home Article How to feed a newborn puppy at home

How to feed a newborn puppy at home

Feed rating

Food for a puppy of this breed must be at least premium.

When choosing a suitable diet, you must carefully study its composition:

  • in the first place in the list of ingredients should be meat (for puppies, food based on beef, chicken, lamb is suitable) or fish, indicating their type;
  • vitamin E must be used as a preservative;
  • the composition must be free of flavors, dyes and preservatives and contain proteins.

How to take care of newborn puppies

The most suitable food for husky puppies:

  • Acana Puppy and Junior. made from fresh meat and fish, contains grains, vegetables, fruits, oats with a low glycemic index and supplements that contribute to the proper formation of bone tissue;
  • Orijen Puppy. contains no cereals, but contains more than 75% meat components, a small amount of carbohydrates, vegetables, beans, berries, fruits and special minerals and vitamins;
  • Almo Nature Medium Puppy. 53% consists of meat ingredients, contains cereals and plant components, and rosemary extract acts as a natural antioxidant;
  • Nutra Gold. contains meat or fish fillets, grains, legumes, vegetables, algae, vitamins, minerals, trace elements, there are no flavor enhancers, flavors and other artificial additives in the composition;
  • Royal Canin (Medium Puppy). contains at least 30% meat, for puppies of this breed you should choose holistic food with hypoallergenic ingredients;
  • Advance. the feed consists of more than 22 products and contains at least 15% meat, enriched with necessary microelements;
  • Purina Pro Plan. with at least 20% meat and offal, the Medium Puppy Sensetive line is suitable for medium-breed puppies prone to allergies;
  • Happy Dog (Medium Baby). contains about 25% meat, plant extracts, fermented cereals, flaxseed, fatty acids, micro- and macroelements, no dyes, preservatives, soy.

Also suitable for feeding puppies of this breed are 1st Choise (Puppy series), Now Fresh (Puppy Chiot) and Josera Puppy.

Husky dogs cannot be fed with low-quality economy class products.

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How and what to properly feed a husky puppy: the choice of food for pets and where to start the first feeding

Huskies were bred in the north-east of Siberia and existed for a long time in a harsh climate.

Using a Syringe to Feed a Newborn Puppy

Despite the fact that representatives of this breed have not been used as working and sled dogs for a long time, they have retained their distinctive features, including hyperactivity, the ability to tolerate frost and a high degree of endurance.

All this necessitates a responsible attitude to their diet. any mistakes in feeding the husky can lead to the development of serious health problems and even a reduction in life expectancy.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like a natural diet, a diet based on industrial feed has a number of advantages, but it is also not without its disadvantages.

  • balanced composition, enriched with vitamins and minerals;
  • the ability to buy food for future use;
  • simplicity and ease of use;
  • the presence on the packaging of information about the daily consumption rate;
  • saving time and effort on preparing food and drawing up a diet;
  • assortment that allows you to choose food taking into account the age of the puppy.

In addition, the special composition, which coated the dry food granules, helps to clean the husky’s teeth.

Disadvantages of industrial feed:

  • lack of liquid in food, if we are not talking about wet food;
  • the possibility of using low-quality meat and meat waste for the manufacture of feed;
  • the likelihood of the presence in the composition of chemical flavors, dyes, flavor enhancers, soy and other harmful components;
  • high cost for quality products.

If the puppy is allergic to one of the food components, the entire diet will have to be changed.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of this type of feeding are:

  • the absence of chemical additives, flavors and flavor enhancers that can adversely affect the health of the pet;
  • the content of the required amount of fiber and protein;
  • the ability to control the quality of the food consumed by the dog;
  • a variety of diet, eliminating the likelihood that the animal will get bored with food;
  • lower, in comparison with industrial feed, cost.

In addition, if the husky is allergic to one of the products, it can be replaced with an analogue.

Cons of natural food:

  • it takes a lot of time to prepare fresh food for the dog every day;
  • if it becomes necessary to transfer the pet to industrial feed, it will be quite difficult to do this;
  • food cannot be prepared for future use;
  • natural nutrition is not possible until the puppy is 1 month old.

