How to make your own pony skin
When creating an account on the Pony Town website, we get to the page with the pony editor.
And here we need to create our hero. The disadvantage of the game is the lack of the Russian language. But this is not a problem if you are using the Google Chrome browser. Since you can enable automatic translation of pages in it.
And all words in English will be immediately translated into Russian. After turning on the Russian in the browser, it will become much easier to understand the pony editor.
Despite the many points, the editor is not difficult. Each of the blocks with a part of the pony’s body is signed and has clear parameters. There are also several blanks that you can choose or change its colors.
For example, select a body element in the “Body pattern” block that you would like to apply to your character. If you select the Color option below, you can change the color of the part of the body you have selected. You can apply an outline to your pony, as many do. Or leave it to make body parts stand out better against the background of the game map.
It is important to choose a base color for the body to make your character in Pony Town. This parameter is also important. Next, select the block called “Tail” and choose the one suitable for the pony.
If you are copying an already created image (for example, trying to create a character from the cartoon “My Little Pony”), then choose the appropriate tail. You should also choose a mane similar in shape, more lush and voluminous look better.
Finally, you need to save the resulting character and start the game. To do this, on the left in the window, click on the “Save” button.
about the game Pony Town
Pony Town is a browser-based online sandbox built on Flash technology. Many favorite cartoons about ponies are taken as a basis. After creating their account, everyone must recreate the main character. a pony from scratch. To do this, users will have to face a difficult character editor. But in fact, most even like to assemble a cartoon horse piece by piece, painting its body parts.
The Pony Town editor gives us the opportunity to choose the shape of the pony’s body, choose the coloring and limbs for the animal. And be sure to make your own cutie mark. this is a small arbitrary sign of several color squares. The cutie mark is a unique distinctive mark for a pony. You yourself can portray anything in it. But it must be unique. this is the only condition.
The game Pony Town was invented by three friends who were well versed in web programming. According to their statement, they had no goal to create such a popular game at that time. But already a month later, more than 500 thousand people wishing to play were recorded on the server. Pony Town has several features. For example, there is no usual form for registering new users, which is typical for such “browser”. Instead, you need to log in using your page on social networks.
The developers quite often fix game errors, and those fixes that were affected by the patch are displayed on the site.
How to make a skin in Pony Town
Pony Town is a game that has become popular in a short time. In an online RPG, everyone can make a skin of their own character in Pony Town. And also make other game elements that are an integral part of it. This is a useful review of the game, in which you will find a lot of interesting things.
How to create a chimera skin in Pony Town
The editor in the game Pony Town allows us to do whatever comes to mind. The character can be anyone and look like it’s not a pony at all. To do something scary as our character, nothing more than the editor itself is required. Just a little care.
How to make a chimera in Pony Town:
Making my dogs in Pony Town
Choose a base color for the pony. But keep in mind that the front of it will be dark or even black;
Such a pony will terrify other Pony Town players. If this is your style of play, make a similar even more terrible creature out of a pony. As you can see, this is not difficult. There are many different types of creatures in the game besides ponies: fish, lizards, bees, sharks. And with a little time, you can create them.
Instructions for creating a cat skin in Pony Town
If you’ve played Pony Town before, you’ve seen characters that look exactly like cats. They can be with bows, hats or other accessories. But they do not at all look like standard ponies. Now we will learn how to make such. And in the editor in a minute you will have your own cat or cat. In this case, do not limit yourself to the result obtained and try to add something of your own. You may be able to do even better than the example.
In the editor, we see a standard pony that has a yellow mane and an orange body. And the first thing to do with it is to repaint the whole body in black. Select “Body” in the editor tabs and specify it;
Why can’t I change the game using hacks or scripts
This restriction is in place to protect you and the game itself from other players in the game.
How to make cool dog in pony town
Almost all third-party scripts used in the game were used to stalk other players. Even when. the creator of the script did not intend to use it in this way, limiting himself to knowing the very problems with the game and security can lead to inadvertently creating a script that is harmful to other players in the game.
Even when the scenario does not seem to affect other players, it often causes performance issues for the server or other players. This forces us to work to put more restrictions on player interaction and takes development time from adding new features to the game.
How to create a double ponytail hairstyle?
After the main mane in the back mane (the second tail), select the tail with an elastic band, then go to the other head, find the hats, take the 18th accessory.
How and where to become a Support in Pony Town?
For donating money, you will be given a support position. You can donate money by clicking on the pony on top, which is under your character.
Questions about the game
Page not loading or page refresh stuck
Try restarting and clearing your browser data. If this does not help you should check if any of the extensions are causing the problem, you can check it using your browser’s incognito mode.
Screen is black or flashes after joining a game
This is usually caused by outdated graphics drivers or the browser. Check if your browser is up to date and check if there are new updates for your graphics card or device.
If your browser is already up to date, try installing a different browser. We recommend using Chrome or Firefox.
Some older devices do not support the required features and will never work with the game.
Stable in the capital: ponies. horses too
“VIP” is 40 cm tall. A tabunchik of a dozen little horses was walking melancholy in a livada. so beautifully called a corral overgrown with grass. Against the background of a lonely tree, the ponies looked like mustangs plowing across the prairie. Although the largest horse was about a meter high, and the two-month-old foal Vip stretched up to 40 cm. The herd, seeing a man, immediately reached for him. The ponies smacked their thick lips and at the same time, noisily sucked in the air with their nostrils. “Give me something tasty!” as they asked. Small horses looked like big good-natured dogs, except that they did not give a paw. Human. Boris Gopka, professor of the horse breeding department of the National Agrarian University. fed his favorite horses with apples. The ponies chewed juicy on them, not leaving their hands, and soon the professor’s light cloak was covered with spots of apple juice and viscous horse saliva. When the apples ran out, curious creatures began to encroach on the camera of the “KP” correspondent, but quickly figured out that it was tasteless, and began to torment the reporter’s bag, carelessly left on the grass. Well, in fact: like dogs, always looking for something to feed.
