How to feed your puppy dry food
In order for a four-legged baby to develop and grow well, its nutrition must be balanced. To achieve this goal without complicated calculations and endless search for healthy products, ready-made dry rations, designed specifically for dogs of tender age, help. Today we will talk about how to properly give dry food to puppies and avoid mistakes when feeding them.
Soaking the granules
Often, new owners have the question of how to give food to a puppy. dry or soaked. There is no only correct answer: it all depends on the age and preferences of the baby.
If he previously ate exclusively natural food or wet food, dry granules may not seem very attractive to him. However, this is not a reason to abandon the chosen path. Just shortly before feeding, fill the feed with warm water (50–70 ° C) and wait until it absorbs moisture. So its aroma will become more pronounced, and the consistency. closer to natural food.
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But keep in mind that the soaked granules deteriorate quickly, so if the puppy has not finished eating the food, you need to put the bowl in the refrigerator, but no longer than 12 hours.
Having found the optimal nutrition for your little four-legged friend, do not rush to switch to him. The first 10-15 days after arriving at a new home, it is better to feed him the food to which he is accustomed. Usually, breeders themselves tell the buyer the name of the food they fed the puppy, and the most responsible ones even give a small bag with them.
As soon as the baby adapts to the changed conditions, you can transfer him to the product that the owner prefers. The transition should not be abrupt.
- Replace with new food about a quarter of the serving, leaving the same total calorie content;
- Every day, increase the share of the new product, proportionally reducing the amount of the old one;
- After 5-7 days, completely transfer the puppy to the chosen food.
The gradual conversion to another feed helps to avoid stress and digestive disorders, as well as to track the undesirable reactions of the animal’s body to a new type of feeding. Stool disorder, allergic reactions: a rash on the abdomen, itching and excessive discharge from the ears should be a signal to suspend food “reforms”.
Properly feeding a puppy with dry food means observing the daily regimen. Animals are better at eating and assimilating food if they receive it at the same time. Therefore, regularity is the golden rule of dog feeding.
When scheduling your dog meals, be sure to keep your own schedule in mind so that you can feed your puppy at set hours every day. The number of feedings directly depends on the age of the pet.
|Puppy age||1-2 months.||2-4 months.||4-6 months.||6-10 months.||10 months.|
|Number of feedings per day||5-6||4-5||3-4||3||2|
The Recommended Daily Allowance shown on the food packaging is divided into equal parts according to the number of feedings. It is undesirable to give a double dose at a time, as puppies, especially large breeds, often do not know the measure and overeat, which ultimately ends with vomiting.
Between meals, do not leave a bowl of food freely available. If the baby has not finished eating the prescribed portion or has not touched it at all, immediately remove the bowl to an inaccessible place. The next feeding should be strictly according to the schedule, and in terms of volume. no more than usual.
This approach will protect your pet from overeating and related problems. Do not worry that he will be left without food for a while: if he were really hungry, he would never refuse the offered food.
Drinking plenty of fluids
Clean drinking water should be freely available around the clock. If natural products and canned dog food already contain a considerable amount of moisture, then in dry granules it is practically absent. And regular consumption of dry food against the background of a lack of liquid not only causes discomfort to the animal, but also leads to chronic diseases. That is why control over the puppy’s drinking regime is so important.
Make sure there is water in the bowl at all times. If it is dirty and cloudy, it is advisable to refresh it. Those owners who spend a lot of time at work should consider purchasing an automatic drinker for animals.
It is designed in such a way that the bowl is replenished as you drink from a previously prepared reservoir. Thanks to this useful device, the puppy will drink enough even when he is alone at home.
Choice of diet
Each owner has the right to choose the diet that he sees fit for his dog. It is important to take into account several factors at once:
For example, food for large and giant breed puppies contains special additives to strengthen joints and are available in larger granules. It will be problematic to gnaw such food for dwarf doggies, and their large counterparts, on the contrary, often choke on too small particles.
Does the puppy need vitamins and supplements??
Blitz feeds are complete. They are enriched with all macro- and microelements necessary for dogs, balanced in proteins / fats and other indicators, contain probiotics for comfortable digestion. Therefore, additional supplements are not required for puppies, unless such drugs are prescribed by a veterinarian.
