Contraindications to the use of activated carbon in the treatment of diarrhea in cats are:
- Intolerance to the drug;
- Ulceration of the digestive tract;
- Internal bleeding;
- Intestinal atony.
You can give charcoal to kittens.
Activated carbon is odorless compressed tablets with a black color, packed in blisters. One blister usually contains 10 tablets.
An overdose of activated carbon can lead to the following consequences:
- Impaired absorption of nutrients;
- Decrease in body temperature and blood pressure;
- Vascular bleeding;
- Lower blood sugar.
Signs of overdose
Negative effects resulting from coal intake and overdose may include:
- Dry stool, difficulty passing it;
- Soreness of the abdomen (the animal does not allow you to touch it);
- The presence of seals in the intestinal area;
- Loss of elasticity in the skin due to dehydration (it can be determined by pulling the skin at the withers. the resulting fold will be pulled back more slowly than usual).
You can remove excess activated carbon from the intestines with the help of drugs that have a laxative and enveloping effect. These funds are given to cats only after receiving approval from a veterinarian.
The dosage of activated carbon in the treatment of cats is selected depending on the weight of the animals. The recommended dose is 0.1-0.2 grams per kilogram of body weight. For diarrhea, coal is given three times a day. Increase the dosage if necessary.
During treatment, the animal must drink plenty of water (at least 250 milliliters per day). Each tablet fed should have at least 10 milliliters of liquid.
Activated charcoal for cats with diarrhea. is it worth giving it?
Activated carbon is a well-known first aid for poisoning. Affordable and suitable for both adults and children, the drug is used everywhere. However, is it possible to give activated charcoal to cats with diarrhea??
About the drug
Activated carbon is a porous substance obtained from organic carbon-containing materials by special processing. The drug is included in the group of drugs used for poisoning, and is a strong adsorbent that absorbs and removes toxins from the body.
Activated charcoal can be given in the treatment of digestive disorders in any domestic (farm) animal (bird). Indications for the use of the drug in cats are:
- Poisoning by poor-quality feed, medicines, chemicals;
- Gastrointestinal tract infections. dysentery, salmonellosis;
- Disorders of the digestive tract, accompanied by bloating, flatulence;
- Renal failure;
- Severe diarrhea due to deworming;
- Allergic reactions to medicines, food;
- Prevention of poisoning (if you suspect the use of stale food or toxic substances).
The principle of action of activated carbon resembles a sponge. Once in the intestines, it absorbs harmful substances and removes them from the body. The drug does not enter the bloodstream and leaves the body with feces unchanged.
Required host actions
- Call the veterinarian.
- Stop feeding a sick animal.
- Give your cat activated charcoal.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Do not in any way affect diarrhea and vomiting, which are natural processes of the body’s release of toxins. However, if the frequency of these processes exceeds five to six times per day, this directly indicates severe dehydration. Contact your veterinarian for help immediately.
Dosage. Signs of animal poisoning
The owner of any pet must understand that in addition to a full cup of food and a clean tray, he must ensure the full safety of his pet. Following its hunting instincts or succumbing to ordinary curiosity, the animal can often find itself in dangerous situations. For example, tasting spoiled food can make an adult cat easily poisonous.
Regular licking of the wool, or rather, the remains of shampoo, anti-flea medicines, etc. May also contribute to pet discomfort.
In case of intoxication of the animal organism, the following symptoms are observed:
- Frequent loose stools, as well as urination;
- Vomiting or vomiting;
- Frequent breathing
- Complete lack of appetite;
- Dark urine;
- Dry nose;
- Bad breath;
- Dilated pupils;
- Habitual activity is replaced by drowsiness and apathy;
- Swelling of the tongue;
- Spatial orientation disorder;
- Decrease or increase in temperature;
- Muscle cramps, general paralysis;
- Loss of consciousness.
In the event that it is not possible to go to the vet immediately, it is necessary to give the cat activated charcoal for diarrhea or vomiting. There are no contraindications to the use of the drug, and you need to act as quickly as possible.
How to give your cat activated charcoal?
Adsorbents are preparations capable of absorbing various harmful substances, such as toxins, poisonous gases, salts of heavy metals, as well as normalizing the intestinal microflora and improving lipid metabolism. The most famous sorbent is activated carbon, which is used for poisoning of various etiologies of both humans and their four-legged friends. The product covers the gastric mucosa and prevents the penetration of toxic substances into the blood. Consider in what cases and what dosage activated charcoal for cats is prescribed.
