Budgerigar. care, feeding, taming, etc.
Of all animals on earth, birds have the highest body temperature of 41-42 degrees. Therefore, their metabolism, which determines their vital activity, passes very quickly. Parrots all the time need to replenish the supply of nutrients, sometimes even a short starvation leads to death. This means that proper feeding of budgerigars plays an important role, seemingly insignificant omissions in the feeding regime can lead to an unfavorable outcome.
Budgerigars are granivorous birds. At home in Australia, they feed on various grains, mainly kangaroo grass seeds. Under natural conditions, while searching for food, they find a huge variety of all kinds of seeds, berries, branches, greenery, small insects, which parrots cannot get in captivity. But living and reproducing in cages, they easily get used to other foods.
The main food for budgerigars is a grain mixture consisting of seeds of cultivated and wild plants. But grain feed alone does not have a complete set of all the nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of parrots. Therefore, periodically it is necessary to give the birds additional and mineral feed, but in smaller quantities than grain. The favorite grain feed, which is part of the mixture for parrots, is millet. white, yellow, red. It makes up 65% of the grain mixture. Replacing millet with millet is unacceptable, as this will lead to serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Another component is oats. 20%. If there are no oats, you can replace it with oatmeal.
The third component of the grain mixture is canary seed. 10% of the total mixture. It is the most nutritious food for parrots, containing protein, fats, phosphate lime, a certain amount of mineral salts and partly replacing a boiled chicken egg. However, excessive consumption of canary seed can cause budgie obesity.
Parrots also willingly eat seeds of weeds. plantain and dandelion, which can be prepared for future use for the whole winter. Plantain spikelets should be collected in bouquets and hung in a dry place to dry. Dandelion seeds are harvested when white fluff appears on the heads. It needs to be cut with scissors, and the seeds collected in bags.
In addition to the grain mixture, budgerigars need to be given various complementary foods: cereals, boiled chicken eggs, low-fat cottage cheese. Porridge should be crumbly, otherwise the parrots will not eat them. Birds eat well porridge made from crushed rice with the addition of millet. Parrots must be accustomed to this food from an early age, otherwise adult birds eat it reluctantly.
Cool-boiled fresh chicken egg is an excellent nutritious and vitamin food for young birds, as well as during the nesting period. It contains protein, fats, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and vitamins A, B, D. The egg needs to be boiled for 7-8 minutes. Finely chopped, mixed with semolina or crushed white breadcrumbs, slightly salted chicken egg is given at the rate of 4-5 g per parrot.
Fresh cottage cheese is fed dry, mainly during the breeding season of budgerigars. In order to make the cottage cheese dry, sprinkle it with semolina, chop with a knife and mix. You can add a little grated carrots to this mixture. they are necessary for the nutrition of budgerigars. Parrots eat this food with great appetite.
Fresh grated carrots, sometimes mixed with white breadcrumbs, are a healthy, nutritious food for budgerigars. It is prepared quite simply. Carrots, grated, are mixed with white crushed breadcrumbs in such a ratio that they do not stick to your fingers while stirring. You can add a little pounded dried herbs. Grated carrots are indispensable in winter and spring, when there is little greenery.
It is very useful to feed parrots, especially during the period of feeding chicks, grains of wheat, oats, barley, rye that have sprouted without soil. Such grains contain many vitamins E, B. For germination, rinse the grains in the morning with warm water, drain it and refill it, leaving it until evening. Then rinse the swollen seeds in a sieve under running water, then place them in a vessel with water and leave them until morning. The next day, the grains will “pick up” and a small amount of them can be fed to the parrots. Sprouted grains should be washed daily with water so that they do not dry out and lose their beneficial properties.
Green food, which is source of vitamins and mineral salts for budgerigars, is given to birds in moderation. Parrots are very fond of apples, dandelion leaves, wood lice, lettuce, cabbage. You cannot give parsley and dill. it acts on parrots like poison.
By observing your feathered pets you can determine their appetite. Typically, a budgerigar needs 20-25 g of grain mixture per day (a full tablespoon). If this is not enough, you can increase the rate. Young birds that have just emerged from the nest consume more feed than adults.
The cereal mixture should be given so much that the parrots eat it without a trace. With a large amount of food, they will find their favorite seeds, and leave others untouched. If you put less mixture than required in the feeder, the parrots will go hungry. Both are harmful.
It is better to spread additional feed every other day. It is better to do this in the morning so that they do not deteriorate and sour. At night, soft foods and mixtures must be removed from the cage. However, you should not give these feeds all together. Better to follow the order.
Vegetables, fruits, greens should be given to budgerigars daily. Mineral stone or chalk must also be in the cage at all times.
Choice, care, budgies
If you want to have parrots in your apartment, it is best to buy young birds. They get used to new conditions more easily, give offspring faster, in addition, they are much faster and more interesting than old, overstretched birds.
Signs of a healthy individual are smooth movements, tight-fitting feathers, shiny lively eyes. Sluggish and crumpled birds with wrinkled waxes and beaks and exfoliation should not be taken on them: they are either old or sick. It is also not recommended to purchase young parrots with poor plumage. These birds are bred as a result of closely related mating and they will never have good plumage.