Nutrition for a puppy at 1 month of age
During this period, complementary foods begin to be added to the nutrition provided by the female puppy. The emphasis is on cereals, dairy products. It is permissible to feed the baby with boiled cow’s milk, grated low-fat cottage cheese, viscous ground cereals.
Meat should be cooked and chopped or mashed. Its amount should not be large. Salt and sugar are excluded from cooking.
What you need to know about dog nutrition
Feeding Labrador dogs should be carried out in accordance with the following recommendations:
- Fractional nutrition is required, the number of meals depends on age, it is advisable to follow the feeding regimen;
- It is not recommended to arrange snacks for your pet, as the breed is prone to gaining excess weight;
- When using natural food, “human food from the table” is prohibited, as well as a number of products that are unsafe for the Labrador, it is recommended to monitor the joints, give vitamins that support their health;
- You can not mix professional feed and natural food, this leads to an imbalance in the work of the digestive system;
- Food should be freshly cooked, warm, but not too hot, so as not to damage the lining of the esophagus and stomach;
- The porridge should be moderately thin, and the soup rather thick;
- The amount of salt should be minimal, for puppies it should be excluded;
- Food is always given after walking, otherwise problems with the gastrointestinal tract, volvulus are possible;
- Given the allergic nature of the breed, it is better to introduce all new products gradually and observe the reaction;
- Better to use shatterproof dishes and plate racks.
For any feeding option, clean water should always be readily available.
What and how to feed a Labrador puppy
Labrador babies are active, inquisitive, grow up and learn quickly. Therefore, they need nutrition with sufficient energy value, as well as providing everything necessary for the accelerated development of muscles and skeleton. The following feeding options are possible:
- Natural food;
- Professional food: dry; wet.
How to feed further, at 2 months
The diet of a puppy over 2 months of age is similar to that of the previous period. However, the amount of meat is increasing and the amount of milk is decreasing. The female practically stops feeding the baby herself. You can add small vegetables, herbs, vegetable oil to the diet, while observing the state of the digestive system after eating them.
They also feed a boiled egg 1-2 times a week. Porridge can be made thinner, but it is also advisable to cook them in milk. Meat and poultry are allowed to be fed in the form of minced meat, not mashed potatoes.
From 3 months to six months
During this period, the amount of milk in the diet is significantly reduced to puppies, leaving cottage cheese and kefir. Meat and poultry can be given in small pieces, adding them to cereals, broths. Babies over 3 months old are allowed vegetables, fruits, herbs (parsley, lettuce, dill), thick soups are prepared for them. Cereal porridge can be made thinner, and a little salt can be added to all products.
Daily feeding rate for puppies (table)
The daily norm of food consumption depends on the age, activity, health of the pet. The table shows the average values based on the period of development of the puppy, however, it is worth considering that they are indicative and can be adjusted in one direction or another, based on the individual needs of the baby.
|Age, months.||Single volume of food, g||Number of feedings / day||General consumption rate, g / day|
|2-4||from 60 to 80||five||from 300 to 400|
|Older than 11||from 350||1-2||from 700|
From half a year to 1 year
A puppy older than six months begins to grow actively, therefore, the maximum amount of protein and calcium is needed in the diet. In this regard, meat begins to form the basis of the menu, it is given in the form of pieces, minced meat, porridge, soups, broths are cooked with it. At this time, it is allowed to feed with cooked offal (beef kidneys, liver, etc.).
From 6 months, feeding with sea fish is allowed, but it is worth removing all the bones and boiling it. Fermented milk products can be represented by cottage cheese, cheese. If necessary, the pet is given vitamins containing calcium, minerals that support the development of the skeletal system. Eating chicken or quail eggs is also beneficial.
Natural food for puppies
It is permissible to feed the crumb with natural food, but it is necessary to carefully compose the diet and monitor the weight gain, the state of the skeletal system. The main nutritional components depend on the age of the puppy. However, in general, the following products are acceptable:
- Nutritious porridge;
- Lean meat (minced);
- Milk and fermented milk products;
- Vegetables, herbs;
- Vegetable oil;
- Egg yolks.
All products must be cooked and finely chopped or chopped in a blender.
