How to properly feed underwater inhabitants
Fish are quite unpretentious pets, and if you do not make gross mistakes in nutrition, this is already a big guarantee for your pet to be healthy and live long enough. Adhere to the following principles:
- Meal schedule. It is advisable to feed the aquarium inhabitants at the same time.
- Reflexes. Tap the glass lightly before adding food. This will help develop the habit of the fish, and they will immediately swim to the surface to get food.
- Know the limits. Many fish owners try to feed the fish to the belly. This is not worth doing, because one meal a day is enough for them. And if you organize a belly festival every day, it will soon be on the surface of the water. To understand that the pet is fed, pay attention to the bottom: if food has settled on it, the fish is full. The food should not lie on the bottom, because there it will start to rot and poison the water. The only exception to the rule are catfish: they just feed from the bottom. And the fish need to periodically arrange fasting days, but not more often than 1 time per week.
- Diversity. Dry, frozen, live or refined. which food should you choose? The answer is simple. everything is a little bit. Rarely do you meet people who have eaten the same food every day for many years and do not complain about the monotony. So the fish love different types of food. However, be careful with live food as it can introduce a dangerous infection into the aquarium.
Aquarium decoration: all or nothing
There are many different decorative ornaments for the aquarium, but how do you know which of this magnificence you need? First, you should find out about the features of the natural habitat of the type of fish that you decide to have.
Try to create a real “sea in a box”. that is, the conditions for the pet as close as possible to the natural environment. Then the pets will feel at home in the aquarium and will be able to quickly settle down in it. They should feel good and comfortable in their new home. Of course, these preparations are quite costly, and take money, time and effort. However, spending once, you will be rewarded not only with an interesting decorative complex in the aquarium, but also with healthy and happy fish that will soothe with their appearance after a hard day’s work.
It is important not to rush from one extreme to another and avoid mistakes that are inherent in many novice fish lovers: excessive asceticism or a real aquarium baroque.
We wrote above about how important decorative elements are, but it is important to note that being overloaded with rocks, stones, houses, toy scuba divers and others, may simply not leave the fish a place for free swimming.
Aquarium and Fish Care Secrets for Beginners
Even before buying a pet, you need to decide where he will live. Size, volume and shape. these parameters should be chosen in advance, since the aquarium is the future home for your pets. It is necessary to think over the layout in advance not only inside the glass house, but also its position in the apartment, because this also affects the comfortable living of the fish, and how much effort you have to lay out every time you need to change the water and clean the glass.
Changing the water in the aquarium
Water is the most important thing in the natural environment of fish, therefore it is necessary to monitor its quality, take into account the hardness and the presence of organic matter. Ideal composition can be achieved with a filter and regular water changes. Renewal of water in an aquarium with fish is the most important condition for their long and healthy life, since this aspect is responsible for the balance of the biological balance of the home mini-ecosystem.
HOW TO Properly Care for Your 20 Gallon Aquarium (setup/clean)
There are 2 stages of water change: partial and full renewal.
Partial water changes in an aquarium help maintain the eco-system and water balance, even with frequent fluid changes. Before changing the water, you must wait some time after starting it for the first time. This usually takes 2 months. Further, the water should be changed once or twice a week, but no more than 20% of the total volume of the aquarium. Changing the water too often is fraught with consequences: water quality deteriorates and beneficial microbes die.
Water balance: how to properly defend water
So how long does it take for the water to settle? It depends on the breed of your aquatic inhabitants, their characteristics and the whimsicality of algae and snails that coexist with fish, and without which it is impossible to imagine their life. If the water does not correspond to the 7.0 pH parameter, then it can be used after a few days, when chemical compounds, as well as phosphates and chlorine, leave the water.
When buying an aquarium, pay attention to the following aspects:
The larger the container, the easier it is to take care of it. But routine cleaning once a month (at least) is mandatory for aquariums of all sizes, shapes and models.
The size of the fish house should not be chosen at random. Be sure to take into account the size of your pet, and only on this basis choose a home for him.
The design and decoration of the house is not only a whim of the owner. How much time you will spend on its care and cleaning will depend on the features of the structure and decor of the house. It is also important what kind of fish you decide to start. Some like to swim in dense kelp, while others like barren.
For the novice aquarist, a classic rectangular aquarium is ideal. It is not worth spending money, funds and nerves on pretentious forms and gigantic volumes of mega-aquariums. Wash it all for you.
Aquarium Maintenance for Beginners
Aquarium filter: care features
Without this important adaptation, the normal existence of aquatic life is impossible. However, for its full functioning, you need to take into account several rules:
- The first and most important rule is that the filter must be washed in aquarium water.!
- Be sure to rinse the sponge inside the filter. This will help to keep the volume of processed water at the desired level.
- Note that a slightly dirty sponge is more effective than a new one. The secret is that on the surface of the “test” sponge there are special bacteria that help to process chemicals into safe and natural ones. However, this does not mean that you can let everything go by itself and not clean the filter at all. A running and dirty sponge will interfere with the flow of the necessary oxygen into the water.
- How often the sponge needs to be changed depends on how much power the pump is in your filter. If the pump is of a medium power level, the sponge must be changed once every 2 weeks, if it is high, it will be enough once a month.
