What can you give?
Monthly puppies must be fed only with fresh food, since even a small deviation from the expiration date threatens to poison the pet. The main component of the diet, of course, is meat. This product should make up almost 40% of all food eaten by the puppy. As a rule, the amount required is determined by a simple rule: there should be 30 grams of meat products per kilogram of animal weight. A puppy who has grown up to the age of one month is allowed to offer raw, boiled or simply scalded product.
If the dog belongs to a large breed and in the future it will become a guard, then it is better to give it raw meat immediately. Skinless chicken is perfect for pets. In addition, the diet should include veal, turkey and beef, as well as offal, such as hearts or liver.
For greater convenience, all meat products are cut into small pieces. Fish should be added to the puppy’s diet, but in moderation. only a couple of times a month.
It is better to choose white meat that contains a small amount of seeds. River fish for babies is not recommended precisely because of the increased bone content. Boiling the product is optional, but recommended to avoid helminth infestation. In those meals, when the puppy is given fish, there is no need to cook the meat.
Milk is required for dogs during the first 4-6 months of life. Both cow’s and goat’s milk will work, but the latter is considered more suitable as it does not cause allergies. It is better to dilute cow’s milk with drinking water to avoid diarrhea. Milk is removed from the diet when the puppy is 6 months old, but this is done gradually so as not to stress the animal. In addition to milk, you cannot do without fermented milk products, which are the main source of calcium and contribute to proper digestion.
Products such as cottage cheese, kefir and low-fat sour cream are suitable. During training, it is not forbidden to give the dog a piece of cheese as a treat.
Cereals are just as important as other foods in a dog’s diet, but they are still in third place after meat and dairy products. For feeding the pets, rice, oatmeal, buckwheat and semolina porridge cooked in milk are selected. However, when offering a baby such a dish, it is important to watch out if it will cause an upset stomach. If trouble happens, then this cereal should be removed from the diet for 10 days.
Vegetables provide your dog with essential vitamins. Typically, carrots, beets, squash and pumpkin are used. They are added to the diet in small quantities and must be stewed. In rare cases, the animal is offered eggs. either raw or boiled. You can also enrich your meals with a little greens. Fruits, dried fruits and berries are used as animal treats. In principle, dry food is not prohibited for puppies one month old, but not all experts approve of it.
The product must be of high quality and contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
A one month old puppy eats 6 times a day. Alternatively, as the first meal, you can offer him cottage cheese mixed with kefir, and then feed him twice with rice porridge with meat and grated vegetables. This is followed by cottage cheese again, and then the same porridge with meat and vegetables, but already buckwheat. As a final dish, rice or buckwheat porridge with meat, but without vegetables, or just meat is suitable.
Another option for the daily diet begins with milk porridge or cottage cheese with sour cream, offered at 7:30. Then at 10:30 the puppy receives a mixture of porridge, cut into small pieces of meat and boiled carrots. At 13:30 it is enough for him to drink milk, but at 16:30 repeat the meat porridge with vegetables. At 7:30 pm, the dog can be offered milk porridge with pieces of fruit or other dairy product, and the day can be finished with pieces of raw meat at 10:30 pm.
Speaking about the diet of babies, one cannot but mention its enrichment with vitamins. The easiest to use is fish oil, which increases from 3 drops to a teaspoon per day.
Suitable as a vitamin supplement and seaweed, finely chopped and offered in the amount of a quarter teaspoon. The hosts also use brewer’s yeast, bone meal, calcium glucanate or calcium glycerophosphate. In addition, raw vegetables, chopped to a porridge state, or pitted sea fish can be a vitamin supplement.
How and what to feed puppies at the age of 1 month?
When buying a small puppy, the first step is to learn the rules for feeding it. If you find out from the very beginning what and how to feed your pet, then in the future it will be possible to ensure the harmonious development of the animal.
First feeding rules
The first complementary feeding is carried out in the third or fourth week of a puppy’s life in the case when he is with the mother and has the opportunity to regularly receive her milk. In the case when there are more than 8 individuals in the litter, or the puppy is fed artificially from bottles, then complementary foods will have to be introduced from 7 to 10 days of the puppy’s life, when he recovers. It is customary to give sheep or goat milk as the first food, to which a fresh egg is added. The liquid first warms up a little, and the egg mixes well. It is important that this product is free of harmful bacteria.
First, it is better to offer milk to the pet in a container with a nipple, and when he gets acquainted with the new food, pour it into a saucer.