Super Premium Rations
Super Premium Foods. Suitable food for your Labrador puppy. Such diets are created taking into account all the needs of dogs at different stages of development and physiological state, and also have a line of diets even in the “puppy” category. They include both dry and canned foods and come in a wide range of flavors to suit any preference.
What distinguishes this class of products:
- A high degree of digestibility and energy value: the composition uses raw materials of good quality and a wide range. Modern foreign brands produce food with raw materials that are considered natural nutrition in nature for wild fellow dogs: wild boar, wild goat, etc. These rations are in high demand both in Europe and among domestic breeders.
- The percentage of animal protein in this diet is very high, and the feed itself is complete, which eliminates the need for supplementary feeding of animals, including vitamin complexes.
- Among the huge assortment of super premium products, you can easily choose food for a puppy, taking into account his individual intolerance to food components (allergy to animal protein or gluten of cereals) and be sure that the food will only benefit.
- The daily intake of such products is low, which compensates for the rather high cost of feed.
For a Labrador puppy, a series of nutrition is suitable:
- Monge maxi puppy junior.
- Brit Care Junior Large Breed.
- Belcando puppy gravy.
These are feeds of similar composition and energy value, taking into account the tendency to rapid weight gain, increased stress on the joints and allergies to food components. All products of this class contain a high percentage of protein and fat, which is extremely important for puppies of this breed.
What food to feed a labrador puppy
Labradors are large dog breeds characterized by a tendency to gain weight rapidly, joint problems and a predisposition to food allergies. From these positions, first of all, you need to make a start in finding the right food for your puppy. In addition to these factors, the price category of the feed, the ideological considerations of the owner and the recommendations of the breeder or veterinarian are important.
All feeds are divided into classes and differ in price, and accordingly in the quality and quantity of incoming raw materials. What diet is suitable for a Labrador puppy will help to understand the analysis of the composition of feeds of different categories and an assessment of the nutritional needs of the described breed group.
Among the feeds of different classes, the category “Holistic” is the pinnacle of the skill of the producers. For their creation, raw materials of the best class were used, during the cultivation of which hormones and antibiotics were not used.
Manufacturers declare that all products that make up such diets can be used in human nutrition.
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Indicators of the quality of food “Holistica” are:
- Large amounts of animal protein that dogs need during growth.
- Availability of grain-free products in the lines. Currently, more and more animals are allergic to feed components, in particular to vegetable protein. It was extremely difficult to find food for such pets a few years ago, since the bulk of the feed contains grain. The introduction of holistic nutrition into the nutritional market is a real breakthrough in the pet food industry.
- Complete balance, allowing animals to be fed only dry food.
- High energy value and low daily requirements.
Among the diets for puppies, the following foods are very popular:
- Acana puppy large breed.
- Origen puppy large breed.
- Grandorf puppy all breeds.
It is a grain-free feed with natural ingredients and a high protein and fat content. The production process is high-tech, which allows you to preserve the maximum of useful substances in dry granules.
What food to feed your Labrador puppy: food classes and their nutritional value
Labradors are quite active dogs, capable of tirelessly taking long walks with their owners or playing with children for hours. With proper care and maintenance, they can lead a long and eventful life, which is directly related to nutrition.
Like all other dogs, Labradors need a high percentage of meat in their feed for active growth and proper development. Puppies more than adults need high-protein diets, which means that this factor will be the starting point when considering food groups.
Before talking about the classes of feed, it is worth inserting a remark: there is no brand, the rations of which could be unambiguously attributed to the nutritional group of a certain category, because the same manufacturer, as a rule, has feed of different quality in its portfolio.
“Premium” rations: dry and wet (canned food, pouches) feed
These foods have dry and wet foods (canned food, spiders) in their lines and are divided into subcategories according to the size and age of the dog. There is a lot of controversy over whether this or that diet belongs to the “Premium” category, since the division of feed into classes is a conditional thing, but still this category can be characterized as follows:
- They contain a small percentage of animal proteins with a “shaky” source of raw materials (not specified, marked as “meat” on the package).
- Large volume of cereals based on corn or rice. The result of such “filling” is a reduction in the cost of the product and its cheaper.
- These feeds are packed with vitamins and minerals in the right proportions.
- As a rule, do not contain artificial additives in the form of flavors, colors and enhancers of taste and smell.
