a way to determine the sex of a budgerigar by eye
There are several ways to determine the sex of the budgerigar. They differ both in the degree of accuracy and in the labor costs of the determinant. Some options will require you to know the intricacies of the color palette, while others will completely free you from worries and doubts, but will cost a pretty penny. Wondering how to tell the difference between a female and a male budgerigar? Our article will help you become a pro in this matter.
An important nuance of sex determination by wax
In the process of growing up, the color of the wax will change. This means that the colors you would expect in chicks will be different from those in adults. So, the sex determination of a budgerigar can be divided into two strategies: one is suitable for chicks, the other is for sexually mature parrots. Also, the budgerigar wax can tell about its age, which will not be superfluous information when buying.
Voskovitsa as the main way to determine the sex of the budgerigar
How to find out the sex of a budgerigar if there is no laboratory at hand, but you need to determine whether it is a female or a male here and now? The simplest and most accurate way will be the color of the supra-beak formation on which the nostrils are located in parrots. waxes. Of course, this method will take practice, because it is problematic to keep all these color transition schemes in mind. That is why we recommend that you print or write down this information if you only need it for one time when purchasing a bird.
Trying to understand how to determine the sex of a budgerigar even in his childhood, we first of all need to figure out the possible color scales of males and females. It is important to know that in young birds the color of the wax can change during the day, which means that it is worth observing the chick for a while or taking a couple of photographs by which it will be possible to navigate. You can start making assumptions about the sex, starting from a period of 3-4 weeks.
Primary colors: range of pink, light purple, blue.
The wax is colored unevenly, around the nostrils are light circles close to white, without impurities of shades.
If the color of the beak is purple, and this color happens to both girls and boys, the color of the female wax will give more blueness.
If the chick has a pink tint of wax, which can be a sign of both the male and the female, then be guided by the uniformity of color and the peri-spinal circles.
These birds are inhabitants of the light forests of the African continent. Their body length reaches 11 cm. They have a dull color of plumage. The head, throat and nape are colored red-brown, the back and wings are dark brown, the tail feathers are black. The belly, sides and area under the tail are yellowish, beige or white in color. As the name implies, these finches have a silvery beak.
Ornithologists know about the existence of 4 subspecies of the wild silver-billed finch, which differ slightly in the color of their feathers. In captivity, many varieties of these birds have been bred. Such finches live next to a person for up to 8 years.
According to the color of the plumage, the female and the male differ in the following species and subspecies:
- Zebra: The base color is gray, males have a brown-white mark on the neck, which is separated by a black stripe starting in the eye region. Zebra pattern on the chest. alternating dark and light stripes, brown tint on the sides. The female does not have this color.
- Red-headed: only the male has a red head, brown with black and white spots on the chest, throat and belly, and a striped pattern.
- Red-throated: males have a more saturated brown spot on the chest against the background of the main brown color. In females, the plumage is more faded, does not have bright colors and red color on the throat.
- Chestnut-breasted: Boys have a snow-white tummy, chest and sides with dark stripes. Girls also have stripes, but they are much narrower, and the belly with a gray tint.
- Bronze-winged: Males are more black on the head and tail than females. In addition, in males, green-bronze stripes on the sides are clearly visible, while in females they are blurred.
- Mourning: the boy has a black stripe at the end of the back and at the base of the tail; feathers with a black border grow on the sides. The girl has a much narrower strip above the tail, and the border on the feathers is lighter.
The habitat of red-throated finches is Southeast Africa. These birds grow up to 12 cm in length. They have brown plumage with dark transverse stripes. Males have a red horizontal stripe on the throat and a chestnut spot on the belly. When the male sits, the red stripe resembles the letter V in shape.
In captivity, these birds love space. large aviaries and cages. They get along well with rice, grass, red-billed finches, as well as canaries. Suitable for content for beginners.
In those species in which sexual dimorphism is not expressed in the color of the plumage, the sex is determined by the sounds emitted. As a rule, males sing longer and more beautifully. They perform more complex compositions. But females either keep quiet most of the time, or make fragmentary quiet sounds. It’s hard to call it singing.
You can hear the voice of birds starting from 4-5 months of age. The same age is recommended for the purchase of finches.