It should also be remembered that it is quite difficult to independently compose a balanced diet that takes into account the puppy’s needs not only for carbohydrates, fats, proteins and fiber, but also for amino acids, micro- and macroelements and vitamins, and improper nutrition can lead to vitamin deficiency or a lack of minerals.

Where to start the first feeding

You need to start feeding puppies from 3-4 weeks after their birth. At this age, babies need additional sources of energy, vitamins and minerals, which is due to the active growth and formation of the body.

All food should be liquid or mushy, at room temperature or slightly warmer. If the puppy reacts negatively to any complementary foods, they should be excluded and the portion should be reduced.

If for some reason the bitch cannot feed the puppies or her milk is not enough, the babies need to start feeding earlier, using milk replacers.

Natural food or artificial food? What’s better?

When purchasing a puppy, whatever breed it may be, the owner determines the type of his food, choosing between industrial food, natural products or a mixed diet.

In the case of husky puppies, combined feeding is strictly prohibited. the body of these animals produces different enzymes for the processing of feed and “natural”, so mixing them can lead to gastrointestinal diseases and, in general, adversely affect the development of the pet.

The remaining feeding options have their advantages and disadvantages, and it is impossible to unequivocally judge which one is better.

So, high-quality industrial food is already enriched with all the necessary micro- and macroelements, which allows you not to give the puppy additional vitamins and minerals.

The advantage of natural food at home is that it does not contain chemical additives, all nutrients are of natural origin.

It is better not to change the selected type of food, and if necessary, do it gradually.

Allowed Products

In the husky menu with a natural type of food, you must include:

  • lean meat (beef, chicken, venison, turkey) is the main source of proteins necessary for the animal, it should make up at least 70% of the daily food volume;
  • offal (heart, scar, spleen, lungs, trachea, liver). they are rich in trace elements and vitamins;
  • bones. large, “sugar” bones help to clean the teeth, strengthen the muscles of the jaws;
  • cartilage. source of collagen, trace elements, vitamins necessary for the correct formation of the dog’s body;
  • sea ​​fish. it is rich in iodine, fluorine, amino acids, phosphorus, vitamins A, B, D;
  • cereals (rice, oatmeal, buckwheat). contribute to the normalization of the intestines;
  • low-fat fermented milk products. contain calcium necessary for the musculoskeletal system;
  • eggs. a maximum of 2 times a week and only the yolk;
  • vegetables (tomatoes, zucchini, carrots, beans and pumpkin, cabbage). rich in minerals and vitamins, stabilize digestion.

As a treat, you can from time to time give the puppy bananas, honey or dried apricots.

An additional intake of a vitamin-mineral complex is required, but before buying, you should consult a veterinarian.

Natural food

Many, especially beginners, dog breeders believe that feeding a dog with natural products is a priori better for its development and health, but this is not entirely true.

This type of food has not only advantages, but also disadvantages.

Royal canin

The assortment includes a food made specifically for Shih Tzu dogs called Shih Tzu Adult. The diet is based on rice and poultry meat. The composition also contains fish oil, grape and green tea extracts, soybean oil. This food can be given to puppies from 10 months.

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Upbringing

A dog should be brought up from a young age. Dogs of this breed have excellent intelligence, so training is easy. During training, they will be able to perform simple commands (bring slippers, give a paw).

First, the pet is trained by frequent walking outside. So he will quickly get used to society, and it will be possible to establish contact with the puppy.

Then the animal is toilet trained. First, for the Shih Tzu, you can put a small piece of a special diaper. After the animal gets used to it, it will be possible to show it to the tray, on the bottom of which an old diaper is laid.

Orijen

The main ingredients of the diet are: turkey fillet, chicken, chicken eggs, herring or flounder. Almost all feeds of this brand do not contain cereals that can cause allergies in the animal.

Sometimes, in the manufacture of feed, freeze-dried chicken or turkey liver is also added to it. These components can enhance the taste and aroma of ready-made food.

Acana

The range of products from this manufacturer includes a diet designed for small breeds. Adult Small Breed. The basis of the menu can be turkey, chicken, flounder fillets. It also includes chicken eggs.

At the same time, the food does not contain rice grains, cereals and potatoes, because these components can cause an allergic reaction in the dog.

Dog walking

Puppies can be walked at 3.5 or 4 months of age. Initially, the walk should last no more than 15 minutes. Small individuals are best taken outside up to five times a day.

