home Birds How to identify a female or male parrot

How to identify a female or male parrot

How to Distinguish Budget Parrots by Sexual Behavior

Grown up males, if they live alone, begin to imitate sexual intercourse with age, choosing for this some kind of toy in a cage (females can also do this, but extremely rarely). A male, if he has a mirror in his cage, will spend most of his time near him; females, as a rule, are indifferent to the mirror or pay attention to it only occasionally.

Well, the most important example of how to distinguish the sex of parrots is easy by their behavior, if they are already sexually mature. females can lay eggs, even if they are empty, even without contact with males, and males will never do this.

How does a female budgerigar differ from a male in behavior and why is it important

The first reason why owners think about how to distinguish a female from a male budgerigar is a question about the name.

I would like to come up with an original and funny nickname that would correspond to the bird. If suddenly Kesha begins to lay eggs when he grows up, it will be too late to accustom the birdie to a different name.

Or another situation. Masha and Petya live with you, you plan to get chicks from them, but they are not and will not be, because, it turns out, they are of the same sex.

The second reason when the question is asked how to determine the sex of these funny birds is the different behavior of females and males when living together.

If you do not think in time how to determine the sex of the budgie that lives in the house and add a second one to it (also it is not clear what sex), then the consequences can be very unpleasant.

Some people who want to have a budgerigar at home want to have a talking bird and again. it will be a female budgerigar or a male, an important question, because, according to everyone’s conviction and experience, it is easier to teach a male to speak.

Although, females also speak, and, moreover, much clearer and more understandable than males. But in order to teach them to speak, more patience and strength will be needed.

The behavior of females and males is also important for their owners: they react differently to being picked up. The male, for example, is more liberal in this respect, bites less often, makes less noise and breaks loose, and their bites are almost painless, they just show their displeasure with them.

It is also important to find out the sex of a parrot in advance because males are generally less noisy and more talkative, and if the goal is to have a quiet and calm bird purely for beauty and soul, it is better to buy a male.

Budgerigar wax. the main way to determine the sex of a parrot

When the budgerigar is still a nestling, it is very difficult to determine its sex accurately. Budgerigar wax wax changes color from different shades of pink and purple to pale lilac and blue at an early age.

Very often the pigmentation is so strong that it is generally difficult to see the color of the wax. This is especially true in blackbills. If you buy a completely chick from the nest, do not be offended by the breeder, he can really make a mistake with the sex of the bird. After all, it makes no difference to him whom to sell, male or female, the demand is the same for everyone.

The only way to determine the sex of a parrot in this way (albeit not one hundred percent correct), while it is still small, is to carefully examine its waxen: female chicks most often, with any color, will have rings of a lighter color, sometimes even white, around the nostrils. But this is not necessary either. Very often motley birds “hide” their sex. These are generally surprise birds.

After 2-3 months, the floor is visible! Over time, the budgerigar waxworm will more accurately answer the question of how to distinguish the sex of the pets. Already at the age of 3 months, one can notice clear differences in the color of the wax in budgies: in males it becomes bright blue, gradually acquires a more intense and dark shade, and in mature females, the wax is pinkish, beige, even brown.

Very rarely, the wavy parrot‘s wax remains pale blue or blue, but the white ring around the nostrils is more clearly visible.

In the male budgerigar, the wax color changes with age steadily in terms of darkening, that is, the blue color becomes more and more intense, and in the very adult male the wax is dark blue.

Also, during the period when the female seeks to acquire offspring, the wavy parrot female thickens, becomes bumpy and rough, even a barely noticeable growth can form on it.

Sometimes, however, different diseases can also give a similar picture. For example, hyperkeratosis gives rise to the growth of the wax.

How can you tell budgies by gender

There are living creatures that will never lose popularity as pets, regardless of any fashion, and among them are budgerigars.

To ensure the correct living conditions in the house for any animal, you need to familiarize yourself with the important features of your pet, in particular. you need to find out the gender of the parrot, specifically the wavy.

