digestion.
- It is not recommended to offer liquid soup to Pekingese, as it is difficult for them to eat it due to the physiological structure of the muzzle.
- Salting food is also undesirable, especially meat. Salting other food can only be done in very small quantities.
- The main part of the diet should be meat and offal (50%), and the other half should be porridge together with vegetables.
- You can not often treat your pet to treats, otherwise the dog will get used to them and will not eat the usual food.
- Periodically, Pekingese are given special complex vitamins.
- The volume of the daily ration is determined as follows: one kilogram of the animal’s weight accounts for 70 g of food. So, with a weight of 5 kg, a dog should eat 350 g of feed per day.
The diet of an adult Pekingese can be natural, dry food and mixed. Natural feeding consists of making a daily menu and preparing food from a variety of natural products. It is supplemented with vitamin complexes for the Pekingese.
The peculiarity of dry food is that it already contains all the necessary nutrients, including vitamins. Mixed feeding involves the alternation of natural food and dry food.
With natural feeding, the Pekingese must observe the following proportions of its daily diet: meat and offal. from 50 to 70%, cereals. from 15 to 40%, vegetables. from 15 to 25% of the total food.
The ratio of protein to vegetable feed should be 2: 1. The source of protein is a variety of meats, fish, dairy products and eggs, and plant foods are represented by various cereals, vegetables and fruits, herbs and vegetable oil.
An adult Pekingese can be offered such a menu for the day: meat (veal, chicken), boiled offal (liver, heart). 70-100 g, cottage cheese. 40 g, rice porridge or other. 50 g, vegetables. from 10 to 40 g. This daily rate is divided into 2 parts and fed 2 times a day.
Canned food can be made from natural products. Any meat (beef or poultry) must be scrolled into minced meat in a meat grinder, combined with vegetables (fresh cucumber, zucchini, carrots or pumpkin), chopped very finely, add fish oil, yeast (feed), bone meal and a vitamin complex. The mixture is divided into separate portions and placed in the freezer. If necessary, ready-made canned food is thawed, and then cereal porridges are added to them.
When composing a diet for your pet, you should also take into account the individual characteristics of his body (temperament, degree of mobility and activity), as well as the characteristics of metabolic processes, and in accordance with them, adjust the norms of his nutrition. If the dog has lost weight (and this is not associated with the disease), then the volume of the norm should be slightly increased, and if the pet is getting fat, then, on the contrary, it should be reduced.
Pekingese nutrition during pregnancy and after childbirth is also important. When feeding a dog with dry food, it is not necessary to transfer it to natural feeding during the gestation of puppies. It is only necessary to replace regular food with a special one for pregnant Pekingese. However, experts advise at this time to supplement the dog with a small amount of natural food.
During the first half of pregnancy, the dog does not experience much change in needs. Therefore, her diet usually does not change. The intensive growth of the embryonic puppies begins from the fourth week. From now on, the volume of a single serving increases by about 15% every week.
By the end of the second half of pregnancy, the pet’s daily rate increases by one and a half times. At the same time, the frequency of feeding is also increased: first 3 times, and by the end of pregnancy. 4 times a day.
A pregnant dog should get plenty of protein, calcium and vitamins. Each 100 g of food should include: proteins. 22 g, fat. 5 g, calcium. 0.6 g, and a complex of vitamins A, B, D and E.
With natural feeding, meat products (veal, rabbit, fresh tripe) take up a large volume in the diet and are supplemented with boiled liver, heart and other offal, which are given 2-3 times a week. It is useful to feed a pregnant dog with fruits (apples, pears), pumpkin, vegetables (zucchini, carrots).
After giving birth, the diet of the Pekingese changes. A nursing dog is given food about 7 times a day. The food must first be chopped to a gruel, mixing the meat with vegetables. It is advisable to feed her during this period with chicken, boiled liver and heart. It is not recommended to give fresh vegetables, they must be boiled beforehand.
At first, the nursing dog is fed frequently, but in small portions. Gradually, the frequency of feeding is reduced to 5 times a day, and only after a month, the dog can be transferred to the usual feeding regimen.
Pekingese usually live from 12 to 15 years. 8-year-old dogs are considered to be elderly. They need low-calorie nutrition, so the protein component in the diet is reduced. Porridge becomes the basis of the diet.
For better intestinal motility, it is necessary to add more vegetable and fruit fiber to them. Older Pekingese often have dental problems. In this case, natural food should be crushed, and dry food should be soaked with fermented milk products or water before feeding.
The volume of the daily ration should also be reduced, and the frequency of feeding should be increased up to 4-5 times a day.
Fractional nutrition contributes to easier digestion of food and better assimilation.
What do puppies eat??
