home Article How to make a terrarium for the Achatina snail

How to make a terrarium for the Achatina snail

Ventilation

So you’ve found the perfect terrarium and brought it home. Now the house for the Achatina snail needs to be finalized.

Our task is to create the right ventilation in the terrarium.

To do this, holes must be made in the lid. The holes should not be large to prevent excessive evaporation of moisture. The easiest way to make such holes is with an ordinary awl. Heat the awl over a gas stove or burner and make holes about 3 mm in diameter. For a 15-liter terrarium, 15-20 such holes are enough. If the holes are larger, the number of them is correspondingly smaller.

After cutting the holes, the sharp edges of the plastic must be sanded.

To ensure air circulation, it also makes sense to make 2-4 holes in the side walls of the container. 2. on one side and 2 more. on the opposite (this is the minus of the glass box. it is not so easy to make ventilation holes in the glass).

If there are too many holes, they can be closed on top with any dense fabric, which at the same time will create a shadow in one of the corners of the house. The snail does not need too much air, therefore, to maintain soil moisture inside the house, it is important not to overdo it with the number and size of holes.

Perhaps for today this is all that I wanted to tell. As you can see, choosing a house and preparing it for the settlement of the Achatina snail is quite easy, but you need to observe the nuances.

In this article I will write about such unusual pets as the Achatina snail. You will receive all the necessary information on the maintenance of such snails, find out what kind of terrarium she needs and what conditions need to be maintained in it, as well as learn how to feed the Achatina snail.

Recently, the demand for large snails has increased dramatically and more and more such a pet can be seen at home. And this is not surprising at all. Achatina is a very unpretentious and interesting animal that even a child can handle. By the way, I strongly advise you to take Achatina as the first pet for a small child. The child will develop a love for pets and a sense of responsibility. In addition, children really like to feed such an animal.

For adults, such a snail will also be interesting. You just need to start it and you will not regret it. The mucus of this snail accelerates tissue regeneration several times and has a very good cosmetic effect. No wonder one expensive French cream contains the mucus of this snail.

They grow quite large. The most popular type of Achatina Achatina has a shell of about 20 centimeters! If you want to grow such a giant, then you need to keep this snail alone, since in a group they do not grow to such a size. The maximum size of this snail was 37 centimeters in shell and such a snail weighed about 500 grams.

Below are photos of adults Achatina.

Now more about the content. Achatina can be kept in aquariums with a lid or in spacious plastic containers. The recommended volume for one adult snail is 10 liters. Babies can be kept in smaller containers. If you want to keep a group of 4 snails, then you will need a volume of 40 liters.

There must be very good ventilation in the terrarium. It is desirable to make both vertical and horizontal through. It is best to sprinkle coconut at the bottom. Moss is also a good choice as a soil; a layer of 5-7 centimeters will be quite enough. Snails love to bury themselves in the ground during the day.

05/10/2018

If you decide to get an Achatina snail, first of all you need to think about purchasing a terrarium. A snail is a terrarium animal; in no case should it be kept outside a specially equipped house on a permanent basis. Consider what a house for the Achatina snail should look like.

Terrarium dimensions

In order for the snail to fully grow and develop, so that its shell is large, it is necessary to calculate the volume of the terrarium based on the norm. at least 10 liters per individual. But I would still recommend buying a larger terrarium. At the moment I have a container of 15 liters, but over time I think to increase the living space of the pet to 20-25 liters.

If you are taking a newly born snail, buy a 15-liter terrarium in advance. At first, you can hold the snail in a small food container, and when it grows up a little, transplant it into a 15-liter container. The snail grows very quickly, so do not buy several containers, as after a couple of weeks a 5 liter container may not be relevant. My Akhatin lives in an adult terrarium from the age of 4 months, that is, from the moment of purchase.

An important criterion is the height of the house. Do not buy a vertical container. It should be wide, long, but low. Snails love to crawl on the roof, from where they periodically fall. And falling from a height is fraught with shell injuries.

The optimal height of the container is 17-22 cm. The width is 23-30 cm. The length is 35-40 cm. Such parameters just correspond to the approximate displacement of 15-20 liters.

Very low options. less than 17 cm in height, I also do not recommend, since an adult snail will not be able to stretch out “in growth”, it will be cramped and the shell may get stuck, standing between the bottom and the lid of the container while the pet is moving.

