home Aquarium How to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands

How to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands

From clay

When the desired shape is formed, the mainsail must be dried. The process takes from 3 days to a week. If the product is damp, it will crack during firing. When working at home, an oven is used for firing, which gradually heats up to about 250 degrees. You should not rush in such a situation. Firing time. up to 6 hours.

Cooling the mainsail quickly is also not recommended. First, it must cool in the oven, after which it is removed, rinsed with water and placed in the aquarium.

Mainsail for an aquarium: selection and manufacturing methods

The aquarium grotto is not only a decorative element, but also serves as a shelter for fish. To create a unique design, you can do it yourself. Both special materials and improvised means will come to the rescue, for example: shells, polystyrene or clay.

From pebbles

Pebbles are much finer than ordinary stones. Therefore, working with it can be disassembled step by step:

  • flatter stones are selected first;
  • then a template for the future grotto is made from cardboard;
  • the dome is done in the center.

Made of wood

When choosing wood, you need to pay attention so that it is not resinous. You should not place bark in the aquarium, you should also process the outside and smooth out sharp edges. The caves are drilled out, and their edges can be processed with a blowtorch. The mainsail made of wood must be fixed.

Of stone

Aquarists often decide to make a shelter from fairly large flat stones. Some of them can be fixed with silicone sealant if the fish are overly active and tend to displace elements. It is best to use good quality plastic, colorless glue.

Regardless of whether the grotto is glued or not, the stones should not fall apart initially. The contact area of ​​the surface affects the quality of the seams. Elements should be degreased using a solvent. It should also be borne in mind that volatile compounds will be released at first. To get rid of them, it is necessary to place the structure for 3-4 days in replaceable water.

When it comes to soft stones, they make excellent monolithic grottoes. However, the process of making such products is laborious work. But an important advantage in this case is strength.

Limestone is fairly easy to work with. It does not cause difficulties in processing, however, without it, it can greatly increase the acidity level of the water, therefore, it requires washing and soaking. It should not be used with soft liquid.

Sandstone also affects water by increasing its hardness. In addition, it encourages more vigorous plant growth. Shell rock is able to regulate acidity and prevent excessive acidification.

As for lava, they are not able to change anything in the composition of the liquid. However, it has a rather high cost. And in order to prevent the release of substances, live plants and algae should be planted nearby.

From coconut

The coconut grotto is a natural product that does not emit toxins and does not adversely affect the water. The main condition is that the coconut must be ripe, but not stale.

To begin with, the coconut is opened, milk is poured out of it. After that, the back region is sawed off and the pulp is removed. The shell is boiled 2-3 times for half an hour with the obligatory draining of water and rinsing.

If there is still pulp inside, remove it with a stiff brush. After that, the necessary holes are cut out, and the accessory itself is soaked in replaceable water until it stops staining it.

Requirements for materials

There are a lot of materials from which grottoes can be made. It can be glass and wood, or, for example, ordinary clay. If it was decided to create an accessory on its own, the owner of the aquarium must first of all take care that the materials meet all safety requirements. If left unchecked, the decoration can negatively affect the composition of the water, as well as the health and life of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

It is necessary to check that there is not too much iron in the composition. An overabundance of it will lead to an increase in the number of unfavorable algae, respectively, the aquarium will have to be cleaned much more often, as well as filtered.

As for the stones themselves, they should not contain lime, otherwise the water will change the acidity and hardness, and some of the inhabitants of the aquarium and living plants will simply die. In addition, stones cannot be taken from industrial quarries and any enterprises.

If the mainsail is self-made, the aquarist will need glue. In this case, experts advise focusing on such an option as silicone sealant: it is the most harmless.

As for the finished structural elements, you need to make them as smooth as possible. Active and nimble fish can get injured on sharp corners. Also, do not use wood that is capable of emitting tar. It is not recommended to use, for example, oak components. Better to choose something more secure.

make, grotto, aquarium, hands

Finished goods

Various decorations are chosen: in shape, size, colors. When choosing, you need to take into account that a small grotto will get lost in a large aquarium, so the value should be appropriate. Most of the offerings from specialized outlets include clay options that have many virtues.

However, we must not forget about the forms. There are several of the most popular among consumers. Among them are the main ship, the main castle, the main rock and the main skull.

A ship-shaped grotto is often seen among aquarists. Usually it looks like a sunken pirate ship, broken into several parts. Most often, there are many compartments where the fish can take refuge. In addition, it is in it that you can hide the atomizer from the air compressor, which often negatively affects the appearance of the composition.

