Feeding the puppy
Having brought a baby puppy into the house, it is recommended to feed it for the first time (1-2 weeks) according to the breeder’s scheme. the same food, with the same dosage and frequency. The puppy gets stress due to separation from its mother and brothers, change of environment, transportation, vaccination There is no need to aggravate it by the lack of familiar food.
For more information on what else a puppy will need in the first days in your house, read a separate article.
If for any reason this diet does not suit the new owners, it should be changed only after the adaptation period. In different representatives of the breed, it goes differently. someone worries for a long time, someone gets used to it right away. Gradually, over the course of several weeks, a new menu is being introduced. Each component is added sequentially so that it is possible to track down the product that is undesirable for this particular crumbs.
In addition, there are a number of foods that are good for an adult dog, but undesirable for a toddler up to a certain age. So, vegetables. the main source of coarse fiber. are advised to be introduced not earlier than 4 months and cook only steamed, offal (boiled liver, lung, heart). not earlier than 9 months.
When using ready-made dry food, experienced owners recommend soaking them before use for at least 4 months.
Spitz children are given lean meat and boiled yolks. Cereals. rice, buckwheat and rolled oats. Of fermented milk products, low-fat cottage cheese (up to 10% fat) and kefir are useful. To facilitate the change of teeth, goat and calf cartilage, sugar bones (only raw!).
What food to feed the Spitz when choosing drying feeding
Manufacturers of finished feeds provide a lot of types of their products, with different compositions, purposes and prices.
When buying good food, you can hope that you will not come across an option with artificial colors, flavors and preservatives, harmful fillers such as cellulose or ground walnut shells, and slaughterhouse waste instead of meat (and this is not only veins and cartilage, but also horns, hooves, etc.). etc.).
Spitz will only fit premium or super-premium food and holistic (modern animal feed based on animal proteins, without antibiotics, hormones, pesticides, etc.).
For small dogs of decorative breeds, for puppies of decorative breeds, for indoor dogs, for obese, elderly, weakened. a choice for every taste. The task of the owner of a fluffy is to choose the most suitable option for his pet.
When choosing a feed, it is important to carefully read the composition and pay attention to:
- labeling on the packaging. only premium, super-premium, holistic;
- composition. must be completely and in Russian;
- what it is obtained from. the type of meat, whether it is whole or crushed;
- digestibility. the less the norm per day is indicated, the higher the digestibility;
- specific gravity of protein. not less than 25%; meat should be at the top of the list;
- the fact that vegetables and cereals should be no more than 30% and are detailed, which and how much;
- a list of vitamins and additives, their concentration (vitamins of group B, A, D, C, E, PP are required)
- a list of micro- and macroelements. potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, iodine);
- naturalness of preservatives. extracts, herbal oils, vitamins C and E
The daily rate is usually indicated on the package. this must be taken into account and divided by the number of feedings for your animal. The norm specified by the manufacturer must be observed.
Premium foods such as Flatazor, BioMill, Pro Pac, Happy Dog, etc. are often chosen. Super Premium: Iams, ProPlan, Royal Canin, Nutro Choice, 1st Choice, Hills, Eukanuba, Bosch, Patrit and etc. Holistics: Acana, Chicken Sup, Orijen, Innova, Innova Evo, Canidae, Felidae, Eagle Pack Holistic Select, Golden Eagle ), Pinnacle, Berkley, etc.
How to feed your Spitz correctly when choosing natural food
It should be remembered that adorable pussies are predators, descendants of peat dogs. First of all, they need meat, and cereals and vegetables are added for a full-fledged balanced diet. The proportions are: ⅓ meat porridge vegetables.