- It is strictly forbidden to use detergents to clean the filter! This will upset the bacterial balance and can poison the water in the aquarium.
How to properly care for aquarium fish at home?
Aquarium fish attract the eye with their smooth and unhurried movements. Looking at these inhabitants of the water element, you can forget about all the problems and worries, calm down and completely relax. But in order for the fish to fulfill their purpose in full, you need to learn the basic rules of caring for them by the tooth. Our tips will make you a true professional in caring for beautiful aquatic creatures. domisad.org
First, decide how many species of fish will live in your aquarium. Remember that the inhabitants are predatory, and with the appropriate size, it will not be difficult for them to eat the rest, smaller fish for breakfast. Therefore, when purchasing another pair, do not be too lazy to ask the seller if he gives you real piranhas. Perhaps beautiful fish simply cannot coexist with anyone other than their own kind.
Individual inhabitants of the aquarium can only live in certain conditions, and you need to determine in which ones. So, for fish, temperature, acidity, water hardness, food, the presence of aerofiltration, the degree of illumination of the aquarium, the frequency of water changes, etc. are important. First of all, you need to pay attention to the water, which, if possible, should not be fresh, but settled. The timing of the settling of the water will depend on the whims of the inhabitants of the aquarium. For example, some fish can die if the water does not stand for more than a day. This can be explained by the fact that chlorine in tap water will not disappear in a day.
Only after 2-3 days it will be possible to say that the water is relatively clean. If you don’t want to wait that long, heat the water to about 17 degrees and then cool it down. This move will help you release excess oxygen from the water, which also does not benefit the fish in the aquarium.
The water in the aquarium needs to be changed once a week, while renewing only a third of the water. Some tropical fish perceive the replacement of the aquatic environment as a great stress. If you have just such inhabitants, then you need to update not a third, but only a fifth of the water.
What does daily care of aquarium fish mean??
Maintenance of the habitat at the proper level. That is, you need to check the temperature every day, monitor the cleanliness of the filter and the operation of the compressor, and turn on the lighting if necessary. If the water is cold, you need to warm it up to the required temperature using an aquarium heater. As we have already said, only settled water can be added to the aquarium. Foreign objects that have the ability to release various substances into the aquatic environment must not be placed in the tank. Do not smoke indoors as the smoke will harm your precious fish by poisoning the water.
Feeding. The fish should be fed once or twice a day. If you have fry, then the regularity of their feeding should be up to four to five times. Beginners are often confused about the amount of food a fish needs to satisfy their hunger. Determining the exact amount simply needs to be based on your experience with your aquarium dwellers. Track how much food they eat in 5-10 minutes, then focus on this amount. If you do not want the water in the aquarium to be constantly polluted, do not forget to remove food from the surface of the water that the fish did not eat. Never overfeed your aquarium dwellers, otherwise they will become overly passive. Dry, live or frozen food can be used.
Dry food is either dry daphnia or some natural dry mix. Live food is duckweed, bloodworm or tubifex. If you are using frozen food, be sure to defrost it first. This is not to say that this or that type of food is more useful than the others. The main thing is a properly balanced and varied diet. Food should be distributed throughout the aquarium so that not only strong, but also weak, as well as bottom fish can gain access to it. You have to follow this carefully.
Daily check of plants and fish. As soon as you notice the slightest signs of decomposition of plants, they must be urgently removed from the aquarium and thrown away. Fish can get sick with something, which manifests itself in the form of suspicious spots and growths. If you do not want other fish to get sick, transfer the sick creature to the quarantine aquarium. The fish themselves will not heal, so you need to consult with a specialist who will point out a specific disease and advise on the right measures to eliminate it.
If we talk about general cleaning of your aquarium, then its terms will be determined by the “capriciousness” of your fish. Patient creatures will easily endure weekly cleaning. But if fish live in the aquarium, for which even adding water is stressful, then you need to clean it once or twice a month. During the general cleaning, the fish are transferred to another container, after which you can start cleaning the aquarium. Drain water, clean the bottom and sides of dirt, waste and feed residues. Remember to wash the filter. It is often not recommended to disturb the aquarium inhabitants, and fanatical cleaning every other day can simply harm everyone who lives in your aquarium. But forgetting about basic cleaning is also not recommended.
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in the care and maintenance of aquarium fish. Stick to the basic rules and you won’t have any problems. Be sure to find out the optimal conditions for keeping your fish, and adhere to them clearly. Use only common sense when it comes to lighting, feeding and cleaning. Do not bother the fish with frequent cleaning, do not overfeed them, but do not make them starve, and then the fish will be happy.
How to properly care for aquarium fish
How to properly care for aquarium fish?
The movements of aquarium fish are simply mesmerizing, they are unhurried and smooth. Looking into the aquarium, a person relaxes, all worries are forgotten, calms down. So, if you decide to keep aquarium fish at home, tips on how to care for fish in an aquarium will come in handy.