The grotto in the form of an underwater castle looks just fabulous. It seems that a real sea kingdom is located in the aquarium.

The grotto rock is intended for those who love naturalness. Aquarists often have live plants next to it, and the grotto looks like part of the natural landscape.

And, finally, fans of unusual and mysterious decor will love the skull-shaped grottoes. Some people prefer to throw a few coins on the bottom, previously coated with a waterproof varnish. They will help create a brighter entourage and decorate the composition.

How to make a grotto with your own hands

You can build an aquarium grotto with your own hands from stones, wood, glass and other various materials. However, the main thing that an aquarist should know when making self-production is that only natural and safe materials can be used. Otherwise, representatives of fauna and flora will be under the threat of poisoning. If stones are used to create a shelter, then they must meet the following requirements:

  • It is unacceptable to use stones that contain lime. the substance increases the acidity and hardness of the aquatic environment, or iron.
  • The use of stones found in the area of ​​industrial quarries is not recommended.
READ  What Fish Has No Scales

You may need glue to create a grotto from stones and other materials. In this case, the use of only aquarium silicone is allowed, which has established itself as a reliable and safe adhesive mixture. The following requirements are imposed on decorations made by the aquarist at home:

  • The mainsail for the aquarium should not have sharp corners so that the pets do not injure the body or fins.
  • When using wood for construction, it is important to take those species that do not emit hazardous substances into the aquatic environment.

Having picked up the right materials and making sure of safety, you can start making.

We build a grotto in an aquarium from stones, clay, wood

For the aquarium fish lover, the most important principle is a comfortable and safe life for pets. Those who are seriously interested in the issues of a comfortable settlement and the well-being of a water nursery are constantly interested in the beauty, cleanliness and safety of a home reservoir. Each fish, shrimp, snail needs its own shelter, where it can protect itself from prying eyes or aggressive behavior of housemates.

The grottoes are perfect as decorations for any aquarium.

A kind of shelter for fish is easy to do with your own hands, having previously selected suitable starting materials. Eliminate construction adhesives, paints, plastics, glass and sealants. Firstly, they are harmful, and secondly, if improperly processed, they can injure a pet. How to make a grotto for an aquarium, as well as examples of grottoes made of stones and other useful materials are given below.

Made of wood

A wooden shelter is easy to create: a hole is cut into a piece of wood of the desired size. Then the edges of the entrance are sanded to avoid injuries to the fish, and burning with a blowtorch will help prevent rotting processes. You should choose those types of wood that do not emit harmful substances into the water.

A wooden mainsail for an aquarium requires additional fixation, so aquarists fix the decoration with special cement or glue it to the bottom of the tank.

Glass bottle

A mainsail made from a glass bottle is a good and budget option for decorating an aquarium. The volume of the container is selected depending on the size of the fish. First, the vessel must be washed well in hot water and the neck or bottom must be cut to size. For this purpose, moisten a coarse thread in gasoline, wrap it tightly around the bottle in the right place and set it on fire. When the thread burns out, it is necessary to lower the vessel into a container with melt water. It will break off at the intended place. Finally, you need to grind sharp edges with a small file.

To enhance the look of your homemade shelter, you can cover the surface of the bottle with aquarium glue and roll it in the pebbles. Then you need to wait for the sealant to dry and, if desired, glue the decor elements. Before placing in the aquarium, the structure must be kept in replaceable water for 4 days.

Aquarium grotto: how to do it yourself

How to make a grotto out of stone

A grotto for an aquarium of stones can be easily made with your own hands, for this you will need:

  • Steamed sea or river stones (pebbles) of the same size;
  • Silicone aquarium sealant glue with gun;
  • Stone stand.

Place the first layer of stones on the stand in the desired shape so that it looks like a horseshoe. Apply sealant to each layer of stones in such an amount that the stones are well attached to each other. Avoid Leakage of Glue from Holes.

Watch a short video on how to make a stone grotto.

To make the outlines of the exit from the grotto, it is necessary to take any cone-shaped package or roll, and place it in the center of the structure. Let it stay there until the outline of the shelter appears. Some aquarists recommend putting crumpled paper in the roof to build a roof, but this is not always a convenient solution. It is easier to lay out the pebbles layer by layer, attaching it with glue.

After the seams have dried, the mainsail should be placed in water for several days, changing it daily. This is necessary to flush out harmful compounds from stones and glue. After the entire procedure, the cave can be launched into the aquarium. You will get a beautiful, massive and mysterious grotto, where your fish will live with pleasure.