|Products||Spitz products||Cooking method||Contains|
|Meat||beef, veal, lean lamb, chicken, turkey, horse meat||boil for 1-2 minutes in boiling water. When giving raw, scald with boiling water. Serve in slices (minced meat is less digestible)||source of essential amino acids (protein)|
(do not replace meat, given once a week)
|liver, heart, scar||bring to a boil, cut into slices||vitamin A|
|Vegetables||carrots, beets (only boiled), cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, broccoli, cucumber, bell pepper, tomato||wipe raw, add with 1 tsp of olive oil or sour cream. Can be steamed or lightly stewed||fiber, vitamins|
|Cereals||rice, buckwheat, rolled oats
(no more than 10% of the daily portion)
|boil, mix with meat||carbohydrates|
|Dairy products||cottage cheese and kefir with no fat content
more than 10%
|Fruit||banana, apple, pear, plum, apricot, persimmon, melon, watermelon, dried fruits, dried apricots, prunes||vitamins|
|Greens||parsley, dill, spinach, green onions||raw||vitamins PP, C, E, B1, B2, A; potassium, calcium, phosphorus, folic acid, beta-carotene|
|Low-fat fish||sea fish, river fish, squid||just boil, take out all the bones||vitamins A, B6, B12, D, E; protein, Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, amino acids; iodine, phosphorus, magnesium, fluorine, calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, fluorine|
|Eggs||chicken or quail yolk (2 pcs per week)||boiled, omelet||vitamins A, B6, B12, B2, D, E; calcium, iodine, selenium, zinc, magnesium, iron, phosphorus; protein, choline (B4)|
|Nutritional supplements (vitamins, micro- and macroelements), high-quality (preferably salmon) fish oil|
The daily norm for meat is as follows: 25-30 g x 1 kg of body weight of a Spitz. The share of vegetables and fruits in the diet should not exceed 10%. Only seasonal vegetables and fruits will be useful. indigestion can occur from greenhouse and exotic ones.
How to feed your dog on natural food
The products are prepared separately, the ingredients are mixed immediately before feeding. Serve warm.
Ideally, food should be eaten actively and completely. Long, thorough licking of the bowl after a meal indicates insufficient ration. you need to think about increasing the portion in one of the feedings. If a portion is not eaten in 10-15 minutes, it is excessive. The leftovers are removed and the next feeding the dose is reduced.
Treats for Spitz
Caring hosts often make wholesome natural treats themselves, without the use of salt or sugar. These are various cookies with the addition of dried apricots, prunes, honey, apples, liver, lungs and other products), and crispy broth-based delicacies, and delicacies from dried liver and lungs. There are many recipes, and one thing unites them. they are all safe for the health of the pet and made with love.
Treats are used to reward good behavior, are not used in training or in the daily diet.
Features of feeding Spitz of different breeds
The ideal menu for dogs should take into account factors such as age, weight, height of the animal, physical condition and level of stress received. Spitz breeds differ only in size, weight, length of muzzles, ears, tail set, hair, color.
Any nutritional nuances are usually not indicated specifically for the breed groups of Spitz. All Spitz are active and prone to overeating due to their small size and increased affection.
Of course, for tiny zwergspits only 18-22 cm tall, the daily food intake differs from a tall wolfspitz with a height of 43-55 cm! And the Kleinspitz (height 23-29 cm) will eat the same as the larger Middle Spitz and Gross Spitz (30-38 and 42-50 cm at the withers, respectively), only in smaller quantities.
How to feed your Spitz correctly
The adorable furry Spitz will captivate everyone who sees them at first sight. Miniature size, gentle lively look and, of course, long luxurious coat are the calling card of the breed. Amazing beauty is combined in them with the stability of health. Spitz usually do not suffer from genetic diseases.
However, feeding the animal correctly is essential for great looks and well-being. Only a verified, calculated diet guarantees a long active life of a pet.
What can you feed your Spitz
Your pet’s health, attractive appearance and good mood directly depend on what he eats. There may be several options:
- feeding with natural products
- combined (mixed) feeding
- ready-made food (dry food, canned food)
Each option has pros and cons.
In the case of choosing natural feeding, the owner clearly knows what his dog is eating and of what quality. This is a definite plus. there is less risk of spoiling digestion with a low-quality product. The downside is that such a diet is more difficult to balance and takes a certain amount of time and effort to prepare. In addition, you need to know the norms and nuances of using products.
For a Spitz per day for 1 kg of weight, you will need:
|Vitamins and minerals||For puppies||For adult dogs|
|A||0.06 mg||0.03 mg|
|D||0.005 mg||0.000175 mg|
|FROM||1 mg||1 mg|
|B2||90 mg||40 mg|
|B6||50 mg||20 mg|
|B12||0.7 mg||0.7 mg|
|H||0.5 mg||0.5 mg|
|E||2 mg||2 mg|
|Ca (calcium)||528 mg||264 mg|
|P (phosphorus)||440 mg||220 mg|
|Fe (iron)||1.32 mg||1.32 mg|
|Zn (zinc)||0.11 mg||0.11 mg|
|Lipids (fats)||2.64 g||1.32 g|
|Carbohydrates||10 g||10 g|
Ready-made food saves time and effort, and is convenient to use when traveling. In addition, they already have all the necessary vitamins and minerals, and in the right proportions. But you need to know how to choose the right feed manufacturer (further we will tell you how to do this).