Tips for choosing a plastic snail house

So, what should be a plastic terrarium and where to find one at all:

Terrarium for Achatina. What you need to have and how to keep it

Take a snail. There are two types of snails: land and freshwater. Let’s dwell on the first ones in more detail. These molluscs are unpretentious in keeping, which is ideal for lazy owners. In addition, if the owner leaves for a while, these animals will be able to live in peace, without requiring attention and care.

One of the most popular land snail species is the Achatina snail (giant African snail). They belong to the Arhahatinadae family. Similar to them, the Arkhahatins are somewhat different from the Akhatin.

So, for example, they have a dull crown of the shell, the body itself is brown or brown. The maximum size of a shell can reach 12 cm. Achatina, on the other hand, has a pointed end of the shell. The shell itself is elongated, has a yellow-brown color with a striped pattern.

The body is gray or black with white tubercles. Another feature of Achatina is their high fertility. there can be up to 500 eggs in a clutch, which outwardly look like small chicken eggs.

Terrarium for Achatina snails: choosing the best

Their activity wakes up only in the evening.

The temperature in the terrarium should not fall below 20 degrees, and the humidity should not fall below 60 percent. Achatina are very sensitive to draft. If you put them in a draft, they will get sick and die. There must be a wide, but shallow drinker in the terrarium. It is advisable to pour water every day. The water layer of small snails should not be more than 3 millimeters, otherwise they may drown. Once a week, you can bathe Achatina under a slight pressure of water. They love to swim.

Perhaps the most important aspect of keeping giant snails is feeding them. The main foods that you can give them without restriction: salad in pots, cucumbers, apples, zucchini, Chinese cabbage, avocado, melon, watermelon with pulp, tomatoes, peaches, oatmeal.

You cannot feed snails with citrus fruits, give food with spices, you cannot give peppers, Coca-Cola, tangerines, oranges, give salty food, give sugar. These foods are deadly for Achatina.

It should also be added that you cannot keep these snails on solid ground, on small pebbles or put ceramic dishes in the terrarium. Achatina can crash on her when she falls.

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Some of the most popular pets are cats and dogs. But what to do if you want exotic?

Aquarium for Achatina

Achatina snail eggs

What should you do when you notice that the African Achatina snail has started breeding? Egg care is extremely important, if certain conditions are not met, the clutch will be unviable and the eggs will die:

  • The temperature should be maintained at 27-28 ° C, without fluctuations and drops.
  • When the soil is waterlogged, the eggs will rot, in dry soil, the embryos will die.
  • Do not touch the eggs with your hands, but move them to a separate terrarium along with the substrate.
  • Sprinkle eggs with soil.

How to keep Achatina snails at home?

Achatina snails at home will not cause any particular difficulties. African snails are ideal pets. They prefer a nocturnal lifestyle, resting in a dark corner during the day. The snail should be settled in a closed terrarium or aquarium, because in order for African guests to feel at home, they need an air temperature of 25-27 ° C and high air humidity (75-90%). Violation of the living conditions will lead to the snail hibernating and may even die.

Soil for snails Achatina

The height of the litter from the ground should enable the African snail to hide, optimally 5-15 cm, no less. It is preferable to use as a primer:

  • coconut substrate;
  • wet (but not waterlogged!) sand;
  • peat with a pH level of 6-7.

Stones, metal objects, and any jewelry made of solid materials are dangerous for the delicate body and shell of Achatina. The snail will not like it in conditions where, having fallen from a height, it can break against the walls of a ceramic decorative castle or a flower pot. Achatina can injure the body on the edges of shards of earthenware, china, glass, so exclude these dangerous elements from the decor of the snail‘s dwelling. You can decorate ulitarium with snags, dry branches, food plastic items, live plants.

Little Achatina snails

The African land snail is a caring parent. Small snails, hatching from eggs, crawl to the surface after a few days. Their shells are very delicate and fragile. Better to place the babies on cabbage leaves. They need to be fed with grated vegetables and fruits with the addition of calc mixtures. It is simple to give the kids a drink: spray the walls of the ulitarium with boiled water. This will be enough. Snails will drink, crawling along the walls and licking drops of water.

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Achatina snails. reproduction

You may have heard how Achatina snails breed. These gastropods are hermaphrodites. The result of keeping two or more African Achatina in one ulitaria will lead to fertilization. In most cases, snails lay eggs, but there are also viviparous species of Achatina. The snail that is older and larger becomes a female. A younger individual will act as a male.

African snail Achatina. basic rules for keeping and caring for an exotic pet

Nowadays, a person lives at a crazy pace and sometimes cannot afford to have a pet at all. If you have no time to raise a dog or a cat, but sometimes want to relax and watch the life of our smaller brothers, then the African Achatina snail is an ideal creature for this purpose.