As the puppy grows up, the number of walks per day begins to decrease, while their duration increases in time. For adults, just one hour walk a day will be enough.

After each arrival from the street, it is necessary to carefully examine the limbs, eyes, ears and hair. It is necessary to immediately remove the dirt adhering during the walk. You should also make sure there are no ticks on the dog.

Shih Tzu keeping rules

Many people have pets in their homes and apartments. Some people prefer small dogs of the Shih Tzu breed. In this article, we will talk about the description of the breed, its characteristics and the basic rules for keeping such animals.

Eukanuba

The assortment includes a menu created especially for miniature dog breeds. The basis is chicken meat. Such a diet maintains the dog’s weight and contributes to the good condition of the skin. And also it does not allow the formation of a stone on the teeth of the animal.

What to do after puppies are born

Features of feeding a dog with baby food

Despite the fact that baby food contains practically no harmful additives, they should not be the main food for puppies. With frequent use of these products, animals can develop gastrointestinal pathologies. Newly born babies need 1-2 tablespoons of natural mixture a day. When choosing food, it is necessary to carefully study the composition of the product. Food should not contain preservatives, a large amount of dyes, aromatic additives. You need to feed your puppies with fresh food.

Ten to twelve months

  • morning. alternate between meat and dairy foods every other day;
  • evening. boiled meat / fish with rice and vegetables.

At the age from 10 to 12 months, animals are fed 2 times a day.

Feeding after weaning

Novice dog lovers are often interested in how to feed a newborn puppy after weaning. When babies are 3 weeks old, they can already be fed porridge diluted with water. After 2-3 days, you can add minced meat, vegetable soups to the diet. At this stage, it is necessary to teach the offspring to the bowl. After weaning, it is necessary to strengthen the body of the animals. You can use fish oil for this.

Feeding your puppy with natural food

If it was decided to transfer the kids to natural food, then at the same time, dog lovers should not add dry food to the menu. This leads to stomach problems. Natural food should not be too fatty, salty. It is also worth excluding smoked meats. The menu may include the following products:

  • meat (beef, chicken);
  • vegetables;
  • milk;
  • porridge;
  • bran;
  • cottage cheese;
  • kefir.

Basic feeding rules

How to feed a puppy from birth without a mother is a frequent question for dog owners who are faced with the rejection of their offspring from mother’s milk. When choosing a diet for dogs, it is necessary to take into account some important conditions that veterinarians note:

  • babies need to be fed every day at the same time;
  • food for animals should be warm, but not hot;
  • after eating, it is worth postponing active games so that the food is absorbed in the body;
  • puppies need clean, plain water. Therefore, they must have access to it all the time.
  • it is not recommended to mix dry food with natural. If initially the offspring ate natural food, and now the owner wants to introduce purchased feed into their diet, then it is worth discussing this issue with the veterinarian. A sharp transition to a new food can provoke the development of stomach diseases;
  • use of salt should be minimized;
  • artificial feeding of puppies takes place with the help of special baby food, enriched with vitamins, minerals, trace elements.

How to feed newborn puppies at home if there is no mother

The birth of puppies is an event for which you need to carefully prepare. One of the important factors in the growth of an animal is nutrition. Hosts should become familiar with the feeding habits of newborn puppies in order to minimize the development of gastrointestinal diseases. How to feed weekly and monthly puppies, you can learn from the article.

Prohibited foods

Chihuahuas are special pets that need dietary adjustments. What other dogs need, it is strictly forbidden to give these:

  • Raw meat. only boiled, or, in extreme cases, scalded with boiling water. It is forbidden to give pork (neither raw nor boiled).
  • All confectionery products. chocolate, sweets, waffles, etc., must be completely excluded from the diet, since their consumption entails various health problems. disruption of the digestive system, destruction of tooth enamel, and the development of lacrimation.
  • Fried and fatty. unhealthy food not only for this breed, but also for other dogs and even for humans.
  • Milk. in some breeds it has a laxative effect, and Chihuahuas also belong to this category of pets.
  • Pollock and river fish. for many reasons they should not be on the dog’s menu.

In addition, this group of products also includes nuts, onions, all legumes, salty and spicy dishes.