So the puppies will gradually begin to master the skill of lapping. Naturally, all this will not happen too neatly, therefore, after completing the feeding, the animal’s muzzle should be wiped off. Once the dog has mastered the lacquering of egg milk, you can move on to liquid porridge, also boiled in milk. Experts recommend starting with oatmeal or ground oatmeal. One or two eggs are added to a pan of porridge, boiled for the entire droppings.
At the same stage, it is also recommended to add cottage cheese to the diet of dogs, because the calcined product is intended for the prevention of rickets. For puppies, it is prepared as follows: a liter of milk is brought to a boil, after which about 4 tablespoons of calcium chloride are added to it.
After mixing the substance, it is necessary to discard the cottage cheese, knead it and mix it with whey to form a liquid gruel. The remaining serum can be offered to the lactating female.
From the 14th day, minced meat is added to the puppies’ diet. The product must be fresh, frozen and then thawed. For small dogs, veal, turkey or rabbit are suitable, that is, a delicate and low-fat product. Minced meat is offered only after the puppies have drunk their mother’s milk or from a bottle.
What can not be fed?
The list of foods prohibited for puppies is the same as for adults. Dogs should not be given sweets and starchy foods, smoked meats, lamb with pork, as well as legumes. Dishes must be prepared without the use of spices, and the long bones of birds should also be avoided.
In addition, puppies should not be fed from their table, as their gastrointestinal tract will simply not be able to digest human food.
Problems can range from common indigestion to death. Particularly dangerous are the remains of sausages or sausages, as well as bony river fish.
Puppies 1 month old should be sure to eat at the same time in moderation to avoid stomach distension. Both excess food and starvation will have disastrous consequences. Food should be varied and rich in vitamins and other useful elements. It is necessary to organize for the dog and constant access to drinking water, especially if the basis of his diet is dry food.
The food itself should be neither cold nor hot, but rather at room temperature. If the animal refuses to eat, then the bowl should simply be removed before the next meal. The plate must be located at the level of the animal’s muzzle. If dry food is purchased, then you need to take only one that corresponds to the age of the animal.
The mixtures are available in economy, premium and super-premium classes, but only the last two are recommended for use for small animals.
Quite often, dog owners make a gross mistake by combining natural and dry food. This is not allowed, you only need to choose one type of food. Dry food will never replace natural food, and even being chosen as the main food, it should be supplemented with mineral complexes. The amount of dry food is determined depending on the size of the animal and its age. How to determine the norm for your animal is indicated on the package.
For the dog, you will have to have two bowls. for water and for food. The kids will initially have to be taught their location, which should remain the same. The water will have to be changed once a day, and the food container should be rinsed and wiped after each meal. To understand if a puppy is getting enough food, you need to look at his behavior. In the case when the animal stays at the bowl for a long time, licks the container and collects crumbs, it is clearly malnourished, then the portion size should be slightly increased.
If food remains in the bowl on a regular basis, this indicates excessive portion sizes.
In addition, the appearance of the pet speaks of satisfying the dog’s food needs. When the food is chosen correctly, the dog pleases the owners with the look of shiny coat and healthy teeth, as well as cheerfulness. The absence of these conditions indicates a violation of the feeding process.
It is also worth mentioning that the breed of the animal has little effect on what foods and in what quantities they should receive. For puppies of large breeds, meals with increased m of protein are required. In addition, it is important to ensure that they do not overeat, which threatens the appearance of skeletal pathologies. Small breeds require regular vitamin supplementation to prevent the development of heart disease. Dachshunds need foods rich in fluoride and calcium to strengthen their spine.
How to feed your puppy, see below.
Basic rules for feeding a Pomeranian Spitz
Do not take the puppy from the mother earlier than 6 weeks, or even better wait for 10 weeks and vaccinations.
Spitz needs to be fed at least 2 times a day, ideally. 3 meals a day.
When taking your puppy, do not forget to find out what the baby is used to eating from the breeder. Keep the same diet for the first week so that the orange is less nervous about the changes in his furry life.
Given the tendency to be overweight, feeds should be frequent and small meals. Feeding a Spitz less than 2-3 times a day is dangerous. In this case, it is better to leave the pet feeder with dry food.
Pomeranian Spitz. how to feed, what to feed, what problems arise
The Pomeranian is an incredibly charming dog. Her cute expression on the muzzle, hair forming a shaggy ball around the dog’s body, and good-natured nature make the Spitz more popular day by day. This resilient companion dog is winning the hearts of fans, forcing more and more people to bring home the furry wonder. In order for the Pomeranian to grow up a handsome man, it is important to feed it properly.
Features associated with the metabolism of Spitz
The Pomeranian is a miniature decorative dog. Like any pet of compact size, the orange has a very active metabolism, accompanied by an excellent appetite.