Of stones

Stones are a simple material for making a fish shelter. There are two ways to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands from stones:

  • To create, you need flat, smooth stones, such as pebbles and aquarium silicone. The stones are glued to each other, creating a hemisphere. You should not carefully adjust the stones. negligence will give the scenery a natural look. It is important to note that this method has disadvantages, since the shelter will have to be built directly in the tank, and the bottom of the structure should be glued to the glass of the tank.
  • The second method is more laborious, but does not require the use of glue. To build a large grotto, you need a large stone, in which a hole is made with the help of a drill. an entrance for fish. Place a homemade shelter on the ground in the aquarium.

Before use, stones should be washed and boiled.

Stone decorative structures

The easiest option is to create a small grotto with small pebbles, and a flat river pebble is suitable for this.

You can make a frameless shallow grotto, sequentially gluing stones to each other in such a way that gradually, row by row, bring out a small hemisphere with an open entrance. And even if the shape of the fish shelter is not correct, it will even emphasize its naturalness.

  • stones should not have sharp edges,
  • the construction of the structure should be carried out directly in the aquarium, before filling it with water.

Grotto, rock, cave with your own hands for the aquarium of the terrarium

The result is a natural, functional and fish-safe detail of the overall decor, the only drawback of which is the need to glue the very first row of stones directly to the bottom glass of the aquarium.

There is another way. a very laborious one. A stone of the appropriate size is selected, in which a small cave for fish is gradually drilled using drills of various diameters. The work is dusty, noisy and difficult, but such a grotto has its advantages.

  • First, there is no need to use glue and paint.
  • Secondly, such a solid “cave” can be installed anywhere.

You should not, however, put the cobblestone on the glass; it is better to carefully lay it on the ground to evenly distribute the load.

Glass as an ornamental material

An ordinary glass bottle can make a great aquarium cave. Depending on the size of the pets, a bottle of the appropriate capacity is selected: 0.5 or 0.33 ml. It must be thoroughly rinsed in hot water.

READ  How many lumens does it take to light an aquarium

Now you need to cut the bottle to the desired size.

  • To do this, a harsh thread is moistened in gasoline, tightly wrapped around the bottle in the right place and set on fire.
  • Immediately after the thread has burned out, we lower the bottle into a container with very cold water.
  • It breaks off exactly where the thread was tied.
  • Sharp edges should now be rounded off with a fine file.

In principle, the structure is ready, but if you decorate it, it will take on an original look. This can be done with aquarium silicone and coarse river sand. The outer surfaces of the glass grotto are coated with silicone, and sand is evenly poured on top.

Rolled fine gravel can also be used as a substrate for the outer shell. The product must be allowed to dry for a day, and then it should be laid on the bottom of the aquarium, sprinkled with soil from the sides. Fish will surely love such an interesting and safe shelter.!

make, grotto, aquarium, hands

DIY aquarium grotto

Without decorations, the aquarium looks empty, devoid of attractiveness. Such aqua design (or rather its absence) does not cause much interest. It is desirable that furnishing elements bear not only an aesthetic load, but also be functional. One of these elements can be a grotto made by yourself.

Required material requirements

Cozy fish shelter can be made from a variety of materials: glass, stones, plastic, ceramics, wood.

If a decision is made to make the decoration independently, then a number of necessary conditions should be fulfilled, the first of which is the principle of “do no harm”. This means that the “building material” should not be aggressive towards the aquatic aquarium environment and its inhabitants.

  • For example, stones should not contain lime, which increases the acidity and hardness of the water.
  • You should not use material with increased m of iron, the excess of which provokes the growth of green algae.
  • It is also not recommended to take stones for the aquarium from the areas of industrial quarries and enterprises.

Homemade decorative design is unthinkable without gluing materials.

  • Decor elements should not contribute to injury to ornamental fish. The use of materials with sharp edges and corners is not allowed.
  • The wooden parts of the structure should also be treated with care and attention. Some wood species can release unwanted substances into the water. This applies to tree species with an increased m of resin.

After the necessary requirements have been identified, you can proceed to consider examples of making grottoes with your own hands.

Why do you need a grotto at all?

In principle, each owner decides for himself what the landscape of his aquarium should be. However, the grotto is appropriate if the water house contains restless fish chasing each other. In this case, he plays the role of a shelter from aggressive neighbors in the “house”. In addition, this beautiful decorative element adorns the aquarium landscape, it is widely used in some areas of aquascape.

Mainsail made of wood

The simplest option is a stump, in which holes are drilled in such a size and location as it is necessary according to its own design. Naturally, a stump or stump is selected without signs of rotting or decomposition, it is cleaned of bark.