How to distinguish budgerigars in terms of gender by secondary external signs

It is definitely impossible to navigate by these signs. It may be so, but not necessary. We can say that these are myths!

identify, female, male, parrot

In addition to increased activity and a calm nature, males differ from females in their larger size. this is conceived by nature itself so that the male is stronger and attracts his partner with his bright appearance.

The head of a pet can also answer the question of how to distinguish the sex of parrots, if you carefully examine it. In females, the head is higher due to the fact that it is slightly flattened at the back, and the forehead is sharper.

In the male, the crown is more extensive, and therefore the head is visually flatter and less in height. But these are, of course, not always obvious signs. Only genetic analysis is obvious. In all other cases, alas, surprises are possible.

Some say that girls are more capricious in their food, but this is not at all the case. It all depends on the specific bird, feeding should be varied in any case, regardless of whether you have a male or a female.

How to distinguish a male budgerigar from a female using DNA analysis

The modern level of science will easily help answer the question of how to determine the sex of a budgerigar. DNA analysis, carried out in order to determine sex chromosomes, now requires only a feather, which is taken from a bird (more recently, for this analysis it was necessary to take a smear or blood, but now the level of genetics allows you to do only with a feather).

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The analysis gives almost one hundred percent result, but it is very expensive and is not done in all clinics, so it makes sense to do it if the pet is a very rare species and costs a substantial amount. With ordinary budgies, no breeder will bother.

Photos and videos will allow you to get acquainted in more detail with all the external signs by which you can determine the sex of budgerigars.

How to determine the sex of a budgerigar. Nalatty

Budgerigars are beautiful, colorful birds of small size, favorites of children and adults. People very often take them home just for fun, because parrots are smart, kind and talented, they can be taught to talk and sing, in addition, such a bird is completely unpretentious in care. Sometimes, when choosing a budgerigar, many are interested in what gender the bird is.

By indirect evidence

Before identifying a female among budgerigars, take a closer look at other signs. By themselves, these features do not speak of the sex of the bird, but they can tip the scales in a controversial situation.

Lively and talkative behavior is more inherent in males. Females are more likely to behave calmly in a cage.

Grown-up males often stand on each other’s backs in games, imitating mating games. Females rarely resort to such games.

Females bite furiously and gnaw more and more often. This is how their natural instinct is expressed: in the wild they gnaw hollows for their nests in the trunks of trees. Males tend to bite lightly, without effort.

Some connection can be traced between the sex of the parrot and the shape of its head. A female budgerigar can be identified by a pointed forehead, while males have a flatter crown.

Features of behavior by gender

The sex of budgies can be determined by their behavior.

How to distinguish the sex of budgies: features of the definition

For both amateur and professional breeders of birds, the question arises: “How to determine the sex of a budgerigar?” In order to determine whether a male or a female, you need to carefully examine the supra-beak part (wax). A leathery formation located on top of the base of the beak is called a beak.

To determine the sex of your bird, you need to carefully examine the naval part.

How to identify a female budgerigar: all the ways

Many owners of pet parrots do not think about how to identify the female budgerigar, and find out about the sex of their pets only immediately at the moment the eggs appear. This attitude towards parrots is unacceptable. Uncontrolled laying of eggs will not only not bring you healthy offspring, but can also harm the health of your pets.

Genetic method

It is possible to identify a female budgerigar even at a very young age using a genetic method. It is known that the genes of some colors of parrots are passed along with the X chromosome and appear in the male only if he receives them from both parents. Therefore, their manifestation in chicks, in a pair of parents of which only one has this trait, accurately says that the chick is a girl.

Traits include opaline and cinnamon, lutino, albino, lacewing, and Texas celandine.

The genetic method allows with a probability of 100% to identify a female budgerigar chick:

opaline chicks in both parents of a standard color or in an opaline male and a standard female. a female;

cinnamon chicks in both parents of a standard color or in a male cinnamon and a female of standard color. a female;

chicks with red eyes from parents of standard color or male albino, lutino or lacewing and female of standard color. female.