As a result, the Spitz can gain weight quickly. Given the miniature size of the dog, even an extra 200-300 grams will be critical for the dog’s cardiovascular system, cause shortness of breath and create unnecessary stress on the joints.
The Pomeranian has a very active metabolism, which can lead to weight gain.
The Pomeranian has one more feature, also associated with a rapid metabolism. Glucose, which is the source of energy for all cells in the dog’s body, is rapidly released from the blood into the cells during this metabolism. In this case, if the dog has not eaten for a long time, symptoms of hypoglycemia develop.
Important! Weigh your pet often and note the weight on the calendar. As soon as a large weight gain becomes noticeable, the Spitz is threatened with a diet.
Low blood glucose deprives the brain of nutrition in the first place. The puppy (and the state of glycemia is the lot of very young Pomeranians) becomes drowsy and lethargic. If the puppy falls asleep in this state, it will be extremely difficult to wake him up.
First aid in this case consists in an injection of glucose from an ampoule or you can give the puppy some sweet water. In order to avoid hypoglycemia, you need to closely monitor whether the dog has eaten. This is especially problematic if there are several puppies, and some of their babies may be left without food due to shyness.
How to feed a dog after six months
Starting from six months and older, a Pomeranian puppy eats almost like an adult. 3 times a day. Milk porridge is rarely received, only if the orange has a special fondness for it. The basis of the diet is meat.
Here are the products that make up the grown-up Spitz’s menu:
- Meat and offal. up to 160 g per day. Not minced meat, but pieces.
- Porridge. rice or buckwheat. 320 g per day.
- Vegetables. carrots, pumpkin, broccoli, zucchini. 10-20% of the volume of porridge with meat.
- From dairy products, cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt are preserved. Eggs can be added to cottage cheese or porridge. twice a week.
This is the most unfavorable food option for the Pomeranian. Commercial food contains the necessary complex of vitamins and minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates that a small dog needs. If natural food is added to such food: meat, cottage cheese, then over time the dog will have an overdose of vitamins.
The orange will quickly begin to gain excess weight, which is dangerous to health. In addition, the combination of prepared food and natural food can cause indigestion and chronic bowel disease in Pomeranian.
Dry food and its varieties
Dry food is fairly easy to use. With its help, even a child can keep a dog full. This food can be left in a bowl throughout the day and will not spoil. If you are planning a trip, you can purchase a small pack and take it with you without exposing the dog to hunger.
Feeding ready-made dry food is perhaps the most preferable for the Pomeranian. A large selection of them today will allow you to find food suitable for any dog - even a large allergy sufferer. Not all feeds are the same, some of them are better and less preferable, it is important to carefully choose which feed to start feeding the Pomeranian.
- Brit Premium;
- Dog Chow;
- Purina Pro Plan;
These are the most common foods. They are not expensive and affordable. Premium food contains vitamins and minerals, so there is no need to add them separately to the diet. However, the percentage and quality of meat products in these feeds leaves much to be desired, usually these are by-products and waste of meat production.
Pro Plan premium food is one of the most popular among Pomeranian owners.
The first place in the composition of premium food contains cereals and cereals. Often there are corn, soy, and flavorings. The composition is usually not detailed, products are listed without percentages. Such food can be used, however, only in a young and healthy dog, if there is no other alternative.
- Brit Care;
- 1st choice;
- Almo nature.
These feeds are much better in quality than premium feeds. There are no flavors in super premium food, the percentage of meat is high, and the meat products themselves are of high quality. Corn and soybeans are unacceptable in such feed. If you carefully consider the composition, then the percentage of all components will be indicated there.
- GO !;
There is a holistic line for Brit, Almo Nature, Eukanuba. These are the most modern feeds and do not contain any grains. The meat ingredients of this high quality feed are marketed as sourced from free-range animals such as chickens.
In the photo, the food is holistic of the Acana class, perfect for feeding the Pomeranian.
Does not contain fragrances. These feeds are more expensive than the previous two groups, however, a large percentage of meat makes holistic feeds highly digestible and much less of them are required to get satiated.
Here are a few of the foods that many Pomeranian owners prefer:
The choice of food from one of these classes is individual. not all foods are suitable for all dogs. Given the tendency of young Pomeranians to hypoglycemia, do not force the Pomeranian to eat food that he does not like, the dog will simply go on a hunger strike and may suffer. It is worth buying a product of another brand that the pet will eat with pleasure.
Dry food in the dog’s stomach swells and is digested. Therefore, when feeding with dry food, the dog should always have clean and fresh water. It should be a habit for the owner to check for water in the dog.
