home Article How to make a fish feeder in a pond

How to make a fish feeder in a pond

Symmetrical loop

If there was an official list of popular montages for carp fishing, then the symmetrical loop would consistently be in the top three. This is a popular feeder rig with a self-cutting fish effect. It is usually used in reservoirs where the current is very weak.

Useful for self-assembly:

  • mono line;
  • a pair of swivels with a clasp;
  • sinker;
  • feeder;
  • fluorocarbon line for the leash;
  • hook.

The build process has the following sequence:

  • The main line folds in half, and its ends turn in one direction.
  • This operation (twisting) is repeated ten times, after which a knot is made.
  • The swivel is threaded into the fishing line, and a free space is left twenty centimeters from it.
  • The knot is twisted, then the line is folded again. A second swivel is attached to its other end.
  • At some end of the line, a loop is folded and a leash 50 centimeters long is tied to it.
  • The hook is attached at its tip.

Symmetrical hinge rig

“Symmetrical loop”

The Symmetrical Loop is the third most popular rig. It is usually used in waters with very weak currents.

Fish Pond Feeder Ring

To install this equipment you will need:

  • Mono line for use as main line.
  • Two swivels with clasp.
  • Trough.
  • Weight.
  • Fluorocarbon Leash Line.
  • Hook.

The tying process is as follows:

  • Fold the main line in half and twist its two ends to one side.
  • After ten twists, make a knot.
  • Thread a swivel into the fishing line and retreat twenty centimeters from it.
  • Make a knot and twist the line again, then attach another swivel at the other end of the line.
  • Make a loop at the bottom of the ends of the line and tie a fifty centimeters long leash to it.
  • Attach a hook on the tip of the leash.

Requirements for bait and attachments when using feeders

The main requirements that are usually attributed to baits and baits:

  • The finished bait mixture should be as viscous and viscous as possible. This is necessary so that after immersion in water, it does not begin to dissolve into small particles, but keeps tightly in the feeder.
  • When dissolved in water, complementary foods should form a cloud that attracts fish. This usually comes with experience, and fishermen already know what consistency is necessary to cook complementary foods.
  • Bait and complementary foods should be used depending on what kind of fish you go to catch. For example, for larger species of fish (bream, pike, carp and others), live components should be mixed in complementary foods, and for grass carp and other herbivorous fish. chopped algae and other herbal supplements.

As a bait for fishing on a donk, the following are best suited:

  • Worms.
  • Boiled corn.
  • Pearl barley.

The bait should be selected depending on the following factors:

  • Taste habits and preference for fish.
  • How will complementary foods behave in water and how long will they keep the required smell?

It is best to use as bottom baits:

make, fish, feeder, pond
  • Canned corn (canned).
  • Worms.
  • Pearl barley.
  • Wheat.
  • Boilies.
  • Maggots.

Gardner’s Feeder Rig: Paternoster

This rig is considered the lightest in execution and at the same time very effective.

In order to make the installation of such equipment, you need to take the following materials:

  • Braided line 0.13mm diameter for main line.
  • Mono line for leads with a diameter of 0.20 mm.
  • Feeder “cage” with a fastener.
  • Hook 2 or 15 for catching small fish and or 7 for catching large fish.

The equipment is tied according to the following principle:

Fishing tackle

Tackle for fishing with a feeder includes the following components:

  • Fishing rod.
  • Coil.
  • Fishing line.
  • Trough.
  • Hook.
  • Bite alarm.
  • Stand.
  • Fishing rod. For bottom fishing, a telescopic, durable spinning rod made of fiberglass is best suited. Its test should be more than the total mass of the feeder filled with complementary foods. Usually, a fishing rod with a dough of at least ninety grams and a length of two and a half meters is used.
  • Coil. The spool should be selected with a spool size from 2400 to 3500. The spool must also hold at least ninety meters of line. It is desirable that the reel has a built-in bytrunner.
  • Fishing line. For catching small fish, a mono line with a diameter of 0.17 mm is suitable, and for catching large fish. with a diameter of at least 0.29 mm. Also, you should select a line that is very strong with a small percentage of break.
  • Feeder. The feeder should “hold” the bait well under any currents. Its shape is usually selected depending on the area of ​​the catch. For fishing on lakes, the so-called “checkered” feeders (springs, oval feeders and others) are more suitable. In order for the trough to hold the complementary food well in a very large current, you should use square-shaped troughs.
  • Hook. The hook should only be made of quality material. Also, its number should correspond not only to the bait used, but also to the type of intended catch. For example, hook number ten or twelve will be enough to catch small fish with a worm or grain. To catch larger fish, it is worth picking up hooks of at least number six with a sharp sting.
  • Bite alarm. You can make a bell as a bite alarm, or you can purchase an electronic device. This is already decided by the fisherman himself, depending on his desire and financial situation.
  • Stand. As a stand, you can use a rod-pod or other analogs. The main thing is that the fisherman does not hold the fishing rod in his hands, or, even worse, do not put it on wooden stags, as they will only harm the tackle.

Combine harvester

There are almost no differences in this version of the equipment from the standard carp spring, but there are additional advantages:

  • First, the harvester is easy to make.
  • Secondly, casting can be carried out over long distances.
  • Thirdly, the system is just convenient.
  • The springs are made conical. In the narrowest place, their size should be no more than 2 mm, and in the widest. 4 mm.
  • The total length at the trough is up to five centimeters.
  • The eyelet breaks through on its upper part, the swivel is attached to it.
  • The main line is tied to the swivel.
  • 3-5 leashes are attached to the carabiner, up to 8 centimeters long.
  • Then it adapts to the swivel at the top.
  • Some of the leashes are pulled through the spring.

Equipment “Harvester”

Main types

Usually carp are caught with either float or feeder rods.

For productive fishing, the first are completed as follows:

  • Reel containing 100 meters of line.
  • Mono line 2.5 mm in diameter, which is useful for a leash.
  • Sliding mounting.
  • Lead strands for sinker.
  • Hooks numbered 6, 8 or 10.

The feeder rod requires the following equipment:

  • 2.5m rod must have a sensitive tip and plug connection;
  • Spool containing 0.25 mm line.
  • Leash from 40 to 80 centimeters long.
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Flat method

A very famous mounting option. The appearance of the feeder resembles a balalaika, one part of which is flat. The rig is perfect for fishing in those bodies of water where the bottom is covered with muddy silt or deep algae, because it will not sink into them.

Flat feeders provide good accuracy and casting distance. You can do them yourself.

  • stainless steel wire;
  • metal hairpin;
  • plastic tube;
  • the shape in which the lead base will be cast.
  • A curved wire with a pin is placed in a mold where molten lead is poured.
  • After cooling, the product is pulled out, the hairpin is removed, and a plastic tube is glued instead.

Carp rig “Flat-method”

Mesh product

Metal wire is the perfect solution for DIY fishing troughs. If desired, suitable canvases for work can be found at points of sale of building materials.

How to make a metal mesh fishing feeder? First of all, you need to have a sufficient piece of material, a small piece of lead, and also have scissors on hand.

First, a piece of the desired size is cut out of a section of the mesh. Next, a lead strip is cut, which serves as a crimp for the edges of the pyramidal or cylindrical structure. Finally, a wire attachment is formed to connect the finished product to the fishing line.

For self-production of such a model, you will need the actual plastic container itself, a marker, scissors, a ruler, a soldering iron, sheet lead and flexible wire.