The size and color of the beak can also determine the sex of the bird. So, in zebra finches, the boy’s beak is painted in a more saturated red color, and in the girl it is diluted with an orange tint. Usually, this organ is larger in males. Another difference is the hump at the base of the beak, which is possessed by males of some species.
Representatives of this species are distinguished by the largest body. its length reaches 13-15 cm. Indonesia is considered their homeland, from where they spread throughout the world. At one time, the white rice finch was a fairly popular variety. only wealthy people could afford it.
Rice finches have black head and tail, white cheeks, gray with blue chest, back and wings, bright red beak and eyelids. The female‘s beak and eyelids are carrot-colored.
“Risovka” is unpretentious and benevolent, therefore it is popular with breeders. The bird’s curiosity and cheerfulness make it an interesting object to observe. Can be caged with parrots. Rice finches are more resilient than other varieties and have a longer lifespan.
What finches are most common
There are about 38 types of finches and about 300 subspecies in the world, which mainly differ in plumage colors. We will introduce you to the most popular.
Found on the banks of rivers and lakes and occasionally in the mountains of Australia and New Guinea. They live in pairs, and during nesting they gather in flocks. At the same time, they can harm agriculture, flying to the fields to search for food.
The female and male can be distinguished by the black mowing line located on the chest: in girls it is much narrower than in boys. In addition, the female’s breast is not white, but gray. In general, feathers are colored almost the same in both sexes. The most common birds are those with gray heads, black cheeks and throats, chestnut chest, white belly, light gray back and light brown wings.
Chestnut-breasted finches are well adapted to cellular habitation. They have a calm, balanced character and get along well in the same territory with other species.
How to distinguish budgerigars in terms of gender by secondary external signs
It is definitely impossible to navigate by these signs. It may be so, but not necessary. We can say that these are myths!
In addition to increased activity and a calm nature, males differ from females in their larger size. this is conceived by nature itself so that the male is stronger and attracts his partner with his bright appearance.
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The head of a pet can also answer the question of how to distinguish the sex of parrots, if you carefully examine it. In females, the head is higher due to the fact that it is slightly flattened at the back, and the forehead is sharper.
In the male, the crown is more extensive, and therefore the head is visually flatter and less in height. But these are, of course, not always obvious signs. Only genetic analysis is obvious. In all other cases, alas, surprises are possible.
Some say that girls are more capricious in their food, but this is not at all the case. It all depends on the specific bird, feeding should be varied in any case, regardless of whether you have a male or a female.
How does a female budgerigar differ from a male in behavior and why is it important
The first reason why owners think about how to distinguish a female from a male budgerigar is a question about the name.
I would like to come up with an original and funny nickname that would correspond to the bird. If suddenly Kesha begins to lay eggs when he grows up, it will be too late to accustom the birdie to a different name.
Or another situation. Masha and Petya live with you, you plan to get chicks from them, but they are not and will not be, because, it turns out, they are of the same sex.
The second reason when the question is asked how to determine the sex of these funny birds is the different behavior of females and males when living together.
If you do not think in time how to determine the sex of the budgie that lives in the house and add a second one to it (also it is not clear what sex), then the consequences can be very unpleasant.
Some people who want to have a budgerigar at home want to have a talking bird and again. it will be a female budgerigar or a male, an important question, because, according to everyone’s conviction and experience, it is easier to teach a male to speak.
Although, females also talk, and much clearer and more understandable than males. But in order to teach them to speak, more patience and strength will be needed.
The behavior of females and males is also important for their owners: they react differently to being picked up. The male, for example, is more liberal in this respect, bites less often, makes less noise and breaks loose, and their bites are almost painless, they just show their displeasure with them.
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It is also important to find out the sex of a parrot in advance because males are generally less noisy and more talkative, and if the goal is to have a quiet and calm bird purely for beauty and soul, it is better to buy a male.
Budgerigar wax. the main way to determine the sex of a parrot
When the budgerigar is still a nestling, it is very difficult to determine its sex accurately. Budgerigar wax wax changes its color from different shades of pink and purple to pale lilac and blue at an early age.
Very often the pigmentation is so strong that it is generally difficult to see the color of the wax. This is especially true in blackbills. If you buy a completely chick from the nest, do not be offended by the breeder, he can really make a mistake with the sex of the bird. After all, it makes no difference to him whom to sell, male or female, the demand is the same for everyone.