The sorbent, once in the stomach, begins to act immediately. Particles of coal like a sponge absorb various toxins, allergens, poisonous substances.
It is necessary to take the drug no later than two hours after the first signs of poisoning appear. Since at this time a large amount of mucus is produced on the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, various bacteria living on the intestinal surface begin to multiply vigorously, which also, in turn, threatens with various complications. The body quickly dehydrates and loses strength, so activated charcoal should be given to a cat with diarrhea as soon as possible.
If you give activated charcoal to a cat with diarrhea, harmful components will immediately be absorbed along with bacteria, and then excreted along with feces in a natural way, helping to quickly cope with a sick body with malaise.
The medicine may not work only in a situation if the drug was taken too late and toxins have already entered the bloodstream.
A single dosage of activated charcoal for cats is one tablet. In this case, it is necessary to provide the pet with a full plentiful drink. at least one glass of water per day.
In a situation where it is not possible to give the four-legged a whole tablet, crushed coal, which can be mixed with water, is suitable for this purpose. The mixture must be given either with a teaspoon or with a syringe without a needle.
You can give your cats activated charcoal every four hours, no more than four times a day.
This remedy is not contraindicated for pregnant and lactating cats, it is completely safe. However, in case of pregnancy of an animal, treatment without consulting a veterinarian is highly undesirable.
For a two-month-old kitten, activated charcoal for diarrhea should be given half a tablet, it is better to dilute it a little with water, so it will be easier for the baby to swallow it.
For a kitten, whose age is from two to six months, the dose of activated charcoal for diarrhea may already be one tablet. It depends on the severity of painful symptoms, if diarrhea manifests itself more than three times a day, it is recommended to use a whole pill, with minor manifestations, you can limit yourself to half.
It should be noted that the kitten should be given activated charcoal for diarrhea immediately when the first symptoms of poisoning appear in order to have time to stop the process of poisonous toxins entering the bloodstream through the walls of the stomach and intestines.
Indications for use in cats
- Enhanced gas formation;
- Increased acidity of gastric juice;
- Urge to vomit;
- Particles of blood in the feces;
- Liver disease;
- Poisoning by chemicals and drugs.
Purpose and action of the drug
Activated carbon is produced in the form of pressed black tablets and packed in blisters. The tablets are odorless; when wet, they emit a hissing sound, since the coal actively absorbs water. The drug can be given in the form of whole or divided tablets, dry powder or wet gruel.
In the pharmacy, you can find several types of activated carbon:
- Standard, with a dosage of 1 tablet per 10 kg body weight.
- Charcoal marked “ultra” and similar. dosage 1 tablet per 20-30 kg of weight.
- White charcoal. based on silicon dioxide.
- Carbolene and analogues. granules or tablets, which are made from a mixture of several types of coal.
Some drugs contain excipients, to which, in very rare cases, a cat may develop an allergic reaction.
The charcoal starts to work when it gets into the stomach and intestines. Decaying into gruel, grains of coal actively absorb liquid, which is saturated with toxins. The main action of activated carbon is aimed at absorption, if we are not talking about a complex preparation.
With diarrhea, the intestinal mucous membranes work much more actively, which leads to an increase in the amount of mucus secreted. The longer the condition is ignored, the more unfriendly (pathogenic) bacteria appear in the intestines. You need to understand that the strength of bacteria is in the size of their colony. That is, when there are more pathogenic microbes, they destroy the beneficial bacteria.
Unfriendly bacteria irritate the intestinal mucosa, in response to which more mucus is secreted. It should be understood that the body spends a lot of energy and water on this process, and the main danger of diarrhea is dehydration. When there is not enough water in the cat’s body to produce mucus, pathogenic bacteria continue to multiply, that is, their concentration increases. If the cat receives food against the background of the ongoing process, physical damage to the intestines also occurs. At the same time, no nutrients from food are absorbed, since the intestinal walls are too edematous, and friendly bacteria are needed to fully process food.
Absorbents work like a sponge, they literally suck in toxins and expand. Activated carbon is not absorbed into the bloodstream and is quickly excreted naturally.