Genetic sex determination

In some cases, sex can be detected even immediately after hatching or at the stage of initial plumage. Sex determination is based on the laws of genetics and on the presence of various features in the phenotype. Before determining the sex of a parrot, you need to study the chick’s parents.

Sex determination is based on the laws of genetics and the presence of various features in the phenotype

Genetic sex-linked mutations include: cinnamon, opaline, slate, sex-linked (Texas), ino (albino, lutino, or lacewing), and celandine. Each of the types of bird mutations is determined by its own differences transmitted on the X chromosome.

For example, opaline birds have a characteristic V-shaped zone, while others have albinism and red eyes. Aspids get a blue-gray color of the body color, and in celandine ones. the plumage is not painted in the main color.

In some cases, chromosomal mutations also help determine the genetics of the parent birds. If a normal female and male have a chick:

  • opaline color is a female, and the father is the owner of the opaline gene;
  • with red eyes. this is a female, such a sign indicates the presence of a foreign gene, therefore, the bird will be either albino or lutino, the father of this parrot is the carrier of the foreign gene;
  • cinnamon type is a female, and the father is the owner of the cinnamon gene.
  • a normal female and an opaline male give birth to an opaline cub. this is a female, but if a normal chick appears, then it will be a male. a carrier of opaline;
  • a cinnamon male and a normal female have a brown bird. this is a female, and if a normal chick is a male, the owner of the cinnamon gene;
  • a normal female and male ino have a chick with red eyes. this is a female, and if a normal bird. then these are males who have the ino gene.

Why determine gender?

What will be his surprise when an egg is found in the cell?!

If you do not know the sex of the parrots, then it is impossible to give the birds a suitable name. Of course, it is allowed to call a feathered friend a neutral nickname. Sashka, Bird, Ass. and yet it would be more correct to choose a nickname by gender. Often you need to know the sex of a parrot in order to understand how to behave with a bird. For example, females are considered less tame. And if the owner deliberately buys the girl, then she will not annoy her once again, trying to accustom her to her hands.

How to determine the gender of a parrot?

How to distinguish a female from a male by appearance?

Different types of parrots can distinguish males and females by color. For example, the sex of a budgerigar can be determined from 1.5 months on the bridge of the nose. On the supra-beak wax at the indicated age, the guys have a blue or purple tint, and after another 4.5 months the bridge of the nose will become bluish. In females, this part of the body is pale pink, but gradually acquires a brown tint. During stressful situations or during the molting period, the beeswax temporarily turns blue in females. Look at the coloring of the legs. For boys, they are bluish, and for girls, they are pink. The wavy guy himself has a more juicy and colorful plumage, on his back you can see a sinuous decoration.

The head of the male is smooth and the female has an angular forehead.

In a cockatiel parrot, it is more difficult to determine the sex. Experts know how to distinguish between males and females already when the birds reach the age of four months, but more often it becomes possible to determine the sex more accurately only by the age of one year. In boys, Corell’s crest is thin and neat, while their lovers have a crest, wide from the very base. In the male crest, 2-3 long feathers with a greenish tint can be counted, and in the female, the crest consists of six shorter feathers of the same color. After molting, the plumage of the male acquires a bright saturated color, the head is painted in a yellowish tint. The boys have bright red cheeks, and the color of the body is pure steel. Girls have a dimmer plumage, and brown and yellow spots can be seen on the gray body, the same blotches are observed on the inner side of the wing.

The sex of the cockatiel by the above criteria can be determined if a bird of natural color is purchased. When crossing, pets of the most different colors are obtained, which complicates sex determination. In this case, you can pay attention to the structure of the animal’s body. Girls have a small hump on their backs, but boys do not. But the guys have an even back and sharp wings with a pronounced color. If the bird is relaxed, and at this moment has taken a rounded shape, then it is probably a female. The male Corella during rest is distinguished by a slender and fit figure. In females, a vertical parting can be found on the abdomen, which males do not have. Look also at the shape of the tail: for boys, a narrow and long, neat tail is characteristic, for girls. a wide and somewhat sloppy.