The only way to determine the sex of a parrot in this way (albeit not one hundred percent correct), while it is still small, is to carefully examine its waxen: female chicks most often, with any color, will have rings of a lighter color, sometimes even white, around the nostrils. But this is not necessary either. Very often motley birds “hide” their sex. These are generally surprise birds.
After 2-3 months, the floor is visible! Over time, the budgerigar waxworm will more accurately answer the question of how to distinguish the sex of the pets. Already at the age of 3 months, you can notice clear differences in the color of the wax in budgies: in males it becomes bright blue, gradually acquires a more intense and dark shade, and in mature females, the wax is pinkish, beige, even brown.
Very rarely, the female budgerigar’s wax is pale blue or blue, but the white ring around the nostrils is more clearly visible.
In the male budgerigar, the wax color changes with age steadily in terms of darkening, that is, the blue color becomes more and more intense, and in the very adult male the wax is dark blue.
Also, during the period when the female seeks to acquire offspring, the wavy parrot female thickens, becomes bumpy and rough, even a barely noticeable growth can form on it.
Sometimes, however, different diseases can also give a similar picture. For example, hyperkeratosis gives the growth of the wax.
How to Distinguish Budget Parrots by Sexual Behavior
Grown up males, if they live alone, begin to imitate sexual intercourse with age, choosing for this some kind of toy in a cage (females can also do this, but extremely rarely). A male, if he has a mirror in his cage, will spend most of his time near him; females, as a rule, are indifferent to the mirror or pay attention to it only occasionally.
Is Your Parrot Male or Female?
Well, the most important example of how to distinguish the sex of parrots is easy by their behavior, if they are already sexually mature. females can lay eggs, even if they are empty, even without contact with males, and males will never do this.
How can you tell budgies by gender
There are living creatures that will never lose popularity as pets, regardless of any fashion, and among them are budgerigars.
To ensure the correct living conditions in the house for any animal, you need to familiarize yourself with the important features of your pet, in particular. you need to find out the gender of the parrot, specifically the wavy.
How to tell a male budgerigar from a female using DNA testing
The modern level of science will easily help answer the question of how to determine the sex of a budgerigar. DNA analysis, carried out in order to determine sex chromosomes, now requires only a feather, which is taken from a bird (more recently, for this analysis it was necessary to take a smear or blood, but now the level of genetics allows you to do only with a feather).
The analysis gives almost one hundred percent result, but it is very expensive and is not done in all clinics, so it makes sense to do it if the pet is a very rare species and costs a substantial amount. With ordinary budgies, no breeder will bother.
Photos and videos will allow you to get acquainted in more detail with all the external signs by which you can determine the sex of budgerigars.
How to determine the sex of a lovebird
Lovebird parrots are very cheerful and positive birds that live well even in the most ordinary apartments. They are not particularly picky, very unpredictable, which makes observing their small world very exciting, and communication will surely charge you with positive emotions.
Parrots of this species can live alone, but in a pair they will feel better, and their life expectancy will be longer. These birds mate only once and remain faithful to each other throughout their lives.
How to determine the sex of a lovebird if the female is visually almost indistinguishable from the male?
Each pet buyer can be recommended to go to the veterinary laboratory, where all the necessary sex tests will be taken, but these are quite expensive procedures.
It is much easier to pay attention to the formed pairs of parrots and their behavior.
When it is not possible to acquire both a female and a male at once:
Then, when the parrot is present among the rest of the individuals, the size can be compared. Females are slightly smaller than males. However, the difference is often subtle.
Attention should be paid to the profile of the parrot‘s head. The male has a more elongated, flat head, a more flattened nape. The female has a taller skull, a bit like a dome.
But since the head of each creature is its individual feature, it is impossible to rely only on the shape of the head when answering the question of how to determine the sex of a lovebird.
Large beak of saturated color is inherent in males.
Bird watchers have no difficulty in determining gender from the hip bones. The male has a gap of 0.5 cm between them, and the female has about 1 cm.
A middle-aged female, which had several broods, sits on a pole with legs wide apart. The stronger sex prefers to lean forward a little.
Females are not very agreeable, unlike males, and are not given into the hands of even the owner, with whom they have lived in the same territory for years.