Famous Purina One, Pedigree, Chappi are economy class food. They are undesirable for the Spitz’s nutrition, as they have a poor-quality composition and cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Diet of a Pomeranian puppy at 3-5 months
At 3-5 months, Pomeranian puppies are already able to eat meat in pieces, added to rice or buckwheat.
At 3-5 months, Pomeranian puppies are already able to eat meat in pieces.
The need for milk is gradually decreasing. A portion of milk porridge is replaced with sour milk and porridge in meat broth. It makes no sense to feed such a grown-up puppy more often 4 times. he must gradually get used to the adult regimen.
Japanese spitz puppies; First month of life.️
Important! At this time, the Spitz baby’s teeth fall out, so if he receives dry food, it should be soaked or replaced with canned food.
How often to feed your Spitz?
- a puppy at the age of 1-2 months needs to be fed 6 times a day;
- 2-3 months. 5 times a day;
- at 3-6 months. 3-4 times a day;
- at 6-8 months. 2-3 times a day;
- an adult Spitz (from 8 months) should be fed 2 times a day.
The portion that is consumed by the dog is purely individual and depends not only on the level of physical activity and the size of the dog, but also on the characteristics and condition of its body. Determining the amount of food to feed your Spitz at a time is easy. If after eating food in the bowl there are malnourishes, then the portion must be reduced. In no case should you leave half-eaten food in a bowl until the next day. it must be removed immediately. If the dog licks the bowl for a long time and thoroughly after feeding, then the portion must be increased.
28 Days Old My Indian Spitz Puppy Diet Care||Indian Spitz care||Indian Spitz puppy
How to properly prepare food for a Spitz?
Under no circumstances should meat be fried or stewed. Beef (lean) should be scalded with boiling water or given raw to older dogs. Turkey or chicken breast must be boiled and skinned.
As for the fish, boil it and carefully remove all the bones from it before giving it to the dog.
Eggs should be boiled, you can also give raw yolk.
By-products should be present in the Spitz’s diet in moderation, they should in no case serve as a substitute for meat, which is mandatory for dogs. This is especially true of the liver, which contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins. If you give too much of it, the dog can suffer from diseases caused by an overdose of vitamins and minerals. It is not recommended to feed Spitz with raw offal, they must be boiled.
Vegetables can be steamed, greens can be raw.
The Spitz’s diet should consist of 2/3 of food containing protein (meat, cottage cheese, eggs, fish) and 1/3 of cereals, vegetables and fruits. All these components are prepared separately, they can be mixed directly during feeding.
How to feed your puppy correctly?
At 2-3 months, Spitz puppies are still not allowed all those products that an adult dog can use. It is best to feed the puppy only low-fat boiled meat, steamed vegetables, buckwheat and rice, a small amount of cottage cheese with kefir, boiled yolk (1-2 pcs per week). Also, in addition to meat, the cartilage of goats and calves will be useful.
The ideal menu for a spitz
When choosing a diet for your dog, several factors should be considered, such as the dog’s age, height, weight and level of exercise. However, there are rules that apply to the nutrition of a Pomeranian in any case.
What and how to feed a spitz to keep him healthy?
Spitz is a breed of dog that belongs to the fourth section of the fifth group according to the classification of the International Cynological Federation. These dogs are direct descendants of the peat dog that lived in the Stone Age.
There are several varieties of Spitz, which differ in size and color:
- Wolfspitz. The color is gray. Height at the withers. 0.43-0.55 m;
- Grossspitz (Great Spitz). Reaches 0.42-0.5 m at the withers. Has a white, brown or gray color.
- Mittelspitz (Medium Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.3-0.38 m.Color orange, gray, brown, black, white, etc.
- Kleinspitz (Small Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.23-0.29 m.Different color: from black, white, to orange, black, brown, etc.
- Miniature Spitz (Pomeranian, Miniature Spitz). Height at the withers. 0.18-0.22 m.Color orange, white, gray, brown, etc.
All Spitz, regardless of the species, have a fluffy coat with a very soft undercoat, they look like a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, of course we are joking)))). In terms of character, these dogs are very affectionate and friendly, which makes them ideal companions. Spitz are very quick-witted and easy to train, so they are great for beginner dog lovers. Plus, these dogs always get along well with children.
As for health, Spitz, unlike other modern dog breeds, are less likely to suffer from congenital diseases and have practically no predisposition to any diseases. However, one of the most common problems is the tendency of these dogs to become obese, especially for the Kleinspitz and Miniature Spitz. And to avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the dog’s diet, as well as the level of its physical activity.