Holes and all other necessary places are sanded to avoid injury to fish. To prevent rotting in the aquarium water, the piece of wood should be burned with a blowtorch or on a gas torch. Read more about how to process wood in this article.

For such a natural grotto, a base is needed, which is sprinkled with soil in the aquarium. By the way, you can glue the piece of wood directly to the bottom of the “jar”. As a result of the work done, a grotto is obtained, combined with a snag, and such a natural element of the landscape looks quite organic.

Clay grottoes

Each of us in childhood sculpted from plasticine. Now you can make a grotto yourself, but instead of plasticine, you need to use red clay. From it you can make a grotto of such a shape as your imagination suggests.

True, the modeling itself is a small part of the work. First, the workpiece is dried for 3-5 days in the sun. In a city apartment, home craftsmen dry clay products much faster. in a microwave oven. What is it for?

The main thing is that all the water comes out of the clay, otherwise the product will quickly break.

Then firing is required. If you can find a production hall with a muffle furnace nearby, then the problem is solved. If there is no such oven, then firing can be carried out in an ordinary oven heated to 220 degrees. The firing time is 1 hour; it is recommended to keep the oven door ajar. There is such a feature: if, after an hour, the oven is turned off immediately, it will quickly cool down, and the clay will become brittle. That is why the firing temperature should be reduced gradually, gradually, over 15–20 minutes. After cooling down, the homemade grotto is ready for use as intended.

Not all options for grottoes that can be made by hand have been considered. Indeed, the ingenuity of home craftsmen has no limit, but the main condition. environmental safety. always remains unchanged.!

how to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands:

Do-it-yourself grottoes for an aquarium. preparing a shelter

Made of wood

A wooden shelter is easy to create: a hole is cut into a piece of wood of the desired size. Then the edges of the entrance are sanded to avoid injuries to the fish, and burning with a blowtorch will help prevent rotting processes. You should choose those types of wood that do not emit harmful substances into the water.

A wooden mainsail for an aquarium requires additional fixation, so aquarists fix the decoration with special cement or glue it to the bottom of the tank.

How to make a grotto with your own hands

You can build an aquarium grotto with your own hands from stones, wood, glass and other various materials. However, the main thing that an aquarist should know when making self-production is that only natural and safe materials can be used. Otherwise, representatives of fauna and flora will be under the threat of poisoning. If stones are used to create a shelter, then they must meet the following requirements:

  • It is unacceptable to use stones that contain lime. the substance increases the acidity and hardness of the aquatic environment, or iron.
  • The use of stones found in the area of ​​industrial quarries is not recommended.

You may need glue to create a grotto from stones and other materials. In this case, the use of only aquarium silicone is allowed, which has established itself as a reliable and safe adhesive mixture. The following requirements are imposed on decorations made by the aquarist at home:

  • The mainsail for the aquarium should not have sharp corners so that the pets do not injure the body or fins.
  • When using wood for construction, it is important to take those species that do not emit hazardous substances into the aquatic environment.

Having picked up the right materials and making sure of safety, you can start making.

From clay

Clay modeling is an exciting hobby that can bring not only pleasure, but also benefit to aquarium inhabitants. Crafting requires red clay, from which you can build a ship, a cave, and other various figures. How to make clay shelters:

  • A shelter of the required shape is molded from a piece of red clay: a ship, a cave or a tunnel.
  • The prepared decoration is left to dry in the sun for 3-5 days.
  • The product is fired in a special oven. If it is not available, you can burn the decoration in an oven at 220C for an hour. In this case, it is recommended to keep the door ajar, and after the end of the firing, reduce the temperature gradually. If you get the product right away, the clay will be brittle and break.
READ  What should be a red-eared turtle aquarium

Why do you need a grotto in an aquarium

In aquariums, grottoes are part of the design of the underwater space, and an important element that guarantees a calm and serene life for the fish. If the aquarium contains different types of fish, then mobile phenotypes can bother slow and phlegmatic pets, and the latter need a refuge. a cave where the fish will hide.

  • The ability to create a piece of jewelry that the owner will be sure of.
  • Artificial grottoes designed by the aquarist meet the personal requirements and preferences of the owner.

Of stones

Stones are a simple material for making a fish shelter. There are two ways to make a grotto for an aquarium with your own hands from stones:

  • To create, you need flat, smooth stones, such as pebbles and aquarium silicone. The stones are glued to each other, creating a hemisphere. You should not carefully adjust the stones. negligence will give the scenery a natural look. It is important to note that this method has disadvantages, since the shelter will have to be built directly in the tank, and the bottom of the structure should be glued to the glass of the tank.
  • The second method is more laborious, but does not require the use of glue. To build a large grotto, you need a large stone, in which a hole is made with the help of a drill. an entrance for fish. Place a homemade shelter on the ground in the aquarium.