To create a farm in Kiev (located in Golossevsky Park) for breeding ponies was an old dream of Boris Gopka. Back in 1980, he brought two small horses and one stallion from Ryazan. mini-herd that could give offspring. Some of the then leadership of the Agricultural Academy (as the National Agrarian University was formerly called) considered the scientist’s initiative “self-indulgence at public expense.” It is necessary, they say, to cultivate working heavy draft horses that help build communism, and not toy ones, which can only be ridden by children. But the future professor, as befits a hereditary peasant, was stubborn and cunning. For the “in-depth study of animal husbandry” at the zooengineering faculty, a training laboratory for horse breeding was already created, or more simply. stable. Representatives of various working horses and settled in it. the same ponies. In a large horse family gathered under one roof, ponies were no longer perceived as “pampering”, but personified a vivid example of what can happen to an animal if it is not taken care of, poorly fed, and generally abandoned to its fate. Now in the stable of the Department of Horse Breeding (by the way, this year it turned 10 years old) there are 42 horses, half of them. dwarf. nevertheless came true. Although the ponifarm did not work out autonomously, it did take place. over: at the expense of small horses, their giant relatives are now kept.
Horses, like humans, should be three or better. eat four times a day. In the diet. hay, oats, vegetables (beets, carrots). In summer. grass, in the fall. apples grown on the territory adjacent to the stable. This is already a delicacy. In general, ponies, like children, love everything sweet. sugar pieces, sweets, cookies. Laboratory staff (7 people) and students spoil little creatures for their own blood, when they can. The situation with the stables as a training laboratory for the years of Ukraine’s independence has developed strange. Money is consistently allocated only for the salaries of employees. And what to keep the horses for? Only oats are needed up to 100 kg per day. And drugs are needed literally in horse doses. Ponies have become the lifesaver that helps the entire university horse farm survive. Our conversation with the head of the laboratory, Anna Skabard, was interrupted by a phone call from the Odessa circus: a pony was urgently needed in return for a sudden, alas, deceased (by the way, “dwarfs” live longer than giants, up to 26-27 years). And the cost of one such horse. from 25 to 30 thousand hryvnia. Up to a dozen horses are sold per year. In addition to circuses (ponies are perfectly trainable), photographers buy them. what parent can resist the pleas of his beloved child to be photographed on a pony? Increasingly, wealthy people began to acquire mini-horses for their country villas. also for the joy of the offspring. And not so long ago, one of the orphanages in the Sumy region acquired a pony (albeit for the money of sponsors). The proceeds from the horses are deposited into the university-wide cash register, and some of them, not without difficulty, are then “scratched out” on the same oats. By the way, on the day of work of the “KP” correspondent, a Kamaz with animal feed was expected at the poniferm, and students were urgently mobilized at the zoological faculty to unload it.
Since ancient times, people love horses for their loyalty and obedience. Ponies are even more meek and trust a person from all, if they have one, a horse’s soul. However, they simply reciprocate people: after all, they know nothing in this life except the love and care of the laboratory staff. By the way, Anna Viktorovna Skabard, already 16 years in the position of the manager. native city dweller. But she began to be friends with horses since childhood: at the age of 11 she came to the equestrian school “Dynamo”, then graduated from the Institute of Physical Education and received the specialty of a trainer in equestrian sports. A young woman from Kiev, Yulia Voloschenko, also began an attachment to horses in the same way: she was also an equestrian school. only in “Vanguard”, the first victories in competitions and the title of candidate for master of sports. But Julia has already gone further: after graduating from the Agrarian University, she became a postgraduate student at the horse breeding department. And the ponferma itself is now regularly replenished with new tenants. their own are born and “Varangians” appear. Recently, the stallion Erelis was brought from Lithuania, which means Eagle. And the veteran Pipars (Perchik) was brought in at the age of 8 from Latvia, where, in turn, he came from Holland when he was 2 years old. Now Pipars is 23 years old, but he is still in the ranks. When the veteran was younger, he developed a passionate love for the ponderous mare Titre, who lived in the stall opposite. The little boyfriend managed to climb over double fences at night to communicate with his passion, which was five times his size. Titra at first treated the mini-lover favorably, but then, apparently, the mare’s pride leaped up and once she drove Pipars away with a blow of her hoof. Yes, a little did not take into account the different weight categories. knocked out the eyes of the stallion. But he did not change his love even after that. I had to transfer the mare to another stall. away from sin. Such passions, it happens, simmer in the stable. straight after Shakespeare, only horse love.
Where did ponies come from on Earth? The reliable origin of small horses is unknown to science, there are only versions. Professor Gopka considers the following to be the most plausible of them. In ancient times, Scandinavian seafarers brought horses to the Shetland Islands (north of Scotland on the border of the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean). The Viking ship may have been wrecked. people died, and the horses survived and began to adapt to the harsh conditions of life on the rocky deserted islands, where there was practically no vegetation. As a result of centuries of struggle for survival. taking into account the “kindred incest”, the Scandinavian horses (and without that did not belong to large breeds) gradually degenerated into small ones (up to 105 cm high at the withers). English seafarers, who discovered them in the 17th century, called the outlandish pony humpbacked horses.