Good food, cleanliness of the cage, a bright place and the absence of cold and stuffiness are the main living conditions for a bird in a cage. The bright part of the room is best suited for keeping budgerigars. However, the cage should not be placed very close to the window so that there is no draft, which parrots, like other birds, are very afraid of, as well as near heating appliances. It is recommended to place the cage at the height of human growth. Do not smoke where birds are. For budgerigars, the length of daylight is of great importance, which should be 12-14 hours a day in summer and 10-12 hours in winter. On the short days of autumn and winter, it is best to turn on electric lights For a room of 15-18 sq. m requires illumination of 100-150 W, then the parrots will feel great and have time to eat the daily feed rate. In general, the more light, especially sunshine, the better feathered pets behave.
A cage for budgies should have a pull-out bottom (pallet), perches, feeders for grain and additional feed, a jar for mineral feed, and a drinking bowl for water. The perches are made of strong wood. They must have different diameters so that the movement of the bird’s fingers is different. The most suitable thickness of perches is 1.2-1.4 cm. The number and length of perches depends on the size of the cage, but there should be at least two of them. They put the perches so that it is easy for budgerigars to jump from one to the other, barely flapping their wings, and so that, being on the perch, they do not pollute food and water with their feces. Once a month, during the general cleaning of the cells, the perches are removed and cleaned or replaced with new ones. They should be fastened firmly so that they are motionless, otherwise the parrots in a dream may fall off and get scared.
Most convenient for feeding budgerigars are plastic or porcelain feeders, they are easy to clean and very hygienic.
There are now many handy drinkers on the market. The water in them does not clog, it is kept clean and fresh. The water needs to be defended so that the chlorine evaporates, and then poured into the drinking bowl. The presence of chlorine in drinking water is harmful to budgerigars. The water should be changed daily, in hot weather twice a day. In winter and spring, it is very useful to add 3-4 drops of lemon juice to the water, which is recommended to squeeze directly from the lemon. This disinfects the water and helps to strengthen the feathers of the birds.
Like all birds, wavy parrots have a change of plumage, or molt. With proper care and feeding, this process is almost imperceptible. The feathers that wear out are pulled out by the birds themselves. The first change of feathers begins at 4-6 months and ends at the end of the first year of life. Further molt takes place throughout the year, with the exception of the incubation period.
Sometimes the bird begins to molt from a draft, exhaustion, or a cold. This does not mean the disease, but at this time the birds must be protected from drafts and colds, supplementing the feed with components necessary for the growth of new plumage (canary seed, eggshell, greens).
During and after molting, budgerigars are advised to give liquid vitamins. They strengthen the feather and make it more elastic.
Budgerigars are always gnawing on something, so it is very useful to put fresh branches of linden, rowan or other deciduous trees in the cage. The bark and buds of fresh branches contain many different vitamins and minerals that are very useful for birds. In addition, they will not grow too much the tip of the beak, which interferes with eating food. Before you give the parrot branches, it is recommended to wash them well, rinse them several times with boiling water and water with a small amount of apple cider vinegar to exclude the ingress of parasites and infections.
Cleanliness in cages is the key to the health of budgies. Dirt and dampness both in the cage and in the room lead to various diseases. Therefore, the cage should be cleaned as often as possible. A cage with two parrots in the summer needs to be cleaned every other day, in the winter 2-3 times a week.
Once a month, you need to carry out a general cleaning of the cage. After cleaning it from dirt, it should be washed with a decoction of dry chamomile flowers. It is a good disinfectant, completely harmless to parrots. Twice a year, it is recommended to treat the cage with neostomosan, then rinse it several times with water and chamomile decoction, let it air well. At the same time, parrots must be in a temporary cage. !
Taming and training budgies
In nature, there are birds that, without any preparation, imitate the cries and singing of other birds, and are also able to imitate human speech. It is believed that only large parrots can be trained to speak, but small budgerigars are often taught to speak. Some of them turn out to be extremely capable.
Before you can teach a parrot to speak, it should be tamed. For this, a young parrot is gradually tamed to the hand, giving him food, porridge, and an apple. At first, the bird may refuse such feeding, but, having got used to it, it will come by itself. When it starts to sit on its finger, you can gradually take it out of the cage.
Taming and training requires, above all, patience, endurance, perseverance and close contact with budgerigars. this is the only way to achieve success. With a gentle and calm attitude towards it, any bird can be tamed over time. When feeding a parrot, you must repeat his name all the time. The parrot will eventually get used to you and say its name. After that, gradually increase the number of words and short phrases that you want to teach him. Words and phrases should be pronounced appropriately. Budgerigars perceive female and children’s voices better than male ones. Sometimes the parrot gets used to the owner, takes food from his hands, sits on his shoulder, on his hand, but does not speak. In this case, do not despair, continue your regular activities. If you do not succeed in everything, you cannot be rude with a parrot, apply physical pressure. Parrots have an excellent memory, and they remember grudges for a long time, as well as the words you teach them.
If you have taught your budgie to speak, you need to practice with him regularly so that he does not forget what he learned over time.
Choosing a home for a parrot
And if you still decide to buy yourself a parrot, then you need to purchase a cage in which the parrot will then live. It is also necessary to give the parrot the opportunity to fly freely around the apartment, since it will not withstand long in a confined space. A sedentary lifestyle will negatively affect your pet’s health. The bird cage should be located in a well-lit place, but you need to be careful that the sun does not cause discomfort to your pet. All parrots are very fond of sunlight, but from time to time they should be in the shade. You shouldn’t place the cage in the kitchen. over, it should not be placed in the bathroom. In addition, we do not recommend installing it in a room with a computer.