If there is any paper in the cage, the male may not even pay attention to it, or he will divide it into pieces. During mating periods, when the male prefers to rub against the cage bars, the female will stock up on everything that she comes across for the subsequent construction of the nest.
A method that is best not to resort to when determining the sex of lovebirds is to take the bird by the legs and turn it head down. Despite the situation, males remain calm and can be so without any signs of panic. The female is very frightened and tries to snuggle up to her hand.
In cases where parrots do not have a desire to build a nest, while they constantly have conflicts, it can be assumed that lovebirds are of the same sex and then it is better to go to the veterinary clinic for advice.
Birds that have made a choice and created a pair are the surest way to get rid of the problem of how to determine the sex of a lovebird. Although it does not give 100% certainty, since, among couples living in captivity, same-sex marriages are often found.
How to determine the sex of a cockatiel parrot
There are many ways to determine the sex of cockatiel parrots. People who want to start breeding these birds must be able to do this. Without this knowledge, you can accidentally acquire a female instead of a male and vice versa. Or give the parrot the wrong name. After reading this article, you will learn to distinguish between females and males of cockatiels as well as us.
It is easiest to distinguish the sex of a cockatiel, which has a natural plumage color. A wild-colored boy has a gray body and a yellow mask. Its crest is colored olive-gray-yellow. Male cockatiels have an interesting distinctive feature. on each cheek there is a spot of almost round shape and bright orange color.
In female cockatiels of natural color, the plumage color is lighter than in boys. The mask is gray, there are light yellow strokes on the tuft. There are also spots on the cheeks, but their tint is yellow. With age, the spots begin to acquire an orange sheen, but it is not as bright as in males.
The main feature of female cockatiels is stripes on the tail and spots on the wings of a light yellow hue. In young males, they are also present, but only before the first molt. After the change of plumage, the marks on the tail and wings disappear in boys, while in females they remain.
White-winged, cinnamon, dark yellow and light gray cockatiels have the same differences between birds of different sexes as wild parrots.
It is very difficult to determine who is who if you get a cockatiel as a chick. Until the babies are three and a half months old, they look alike. But after this time, differences are outlined in the behavior of parrots.
Male cockatiels begin to sing at this age. True, their first attempts at singing only last a couple of weeks. Then, up to six months, until the first molt begins, difficulties with sex determination will begin again. Experienced breeders, noticing the first glimpses of singing talent in their wards, manage to mark them. For example, make a mark on the ring.
In the future, sex determination in cockatiels by their nature is based on the fact that males are more active than females. They love to “talk” and play, often banging their beaks on surfaces. Boys also jump interestingly and characteristically fold their wings in the shape of a heart. Females are calmer. Instead of vigorous games, they’d rather take another nap.
Differences in appearance and behavior of cockatiel parrots are not the only ways to find out the sex of these birds. The surest way is the peculiarities in the color of the feathers. But here there is one but. this method begins to work only after the parrot is nine to twelve months old, when the first change of plumage is completely finished.
The color of lutino stands out from other colorings of the plumage of cockatiels due to its bright yellow color. Due to the fact that visual differences are almost invisible, it is not so easy to determine the sex of a parrot. If you look closely, then females of lutino, like birds with a natural color, have yellow stripes on the tail and the same points on the wings. However, these markings are darker than those of “wild” cockatiels.
Albino cockatiels have white feathers and red eyes. Females, unlike males, have yellowish spots on the tail and wings. This makes males appear whiter.
Parrots with silver feathers have the same sex differences, only instead of yellow. a silver sheen.
How to find out if a female budgerigar is pregnant?
Indoor bird lovers are interested in how parrots breed. An inexperienced owner needs information on how to understand that the female budgerigar is pregnant, that is, she will soon lay eggs. The process is quite feasible at home and is successful. First of all, you need a couple of individuals of the opposite sex, which is in good relations. These beautiful birds are distinguished by their loyalty, they are jealous of each other. But in the absence of sympathy between them, the offspring will not work. It also happens: the parrots do not have a relationship, there are fights, noise and screams. Consequently, the first stage is the successful selection of a couple, ensuring a favorable acquaintance and creating good conditions. How is the pregnancy of the budgerigar, the laying of eggs, the appearance of chicks, we will consider further.