Most ponies are in the UK. In this state of improved horse breeding, there are at least 5 typical pony breeds. These are ponies from Ensmoor, Newforest, Dartmoor, Wallis, Scotland and Shetland. Before moving on to a more accurate description of these different species, we cannot fail to mention that the English pony belongs to the oldest horse races. Long before the question of ennobling the native breed through crossing with horses of eastern blood began to be raised in England, ponies in a wild and semi-wild state already existed in the swampy districts of the British state. And that the latter did not come from, as they say, “nasty parents” is also proved by their glorious role in horse racing. This is, for example, the historical fact that the first racehorses mentioned in the chronicle of the English turf were “14 hands 2 inches” (1.48 m.). These miniature horses seem to have held on for a long time in the arena, because in 1748 several royal prizes were won by a Scottish pony, barely “14 palms and 1 inch” ( 1.45 m.). Therefore, it can be assumed with a high probability that the semi-wild pony is a direct descendant of a degenerated Old English horse and came down only thanks to the deprivation that he had to endure in swampy districts, gradually to its small stature. This conclusion is also supported by the legend, according to which the Phoenicians brought the pony to England and used it to deliver the lead they acquired from the natives.
According to another legend, during the collapse of the Armada, Spanish kleppers were rescued and used for brood in the swampy areas of England.
Although we must leave the question of the actual origin of the pony open, nevertheless, at the venerable age of this race, the one who chose the history of the horse as the subject of special studies.
The characteristic properties of a pony are courage and tirelessness. In this respect, the pony bears a striking resemblance to a racehorse. A half-bred horse is rarely properly trained, pony. always; a half-blooded horse would die in a swampy area, a thoroughbred, despite the habit of warm stables and caring care, endures the greatest hardships and, as proven by many examples, joins, without harm to itself, herds of ponies living in a semi-wild state. For example, a purebred horse named “Young Vengeance” owned by Lord Portsmouth, escaping from the pasture, was found only a few months later, in the Exmoor Steppe. Another thoroughbred horse, “Allow Me”, spent the whole winter in Dartmoor in the company of ponies. In addition, it has been learned from experience that it is very difficult to force a half-blooded horse to go deep into a marshland, while a thoroughbred horse, without disassembling anything, joins the herds of ponies. As a consequence, it is hardly a mistake to assume that over time ponies have been mingled with thoroughbred horses more than once; at least the analogy in productivity and temperament of the two horse breeds can hardly be explained otherwise. The wettest areas are home to the best and largest ponies; the main character traits remained the same.
Exmoor is a vast steppe of about 30,000 acres (about 32,000 hectares), of which most of it is now hedged and taken over by various individuals who, depending on the size of their shares in the common land, breed larger or smaller herds of ponies, or rather, allow them to grow up in a semi-wild state. The characteristic features of a real Exmoor pony are: a dark chestnut color with a donkey’s muzzle or a chestnut color on the body with black limbs (in addition, a light chestnut color with a lighter shade under the belly and on the inner surface of the forearms and thighs is very much appreciated); height not exceeding 12 hands (1.22 m.); small thin ears, noble head, short neck, muscular, well-set shoulders, low neck, short, strong back, wide width above the hips, drooping croup, long forearm and thighs, short tibia, cow-set hocks.
Most of all, in these animals, the typicality of their entire appearance catches the eye of the connoisseur. In this respect, they are superior to all other English pony breeds.
For that, the impression is harmed by their too small stature; so, most of the mares barely reach 1.18 m. Harnessing such midgets into carriages is more than cruel, and riding them is allowed only for small children, but this does not prevent adults, in the homeland of ponies, from allowing themselves this liberty. If you want to buy Exmoor ponies, it is best to go to the equestrian market in Bampton. There he can choose between hundreds; the market price, depending on age and value, ranges between £ 3 and £ 10. erased per copy.
New Forest, this vast forest near London, is, so to speak, one large pony plant. However, the mares, numbering about 1,200, are not united in the same hands, but each of the forest managers, the so-called “commoners”, keeps several breeding queens and breeds ponies, although these animals are almost completely on their own. run with mares in the forest and are not subject to any control in relation to mating.Neither stallions, nor mares or foals ever get under the roof and whoever is unable to endure winter hardships is allowed to die; the owner is left with the comforting consciousness that specimens that have survived the winter how great such losses can be is seen from the fact that no more than 60 ponies died in the harsh winter of 1887-1888 in the New Forest.
New. The forest pony is larger than the Exmoor one. its average height is 1.32 m. it is not as typical as the last one. This, of course, can be attributed to the frequent mixing of blood that took place in the wilds of the New Forest. The tide of alien blood is said to date back to the time of Cromwell, when royal horsemen drove their horses into the forest to hide them from the protector’s troops. In our times, Arabian stallions were repeatedly used to refresh the blood in the area of the New Forest ponies, mostly gifts from eastern sovereigns to members of the English royal house. Opinions differ on the significance of this eastern crossing. If you believe the “commoners”, then the products of the first crosses with Arab horses turned out to be very satisfactory, but in later generations the noble blood did not hesitate to show itself. Against the general, widespread use of the Arab horse for breeding ponies, it will probably be possible to object only to the fact that Arab blood gives ponies are large in size and less strong, therefore it deprives this breed of horses of some of its typical properties.
But if, on the other hand, we take into account that in fact there is not a small demand for large, noble ponies, and that the notorious strength is achieved at the expense of other, economically more important properties, then one cannot attach particular importance to the mentioned disadvantages of eastern crossing.
In addition, it remains to draw attention to the fact that the stallion material currently used in the New Forest Horse Breeding District is extremely poor in quality, a fact that received bright light thanks to the proposal of the Forestry Department “to kill all stallions wandering in the forest and place twenty-five good producers. “We should not lose sight of the fact that New Forest breeders sell every stallion a little more suitable and leave only such a marriage to the tribe that cannot be sold. One can only be surprised that the New Forest pony still exists at all, but it does not bear comparison with its Exmoor cousins.Especially with regard to the nobility, the position of the shoulders and the position of the limbs of the New Forest pony leaves much to be desired.