The downside here is the possible dishonesty of the manufacturer and the high price of good quality feed.
Mixed feeding might look like this:
- 1st feeding. 1 portion of dry food;
- 2nd. meat and vegetables;
- 3rd. fermented milk products;
- 4th. grated vegetables / fruits 1 tsp of olive oil;
- 5th. meat and vegetables;
- 6th. fish / seafood, casas, vegetables
How to feed a mini spitz is the choice of its owner. It is only important that the transition from one type of feeding to another is carried out gradually, within at least a week. At the slightest manifestation of ill health (loose stools, lethargy, etc.), you should consult a veterinarian or veterinary dietitian.
If you decide to feed the Pomeranian only dry food, then you should know all the pros and cons of this diet:
The advantages of such a diet include the following points:
- saving time and effort;
- the composition of the dry food is already properly balanced;
- extra supplements are not needed;
- dry food packaging is easy to store;
- if you are constantly on the road, then this type of food is most acceptable.
There is only one drawback of such food. the high price. A Pomeranian puppy cannot be fed with cheap dry food, otherwise you will ruin his not only stomach, but also completely physical development.
Super premium class
Food of this type is practically similar to natural products, since they include whole meat or fish, barley, oats, rice, dry tomatoes. Fats, proteins and carbohydrates are properly balanced, resulting in a very low absorption rate.
There are three types of feeding the German Pomeranian:
- dry food;
- natural products;
Many breeders prefer dry food, while others feed their pet only natural products. But you need to remember that at first the puppy must be fed with the same food that the breeder fed him.
Whichever method of feeding your puppy you choose, the diet must be in a balanced diet. Only feed the Pomeranian on the advice of your veterinarian. Excess will disrupt the harmony in the physical development of the puppy.
In order for the puppy’s stomach to be able to digest food, it is necessary to give him food in small portions.
Feed your Pomeranian five times a day for up to three months, and by six months, reduce your food intake to three times a day. From the age of seven months, feeding the puppy twice a day will be sufficient.
Now let’s take a closer look at each type of feeding.
Forbidden to use
To avoid compromising your puppy’s health, avoid the following foods:
- flour products;
- porridge: millet, pearl barley, semolina;
- products: salted, spicy, fatty, smoked, pickled;
Choosing the right one
Small breed food is suitable for Pomeranian Spitz. Before purchasing a suitable food, read the recommendations on the packaging and take into account the age of your dog. Remember. there should be water next to food, which must be changed three to four times a day.
If your pet has health problems, it may be allergic to some type of food. In this case, purchase special medicated or hypoallergenic food. But first, be sure to consult your veterinarian.
There are currently four dog food options:
- Economy class;
- premium class;
- super premium class;
- holistic. new generation feed.
To understand if the food is right for your puppy, you need to carefully read the composition written on the box. All ingredients included in the dry food menu must be listed in detail.
If the feed is of good quality, then the manufacturer puts meat in the first place with an indication of its type, for example, chicken meat. The percentage of meat must be at least thirty.
The percentage of digestibility of the product is an important point in the quality of dry food. The lower the “feed rates” for grooming, the better. In other words, a small amount of food should be enough for the dog per day.
On the pack of food should indicate the required amount of phosphorus, calcium for different age categories of dogs.
Also, a good dry food menu should include the following components:
- cereals and vegetables. thirty percent;
- vitamins E, C;
- natural preservatives, be careful. acids, salts, sodium nitrite should not be there;
- herbs or oils from them;
- supplements to enhance immunity;
- supplements designed for proper growth and strengthening of joints and bones.
If a pack of dry food describes ingredients such as by-products, chemical additives, dyes, flavors, sugar, cellulose, then this is a cheap economy class food.
Consider the last three options, since the economy class will not suit a dwarf Pomeranian at all.