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In lovebird parrots, sex is almost impossible to determine, but looking closely, the male can see a more elongated head shape and a lower frontal part. The girl’s head is more rounded. Pay attention to the pelvic part as well. Feel the parrot‘s belly and feel the rounded bones that resemble matches.

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In girls, the distance of the pelvic bones is 1 cm, and in boys. no more than 0.5 cm.

Determining gender by behavior

The color of the plumage and other external signs help to find out the sex, if you study a particular variety well. By behavior, you can distinguish a male from a female bird of any breed. So, girls are usually calmer, they like to doze, relax, it is difficult to interest them with a mirror, a bell and other toys. They do not like to sit on their hands, get annoyed when the owner tries to stroke or scratch, they can bite the owner’s finger until it bleeds. Ladies do not react to human conversation, they are poorly trained and are considered more wild and aggressive. In nature, females gouge hollows in which chicks are raised, so their genes have a constant desire to gnaw something, for example, a cage or perch.

Pay attention to how the feathered mistress cleans the cage of debris: she flaps her wings, which is why all the debris flies to the sides with a stream of air.

Boys are usually more good-natured by nature. They easily get used to their hands, love to play,. they like to communicate with their reflection in the mirror. Males respond well to the human voice and prefer to keep up a conversation at all times. If the species is speaking, then the guy will start repeating words faster than his partner. These are contact tame animals that are happy to sit in the arms of the owner.

Sometimes the male can bite the owner by the finger, but unlike the female, not with all his might, but as a warning.

You can distinguish between a boy and a girl by observing the behavior of the couple. Males often place their paws on their cagemates. If a boy and a girl are kept together, then the guy will feed his girlfriend, regurgitating food into her beak. During intercourse, boys are always on top and girls on the bottom. Often in the behavior of the male, one can observe the imitation of sexual intercourse with other objects. For some ladies, this behavior is also characteristic, but not so often. In most species, during the mating season, it is the male who tries to attract the attention of his beloved. He dances, demonstrates the beauty of plumage and his vocal abilities.

You can determine the gender of a feathered pet by its sitting style. For example, girls sit on a perch with their legs wide apart, as if putting their abdomen on the pole. Boys usually close their paws tightly while sitting. This sign can be observed when the parrot reaches the age of one year.

Other methods

Both the color of the plumage and the behavior of birds can only indirectly indicate sex. In the process of selection, parrots often lose some external signs and acquire new ones. and more new coloring pages are born, and gender determination becomes much more difficult. The behavior of birds is also not a true indicator, much depends on the temperament and conditions of detention. With poor grooming and minimal communication, the male can become melancholy or aggressive, although this behavior is usually typical of the female. accurate methods for determining gender are presented below.

You can learn more about how to determine the sex of a budgerigar in the following video.

How to correctly determine the sex of a budgerigar


If the wax of young parrots is constantly changing, then the supra-beak formation of an adult bird is fully formed. Thanks to this, it is easier to distinguish the sex of budgies at the age of 3-4 months than in the early stages.

In order to find out the sex of a pet, it is enough to know two characteristic colors.

Throughout her life, the girl’s budgie waxworm retains clear peri-spinal circles of white color. The rest of the wax tends to beige with age, often turning brown. If you notice a brown supra-beak formation in a bird, you can be sure that this is a female. In this case, the color of the beak can change depending on the hormonal background. Females are also characterized by an uneven, rough surface of the wax. During nesting, a small growth may appear on it, which later disappears. Albinos, lutino and other mutated species are identified by the same characteristics.