Terrarium for Achatina snails

Large Achatina snails need a spacious house. It is imperative to prepare for the purchase of a pet in advance so that the animal is immediately placed in a suitable environment for keeping it. Select the capacity for these giants at the rate of 10-15 liters of volume per individual (it will be difficult to maintain constant humidity in a small space). As a dwelling for land snails, you can adapt:

  • reptile terrarium;
  • an aquarium (preferably rectangular, you can buy an old one from your hands, which has leaked, which will come out much cheaper);
  • container with transparent walls made of food grade plastic;
  • ulitarium made with his own hand from glass, plexiglass, plexiglass, transparent plastic.

African Achatina are curious creatures. Traveling along the glass or plastic walls of their world, snails are able to escape beyond its limits. Therefore, cover the top of the container with a lid or a mesh with holes of such a size that the pet could not get out. Don’t forget that the African Achatina snail is a breathing mollusk. Achatina need fresh air, so never seal their house. But drafts are contraindicated for them.

Find a place in your home where direct sunlight will not fall on the terrarium, preferably away from the window. Snails do not like being in the sun, their delicate body is severely suffering and dehydrated. Bright light makes them uncomfortable, since the skin of snails is a continuous light-sensitive organ. The snail does not need light, it is perfectly oriented in the dark. Backlighting is necessary only for the viewer, who will admire the shellfish. Equip ulitarium with a thermometer and hygrometer and constantly monitor their readings.

Domestic snails Achatina. care

So, you made up your mind, prepared a dwelling for a new pet and brought the African snail Achatina into the house. From now on, caring for the foster child and his nutrition will become your pleasant duties. You can entrust the care of these unusual mollusks to a school-age child, he is quite capable of doing this. The main stages of caring for Achatina and her home:

  • Monitor the temperature. No sudden changes in temperature should be allowed. If necessary, raise the temperature in the ulitarium, use heating pads, electric mats, incandescent lamps, placing them from the outside.
  • Maintain constant high humidity, while not overdrying or overmoistening the soil. The dry air will force the snail to hide in the shell. Use a spray bottle to increase humidity. The snail climbs the glass and sits there. ulitaria is too damp. Open the lid of the ulitarium to reduce moisture.
  • Install a shallow (up to 1 cm) stable container with water for bathing the mollusk. Change the water regularly and monitor its level so that snails, especially young ones, do not get bloated.
  • Bathe snails with lukewarm boiled water to remove adhering pieces of soil and food. You can make a “shower” for a snail by puncturing small holes in the cap of a plastic bottle. It is convenient and safe to rinse your pet from such a bottle.
  • At intervals of every 2-3 months, the ulitaria should be washed and the soil changed. In the process of washing, use only water, no detergents or cleaning agents! If the snail has laid eggs, then clean the walls without water at all, wiping with a damp cloth.

Terrarium material and tips for choosing

The main materials of the terrarium are either glass or plastic.

Since the Achatina snail is a fragile creature, I do not recommend a glass terrarium for purchase. Of course, the soil at the bottom of the terrarium will soften the fall of the snail from the roof of the container, but why unnecessary danger? The snail will dig into the ground and the glass floor may be exposed. What if at this moment your pet will fall with a shell right on a hard surface? In addition, when the snail grows to a large size, its shell can beat against the walls of the terrarium while moving, which can also be traumatic.

Another drawback is that the glass is slippery and an adult snail may feel uncomfortable to constantly slide along the walls of such a terrarium, in addition, the number of falls from the roof will increase.

The glass house is quite heavy and it is not very convenient to clean it regularly.

The advantage of glass is its environmental friendliness. Glass stays clean longer, bacteria do not grow on it, compared to plastic. But in my opinion, this option is not the best for snails.

Therefore, I chose plastic and my snail lives in a plastic terrarium from the moment I brought it to my house.

Plastic is very convenient to use as a terrarium for the Achatina snail. It is lightweight, you can put it anywhere in the house, and also carry it around the house if, for example, you want to put a house with a snail on a sofa in the evening and watch your pet.

Food grade plastic terrarium

There is no need to worry that the house will split during operation, and even with a minimal amount of soil, it is practically impossible that the snail will fall and damage the shell. Of course, if the snail is still very small, and the terrarium is high, if it falls from the roof, it can get hurt, you do not need to experiment with the lack of soil.