How to feed the Pomeranian
The care of the German Pomeranian also includes such an important point as the feeding regime. Physical health, the quality of the coat, the condition of the teeth. all this directly depends on the diet of your pet. Also, a miniature dog often has problems digesting food, so take a responsible approach to the issue of feeding. How, what and how many times a day to feed the Pomeranian, you will learn from this article.
You can choose 1st choice food in order to be sure of the quality. After all, Canada, as a manufacturing country, monitors the production standards and composition of food for dogs.
- meat is more than 30%;
- vitamins and minerals;
One of the features is a variety of lines, a sufficient amount of protein and protein, which is enough for the development of the Pomeranian.
England has been producing feed Arden Grunge since the last century. The food belongs to the super premium class, more than 20 lines of feed have been developed.
- meat is more than 30%;
- rice about 20%;
- chicken fat;
Remember that the main advantages of nutrition are high proteins (which is important for growing and active animals), the use of natural ingredients.
Arden Grunge is especially recommended for improving the condition of the coat, the mood of the animal and the restoration of the stool.
Feeding a Pomeranian puppy
It is also important to decide how to properly feed a Pomeranian puppy and how many times a day. In this matter, it all depends on age and physical activity:
- the dog is fed up to five times at 2-3 months;
- in 4-5 months up to four times;
- from 6-8 months food is given three times;
- and after a year of life they switch to two meals a day.
Of the basic rules of nutrition for the Pomeranian, there are several:
- up to three months, be sure to give natural milk;
- the portion is determined on an individual basis: see how much the puppy ate. If there are leftovers in the plate, then you need to reduce the portion;
- for puppies up to six months of life, the best products will be boiled rice with low-fat chicken, kefir, cottage cheese.
Recommended food: Hill`s SP ADULT Small Miniature, 1st choice Puppy ToySmall Breeds, Royal Canin X-Small Junior, Bosch Puppy.
Spitz diseases and prevention with feed
Regardless of how to feed the Pomeranian, a number of diseases associated with the diminutiveness of the animal can occur. But they can be cured or avoided with the help of prophylaxis with special feeds.
So, problems with teeth and bad breath are solved with ROYAL CANIN with large croquettes that remove tartar, strengthen teeth and heal gums. They also recommend food from the Hills company.
Summit or Stout is best for building bones and joints. And for obesity and intestinal diseases, give holistic, dietary food. Akana, Kanide. Artemis is best for treating kidney stones and other kidney diseases.
Natural food for the Pomeranian
From what is better to feed your Spitz at home, opt for:
- meat in the form of beef and chicken;
- fresh vegetables;
- on cereals in the form of buckwheat, rice;
- fruits, such as pears or apples;
- dairy products;
- vitamin baits;
- sea fish;
- chicken, or better quail eggs, but not more often than 1 time in 3 days;
- olive oil;
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR GERMAN SPITZ
It is important that the Pomeranian spitz receives at least 25 g of meat per 1 kg of animal weight per day. Porridge in the diet should be at least 30% of the total diet.
Remember that meat should be served boiled, sometimes raw, but only for mature Spitz. Porridge is always served at room temperature, boiled offal, and vegetables fresh.
Ready meals for the Pomeranian
First of all, let’s decide what kind of food is better to feed the Pomeranian, what you can and how to do it correctly.
- Arden grunge;
- Fest Choice.
All of these feeds belong to the super premium class or holistic, therefore, only natural products were used in the manufacture, they contain the largest proportion of meat and there are no chemicals.
It is important that the meat share is at least 25%, vegetables and fruits, vitamins and minerals are also present.
Veterinarians advise choosing lines designed for small and decorative dogs with maintaining the density of the coat. Since the main feature of the Pomeranian is thick, fluffy and airy coat.
How to feed a Pomeranian
It’s no secret that small dogs require more care and maintenance than large ones. This is especially true of nutrition and dietary choices. Therefore, the question “how to feed the Pomeranian” will arise in any case. It should be noted right away that most breeders recommend special lines of food, and not natural food. Although the latter option is acceptable, but subject to the portion and the right choice of products.
When choosing what else you can feed the dwarf spitz, refer to the Kanide food, which is made in America, and belongs to the super premium class, there are also lines of holistic.
- several types of meat;
- vitamins and minerals.
The main advantage of the Kanide food is a large proportion of meat from natural products, the use of complete mineral complexes and permitted flavorings. If you choose not holistic, then the composition of the diet will be more varied and rich.
