home Article How to make a terrarium for the Achatina snail

How to make a terrarium for the Achatina snail

Home decoration

The design of the “house” of mollusks occurs with the help of plants, both live and artificial, and a variety of decorative elements. The latter must be made from natural materials that are environmentally friendly for the health of the pet. In addition, it is important that there are no sharp edges and surfaces that lead to injuries to the molluscs.

How to choose and equip a terrarium for Achatina snails?

Achatina snails are often chosen for the role of pets. Having decided to settle these giant mollusks in an apartment, you should definitely figure out the issue of their placement and choose the right aquarium for them.

Choice of capacity

A terrarium for Achatina snails is necessary, since in nature creatures live in warm areas, and therefore temperature fluctuations can be fatal for them. An aquarium or container will keep the atmosphere stable. As a rule, for Achatina, either a standard aquarium for fish, or a terrarium for reptiles, or an ordinary plastic container with transparent walls and a removable lid is purchased. The terrarium is considered the most convenient, but aquarium tanks will also provide the necessary temperature and ventilation. The tank must have such a volume that there is at least 15 liters of free space per individual.

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over, you will have to take into account that Achatina grow over time and an aquarium that is too small can become cramped after a certain period.

The lid must have openings to provide adequate ventilation without which the snails will perish. In general, you cannot do without shelter, since the pets may well run away. The optimal size is considered a container, the length and width of which are at least 30 centimeters, and the height ranges from 17 to 22 centimeters. A round aquarium for Achatina is not welcome. In general, the more spacious the reservoir is as a result, the more comfortable it will be for pets.

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For a newly born mollusk, you can use a regular food container, and after a while, you can already transplant it into a 15-liter tank. You should not take a vertical type container. it should be wide, but not high. Otherwise, snails crawling onto the roof risk falling off and severely injured.

However, a height below 17 centimeters is not considered successful, since an adult may become cramped in it or it will simply get stuck while moving.

The main materials for the dwelling of snails are plastic and glass. But experts do not really advise taking glass containers. The Achatina snail is characterized by fragility, and the fall of the shell on a hard surface can be fatal for it. The constant interaction of the shell and the walls of the tank of an already grown creature is also not very comfortable. In addition, the glass slides, and the adult will experience stress from the constant sliding off the walls. The heaviness of the reservoir itself makes cleaning difficult. Of course, glass is an environmentally friendly material that keeps its cleanliness longer, but this advantage alone does not outweigh the number of disadvantages.

Plastic is much more convenient to use. The lightness of the container allows it to be installed in any chosen place, quickly cleaned and moved in space.

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The snail will not damage the shell if it falls, especially if there is soil at the bottom. Of the minuses of plastic, one can single out less environmental friendliness and a less aesthetic appearance. If a container is chosen as a dwelling for Achatina, then it must necessarily be food.

This can be determined by the presence of the designation “for food” and the placement of a special sign on the bottom of the container. The lid should be hermetically sealed, ideally with latches. It is important that the insides are free of any sharp corners, edges or joints. All sharp fragments are pre-cut and sanded. And of course, it is better to choose transparent plastic. this way the snail will become more comfortable, and the owner will be able to watch his pet at any time.

What kind of soil is needed?

The choice of soil mixture should be carried out in such a way that the snails feel comfortable in an artificially created environment. In addition, the soil is responsible for maintaining the required moisture level, as well as the ability for the snails to rest by burrowing into the soil. The soil options for snails are numerous. Coconut substrate is one of the most popular aquarium decorating solutions. It has a reasonable price, does not stain the walls of the tank, which preserves the aesthetic appearance of the latter, and also retains moisture.

Peat is also considered an affordable but effective option for maintaining moisture levels. The only condition is that it should not be used in its pure version.

Moss shows itself well. it also works to maintain the required moisture level, and does not allow midges to develop. Ordinary soil for planting flowers and plants, in principle, can be used, but only if the composition is safe for Achatina and does not contain harmful chemicals or impurities. Additionally, you can place leaves on top of the soil, which snails use as bedding for rest.

It is strictly forbidden to use sand. it not only injures the body of the mollusk, but also clogs its esophagus. Sawdust is also quite dangerous for the same reason. Hard rocks can kill your pet if it crawls up the wall and breaks.

Forest soil, as a rule, is saturated with microbes, bacteria and even worms, which are dangerous for Achatina.

In principle, you can try to disinfect it first, but even in this case, a sad ending remains very likely. Having cleared the soil mixture from plant residues and roots, it will need to be kept for half an hour in an oven preheated to the maximum temperature.

How to make ventilation?

Achatina plants need moisture and a constant supply of fresh air to grow and develop, which also reduces the likelihood of mold, rot and disease. It is not difficult to organize the ventilation system with your own hands. it is enough just to drill holes in the container on the roof and sidewalls. The holes should be correctly positioned so that on one side they are located in the upper part, and on the other. in the lower part. As a result, the temperature inside the tank should be between 24 and 27 degrees Celsius. The holes should not be too large, as the wide diameter threatens excessive vapors, and therefore changes in humidity levels.

The easiest way to pierce the holes is with a regular awl, preheated over a gas stove. You should focus on a hole with a diameter of 3 millimeters.

Typically, a 15-liter tank will require 15-20 holes on the lid. The edges of the holes must be sanded. For the sidewalls, a couple of holes on each side will be enough. If too many holes were made during the process, then the excess can be closed using any dense fabric, which will additionally create a shady corner in the tank.