Clean the cage daily. Plus, wash it weekly. The bottom of the cage can be sent with thick paper sprinkled with sand on top. Also, to create coziness and comfort, there should be at least two perches in the cage, a drinking bowl, as well as a feeder, and do not forget about a small bath. It is well known that this species of birds is very fond of rings, mirrors and bells. However, it is not recommended to hang these toys right away. The reason is that your pet is scared, because it is for the first time in your house and is not used to it yet, and extraneous sounds and reflections will scare and annoy him.
If you purchased only one bird, then he will not cause you any inconvenience with his voice. But, if you decide to settle several of these birds, they can cause you discomfort with their constant chirping. Also, you need to pay attention to the fact that parrots get along great in any quantity, wonderfully coexist with other birds and endure big frosts.
And budgerigars have a long life span. Some individuals live for more than 20 years. This is important, because it is not easy to part with pets, because we are used to them as to family members. By the way, budgerigars get used to their owners and recognize them perfectly by their voice and other signs.
How to properly care for budgerigars
Animals and birds tamed by man are full members of our families. That is why each of our pet needs proper and individual care.
Even if your pet is a bird like budgerigar. Proper care of a parrot has its own characteristics. Therefore, I want to introduce you to the article: “Caring for a budgie”.
Features of caring for a budgie
The bird that I will talk about is a house parrot, the budgerigar is a species of flat-tailed parrots. The budgerigar is a very cute bird, and it easily adapts to life in captivity with appropriate care. When starting a budgerigar in an apartment, you must first of all understand that you will be responsible for the comfort of his stay and his fate. But if you do not have enough time, for proper care of the parrot, it is better to abandon this venture. In principle, this bird is from the category of pets that will not give you problems. You must be ready to constantly deal with your feathered pet.
Parrots are just those birds that almost all people like. They are very active, bright and small. Parrots have a very diverse coloring, so you can choose exactly the color of the wavy friend he likes. You need to know that it is impossible to determine the sex of a parrot before the age of one month.
The key to a long and wonderful life of a pet is its proper nutrition. Basically, the diet of a parrot should be a grain mixture, its composition: oats or oatmeal. 20% millet. 60%. Like canaries, give weed seeds. 10%, sunflower seeds. 10%. Also, to fortify the diet of a parrot, it is necessary to cook porridge for him with water and without adding oils. You should also pamper your birds with treats such as fresh fruits and vegetables. And it is important to monitor the freshness and purity of the water in the drinking bowl. Fresh and clean water is vital for your pet.
Many owners find it nice to have their pets talk. Everyone wants to show off their pet’s speech to the guests, it’s still nice when your pet speaks almost meaningful speeches. Sometimes it seems to the owners of these birds that the birds not only copy sounds, but also express their thoughts. In order for the bird to delight you with its vocabulary, you need to deal with it regularly. There is a misconception that a parrot should have one teacher. But it is not so. The basic rule of teaching is that people should talk to the bird regularly and as often as possible, repeat the same words to him, with the same intonation. The main thing is daily work, which will then bring joy to your home! At the first stage, say simple words to the parrot. The learning process should be similar to the child’s learning process. And then his words will delight you and those around you.!
I hope purchasing a parrot will bring joy to your home.!
What you need to know before making a purchase?
A new pet in the house is not only a joy, but also a great responsibility. In this regard, you will have some problems and limitations. Therefore, before answering the question of how to keep and properly care for the budgerigar at home, I will tell you about the limitations that the owners of these birds have. There are several facts to consider here:
- Budgerigars get up early and sing well. Therefore, every time in the morning you will hear a funny song from your bird.
- You will have to put things in order every day in the room where the pet lives, as it will litter a lot with feathers, various scraps of paper, husks from food, droppings and the like.
- If there are many flowers or other plants in your house, then you will need to remove them from the room where the bird will live. The fact is that when you release the parrot, it may gnaw the leaves of the plants, taste the earth. All this can lead to poisoning and infection with helminths.
- and caring for budgies at home will make you refuse to use various perfumes, aerosols, fresheners, smoking, painting nails, cooking food, etc. in the room where the bird (birds) live. Budgerigars (both females and males) have a very sensitive respiratory system. Therefore, such fragrances can seriously harm their health.
- Morally and financially, be prepared for the fact that parrots may develop various diseases. You may also find yourself allergic to a feathered friend. All this leads to a waste of time and money, since you cannot do without timely medical assistance.
- In no case should you leave the bird alone for a long time. If you decide to go somewhere to rest, then the duration of the rest should be no more than two days. Otherwise, you need to find a person in advance who could take care of the pet for some time, and introduce them to each other.
Being prepared for these circumstances shows that purchasing a budgerigar is for you. Next, let’s talk about what are the rules for the care and maintenance of such birds.
About proper care and maintenance of budgies
Surely everyone wants their pet to live happily ever after. Such a life is impossible without some effort on the part of the owners. You will learn what you need to do to provide the budgerigar with proper care at home and thereby help your bird live as long as possible, you will learn in this article.
- granulated feed,
Sometimes, in small amounts, you can give:
- boiled chicken,
- sweet pastries.
