home Cats How To Know That A Cat Has A Broken Paw

How To Know That A Cat Has A Broken Paw

Treating fractures in pets

As we have already said, to diagnose the presence of a fracture and its type, the doctor first examines and touches the animal, then directs it for X-ray, CT or (in difficult cases) for MRI. Based on the results of the diagnosis, the veterinarian prescribes treatment. It may include a variety of methods (depending on the severity of the injury), but most often it is a set of measures.

Classification of fractures common in cats

Feline fractures (fractures) are classified in many ways. In general, they are divided into congenital and acquired. Fractures differ depending on the location:

  • Tubular bones (violation of the integrity of the bones of the extremities);
  • Flat bones (pelvic injuries);
  • Others. tail, spine, ribs, skull.

By the nature of the damage, cat fractures are:

  • Open, in which there is a rupture of the skin, as a result of which the bone is visible through the wound;
  • Closed when the integrity of the bone is broken, but it itself is hidden by muscles and skin.

According to the degree of damage, fractures are classified as partial, when the bone is not completely broken, but only cracked, and complete, in which the fragments do not come into contact with each other. Also, such injuries are:

  • Transverse. the bone is broken perpendicularly;
  • Oblique. the debris is at an angle;
  • Longitudinal. the integrity of the bone is broken along;
  • Spiral. the debris is shifted and twisted;
  • Fragmented. fragments are separated;
  • Crushed. the bone breaks in several places with the formation of fragments.

Types of fractures

In veterinary medicine, there are several classifications of fractures: by origin, location, etc. We will present the main types of injuries characteristic of dogs and cats.

By localization:

  • Fractures of tubular bones (front and hind legs);
  • Flat bone fractures (hip bones);
  • Other fractures (tail, jaw, spine).

By the nature of the damage:

  • Open, in which not only the bone is damaged, but also the surrounding tissues, the integrity of the skin or mucous membrane is disrupted. Open fractures can be complicated by bleeding and infection in the wound;
  • Closed, without damaging the outer layers, which facilitates healing and maintains sterility.

In the direction of the fracture relative to the axis:

  • Transverse (the bone is fractured perpendicular to the axis of the limb);
  • Oblique (at an angle to the axis);
  • Longitudinal (in the direction of the axis, rare cases);
  • Spiral (with a violent screw-like movement of the limbs);
  • Comminuted (when separating bone fragments);
  • The crushed (with strong squeezing tubular bones along the axis).

Fractures are also typified by the degree of damage to the bone tissue (cracks, fractures, complete fractures), by the number (single and multiple), by the nature of the displacement of the fragments and by the anatomical nature. To accurately determine the type of injury and take the right measures, you need diagnostics: a veterinarian’s examination, X-ray or CT (if you suspect damage to internal organs by bone fragments, an MRI is prescribed). In no case do you need to take independent action. so you can only harm your pet.

How to determine the signs of a fracture in order to immediately go to the clinic?

Conservative treatment of bone fractures in cats and dogs

Nonsurgical treatment begins with pain relief, most often local anesthesia. Then, the procedure for reposition of the fragments is carried out (if necessary) and the imposition of a splint, a plaster cast, a collar to immobilize the damaged area. It is necessary to ensure that the nearby joints are fixed with a bandage, and that the splint itself does not squeeze the limb or internal organs. Now in veterinary medicine, heavy mineral gypsum is practically not used, replacing it with light polymer plates. For cracks and breaks, the splint is applied for 15–20 days, for complete fractures. for up to 40 days.

To avoid inflammation in the first stage of treatment, corticosteroids may be prescribed. Also, depending on the animal’s behavior. painkillers and sedatives. Subsequent measures are reduced to the introduction of drugs to the animal that promote the growth of bone tissue and the restoration of adjacent tissues. In modern clinics, various physiotherapy techniques are used, which allows you to count on a faster and more successful fracture treatment. On average, young animals recover from fractures within 3-5 weeks, older ones. 4-8 weeks. 75% of four-legged patients in veterinary clinics recover thanks to conservative treatment, and only 25% need surgical treatment.