By the way, Grain Free Pure Sky with turkey and duck is most suitable for the Pomeranian, which prevents allergies and speeds up metabolism.
Requirements for the energy value of food for the German and Pomeranian
Since these are two varieties of the same breed, there are no differences in nutritional habits. The correct diet is two-thirds of proteins and one-third of vegetables and cereals.
Everyday meals should contain vitamins A, D, C, which help to increase immunity and vitamin E, which makes the skin of your pets healthy, B vitamins, high-quality fats, Omega 6, fiber, sodium and potassium chlorides, potassium phosphate. that’s far from it. a complete list of essential micronutrients Spitz.
First of all, take care of the correct balance of carbohydrates, minerals, proteins, fats, vitamins and water. An excess or deficiency of each of these elements can be hazardous to your pet’s health.
The percentage of protein in the diet is at least 30%, especially in puppies. It has a positive effect on the formation of the immune system and skeleton.
The percentage of cereals should cover no more than 10%. It’s good to add unrefined vegetable oil to any food, but don’t overdo it as it can lead to an upset stomach for your pet.
After the puppy has stopped drinking mother’s milk, five meals a day are recommended from two months:
At three to four months, the puppy can be fed four times a day:
For a 5-month-old Pomeranian, reduce the number of meals up to three times, making sure that all the elements necessary for the puppy are balanced.
How many times a day to feed
While the puppy is tiny and feeds on breast milk, his instincts themselves regulate the number of meals, as a rule, he feeds after each awakening. Well, then try to calculate empirically the required amount, taking into account the specifics of his age.
As a rule, at the age of two months, he is “prescribed” five meals a day. Remember that the ventricle is tiny, so the portions should be small.
At three months old, your young friend begins to feel like a “person” and to show character. Eating on a schedule is for weaklings. In such situations, reduce the amount by up to four times.
If the little rebel continues to reject the food on offer, then cut back on portion sizes, not the number of meals. Then, up to seven months, switch to three meals a day and watch his appetite.
If your pet’s eyes are falling out of their sockets from hunger and he hangs around in despair near an empty bowl, feel free to appoint additional snacks between the main ones.
Well, if your Pomeranian resembles the most cited Shakespearean character and is in thought “To eat or not to eat”, the number of tricks and the amount of portions can be reduced.
Additional feeding is necessary during molting, in winter, for pregnant and lactating “mothers”.
It is recommended to feed an adult dog once or twice a day.
Diet of Spitz
Feeding these tiny little balls of happiness in the early stages of their lives is not an easy task. Everything should be thought out to the smallest detail. Better yet, imagine that you are choosing a diet for your baby.
A person can throw a couple of dry sandwiches into his stomach and operate on this fuel all day, but such a Focus will not work with a spitz even in an adult state.
How to feed a Spitz and how to do it correctly
How to feed a Spitz and how to do it correctly, we will analyze in this article. How to choose dry food, what to look for in the first place. the main points that we will analyze.
Feeding dry food
For the last half century, the owners have pampered pets with dry food. The main advantages of “drying” lie on the surface. no need to “steam” and think over the daily diet, calculate the ratio of proteins and carbohydrates, in the end, there is no need to stand at the stove and cook.
Opening and pouring are two actions that are required of you. In addition, there is not always a refrigerator and necessary products at hand. But if you have tender feelings for your baby, think about the following information.
The composition of feed often contains such “pests” as pesticides, chemical additives, soybeans with its hard-to-digest proteins, hormones, cheap cereals, salt in large quantities, synthetic additives, fragrances and sweeteners.
Basically, the manufacture of animal feed is a kind of appendix of the human nutrition industry. It is on the basis of waste from the production of human food that animal feed is made.
When feeding dry food, it is important to give your pet enough water.
It is believed that high protein diets lead to kidney disease. However, it all depends on the quality of the protein. It should be easily absorbed by the body, without forcing your animals to spend huge resources on processing it.
How to potty train a Japanese Spitz puppy? Easy yet Effective Technique
And finally. If you buy, then only premium class.
In the first year of life, in no case give the Spitz “drying”, you can afford to be lazy only during the period when the pet’s body is already fully formed.
Now it is fashionable and advisable to buy food, characterized by the overseas word “holistic” (translated from Greek means holistic). It’s kind of a super duper premium class.
It uses only high quality products, meat ranges from 50 to 80%. In general, this food is close to human.