Do not give sweets often! Their use leads to over-activity.
Never give salty, pickled and fried foods, avocados, strawberries, papayas, alcoholic milk, tea and coffee drinks, cocoa, chocolate, meat and fish products.
The parrot should always have clean water in the drinker. Also, in addition to fresh water, he needs vitamins and minerals, which contain large amounts of phosphorus and calcium. Therefore, it is recommended to give the bird limestone. Also, the presence of grains of sand and small pebbles in the diet of a parrot helps the work of its digestive tract. Therefore, make sure that your feathered friend can receive these elements important to his health.
How many times a day to feed the budgerigar?
Usually, once a day is sufficient. During the day, the bird eats a special mixture of grains, the amount of which is approximately two or two and a half teaspoons. If you notice that this feed rate is not enough, that the bird does not eat up during the day, then there are 2 options for action:
- add another 1/2 teaspoon;
- feed 2 times a day, dividing the daily rate in half.
You should not feed your feathered pet only dry food! In nature, they do not feed on dry grain. They should have a varied diet.!
The conditions for keeping, breeding and caring for budgies at home provide for communication. Budgerigars need to communicate either with a person, or with relatives. It is better if the bird has the opportunity to spend time with the owner and with other birds. Monotony, boredom, lack or lack of communication lead to health problems. The pet may become depressed and pluck its feathers.
So talk and play with the bird every day. Also let go so she can fly freely in the room.
Before releasing a parrot on a free flight, check that doors, refrigerators, windows, washing machines, and so on are closed. In addition, you must first hide or close all objects containing water. For example, a bathroom and toilet. Open aquariums and full glasses are also not a place in a room where a parrot will fly. The fact is that, perhaps, he will want to swim, get drunk and drown.
Watch out for the parrot so that nothing happens to it. And, of course, if you have other animals at home (cats, dogs, etc.) that are not averse to playing or hunting for a bird, remove them from the room with the parrot.
Of course, you won’t always be with your feathered pet, so make sure he has toys. Huge happiness to a parrot can be brought by the settling of another bird to him, which would become his mate. Taking proper care of budgies means not only looking after them, but also their offspring. That is, to create all the conditions for the birds to take care of their chicks. If you have a male and a female, then they will need a nest house with a nest for chicks.
Clean the cage at least twice each week. To do this, use warm water. It should not contain any of the substances that you normally use in your home for cleaning or cleaning something. That is, do not use powders, floor fluids, etc. to care for the parrot’s home. Make sure you have a cleaning brush. For these purposes, for example, an unnecessary, used toothbrush is perfect.
Conditions of detention
Budgerigars are native to Australia, where the climate is arid and hot, with occasional heavy rainfall. Proper care of these birds requires them in suitable climatic conditions so that parrots feel comfortable at different periods of their lives (during the period when birds molt, adapt or reproduce).
To ensure the correct conditions of detention, it is important to observe:
- light mode;
- temperature regime;
- permissible air humidity in the room where the cage is located.
Light mode for parrots
This mode implies not only the change of day and night so that the birds are awake and sleeping in time, but also the brightness of the light in the room. Lighting is so important to birds because vision is one of the most important organs of perception in their environment. With the help of vision, birds orient themselves in space, choose the most suitable food. Lack of light causes depressive states in parrots, anomalies in behavioral reactions occur (birds begin to peck feathers from themselves and from other birds). Insufficient lighting causes disruptions in health. the body lacks vitamin D, and, as a result, female parrots fill the nest with unfertilized eggs, and male parrots lose interest in the opposite sex.
The light regime is very important for parrots also because its violation negatively affects the endocrine glands, which are located in the eye area.
For parrots, the night period (the period of rest and sleep) is very important. If the birds do not have enough rest period, their immunity decreases, irritability increases, prolonged stress occurs. the birds get sick.
Therefore, birdwatchers recommend that owners, “night owls” who like to watch TV longer, cover the cage with the pet with a dark cloth so that light and sound do not interfere with sleep.
The length of daylight hours for parrots should be:
- in summer and spring. from 12 to 14 hours;
- in autumn and winter. from 10 to 12 hours.
Ultraviolet light helps the body produce vitamin D, which contributes to the hardness and elasticity of bones. This is why the brightness of the lighting is very important.
In the summer, it is good for parrots to sunbathe. To do this, choose the morning, not hot hours. The birdcage is exposed to the sun for a while, the time of the first five procedures is no more than 5 minutes. After adaptation of the pet to the sun, the time for “tanning” is gradually increased to 30 minutes.
Daylight hours should not be too long or too short, as a deviation to either side can lead to a deterioration in the health of the bird.
The air humidity in the room should be as close as possible to the natural habitats of the wavy. Rains are not frequent in Australia, but the air humidity constantly fluctuates around 55-70%.
What is the danger of excessively dry air in the room for a parrot:
- skin diseases;
- loss and fragility of feathers;
- prolonged molting period;
- depressed state;
- to the fact that the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose and mouth suffers;
- to lower immunity;
- to increase the likelihood of respiratory and viral diseases.
In order to avoid these unpleasant consequences, there should always be a bath with bathing water in the cage. Budgerigars flounder in the water with pleasure.
Wavy lines feel bad at too high room temperatures. The optimal room temperature for their maintenance is considered to be 22–25 ° С. Protect the bird from sudden fluctuations in air temperature and drafts.