The Welsh pony is also fighting a fierce struggle for existence. Even sheep are preferred to him. When there is little grass in the sheep pasture, the pony must give up its place, and if he becomes stubborn, dogs are set on him! Therefore, a real Welsh pony considers every dog to be his implacable enemy and woe to the mongrel who stuck too close to him! Fortunately, the increased demand for good pony material has had a beneficial effect on the conditions for raising these animals in Wales, so that now half-starved, emaciated ponies are less and less common. Let us suppose that there is still nothing to say about the careful care of the nascent generation, and in Wales, just as in Exmoor and New Forest, a pony has to look for food under the snow in winter. By this condition, and together with the poor quality of the stallions’ material, it should be attributed that most ponies born in Wales are suitable only for service in the coal mines. Few more successful animals come very close to the ideal pony. They enjoy indestructible health, have a good pace, and do everything that can be asked of such horses. The average height of a Welsh pony is 1.32 m, although some specimens are somewhat large, however, not pure breeding. Other distinctive features of this breed are long silky hair on the tail and mane, large intelligent eyes, iron bones and hooves, a low nape, somewhat steep shoulders, a short strong back and cow-like hocks. Good quality Welsh ponies usually sell for £ 7-10. Art. The best markets for these ponies are Brampton and Brian in Herfordshire, Telgors in Briconyire, Gantington and New Rednor in Rednorshire, New town in Montgomeryshire.
The precious cardigan-cob is essentially a cross between a Norfolk trotter stallion with a mountain pony mare, but with an admixture of pure blood.
Although the “cardigancob” on the market is priced higher than a pure small mountain pony, it is inferior to the latter in performance. These qualities, however, are not required of him, since in the role of a cob, in any case, he is higher than other cultural races The best mares are raised in the vicinity of Winnstey.
The Society of Wales Ponies and Cobs has released 6 volumes of its student book to date.
The Dartmoor pony is smaller than the Welsh (1.22 m.), But otherwise has so many similarities with it that we may not devote a separate description to it.
Scottish pony. also called the Highlander or highlander. is considered the best pony in the world for its meekness and intelligence. He reaches a height of 1.28-1.38 m, but in all other respects it differs very little from other small breeds of ponies, with which he has in common a thin head and cow rear. Amazing ability of this small animal to carry disproportionate to its growth in weight. Carrying a five-pound Scotsman on any road, apparently, does not in the least hamper a real “highlander”, although from the outside it is simply scary to watch how a giant rider must bend his knees so as not to touch the ground with his feet. in England a cavalry unit, the so-called Lord-lovats-ecouts, which uses exclusively Scottish “garrons”.
These horses only lack a better shoulder position to meet all cavalry repair requirements. Many experienced cavalry officers, including Lord Tulibardin, are of the opinion that this deficiency can be remedied by crossing selected Garron mares with appropriate purebred stallions. However, it is hardly possible to achieve the intended goal in this way. It would be more rational to use crossing with the so-called fellpony, in which the shoulder is well established. Finally, with regard to the Shetland Pony Islands (see Figure 32), this species appears to be dying out. This is indicated, among other things, by the fact that for mares, which previously could be purchased for 3. 5 p. Art., now have to pay 10-12 p. Art. The average height of a true Scotsman is 1.15 m. Animals exceeding this norm have a significantly lower market value, which is why the crossing of Shetland ponies with an Arabian stallion undertaken several years ago was not satisfactory, simply because the offspring came out too large. The most common suits are karakova and black. From Icelandic ponies, which are sometimes sold for real Scots, the latter are distinguished by their large volume and a much more noble head shape. Great endurance is inherent in them as well as all other breeds of ponies. Thus, animals that work 25 years and live 30 are by no means considered exceptions.
Ponies of the Shetland Islands are aristocrats of the equine family, as they have a number of very ancient ancestors.
It can be proved from historical data that already the northern Vikings, who visited the Shetland Islands on their dragon-like ships, found remarkably small horses there. Since then, of course, they have not increased in growth, starving and suffering constantly from the cold. If during winter storms, they did not find any food on the mountains, then they went down to the shore and at low tide fed on algae.
By the middle of the last century, it was noticed that in the coal mines, the Shetland pony, due to its dwarf size and endurance, represents the best workhorse. From that time on, for it began to rise. For a pony costing 4. 5 lbs., They began to demand already 15. 20 lbs. This increase in and other considerations prompted the Marquis of Londonderry to organize a special plant for this breed on the islands of Breesey and Mos in 1873.
The proliferation of well-bred ponies in various parts of the country has had a very beneficial effect on the breeding of the Shetland breed. New factories have sprung up in many places and have finally come to believe that the original Shetland pony, on the improved soil of Glaucestershire, Kent and Essex, is developing just as well, if not better, than in its native mountains.
On the Shetland Islands itself, there are already breeders who, following the example of the Marquis, carefully select the plant material and, when raising young animals, act with great understanding of the matter.
The first volume of The Shetland Pony Studbook appeared in 1891. Since then, pony farming has developed into an important industry in the Shetland Islands. The largest breeder can be considered Mr. Mekenzie in Leuhars, but the British experts put the plant of Mrs Gope even higher.
This could complete the list of English pony breeds. Although in various parts of the British state, in addition to the breeds mentioned here, small, refined horses are also bred, which, due to the growth of 15 hands (1.53 m), are called “ponies”, in most cases these are only small-sized horses, and not products of pure breeding of ponies.
In the old days, these “random ponies” were known by the now obsolete name “galloways”.