Caring for an injured animal at home

Home care for a pet involves a complete limitation of its physical activity. To do this, it is recommended to place it in a cage for 2-3 weeks. It should be medium in size. not cramped and not too spacious. Manual massage is required to speed up bone healing. His technique will be taught by the attending veterinarian. For the rehabilitation period, it is better to transfer the four-legged pet to a diet rich in vitamins and minerals. All used vitamin and mineral supplements should be agreed with the veterinarian.

How to understand that a cat has broken his leg?

Even a person far from veterinary medicine can understand that a kitten or an adult cat has broken a paw. This is indicated by the external symptoms that accompany the violation of the integrity of the bone open extremities.

How to tell if a cat’s paw is broken

Felines are very mobile and curious animals, always looking for adventure in all parts of the body. Basically, everything is done with minor wounds. Thanks to the phenomenally developed inner ear, which determines the position of the body relative to the horizontal surface and transmits a signal to the brain, cats fall on four legs with little or no harm.

Symptoms of a fracture without visible manifestations

With a closed fracture:

  • The four-legged pet meows plaintively. Not understanding what is happening, he cannot find a place for himself from pain, behaves aggressively.
  • Cat running out injured foot, the motion based only on healthy legs. If the bone is just cracked, this sign may not be pronounced.
  • The appearance of the sore leg changes. The degree of change in the physiological contour of the injured organ largely depends on the type and nature of the fracture. Deformation of the damaged area is also caused by reflex muscle contraction, the appearance of a hematoma, lymphoextravasate, edema.
  • Extra-articular bone mobility appears. This happens when a paw is completely broken.
  • There crepitus, T. E. characteristic crisp sound at site of injury. The crunch appears as a result of friction of bone fragments against each other. This symptom is typical for fresh injuries. It accompanies not all fractures, because between the damaged bone fragments there may be soft tissues and blood clots.
  • Edema appears at the site of injury, which increases in size over time.

First aid and treatment

What to do to relieve the condition of the cat? Before transporting a pet to a veterinary clinic, emergency assistance should be provided:

  • In the case of an open form of damage, remove dirt and bone fragments from the wound and stop bleeding. To do this, press a clean napkin wound around your finger to the bleeding wound. If a large vessel on the hind leg is damaged, it is necessary to clamp the artery on the inner thigh. If the front limb is injured, the vessel under the elbow joint is compressed.
  • Treat the affected area with an antiseptic. It can be Chlorhexidine, Miramistin, or a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.
  • Immobilize the affected limb by placing a splint on it. For splinting, a small plank, a wide ruler is suitable. The immobilizer should be longer than the injured paw. You can fasten it with a bandage, belt or belt. Care must be taken not to pinch blood vessels. The site with an open wound remains free.

It is not recommended to give any pain relievers to your pet. Firstly, without feeling pain, the animal can inflict even greater injuries on itself, and secondly, such drugs can lubricate the clinical picture, and thirdly, sedation will be required for a four-legged patient to carry out diagnostic procedures, and the preliminary administration of an analgesic will negatively affect his health.

After providing first aid, the cat should be taken to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. The success of treatment and further recovery largely depends on how much time has passed from the moment of injury to the adoption of therapeutic measures.

Closed and uncomplicated fractures are treated conservatively. Treatment involves:

  • Elimination of pain shock;
  • Immobilization of the injured organ with a splint, splint or plaster, aimed at fusing its fragments;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • Use of vitamin and mineral complexes;
  • Acceptance of veterinary drugs that improve osteosynthesis.

Complex fractures are treated with surgery. During the operation, large fragments of bones are set and small fragments are removed. It is not worth pulling with the surgical reduction of bone fragments. The procedure involves the use of fixing metal structures (pins, wires, plates) that remain in the body of a four-legged patient for life.

Surgical intervention is also resorted to if conservative methods of treatment have not been successful. The surgeon breaks the improperly fused bone and repositions it.

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Felinological portal. What fractures can there be

Congenital. There are often times when a very small kitten can get a fracture. This is due to the presence of intrauterine developmental abnormalities. At this time, the skeletal system may be impaired. A weighty word can be said by blows inflicted on a cat’s stomach during pregnancy.