Parrots do not have sweat glands, so when they overheat, they raise their wings, open their beak and stretch their neck. this helps them lower body temperature to an acceptable.
How to determine heatstroke in a parrot:
- the bird has heavy breathing;
- trembling in the body;
- staggering legs;
- disorientation in space;
- loss of consciousness.
How to Give Your Budgie a Bath | Learn All About
If the pet is sick and its body temperature has dropped significantly, it is important to warm the bird. For this, ordinary bulbs (40-60 W) or special ornithological lamps for heating are perfect.
In winter, there are interruptions in heating, and in order to raise the air temperature, an air heater can be installed in the room. When installing the heater, it is important to remember that it should not be placed next to the cage.
How to distinguish between a female and a male
In budgerigars, you can distinguish the male from the female by the color of the wax (growth at the base of the beak).
What the color of the wax says:
- light purple is a young male;
- bright blue. adult male;
- light blue. a young female;
- light brown or dark brown. sexually mature female.
Feathers on the female’s forehead have a fluorescent property and glow under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Ornithologists are convinced that an unusual speck is provided by nature to attract males of this breed to a female.
Features of caring for budgies at home
Budgerigars are birds that get along well with their owners, do not get bored in captivity, and therefore they are most often chosen by bird lovers as pets.
If you plan to house these bright and sociable birds, then you need to familiarize yourself with the information on how to care for a wavy parrot.
This knowledge will help to arrange a feathered pet with the most comfort possible for him.
How to choose a home for a parrot
If the family has come to the decision that a feathered pet is needed in the house, you need to think about where and how he will live. For a parrot to be comfortable and cozy, he needs his own house. a cage. There is an opinion that the absence of a cell causes the death of parrots even before they reach the age of three. When choosing a cage, several factors need to be taken into account: size, shape, height, lattice density, installation of devices necessary for the life of a bird.
Arrangement of the cell
After purchasing the cage, you need to equip it for the convenience of the bird. Several perches are placed in it. Such perches are located in places where a sitting parrot does not litter a drinking bowl with water or a bowl of food with droppings, the bird’s tail should not reach the walls of the cage.
The following tree species are suitable for perches:
- oak, beech, maple, birch. these will be durable and strong seat supports;
- willow. these will be healing perches;
- apple, pear, cherry, plum, mountain ash. these will be “tasty” seats containing minerals and vitamins.
Drinkers and feeders are installed in the cage. There may be one or two drinking containers, the water in them needs to be changed every day.
Usually three feeders are needed:
- for mineral feeding (crushed eggshells, red clay, sand, charcoal);
- for solid feed (millet and other grains);
- for soft feed.
Birds love to swim, especially in the hot season, and use drinking bowls for this. During bathing, water splashes, the cage becomes dirty, down and feathers scatter in all directions. This can be avoided by purchasing a special bathing container. This “bathing suit” has transparent walls that protect the cage from splashing. It can be hung from the ceiling of the cage.
To ensure that the cage is always clean, and the owner can quickly and conveniently remove it, the bottom of the cage is made retractable. Such a bottom is easy to pull out, shake out of debris or wash. At a height of 1.5 to 3 cm from the bottom, a fine-mesh network is fixed in the cage. Such a net is needed so that the birds do not gnaw on dirty food (that fell to the bottom of the cage and mixed with the droppings).
It is easier to start teaching a small parrot, but it is quite possible to teach the pronunciation of some words and adult birds. Both females and males are trainable, but wavy pairs in a pair refuse training. If the bird has learned to speak before it has found a soul mate, it will continue to talk and can teach this to its mate.
Before starting training sessions, the owner must find an approach to his pet, gain his trust and love. The parrot himself must want to communicate, for this a person needs to spend as much time with him as possible.
You can start talking with a parrot as soon as he stops being afraid of a person who has approached the cage. Conversation with affectionate intonations is the main element of taming a bird.
You need to refer to the pet by name, usually the birds are the first to remember exactly their name. It’s good if there is a rolling “r” in the name, such a word is easily remembered and pronounced by parrots, but the birds readily pronounce other melodious names as well. Possible names for parrots:
What You Need to Know Before Getting a Budgie! THE TRUTH About Budgies as Pets
It is very important for future owners to familiarize themselves with what budgerigars eat at home, because ignorance of such an important issue can undermine the health of pets.
Most of the budgerigars’ diet is made up of various colors of millet (yellow, red and white). They also do not refuse oats, sunflower seeds, canary seeds and seeds of wild herbs. A day later, a soft mixture should be included in the bird menu: grated carrots, finely chopped chicken eggs and nettles rubbed into dry dust. If the parrot hatched offspring, then a soft mixture should be given every day. You can change the ingredients of this mixture and replace carrots with red beets and eggs with homemade cheese. After dinner, with grated beets, parrots can get smeared from head to toe in the coloring juice and frighten the owners with an eerie look of feathers for a couple of days.
In winter, sprouted grain feeds (source of minerals and vitamins) are useful for the bird’s body, and in summer, birds are given greens every day (lettuce leaves, dandelion leaves, parsley and dill leaves). It is necessary to ensure that the greens are not treated with insecticides so that the parrots are not poisoned. Also, in winter and summer, branches of fruit trees should be present in the cage, willow branches are very useful.