Pekingese, despite their small size, have an excellent appetite. Their nutrition needs to be monitored from an early age, as dogs of this breed are prone to obesity, which can lead to various complications.
Feeding a small puppy is different from feeding an adult Pekingese. Until the age of one month, puppies feed on mother’s milk, which contains all the necessary nutrients. Usually one puppy needs 15-40 g of milk, and the frequency of feeding is determined by the puppies themselves as needed.
If breastfeeding is impossible for any reason, then breast milk can be replaced with goat milk diluted with boiled water, as well as with special ready-made goat milk formulas.
When the puppies reach the age of one month, the diet begins to change. With their growth, their need for food increases, and only mother’s milk is no longer enough. At the same time, they begin to gradually wean from breastfeeding.
At the age of 1-1.5 months, the puppies begin to be fed. One of the feedings is replaced with liquid milk porridge, cottage cheese, minced meat of low-fat varieties.
Minced meat can be replaced with meat. To do this, peel off the top layer from raw and pre-frozen meat and heat it at room temperature. For the prevention of parasites, it is recommended to douse the meat with boiling water. At this age, the puppy is recommended cottage cheese for baby food, and liquid porridge made from rolled oats or crushed rice, diluted with milk.
At the age of two months, minced meat from boiled meat, lactic acid products (kefir), boiled vegetables (carrots, cauliflower, zucchini) are added to the diet. The daily amount of food also increases: it is about 180 g. You can feed small Pekingese and canned food for puppies of small breeds.
New food is given at intervals of several days in order to control the reaction of the puppy’s body to unusual food. The daily menu of two-month-old puppies can consist of the following products:
- cottage cheese diluted with milk. 80 g;
- liquid milk rice or buckwheat porridge. 150 g;
- minced lean meat. 70 g.
At the age of three months, puppies are weaned from their mother and they change their place of residence. For the first time (about 2 weeks), new owners should not change the pet’s diet, keeping the old menu. But puppies already need more variety, so new foods are gradually being added to their diets.
For puppies, boiled or raw egg yolk, as well as chicken meat, are added to the menu. During this period, the percentage of meat increases and is approximately 50-70%. This month the third feeding is gradually eliminated and the portions are increased by about 30 g.
For 4-month-old Pekingese, an approximate menu for the day may be as follows:
- oatmeal (80 g), milk (20 g);
- boiled chicken or turkey meat without skin (70 g);
- rice porridge, yolk boiled in water or broth;
- lean minced boiled meat (70 g).
In the period from 4 to 6 months, the little Pekingese has priorities for certain products. The growing puppy eats with pleasure and quite a lot. He needs a large volume of fermented milk products (kefir, fermented baked milk, natural yogurt, yogurt), cottage cheese, lean meat in raw and boiled form, boiled offal (liver, kidneys, heart), boiled pulp (without bones) of sea white fish.
You can diversify the menu with cereals, vegetables. During this period, it is also possible to gradually transfer the animal to dry food, which is previously softened in water. In this form, it is given up to 7-8 months of age. Only after 8 months, when the change of teeth is completely over, it is possible to combine dry food and soaked in a ratio of 1: 3.
Upon reaching 5 months, one more (fourth) feeding is excluded, increasing single portions by another 20-30 g.
From 6 months of age, an older pet can already be given the same foods as an adult dog. Milk is left in the diet if the puppy digests it well. It is allowed to treat him with fruits, but not very sweet and juicy. At this age, the day menu may be as follows:
- the first feeding. milk or kefir (40 g) and any porridge (100 g);
- the second feeding. any meat cut into small pieces (100 g), porridge (70 g);
- third feeding. meat (90 g), porridge (50 g), vegetables (50 g) and fish oil (0.5 teaspoon).
In the following months, the pet is fed, adhering to the same diet, and by the 9th month it is necessary to give up one more feeding and switch to two meals a day. At this time, the daily diet may consist of:
- fermented milk products (100 g), a loaf with butter (1 slice), any porridge (70 g) and fish oil (0.5 tsp). the first feeding;
- any meat (100 g), porridge (70 g), vegetables (70 g) and fish oil (0.5 teaspoon). second feeding.
The age of the puppies directly affects the frequency of their daily feeding:
- 1-3 month old puppies are fed 5 or 6 times a day;
- at 4 months. 4 times;
- at 5-8 months of age already 3 times;
- from 9-10 months they begin to gradually transfer to two meals a day, like in an adult dog.
How to choose food?
You can feed the Pekingese not only with natural food, but also with ready-made dry food. The advantages of this type of food are as follows:
- dry food is properly balanced and contains all the necessary nutrients and vitamins;
- there is no need to prepare food and waste time;
- it does not deteriorate, it is convenient to take it with you on trips;
- no need to calculate the quantitative protein, fat, carbohydrates and daily allowance: it is indicated on the package.