Currently in England there are “New forest pony association” (address: 72, High Str., Lymington) and “Hants u Shetland pony. Stud-book society (address: 3, Golden square, Aberdeen.), Where you should contact if necessary, purchase ponies of undoubtedly pure origin.Lately North America subscribes masses of ponies to cities, gardens, for children’s entertainment trips, to resorts, etc.
Among the “half pony” obtained from crossing with purebred horses, one should look for the heroes of the games. Polo and ponies; under the auspices of the Polo and Riding Pony Society (address: 12, Hanover sq. London), these spectacles reached unprecedented development. at least 499 ponies were entered in the Pony and Galloway Racing Calendar. Whoever wants to form an even more definite concept of the productivity of such miniature trotters, let him observe them in Pontypool or Gurlingham. If he knows how to appreciate the nobility, grace and beautiful movements of a horse even when it carries the humble name “pony”, then he will not regret his ride.
Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Corsican and Hutsul ponies are also more or less well-known and highly valued. However, none of these breeds can equal the English ponies, which, in terms of nobility and gaits, surpass all their relatives.
Icelandic ponies, according to legend, are descended from horses of the Norse Fiord race, brought to Iceland around 941. The average height of this horse is 116-120 st., The most common color is gray or reddish-gray. The coarse heavy head, skinny body shapes and shaggy coat make the Icelandic pony look very unattractive; but when it is necessary to transport heavy, 100. 200 kilograms on impassable roads, no pony of another breed can equal it. For this reason, several ships each year are sent from Akureyri to Scotland, loaded with Icelandic ponies, which, upon arrival at their destination, are purchased for the hard work in the eternal darkness of the coal mines. A happier fate awaits only a select few among them. For example, the Lords Cecile set up an Icelandic pony factory in Orchadmans, supplying the English market with very decent ponies for children. The refined Icelandic pony has recently found amateurs in Germany. Because of this, the best examples cost no less than 350-400 marks there, which, of course, is too expensive, given the inherent lack of nobility and movement inherent in all Icelandic ponies. The best ponies are bred near Gornafiord east of Ikaptafelbissel.
The Norwegian pony or Fiord horse, which we have already described in detail (see Fig. 24), we can pass over in silence here. We mention this breed only because a few years ago the German emperor ordered himself to Berlin a very beautiful merinka of the Fiord race, with his harness and cart, and this, of course, caused imitators.
In Sweden there are, or rather, there used to be two breeds of ponies, namely the tiny, so-called “royal horse” of the island of Åland and the Gottland pony. The first of these breeds is completely extinct, so we will only deal with the second here.
The Swedish island of Gottland (3115.6 sq. Km., 53,293 inhabitants) is,
known to be in the Baltic Sea and consists of limestone rocks, with
fertile topsoil. In this way he presents great advantages to the breeder. Mild maritime climate, calcareous soil, rich pastures. generally England in mi-
niature. However, of all these advantages of the island, prompting
to the breeding of noble horses, Swedish horse breeders still
gained no benefit. If at all we can talk about Gottland-
local horse breeding, this is the merit exclusively of the local pony.
But isn’t it a waste of time to breed ponies where all the conditions are?
favor the breeding of a thoroughbred horse? Miniature horse
Gottland, like most of its relatives, the product of a semi-wild
breeding, only in rare cases produced under the roof
stables. Usually the Gottland pony spends the whole year in
forest, where he is especially bad during March and April.
Nevertheless, this gypsy life seems to have more appeal for the Gottlandian skogsruss than the regular life of the stable; at least the adult russ find it extremely difficult to get used to it. In the old days, almost every peasant kept at least a couple of ponies that didn’t cost him half a piece to feed on a communal forest pasture. But since the system of land taxes was introduced in Gottland, small owners had to give up this luxury, as a result of which the ponies have become much more expensive. A pair is currently worth about 500 marks, while good four-year-olds cost at least 225 marks apiece. But they are quite worth the money. It should not be overlooked that two good Gottland ponies, with their insignificant size, carry, jokingly, a very respectable weight of 600. 700 kg. and in less than an hour they can make 10-11 kilometers.
Outwardly, the Gottland pony vividly resembles the Shetland mountain pony, although only in rare cases it reaches the average size of the latter. A good back, strong bones, incredible unpretentiousness, a healthy physique and temperament, like that of a horse in the Arabian desert. these are the gifts that mother nature has endowed him with.
Unfortunately, Sweden is not at all aware of what treasure the country possesses in the even better “Skogsruss”; left unattended, this pony in a short time can completely disappear from the face of the earth, while the worst ponies on the world market will be valued for all the gold.
The pony of Corsica is more famous than the Swedish “skogsruss”, but it is hardly more productive than the first. moss, tree bark, or dry leaves. ”But this does not mean that the Corsican pony is delicate, accustomed to the comforts of a stable; like all other varieties of ponies, it grows in a semi-wild state in the bosom of nature until, when it reaches three or four years of age, it is caught and not made to work.
The Corsican pony has a beautiful head, a well-formed neck, well-set shoulders, a strong back, a rounded croup, a high-set tail, thin but strong limbs and healthy hooves. All together gives the animal a very cute look. The Corsican peasants can be all the more proud of their lively pretty ponies, because these miniature horses are highly valued not only on their native island, but throughout southern Europe, bringing a fair amount of income to the owners. With all this, breeding ponies in Corsica is more likely to regress than progress, goes more backwards than forward. A person remains true to himself everywhere. what is conceived and preserved without difficulty, he considers not worth worries.
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The Sardinian pony is larger than the Corsican and finds many uses. His special service corresponds to our horse-drawn carriage, and in this sense he has no rivals in Italian cities. Its height is 142-150 st. The whole warehouse is light and noble, which proves its origin from the Barbary ancestors; deep chest, strong legs. The temperament is wonderful; he works as long as he can, to the point of exhaustion.