Acquired. A similar fracture occurs in a young cat due to excessive contraction of the uterus during childbirth. May cause injury specialists inept actions when extracting the fetus. In addition, a cat can also get this fracture, showing its curiosity, jumping on roofs and trees.

Is the foot broken? Forum about cats for cat lovers and felinologists

On October 21-22, 2017, the 15th cat show will be held in the format of the on-line PCA system. All classes are assigned at the exhibition, expertise on video clips. Registration of titles! Animals do not sit in halls, do not experience stress, there is no risk to the health of cats.

Mia, I represent your condition! Of course, I’m not wet, but look if the foot is swollen, and make an iodine net (dip a cotton swab in iodine, spread the wool and put dots), it helps very well with bruises and sprains! I would do that.

When I was in the clinic with Marsyusha, there was a puppy two weeks old. Fell off the couch, just bruised, but still had to do the dressing. And the X-ray was done on the spot quickly.

The puppy was just out. But then they came a couple of times, by the way, we forgot when they came for the vaccination, they just got there, it turned out that there was a small crack (after the X-ray it became clear)

His fate is not easy. The owners of the mother called these people (they had reserved the puppy in advance) and said that the mother felt bad and she would not take care of the baby if they needed to take it for 700 !! If not, they will give it to others. At that time, the puppy was 1.5 weeks old. They took.

What worries you now, fur or paw. Of course there will be brown spots until you bathe! I did Alice, and I haven’t bathed yet, and the iodine has already gone somewhere, though 2 months have passed!

That’s what I said before. When Marsyusha appeared, at first I went around all the nearby clinics, chose, and then calmly went with Marsya.

Unless, of course, there is a decent good clinic nearby, and if not, you live, you can call at your house there not expensive.

I was already dialing the vet when he got up and went. At first I limped slightly. And then it’s okay. Even jumping)))

Site news. Types of fractures

Open fracture. the bone is broken, the ends are displaced, one or both ends of the fractured bone are exposed and visible to the naked eye. The tissues in the area of ​​the fracture are torn, and blood is flowing. There is a high risk of shock from severe pain and blood loss, infection, tissue necrosis at the site of injury. An open tail fracture in a cat is an injury typical of free-walking animals.

Closed fracture without displacement. the bone is broken, but in its natural position. At the site of the fracture, swelling, cyanosis, or

Fractured paw in a cat

But when falling, you may come across foreign objects, tree branches, for example, which knock down the landmark. Cats break their paws in an accident and often hind legs suffer. With the coming of spring, veterinary clinics are filled with falling cats. They fall from all places from which one can fall: from trees, from balconies, from windows, from air conditioners. Height and obstacles vary, as can luck. The result is a fracture.

The fracture can be closed, it can be determined by the above signs and open. With an open fracture, it is difficult to make a mistake: a wound is visible, tendons and ligaments are torn, sometimes broken bones with uneven edges can protrude. Sometimes there is heavy bleeding.

Types of bone fractures.

We can conventionally distinguish four types of fractures in cats: closed, open, epiphyseal (fracture in the growth zone) and cracks (fracture of the “green branch” type). The first three can be further divided into simple ones, when the bone breaks in 2-3 places and splinter ones, in which the bone crumbles into several pieces.

Epiphyseal fracture: Usually occurs in still growing young cats and kittens, up to one year of age, at the ends of large bones. These areas in which bone growth occurs are called epiphyseal plates. They consist of immature, low-calcified cells that form a soft, cancellous bone region. These areas of the bone are the weakest, so the risk of fracture in them is increased. The most susceptible to such fractures are the distal end of the femur body and the humerus.

The bones and musculoskeletal system in cats are able to absorb a large number of shock loads without any damage. This allows the cat to jump from a fairly large height (for example, from high furniture), without risking health. The main causes of fractures are cars, attacks by wild predators, dogs and, unfortunately, people. In a city environment,

Fractured paw in a cat home treatment: how to identify a bruise or fracture?

Felines are very mobile and curious animals, always looking for adventure in all parts of the body. Basically, everything is done with minor wounds. Thanks to the phenomenally developed inner ear, which determines the position of the body relative to the horizontal surface and transmits a signal to the brain, cats fall on four legs with little or no harm.