  • Pros. environmental friendliness and aesthetics.
  • Cons. dangerous for a pet, difficult to clean, not mobile, heavy, rather expensive, it is more difficult to make optimal ventilation (read the article below and you will understand why).
  • Pros. Light in weight, easy to clean, mobile, pet-safe, cheap.
  • Cons. less environmentally friendly than glass. Over time, you may have to buy a new one. And it does not look very aesthetically pleasing in comparison with the glass version.

Terrarium dimensions

In order for the snail to fully grow and develop, so that its shell is large, it is necessary to calculate the volume of the terrarium based on the norm. at least 10 liters per individual. But I would still recommend buying a larger terrarium. At the moment I have a container of 15 liters, but over time I think to increase the living space of the pet to 20-25 liters.

If you are taking a newly born snail, buy a 15-liter terrarium in advance. At first, you can hold the snail in a small food container, and when it grows up a little, transplant it into a 15-liter container. The snail grows very quickly, so do not buy several containers, as after a couple of weeks a 5 liter container may not be relevant. My Akhatin lives in an adult terrarium from the age of 4 months, that is, from the moment of purchase.

It is important that the lid is tightly closed

An important criterion is the height of the house. Do not buy a vertical container. It should be wide, long, but low. Snails love to crawl on the roof, from where they periodically fall. And falling from a height is fraught with shell injuries.

The optimal height of the container is 17-22 cm. The width is 23-30 cm. The length is 35-40 cm. Such parameters just correspond to the approximate displacement of 15-20 liters.

Build your own Snail Terrarium

Very low options. less than 17 cm in height, I also do not recommend, since an adult snail will not be able to stretch out “in growth”, it will be cramped and the shell may get stuck, standing between the bottom and the lid of the container while the pet is moving.

Tips for choosing a plastic snail house

So, what should be a plastic terrarium and where to find one at all:

House for the Achatina snail. tips for choosing a terrarium

If you decide to get an Achatina snail, first of all you need to think about purchasing a terrarium. A snail is a terrarium animal; in no case should it be kept outside a specially equipped house on a permanent basis. Consider what a house for the Achatina snail should look like.

Ventilation

So you’ve found the perfect terrarium and brought it home. Now the house for the Achatina snail needs to be finalized.

Our task is to create the right ventilation in the terrarium.

To do this, holes must be made in the lid. The holes should not be large to prevent excessive evaporation of moisture. The easiest way to make such holes is with an ordinary awl. Heat the awl over a gas stove or burner and make holes about 3 mm in diameter. For a 15-liter terrarium, 15-20 such holes are enough. If the holes are larger, the number of them is correspondingly smaller.

Side vents

After cutting the holes, the sharp edges of the plastic must be sanded.

To ensure air circulation, it also makes sense to make 2-4 holes on the side walls of the container. 2. on one side and 2 more. on the opposite (this is the minus of the glass box. it is not so easy to make ventilation holes in the glass).

make, terrarium, achatina, snail

Ventilation holes on the lid. for small snails, the holes should be smaller

If there are too many holes, they can be closed on top with any dense fabric, which at the same time will create a shadow in one of the corners of the house. The snail does not need too much air, therefore, to maintain soil moisture inside the house, it is important not to overdo it with the number and size of holes.

Perhaps for today this is all that I wanted to tell. As you can see, choosing a house and preparing it for the settlement of the Achatina snail is quite easy, but you need to observe the nuances.

How to make ventilation?

Achatina plants need moisture and a constant supply of fresh air to grow and develop, which also reduces the likelihood of mold, rot and disease. It is not difficult to organize the ventilation system with your own hands. it is enough just to drill holes in the container on the roof and sidewalls. The holes should be correctly positioned so that on one side they are located in the upper part, and on the other. in the lower part. As a result, the temperature inside the tank should be between 24 and 27 degrees Celsius. The holes should not be too large, as the wide diameter threatens excessive vapors, and therefore changes in humidity levels.

The easiest way to pierce the holes is with a regular awl, preheated over a gas stove. You should focus on a hole, the diameter of which is 3 millimeters.

Typically, a 15-liter tank will require 15-20 holes on the lid. The edges of the holes must be sanded. For the sidewalls, a couple of holes on each side will be enough. If too many holes were made during the process, then the excess can be closed using any dense fabric, which will additionally create a shady corner in the tank.

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To monitor the level of humidity and temperature in the tank, experts recommend placing a thermometer and hygrometer inside. As mentioned above, the temperature should range from 25 to 27 degrees. It is recommended to maintain the humidity level within the range of 75-90%. From time to time it makes sense to slightly moisten the soil, as well as spray the insides of the walls.