Nutritional features of dogs carrying offspring and puppies

Naturally, a pregnant animal needs a special diet, as well as a nursing mother and her little children. First of all, it is necessary to increase the amount of calcium-rich foods in the pet’s diet. cottage cheese, cheese, apples, cauliflower, rolled oats.

Since during pregnancy, a process of oversaturation with proteins occurs in the dog’s body, it is necessary to remove all meat and fish food from the diet of the future mother a week before giving birth.

What to feed a Chihuahua puppy? From the age of three weeks, puppies can be fed meat. minced meat from low-fat varieties of beef or veal. For the first time, its quantity should not exceed one pea.

Gradually, the portion must be increased, and in a month the puppy will already be able to use porridge with meat and kefir.

How to feed a Chihuahua

Chihuahua is a very small but active dog that expends a lot of energy. This should make the owners think about a complete pet diet and understand what to feed the Chihuahua. The main thing in a dog’s nutrition is, first of all, the quality of the food, not its quantity. So, it is necessary to maintain a balance, and provide the animal with the most nutritious foods.

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An example of the daily diet of an adult Chihuahua

The amount of food for this small breed is calculated as follows. from 60 to 80 grams of food per 1 kilogram of body weight. Thus, a two-kilogram pet will need an average of 140 grams of finished products per day. 65-70% of them should be protein in composition, the rest are all other components.

The answer to the question of how many times a day to feed a Chihuahua is 2 times, divided into morning and evening feeding. And during breaks, it is permissible to treat your four-legged friend with various delicacies. special bones, rye croutons, dry biscuit-type biscuits.

The food must be warm, and the pet must have round-the-clock access to drinking water.

A dog’s menu might look like this:

  • Morning feeding. lean meat (preferably beef, veal) or fish (steamed or boiled), cut into small pieces, with the addition of porridge cooked from rice or buckwheat. The ratio of products should be as follows. three parts of meat to one part of cereal. The dish can be supplemented with grated raw vegetables. zucchini, carrots, tomatoes, seasoned with a teaspoon of sunflower or olive oil.
  • Daily snack. you can give your dog only one product. fresh fruit, kefir or yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese. Sometimes it can be an egg omelet or yolk.
  • Evening Feeding. Meat boiled or boiled with stewed or steamed minced vegetables.

What should be included in the Chihuahua diet

Despite its tiny size, do not forget that the Chihuahua is a full-fledged dog, respectively, a predator. And her diet, for the most part, should consist of protein foods. The basis is protein of animal origin, but the diet should also contain plant proteins, carbohydrates, fats and necessary trace elements. the presence of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins of various groups is mandatory.

High animal protein in the following foods:

  • meat. beef, horse meat, veal, lamb, poultry;
  • fish;
  • eggs;
  • cheese products;
  • fermented milk products.

However, not all of them are suitable as food for Chihuahuas. It is worth considering in more detail all the components of the menu of these dogs.

It has already been noted that meat for dogs of this breed is the basis of their nutrition. Chihuahuas can be fed with lean meats. beef, veal, horse meat. It is undesirable to give it raw, before serving it can be boiled or doused with boiling water.

Porridge must also be present in the diet of a tiny pet. It can be buckwheat, rice, corn or rolled oats.

Absolutely any vegetables are welcome, both heat-treated (best steamed) and raw. In the latter case, in order to increase their digestibility, vegetables can be chopped on a fine grater and seasoned with low-fat sour cream or vegetable oil. Among all the vegetables that are especially useful for Chihuahua dogs, carrots are. Carotene, of which this vegetable contains a large amount, has a fruitful effect on the condition of the coat.

You can give your little pet fresh fruit as a treat. Among them, it is better to give preference to apples and bananas.

There are a number of foods that can be included in the Chihuahua diet, but you should not do this more often than once a week:

  • Meat by-products. heart, tongue, liver, lung, kidneys. can be given to dogs, but only in boiled form.
  • Chicken meat is given to a pet no more than two to three times a month, exclusively boiled, since raw chicken can contain a dangerous salmonellosis virus. Before serving, it is necessary to remove all bones from the meat, since the Chihuahua can choke on their small fragments, remove the skin. Chicken meat should be introduced into the menu of dogs with caution, since it is considered quite allergenic.
  • Fish. Sea fish can be offered to your pet more often. twice a week. It is worth choosing low-fat types, it should be boiled or steam, thoroughly cleaned of bones.
  • Eggs. one egg per week is enough, it is given to the pet in the form of an omelet or boiled and chopped. Can be served on its own or added to other foods. Raw eggs are not recommended.