When feeding a Pekingese dry food, you need to adhere to these rules.
- You need to feed the dog only one type of food, without mixing it with others and without changing it. Sudden changes from one type of food to another can cause allergies and indigestion.
- When feeding such food, you need to take into account the breed of the dog, its age and degree of activity.
- Puppies can only be fed with pre-soaked food. To do this, you can use kefir, fermented baked milk or just water. It is strictly forbidden to use boiling water and milk.
It is impossible to additionally include vitamin complexes in the diet, since the ready-made feed already contains all the necessary vitamins.
Feeding puppies with dry food also needs to be done correctly:
- strictly adhere to the norms recommended on the package;
- until the age of two months, dry food should be fed 5 or 6 times a day, from 2 to 4 months. from 3 to 4 times;
- the transition to dry food should be carried out gradually, it should be given only pre-soaked;
- it is necessary to provide puppies with constant and unlimited access to fresh water.
All dry food is divided into these classes.
- Economy. this type of food is made mainly from legumes, contains a lot of salt and does not contain vitamins. This food is of poor quality and is not recommended for Pekingese.
- Premium and Super Premium. these are high quality ready-to-eat foods that are perfect for Pekingese.
- Holistic. these foods are intended for dogs with various diseases.
For Pekingese, it is necessary to buy food intended for dogs of long-haired breeds. In addition, it should be remembered that this breed is prone to allergies, so it is better to purchase super premium food. They are characterized by a large meat component (50-80%), vegetable, berry and herbal additives.
Among the popular types of food for Pekingese are Acana, Piccolo, Belcando, Orijen, Pronature, Now Natural holistic, Golden Eagle. Among the premium feeds, the Royal canin, Hapy Dog, Hills brands are recommended. The range of dry food is very large, some of their types are universal, designed for any breed.
There are food for sterilized animals, for puppies and adults, for the elderly, for pregnant women, as well as obese dogs.
Pekingese should not be fed with “Active” and “Sport” foods, as these species are intended for highly active dogs. In a sedentary Pekingese, such varieties will only cause weight gain.
When choosing a ready-made feed, you need to pay attention to such factors.
- You need to choose only high-quality feed, excluding economy class products.
- The composition of the feed is very important. Proteins should be represented not by offal, but by meat, carbohydrates. oatmeal and rice, but not potatoes or wheat. The feed must contain fiber and the required daily amount of trace elements and vitamins.
- The food must be selected in accordance with the age of the Pekingese. For puppies of different ages, there are certain types. food for puppies up to one month, from 1 to 3 months, up to 6 months.
- For pets with any diseases, you need to choose specialized feed.
The main condition for feeding dry food is providing the dog with plenty of drink in constant access. In addition to dry food, there are other types of ready-made food: semi-moist. canned meat with vegetables and cereals, as well as pates; wet. various stews with pieces of meat in a sauce. They are used mainly for treats in the form of delicacies.
Veterinarians and breeders with extensive experience in breeding Pekingese give these recommendations.
- During the period when the puppy changes its children’s undercoat to adult wool, it is necessary to include in the diet, in addition to fish, algae and shellfish. However, it must be remembered that at an earlier age (up to 6-8 months) they cannot be given.
- To provide your pet with vitamin C, it is useful to include parsley and lettuce leaves in the diet.
- Whatever the type of feeding the dog is, it must not be overfeeded. Excess weight will lead to disruption of the heart, affect the function of the stomach, cause shortness of breath. If you are overweight, you should reduce the serving size, and also include more vegetables in the food.
- Veterinarians advise not to feed the pet with buckwheat porridge too often, as this can provoke the occurrence of urolithiasis.
- It is not recommended to feed the Pekingese with pollock. It contains elements that can harm the health of the animal.
- If the Pekingese did not eat all the food, then he was full. The feeder should be removed before the next feed. This will prevent your pet from overeating.
- When feeding with ready-made food, the Pekingese can be given fresh vegetables and fruits as a treat, but their volume should not exceed 20% of the total daily requirement of dry food.
The owner himself must decide what type of food to choose for the pet. The main indicator that the dog is eating properly and its diet meets all the requirements is the well-being of the Pekingese. If he is cheerful and active, his coat shines, then the food is organized correctly.
With an improper diet, some changes in the pet’s appearance are observed: the coat loses its shine and becomes dull and even falls out, the dog walks lazily and hard, gains weight or shows signs of allergy in the form of “crying” eyes. In this case, you need to consult a veterinarian and prescribe a special diet.
Not only the health of the pet depends on proper nutrition, but also the duration of its life.
See the following video for the Pekingese diet.