Foods that should be on the Spitz’s menu
For the full functioning of the body, the dog needs to receive proteins, carbohydrates, fats in moderation, as well as trace elements and other useful substances. And in order to provide a Spitz with all this, it is imperative to include the following products in his diet:
- Meat: lean beef, veal, lamb, turkey, chicken. It is the main source of proteins and trace elements.
- By-products: chicken or beef heart, veal or chicken liver, tripe (once a week). By-products are source of trace elements and vitamins, especially A (large amount in the liver).
- Eggs: chicken, quail (2 pcs per week). They are source of protein, vitamins D, E, A, B6, B2, B12, trace elements calcium, magnesium and iron.
- Sea fish, squid. Serve as the main source of essential amino acids, trace elements iodine, phosphorus, magnesium, fluorine, calcium, iron, vitamins D, E, A, B12, B6.
- Cottage cheese (fat content no more than 10%), kefir (fat-free). Contains calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, phosphorus, copper, molybdenum, vitamins B2, B3, B1, B6, B12, B9, C, E. H, PP, as well as proteins.
- Herbs: parsley, dill, spinach. Contains a large amount of vitamins PP, C, E, B2, B1, A, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, as well as folic acid and beta-carotene, which increase immunity and improve vision.
- Fruits: bananas, apples, apricots, melons, persimmons; dried fruits.
- Vegetable: carrots, beets, cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini.
- Olive oil (very small amount of vegetable salad dressing).
- Porridge: rice, buckwheat, rolled oats (no more than 10% of the daily diet).
There are a number of foods that are not assimilated by the dog’s body, which can lead to health problems, injure the organs of the digestive system, and also reduce the level of absorption of nutrients. The Spitz should never be fed:
- fatty meats. pork and lamb (they are poorly digested and lead to obesity);
- milk (in the body of the Spitz there is no lactose. an enzyme that is responsible for the digestion of milk);
- legumes (they impair the absorption of vitamin D, which is necessary for the normal development of the skeleton);
- bones (they can damage the esophagus and stomach);
- smoked and boiled sausage, sausages;
- smoked and salted fish;
- spices and seasonings;
- any fried, pickled and spicy food;
- sweet (flour products, chocolate, sugar, sweets, etc.);
- citrus fruits;
- pearl barley, semolina and millet;
- any products with high preservatives and artificial colors.
- expired products.
The choice of dry food for spitz
All of the above rules apply to feeding the Spitz with natural products, but there is an alternative. feeding with dry food. The choice of feed must be approached very carefully, you must certainly read the composition.
What should be the composition of the feed:
- In the first place should be meat, its type and percentage must be indicated (at least 25%).
- Vegetables and cereal products should be present in an amount of up to 30%, it should be described in detail which vegetables and cereals are present in the feed.
- Vitamins (the presence of vitamins A, D, C, E, PP, all from group B).
- Macro and microelements (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, iodine, etc.)
- Natural preservatives (herbal extracts and oils, vitamins C, E).
Only premium and super premium feed can meet this standard. Economy-class feeds usually contain artificial colors, flavors and preservatives, slaughterhouse waste (horns, hooves, etc.), fillers that do not have any nutritional value, but only clog the stomach and intestines (these are cellulose, crushed nutshells, etc.) etc.). In no case should a Spitz be fed with such cheap and very harmful feed.
How to feed your monthly puppies?
As a rule, until the age of 45-60 days, the basis of nutrition for puppies is mother’s milk. an irreplaceable source of protective antibodies. But breeders already from two to three weeks of age begin to introduce complementary foods for puppies in the form of an egg-milkshake (one egg per glass of milk in the first 2-3 days and then one egg per 400-500 ml of milk). With the question of what kind of milk to feed the puppy, do not be too philosophical. ordinary cow milk, and if possible. goat milk. Some dog breeders also use infant formula for this purpose. Then, semi-liquid milk porridge is gradually introduced into the diet (the total “milk” portion reaches 400 g / day). And here one more question may arise, what cereals can you feed your puppy? First of all, of course, I made buckwheat porridge. Then you can recommend porridge made from boiled rice, semolina, quality “rolled oats”. Then scraped beef or veal is introduced as complementary foods.
Therefore, when taking a puppy at the age of about 30-45 days, try not to introduce any new products in the first few days, the diet should remain the same as when feeding from the breeder. But in the future, in order not to face the problem of how to feed a puppy at 1 month old and how often to feed a puppy, pay attention to some recommendations:
- At the age of one to two months, the frequency of feeding puppies is 3-4 hours with a six-hour night break.
- At least once a week, a monthly puppy should receive meat (only fresh!) And meat products.