- Contains probiotics and additional sources of valuable nutrients in the form of plant extracts.
- The energy value of this food is higher than that of the “Economy” class feed.
Among the dry and wet diets of this group of food for a Labrador puppy, food from the Royal Canin Puppy Maxi or Eukanuba Puppy Large Breed is suitable. These are adequate products, widely known among dog owners and safe for pets with no predisposition to poultry protein and wheat gluten.
Advantages of rations include universal availability and adequate price.
Economy class rations
Economy-class rations are at the lowest level of quality. Once developed with the sole purpose of feeding convenience and lack of high-tech equipment, these feeds consist primarily of inexpensive raw materials based on soybeans, wheat and corn. Extremely poor in animal protein, they are unable to meet the nutrient needs of a Labrador puppy and are potentially dangerous for them in terms of high glycemic index.
These diets have low nutritional value, which means that the daily requirement will be high so that the puppy does not feel hungry. Such large amounts of carbohydrate food will lead to excessive obesity and poor well-being of the dog. In addition, the food of this class does not have a gradation of “puppies”, which doubly does not allow giving the dog adequate nutrition in accordance with its age and breed characteristics.
Water in the diet of a labrador puppy
Water is just as important a nutritional component for a puppy as dry food. For dogs raised on industrial diets, the importance of water cannot be overstated. The technology of production of “drying” is such that the output is the most dehydrated product, and in order for it to “work” in the dog’s body, it must drink a sufficient amount of water.
The puppy should always have water in the bowl, it should be changed as it gets dirty and the dishes should be washed.
The dog may be thirsty at night, and there can be no compelling reason to leave the bowl empty. If the puppy turns over the dishes, it must be fixed on a special stand or fixed in any other way.
Choosing the type of food for an adult dog
When the animal has grown up, then it is transferred to two meals a day. It is important that the animal receives all the necessary minerals, vitamins and other substances.
There are three types of diet for all dog breeds:
- Natural food. cooked or given raw. Should include various types of meat, sea fish, vegetables and cereals. It is important to correctly formulate the diet of such a diet so that the dog does not experience a deficiency or, conversely, an excess of vitamins and nutrients.
- Industrial feed. dry and wet. They are able to provide the pet with the necessary amount of calories and minerals.
- Mixed food option. with this feeding the dog is given dry food, and natural food is used as a supplement. This method is recommended by breeders. For example, you can give a portion of dry food in the morning, and natural food in the evening.
If you decide to feed your Labrador industrial food, go for quality brands and premium lines. Your veterinarian will always help you to make the right choice. If, when changing the diet, the dog has an allergic reaction (watery or itchy eyes), then it must be taken to a veterinary clinic, where specialists can determine the unsuitable product and prescribe a different diet.
Serving rates from birth to one year
After birth, the puppy should be fed breast milk for four weeks. Thus, it receives all the nutrients it needs for growth and proper development.
The daily weight for one and two month old puppies should be 300-350 grams.
After the puppy is three months old, the daily allowance should be increased to 400 grams.
From five months, the pet is fed three times a day, for this, lunch and afternoon tea are excluded from the schedule. The total weight of all servings should be 500 grams.
After a year, the dog needs two 500-gram meals a day (only 1 kg of food per day).
Puppy diet. features
If the puppy moved to your home immediately after weaning, then you can choose the feeding option yourself. To begin with, the crumbs should be fed with liquid cereals and dry food, previously soaked in kefir or natural yogurt without dyes and additives. But try not to switch your puppy exclusively to dry rations.
The food is placed in a bowl and removed after 15 minutes. If during this time the pet has not eaten all the food, then it is full. A bowl of food should not be left in the reach of the puppy so that he does not run to refresh himself, all feedings should be done according to a strict schedule.
The following foods should be included in the diet of Labrador babies:
- Fish. only seafood, boiled and deboned will do.
- Cereals. porridge made from oatmeal, buckwheat and rice. A few drops of vegetable oil should be added to them.
- Grated vegetables: cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, turnips, beets, raw potatoes (no more than one piece per week).
- Fermented milk products. low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, natural yogurt.
- One boiled egg or raw yolk. once a week.
- Finely chopped fresh herbs. parsley, lettuce, dill. Added to cereals.