Chihuahua ready-to-eat food

If the owner decided to feed the pet with special food, then this definitely makes the task easier. No need to painstakingly calculate the required rate, just look at the table indicated on the package. From it, you can easily determine the portion for one feeding, knowing only the weight of your little pet.

Dry food for such crumbs is produced in the form of small granules (the larger the pet, the larger they will be), which can be fed dry, or pre-soaked in a small amount of water. Canned food is preferable to give in the form in which they are.

Pet food made with the latest technology attracts pets just as much as natural products. In addition, manufacturers take into account the balance of nutrients calculated for a certain type of dog and their condition (elderly, young, large, small, carrying puppies, etc.) Therefore, you can be sure that the pet will receive everything it needs for its growth and full development. With this type of feeding, the dog does not need additional vitamin and mineral supplements, since they are already part of the feed.

After a pet has eaten, only wet food remaining in the bowl must be removed, while dry food can be there all the time. It does not deteriorate and can retain its properties at room temperature. This is convenient if there is no time to wait until the dog is completely full.

There are many different companies that specialize in the production of dog food. And if you want to give your pet all the best, you should opt for well-known brands that have been tested by major breeders and belong exclusively to the premium category. This type of feed is made from high quality products and enriched with the necessary additives. Alternatively, you can consult an experienced Chihuahua breeder about the food. Whatever the owner chooses for his beloved pet, it is important to maintain a balance in nutrition.

Mixed feeding. what is it

Some owners prefer mixed feeding, that is, the pet is fed both industrial and natural food at the same time.

Feed manufacturers and veterinarians do not recommend this type of feeding, although the experience of many owners suggests otherwise.

In theory, a dog’s gastrointestinal tract is unable to adapt to the digestion of natural and industrial foods that the dog consumes at the same time.

It is important to understand that natural food enters the intestines and begins to be digested within 10–20 minutes after eating. Dry food takes 20–40 minutes to absorb moisture and sink into the intestines. It turns out that while feeding with dry granules and natural products, part of the food is simply not digested. This problem is solved by pre-soaking dry food.

Mixed feeding is not recommended because it threatens with hypervitaminosis. Quality food contains the full spectrum of vitamins and minerals your dog needs. When introduced into the diet of natural products, the dog receives additional vitamins and minerals, and this is fraught with the development of various chronic diseases.

Note! When fed with quality commercial food, supplementing the diet with natural products can lead to weight gain.

Mixed feeding threatens another nuisance. dysbiosis. Dysbacteriosis is not an independent diagnosis, it always acts as a symptom of any disease. In the case of mixed feeding, part of the food in the intestines is not digested, but simply rots, which adversely affects the natural intestinal microflora. Over time, instead of beneficial bacteria, pathogenic microflora develops in the dog’s intestines, which leads to chronic indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea.

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How to feed a puppy at 3 months

How to feed a puppy at 3 months old? What can not be fed to a puppy at 3 months old? What to choose dry food, canned food, natural food or mixed feeding? To correctly formulate the diet and feeding regimen, you need to know the peculiarities of the development of a puppy at 3 months. Water, vitamins and supplements play an important role in a puppy’s diet! Let’s take a closer look!

Water in the puppy’s diet at 3 months

Water is the basis of blood and all body fluids. With a lack of water, puppies’ blood thickens, which leads to disastrous consequences. In puppies at 3 months of age, dehydration develops rapidly and can cause irreparable harm.

Important! Dehydration is one of the key reasons why it is not recommended to feed puppies at 3 months of age with dry pellets.

Usually, puppies do not have problems with water intake as long as a drinking bowl is readily available. When choosing an industrial diet, make sure that at least two large drinkers are available for your pet. The water should be changed once a day, more often in hot weather. The higher the air temperature, the faster the pathogenic microflora develops in the water, and this is fraught with indigestion and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.