Periodically, you can treat your pet to a slice of apple peeled from the skin, it is undesirable to give soft fruits (bananas), which can clog the goiter of a bird, and pieces of a white loaf dried in the oven until crisp.
What absolutely should not be given to parrots:
- rye loaf;
- salt or salted foods.
The water in the drinkers is changed every day to avoid stagnation. In winter, you can add a little lemon juice to drinking water; 15 drops of juice are mixed for every 150 g of water. Lemon juice serves as source of vitamin C and at the same time disinfects water.
When parrots are going through particularly difficult periods in their life (they feed their chicks, molt, or have recently been ill), vitamins or fish oil are mixed into their drink or food.
When a new tenant has wound up in the house, the owners need to foresee all dangerous situations for him and prevent them. Caring for budgies is not difficult, but it is worth remembering what is contraindicated for your pet. Dangers lurking at home:
- open vents and doorways. the bird can fly out of the apartment and no longer find its way back;
- mirrored glass surfaces. in flight, the parrot can hit them hard and get injured;
- electrical wiring. parrots love to gnaw everything, if Skoda damages the insulation of the electrical cable, then the bird can be electrocuted;
- poisonous indoor plants. lily, daffodil, amaryllis, dieffenbachia, foxglove, monstera, rhubarb, English ivy, croton are deadly for birds. Conditionally edible for parrots: violet, aloe, ferns, edible fig, gardenia, grape ivy. Your pet can gnaw these flowers and stay alive, but this is best avoided;
- cords from blinds and curtains-threads. the bird can get tangled and die;
- a smoldering cigarette or butts in an ashtray. the parrot can burn itself or eat up tobacco and get poisoned;
- open freezers, washing machines, ventilation grilles. the bird’s curiosity can lead to injury or death;
- water in the bathroom, an aquarium without a lid, a bucket of water. a parrot can drown in them;
- unhindered access to the trash can. having decided to take a closer look at what is interesting there, the bird can be taken out and thrown out along with the trash bag;
- household chemicals, markers, felt-tip pens, insecticides. getting into the gastrointestinal tract or into the respiratory system can tragically end;
- dogs and cats. the cat’s pretended indifference to the feathered neighbor should not weaken your alertness;
- inattention of the owners. an affectionate bird can sit on the side of the sleeping owner; turning over on the other side, a person can crush a fragile pet;
- newspapers. newsprint as a bedding in the cage pan can be source of lead poisoning;
- New Year’s garlands and toys. the parrot’s attention is simply attracted by the festive tinsel and sparkles, after eating which the bird can die, and the parrot certainly needs to try electric garlands on the tooth, which threatens with an electric shock.
Leaving for a short vacation (five to seven days), it is better to leave your pet at home and not give it over for overexposure. Sadness for the absent owners of the bird will help to brighten up a familiar environment, a sufficient amount of food and drink, a native cage, toys, swings and mirrors. By transferring a cage with a parrot to relatives or friends, you inflict much more injury on the parrot than with your short absence.
What to feed your budgie?
Also, parrots need to be given pre-washed fruits and vegetables: carrots, apples, cucumbers, etc. In limited quantities, you can pamper your pets with low-fat cottage cheese and boiled chicken eggs.
DO NOT give your parrots the following foods: potatoes, persimmons, papaya, mango, candied fruit, black loaf, salt, sugar, dairy products, sausage, fried, alcohol, fish, meat, cooked or fried vegetables (containing fats and salt), nuts.
and caring for budgerigars
When purchasing a budgerigar, you should make sure that the bird is comfortable with you. And for this, at least you need to know the conditions of her maintenance, the peculiarities of care and feeding. This will be the topic of our article.
The bird must fly
In order for the budgie to be healthy, in addition to high-quality nutrition, you also need to periodically leave the cage and fly free.
However, when it first appears in a new room, the bird can get scared, huddle somewhere and even get hurt. To avoid unpleasant consequences, before letting the parrot out of the cage for the first time, you need to remove all objects in which it can get entangled (curtains, decorative ornaments), close windows and vents, boxes and glass showcases and remove all household items from the room, except directly the owner of the bird. In addition, it is worth turning off all electrical appliances (for example, a fan).
You should not get the bird out of the cage, it will be better if it comes out on its own, memorizing the way to the “house”.
Choosing a cage for a parrot
The budgie cage should be made of steel rods (galvanized metal is harmful to birds), the optimal distance between which should not exceed 15 mm. It is better to purchase rectangular products, since they are psychologically more acceptable for parrots, and it will be much more convenient for you to fix various devices and toys.
The bottom of the cage should be flat and not slatted, since the parrot is uncomfortable to walk on the bars, in addition, he can get injured or get stuck. By the way, since you need to clean the cage every day, it is better to purchase a product with a convenient pull-out tray.
The minimum size of a cage intended for a “wavy” is: 40 cm. length, 25 cm. width and 40 cm. height (in such a “house” the budgerigar can spread its wings). However, it is better if the size of the cage allows the bird to fly inside it.
Also, the cage should have a feeder (preferably an open type), an autodrinker, a bathtub for bathing (you can just a saucer of water), a mirror, a swing and other toys that will keep the bird busy while you are not at home.
Urgently to the veterinarian!