The described Sardinian horse is called “akxemma”, it reaches 30-35 years of age, is cheap (from 500-600 lire) and therefore is precious for the corresponding class of consumers.
The gaffling breed is considered an excellent workhorse, which is widespread in South Tyrol, between Bozen and Meran. Nothing is known about her origin, but who rode them under the saddle, or in a carriage, will easily agree that there is noble blood in their veins. He is very much loved, like a hunting horse, on any terrain when shooting from a horse. He is strong, hardy, very strong on his feet and can bear enormous weights. Under a heavy load, he climbs steep mountains along paths where even a person cannot pass, he jumps and climbs like a goat. Cold and heat are completely indifferent to him. In winter, it grows overgrown with long hair, and in summer it works tirelessly at 39 ° C. Heat without any shade.
Growth from 145 to 160 st. You can buy unused horses, just brought from mountain meadows, as well as those left out, fed with oats, near Meran, in South Tyrol.
We do not have a special breed of pony in Russia, except for a small horse bred on the island of Ezel and called there Doppel-ponny, which was mentioned above. This cheap horse is very efficient, and in the provinces of the Baltic region you often have to see such horses harnessed to all kinds of carts.
The last pony on our list is the so-called Hutsul horse, found in Bukovina and on the northeastern slopes of the Carpathians. This pony reaches 1.30 to 1.35 meters. medium size; it is strong and hardy, has an unusually correct step, carries incredible weights and is content with the most meager food. But in his appearance and in the course it would be in vain to look for grace. Despite this, good Hutsul ponies are valued in Vienna for 100-150 florins apiece. If the Austrian horse breeder management succeeds in giving this pony a more marketable look through the already introduced crossbreeding with oriental stallions, then with a brisk demand for good ponies, the Hutsul horse will also rise in price. Then the peasant in the Galician Carpathians will have to look for another beast of burden for himself, since it is at least doubtful that the modified Hutsul pony would provide him with the same services that the old unrefined breed did, for which there were no difficulties of crossing the most impossible mountain roads, along deadwood and through the stormy streams of the Carpathian foothills.
BREEDS. Welsh pony
Height: Welsh Mountain Pony (Type A): 1.20 m; Welsh riding pony (type B) and Welsh pony type cob (type c): 1.34 m; Welsh Cob (type D): over 1.52 m.
Color: Welsh mountain ponies are predominantly gray, although bay, red and palamino are found. Any one-color suit for all four breeds is allowed.
Temperament: Welsh ponies are intelligent, capable, have considerable stamina.
Exterior: All four types of Welsh ponies have a noble, beautiful head, large nostrils. The high-set tail betrays the presence of Arabian blood. The back is short, rounded, the croup is well formed. The legs are strong. Straight forearms protrude forward.
Usage: ponies are used for riding.
Movement: a peculiar move at all gaits; strong, well-developed legs allow good jumps.
Notes: There are four different breeds in the Studbook of the Welsh Pony and Cob Community. The Welsh mountain pony is the foundation of other breeds. The Welsh Riding Pony is designed for children to ride. The pedigree mowing lines of these ponies include a thoroughbred stallion that interbred with ponies in the eighteenth century. In the local dialect, these ponies are called “merlin”. Type C ponies have a mixture of Arabian blood. Arabian blood has been blended to improve the riding characteristics of the pony. They are also used in harness. Finally, type D is true Welsh mares, which have been bred with larger horses. In the early twentieth century, Welsh mares were used as riding and pack horses. Through crossing with a thoroughbred horse, they have developed into good riding horses, capable of jumping.
Additional Information: One of the most notable Welsh pony breeders wrote: “The blood of the Welsh mountain pony can enhance any other blood that is mixed with.” Today, purebred Welsh ponies are beautiful and graceful animals. They have a proud aristocratic posture, they are hardy, strong and healthy in body and spirit, which are characteristic features of animals that have lived in the bosom of nature for a long time. Home of the Welsh mountain ponies. the hills and valleys of Wales. The breed originated before the arrival of the Romans. Their fate was not easy. Winters in the area were severe. An isolated valley or a group of bare trees most often served as a refuge from the cold for the horses. And yet the Welsh ponies could not only survive in these conditions, but also
prosper. We will follow proud stallions, groups of mares and their foals, wandering through semi-wild lands, climbing mountains, jumping over ravines, and galloping through hilly territories. This way of life ensured the preservation of only the most hardy individuals in the breed. According to the decree of Henry the 8th (1509. 1547), all horses below 153 cm were destroyed, not excluding the Welsh ponies. Hiding in desolate uninhabited lands, where their pursuers were unable to penetrate, they continued to live and reproduce, retaining for mankind the characteristic traits of ponies that today inspire enthusiasm among breeders and pony lovers around the world. That the Welsh ponies carry some Arab blood. seems certain. Probably, such an Arabized appearance, as it is now, has taken place since the ancient Roman occupation. Arabian horses have accompanied the Romans since the African campaigns and were abandoned by them in Great Britain during their retreat in 410 AD. e. It also seems possible that neat infusions of purebred, oriental and hakne blood could have been made. Welsh ponies, however, have retained their dominant physical characteristics over the years, showing good compatibility with other breeds, and this is, according to some horse breeders, an important aspect of their extraordinary versatility. Breeders who breed both light horses and small ponies successfully cross them with Welsh ponies. Welsh ponies have an extraordinary ability to inherit their best qualities. Over the years, Welsh ponies have served a variety of purposes. It is believed that they even drove chariots in the spacious sports arenas. They worked in coal mines, on farms, on postal roads. They were pampered by the nobility and served on the farms of the poor. The Welsh Pony and Cob Lovers Society was founded in Wales in 1901. and their first studbook was published in 1902. The original classification for Welsh ponies was Section A, a Welsh mountain pony used for children’s riding; Section B, Welsh Pony. Founders of the Welsh Cob and Pony Lovers Society in 1901. decided