- Fresh water. you need to renew it regularly throughout the day.
- Calcium. This can be given as a ready-made supplement or in crushed eggshells. The resulting powder is added to dairy products or porridge.
- Vitamins and supplements prescribed by your veterinarian.
How many times a day to feed a puppy?
When feeding babies, the daily food intake is divided into several portions. The number of feedings depends on the age of the puppies:
- Up to two months. 6 times. From the fifth week, puppies should be given boiled lean meat, cut into small pieces. Beef, veal and lamb are great.
- Two to four months. 5 times. How to feed a labrador puppy for 2 months? Up to three months, babies should not be fed with dry food. If the diet does not include meat products, include special canned foods.
- Four to five months. 4 times.
- Labrador 6 months. three meals a day.
- Starting from 7-8 months. the number of meals is gradually reduced to twice a day.
- After 12 months, puppies need two meals a day, but one meal per day is also allowed.
Most kennels prefer to keep dogs on industrial food, so when buying a puppy, be sure to check with the breeder, the brand of the product and his recommendations for feeding. After purchasing and moving the baby to a new home, you should keep the daily routine and type of feeding unchanged for 10-14 days. The stress associated with a change of environment and weaning can weaken the pet’s general immunity. And a sharp change in the daily regimen and diet can provoke indigestion and depression of health in general.
Once the puppy has become accustomed to the new home and family, you can gradually introduce changes in its diet. If you decide to opt for natural food, then the menu should be expanded step by step, up to six months of age. New products are introduced in small quantities, a tablespoon per day. If the puppy does not have an allergic reaction, then the portion is increased.
Advantages and disadvantages of different types of food
Each four-legged owner has the right to choose what to feed his pet with. However, when choosing a diet, many pet owners overlook the advantages and disadvantages of different types of food.
Industrial feed. dry and wet.
- Dry food is stored for a long time, you can buy it in reserve and use it to fill automatic feeders.
- Contain the required amount of vitamins and minerals.
- Information on the packaging allows you to correctly calculate portions and daily allowance of food.
- Contains proteins in the form most adapted for the dog’s body.
- Almost all well-known brands consist of several lines of food, including veterinary diets for allergy sufferers, puppies, senior dogs, sensitive digestion, etc.
- High pricing policy. Economy-class food is not suitable for feeding Labradors, and super-premium and premium products, although they have a number of advantages, are more expensive than natural food.
- Wet food is usually more expensive than dry food, but many dogs prefer named food.
- Veterinary diets can be used only after consultation with a specialist, otherwise, instead of benefit, there is a possibility of harm to the pet’s body.
- You can diversify the menu. But this only has weight when feeding puppies, since adult dogs already have certain taste preferences and they can rarely be interested in something new.
- Better and easier for the body to absorb.
- Natural products can be fed naturally or used for cooking.
- The maximum energy value and weight of one portion are limited, therefore, it is not possible to introduce into the diet all the necessary trace elements and vitamins in the required volume.
- During the period of active growth, during pregnancy and lactation, in the fall and spring, the addition of vitamin complexes is required.
- Depending on the age of the dog and the time of year, the diet needs to be adjusted.
- Natural is undesirable to store in the refrigerator, it should be given to the dog fresh.
Labrador puppies nutrition
By the age of 4-6 weeks, breeders begin to introduce primary complementary foods to puppies. Depending on the charter of the nursery, it can be dairy products or semi-moist industrial feed in a grated form. When drawing up a diet, the size and physique of the dog are primarily taken into account: Labradors are characterized by medium size, wide bones and strong joints. The main indicators that are also paid attention to are in food, elements such as magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and protein.
- Lean meats. lamb, veal, horse meat, rabbit, beef and turkey.
- By-products. kidneys, stomachs, hearts, liver.
- Vegetables. carrots, beets, turnips, pumpkin, zucchini, cauliflower, raw potatoes (1 piece per week).
- Fruits. apricots, pears, apples.
- Fresh herbs. lettuce, spinach, onions.
- Dairy products. cottage cheese, sour cream, yogurt, kefir.
- Vegetable oils. sunflower, olive, linseed.
- Sea fish. boneless and cooked.
- Porridge. from buckwheat, rice and oatmeal.
- One egg once a week. Boiled or scrambled eggs.