Bone fractures in cats.

The strength and flexibility of the cat’s skeleton is provided by 244 bones held together by ligaments. Since the bones in a cat are not as tightly bound as in most mammals, this allows the spine to make movements that allow the cat, for example, to plunge in the air with the paws down, even if the fall began with the back down.

Bones have a structure that provides a sufficiently high strength. Bone tissue forms the outer layer of bone, inside which is the bone marrow. As in humans, bone strength depends on a balanced diet. Deficiencies in essential nutrients increase the risk of bone fractures in cats.

Limb fixation

A piece of thick cardboard or a regular ruler is suitable to fix the paw.

A piece of cardboard, a thin board, even a ruler will do. The length of the tire should be slightly longer than the paw, so that, even if the cat wants to put it on the surface, she could not reach it. Then the tire is bandaged. Bandage should be tight to immobilize the limb, but not pinching the nerve endings and blood vessels.

Bandage cat paw.

If bandaging seems to be a complicated procedure, it is advisable to use an elastic bandage. It stretches to the desired width without pinching important endings. With an open fracture, we do not bandage the wound site, but leave it open.

Bleeding

In case of profuse bleeding, a tourniquet or some similarity should be applied, i.e. Tightly rewind the edge of the blood vessel that is damaged. If there is no suitable material at hand, you can wrap a handkerchief around your finger and clamp the vessel. Keep it up until a blood clot appears that blocks bleeding.

If bleeding is from the lower part of the hind paw. The artery on the inner thigh should be clamped. If bleeding is from the lower part of the front paw, clamp the artery from the inside of the paw above the “elbow”.

Then we process the wound. Any disinfectant will do: iodine, brilliant green, peroxide. It will be useful to give the victim anti-shock and analgesic medicine.

When the bleeding is stopped, the wound is treated, the injured limb must be fixed. In no case should you adjust yourself. This can lead to muscle tissue rupture and painful shock. We fix the limb in the position in which it is at the time of the fracture.

First aid. What to do?

It helps with bruises, it’s not for nothing that they say, tenacious like a cat, but not in the case of fractures. In this case, first aid is simply necessary.

Open paw fracture

Open leg fracture with bleeding.

In an open fracture, the first step is to stop the bleeding and clean the wound to avoid infection. It is important to remember to wash your hands thoroughly. You can stop bleeding with gauze or bandage tampons.

Signs of a fracture in a cat

When a paw is broken, it begins to swell.

You can find out from the fact that your pet has a broken paw at a glance:

  • The animal stands on 3 legs, squeezing the fourth;
  • At the site of the fracture, the paw swells;
  • The paw is in an unnatural position, tucked in, it can even be turned to the other side;
  • When checking with your fingers, a crunch is heard and a displacement of bones is felt;
  • The cat is in pain and protects the sore spot from touching, cries and complains.

The fracture can be closed, it can be determined by the above signs and open. With an open fracture, it is difficult to make a mistake: a wound is visible, tendons and ligaments are torn, sometimes broken bones with uneven edges can protrude. Sometimes there is heavy bleeding.

Fractured paw in a cat

Most often, the fracture occurs on the hind legs.

But when falling, you may come across foreign objects, tree branches, for example, which knock down the landmark. Cats break their paws in an accident and often their hind legs suffer. With the coming of spring, veterinary clinics are filled with falling cats. They fall from all places from which one can fall: from trees, from balconies, from windows, from air conditioners. Height and obstacles vary, as can luck. The result is a fracture.

Fractured paw in a cat home treatment: how to identify a bruise or fracture?

Felines are very mobile and curious animals, always looking for adventure in all parts of the body. Basically, everything is done with minor wounds. Thanks to the phenomenally developed inner ear, which determines the position of the body relative to the horizontal surface and transmits a signal to the brain, cats fall on four legs with little or no harm.

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Transportation to the clinic

Fracture of two legs at once

At this stage, all possible assistance from the owner is provided. It remains only to call a veterinarian or bring the victim to the clinic. During transportation, keep the animal in a supine position on a hard surface.