The first step is to decide how many different types of fish you want to keep in one tank. Do not forget that there are species of predatory aquarium fish that can eat other inhabitants of the aquarium. Because of this, it is better when buying fish of different types, ask the seller if they will coexist well. You also definitely need to know such important environmental parameters for your fish: water hardness and acidity, aeration, filtration, food, frequency of water changes, illumination, water temperature. The most important factor for fish living is naturally water. First of all, it must be well-established. But how much to stand for water depends on the type of your fish, because some of them are absolutely not suitable for fresh water after a day of standing. This is explained by the fact that in a day the bleach does not have time to completely disappear, and after 2-3 days the water will acquire a sufficient level of purity. In order not to wait a few days, you can simply warm up the water to 17 degrees Celsius and then cool it down. This will help free the water from excess oxygen, which is not useful for aquarium fish.
The water should be changed once a week, and no more than one third of the water should be renewed. There are some types of tropical fish for which changing water is a huge stress, which is why it only slightly refreshes within one fifth of the total volume of the aquarium.
Daily care of fish in an aquarium should include the following actions:
1. Support for the parameters of the fish habitat. You need to check the water temperature every day and if you need to turn on the heater, also make sure that the filter is not clogged, so that the compressor works, if necessary, turn on the backlight.
If there is a need to add water to the aquarium, but it must be settled. It is contraindicated to put various foreign objects into the aquarium that are capable of releasing various kinds of substances into the water. It is better not to smoke in the room where the aquarium is located, because tobacco smoke is harmful to fish.
Feeding. It is best to feed the fish once or twice a day if they are adults, and the fry more often than four times. Quite often, novice aquarists do not know how much food should be poured. In order to establish the exact amount of food needed directly by your fish, you can experimentally. You just pour in such an amount of feed that they are able to eat in 5-10 minutes. It is better to remove all residues immediately, because they pollute the water in the aquarium. No feed accumulation at the bottom is permissible. Better not to overfeed the fish. Food is either frozen, live or dry.
Dry food is most often produced on the basis of dry daphnia or dry mixtures. The “live” food includes: tubifex, bloodworms, duckweed. And frozen food, before giving them to fish, must be defrosted. A varied diet is undoubtedly good for both you and your fish. The food should be distributed throughout the aquarium so that everyone gets it. both the strong and the weak, and also those who are always at the bottom.
Checking. You should check the condition of the fish and plants in your aquarium daily. If you see any signs of decomposition of plants, they must be thrown away urgently. As for the fish, if they show signs of disease, and these are growths or suspicious spots, then they should be immediately transferred to a quarantine aquarium so as not to infect other inhabitants of the aquarium. Only a specialist will tell you how to treat sick fish, you yourself are unlikely to determine what exactly the fish are sick with.
Experts in this matter advise to perform “general” cleaning of the aquarium, depending on the type of fish, it can be once a week or 1-2 times a month. During such cleaning, the fish should be transferred to another aquarium and cleaning should begin. It is necessary to drain the water, clean the walls and bottom of the aquarium from accumulated dirt, food residues and fish waste, and rinse the filter. The fish should not be disturbed often, because they do not like this, so cleaning the aquarium too often is as harmful as forgetting about cleaning.
And so it turns out that caring for aquarium fish is not so difficult as it seemed at first glance. You only need to adhere to two rules in the process of caring for your fish. The first thing you need to know is what conditions for keeping your specific species of fish are considered optimal, and stick to them in the aquarium. The second thing in all aquariums did such as lighting, cleaning and feeding, you need to adhere to common sense, that is, feed the fish in moderation, not very often bother them with cleaning, but also not to allow the aquarium to look like a swamp.
How to properly care for aquarium fish
Learning to take care of your aquarium fish takes a lot of effort and patience. What is just the aquarium itself. Therefore, first you need to decide: can you give part of your free time to caring for your little pets. If the answer is more than positive, it remains only to figure out for yourself how to properly care for the fish.
If you have a clear division of responsibilities and are consistent in caring for little swimmers, it will seem easy for you. But restless people, who every now and then, forget to feed the pets, cannot be trusted at all. These animals are very sensitive to violations of the daily routine.
To learn how to care for aquarium fish, you need to make every effort and patience.
The further question comes down to the fact that it is necessary to choose the appropriate type of fish. This will determine the amount of water in the aquarium, the types of plants and the type of soil at the bottom.
Unpretentious individuals are well suited for the first experiment: it is enough to simply feed them, the aquarium is minimized. You can also try breeding. If you like it and you succeed, you will become not just an owner, but a real breeder!
To get a better understanding of how to care for fish, it is worth considering the most popular types of fish that are ideal for pets. Today, the most popular types are:
- guppy fish. a little pet with a surprisingly beautiful tail;
- cockerels are fighting persons to which you need to find an approach;
- neons. bright swimmers in your aquarium;
- scalars. in the world has a second name, like “fish. angel”;
- telescopes are funny pets with “expressive” eyes.
We buy guppies
Caring for guppy fish is very simple. These are the most unpretentious fish, which are incredibly interesting to care for. A very bright coloring will immediately cheer you up. These little swimmers will not take much of your time, but they will give you a lot of positive emotions.
By themselves, guppies adapt very well to any conditions. If they are placed, for example, in a large glass jar, and not in an aquarium, even there, they will live and reproduce peacefully. You just need to clearly monitor the temperature. The level should be between 18 and 30 degrees. It is impossible to deviate from this norm, otherwise the animal may suffer.