- The diet of a puppy in one month should be quite varied. In addition to meat and dairy food, give your puppy fish (only sea fish! River fish can be infected with helminths). source of phosphorus and iodine. Be sure to give raw vegetables (grated or cut into small pieces). source of vitamins.
- Since puppies grow quite quickly, foods with increased m calcium should be added to the diet (sometimes it is recommended to add to the main food pharmaceutical calcium preparations, crushed into powder), as well as fish oil.
How to feed your puppy. 1 month?
Having made the decision to take a puppy into the house, you thereby take upon yourself the responsibility not only for raising him, but certainly also for feeding. Indeed, in order for a puppy to turn into a strong and healthy handsome dog, it is necessary to organize the correct and rational nutrition of your pet.
Diet depending on the breed of the puppy
An important aspect of organizing proper nutrition for puppies is that you need to take into account the breed of the dog, the puppy of which you took. So the nutrition of puppies of large breeds should be distinguished by an increased m of proteins. Therefore, consider, for example, how to feed a month-old shepherd puppy and how to feed a month-old Labrador puppy, as the most popular representatives of large dog breeds. As already mentioned, for the full development of such puppies, nutrition with increased m of proteins is necessary. The best source of protein is, of course, meat. At the age of one month, you can give scraped beef, veal, and then gradually introduce soups with meat broth, cereals with the addition of raw meat trimmings, raw fish (seafood!), Eggs, dairy products (especially calcined cottage cheese) into the diet. You can give a loaf of wheat soaked in milk. source of vitamin B. From the age of three weeks, puppies must be exposed to fresh water. The number of feedings per day should be at least six. And the main indicator of the correctness of feeding can be considered the weight gain of the puppy (150-170 g / day). Attention! To avoid burns to the oral mucosa, monitor the temperature of the food (put your finger in a bowl of food. the food should be slightly warm). A complete diet is the key to good health and excellent conformation of your pet.
Rules for feeding “natural
The basis of the Spitz‘s natural diet is meat. It is better to choose low-fat varieties: veal, turkey, rabbit, chicken (in the absence of allergies). The pet eats meat per day in the amount of 50-60% of the total daily requirement. This product can be offered raw or scalded to Spitz, but it is pre-frozen for a long time.
Two or three times a week, meat can be replaced with offal, but the puppy is introduced to them not earlier than 3 months. Spitz happily eat rumen, lung, liver, kidneys (pre-soaked in cold water), trachea, pikal meat, etc.
They start giving fish to babies from 3-4 months. For Spitz, marine varieties are suitable. All bones must be removed from the fillet so that the small pet does not choke. This product is given to an animal every 7 days, completely replacing meat.
Spitz must be given fermented milk products (up to 30% of the daily requirement). During the period of active growth (from 2 to 6-7 months), cottage cheese is fed to the pet daily. This food is rich in calcium. This substance is involved in the formation of bone and cartilage tissue. Also, up to 5 times a week, the pet is offered kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt, natural yoghurts.
Spitz gets carbohydrates from cereals. Their number should not exceed 15% of the daily value. Porridge is boiled in water or low-fat broth. Suitable for cereals: buckwheat, long-grain or brown rice, oatmeal (2-3 times a week).
The pet gets fats from egg yolks. Spitz are very fond of boiled quail eggs, they are fed 1-2 times a week in an amount of 2-3 pieces. Instead, you can offer your pet half a chicken egg.
INTERESTING! The diet must include vegetables: zucchini, cucumbers, carrots, some cauliflower. These products can be fed to the Spitz both raw and cooked. From fruit, the dog is given apples, plums or pitted apricots, pears.
At 2 months, the puppy eats up to 5 times a day. The diet remains the same, only the portion size increases:
- meat up to 60 gr;
- cereals up to 30 gr;
- vegetables up to 30 gr;
- fermented milk products up to 30-40 gr.
At the age of 4-6 months, the Spitz puppy’s teeth begin to change. During this period, the baby’s gums itch and itch, he may begin to spoil the surrounding objects or furniture. You can offer your pet sugar bones or mosles with pieces of meat, which the puppy will chew with pleasure.
By six months, the portions of the pet increase:
- meat. up to 120 g, cereals. up to 70 g;
- vegetables and fruits. up to 70 gr;
- fermented milk products. up to 70 gr.
The puppy still receives an egg once a week. It can be given both raw and boiled. The number of feedings is reduced to three.
Dry food for Spitz
- Holistic (Acana, Barking Heads, GO! Etc.). These feeds are considered elite. Holistica contains up to 70% of high quality animal protein derived from meat, not offal. Many diets do not contain cereals; instead, fruits and vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, apples, etc.) act as carbohydrate sources. Holistic food is enriched with probiotics, mineral and vitamin supplements of high quality.