Treatment of diarrhea with activated charcoal implies only the elimination of poisons, the drug does not affect peristalsis or the speed of the digestive process. In the case of mild food poisoning, activated charcoal is excellent; in case of more serious intoxication, it may not be enough. If you are not sure what exactly the cat poisoned with, you should combine coal with Atoxil, Smecta or similar preparations.
As mentioned above, this drug does not cause side effects and complications, however, if the dosage is significantly exceeded, constipation is possible. Let’s make a reservation right away that the cat and even more so the kitten does not need to be given more than 2 tablets at a time, because each of them is designed for 10 kg of weight.
If the animal is given too much coal, the stool becomes too dry and dense, which prevents them from moving through the intestines. You can get out of this situation by giving the animal plenty of fluids and enveloping preparations. Noticing that the pet does not go to the toilet after taking coal for more than a day, you need to contact your veterinarian. Dry stool can form a plug, meaning the pet will develop a blockage in the intestines.
How to properly give activated charcoal to a cat with diarrhea: dosage, advice, recommendations
How to properly give activated charcoal to a cat with diarrhea: dosage, advice, recommendations
Is it necessary to give activated charcoal to a cat for diarrhea and, if necessary, how much? Is it worth treating diarrhea and how not to harm your pet? Immediately, we note that in most cases, diarrhea needs to be treated or at least controlled.
Activated charcoal is an absorbent that actually cannot harm a cat, but it is not a panacea either. The tablets are sold in almost all human pharmacies, but the instructions do not contain data on their treatment of animals.
Is it possible to give activated carbon without a doctor’s prescription?
Diarrhea in cats can indicate the body’s reaction to poisoning, allergies, or even stress. Many owners believe that milk is good for cats and persist in giving it, although some adult animals develop lactose intolerance. Diarrhea can develop if the cat’s diet changes abruptly, for example, when kept on industrial feed, you treated the cat to raw meat or fish. Worms are another common cause of diarrhea in cats.
When treating diarrhea, it is not the symptom that needs to be eliminated, but the cause of the disruption of the digestive system. If you choose to treat only the symptom, you run the risk of missing out on a more serious condition affecting the digestive system, such as diabetes.
Without a doubt, you can use coal when eating low-quality foods. It is important to give the cat the drug as soon as possible, since activated charcoal will not affect toxins in the bloodstream. Give charcoal as a first aid if you know the cause, for example, if your cat has been poisoned with household chemicals. Be sure to consult a doctor after providing first aid, since coal acts only locally, and in case of severe intoxication, you need to cleanse the blood.
A cat who has received food poisoning should be constantly monitored. Your job is not to feed your pet or affect diarrhea or vomiting. Feeding in case of poisoning will only aggravate the situation, and vomiting and diarrhea are natural methods of cleansing the body, so they cannot be stopped in the acute stage of poisoning. You need to be wary if vomiting or diarrhea is repeated more than 5-6 times a day. The situation may not be critical, but it will become so if the body loses too much water.
In case of refusal of water, a decrease in body temperature or any neuralgic disorders, immediately contact your veterinarian. Not everyone, even food poisoning, can be stopped at home. Colonies of dangerous bacteria and viruses can live in spoiled food, which are eliminated by certain drugs, and absorbents are harmless to them.
For the correct calculation of the dosage, you need to study the instructions for the drug. Usually, doctors prescribe dosages according to the following logic:
Dosage of activated carbon 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight.
The cat weighs 5 kg.
The prescribed dose, half a pill, is doubled. we get 1 pill per dose.
Such a strong excess of the dosage is explained by the harmlessness of the drug and the fact that the cat can spit out most of the drug during the drinking process. The first day the animal is given the full prescribed dose. With positive dynamics, by the second day, the dosage is halved.
Why Cats Can Get Poisoned
If there is a pet in the house, especially a small one, then each owner should understand that his pet is not immune from various unpleasant incidents, in particular, from poisoning. Cats are very inquisitive but wary animals. They can rarely accidentally poison themselves, since they have a very strong sense of smell. But a kitten is more likely to face such force majeure, since babies have either no sense of smell completely or weakened. Sometimes they like to feast on some kind of food that is not at all intended for a fragile stomach, the result of this curiosity can be food poisoning, indigestion with diarrhea.