For mild fractures, conservative treatment is used, i.e., tires, splints and bandaging. In more complex cases and always with hip fractures, surgical intervention and the use of metal structures, such as pins, plates, cerclage are required.

After visiting the doctor, the owner only has to follow the recommendations given by the doctor exactly. After surgery, you will need to inject antibiotics to avoid infection or rejection of a foreign body. After a certain time, you need to come in time to remove the bandage or pin.

What are the differences between fractures in cats??

When an operation is needed?

Surgical treatment is required in cases where bone fragments cannot be connected by a conservative method. During the operation, the bone is collected by means of special instruments and osteosynthesis devices:

  • Pins;
  • Staples, etc.

How are fractures classified??

Fractures can result from:

  • Injuries;
  • Bone system pathologies.

In the latter case, we are talking about spontaneous fractures, that is, those that occur due to slight pressure on the bone, which has lost its physiological strength as a result of the existing systemic (common for the whole body) pathological process.

By the nature of the damage, fractures are distinguished:

  • Closed;
  • Open.

With an open fracture, through the muscles torn by fragments, the bone is visible through the skin.

The limb can break in one place or in several at once. In the latter case, they speak of a multiple fracture. It is quite rare in the case of:

  • Rickets;
  • Falls from a high-rise building or a tall tree, when the animal repeatedly hits branches or clotheslines during flight.

Another classification of fractures is based on the degree of damage to the paw:

  • The bone can be partially broken (cracks, breaks, holes, etc.);
  • Or completely, when there are no points of contact between the wreckage.

What are the causes of fractures?

Talking about the causes of broken paws in cats does not make much sense, since they are known to everyone. Naturally, any violation of the integrity of a limb is associated with mechanical violence against it. These effects include:

  • Bruises;
  • Falls;
  • Strong impacts;
  • Unsuccessful release of pinched paw, etc.

Conservative method

Conservative treatment includes:

  • Repositioning the displaced debris;
  • Ensuring bone immobility;
  • Creation of conditions conducive to good healing and regeneration of damaged tissues.

In advanced cases, it is much more difficult to set the bone in place, therefore, to relax the muscles, the animal is injected into anesthesia or local anesthesia is performed.

know, broken

Open fractures are treated a little differently:

  • To begin with, the wound is cleaned of mechanical debris, treated with iodine, sprinkled with antibiotics.
  • Only then can you think about a cast. Apply it so that you can easily handle the wound surface.

Fractured paw in a cat: first aid, treatment

Cats are restless and overly mobile creatures, especially at a young age. They often find themselves in unpleasant situations due to their playful nature. Troubles are usually associated with injuries, the most serious of which can be called a bone fracture.

During a fracture, the usual shape of the bone changes, while it loses its integrity and completely or partially loses its motor function. With fractures of paws in cats, muscles, tendons, skin, nerve and blood vessels are also involved in the painful process, which is manifested by their rupture as a result of exposure to sharp bone fragments.

How to give first aid to a cat?

First aid for a pet consists primarily in stopping bleeding, if it takes place:

  • The wound is clamped or a hemostatic tourniquet is applied. Strongly pinching the vessels is not worth it so that the process of necrotization does not start due to poor innervation and tissue nutrition.
  • Further, it will not hurt to give the cat an anti-shock drug, pain relievers and heart medications.
  • At the next stage of first aid, they try to immobilize the limb by applying tight bandages, splints or bandaging.
  • The cat is carefully placed on a flat hard surface and transported to the veterinary clinic in compliance with all precautions. It is desirable that the animal does not change the location of the body, otherwise the situation at the fracture site will worsen. It is even better to call a doctor at home, if possible.

In the animal clinic, the veterinarian will conduct a thorough examination of the injured pet, take an X-ray, and then take everything possible to give the limb anatomical shape so that in the process of further treatment the function of the broken bone is fully restored.

How to know if a cat has broken a paw?

It is not difficult to guess about the existing fracture in a fluffy pet:

  • The animal stops stepping on its paw, moving on three.
  • If a pelvic fracture occurs, the cat cannot stand on its own feet.
  • In the area of ​​injury, unnatural mobility of bones is felt, which does not exist in a normal physiological state.
  • The site of the fracture swells, there is severe soreness.
  • The anatomical shape of the bone changes.