In terms of nutrition, these individuals are very omnivorous. They tolerate any food well, but still prefer bloodworms. The daily diet of a male is on average one bloodworm (about 8 mm long). But the females of this species are very gluttonous. Their food is three times more than that of the male.
From here, you need to calculate the daily amount of food for your pets. Guppies are the most suitable fish for a beginner. It is with such bright individuals that you need to begin to master the care of fish.
The scalars are very fond of the warm climate, so for them the temperature is kept in the region of 25-27 degrees. At the same time, you need to be prepared for the fact that an individual in adulthood will reach its maximum length of 15 cm.
It is necessary to provide scalars with constant care. Weekly water scrubbing and soil flushing should be a must on your weekend to-do list. Fish can eat both live and artificially grown food. However, you don’t need to over-feed the fish.
Breeding of this species is possible by the age of one year. After the female lays eggs, the married couple jointly care for their future offspring.
Many do not know enough about how to care for aquarium fish, which have received the interesting name “neons”. And in terms of the content of these individuals, everything is quite simple. Caring for these small pets is simple, yet very similar to guppies.
Neons love to live in soft water, no matter how long ago it changed and how much oxygen it contains. The most important thing is to maintain the temperature level, which should be in the range of 20 to 24 degrees. It’s not scary if you deviate from the norm by a couple of degrees. But it can negatively affect the health of the animal.
it is better to choose such a fish in a group. Since this is a very sociable species, there must be at least 3 members. Then a healthy aquarium atmosphere is guaranteed.
Cockerel. fish. fighter
Males are very harmful in nature. The name of such individuals is clearly compared with the bird of the same name. Just like a rooster, one individual can start a fight in an aquarium, in which the other will eventually suffer.
To know how to care for a cockerel fish, you just need to understand the basics of this matter. Males are a very slow type, so everything in the aquarium should help to maintain a calm environment.
Since these pets in nature live in warm waters, the temperature of the artificial reservoir should also be appropriate. It is better if it varies from 22 to 26 degrees. There is a fish in it. the rooster will feel comfortable. Especially important if you want to breed.
this kind requires attention to detail. You need to take care of the aquarium fish constantly, and clean the aquarium itself once a week, while the fish. the rooster is placed in a jar (where water from the aquarium is added). Everything else is cleaned and put back.
Males are very harmful in nature.
To create an interior, buy live plants with large and round leaves for your pet, place a dark soil on the bottom. It is necessary that the aquarium has a cover that will create warm air for the fish to breathe.
Feeding will help complete care. You need to give a special feed that looks like flakes. On the day, the fish take two meals. It is best to divide the feeding time into morning and evening.
Strange fish. telescope
Aquarium fish. telescopes got their name in honor of the shape of the eyes, which are pronounced and similar to the object of the same name. Care for this species is quite peculiar: you need to do everything so that the telescopic fish could not injure their “telescopes” in any way.
First you need to purchase an aquarium for them, which will be necessarily rectangular and roomy. One fish should have at least 8 liters of water. It is desirable that a small flock live in one “house”, since this is a natural necessity for such individuals. The temperature needs to be quite high. from 26 to 27 degrees.
It is necessary to take care of such individuals in terms of nutrition with special care. The main thing is not to allow pets to eat a lot. It is desirable that there is enough food for lunch, which lasts 7 minutes.
If you decide to get some representative of the species presented earlier, you should carefully read all the difficulties that will await you. And only then make the final decision.
Weekly plant maintenance includes removing dead, algae-covered and snail-eaten leaves, pruning shoots and thinning overgrown bushes. Fertilizers are applied as needed. The frequency of feeding depends on the type of plant and the type of substrate used in the aquarium.
The soil is cleaned with a siphon. It is a hose with a funnel at the end. A special mesh is attached to the funnel to prevent aquarium inhabitants and small stones from entering the hose. The funnel of the siphon is lowered to the bottom and, turning the soil particles, they begin to clean it from silt, accumulated fish waste products and settled uneaten food.
On a note! When cleaning with a siphon, it is necessary to monitor the water level in the aquarium. For 1 reception, no more than 30% of the volume can be replaced, therefore, when cleaning the bottom, an additional water change is not carried out.
Siphoning the soil on a weekly basis is recommended in aquariums with no or very few plants. In densely planted herbalists, the soil is cleaned once a year or less. The accumulated sludge is a good fertilizer for plants as well as a habitat for nitrifying bacteria. When it is removed, beneficial microorganisms die, and organic matter rising into the water serves as a nutrient medium for algae. In addition, the siphon can damage the plant roots. Therefore, with weekly cleaning, you should only carefully siphon excess dirt from the surface of the soil, without turning it over.
Caring for an aquarium necessarily includes a water change procedure. Its frequency depends on the density of the aquarium population, the number of plants and the demands of the aquarium inhabitants for water quality. You can draw up a schedule of substitutions, focusing on the level of nitrates. It should be in the range of 10-30 mg / l. If the indicator is higher, you need to change the water more often.