  • The neck and bottom of the bottle are cut off. The resulting cylinder is cut across and unbend.
  • Places of future holes are marked with a marker. It is recommended to arrange them in a checkerboard pattern approximately every 2 cm.
  • The workpiece is folded back into the cylinder with some overlap. The edges are connected with glue or a stapler. Alternatively, the planes can be preheated and connected with a soldering iron.
  • The previously marked holes are made with a hole punch, drilled with a drill or burned with a heated metal rod. To avoid deformation of the material, it is better to perform the procedure in the first two ways.
  • A lead plate is fitted to the shape of the circumference of the edges of the workpiece. A reinforcing ring is formed, the edges of which are tightly squeezed along the entire perimeter of the plastic.
  • If a semi-closed fishing trough is required, wire the sides of the basket.

Feeding process

A home pond of almost any size and design is suitable for breeding crucian carp. Basically, crucians are omnivorous. Even if you don’t feed them, they will not starve to death. In a home pond, they will always find themselves a minimum of food necessary for survival, especially if there is a muddy bottom in the pond, there are many plants and their own ecosystem has already developed.

To increase the mass of crucians, you need to provide:

  • plant feed;
  • animal food.

These two types of feed can be mixed with each other. They are given in the form of porridge or thick dough. They do it at the same time, in a chosen place. Then the fish gets used to it, and it swims up to this place at the right time.

In home ponds, natural feeding or ready-made compound feed is practiced. Each type of feed has its own advantages. The finished compound feed is always balanced and does not require a long preparation, besides, it is quite convenient to store it. You have to tinker with natural feed. But they are cheaper.

For convenience, you can equip a small feeding platform and a pallet table. Food is placed on this device with sides and lowered into the water. Such a feeder does not allow food debris to fall to the bottom and sour there.

  • control the intensity of food consumption by crucians;
  • adjust the portion of feed;
  • observe the process of eating food.

In order not to wait for a long time for the carp at the feeder, you can call them with a bell. The conditioned reflex in fish is developed quickly, and after a week or two, the fish will quickly swim to the feeding site upon a signal.

How to breed fish in the country

It is good if at the dacha there is initially some kind of reservoir (a dammed stream, a reservoir for firefighting needs, a fenced-off fragment of an open drainage). If not, then you can build a mini-reservoir in the country yourself and fish in it. It is known that several dozen crucians and several large carps can live in small artificial ponds with a depth of up to 1.5 m and a water surface of up to 25 m2.

Thus, even for the most unpretentious fish, for crucian carp or carp, some kind of basin with water, natural or man-made, is needed. There are two different opinions on this matter. Some believe that building a small artificial reservoir at their dacha is a matter of technology: they simply dug the required foundation pit and filled it with water.

To some extent, both the first and the second are right. The matter, indeed, is not very easy, but you can create a mini-reservoir yourself. At the same time, you need to know how to correctly build this hydraulic structure.

You need to start by choosing a place. The surface of the pond can be exposed to the sun for no more than six hours a day. When the sun’s rays are bored in the water, the reproduction of algae and bacteria will accelerate, as a result, the mini-lake will lose its beauty and will be unsuitable for fish habitation. It is better if the water mirror will be in the shade for most of the daytime.

Tall trees growing next to it can also be a hindrance. Parts of the crown falling from them will clog the water, and the root system can destroy the banks of the pond. It is better to make the coastline oval, round or winding. The created water storage usually has an upper horizon slightly below the surface of the garden / suburban area or, in rare cases, walls raised above the ground.

An inclined exit to the water is more convenient for fish farming and work with aquatic plants. When determining the depth of the structure to be erected, it should be borne in mind that to create a normal habitat for carp and crucian carp, a depth of 1 m is sufficient. Shallow areas with a depth of 0.3-0.5 m will not interfere either. Water will warm well in these areas. If wintering of crucians is planned on site, then it will be necessary to prepare wintering pits.

Perhaps the cheapest and simplest in their configuration and arrangement are storage facilities made of film or clay. But they are demanding for skillful operation and quickly fail due to maintenance oversights. Capital ponds on a concrete base have good waterproofing, are convenient and reliable. They do not need careful maintenance, they do not drain water and prevent the coastline from collapsing.