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To monitor the level of humidity and temperature in the tank, experts recommend placing a thermometer and hygrometer inside. As mentioned above, the temperature should range from 25 to 27 degrees. It is recommended to maintain the humidity level within the range of 75-90%. From time to time it makes sense to slightly moisten the soil, as well as spray the insides of the walls.

Plants and accessories

It is easy to design a terrarium if you use a variety of ivy, ferns or rejuvenated.

Live variations are likely to be quickly nibbled by Achatina, so fake versions are recommended for long-term use. When choosing the components of the decor, it is important to abandon rigid and solid objects. A half of a coconut will also fit well as a decor. We must not forget that the arrangement of the “home” is impossible without placing a special bowl of clean water. Since snails prefer to swim in it, the container should be taken of medium size and has significant stability.

It is not recommended to use stones, clay grottoes, or decorative shells in the aquarium. All of these materials can damage the soft body of the mollusk, and even the shell.

These creatures do not need shelter, so excessive decor is likely to be harmful. From plants, experts recommend choosing succulents that look extremely stylish, but do not require any special care. The plants have a hard stem, which the Achatina will not be able to break. You can plant lettuce or pre-germinated wheat grains in your aquarium. Of course, after some time the snails will eat them, but for a certain period of time you will still be able to enjoy the unusual design.

How to choose and equip a terrarium for Achatina snails?

Achatina snails are often chosen for the role of pets. Having decided to settle these giant mollusks in an apartment, you should definitely figure out the issue of their placement and choose the right aquarium for them.

Permitted soils

  • Coconut substrate is an inexpensive and most common type of terrarium bedding. It holds moisture well, does not stain the walls and the snail.
  • Peat is an inexpensive type of soil. It holds moisture well, but it is better to use it in a mixture with other types of soil.
  • Moss is an affordable and favorite type of bedding. It holds moisture and serves as a kind of moisture indicator in the terrarium. The walls and the snail are always clean. Prevents the appearance and reproduction of midges.
  • The earth is a good soil, keeps moisture and snails feel great in the flower soil.
  • Leaf litter. serves as an independent and additional type of soil for the snail. She buries herself in it and rests in the daytime.

Types of soil for snails

African snails cannot live without soil, since they sleep in it, lay eggs and the soil helps maintain the necessary moisture in the terrarium, and also, if the snail breaks off the wall or lid, the soil will not allow it to break. Examples of popular soils for snails.

We decorate the terrarium with natural materials

You can add beauty and natural landscape with bark, branches, cones and living plants.

A large piece of bark will bring mysteries to the terrarium, which you can also pick up in the forest or planting. It should also be processed before being placed in the Achatina dwelling. Snails will rest in an artificial shelter made of a piece of bark.

You can spread moss on top of the soil. Forest moss can be collected in the forest, but it should be soaked in cold water for 10 hours, then doused with boiling water and only then spread in the terrarium like a carpet or make fancy bumps out of it.

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Half a coconut can be used as an artificial hiding place for the snail to rest during the day. Laying dry oak or birch leaves nearby.

Do not forget about living plants that do well in wet soil.

  • tradiskaniya;
  • rejuvenated;
  • Money Tree;
  • paparotnik;
  • ivy;
  • mustard;
  • barley;
  • wheat.

Living plants will have to be updated from time to time, since the snails will eat them. Replacements will require driftwood and branches, bark and moss, all natural materials that lose their attractive appearance in a humid, warm environment. Thus, the decor in your terrarium will always be new.

We equip the terrarium with artificial accessories

You can decorate the Achatina snail house not only with natural materials, but also with artificial accessories.

make, terrarium, achatina, snail

Shards from an old flower pot will serve as a shelter for a snail.

Place a plastic container with warm water in the terrarium, this will help maintain moisture in it and your pet will always be able to take water procedures in it.

Fresh flowers can be replaced with artificial ones that will not be eaten by snails, will not wither and will always delight with green leaves.

It is not advisable to use stones, porcelain and baked clay in the terrarium with snails if it falls off the ceiling or wall of the terrarium. It hits a stone, clay or glass, the consequences for it will be fatal.

How to make proper ventilation

The snail does not need a lot of oxygen, but even it needs fresh air. The air dries out the soil in the terrarium, preventing mold and unpleasant odors from forming. On the Internet, there are two opinions about ventilation in Achatina dwellings. Some argue that it is enough to make a few holes in the lid of the terrarium and this will be enough for a comfortable life of the mollusk.

If you notice that the soil dries out quickly, seal a few holes.

Others argue that air should not only enter, but also exit. Proper air circulation is ensured by openings in the walls of the enclosure. On one side. at ground level, on the other. just below the terrarium cover. The holes must be no thicker than a match.

make, terrarium, achatina, snail

If you have a hamster enclosure, cover half of the holes in the lid to prevent the soil from drying out quickly.

Plants for terrarium with Achatina

Better to place live plants in the terrarium. But artificial ones are also acceptable. In terms of plants, it must be borne in mind that the African snail is a land animal. Therefore, plants planted with care in a snail house are likely to be dug up and eaten. An option is to install them in pots (to protect the roots from the teeth of the snails). Or. compact the soil around the plant with driftwood and bark.

  • all types of fern and tradescantia, saxifrage. they are resistant to digging;
  • cereals and lichen;
  • rice sprouts, mustard sprouts;
  • plantain.
  • vegetation with thorns;
  • poisonous vegetation. dieffenbachia, ivy, aloe;
  • plants of the genus xerophytes (saplings of wormwood, feather grass).

It is always better for any animal if the home conditions are close to the conditions of its natural habitat. Therefore, it is necessary to equip a terrarium for Achatina based on these considerations. Remember, taking snails home means being ready to care for them properly, as their lifespan is quite long.