Feeding Spitz with natural products
A dog, even a cute Spitz, is a carnivorous animal, and meat will be the best food for it, especially beef and lean lamb at the rate of 20-25 g per kilogram of weight (remember: sausage is not meat).
Of the fish, seafood is preferable. The worms living in it do not take root in the dog’s body, unlike river fish, besides, the bones of river fish can lead to serious injuries to your puppy.
Hake, navaga and pollock are fine for feeding, while horse mackerel, capelin and mackerel will be fatty. Carbohydrates for dogs should be obtained from rice and buckwheat.
Vegetables are also necessary, but remember that dogs do not absorb vitamin A from carrots. Unlike humans, they get it from liver, eggs, sour milk, in general, animal products.
And they produce vitamin C on their own, so it is not necessary to select special products to fix it in the body.
Feel free to give your pets black loaf croutons, prunes and dried apricots.
There are a number of simple rules, following them, you will significantly improve the condition of the pet’s digestive system:
Food additives can be added to feed:
How to choose the right dry food
When choosing dry food, start from the following criteria.
Up to a month
Up to a month, babies are with the breeder and feed on mother’s milk. For the first time, puppies are shown a different food at 3 weeks of age. As the first complementary food for German (including Pomeranian) Spitz use soft curd or scraped frozen meat.
It is not recommended to use minced meat, it is better to give puppies very small chopped pieces.
The first complementary food can be started with semi-liquid buckwheat porridge, cooked with the addition of milk. Puppies are given only one type of food per day, and the portions should be very small. If the stomachs of the babies have digested the new product well, in the next feeding, its amount is slightly increased.
Features of the breed
The German Spitz is the oldest dog breed. The standard was adopted by the FCI organization back in 1957.
A feature of the breed are internal growth varieties with special color requirements:
- The largest is considered the Keeshond or Wolfspitz. At the withers, such dogs reach 55 cm.Only one color is allowed. zone-gray.
- Large Spitz or Grossspitz. The maximum height of these dogs is 50 cm. Available colors: black, white, brown.
- Medium Spitz or Middle Spitz. The maximum height is 38 cm.The colors allowed by the standard are: zone-gray, black, white, brown, orange, etc.
- Small Spitz or Kleinspitz. The upper limit of growth is 29 cm.The colors are identical to the middle spitz.
- Miniature Spitz or Orange. The maximum height of these animals is 22 cm.The colors are completely identical to the middlegammon.
All varieties of the German Spitz have a square body format. The coat of such dogs is quite tough, and the soft and thick undercoat does not allow the guard hair to fit snugly to the body.
INTERESTING! German Spitz are great companions. They become attached to the family, loudly notify the owners about strangers. Any Spitz, regardless of size, lends itself well to training.
The smallest Pomeranian Spitz are most often found. There are several intra-breed types: “fox”, “baby dollar” and “bear”. The first type is considered standard. The appearance of the chanterelle orange fully meets the requirements of the description of the breed: an elongated muzzle, an almond-shaped eye shape, a narrow lower jaw.
Bear Pomeranians have a wider and slightly flattened muzzle, a rounded head, and round and close-set eyes. Due to the thick fur on the cheekbones, the effect of “chubby cheeks” is created.
The intermediate type is “baby dollar”. The length of the muzzle in such dogs is shorter than that of chanterelles, but slightly longer than that of cubs. Pomerances of this type are rare in Russia.
6 months to 1 year
From 6 months to 1 year old, the portions of the Spitz remain the same. During this period, the active growth of the animal ends, the pet practically reaches its adult size. The number of feedings up to 7 months does not change, but by the year the dog is transferred to two meals a day.
Dry food for Spitz
- Holistic (Acana, Barking Heads, GO! Etc.). These feeds are considered elite. Holistica contains up to 70% of high quality animal protein derived from meat, not offal. Many diets do not contain cereals; instead, fruits and vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, apples, etc.) act as carbohydrate sources. Holistic food is enriched with probiotics, mineral and vitamin supplements of high quality.
- Super premium (Belcando, 1st Choice, Arden Grange, etc.). Such diets contain up to 30-40% animal protein. Meat is used for the production of super premium class feed. Carbohydrates are represented by cereals, which are perfectly absorbed by the Spitz’s body (maize, rice, etc.). The composition also includes vegetables, fruits, berries, which enrich the feed with vitamins. Super premium diets are free of flavors and harmful colors for dogs.