Many owners are confident that if the cat does not leave the home, then poisoning does not threaten it. This is a typical misconception. According to statistics cited by veterinarians, 10% of all cases of visits to animal clinics are due to poisoning. The reason for this may be the natural curiosity and hunting instinct of cats (they like to try new substances, plants on their teeth), spoiled food, expired food, or even their habit of constantly licking their fur (it is on the fluffy “fur coat” that dangerous substances can get into. poorly washed flea shampoo, chemicals).
In most cases, an adult animal “owes” its poisoning to its owners, who, with their carelessness and careless actions, endangered the life and health of the pet. This includes inappropriate treatment of the cat with potent drugs or insecticides. drugs to combat rodents in the house. These products contain toxic chemicals that are unsafe for the body of furry pets. The cat cannot digest them on its own.
The owner of the animal should be aware of the symptoms that will help determine that his pet has poisoning:
- Breathing quickened;
- Manifestation of allergic reactions;
- Behavior change;
- Refusal to eat;
- Strong salivation;
- Trembling all over the body;
- Impaired coordination of movement;
- Dilation of the pupils;
- Loss of consciousness.
The surest and safest way to help a cat in case of poisoning is to immediately contact a veterinarian. However, this is not always possible. If the owner realizes that the animal has been poisoned, he can give him activated charcoal, which is available in the first-aid kit for everyone, without exception.
How to give your cat activated charcoal
Activated carbon is carbon of animal or vegetable origin that has undergone special processing. Refers to a group of medicines used for various kinds of poisoning. Acts as a powerful absorbent that absorbs alkaloids, gases, toxins, poisons, heavy metal salts and removes it from the body. If its use by humans does not cause any controversy, then many owners of four-legged pets are concerned about the questions: how to give the cat activated charcoal, is it possible to do this at all, will it harm the health of the animal?
How to give your cat activated charcoal
Veterinarians assure that activated charcoal will not harm the cat’s health, so it can be given. It does not cause side effects, the main thing is to strictly observe the dosage. Self-medication is dangerous, but if signs of poisoning appear, the owner must take urgent measures. First, move your pet outside or at least open a window to provide the necessary oxygen supply. Secondly, it is very important to understand what could have caused the cause of the poisoning.
Dosage of activated carbon:
- Adult animals. 1 tablet per 10 kilograms of weight;
- Kitten. half a tablet.
For better assimilation, the coal is pre-crushed to a powder state, then diluted with a small amount of boiled water, stirred thoroughly and injected into the cat’s oral cavity using a spoon or syringe (without a needle). If the animal has not lost its appetite, the tablets can be mixed with food.
The drug is very effective in poisoning, even if it is caused by the bite of a blister beetle.
Some cats are very capricious and may refuse to take medication. Here the owner will need a certain skill. You need to take a blanket or a piece of dense fabric, wrap the pet in it so that it cannot break loose or release its claws. First, the neck is wrapped under the chin, then the shoulders, after which the whole body is “swaddled”. Thus, only the animal’s muzzle remains not wrapped.
Next, the cat should be put on its knees, so that it looks at the owner, and open its mouth. You can cheat and show the animal something tasty, so that his instinct works, and the pussy substituted the lower jaw of the owner. At this point, you should put the pill on the root or side of the tongue and close the cat’s mouth.
It must be borne in mind that if the pet is unconscious, then it is better to wait for the arrival of the veterinarian and not try to give medicine. It is absolutely pointless to induce vomiting, since most of the poisonous substance has already entered the intestines and absorbed into the blood.
How does activated carbon work on an animal’s body in case of poisoning? Once in the gastrointestinal tract, the black absorbent neutralizes toxic substances and promotes their excretion along with feces. It will take three to seven days to give charcoal to completely eliminate toxins, depending on the cat’s health. If after a week there is no improvement, you should contact your veterinarian who will prescribe the appropriate treatment. In case of severe poisoning, activated carbon alone is not enough.
What if you didn’t have activated carbon at hand? A good alternative is 3% hydrogen peroxide, which is used to flush your pet’s stomach. The dosage is 1 teaspoon per 2.5 kilograms of animal weight. Peroxide is injected with a spoon or syringe. The cat must be given three times with an interval of 15 minutes.