Acquired

Acquired fractures in kittens can be safely attributed to injuries resulting from:

  • Strong contraction of the uterus during active labor;
  • Incompetent actions of specialists in the process of obstetrics or cesarean section, when the fetuses are removed too quickly and not quite carefully.

It should be noted that fractures of this group are more common in older individuals who independently walk along a life path full of dangers and exciting adventures. After all, accidents with cats and cats occur overwhelmingly due to their excessive curiosity.

First aid for fracture

What to do in this case? First, carefully move the animal to a comfortable place, such as a drawer or box, cover it with a blanket, and take it to the vet. If there is still a fracture, the specialist will apply a special splint on the foot. Of course, it can be done at home, but, you know, this is too delicate and requires a professional approach, because a cat, feeling pain, can use claws and teeth. If there is suspicion of damage to the bones of the spine or skull, do not move the animal under any circumstances. Cover him with a blanket and call the vet.

In kittens and young cats, fractures heal quickly, and, as a rule, without consequences.

After examination, the mustache must be taken to an X-ray in order to see in which anatomical area the damage occurred, to find out its nature (open, closed, oblique, fragmented, transverse) and if there are any other defects.

Dangers of open fractures

In the case of an open fracture of a limb, a rupture of muscles, skin, nerves and blood vessels occurs, all this is accompanied by profuse bleeding and an increase in temperature. With an open fracture of a limb, only a splint is not enough. After the immobilization of the injured paw and the delivery of the pet to the doctor, specialists will perform an operation under anesthesia with the reduction of crushed bone fragments and the subsequent application of plaster.

In especially severe cases, with serious fractures, the animal is prescribed an operation under general anesthesia.

The meaning of such an operation is to apply a pin with an attachment to the bone. Previously, the wool is shaved off on the operational field (that is, on the paw). The operation itself takes several hours.

What to do if the fracture is closed?

With a closed fracture, soft tissues are damaged, severe pain appears, pressure and temperature increase, and swelling of the damaged area is noted. As mentioned earlier, in this case, a splint is applied to the damaged limb of the kitty and sent to a specialist.

Features of caring for an injured animal

Before the intervention of the pet, you should not feed for at least six hours. In addition, after the operation, it is necessary to give him antibiotic injections for about 5 days. You already know how to inject.

The vet will tell you how long it will take for you and your pet to show up to remove the post. This manipulation is also performed under general anesthesia, followed by suture.

What to do if the cat broke his paw

A bone fracture is considered one of the most serious injuries. Pets have similar troubles as often as humans. What to do if the cat broke his paw. Alexander Khamitov will tell you in today’s article.

Surely, many have heard that cats can jump from great heights and land without the slightest injury. However, this animal has a very curious character, striving to stick its nose everywhere. Therefore, the cat can be injured in a number of other cases, for example, to get hit by a car or in a doorway, or under the hot hand of yard guys.

Fractures of a limb are quite common in cats. You can cure the animal! The main thing is that help is provided correctly and on time.!

How to differentiate a limb fracture in a cat?

To recognize a fracture, it is necessary to pay attention to the wound itself, inside which there may be fragments of bones, the presence of edema, the cat’s nervous or restless behavior, and continuous meowing. In addition, it is difficult for an animal to step on a broken limb, therefore, it moves by squeezing it. These signs should disturb the owners and make them pay attention to the condition of the pet.

Limb amputation

If the fracture is very complex and does not heal in any way, and, moreover, an acute purulent process begins at the site of the injury, then the veterinarian may advise the amputation of the limb.

I will say right away that there is no need to choose between amputation and euthanasia of the animal. Cats easily adapt to life on three legs. They are no different from other cats: they are just as agile and agile.

Amputation is a way to prolong the life of an animal, the possibility of its recovery. And for you. plus many, many more years of communication with your pet.

If you find an error, please select a piece of text and press CtrlEnter.

Fracture: treatment and care

Closed fractures are treated with conservative methods. After the initial examination, an X-ray, the veterinarian fixes the limb with plaster.