It is recommended to make the steps 20-30 cm wide, the first step is arranged at a depth of 20-30 cm from the surface. Plants are placed on these terrace steps. The steps are also used to descend into the reservoir basin during cleaning or repair work. There is no need to make such steps along the entire perimeter of the basin, but it is advisable to lay plant soil and coarse river sand on them.

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So that it does not crumble down, a detaining side is usually arranged along the edge of the step. After the construction of the reservoir basin, the banks-slopes are reinforced with laying of concrete tiles and decorated with boulders of different sizes. You can cover the beach with coconut or synthetic mats before splashing. These mats quickly become covered with algae and perfectly cover the shoreline. And the coastline with river pebbles will look like a real, natural lake.

In order to fill the finished basin with water, during the reinforcement of its “body”, a pipe is mounted, which will be connected to a water supply system or to a water pump. Also, the water supply can be organized in the form of an inflowing stream or a miniature waterfall. Living flowing water transforms an artificial reservoir into a natural one.

It is recommended to drain water from the basin into the nearest drains, if any, by installing an appropriate outlet pipe. If there are no drains, a system of bilge pumps is provided. A water storage facility located in a dacha located in a lowland and having a high level of groundwater will be automatically replenished with soil water and moisture from atmospheric precipitation. In addition, rainwater collected from the roof of buildings can be used for this purpose.

If the water in the garden is too soft, it is recommended to place pieces of natural limestone or marble chips in the pond. This is done in order to create comfortable conditions for aquatic inhabitants. So the pond is ready.

It is recommended to start breeding crucian carp and carp by launching a certain number of juveniles that were born in the current year into the reservoir. Since the appropriate feeding is provided, the launched amount is determined at the rate of 3-4 individuals per 1 m2 of the pond surface. Experts, for whom fish farming did not start yesterday, advise to launch silver carp into the water.

In the wild, crucian carp feeds on duckweed, algae, worms, plankton and other bottom living creatures. Carp are satisfied with insect larvae, plant food. The recently built garden pond does not yet have the necessary flora and fauna, so the fish need to be fed.

Feeding fish such as carp and crucian carp is not a problem. They eat everything. You can feed them with worms, insect larvae, steamed grain of legumes and cereals. But this food is more suitable for adults. For fry, special foods are more acceptable, such as daphnia, bloodworms, oligochaetes.

But it is quite possible to use standard compound feed. Only add it to the water in the consistency of a thick dough, kneading it in a bucket or basin. It is advisable to feed the fry 2-3 times a day, but not less than once every seven days. Young carp are sometimes fed with grain and cake. The grown up aquatic population is fed 1-2 times a day, at the time set for this. The single volume of the launched feed is small: it is 3-5% of the mass of the fish launched into the water.

It is better to organize the supply of fish food in a small pond from a special table-tray with sides along the edges. Such a table is easy to make from galvanized iron. It is convenient to both lower and raise when feeding. Such a device is needed in order to be able to control whether food is eaten and in what quantity.

Based on the observations, adjustments can be made to the feed volume so that both the fish are fed and the pond is not contaminated with food debris. The feed intake is constantly monitored using the feed tray. If you find large residues of feed in the tray, reduce the feed. In spring, when the fish are just waking up, they need more food than in summer.

During the hot season, the fish eat less. The food in the pond is enough for her. When the water in the water area becomes colder than 10 degrees, it no longer makes sense to feed the fish, it falls asleep. In summer, fish in the reservoir can be fed with cake, leftover porridge and loaf. Carps willingly eat worms that can be dug up at their summer cottage.

Carp collects worms at the bottom. There is also a rather interesting, exotic way of feeding fish in a pond: garlands of lamps are hung above its surface, which are turned on at night. Moshkara flies to the light of garlands, falls into the water and is eaten by fish. Achieved in such cases a triple effect: reducing the number of midges and mosquitoes, feeding fish, decorative lighting of the site.