How to choose and equip a terrarium for Achatina snails?

Achatina snails are often chosen for the role of pets. Having decided to settle these giant mollusks in an apartment, you should definitely figure out the issue of their placement and choose the right aquarium for them.

Choice of capacity

A terrarium for Achatina snails is necessary, since in nature creatures live in warm areas, and therefore temperature fluctuations can be fatal for them. An aquarium or container will keep the atmosphere stable. As a rule, for Achatina, either a standard aquarium for fish, or a terrarium for reptiles, or an ordinary plastic container with transparent walls and a removable lid is purchased. The terrarium is considered the most convenient, but aquarium tanks will also provide the necessary temperature and ventilation. The tank must have such a volume that there is at least 15 liters of free space per individual.

over, you will have to take into account that Achatina grow over time and an aquarium that is too small can become cramped after a certain period.

The lid must have openings to provide adequate ventilation without which the snails will perish. In general, you cannot do without shelter, since the pets may well run away. The optimal size is considered a container, the length and width of which are at least 30 centimeters, and the height ranges from 17 to 22 centimeters. A round aquarium for Achatina is not welcome. In general, the more spacious the reservoir is as a result, the more comfortable it will be for pets.

For a newly born mollusk, you can use a regular food container, and after a while, you can already transplant it into a 15-liter tank. You should not take a vertical type container. it should be wide, but not high. Otherwise, snails crawling onto the roof run the risk of falling off and severely injured.

However, a height below 17 centimeters is not considered successful, since an adult may become cramped in it or it will simply get stuck while moving.

The main materials for the dwelling of snails are plastic and glass. But experts do not really advise taking glass containers. The Achatina snail is characterized by fragility, and the fall of the shell on a hard surface can be fatal for it. The constant interaction of the shell and the walls of the tank of an already grown creature is also not very comfortable. In addition, the glass slides, and the adult will experience stress from the constant sliding off the walls. The heaviness of the reservoir itself makes cleaning difficult. Of course, glass is an environmentally friendly material that keeps its cleanliness longer, but the number of disadvantages alone does not outweigh this advantage.

Plastic is much more convenient to use. The lightness of the container allows it to be installed in any chosen place, quickly cleaned and moved in space.

The snail will not damage the shell if it falls, especially if there is soil at the bottom. Of the minuses of plastic, one can single out less environmental friendliness and a less aesthetic appearance. If a container is chosen as a dwelling for Achatina, then it must necessarily be food.

This can be determined by the presence of the designation “for food” and the placement of a special sign on the bottom of the container. The lid should be hermetically sealed, ideally with latches. It is important that the insides are free of any sharp corners, edges or joints. All sharp fragments are pre-cut and sanded. And of course, it is better to choose transparent plastic. this way the snail will become more comfortable, and the owner will be able to watch his pet at any time.

What kind of soil is needed?

The choice of soil mixture should be carried out in such a way that the snails feel comfortable in an artificially created environment. In addition, the soil is responsible for maintaining the required moisture level, as well as the ability for the snails to rest by burrowing into the soil. The soil options for snails are numerous. Coconut substrate is one of the most popular aquarium decorating solutions. It has a reasonable price, does not stain the walls of the tank, which preserves the aesthetic appearance of the latter, and also retains moisture.

Peat is also considered an affordable but effective option for maintaining moisture levels. The only condition is that it should not be used in its pure version.

Moss shows itself well. it also works to maintain the required moisture level, and does not allow midges to develop. Ordinary soil for planting flowers and plants, in principle, can be used, but only if the composition is safe for Achatina and does not contain harmful chemicals or impurities. Additionally, you can place leaves on top of the soil, which snails use as bedding for rest.

It is strictly forbidden to use sand. it not only injures the body of the mollusk, but also clogs its esophagus. Sawdust is also quite dangerous for the same reason. Hard rocks can kill your pet if it crawls up the wall and breaks.

Forest soil, as a rule, is saturated with microbes, bacteria and even worms, which are dangerous for Achatina.

In principle, you can try to disinfect it first, but even in this case, a sad ending remains very likely. Having cleared the soil mixture from plant residues and roots, it will need to be kept for half an hour in an oven preheated to the maximum temperature.

Pet Snail. How to Prepare Terrarium (Giant African snail habitat setup DIY with Sphagnum moss)

Home decoration

The design of the “house” of mollusks occurs with the help of plants, both live and artificial, as well as a variety of decorative elements. The latter must be made from natural materials that are environmentally friendly for the health of the pet. In addition, it is important that there are no sharp edges and surfaces that lead to injuries to the shellfish.