- Premium (ProPlan, ProBalance, Purina One, etc.). The quality of these rations is inferior to holistic and super premium food. Animal protein can be represented not only by meat, but also by-products. Some of the proteins are of plant origin. Cereals are represented by corn, wheat and their derivatives. The premium food also contains vitamins and minerals, but their amount is noticeably less. Some diets may contain flavors.
- Economy (Pedigree, Meal, Darling, Chappi, etc.). These rations are of poor quality. The main component is cereals and their processed products. Sources of animal proteins can be by-products and waste from meat processing plants. The composition includes a minimum amount of fortified supplements. Many diets (Darling, Chappy, etc.) contain colors and flavors.
Only holistic or super premium food can be used as the main diet for German Spitz, especially for small puppies.
Rules for feeding “natural
The basis of the Spitz’s natural diet is meat. It is better to choose low-fat varieties: veal, turkey, rabbit, chicken (in the absence of allergies). The pet eats meat per day in the amount of 50-60% of the total daily requirement. This product can be offered raw or scalded to Spitz, but it is pre-frozen for a long time.
Two or three times a week, meat can be replaced with offal, but the puppy is introduced to them not earlier than 3 months. Spitz happily eat rumen, lung, liver, kidneys (pre-soaked in cold water), trachea, pikal meat, etc.
They start giving fish to babies from 3-4 months. For Spitz, marine varieties are suitable. All bones must be removed from the fillet so that the small pet does not choke. This product is given to an animal every 7 days, completely replacing meat.
Spitz must be given fermented milk products (up to 30% of the daily requirement). During the period of active growth (from 2 to 6-7 months), cottage cheese is fed to the pet daily. This food is rich in calcium. This substance is involved in the formation of bone and cartilage tissue. Also, up to 5 times a week, the pet is offered kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt, natural yoghurts.
Spitz gets carbohydrates from cereals. Their number should not exceed 15% of the daily value. Porridge is boiled in water or low-fat broth. Suitable for cereals: buckwheat, long-grain or brown rice, oatmeal (2-3 times a week).
The pet gets fats from egg yolks. Spitz are very fond of boiled quail eggs, they are fed 1-2 times a week in an amount of 2-3 pieces. Instead, you can offer your pet half a chicken egg.
INTERESTING! The diet must include vegetables: zucchini, cucumbers, carrots, some cauliflower. These products can be fed to the Spitz both raw and cooked. From fruit, the dog is given apples, plums or pitted apricots, pears.
At the age of 1 month, small Spitz are fed up to 6 times a day. During this period, they are still with their mother and feed on her milk, but at the same time they consume a lot of solid food (up to 50-70% of the daily requirement).
In a month the baby receives about 40 grams of meat, 20 grams of vegetables and fruits, 30 grams of fermented milk products. You can also include some cereals in the Spitz‘s diet (up to 20 grams ready-made).
How to feed a Spitz puppy
Dog breeders use three types of pet feeding.
Each of them has both advantages and disadvantages.
- Natural diet. The main advantage of this type of feeding is the ability to create a balanced and varied menu. This diet can be adjusted to suit the needs of a particular dog. Another plus is that the owner knows exactly what products his pet uses. The disadvantage of this type of nutrition can be attributed to the need to include additional vitamin supplements in the diet. Also, a natural menu takes time to prepare food.
- Ready-made feed. Such a product is completely balanced and satisfies almost all the needs of the Spitz‘s body. Croutons are stored for a long time, do not require time to cook. With this type of nutrition, the animal must receive a strict feed rate, it is calculated by the weight of the pet. For Spitz, rations of a class of at least super-premium are suitable, otherwise diseases of the gastrointestinal tract may develop.
- Mixed diet. Veterinarians and breeders categorically do not recommend this type of nutrition, since when mixing ready-made feed and natural products, metabolic processes in the Spitz‘s body are disrupted. An excess of protein with additional feeding of a pet with meat or fermented milk products leads to the development of liver and kidney diseases.
At 2 months, the puppy eats up to 5 times a day. The diet remains the same, only the portion size increases:
- meat up to 60 gr;
- cereals up to 30 gr;
- vegetables up to 30 gr;
- fermented milk products up to 30-40 gr.