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For a speedy recovery, I prescribe to my pet: a mode of maximum restriction of mobility, vitamin supplements, means for strengthening bone tissue, physiotherapy.

Open fractures require surgery. The veterinarian sets the bone, removes fragments, fixes the damage with a pin, a needle. The animal is prescribed antibiotics, vitamins.

During the rehabilitation period, the owner should limit the pet’s mobility by placing it in a spacious container. After removing the cast, daily massage the healed paw, introduce into the diet foods that promote osteosynthesis (bone regeneration).

Signs of a fracture

According to statistics, pets that regularly visit the street receive injuries accompanied by a fracture of the limbs. Unsuccessful jumps, climbing trees, and fighting with street cats can cause damage to the integrity of the bones. If the owner believes that the cat has a damaged limb, the pet should be brought to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Fractures are divided into two types: open and closed, each injury has its own distinctive features.

The presence of the first type of traumatic injury looks like this:

  • A gaping wound can be found on the paw (front or back),
  • A bone sticks out of the damaged area,
  • The wound is bleeding heavily.

The injury is considered very serious, it can lead to shock, the development of severe inflammatory processes, and death due to bleeding. It is impossible to cure an animal on your own, you cannot do without a trip to a veterinary clinic.

A cat may need a serious operation, because fragments of a broken bone may remain in the wound, and not everyone is able to stop the blood at home.

In the second case, the cat has the following symptoms:

  • The pet is unable to step on a limb even for a short time.,
  • Screams loudly in pain when touched,
  • The paw is swollen,
  • Under the coat, you can find a large hematoma in the injured area,
  • The bone is not movable in the joint, a crunch is heard on palpation.

The damage is extremely severe; the absence of blood and a gaping wound can be misleading. An animal experiencing shock practically does not experience pain, but a pet can only get high-quality care with a closed fracture from a veterinarian.

Competent transportation

Having provided first aid, you should correctly deliver your pet to the doctor so that the paw does not suffer even more during transportation.

For transportation:

  • Prepare a smooth, flat board, a piece of plywood by wrapping the carrier with a cloth;
  • Tie a sick animal with a wide bandage to an impromptu carrier under the front and above the hind legs;
  • Place on a flat surface, for example: on the back sofa of a car (if the patient is accompanied by a family member who calms the cat on the way to the clinic), on the front passenger seat (if the carriage is carried out without an assistant).

During transportation, you need to constantly stroke your pet, talk in a calm tone in order to relieve additional stress.

What to do if a cat breaks a paw: signs of a fracture, first aid, transportation to the clinic, treatment

A broken limb in an animal is a serious injury. The consequences of a fracture are immobilization, the development of an inflammatory process.

Cats, characterized by immense curiosity, the desire to climb all vertical and horizontal surfaces, the risk of injury is extremely high. What should the owner do if the cat broke his paw, how to help in this situation, what treatment is needed for the pet?

What to do if a cat has a broken paw

Competent actions of the owner in the first minutes, after the pet has received damage, will help to avoid complications, will contribute to the rapid recovery of a sick limb.

Do not panic, scare the cat even more. You need to inspect the place of damage, carry out first aid, deliver the pet to the nearest veterinary clinic.

First aid

Algorithm of actions:

  • In the presence of a bleeding wound, you should initially stop the blood, clean the wound surface from foreign objects. You can stop the blood with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth, pressing a tampon to the wound. In case of profuse bleeding from the damaged vessel, the application of a tourniquet, a bandage above the injury site, will help. The tourniquet should remain on the paw for no more than half an hour, the time when a tight bandage was applied should be recorded.
  • Treat the wound surface with antiseptic drugs.
  • After stopping the blood, fixation should be performed. The splint on the paw is not superimposed, a piece of wooden slats will do, a school ruler.
  • Relieve pain by giving your pet pain relievers and sedatives.

Broken paw of a cat is an ordeal for the animal and the owner.

Competent actions of the owner in the first minutes after the injury was detected will help to avoid the development of further complications, and careful control of the pet after providing assistance in the veterinary clinic will allow to restore the mobility of the injured limb in the shortest possible time.