For 1 time, they replace 20-30% of the volume of the aquarium. It is advisable to prepare water for this with the same or as close as possible parameters (temperature, hardness, etc.). To bring the indicators back to normal, you can use special conditioners for aquarium water.
The water from the aquarium is drained with a hose, making sure that no fish get inside. Fresh water is also poured through a hose. Slow mixing of new water with old water avoids sudden changes in its parameters and stress in fish.
Another part of aquarium care is décor cleaning. Over time, plaque from algae, fungi and microorganisms accumulates on large stones, snags and other decorations. As a result, objects take on a sloppy appearance. When cleaning the aquarium, the decorations are removed from the water and cleaned from dirt with a stiff brush without the use of detergents. If plaque is light, items can be cleaned directly in the aquarium.
Over time, plaque appears on the glass of the aquarium due to the growth of colonies of microorganisms, fungi and algae. Various tools can be used to remove it:
- Scraper with metal blade. This tool does the job well, but care must be taken when cutting corners to avoid damaging the silicone seams. The scraper is not suitable for cleaning Plexiglas aquariums, because the blade leaves scratches on this material.
- Magnetic scraper. Suitable for deep aquariums and plexiglass containers. When cleaning the walls near the bottom, make sure that no soil particles get between the glass and the scraper, which leave scratches.
- Household sponge. It cleans the walls of the aquarium well, but too hard sponges leave small scratches on the surface, which over time reduce the transparency of the glass.
- Bank plastic card. This device copes well with cleaning glass from plaque and does not leave marks, however, it is not very convenient to use due to the lack of a handle.
The back wall of the aquarium is usually not cleaned. Algae growing on it serve as food for fish and purify water from nitrates and nitrites.
How to properly care for your aquarium
An aquarium is a miniature ecosystem in which the balance is maintained due to complex biological and hydrochemical processes constantly occurring in an artificial reservoir. Participants in these processes are not only fish and plants, but also such inhabitants of the aquarium as molluscs, crustaceans, protozoa, bacteria, fungi and algae. Constantly interacting with each other, they affect the well-being of the entire artificial reservoir. In order for all processes in it to proceed smoothly, it is necessary to properly care for the aquarium and take care of its inhabitants.
Daily care of the aquarium and fish is simple and usually takes no more than 10-20 minutes. It includes inspection and feeding of the inhabitants of the artificial reservoir, as well as checking the operation of the equipment.
Inspection of the equipment is carried out in the morning after turning on all the devices. In this case, it is necessary to make sure that the heater, compressor, filter and lamps are in good working order. All devices must operate at the specified parameters, without failures and extraneous sounds. After assessing the condition of the equipment, they start feeding aquatic organisms.
Fish should be fed daily or every other day. Fry is fed more often than adult fish. During feeding, it is convenient to inspect the aquarium inhabitants, since even secretive individuals leave their shelters in search of food. During the inspection, attention is paid to the appearance and behavior of the fish. The presence of injuries, foreign spots and redness on the trunk, lethargy, refusal to eat or reluctant to eat it, impaired motor activity are the first signs of illness.
The filter in the aquarium has two functions: it traps debris and is a habitat for nitrifying bacteria that purify the water of toxic compounds. Therefore, only a sponge that traps dirt is cleaned, and the other filter elements, which contain beneficial microorganisms, are left intact.
The internal filters are washed weekly and the external filters every few months. To clean the device, it is disassembled and immersed in the water drained from the aquarium. If you rinse the filter in tap water, the beneficial bacteria will die. The sponge and the rotor part of the device are cleaned. Excessive accumulation of dirt on these parts of the device reduces the filter throughput.
Choosing an aquarium and underwater inhabitants
In fact, an aquarium for beginners should be at least 50-70 liters, it is in this volume that it will be much easier to maintain the biological balance of your underwater world than in a small 20-liter “jar”. It is this volume that will allow you to keep a fairly large variety of fish, which will stably grow and develop and, even, possibly, give offspring.
Then the question arises, what to put inside the aquarium? You need to start from the ground, without it, the fish will be extremely uncomfortable in their new home. The best option would be small pebbles, ideally if you can pick it up by size and even color scheme, because variegated fish, best of all, will look against the background of dark pebbles.
It is also important that the soil becomes a substrate for the majority of underwater plants, in which their rooting, feeding and reproduction takes place. Take care of the plants. there should be enough of them so that calm species of fish can hide and rest in them from more active roommates.
It is best to choose natural plants, artificial ones, of course, look more beautiful and cause less trouble, but, from the point of view of maintaining an ideal microcosm, natural ones are still preferable.
Further, most importantly, are the underwater inhabitants. When settling in your underwater world, it is important to consider the compatibility of fish, so your aquarium will be easier to maintain. First of all, you need to look at the size: very large species will not get along with small ones, because the latter are at risk of being eaten by more aggressive roommates.
The most popular aquarium fish have been live-bearers for many decades, that is, those that reproduce by already formed independent fry. Usually, these fish are unpretentious in care, do not require any complex feeding and reproduction schemes, but, nevertheless, they can please with their varied shape, size and color.