- Super premium (Belcando, 1st Choice, Arden Grange, etc.). Such diets contain up to 30-40% animal protein. Meat is used for the production of super premium class feed. Carbohydrates are represented by cereals, which are perfectly absorbed by the Spitz’s body (maize, rice, etc.). The composition also includes vegetables, fruits, berries, which enrich the feed with vitamins. Super premium diets are free of flavors and harmful colors for dogs.
- Premium (ProPlan, ProBalance, Purina One, etc.). The quality of these rations is inferior to holistic and super premium food. Animal protein can be represented not only by meat, but also by-products. Some of the proteins are of plant origin. Cereals are represented by corn, wheat and their derivatives. The premium food also contains vitamins and minerals, but their amount is noticeably less. Some diets may contain flavors.
- Economy (Pedigree, Meal, Darling, Chappi, etc.). These rations are of poor quality. The main component is cereals and their processed products. Sources of animal proteins can be by-products and waste from meat processing plants. The composition includes a minimum amount of fortified supplements. Many diets (Darling, Chappy, etc.) contain colors and flavors.
Only holistic or super premium food can be used as the main diet for German Spitz, especially for small puppies.
How to feed a Spitz puppy
Dog breeders use three types of pet feeding.
Each of them has both advantages and disadvantages.
- Natural diet. The main advantage of this type of feeding is the ability to create a balanced and varied menu. This diet can be adjusted to suit the needs of a particular dog. Another plus is that the owner knows exactly what products his pet uses. The disadvantage of this type of nutrition can be attributed to the need to include additional vitamin supplements in the diet. Also, a natural menu takes time to prepare food.
- Ready-made feed. Such a product is completely balanced and satisfies almost all the needs of the Spitz’s body. Croutons are stored for a long time, do not require time to cook. With this type of nutrition, the animal must receive a strict feed rate, it is calculated by the weight of the pet. For Spitz, rations of a class of at least super-premium are suitable, otherwise diseases of the gastrointestinal tract may develop.
- Mixed diet. Veterinarians and breeders categorically do not recommend this type of nutrition, since when mixing ready-made feed and natural products, metabolic processes in the Spitz’s body are disrupted. An excess of protein with additional feeding of a pet with meat or fermented milk products leads to the development of liver and kidney diseases.
Vitamins and Supplements
German Spitz, fed with natural products, need additional vitamin and mineral supplements.
The best vitamins and supplements are:
- 8in1 Brewers Yeast. This complex contains brewer’s yeast that is beneficial for the skin and coat. The composition also includes the following components: garlic, a set of vitamins and minerals, fish oil. The drug normalizes metabolic processes, improves the quality of the coat. On the day, the Spitz is given 1 tablet (dosage. 1 ton. Per 4 kg of weight).
- Sanal Yeast Calcium. This supplement contains brewer’s yeast, calcium stearate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate. The preparation is enriched with vitamins and minerals. A Spitz puppy is given from half to 3 tablets per day, depending on weight and age. The drug improves the quality of wool, has a positive effect on the intestines and stomach, stimulates appetite.
- Kanwit Junior. This complex is a supplement to the basic diet of the animal. It contains amino acids, vitamins (group B, A, E, D3, K3, C3), iron, zinc and other microelements necessary for a puppy. The additive improves the appearance of the pet, increases vitality, and increases the digestibility of food. On the day, a Spitz puppy is given a drug in a dosage of 1 tablet per 5 kg of body weight.
- Booster Ca Mini. This complex is designed for puppies of small and dwarf breeds and is suitable for Pomeranian. The additive has a positive effect on the formation of bone and cartilage tissue, improves the functioning of the stomach and intestines, increases the digestibility of food, and stimulates the immune system. The drug is fed to puppies from 30 days at a dosage of 1 tablet per 5 kg of live weight.
Up to a month
Up to a month, babies are with the breeder and feed on mother’s milk. For the first time, puppies are shown a different food at 3 weeks of age. As the first complementary food for German (including Pomeranian) Spitz use soft curd or scraped frozen meat.
It is not recommended to use minced meat, it is better to give puppies very small chopped pieces.
The first complementary food can be started with semi-liquid buckwheat porridge, cooked with the addition of milk. Puppies are given only one type of food per day, and the portions should be very small. If the stomachs of the babies have digested the new product well, in the next feeding, its amount is slightly increased.
How to feed a Spitz puppy by months
A Pomeranian puppy is a cute animal that attracts everyone with its appearance. But above all, this is a defenseless creature that requires affection and good care, including a proper diet.