Some experts believe that activated charcoal should be given to the pet as a preventive measure to avoid digestive problems, especially if the cat is not home. For this ¼ part of the absorbent is crushed and mixed into the feed. Although many veterinarians disagree with this point of view, explaining that animals, which the owners let go for a walk on the street, feeling unwell, are treated independently, looking for creeping wheatgrass. a special plant that has the ability to cleanse the stomach. After eating herbs, they regurgitate it along with the contents of the stomach, thus, natural self-cleaning occurs with the help of a natural absorbent.
Activated carbon is a sorbent characterized by high efficiency. Suitable for use in case of poisoning with gases, food, salts of heavy metals.
The medicine does not have toxicity; if used correctly, it does not provoke the development of unpleasant sensations.
Approved for use in adults and children. Can be applied to animals. Available in the form of tablets, black powders.
Dogs are prescribed for allergic reactions, poisoning, diarrhea.
Can you give your dog activated charcoal and what is the dosage ?
Activated charcoal is one of the most famous remedies used for various problems with the digestive system. The medicine is allowed to be used not only by people, but also by animals. How do you give your dog activated charcoal? What dosage is acceptable for animals?
The digestive system of dogs is much more sensitive than that of humans. Intestinal disorders are not uncommon.
The animal’s stool is disturbed, which leads to dehydration and leaching of beneficial microelements. Why is this happening? There are a number of causes and factors that cause diarrhea in a dog.
- Improper diet, fatty foods, excess feed;
- Poisoning with chemical compounds;
- Helminthic invasion;
- A sharp change in diet;
- The ingestion of foreign objects into the intestines;
- For allergies;
- Infectious diseases;
- Lack of important vitamins and minerals;
- Stomach damage, cancer;
Constant diarrhea causes the dog to become lethargic and lose appetite. If diarrhea is caused by one of the described reasons, then treatment must be started immediately. Diarrhea is a serious problem. (you can offer not only charcoal, but also rehydration for the dog)
After some time, dehydration develops, and pathogenic bacteria continue to spread in the intestines, irritating it. It is unacceptable to feed the animal during this period, food will not be digested, and diarrhea will worsen.
How does pet poisoning manifest? Serious intoxication is characterized by intense symptoms and signs.
- Increased saliva production, foam from the mouth;
- Severe vomiting, bile is present in the masses, food debris;
- Frequent heartbeat;
- Change in body temperature up or down;
- Convulsive manifestations;
- Weakness, lethargy, apathy;
- Altered color of the mucous membranes;
The appearance of suspicious symptoms at the same time as diarrhea is a serious reason for seeking medical attention.
Can i give charcoal to a dog?
Can a dog be given this drug? This sorbent is used for animals. Charcoal helps to remove toxic substances from the body, does not allow toxic compounds to be absorbed into the intestines.
The product is tasteless and odorless, so just give it to the dog. When using it, you must follow the instructions and calculate exactly how much activated carbon is allowed to give your pet.
How to give your dog activated charcoal?
How to give a pill to an animal? Not every dog is ready to swallow medicine. However, there are several ways to give your dog medication.
- Place the pill on the root of the tongue. The mouth is kept closed until the animal has swallowed the drug.
- Grind the medicine into powder and mix with liquid food. The medicine has no taste, so the dog will swallow it easily.
- Prepare a solution. crush a tablet and mix with water. Pour the finished product into the dog’s mouth. In this form, the medicine is easy to give to a puppy or small individuals.
Thus, it is possible to water a pet with activated charcoal if you use dexterity and cunning.
What to do if your dog is poisoned?
If you find signs of poisoning in a dog, you need to contact your veterinarian. In the first hours, you need to provide medical attention to your pet. Carry out actions to remove poison and normalize the condition of the dog.
- First, the stomach is washed with a large volume of water. The solution is poured into the mouth with a syringe or bottle. It is allowed to use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then a gag reflex is provoked.
- After the procedure, the dog is given sorbents.
- To alleviate the condition, you can do an enema, this will help to quickly release the body from toxins.
Further treatment is carried out by a veterinarian in a specialized institution. He will determine how to properly administer medications to your pet.
When to give medicine?
When is the use of this drug permissible? There are several indications when the substance will be useful for the animal.
- Disruption of the digestive system;
- Allergic reactions to food;
- Liver disease;
- Poisoning with various substances;
- Bowel disorder, diarrhea;
- Infectious diseases;
The drug does not harm the animal, but it is not recommended to abuse it.