Plants and accessories

It is easy to design a terrarium if you use a variety of ivy, ferns or rejuvenated.

Live variations are likely to be quickly nibbled by Achatina, so fake versions are recommended for long-term use. When choosing the components of the decor, it is important to abandon rigid and solid objects. A half of a coconut will also fit well as a decor. We must not forget that the arrangement of the “home” is impossible without placing a special bowl of clean water. Since snails prefer to swim in it, the container should be taken of medium size and has significant stability.

It is not recommended to use stones, clay grottoes, or decorative shells in the aquarium. All of these materials can damage the soft body of the clam, or even the shell.

These creatures do not need shelter, so excessive decor is likely to be harmful. From plants, experts recommend choosing succulents that look extremely stylish, but do not require any special care. The plants have a hard stem, which the Achatina will not be able to break. You can plant lettuce or pre-germinated wheat grains in your aquarium. Of course, after some time the snails will eat them, but for a certain period of time you will still be able to enjoy the unusual design.

Terrarium

When choosing a terrarium, the focus is on the material. For its preparation, no material should be used that includes toxic components, harmful substances.

The terrarium for the Achatina snail must be equipped with a cover. With this element, the likelihood of unauthorized movement of the mollusk is prevented. The container is supplemented with a thermometer, with which the temperature level is monitored.

Since the cost of a terrarium for Achatina is quite high, not all aquarists purchase one. The price of such a product fluctuates. So, when determining prices, manufacturers take into account the raw materials that are used for these purposes. For example, glass containers are not expensive. But at the same time, the structure is easily destroyed.

Food containers

Such containers are prepared from raw materials that are considered environmentally friendly. It is equipped with a lid, so the snail cannot leave the house.

To complete such a tank, thermal mats, measuring units are used.

Experienced and novice aquarists create houses for mollusks from the food container with their own hands. In order to get the best result, you should familiarize yourself with the rules of arrangement.

Ventilation

In order for the African snail to develop normally, fresh air is required. The constant flow of air helps to optimize the humidity level. Therefore, fungus, mold and pathogens do not appear in the container.

To create high-quality ventilation in the container, holes are prepared in a certain order:

  • On one side, the holes are centered at the bottom.
  • On the other. at the top.

Choosing and buying capacity

The Achatina snail travels everywhere with its house. But for the convenience of maintenance, she needs a tank that meets certain requirements:

  • A container that has a round shape is not suitable for the Achatina snail.
  • The walls of the selected tank can only be transparent, matte.
  • Containers are not suitable for the preparation of which plywood, wood or cardboard were used.
  • The container is covered with a lid.

Artificial and natural elements for decoration

An experienced aquarist sets up the tank with great care. He necessarily introduces elements such as twigs, vegetation, cones. Such elements are used by mollusks for shelter. Before placing the elements in the tank, they are fried, treated with boiling water.

Vegetation such as mustard, tradescantia, fern is planted in the soil.

Previously, the reservoirs were equipped only with natural decorations. Now they use artificial elements.

A container is placed in a container, which is filled with warm water. With the help of such an element, an appropriate level of humidity is maintained. This container is used by snails and for swimming.

Not only natural, but also artificial plants are placed in a container with snails. Some aquarists only use artificial elements, since mollusks do not violate their integrity.

How to make the best house for the Achatina snail?

Can:

Fruits: apple, apricot, pineapple, avocado, banana, pear, strawberry, strawberry, cherry, mango, papaya, plum, bunch of grapes, figs, watermelon, melon.

Vegetables: pumpkin, rutabagas, zucchini, broccoli, mushrooms, lettuce, cucumber, potatoes (boiled), carrots, red, red peppers, celery, spinach, tomato, cabbage leaves.

Beans, peas (cooked or fresh), oatmeal.

Other: mushrooms, meadow plants / trees, nettles, daisy flowers, elder flowers, clover, dandelion, plantain, yarrow, sprouted oats, alfalfa, fruit tree color (apple, apricot, peach.), Loaf (softened), milk (dry or natural), dairy / lactic acid products (without sugar, salt, spices), minced meat (minced meat, meat. raw or boiled), egg (boiled), compound feed, meat and bone meal, peanuts (chopped), vegetable and meat baby food, gammarus.

It is important that the plants are not plucked within the city, factories or enterprises, sewage, landfills. After bringing home, rinse thoroughly in warm water!