Spitz puppy diet
As a rule, puppies get to new owners after the age of 1.5 months, so the question of how to feed a Spitz puppy at 2 months is very common. First, it is worth remembering that the puppy needs adaptation, so the first days of the baby need to be fed with the same food that he received from the breeder. New products should be introduced gradually, so the puppy will be able to switch to a new menu without disruptions in the stomach.
An owner wondering how to properly feed a Spitz puppy at 2 months should consider. The pet’s stomach is very small, so food should be fractional. in small portions 5-6 times a day. It is also worth deciding what kind of food the puppy will receive. dry food or natural products.
Many breeders choose a balanced dry food. However, when purchasing it, you need to carefully study the composition. meat or fish should be indicated first on the list. Better to choose super food. premium class. For example, Royal Canin, Happy Dog, Pro Plan. Especially popular are the Holistik class foods, which contain only natural high-quality products.
When purchasing food, it is important to consider for what age and breed it was created. If the pet has any medical conditions. you need to choose prophylactic or medicinal food. For example, animals prone to food allergies should be fed hypoallergenic food.
Giving preference in the question of how to feed a Spitz puppy, natural products, you should know. the pet’s diet should consist of 2/3 of animal proteins and 1/3 of vegetables and cereals. An important place in the pet’s menu should be occupied by meat (beef, veal, lean lamb or poultry). The daily requirement of the Pomeranian for meat, regardless of the age of the dog, is 25 grams for each kilogram of puppy weight.
How to feed a Spitz puppy at 2 months. an example menu:
- Some dry food;
- Groats with meat and boiled vegetables;
- Kefir, cottage cheese, or other fermented milk product;
- Finely grated apple with the addition of 1 tbsp. l. vegetable oil;
- Veal with boiled vegetables.
Along with the puppy’s growing up, his diet should also change. For owners who are interested in how to feed a Spitz puppy at 3 months old, you need to remember. during this period, you can enter sea fish in the dog’s menu.
How to feed a Spitz puppy at 3 months. approximate diet:
- Boiled fish with cereals and 1 tbsp. l. vegetable oil;
- Kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese (any one fermented milk product);
- Boiled chicken meat;
- Grated apple;
- Raw veal and vegetable stew.
How to feed a Spitz puppy. rules for preparing natural products
Having decided to feed your pet with natural products, the owner must learn a few rules.
- The fish should only be marine. The parasites contained in river fish can take root in the pet’s body. When cooking fish, you need to remove the bones;
- Cottage cheese should have a fat content of less than 9%;
- When feeding a puppy with poultry meat, you should remove the skin from it;
- Preference among cereals should be given to rice and buckwheat. They will provide the dog with the necessary carbohydrates;
- It is not necessary to cook the meat, you can limit yourself to pouring boiling water.
- Eggs on the contrary. always need to boil;
- All ingredients must be prepared separately and mixed just before feeding.
It should be noted that Spitz are not able to assimilate vitamin A from carrots. His puppies are obtained from eggs, liver, and fermented milk products. Vitamin C is produced by the Spitz’s body on its own, so you should not choose foods with a large amount of it.
These rules should be followed regardless of whether the owner is interested in how to feed a Spitz puppy at 4 months old or an adult representative of this breed.
How to feed a Spitz puppy. healthy foods
In the diet of a Pomeranian puppy, in addition to meat and fish, products containing vitamins and minerals must be present:
- Quail or chicken eggs (a Spitz puppy should eat 2 eggs per week);
- Fruits. melon, apple, persimmon, bananas, watermelon;
- Dairy products;
- Fresh herbs. dill, onions, parsley;
- Vegetables. cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini;
- Vegetable oil (no more than 1 tbsp. L. Per day);
- Porridge. buckwheat, rice, rolled oats.
What can not be fed to Spitz puppies
In addition to foods that are good for dogs, there are some that shouldn’t be included in a pet’s diet.
Among the things that cannot be fed to Spitz puppies, it is worth highlighting:
- Sweets. Pomeranian Spitz are prone to obesity, so their menu should contain a minimum amount of sugar;
- Citrus fruits and juices can cause allergies;
- Pork. Fatty foods have a detrimental effect on the liver of puppies;
- Salty, fried, spicy, smoked. such foods will cause problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
- Milk. Puppies over 2 months of age are often lactose intolerant;
Do not give your Spitz raw fish and eggs, a fresh loaf, pasta, millet, pearl barley, legumes, potatoes, meat broths. these products are poorly digested by the Spitz’s stomach.
It is important to remember that the puppy’s diet and the number of feedings should be calculated individually for each animal, taking into account age, physical activity, body structure and weight.