Signs of fertilization of the female, laying of eggs
Are there signs of pregnancy in the female and how to understand that she will soon lay an egg? For 30 hours after mating and successful fertilization, it will be delayed. After that, every 2 days, the bird will lay again (1 piece each), as a result, a clutch of 3 to 8 eggs is formed. Before the egg leaves, she intensively moves the lower part of the body. Whether a female budgerigar is pregnant is also recognized by a possible molt. The dropped feathers go to the construction of the nest. The bird becomes interested in the presence of a place for incubation. At the same time, the male often cleans himself, in a peculiar way walks around the cage for several hours. Observation during this period is very important: how to understand in time that the female budgerigar is already pregnant?
The question of how long and how the process proceeds is important, since there are a number of reasons for tracking the behavior of birds:
- The female builds a nest in the cage from everything she can reach.
- He performs all his usual procedures longer than usual, parrots sit a lot and conserve energy.
- Sometimes the aggressiveness of females is observed, which manifests itself more than the usual norm, or, conversely, the bird hides in a corner.
It is desirable for owners to be aware of the current events. What should a pregnant budgerigar female look like? Pregnancy in birds is observed according to the following physical signs:
- Loss of feathers in the female in the abdomen. the so-called hen spot that forms before laying.
- You can see how the tummy is rounded.
- The tail moves with the breath.
The bird pulls out feathers, eats foods with calcium, is constantly in the nest. Increased litter volume.
How do parrots appear
Professional breeders leave as many eggs in the clutch as is required for the quality care of wavy birds for the offspring. They believe that it is no more than 4 or 6 pieces in one nest. But those who breed chicks for sale are interested in more chicks and do not practice removal. The decision is influenced by the following reasons:
- If it happens that the female budgerigar lays 9 eggs within 18 days, she will not have time to feed everyone. Chicks will not be viable and not strong enough.
- Another situation is that the mother herself will throw out the chicks, which she considers unprepared for life, which will lead to their death. Therefore, experts prefer to remove excess eggs.
After the start of clutch, the female is constantly incubating. The budgerigar often visits her, feeds her, sitting near the clutch. It is quite possible to lock him in a cage. Sometimes both continue their normal life without changing their behavior. If the female does not sit on the laid egg, it is better to remove it. It is known that the parrot does not do this.
On a note! The countdown period before the departure of the first chick is 18 or 19 days.
The temperature of the clutch should be about the same as the mother’s body, i.e. 40 43 ° C. After chicks hatch, you need to make sure that they are fed, if all other circumstances are correct. The bird throws out the shell itself, so you should not often look into the nest.
The development of young animals can also be different. For example, the first chick has feathers, but the last one does not. Although the offspring grows very quickly. Gaining strength, babies explore their surroundings and get to their feet. The female pushes them away and tries to remove them from the nest, as she intends to mate again. After a month or 35 days, the children can leave their mother’s home, and after 2 months they hardly differ from their parents. Realizing that this is how a parrot gets offspring, you need to pay attention to the female. After all, she wants to mate again.
On a note! Owners must prevent fertilization from occurring more than 3 times in one year. This makes the bird very tired.
About the reproduction of wavy parrots
Some owners of wavy lines have an intention to multiply them. This is a very interesting process that includes a number of problems: matching a pair, how to determine that a female is pregnant, and some others.
Budgerigars are small birds from 15 to 40 cm. They belong to the parrot family and have a wide variety of colors. Celebrate their intelligence, love of singing and imitation of various sounds. The plumage is beautiful, almost all colors of the rainbow. Due to the fact that birds do not give birth, but lay eggs, it is believed that they cannot become pregnant in the traditional sense. But whatever the name of the process preceding the laying, the egg must be fertilized, otherwise no one will hatch from it. How to find out about a successful mating that produces offspring?
Before considering the question of how long a wavy pregnancy lasts, we will consider their characteristic properties and habits. Sexual maturity occurs at about 5 months, but this period can last up to 2.5 years, which is predetermined by the variety. The pair is formed for a long time, sometimes until the end of the bird’s life. Before you start breeding parrots, you need to follow the following sequence and rules:
- The couple is separated from the pack to prevent possible aggression. Sex can be distinguished by the pineal area above the beak. The color of the wax is determined by the variety and sex of the pet.
- Males destined for breeding must be fattened seeds and need vitamin supplements.