It is allowed to replace the drug with its analogue. white coal. A similar agent contains silicon dioxide, which binds and removes toxic compounds from the dog’s stomach and intestines.
Contraindications when taking
This sorbent does not cause serious harm to the body. However, there are cases in which it is not recommended to use such a medicine.
- Bleeding in the stomach or intestines;
- Ulcerative diseases;
- Connection intolerance;
If the dog does not have such phenomena, then you can safely use activated carbon to get rid of diseases.
In case of constipation from taking activated charcoal, it is recommended to give the dog a little oil, drink a large volume of water.
The dog is allowed to give activated charcoal in many cases. With proper use, the medication will help you quickly get rid of discomfort and remove toxic substances from the body. However, it is recommended to remember that if the animal’s diarrhea persists, then a visit to the veterinary clinic is mandatory. Timely help will save the dog’s life.
Can a cat be given activated charcoal??
The cat is already accustomed to the fact that it can be given activated charcoal for prevention purposes.
And this happens every time after eating something while walking. In this case, you just need to take preventive measures for the cat.
Activated carbon from a regular pharmacy, is it possible?
In this case, funds from a human home medicine cabinet come to the aid of the owners. One of these products is activated carbon. But before giving it to a cat, you need to know how to use it correctly.
How to properly give activated charcoal to a cat. Can you give your cat activated charcoal: dosage
When a cat or kitten lives in the house, the owner should always be ready for any unforeseen circumstances, such as vomiting or diarrhea in the animal. One of the most annoying feline problems is poisoning. Although cats are very picky about their food, there are still many things that arouse the pet’s curiosity. For example, a kitten can easily eat something completely unsuitable for consumption, and suffer greatly from this. It’s bad that there is no ambulance for animals. What if the symptoms of poisoning began at night? How to help your cat until you manage to take her to the doctor?
Prevention of poisoning in cats
One tablet a day is enough for prevention.
A little activated charcoal is added to the cat’s breakfast. this helps the pet to avoid food poisoning. For prevention, one tablet a day is enough. It is ground into dust and mixed into the food of the animal. If the cat refuses to eat such food, then the dust is dissolved in water and poured into the pet’s mouth with a syringe.
It often happens that a pet himself can chew a pill with pleasure.
During vomiting, the cat can refuse to eat, so it is better to crush the tablet, mix with water and pour into the pet’s mouth. Activated carbon is completely harmless to cats. It is an excellent absorbent and good for first aid. In the stomach, coal collects all toxins and removes them outside with feces.
Activated charcoal when bitten by the Naryvnik beetle
When walking in nature, a cat can be bitten by a blister beetle.
If diarrhea and vomiting in a cat is caused by the bite of the Naryvnik beetle, then activated charcoal is suitable for first aid. This small beetle weighing 6 grams can even kill a horse with its bite. And for a cat, he is much more dangerous.
Side effects and contraindications in the treatment of activated carbon
With prolonged use of coal, constipation, diarrhea with black stools are possible. In the body of an animal, calcium, fats, proteins, vitamins and hormones can be poorly absorbed. Therefore, as a preventive measure, give them a drink of the cat 10 days every 2-3 months.
Activated charcoal is prohibited for animals with stomach ulcers. Also, do not give it to your cat if you are also giving it anti-toxic drugs. The effect of these medications occurs after they are absorbed in the stomach, and charcoal can prevent this.
If your cat’s condition gets worse after taking activated charcoal, do not give it any more. Contact your veterinarian as soon as possible, because there is a possibility that your pet has an intolerance to the absorbent.
Activated carbon is not contraindicated for kittens.
If you have undertaken to provide first aid to your pet, try not to overdo it. You should always follow the dosage of charcoal, and it is best to consult a veterinarian. It is he who will be able to tell for sure whether activated charcoal will help your cat with these symptoms.
Take care of your pet, do not allow it to feed on waste outside, and take precautions at home. If you give your pet proper attention and care, then the pet will delight you with its active presence every day.
Can charcoal be given to a pregnant or lactating cat??
The body of a future mother cat is especially vulnerable. Give any medications during this period only with the approval of your veterinarian. And although, according to the instructions, the drug can be used during pregnancy and lactation, it is better to give preference to more modern drugs.