Before use, stones should be washed and boiled.

From coconut

Coconut is popular with hobbyists for making homemade shelters because it is considered a natural and safe material. How to make a coconut aquarium grotto:

  • A fresh nut is cut into two parts. one should be slightly larger than the second.
  • The inside of the nut is cleaned of pulp. If the decoration is created for a miniature tank, then the hairs from the coconut are also removed.
  • Holes are made in the peeled half of the coconut. entrances for fish, or one large semicircular entrance is cut out.
  • The finished decoration is boiled for 5-10 minutes, cooled and placed on the bottom.

An aquarium grotto is a great opportunity to provide fish with a cozy refuge and to decorate the water area. Having made the decoration yourself, you can be sure of the safety of materials, and get an original and unusual decoration.

We build a grotto in an aquarium from stones, clay, wood

For the aquarium fish lover, the most important principle is a comfortable and safe life for pets. Those who are seriously interested in the issues of a comfortable settlement and the well-being of a water nursery are constantly interested in the beauty, cleanliness and safety of a home reservoir. Each fish, shrimp, snail needs its own shelter, where it can protect itself from prying eyes or aggressive behavior of housemates.

The grottoes are perfect as decorations for any aquarium.

A kind of shelter for fish is easy to do with your own hands, having previously selected suitable starting materials. Eliminate construction adhesives, paints, plastics, glass and sealants. Firstly, they are harmful, and secondly, if improperly processed, they can injure a pet. How to make a grotto for an aquarium, as well as examples of grottoes made of stones and other useful materials are given below.

Clay grotto

Clay is a natural eco-material from which useful things are made with their own hands. Some use clay pots and process them with boiling water, placing them in an aquarium, others sculpt structures on their own.

If you buy clay, let it be of high quality and without dyes (blue, yellow, black, red clay will not work). You can tinker with a structure of any size and any shape, the main thing is that the opening for the entrance corresponds to the size of the fish. After molding, the clay is fired at a high temperature in an oven or oven. You need to be a good craftsman so that the material does not fall apart after making.

How to make a grotto out of stone

A grotto for an aquarium of stones can be easily made with your own hands, for this you will need:

  • Steamed sea or river stones (pebbles) of the same size;
  • Silicone aquarium sealant glue with gun;
  • Stone stand.

Grottoes for the aquarium with their hands for a minute.

Place the first layer of stones on the stand in the desired shape so that it looks like a horseshoe. Apply sealant to each layer of stones in such an amount that the stones are well attached to each other. Avoid Leakage of Glue from Holes.

Watch a short video on how to make a stone grotto.

To make the outlines of the exit from the grotto, it is necessary to take any cone-shaped package or roll, and place it in the center of the structure. Let it stay there until the outline of the shelter appears. Some aquarists recommend putting crumpled paper in the roof to build a roof, but this is not always a convenient solution. It is easier to lay out the pebbles layer by layer, attaching it with glue.

After the seams have dried, the mainsail should be placed in water for several days, changing it daily. This is necessary to flush out harmful compounds from stones and glue. After the entire procedure, the cave can be launched into the aquarium. You will get a beautiful, massive and mysterious grotto, where your fish will live with pleasure.

How to make a grotto out of wood

You can also make a grotto made of wood with your own hands. The procedure for processing the material will take much longer, but its appearance and benefits are worth it. Do not use wood species that stains the water (e.g. oak) or rotten driftwood.

Using the tools at hand (hacksaw, saw, drill) make the required number of holes in the tree. All holes with channels must be burned with fire so that in the future the wood does not begin to rot. Sand the surface of the material to remove any scuffs and splinters. Place the tree for several days in a separate tank of water to process. The wood softens the water, the fish in such a grotto will be very comfortable.

be careful!

Some fish lovers prefer to bring corals from resorts and place them immediately in the aquarium with the fish. This decision is not always correct, since untreated corals can injure fish, and microorganisms that have settled in their channels can become source of disease.

Cement and concrete have a strong alkaline reaction. with acidic water with a pH of 7.0 and below, structures made of these materials are acceptable. However, in neutral and alkaline water, the cement will spoil the water and make it unusable for fish. In addition, it is quite difficult to make high-quality grottoes with your own hands from such durable materials. Simple and proven materials keep your fish alive and healthy.

FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021