Natural food for a 3 month old puppy

Natural food is considered more natural for feeding dogs. At three months of age, the puppy is able to digest almost the entire range of natural products allowed for feeding dogs.

The diet should be based on protein foods:

  • Milk, homemade fermented milk products, including cottage cheese.
  • Boiled meat or after a long freezing. beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, turkey, in the absence of excess weight, you can duck.
  • Peeled and boiled meat offal. heart, lungs, udder, beef liver. Chopped beef tripe can be used raw.
  • Boiled and raw chicken and quail eggs.
  • Sources of carbohydrates. rice, buckwheat, barley flour. If you are underweight and have no allergies, you can use wheat groats. With the threat of gaining excess weight, you can barley.
  • Sources of hard fibers. carrots, cucumber, squash, pumpkin, boiled cabbage, raw potatoes, etc.
  • Sources of vitamins. not too sweet and juicy fruits, greens.

At the age of three months, you can cook porridge for the puppy or give food separately. Simple recipes can be used to prepare complex meals. For example, you can make an omelet from eggs and milk, which is fried in a dry pan. Mix cottage cheese and carrots for calcium, protein and vitamin-rich pet food.

Vitamins and Supplements

Until the puppy leaves the phase of active growth, he constantly needs vitamins and supplements with microelements. If you keep your pet on an industrial diet, its vitamin and mineral needs can be compensated for with quality super premium food or higher. When feeding premium food or a natural diet, vitamin supplements must be added to the puppy’s diet.

With a natural diet, the puppy’s diet contains sources of vitamins and microelements. cottage cheese, liver, eggs, vegetables, fruits, herbs, etc. A balanced diet will compensate for the pet’s needs before the start of the milk teeth change (4–5 months of age). As soon as the front incisors begin to wobble, additional sources of vitamins and minerals or industrial vitamin supplements should be introduced into the pet’s diet.

Dry food for a puppy at 3 months

Most owners prefer to feed their pet dry food because it is convenient and time-saving. However, at the age of three months, the puppy is not ready to eat dry granules and there are a number of good reasons for this. The puppy’s digestive tract gradually adjusts to digest new food. Dry granules entering the digestive tract actively absorb water. At such a young age, feeding with dry food can lead to dehydration, even with active drinking.

Dry food can only be added to the puppy’s diet when soaked. So that the granules do not harm the pet’s body, they must be poured with warm water or broth 10-15 minutes before feeding. After the granules are saturated with water, increase in volume and become soft, they must be crushed and mixed with canned food. For puppies of large breeds, soaked dry food can be introduced into the diet from 3 months, the rest no earlier than 4 months.

Features of the development of a puppy at 3 months

The developmental characteristics of a puppy at 3 months may vary slightly depending on the breed. However, almost all puppies between the ages of 3 and 6 months are in the active growth stage. A constantly growing body, the need for communication, activity and the acquisition of new skills forms an overestimated need for energy.

A balanced diet is one of the key factors in the timely formation of a puppy, both physically and mentally. At the age of 3 months, the pet’s body begins to prepare for the change of milk teeth, which leads to an increase in the need for vitamins and microelements. In addition, before the change of milk teeth in a puppy, the immune defense of the body is sharply reduced. During the period of feeding with mother’s milk, the puppy receives not only nutrition, but also antibodies that protect it up to three months of age.

At the age of 2 months or a little older, the pet should be vaccinated. Parasite prophylaxis should be carried out 2 weeks before vaccination. Before preparing for vaccination, you should visit your veterinarian, since vaccinations can only be given to a completely healthy animal. If the doctor discovers that the pet is suffering from any ailment, treatment is carried out first, and after vaccination.

Feeding regimen for a puppy at 3 months

At the age of three months, the puppy receives its first vaccination, after which it can be walked outside. For many owners, this event becomes a holiday, since the pet can be trained to use the toilet outside the home. Feeding regimen is extremely important at three months of age, as you can track the calorie intake and the time after which the pet needs to be taken outside.

The frequency of feeding a puppy at 3 months of age is individual and ranges from 3 to 5 meals per day. The smaller the dog is, the more often it should eat. Deliberately increasing the portion of food when the puppy is not ready for this leads to an overstretching of the stomach, which is fraught with overeating and weight gain in the future.