The most popular inhabitants of the home aquarium are guppies, swordtails, mollies, and platies. All these species require approximately the same care conditions, get along well in one aquarium and can please with a variety of impressive colors. Of the spawning fish, the most popular are catfish, especially speckled.
Also the classics of the genre of many aquarists, cockerels and goldfish have become. Caring for them, however, is a little more difficult than, for example, for guppies, and the traditional round aquarium, which is often used for such pets, is not suitable, rectangular and elongated forms of aquariums are better suited.
How to properly care for fish in an aquarium?
A home aquarium is an impressive and even charming sight, of course, only if it is well-groomed and replete with colorful underwater inhabitants.
Psychologists say that when slowly examining the aquarium, we relax and calm down, take a break from everyday and everyday problems, thanks to the unhurried and graceful movements of the fish, all worries and troubles fade into the background. So, it turns out that a home aquarium is not only beautiful, but also useful.!
For some reason, some people have the opinion that aquarium fish are the simplest and not fastidious pets, they say, they do not require special attention, but experienced aquarists know perfectly well that this is not an easy and painstaking work that requires increased perseverance and observation.
A home aquarium is a real underwater world, a small area of special microflora and fauna that must be constantly maintained at the proper level.
So that you can boast of a beautiful aquarium, as in the picture, in which healthy and happy fish frolic, you will have to make a lot of effort, as well as a little understanding of its structure and the required conditions for keeping underwater inhabitants. It is important even for a novice amateur to know how to care for aquarium fish so that they not only survive, but also reach their real size, give offspring and delight you with their natural behavior.
Highlights when caring for an aquarium
Remember that your home underwater world requires daily attention, which includes not only feeding, but maintaining the basic parameters of the habitat. To make the fish feel comfortable, be sure to control the temperature of the water, turn on the heater if necessary.
Live-bearers get along well in the temperature range from 18 °.28 °, however, if you want to achieve active reproduction of a particular species, the temperature regime must be set separately, in accordance with its narrow requirements.
Take care of the purity and hardness of the water, it should be transparent, without unnecessary suspensions, with a pH of about 6.5-8. Once a week, it is necessary to replace 1/3 of all water with fresh water, equal in temperature and hardness to the one that remained in the aquarium.
Make sure that the filter does not clog and that the compressor runs stably: they circulate and aerate the water in your underwater pool, remove some dissolved substances and harmful bacteria.
Take care of lighting: since most aquarium fish are from the tropics, they should have at least 10-12 hours of daylight. There are even special sockets-timers that regulate daylight hours in your absence.
Another important point is proper nutrition. Usually it is produced 1-2 times a day for adults and up to 4 times a day if fry live in the aquarium. It is difficult to answer the question of how much feed will be needed for feeding, since the volumes are set exclusively empirically. It is necessary to pour exactly as much feed into the feeder as your inhabitants can eat it in 5-10 minutes, and if there is something left, it is important to remove the remains so that it does not rot and spoil the microflora.
It is also undesirable for fish to overeat, so do not overdo it. What kind of food to use depends on your underwater inhabitants, usually it is “dry” (dried daphnia or special dry mixes) or “live” (bloodworm or tubifex). There is also frozen food. it is important to thaw them before throwing them into the aquarium.
Every day, it is necessary to ensure that the condition of the fish does not worsen, if there are any suspicious symptoms, it is better to put the sick fish in “quarantine” and treat it there so that others do not catch the ailment, and there are a lot of them in the aquarium inhabitants.
Be sure to monitor the appearance of rot or growths on the fins, strange blisters and spots, the disease is still best treated in the initial stages.
It is better to do a complete cleaning of the aquarium with the settling of fish and a complete replacement of the water no more than once every 3-4 months, although this moment may also depend on the volume of the aquarium and the species inhabiting it. Excessive passion for constantly complete cleaning will not lead to anything good, because it is just as harmful as a very dirty aquarium.
Settling the aquarium
Before starting aquarium fish at home, you need to think about which species of fish will live in the aquarium, how many there will be, which species are not considered predators, and which ones can live together. The fact is that settling fish in their new home is perhaps the most difficult event in caring for them. By itself, caring for aquarium fish is not difficult. It is necessary to take into account all the behaviors and behavioral reactions inherent in each species as a whole, and each individual separately. So, for example, fish, accustomed to live only in a flock of their own kind, quickly wither and die, living alone in an aquarium.
Fish of different species die quickly, for which different habitats and water temperatures are needed. An aquarium looks well-groomed and beautiful if the same ecological environment prevails in it, that is, both the fish and the plant, and the very internal structure of the aquarium, are designed in the same style. If some tenants already live in the aquarium, and the owner decided to add new fish, then they cannot be immediately placed with the old tenants. There are a few caveats to this. First of all, the fish may not get along with each other, even though the owner has studied all the literature and purchased the fish of the vila that he already has, or that may exist together.
It is imperative to install a special aerator in the aquarium. It is recommended to supply air for at least eight hours every day. And, if you transfer the aeration system to round-the-clock operation, or at least to a twelve-hour mode of operation, then a significantly larger number of residents can be populated in any aquarium. than is provided by the corresponding volume, according to the norms.