- Birds must mate repeatedly to form a fertile egg. In most cases, it will take more than 1 time.
At the moment of fertilization, the male sits on the female, spreading his wings. How to determine whether a parrot became pregnant after mating games, consider further.
Potential problems and complications
Paying attention to what a female budgerigar looks like when already pregnant, you need to be able to prevent problems. After the owners manage to find out that the female is fertilized, they track whether complications have arisen. For example, there was not enough vitamins in the diet, or the food was not varied, and there was not enough calcium. Then difficulties arise that the parrot cannot lay an egg. It gets stuck and presses on the internal organs, which often leads to the death of the female. This is another reason why and how to determine the pregnancy of a budgerigar.
Problematic circumstances are indicated by signs:
- the stomach is swollen;
- labored breathing;
- lameness (limping) due to nerve damage;
- prolonged sitting on the floor.
In such cases, it is clear that the parrot should be shown to the veterinarian. The specialist will check for the presence or absence of egg jam problems.
Signs of pregnancy in wavy beetles are often talked about in connection with the intention of their successful breeding. You just need to know a number of rules so that the process goes smoothly. First, it is the selection of a pair with mutual sympathy. Then it is recommended to plant them for a while in different cells, and after a week start to plant one to the other. When choosing, you should pay attention to good health, youthfulness of individuals, which ensures high-quality offspring. The breeding season is important. The best period is recommended in late spring. early summer. These principles are the key to successful hatching of chicks.
Albino males and females are colored white, their mask and forelock are yellow. The cheek spots are the same, the eyes are red. A slight difference in the female. on her wings and tail, as if they were sprinkled with pale yellow paint.
A very expressive mutation, it appears from the crossing of gray males with albino females. The result of selection is white cockatiels with a sunny yellow tint of feathers. The eyes of such stately individuals are habitually black. How to recognize a white male? The tail feathers on his tail are white, without impurities.
Cockatiels, despite the diminutiveness and seeming simplicity of color, have several variations of it. Most of them share common trends in terms of gender differences, but there are also nuances. One of the main differences is that the cheeks of females are pale pink, and that of males is closer to red.
As for the definition of a boy or a girl in cockatiels of crossed shades, the rules are the same as for the individuals closest to them in color.
Cockatiels, whose color is called “pearl”, look very impressive: their feathers have a special pattern in the form of pearls. The center of the feather is white or yellow, and the edges are darkened. The first molt deprives the male of all beauty, well, or it happens after a while, but the female remains a beauty for life.
Differences in the behavior of the female and the male
This point is especially accurate, but only if both species of parrots live together. For individuals, you can conduct the following experiment: Hang a small mirror in a parrot‘s cage, observing its behavior. If the pet is interested in this, he sang and began to behave more actively and more fun. this is a male.
Male cockatiels are often credited with good mental abilities, in contrast to females. This is a rather controversial assessment, because the point is in the differences in behavior inherent in nature: the females are much calmer, and the male is trying with all his might to win her favor.
You can even distinguish a male from a female by the manner of behaving: the boy always sits on the perch straight, proudly raising his head, while the female sits calmly, ruffled. If the bird resembles a downy ball. this is a female, if even outside the mating season the bird flies out of the cage to sit above and sing trills. this is a male.
Corella parrots are extremely cute birds, which is why they are so often made as friends for many years. The question of determining gender before the age of 12 months can only be evaluative on the basis of behavior. External parameters will become clearer only after molting.
The cockatiel parrot easily reproduces in captivity, and this suits breeders. Professional breeders, through many years of selection, have managed to breed many subspecies of these beautiful birds. Artificial breeding influenced the color of the plumage so much that all sexual characteristics were mixed. Now it can be difficult to recognize who is in front of us: a Corella boy or a girl.
These birds have different colors, with the exception of lutino. They have no yellow pigment. A clear peculiar feature is the absence of orange circles on the cheeks. The mask on the male’s head is pure white, females have an admixture of gray or cinnamon shades.
Bright color, artificially bred. The mutational gene suppresses the natural color, as a result, yellow parrots with an admixture of white appear. Red-eyed males are outwardly similar to females, like two drops of water, so it is extremely difficult to determine their gender. If you are lucky, you will find dark streaks on the tail of the bird, and dots on the wings, like in natural cockatiels. So, in front of you is a female.