With mistakes in care or improper nutrition, the budgerigar can get sick. Here are a few signs that you find in your pet, you need to immediately contact the veterinary clinic:
- Litter change;
- Lowered wings;
- Hard breath;
- The bird sits at the bottom of the cage;
- Tail trembling in time with breathing;
- The bird drinks a lot;
- Frequent sneezing
- Plaques, inflammations, growths and other external changes.
What is the norm?
Frequent bowel movements are normal. Parrots go to the toilet 35-50 times a day. The droppings should be odorless, solid enough, dark brown or green in color, depending on the diet of the bird. If the main diet. seeds, then the droppings will be dark green if the main diet. pelleted feed, the droppings will be the same color as the feed. Dry droppings often appear black in color. The urine should be clear. Urata. milky cream color, opaque, chalk-like.
Some rules for daily care of a budgerigar
Pay attention to your wavy friend’s droppings. It is the state of the litter that will indicate to you the beginning health problems of your bird.
Budgerigar droppings normally consist of a kind of round with a white (cream) center and green sausage around. Normal droppings consist of equal amounts of faecal material (green sausage), urine (some colorless liquid), and urates (white, creamy center).
Plants are conventionally not poisonous, but it is better to avoid contact of the bird with them.
Violet, scarlet, Christmas cactus, ferns, edible fig, gardenia, grape ivy and others.
Our wavy pet requires daily care to ensure excellent health. The bird will be happy that she lives in an atmosphere of care, love and complete security, which her loving owner provides her. You can accustom your parrot to a kind of daily routine: the bird will quickly understand that you every day, at the same time, remove his cage and give him food. The parrot will know that his natural needs will be met by the people he sees as members of his “pack”.
Budget parrot care
Budgie. very curious and active bird. This curiosity can sometimes lead to negative consequences when walking outside the cage. But this does not mean at all that your pet should be locked up all the time, on the contrary, parrots need to leave the cage for a walk from time to time in order to keep their physical and mental health in shape. The owner must create such conditions for him under which the bird can safely move and frolic outside of his house.
Some dangerous situations to try to avoid
Your home furniture and everything related to it also pose a threat to the budgerigar. This is especially true for furniture care products and all kinds of scented polishes. All these toxic fumes are bad for the parrot.
Try to keep the parrot away from those chemicals that emit a strong aroma, do not use hair care products near the parrot: varnish, foams, deodorants, do not spray air fresheners. To protect your pet’s respiratory system, use chemical substitutes. Use regular baking soda, and unsaturated apple cider vinegar or lemon juice can be used to clean the glass.
It poses a threat to the health of the parrot and all kinds of repairs in your home. If you have started repairs, then it is better to give the parrot to friends and relatives for overexposure in order to protect the bird from all kinds of poisonous fumes. Your house will be completely safe for the parrot, when you yourself, after the completion of the repair, will not feel the presence of an extraneous smell of paint and varnish.
Other potential threats to the life and health of the budgerigar are certain pets.
Cats are natural predators. Even if your beloved fluffy cat pretends that he is absolutely indifferent to the parrot, never relax. As soon as you turn away, your beloved parrot will find itself in the tenacious claws and sharp teeth of your no less beloved cat. Always take precautions, never leave a cat alone with a budgerigar! The dog can also harm the bird by accidentally stepping on it or hitting it with a paw. If it suddenly happens that your feathered pet is hurt by another pet, immediately contact your veterinarian to provide the bird with emergency care and avoid the spread of bacterial infection from stab wounds or fractures, which will help save your parrot’s life in the future.
Yes, what to say about animals, if the owners themselves can, willy-nilly, harm the health of their budgies. For example, the owner lay down to rest, and the parrot perched beside him. It seems so nice, your pet loves you, sat down to rest nearby, but the owner turned over in a dream and crushed his pet. Or another example, when the owners accidentally close the bird in the washing machine, oven or freezer. But, fortunately, such cases are rare, since most of them manage to notice the bird and put it back in the cage.
There is a growing threat to the safety of the parrot during the holidays. Christmas decorations made of tinsel are very dangerous, after pecking at which a parrot can get sick. Or, entangling your feet in the wires from the garland, you can injure and break your limbs, not to mention electric shock. On such days, the nervous tension in birds increases due to the incessant arrival and departure of strangers, so it is better to put the birds in a quiet place, out of the reach of loud sounds.
If the owners decide to leave for the holidays or on vacation, then it is recommended to leave the bird at home in the care of a close relative who, in your absence, will regularly visit and feed your feathered friend. Although the bird will miss you, she will be in a familiar environment: in her own cage, with her favorite toys, which is less traumatic for her psyche.
A few words about indoor flowers. In the room where the bird is, it is advisable, in general, not to keep any indoor plants. Since so many species are poisonous, some are generally fatal to a parrot, and we do not know anything about a number of exotic indoor plants. In this case, the risk is not justified.
Are You Making These 10 Common Bird Care MISTAKES?
Amaryllis, lily, daffodil, dieffenbachia (very poisonous!), English ivy, foxglove, mistletoe, rhubarb, monstera (very poisonous), Croton, etc.
What should be alarming?
Too light droppings, reddish brown or bloody. Unusually large amount of droppings, uncharacteristic color and odor. The presence of undigested food residues in the droppings, an unpleasant odor. Yellow or green urates. If you also observe signs of fluffiness, trembling, lethargy, refusal of food and vomiting in the bird, this is a reason to immediately consult a doctor.