In addition to details about the main inhabitants of the aquarium, the owner should know everything about the very habitat of the fish. And these nuances are many. the composition of the water (its hardness and acidity), the conditions for aeration and filtration of the aquarium, the quality and types of food, how to illuminate the aquarium, how often the water needs to be changed and what temperature it should be.
The main thing, of course, for the correct and comfortable living of fish in the aquarium, the most important is the water and its composition. Even water that has been standing for a day is not always suitable for some species of fish, since during this time harmful components, especially chlorine, do not have time to leave, and it is necessary to defend the water for at least 3 days. You can do it easier, and not wait so many days. just heat the water to 17 degrees and then cool it down. Thus, the water is freed from excess oxygen, which is very harmful to fish.
It is necessary to change the water in the aquarium once every 7-8 days, updating the aquarium each time only more than one third. The fact is that for some species of fish, a change of water is a change of habitat, which can provoke stress in fish, for such species, the water is changed only by one-fifth of the total volume of water in the aquarium.
How to care for aquarium fish
They say that you can stare at the fire for an infinitely long time. No less fascinating spectacle. fish sliding in the water, you can watch them for hours, and it does not bother you. In addition, it is well known that, observing the unhurried movements of fish in an aquarium, peace and tranquility condescend to a person, to put it simply. an aquarium in the house, this is just wonderful.
Control over aquarium equipment
Aquarium fish require some daily maintenance, it does not take much time, but it must be done every day. And it is good to understand what aquarium fish are, caring for them, and in this case everything will be all right.
First of all, grooming concerns maintaining all the constant parameters of the environment to which the fish are accustomed. Every day you need to check the water temperature, do not forget to turn on the heater in time if the temperature drops below normal, and, conversely, turn it off if the water overheats. Daily procedures include checking the condition of the filter, cleaning it if it is clogged. Compressor checks are also part of the daily routine. If the room is dark, then you need to turn on the backlight.
It is also necessary to maintain a constant water level in the aquarium every day, if it drops, add settled (prepared in advance) water. It is imperative to remember that it is strictly forbidden to put foreign objects in the aquarium, firstly, this can scare the fish, and, secondly, they can contain bacteria that are harmful to fish. In addition, aquarium fish do not tolerate tobacco smoke well, so it is better not to smoke in the room where the aquarium is located.
You need to feed the fish once or twice a day, if they are already adults, and the fry are fed at least four times a day. The amount of food that is given once varies depending on the species of fish. most often, the amount is determined empirically, simply by checking how much food the fish can handle so that large surpluses do not remain. they clog both the water in the aquarium and the filters. However, you need to be careful not to overfeed the fish, this is also harmful to their health.
Mandatory procedures include a daily check of the condition of not only fish, but also water, habitat and plants. The slightest discrepancy in the color of the leaves of plants should immediately alert, such algae must be removed and discarded. They also do with suspicious growths (they are cleaned off the walls with special tools). If the fish show any signs of disease. a change in color, dark spots, the swimming mode has changed, such fish are instantly deposited in a separate aquarium. “in quarantine” so that the rest of the inhabitants do not become infected. It is not possible to determine what the fish is sick with on your own, you must immediately contact a specialist.
You can clean the aquarium thoroughly, that is, you can do the so-called general cleaning twice a month. For this, all fish are transplanted into a spare aquarium, trying to provide them with the most similar conditions, and begin to clean the aquarium. During this, first of all, all the water is drained, the bottom, walls are cleaned, and they are cleaned of accumulated feed residues, dust and waste. After that, they thoroughly wash the aquarium several times, clean and wash the filter. With cleaning, the situation is like this, on the one hand, you cannot often disturb the fish, and on the other hand, you cannot but clean the aquarium.
Here, perhaps, are all the rules that need to be adhered to when having an aquarium at home, there is nothing difficult in how to care for aquarium fish, it takes a little time, and brings a lot of pleasure and joy to the life of the owners.
How to feed your fish?
Another important question that worries many is how to feed the fish, and how often to do it. The most important point to remember is that guppy fish are very small. This means that their stomach is very small. Therefore, the feed should be small grains. At the same time, it is advisable to make the pet diet as varied as possible. You can pick up dry food, and frozen, and even live.
To improve digestion, fish can also be given special flakes. They contain many plant substances. Regarding the frequency of feeding, we can say that guppy fish can eat no more than 2 times a day. over, the portions should be small all the time.
Features of the content of guppies
Perhaps the most popular pets among those people who are just starting to populate their first aquariums are guppy fish. They are graceful, bright and immediately attract attention. It’s a pleasure to watch such underwater creatures. Let’s talk about how to properly keep guppies so that they delight you as long as possible.
The decorations are also a very important detail. Of course, their main task is to decorate the underwater world. In addition, they can also serve as a refuge for fish. Sometimes they need to hide somewhere or hide from what they perceive as danger.
To prevent guppies from getting hurt, the bottom should be lined with polished gravel or sand. Fish will be able to burrow there. It will also be convenient to place decorative structures on it and plant underwater plants. To make the fish more interesting in the aquarium, you can additionally install decorative caves, clay pots or even mini-grottoes in it. The number of decorations depends on the size of the aquarium. They should not prevent fish from swimming freely.