The male budgerigar has a bright blue wax, and the color of its beak can also change throughout life. The beak of albinos and lutino does not change its shade, remaining pink. Sometimes mutated budgerigar boys have blue spots on their beaks.


In order to accurately determine the sex of a wavy parrot, you need to have an idea of ​​the differences in the color gamut of wax beetle in males and females. The sex of the bird is determined starting at four weeks of age. If you have a male wavy parrot in front of you, the chick’s supra-beak formation may have the following features:

  • Pink predominates, as well as shades of purple and lilac;
  • The wax is uniform in color;
  • Sometimes bluish circles can be observed around the nostrils.

The wax bud of the female budgerigar has the following differences:

  • The formation is blue or has a light shade of pink and purple;
  • The color is heterogeneous, turning into white circles around the nostrils of the bird;
  • Parrots of any sex have a purple beak. Note the female’s blue wax.
  • The pink wax is not a distinctive feature of the bird. In this case, you need to look at the circles near the nostrils.

It is not always possible to immediately distinguish boys from girls parrots. During the day, the color of the wax can change. If the parrot is already in your hands, it is better to note the shade of the supra-beak formation a couple of times. You can take several photos to clearly see the color change of the wax.

DNA analysis

In order to find out the sex of the budgerigar with an accuracy of 100%, professional breeders contact the laboratory. The analysis is carried out using a bird’s pen or an anal swab. With the help of this procedure, the owners learn not only the sex, but also other features of the pet’s body. The main disadvantage of DNA analysis is the high cost of the service, so not everyone can afford this method of determining the sex of a parrot.

How to determine the sex of a budgerigar using wax

You can distinguish a wavy parrot boy from a girl by looking at his wax. The wax is a supra-beak formation in which the nostrils are located. Determination of the sex of a parrot is carried out through the study of the wax itself, or rather its color. However, there is an important nuance: with age, the shade of the supra-beak formation changes, so the sex determination in chicks and adults is different.

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How does a female differ from a male and why it matters

The female parrot differs from the male in a number of essential characteristics. When starting a parrot, you need to decide on its habitat and come up with a name for your pet. Some owners want the pet to learn to speak, while others do not. Factors depending on the sex of the bird:

  • Name. Knowing the sex of the feathered pet, it is much easier to come up with an original name for it. Having named the boy’s parrot Gosha, it will be strange to find a nest with eggs in his cage. It remains only to choose a neutral nickname, without taking into account the individual characteristics of the bird.
  • Breeding chicks. In order to start a family of budgerigars, you need to put a couple of birds of different sexes in the cage. If the breeder does not know how to distinguish between a boy and a girl parrot, it will be extremely difficult to get a brood.
  • The life of two birds in one cage. If males get along calmly together, then females often do not get along with each other. Birds will often clash, which can lead to the death of one of the females.
  • The ability to reproduce sounds. Almost all budgies can learn to speak. The question is how long will it take. The difference between the male and the female in terms of speech is that boys are easier to train. Girls require more patience and time, but they speak clearer than males.
  • Features of behavior. Male budgies are friendlier than restless girls. They react positively to a person’s hands, and if they bite, it is only to express displeasure. Females most often do not like to communicate closely with the owner. This is especially pronounced during a surge in hormones, when even a calm girl behaves aggressively.

When choosing a budgie, a person knows in advance which bird he would like to purchase. If you dream of a noisy bird, you should choose a female. Males behave calmly and learn to speak faster.

Genetic method

Genetic determination of the sex of the budgerigar is used only if the breeder finds out the sex of the chick from the parents known to him. At birth, the parrot has a phenotype that is made up of the characteristics of the father and mother. This method is used for mutations linked to the sex of the bird. These include parrots ino, slate, cinnamon, opaline, etc. It is on the basis of the mutation that the sex of the chicks is determined by the genetic method.

For example, if a nestling of an opaline shade is born to normal parents, this is a female, and a cinnamon boy will give birth to females of the same color. The genetic method is quite difficult, but it will help to accurately find out the sex of the budgerigar.