How to care for snails?

Land gastropod mollusk from the subclass of pulmonary snails. Widely distributed in countries with tropical climates, highly invasive species, is a pest of agricultural plants, especially sugar cane. Currently, the further expansion of the Achatina range has been stopped due to strict quarantine measures. The incipient snail invasion in the United States was prevented. In Europe, including Russia, where the survival of Achatina in nature is impossible, they are often kept as pets.

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Effect of calcium on shellfish

To build a shell, snails need calcium. Calcium is a very common chemical element.

Lack of calcium in the food of the snail leads to the curvature and deformation of the shell. Due to the lack of calcium, the shell of the snail becomes softer, it is not protected from the environment. Since all internal organs are attached to the walls of the shell, any damage to it can lead to malfunctioning of organs or death. A mollusc that does not receive calcium from food, as a rule, lags behind in development: the growth of the shell is disrupted or stops altogether, there is a failure in puberty.

In order to prove how important calcium is to snails, I conducted an experiment.

Two groups of snails of the same age and species were taken and placed in the same conditions, but the feeding was carried out in different ways: some. with food with added calcium, others. with its complete absence.

Soon the snails of the second group stopped growing. It follows that calcium is indispensable for shellfish.

Captive snails obtain calcium from sepia, eggshells, forage chalk, shell rock, gammarus, etc. Calcekash is made for a more effective result. Kalcekasha is a nutritional mixture made on the basis of various cereals with the addition of various sources of calcium; such a product is served both dry and boiled.

Feeding the Achatina snail

It is best to feed as soon as the food is eaten and dry and to remove the debris. Achatina eat vegetables, fruits and herbs, but in nature they do not refuse meat either. Usually in captivity they are fed cabbage, carrots and cucumbers, but it is preferable to give a more varied food. This is necessary first of all so that at any time you can switch to another type of food available. It is known that snails have certain food addictions, including many prefer cucumbers and salad to other foods and, if they are fed only cucumbers since childhood, they often refuse to eat anything other than them, which can cause certain inconveniences. Large snails can be fed whole stubs and recycle food waste surprisingly quickly. Soft foods should be given for a short time, otherwise they flow and spread over the soil, causing it to become contaminated. Small snails are generally not recommended to give soft foods. There was a case when the snails completely buried themselves in a banana and suffocated there. It is better for very small newborn snails to give greens, grated carrots, and after a few days lettuce and an apple.

Achatina snails (Terrarium)

A terrarium for Achatina can be made from a simple aquarium. The minimum size is 10 liters per snail. The larger the aquarium, the larger your snail will grow. The terrarium must have a cover, because snails can crawl out of it. It is advisable to arrange small holes in the lid for better gas exchange. As a last resort, you can simply lift the lid to create a small gap. Place a mat on the bottom of the aquarium. The bedding can be Begonia soil, or ideally a coconut embankment substrate. You can build a small bath with fresh water, Achatina love to swim. The main thing is that the depth of the bath does not allow the snail to swell. In general, Achatins crawl well under water, but, accidentally falling into the bath from above, a small snail can drown from fright. You also need to make sure that the bath does not turn over if the snail begins to bury itself in the ground next to it, otherwise the water will spread, which is not good.

The temperature and humidity required by the Achatinas roughly coincide with those in an ordinary city apartment. Soil moisture is determined empirically. If the snails are sitting on the walls of the cage all the time, then there is too much water. If they prefer to cork (the evidence is hidden in the sink and closed with a lid), on the contrary, it is too dry. With normal soil moisture, snails crawl along its surface at night, and during the day they often burrow into it. To maintain humidity, it is enough to spray the soil and walls of the terrarium with a spray bottle twice a day.

To wake up a clogged snail, you can pour water over its mouth and gently remove the cap, or simply place it in a normal humidity terrarium. It is recommended to wash the terrarium at least once a week. An exception is a terrarium with eggs, which must be cleaned without water in order not to change the moisture content and not to damage the eggs.

It is better to keep small snails without soil, laying cabbage or lettuce leaves for them, thereby increasing the chance of snail finding food and making it easier to care for the terrarium.

It is impossible (very important!):

Spicy, salty, sour, sweet, smoked, fried, pasta, potato eyes.

Achatina snails: at home. get acquainted! How to care for, maintain and feed Achatina snails at home

To date, not only familiar cats, dogs, fish, but also such amazing aquatic inhabitants as snails have begun to be taken as pets.

The most interesting for breeding at home are Achatina. these are cute, funny snails, which, however, also need attention and care.