Fish farming should be accompanied by regular monitoring of water temperature, water quality, feed intake and algae condition. The optimum water temperature for normal fish growth is 24 to 32 ° C.

How to increase the feed base of the pond

A fairly common method among private fish farmers FORUMHOUSE that allows them to receive additional food for fish is the attraction of insects by lamps. In this case, fluorescent lamps are used, which do not need protection from rain, which are installed above the water, at a distance of 25-30 cm from the surface of the pond.

Insect years reach a peak of activity at 22-23 hours (provided that the air temperature is 15 degrees and above). The lamp is usually turned on for 5-6 hours. One lamp is placed per hectare of pond, and if all these conditions are met, about 100 grams of insects are attracted per square meter of pond area. The feeding coefficient of insects is on average 7 (i.e. 7 kg of insects are required per kilogram of fish growth). For comparison, the feed ratio of wheat is 4).

Other measures to increase the fish production of the pond:

  • – loosening of bottom sediments, which causes the intensive development of planktonic organisms and helps fish get to the inhabitants of the pond, which hide, burrowing deep into the bottom. The bottom is loosened with a special rake with large metal teeth (25 cm long). If this technology is applied correctly and on time, it will increase the productivity of the pond by 20%.
  • – If the fish is grown only during the summer, without wintering, in winter, humus is applied to the bed of the drainage pond, free from water, 2-3 tons per hectare.
make, fish, feeder, pond

A fairly common method among private fish farmers FORUMHOUSE that allows them to receive additional food for fish is the attraction of insects by lamps. In this case, fluorescent lamps are used, which do not need protection from rain, which are installed above the water, at a distance of 25-30 cm from the surface of the pond.

Curler feeder

You can make an effective tackle from regular plastic hair curlers. Thanks to the variety of ready-made, available options, such a do-it-yourself fishing feeder can be made in any color and shape. To change the size of the product, it is enough to make a minimum of effort. It is convenient to work with pliers and wire cutters.

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Choosing a suitable basis for the manufacture of the desired design, you should not give preference to curlers made of unreliable material, as well as options with a pronounced, repulsive odor.

To make the product heavier and stronger, as in the previous cases, the edges are crimped with a piece of lead plate.

The ideal option for catching bottom fish (carp, carp, catfish, bream), which prefer to seek food in the ground, would be the model known as the “teat”. Such a fishing trough can be easily made from a cork from a drinking water tank. To complete the work, you only need a plastic base, a piece of lead, a winding ring, and a hole punch in the form of a nail or awl.

First, a flat sinker is placed on the bottom of the plug, which can be made from sheet metal. To fix the weighting agent, it is enough to make through holes in the product, where a strong flexible wire is inserted and twisted inside. Using any suitable hole punch, openings for the wire ring, leashes and hooks are prepared on the walls of the cork.

Tetra

Making a feeder, choosing a place and time for feeding, attracting flying insects and other subtleties.

The place for feeding fish is chosen in the coastal zone, at a depth of 60-80 cm.It is considered ideal for a fish dining room to have a sloping section of the coast, with a depth difference from 30 cm to a meter, because it constantly self-cleans from food residues and fish excrement due to daily circulation pond water.

Tetra

  • Tetra Pond Sticks (universal floating stick feed);
  • Tetra Pond Sticks Mini (food for small fish, suitable for fry);
  • Tetra Pond Color Sticks
  • Tetra Goldfish (flakes and sticks for goldfish and other crucians);
  • TetraPond Holiday (for feeding pond fish while on holiday);

Nutritious food suitable for all types of cold water fish, including crucian carp.

Goldfish food from this company is well suited for organizing the proper nutrition of crucian carp in a garden pond. Such feeds are suitable for crucians as:

  • JBL NovoRed (universal flake feed);
  • JBL NovoPearl (universal feed based on wheat germ);
  • JBL NovoRed refill (universal feed in special packaging).