Determining the sex of a teenage eublefar

We look at all the same signs as in adults, except for the shape of the head and neck.
Inspect the eublefar from below, from above and from the side.
In the photo, the general physique of adolescents. On the left is a female at 3 months, on the right, a male at 5 months. The bases of the tails are already noticeably different in shape. You should not pay attention to the total body length here, the morphs of these individuals are different, the growth rate is also.

Appearance of adolescent leopard gecko. female on the left, male on the right.

In the photo below. males.
The first photo is the shape of the tail base of an adult male eublefar, on 2, 3 and 4 photos. a male aged 3 months.
We see an even and wide base of the tail, obvious bulges under the tail (side and bottom view) and between the hind legs on the stomach a row of large pore scales with a corner.

Sexual characteristics that can be seen in the male eublefar

On the first photo. an adult female, on photos 2, 3 and 4. a four-month-old female.
We see a shorter and narrower base of the tail, a “waist” on the tail, a small fold of the cloaca and an implicit triangle of ordinary scales.

Sex of the geblefar. Who is it. a female or a male?

A very common question is how to determine the sex of a geesefar, how to distinguish a male from a female? How to see sex characteristics in adolescent leopard geckos?

Recall that the sex of the eublefar mainly depends on the temperature and. accordingly, the time of incubation of eggs, but eublephars with the Albino gene can, as they say, fail, and even with very precise maintenance of the temperature and incubation time, “unexpected” males among females and females among males are possible.

How to distinguish by sex of adult eublefars

It is quite easy to distinguish adult geblephars by sex. First of all, we look at the undertail. On the belly, near the fold of the cloaca in males, a series of scales in the form of a triangle is visible, with open pores (preanal pores), and below the fold of the cloaca, at the level of the base of the tail, there are protruding tubercles (there is the male reproductive organ of eublephars. the hemipenis).

In females, a triangle in the lower abdomen can also be found, but it is less pronounced and there are no visible open pores there. Undertail is much flatter and shorter.

Of the additional features, the shape of the base of the tail can be distinguished, if we look from above. in males this place is smoother and wider, and in females the tail has a “waist”. a narrowing at the base and then expansion of the lush tail.
Of course, all of this applies to healthy, well-nourished geblephars. If an individual was kept in inappropriate conditions and was poorly fed, or sick and emaciated, and it has a thin tail, it makes no sense to look at the shape of the base of the tail.

Adult female and male geblephars. Left. female, right male.

Another additional feature is the shape of the head and neck of an adult. Males usually have a larger head and wide powerful neck, stronger bones. Females are often more graceful. But here everything is more individual, and of course, when determining the sex of adolescent eublephars, we will not pay attention to this sign, they have not yet gained their full weight and size.

In behavior, males and females are completely different, and calm melancholic females and nimble sociable males, and vice versa. During the breeding season, adult males mark the territory. when changing napkins on the floor of the terrarium, the first thing my males do is wipe the entire territory, crawl low on their paws around the entire perimeter, pressing their booty, or rather, preanal pores, to the surface. In adolescent males and in adult males outside the breeding season, I did not notice this behavior.

At what age can you determine the sex of the eublefar?

It is more or less accurate to distinguish a male from a female by external signs from 3-5 months from the birth of the baby. There are individual moments of maturation here, and you need to be careful with this when keeping adolescents in a group, because some especially quickly maturing males are already able to fertilize females at 4 months. And females are physiologically ready for reproduction only after a year. Therefore, the growing males are kept separately and one at a time to avoid fights and injuries.

And when choosing a young male for an adult female, we will not rely on the phrase “capable of fertilizing at 4 months.” As they say, they can, but they don’t have to)) The age of the male at 9-12 months will give much more serious guarantees of successful mating and obtaining offspring.

on the topic of breeding: “The birth of a baby leopard gecko.” Breeding season. and all articles can be seen on the Sitemap.