This article will be devoted to Achatins: how they live, what they eat and how to properly care for them.

Achatina snails at home: where to keep

For this type of snails, you do not need to build any unusual structure, you can do with an aquarium without water or a container made of transparent plastic or plexiglass. If you will have 3-4 individuals, then prepare a 20 liter aquarium or box for them. Since snails are able to crawl on almost all surfaces, do not forget to cover their dwelling with a lid, in which first make the required number of holes for good air circulation.

To keep your pet comfortable in their new home, first sprinkle dirt on the bottom in which they can dig. The ideal litter is coconut or orchid substrate. If your pets are already old enough, they need to make a 5-7 cm embankment of soil, 2-3 cm will be enough for young individuals. The optimal litter option is a combination of coarse loose sand and non-acidic soil.

To make your terrarium with Achatina look attractive enough for you and guests, and also be useful for the mollusks themselves, you need to put inside plants (fern, ivy), non-rotting wood pieces, moss and terracotta shards. these elements will give it sophistication and originality. In addition, they will be useful for Achatina, as they will saturate them with the necessary oxygen and diversify their diet.

Achatina snails at home: where to start?

This type of snail lives in nature in Asian countries, as well as in Tanzania and Kenya, where the air temperature is ideal for their favorable existence, and the local flora is an excellent base for food.

Achatina snails, at home. basic information

Achatina comes in several colors, with the most popular being brown with dark stripes. The age and color of this type of snails directly depend on their keeping conditions. When Achatina grows up, its carapace gains up to 7-8 turns and turns greenish.

In nature, there are many species of these mollusks, but there is a species that is fundamentally different from others, he calls an albino. They differ in that they have slightly smaller dimensions, develop a little slower and have a white body and shell color, which look quite interesting and colorful.

Achatina are the largest land molluscs in size, since their length can reach 30 cm! These molluscs are quite unpretentious, and they do not need any complicated care. At the same time, they are very funny and live quite a long time (6 years), some specimens, with proper care, can live up to 8-9 years.

These pets are very observant, they will quickly remember and get used to you, they can easily distinguish their owners from strangers. They can also have their own favorite food and a corner in the terrarium.

To make the stay of your unusual pets as comfortable as possible, you must have:

In some cases, Achatina can even be released for a walk around the house. But before you do this, take a good look at the area where your snail will walk for sharp obstacles, dirt and other points that can harm the skin of this mollusc.

Also, make sure that there are no drafts in the room. Snails are very dependent on temperature and humidity levels, so do not walk your pet for too long, it can harm him.

Also watch out for their food and air temperature in the terrarium, as their poor-quality food or increased dryness in their home, the Achatina shell can quickly crack and deteriorate.

Achatina comes from the hot tropics, so the temperature in their terrarium should also be quite high, in the range from 20 to 28 ° C. At the same time, they also do not need to be placed near a battery or heater, since this is fraught with overdrying of the substrate. Also, be careful not to be exposed to direct sunlight as this can lead to unwanted temperature contrast. For the winter season, use heating lamps, which are used when caring for reptiles, in order to maintain the correct temperature level in the terrarium.

Light for these molluscs does not really matter, so they do not need to extend the daylight hours, as is the case with orchids. But be sure to remove the light source outside the terrarium so that the Achatins did not crawl over the lamps.

Since this type of molluscs naturally lives in the equatorial jungle, they also need to create a suitable humid environment in the terrarium. To do this, do not forget to spray the walls and bedding with water from a spray bottle at least a couple of times a day. The optimal level of humidity should be 75-85%, in some cases even 90% (albopicta snail), it all depends on the type of your pets.

But you do not need to get carried away with spraying moisture, as the terrarium can very quickly be turned into a swamp. To quickly determine if the moisture level inside the container is right for your pets, monitor their behavior. If the Achatina climb higher on the walls and stay there, then the environment is too humid in the container, but if they constantly burrow into the ground and hide under the lids, then the terrarium is too dry.

Achatina snails at home: what to feed, how to care

This item is especially important for beginner lovers of these exotic pets. But do not worry, the Achatins are not particularly picky about food. It is worth highlighting the 3 most beloved products of these shellfish:

But don’t limit them to just these products. For your snails to live happily ever after, you need to diversify their menu, you can give them carrots or cabbage leaves. Achatina potatoes are not particularly fond of, the only exceptions are boiled vegetables.

In summer, you can give your pets all kinds of fruits, berries and vegetables.

For example, Achatina people like the following foods:

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