The price of a jar with a volume of 100 ml. from 110 rubles.

DIY fish pond technology

DIY fish pond technology

Unusual fish pond at their summer cottage

So, if you finally decided to create a fish pond with your own hands, then the information provided below will be useful to you.

To begin with, we choose a suitable place in the garden: it should be accessible to sunlight, but at the same time, it should not be exposed to constant light during the day. overheating will harm the fish.

Next, we determine the dimensions of the fish pond, based on the type and number of its future inhabitants.

Another important point. you must immediately decide whether the fish will overwinter in the pond, or it will have to be caught and placed in an aquarium in a residential building. The future depth of the pond depends on this factor.

It is also necessary to decide on the materials for strengthening the bottom of the pond. Modern building materials such as geogrid, PVC foil or butyl rubber foil can be used. A cheaper option is to fill the bottom with gravel.

Application of PVC film for fish pond

After that, we decide on the flora of the pond, which should not only decorate the territory, but also correspond to the type of fish and in no case harm them.

Having decided on all the nuances, we proceed to creating a fish pond with our own hands.

How to Build a Pond Fish Feeder

We have chosen a small koi (Japanese carp) pond as an example. To do this, we need to dig a pond with a volume of at least 10 m 3. For the winter, the fish will be placed in an aquarium, so the depth of the pond is 1.5 meters, and the pond itself does not need to be equipped with a special water heater.

Japanese carps are not too picky about their habitat and are suitable for the climate of Ukraine, so there will be no problems with maintaining their life.

So, the foundation pit was dug under the pond, now it is necessary to strengthen and at the same time decorate the bottom. To do this, we use gravel, from which we pour a small pillow at the bottom of the pond. The bank of the pond can be fortified with medium-sized natural stone.

After that, we additionally decorate the pond with suitable moisture-loving plants, small architectural forms, bring a garden path to it and set up a small bench so that you can relax next to the pond. It would also be a good option to build a garden bridge over the pond with your own hands, this will allow you to watch the fish from above and make a walk in the garden more fun.

When the pond is fully created, it is recommended to leave it without fish for one season in order to create an ecological balance and establish an optimal habitat for fish.

With the arrival of spring, we launch the fish into the pond and enjoy the “living pond” created by our own hands.

After that, you just need to monitor the cleanliness of the pond and feed the fish (daily feeding of fish should be 3% of their weight!).

The purpose of the fish pond

The fish pond is ideal for those owners who prefer to relax in their own piece of wildlife instead of relaxing in a high-tech garden. A fish pond is not difficult to make with your own hands, it will fit well into a natural-style garden in combination with birdhouses, bird drinkers, a squirrel house and other buildings for animals that will make the garden a habitat for various birds and animals.

To create a pond for fish does not require high financial investments, the work of special equipment and specialists, all you need to do is dig a pit, decorate it, fill it with water and place fish suitable for this region.

Today, many summer residents prefer fish ponds, instead of the usual decorative ponds, fountains and artificial reservoirs, because the awareness that living beings live in your garden allows you to relax more unusually and calmly, watching them swim.

Fish living in the pond

If you do not know which fish can be launched into the created pond, then it is best to solve this problem in the following 2 ways:

As you can imagine, the second option is more suitable and rational, therefore it is necessary to use it.

Among the most popular fish that can live in our region, there are:

  • Carp
  • Bream
  • Perch
  • Carp
  • Roach
  • Ruff
  • Gudgeon
  • Minnow
  • Rudd
  • Loach

You can also launch ornamental fish that have a more attractive color and shape: Japanese koi carp, goldfish, bleak, pike, etc.

That’s all I wanted to tell you about how to make a fish pond with your own hands. As you can see, there is nothing difficult, the main thing is to have a desire and some free time.!

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