to register and record this old breed, along with Welsh mountain ponies and larger Welsh ponies, in a Welsh studbook, dividing them into four sections according to weight and type. Essentially, the descriptions of each section are similar. typical Welsh breeds, a short pony head with small ears, large protruding eyes and wide nostrils, well-formed shoulders, short back and strong muscular hips. Welsh Cob. There is evidence that native Wales breeds existed before 1600 BC. BC during his trip to Britain in the 55th century. BC BC, was amazed by the British and their wonderful chariot horses. Evidence for the existence of Welsh cobs in the Middle Ages and even earlier can be found in medieval Welsh literature. According to the description, he was “quick-footed, good jumper, good swimmer, and able to carry considerable weight on his back.” He also had to be able to haul loads of logs through forests and do most of the work on upland farms long before the arrival of heavier animals. Both in wartime and in peacetime, he played an important role. According to documents from the 15th century, Welsh mares were an integral part of the riding stables of the British knights. The Welsh Cob, or Ronsey, was used to guide powerful war horses. Since these warhorses had the trot as their main gait, Welsh mares covered long distances at a trot, lining up the warhorses. Today the powerful low trot of the Welsh Cob is legendary. During the Crusades (1100. 1500), the crusaders brought Arab stallions to Wales, which left an undeniable imprint on the Welsh cobs. The Welsh Cob collaborated with man in war and in peace. There is no doubt that in 1485. the British throne was conquered by Henry Tudor with the help of the Welsh militia on their kobas, who gathered troops around him on his arrival from France to Midford Haven, when he was traveling to the west coast of Wales. Much later, Morgan horses were bred in America, owing their origin to the Welsh Cobs, abandoned by the retreating British army after the American War of Independence in the late 18th century. Just 30 or 40 years ago, Welsh mares were evaluated by the British War Office. Prizes were paid for the best stallions. The War Office used cobs to move infantry and to transport heavy weapons and equipment through uneven, mountainous terrain, which was difficult for motorized vehicles to traverse. Before the advent of automobiles, the Welsh Cob was the fastest way of travel for doctors or traders and others who wanted to get to their destination in the shortest time. Quite often, the sale of a cob depended on how quickly it could cover a certain distance without effort. Businessmen in South Wales were known to have picked the cob, riding it all the way from Cardiff to Dowles. about 35 miles up the hill. The best representatives of the breed covered this distance in less than three hours, from start to finish never slowing down or changing gait. Now purebred Welsh ponies are characterized by a friendly character, quick wit and hard work. They are very lively, but liveliness is combined with kindness and willingness to work. Welsh Mountain Pony (Section A) Height does not exceed 123 cm at the withers. Centuries of harsh living conditions for the Welsh mountain pony have provided him with a strong constitution, steel-tough limbs and excellent quick wits, which, combined with the legendary Welsh temperament, make him the ideal pony for children today. They can be seen under saddle and in harness all over the world. both at home, in England, and in cold Canada and Sweden, and in hot Africa and Australia. The head of a mountain pony should be small, with graceful pointed ears, large bulging eyes, and a broad forehead. Ganaches should be clearly defined; the profile can be concave, but never convex or too straight. The neck should be of good length and well set on the shoulders set obliquely; the withers are clearly marked. The feet should be well apart with good flat bones and round, compact hooves. The tail is set high. Movements should be straight, fast and free, and the joints should be actively flexed. Welsh Pony (Section B) Height does not exceed 135 cm. The basic description of a Welsh mountain pony may also apply to a Welsh pony. For generations, these ponies have served the hill farmer as a means of transport to graze sheep and wild ponies in a rugged and mountainous country. They had to be hardy, balanced and sturdy to ensure that only the best individuals were selected for breeding. These qualities, combined with their natural jumping ability and the temperament of their Welsh mountain ancestors, made the Welsh pony ideal for the young rider. Today, closed classes of riding ponies are held in competitions and in show rings. Welsh pony in type Cob (section C) Height does not exceed 135 cm (Wales) and 146 cm (USA). The Welsh pony in the cob type is a stronger copy of the Welsh pony, but with cob blood. An energetic, confident gait and strength make them ideal for many purposes, both for adults and children. Like all Welsh breeds, they are naturally good jumpers and also excellent in harness. in fact, there are very few things they cannot do. Welsh Pony Cob (Section D) Height above 135 cm. Usually the character of the Welsh Cob is the embodiment of strength, endurance and agility. The head is typical for a pony. Intelligent bulging eyes, broad forehead and neat, well-set ears. The body should be deep, strong legs with good joints. The movements should be smooth, free and powerful, the joints should be actively flexed, and the front legs should be extended from the shoulder forward as far forward as possible at all gaits. The Welsh Cob is an excellent hunter and is also well suited to all competitive sports, and has recently enjoyed great success in international driving competitions. These days, the Welsh Cob (and its smaller counterpart, the Welsh Cob Pony) is becoming more and more popular. It is very versatile. equally suitable for riding and harnessing. In addition, he is distinguished by good health, endurance and strength, the ability to live in the open air all year round. He has an energetic pony disposition, which is characterized by activity, kindness, quick wits and efficiency. He is far from being a sissy. For centuries he flourished and worked on small Welsh farms, often in poor conditions. It was the lifestyle that made him what he is now. Welsh half-bred horses. Although the animals in all four sections of the studbook vary in size and constitution, they all show signs of their common ancestor, the Welsh mountain pony. His best heritage is a strong constitution, strong skeleton, courage, activity and balanced temperament, which ensured world fame for these breeds. Therefore, it is not surprising that they are in such great demand for crossing with other breeds, and there is a register of Welsh half-bred horses that must have at least 25% Welsh