In nature, guppies live in warm climates, near the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The water is clean and warm. Therefore, it is advisable to install a heater in the aquarium so that the water temperature does not change sharply, and the fish feel “at ease”. The best option is a temperature from 23 to 26 degrees.
If there is a need to stimulate the reproduction of pets or fry already live in the spawning grounds, it is worth raising the temperature by a degree or two.
Choosing an aquarium
Since the guppy fish themselves are small, they should select the appropriate aquarium. As a rule, these are containers with a volume of 25 or 50 liters. If it is not planned to share some larger neighbors, then this will be quite enough for the guppy. However, here it is worth considering the fact that if the container is populated with too many fish, then they will experience discomfort, and maybe even injure each other. Therefore, with the replenishment of your collection, you need to make sure that there is enough space for everyone and, if necessary, relocate guppies.
The aquarium must have a built-in filtration system. This is a reliable way to keep the water clean and your fish healthy. The condition of the filter must be monitored on an ongoing basis. As soon as it starts to darken, it is worth replacing it without delay. In this case, you need to act gradually. If you replace the entire filter at once, then ammonia, which appears in the water due to the fact that fish waste is floating there, will poison the water. Therefore, it is customary to cut the sponge in half and replace it in turn. If activated carbon is used instead of sponges, then it is enough just to replace it with a new portion.
Do not forget about changing the water. This should be done on a regular basis, at least once every 2 weeks. Ideally, every week you just need to replace a quarter of your total water with fresh water. Another important detail is the air pump. It saturates the water with oxygen, which is also important for the normal existence of fish. You can also place live plants at the bottom of the aquarium. They are known to give off oxygen too.
The most popular options are elodea, aponogeton and anubias.
What else is needed for content?
Having dealt with the basic needs of the fish, it is worth paying attention to other points that will help guppies come to terms with their new home.
- Compatibility with neighbors. Guppies are quite peaceful fish that get along well with almost everyone. But because of the size, it should be borne in mind that larger and more predatory neighbors can easily start hunting guppies. Therefore, you should carefully select those who will live in the same aquarium with them. The best option is the neighborhood with the same small fish. For example, neons, tarakatums and others.
- Pairing. Those who plan to breed guppies in the future should initially buy fish in pairs. Determining which gender an underwater creature belongs to is not so difficult. Males are usually slimmer and slightly smaller in size. But they have a larger tail fin. Females differ not only in their size, but also in paler color. Even among the fry, males can be immediately identified. they are the first to acquire a bright color.
Otherwise, keeping guppies at home is very simple. These aquarium fish do not require any special living conditions. the main thing is to choose the right temperature for them and their “neighbors”.
Tips for caring for fry
It is necessary to take care of guppy fish from a very young age. At the same time, you will not have to spend a huge amount of time on this. In most cases, fish manifest themselves as independent creatures. They will find themselves a mate and take care of the offspring. As a rule, couples form immediately after the guppies reach reproductive age. At this time, it is easy enough that there are potential partners in the same aquarium with them.
Determining that a fish is pregnant is quite simple. Her abdomen swells, and the fish becomes even larger. Pregnancy lasts for 1 month. Having noticed such changes, you need to start preparing for an important event. Ideally, you should have a ready-made reservoir for fry on hand. This is necessary so that the newly-made parents do not eat the eggs. This is a completely common occurrence in the animal kingdom. In order for as many fry to survive as possible, it is worth placing live plants in a separate tank in a dense row. There should also be holes for the fry.
It costs about a day to keep a female guppy in a separate tank. After that, it can be planted in a common aquarium. Then you will have to deal only with fry. It is worth noting that they have weaker immunity than adults. Therefore, you can feed them more often so that they grow up and get stronger sooner. Food should be given in small quantities, 3 or 4 times a day. You can use brine shrimp larvae or special food. It is worth keeping the fry in the jig until they grow up, and their size will be at least 2.5 cm in length. Water in a separate tank should also be changed more often.
It is also necessary to avoid contact of fry with unusual plants.
Guppies usually do not cause any problems to their owners. But, if a person engaged in aquaristics is a beginner, he may still face certain difficulties. The first warning for novice breeders is not to buy expensive selection fish. At the beginning of your journey, it is worth picking up simple guppies. Then it will be easy to take care of them.
Bright and rare fish, on the contrary, require specific care. Therefore, even though they may look prettier and immediately attract the attention of buyers, it is better to approach an aquarium with simpler fish. After all, such colorful creatures appear as a result of crossing. And this, as is the case with other representatives of the animal world, makes them weaker and more prone to disease.
Another sign that something has gone wrong is that guppies become lethargic and lethargic. As a rule, in this case, their appetite also disappears.
Also, fish may have problems with their fins. There are several possible options.
In addition, you need to observe how the fish get along in a group. Especially if someone else lives in the aquarium besides the guppy. Some pets show aggression towards their relatives. They certainly need to be resettled so that nothing threatens everyone else. Knowing these simple points, you can protect your fish and make their life in the aquarium calm and peaceful. In general, the vibrant Caribbean guppy fish are an excellent choice for those who do not know where to start settling their aquarium.
Interesting facts about guppies are shown in the following video.