Contraindications and side effects
You can not give medicine for organic damage to the gastrointestinal tract:
- Gastrointestinal bleeding;
- Violations of the integrity of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract (ulcers, erosion).
Very rarely, but the animal may show an individual intolerance to the drug.
- Difficulty defecating (constipation);
- Staining faeces black.
It is not recommended to give it to kittens up to six months of age due to the traumatic effect of particles on the delicate intestinal mucosa.
Since the sorbent does not have a selective effect, it is able to neutralize the effect of other drugs prescribed by a veterinarian. Therefore, when giving an adsorbent to a pet, you need to withstand a two-hour break between taking coal and other drugs.
Activated carbon in veterinary medicine
Sorbent belongs to the group of enterosorbents. It is used to bind toxins in the intestines and stomach. The molecules of the toxic substance seem to adhere to the porous surface of the particles of coal and together with it leave the body during the excrement of the animal.
This cat drug is used to bind poisons and endotoxins in the digestive tract.
How to give your cat activated charcoal?
There are two ways to feed your cat coal.
The first is to give the whole pill to the animal. This method is suitable if the pet is large enough to swallow it painlessly. The cat is fixed, the mouth is opened and the tablet is pushed onto the root of the tongue. To avoid damaging your fingers, use a medical tweezers or a special device (tablet dispenser).
The second way is to crush the tablets and dissolve them in water. Actually, coal does not dissolve in water, but forms a suspension. 1 tablet requires 5-10 ml of water. This method is preferable, since it significantly increases the adsorbent surface of the drug. In this case, the cat is easier to force to swallow liquid than a pill.
Do not give your cat undiluted, dry powder. This can lead to particles of coal entering the respiratory tract.
A liquid mixture of coal is poured into the mouth of the animal from a syringe without a needle or from a syringe. The syringe cannula is inserted into the corner of the cat’s mouth, trying to get into the gap between the last teeth.
How does the sorbent work on animals
The drug has no selective effect. It removes not only poisons from the gastrointestinal tract, but also vitamins, amino acids, lipids, and other nutrients. Therefore, using it for several weeks can cause nutrient deficiencies.
At the same time, the absorption capacity is more pronounced in relation to some groups of medicinal substances:
Coal is not an antidote.
Substances poorly bound by this sorbent:
- Corrosive acids and alkalis;
- Heavy metals;
- Halogens and their compounds;
- Nitrates and nitrites;
- Petroleum products;
- Paintball paint.
The drug absorbs gases in the intestines, thereby reducing the manifestations of flatulence. The sorbent is excreted in an unchanged form about ten hours after taking the medicine. In this case, the feces are painted gray or black.
The drug is available in the form of tablets of 0.25 or 0.5 g or in the form of capsules of 110, 220 or 250 mg. It is sold in a regular pharmacy.
How the sorbent is used
The drug is given orally two hours before or after feeding. The dosage depends on the disease. According to the instructions, the amount of the drug per one kg of the cat’s weight should be from 0.2 to 2 g per day. This amount of the drug is divided into 2-4 doses.
Can cats be given activated charcoal??
This medication is very popular with pet owners, but you need to know how to use it correctly. Traditionally, coal is given for diarrhea and poisoning. In the last century, it was one of the most popular sorbents. Now its use in medicine is limited, as a new generation of drugs has appeared. In veterinary medicine, the drug is still widely used due to its availability and low cost.
Indications for use
According to the instructions, the drug is used for such diseases:
- Poisoning with poisons and drugs;
- Allergic dermatitis;
- Increased gas production in the intestines;
- Liver pathology;
- Acute infectious diseases that disrupt digestion.
After the examination, the doctor will give recommendations on taking the sorbent.
For chronic diseases
The drug is prescribed for allergic dermatitis as an adjuvant. It is believed to bind toxic products of autoimmune reactions.
It is used to reduce general intoxication with increased acidity of gastric contents, excessive bile production, and chronic liver diseases.
Treatment courses are long enough. The drug is given for two weeks, then they take a break for 7-10 days, then the course is repeated. Dosage. 1 tablet 2-3 times a day.
The veterinarian may prescribe a sorbent in preparation for diagnostic tests (ultrasound or abdominal x-ray) to free the intestines from gases.