blood. Large Welsh half-bred horses prove their immense value in most equestrian disciplines. show jumping, dressage and driving. Welsh ponies were not imported by American horse breeders until the 1890s. Brown of Aurora, Illinois became one of the first true American enthusiasts for the Welsh horse, importing large numbers of animals between 1884 and 1910. Mainly thanks to the efforts of him and the likes of John Alexander, the American Society of Welsh Ponies and Cobs was formed (the word “cob” was introduced in 1946), and the certificate of registration of the breed was issued by the US Department of Agriculture on July 30, 1907. Until 1913. there were only 574 registered in America, but the list of owners and breeders contained applications from Vermont, Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia, Texas, Oregon, Iowa, Massachusetts, New York and Canada. Gradually, the popularity of Welsh ponies in the United States expanded, and their enormous versatility is undeniably recognized not only because they adapt well to any geographic area, but also because they can be used for various purposes, both by children and adults. Today, after a long period of neglect and neglect of the breed, the Welsh Cob is making a comeback. He proved to be the perfect horse for driving. With the ability to jump from birth, he is also, thanks to his obedience and good-natured nature, excellent for disabled riders. At exhibitions, Welsh Cob classes always attract a ton of viewers to admire these magnificent creatures, displayed in the hands of experts, showing their conformation and beautiful movements. Welsh mares are also spectacular in harness, and recently they have proven in F. E.I. competition that they can compete on equal terms with horses of other breeds, and often win them. Their innate suitability for high school riding is now being implemented and demonstrated in Austria. They cross especially well with thoroughbreds for hunters, show jumping horses, or with Arabian horses for riding ponies, but more bony and massive than purebred Arabs. At the same time, mares in the koba type are in demand as the basis for the production of Polo. ponies to achieve the agility and flexibility they need in this game. Purebred Welsh ponies can be of any color: black, gray, bay, roan, cream or red. Most often in the breed there are red, bay, dark. bay, karak and black suits. Grays are rare, there are also brown, salty and isabella. Ponies of this breed are never piebald or forelock.
Gotland ponies, or as they are called in Sweden. Russ, have lived in the forested part of the island of Gotland since time immemorial. The history of their origin is full of secrets and mysteries.
Excavations dating back to the Stone Age indicate that ponies lived on the island of Gotland 4-5 thousand years ago, and possibly in an earlier period. It is unknown whether these were horses called Russ; it is also not known how the horses got to the island: perhaps wild horses crossed to the island via a natural bridge about 10 thousand years ago, or maybe they were brought by boats about 4 thousand years ago, when they first began to domesticate and use horses in Scandinavia.
The word Russ, the Swedish name for Gotland ponies, comes from the Old Norse hross, which is consonant with the English horse. The Gotlandians themselves often call their ponies skogsbaggar, which means “little forest horse”. It is believed that the Russ, like horses of other European breeds, are descendants of the Tarpan.
Several ancient sources have found mentions of Gotland ponies, but by all accounts, they were not tamed and lived in semi-wild areas. Excavations in the area a few kilometers from Lojsta Moor, where during the Iron Age (220 BC. 500 AD) the village of Vallhagar was located, indicate that at that time the use of horses for household purposes was commonplace. The oldest document that contains a reference to Russ horses is Skanelagen, a 13th century code of laws that mentions “the wild horses of Gotland”.
By the early 19th century, ponies could be found throughout Gotland, especially in the large forests in the interior of the island. Farmers used them by harnessing them to carts. Large herds of wild ponies lived in the forests, so farmers had the opportunity to replenish the livestock with young individuals at any time. Farmers did not procure feed, and the ponies themselves looked for food. During cold, snowy winters, they often could not get food and were supported by hay collected in haystacks near farms.
In the middle of the 19th century, the situation changed radically: the number of ponies dropped sharply. Many were sold to England, Germany and Belgium, where they were used in mining and other heavy work. On the island of Gotland itself, the lands that were once uninhabited were divided and distributed to farmers for development, many forests were cultivated. Vast forested areas were broken into pieces and could no longer serve as food. In addition, ponies, crossing sown fields, caused a lot of damage to the plantings, and they were treated like pests.
By the beginning of the 20th century, only 150 heads of Gotland ponies remained, but several undoubtedly shrewd people turned their attention to the most primitive Swedish horses. Russ horses were shown at summer shows organized by the Gotland Agricultural Society and pony farms were organized. However, the number of Russ horses continued to decline. The rationing of meat portions and the lack of food during the First World War led to the fact that poachers began to hunt these animals. Gotland ponies are threatened with extinction.
Then the farmers of Herum and Loysta and the Gotland Agricultural Society decided to join forces and save the Gotland ponies. They fenced off an area of 200 acres (this area is still used as winter pasture) and brought in five captured ponies and three ponies donated by a farm that previously bred them, but by this time had ceased to operate. Soon a small herd of Gotland ponies appeared. They became the basis for breeding Gotland ponies in Loyst Moore, in conditions as close as possible to natural conditions. There are about 9,000 Gotland ponies in Sweden today, as well as Denmark, Finland and the United States.
Gotland ponies are obedient and superbly trainable. The pony has a prominent withers, long back and sloping croup, deep chest and long and sloping shoulders. The average height of Gotland ponies at the withers is 112. 130 centimeters. The breed is dominated by mouse and bay colors, but all colors are acceptable with the exception of albinos, roan and piebald. The breed is characterized by a gentle disposition and quick wits. The Gotlands are athletic, which allows them to trot and jump beautifully. Although the Gotlands have enough strength to carry adults, they are generally used for children’s riding.
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