First aid

Competent first aid helps to prevent the occurrence of many complications arising from the fact that the pet has broken its paw as soon as possible and to improve its condition. The first aid provided by the owner will reduce the anguish of the animal and upon arrival at the veterinary clinic will reduce the stress of the cat, from which it will more easily tolerate anesthesia. When a pet has a broken paw, the owner should not panic.

If the bleeding is profuse, then such an action does not lead to the desired result, and the injured paw should be urgently tightened with a tourniquet. An elastic cord is suitable for application, and, if it is not available, a regular bandage. The paw can remain tied for a maximum of 30 minutes, after which it is required to loosen the bandage to restore blood circulation and prevent tissue necrosis for 3-5 minutes.

Further, the sore paw, which the pet broke, must be fixed so that it does not harm itself even more. For this, a regular ruler is used. It comes up slightly longer than the injured paw. Fixation is carried out with a bandage, and in its absence, with a long, clean piece of cloth. Do not use an adhesive plaster for this, as when it comes off, there will be acute pain, and the risk of bone movement will also increase.

It is imperative to give the cat anesthetic, if you can show the cat to the doctor only after more than 30 minutes. If the animal receives the necessary assistance within half an hour, the drug is not required. This is a prerequisite. In order to relieve pain, analgin or baralgin is used in a dosage of ¼ tablets per adult animal. Further treatment of fractures of the limbs of the cat should be carried out by a veterinarian.

Fracture manifestations

When the paw is injured, the fracture can be closed or open. The first option is more common. With an open fracture, a pet has the following symptoms:

  • Gaping wound. especially severe when the hind leg is injured;
  • Visibility of bone fragments sticking out of the wound;
  • Bleeding.

Such an injury is the most serious, as it causes shock in animals and easily leads to dangerous infection. When the injured paw has a wound, it does not improve the pet’s condition and blood loss, which can be moderate to significant. Treatment is urgent.

When a paw has a closed fracture, it is lighter than an open fracture. However, this does not mean that it can be regarded as a minor injury and quality treatment should not be provided. To determine the position of the bones, you will need to take an X-ray immediately after arriving at the veterinary clinic. The fact that the cat broke his paw, with the closed type, is indicated by:

  • The inability of the animal to stand on its paw, even for a short time. if the cat broke its paw, and not the millet hurt very much;
  • Scream. when an injured paw experiences the slightest touch;
  • Broken paw swelling, moderate to very severe;
  • Hematoma, which is clearly visible, if you move the coat apart. a hemorrhage necessarily occurs at the fracture site;
  • Mobility of bones under the skin in the absence of a joint;
  • Crackling of bones when probing in the place where the cat broke a limb. due to the fact that bone fragments rub against each other;
  • Changing the shape of the limb. if the cat broke it with displacement of bone fragments.

When a cat is in a state of shock, he may not feel pain and therefore, when a sore paw touches something, it will not react to it. In such a situation, a visit to the veterinarian should be especially urgent, since, in addition to the fact that the cat broke a bone, there is a high risk of developing heart complications that can easily lead to the death of a beloved pet.

What to do if the cat broke his paw?

A broken paw in a cat is a serious injury that immobilizes the limb and causes inflammation. Every owner should know what to do if the cat breaks its paw. If there is a kitten in the house, the risk of injury increases. This also applies to a young dog, but another article will tell about a paw injury.

Most often, a pet’s paw suffers from fractures, which has free access to the street, since, due to the vastness and more active life, it can easily be crippled. An awkward leap after prey, a broken tree branch, and an encounter with another animal can easily break bones. After the owner discovers that the cat has broken a paw, he must urgently provide first aid to the pet and then deliver it to the veterinarian. A full-fledged splint, like in humans, does not overlap.

Shipping

Transport to the veterinary clinic needs competent. The animal is carefully placed on a flat hard surface, on which the risk of additional injury to the limb is minimal. The pet must be fixed, for which in the area of ​​the shoulder blades and pelvis it is tied to the board on which transportation is planned. Put the cat in the back seat. It is optimal if there is a person who can follow the pet and calm it down on the way to the clinic.