By placing a blank sheet of white paper on the pallet, you can closely monitor the droppings of your feathered pet every day, thereby preventing the development of all kinds of dangerous diseases in time.
Additional elements and features of cage placement
Caring for the cockatiel parrot and other breeds of budgies must be correct. It is required to think over everything to the smallest detail, right down to the arrangement of components for entertaining bird games.
In order to develop mental abilities and intelligence in a feathered pet, many experts advise putting intellectual toys in cages. abacus, rings and others.
If you want to buy a cockatiel parrot, then caring for him should be thought out in everything. It is important to take care of the correct placement of his cage in advance. Experts recommend placing the cage in a room with a constant warm temperature. It is desirable that it be ventilated and with good lighting.
Never place the cage near a window with bright sunlight or in a cold area. Constant drafts, excessive sunlight, overheating can have a detrimental effect on bird health.
The care of the budgerigar should be correct and provide all the necessary needs of this bird. The dimensions of the future cage are of particular importance for full-fledged living; the dwelling should be spacious. Parrots of this species have a special sparkling and active disposition, so they need a spacious place to play and clean their wings.
If you want to provide the parrot with well-being and maximum convenience, then be sure to buy or make a large cage in which he can easily move to different places.
It is also worth paying attention to several requirements for cells:
- when buying cages, preference should be given to products in which the width is greater than the height. Budgerigars and lovebirds usually prefer to fly horizontally. Therefore, pay special attention to the width, and also choose products with a flat roof;
- there is no need to put a lot of all sorts of gadgets and toys in the cage. It is important to provide ample space for the bird to fly over and play;
- be sure to remember that when a feathered friend lives in a cage, regular cleaning of the cage will be required. Therefore, choose products that can be cleaned without much difficulty;
- if you want to acquire several parrots, for example three or more, then it is better to buy a larger cage.
Features of arrangement of a place for swimming
If you decide to buy a budgerigar, then caring for it should be in everything, including bathing. In order for him to properly clean his feathers, it is required to install elements for bathing in the cage. A small bathing suit can be fixed on the rods of the cage.
It is important that the place for swimming is as convenient as possible. Namely, this element is required to be installed in a convenient place so that the parrot can easily reach it. It is also desirable that water can be poured into it without difficulty.
In order for the feathered pet to be able to safely clean the feathers, while not spilling water from the bathing suit to the bottom of its cage, it is best not to pour water into it to the very edges.
The parameters of the place for swimming should correspond to the body size of the parrot. The bird should fit freely in the bathing suit and clean its plumage without much difficulty.
Features of the arrangement of the cell
Before purchasing a budgerigar, you should carefully study the care of this pet as well. You can learn how to care for wavy ones from special manuals or on the Internet. But below we will tell you how to keep these feathered representatives.
To begin with, you should start arranging the cell. It should be not only comfortable, but also clean. When arranging it, you need to think through everything to the smallest detail. The parrot should feel comfortable in it and had the opportunity to take care of its plumage every day.
Arrangement of perches for gatherings
In order for lovebirds to feel great in their cages, it is required to equip a place for their gatherings. Perches would be an excellent option, it is desirable that there are several of them.
Experts advise using perches with different thicknesses and textures. Preference should be given to natural wood. It is the wooden branches that look beautiful in the cage. In addition, natural wood is a safe material and does not emit toxic substances that have a detrimental effect on the health of a parrot.
If you are looking to purchase natural wood perches, it is important to pay attention to the following caveats:
- eucalyptus products can harm the health of the bird;
- oak contains such a harmful component as tannin;
- the composition of the wood of the pink family contains a toxic carcinogenic glycoside.
It is not advisable to use perches from a concrete base, because they are hard enough and can injure the legs of parrots.
In order for the lovebirds to be safe, it is important to check their fastening when installing the perches. It is necessary to fix these elements as mono firmly so that they firmly hold in place.
How to care for a parrot at home so that the bird feels comfortable in everything. It is worth remembering that a balanced diet is considered the main criterion for the normal existence of a feathered pet.
There are several important rules for proper nutrition of budgerigars:
- it is important that your pet does not begin to rapidly gain weight, it is required to alternate grain and mixture with granulated feed;
- in no case should the diet contain chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, because these components have a harmful effect on the body;
- there should always be enough water in the drinker, because it is the basis for the full existence of the bird. It is important not only to control the amount of water, but also the cleanliness of the drinking bowl, it must always be clean, it must be rinsed every day;
- in order for lovebirds to always be healthy and active, you need to take care of a healthy diet. From time to time, it is necessary to add cuttlefish cartilage to the cage, which is source of calcium. Instead, you can use various complexes with vitamins and minerals.
Parrot care at home
Breeding parrots requires proper care. It is imperative to properly equip the place for his residence and additional elements of the cage, as well as take into account the nutritional features of parrots.
Many people often have budgies at home, because, in addition to their other virtues, they are also unpretentious representatives of birds. But in order for them to always be healthy, cheerful, active, it is imperative to observe proper care for them. But not everyone knows how to care for a budgerigar. It is on this that his full existence at home will depend.
Cleaning the cage
How to care for a parrot, gray, cockatiel, so that the bird is always healthy and active? Be sure to pay special attention to cleaning her home. It is important to protect the flyer from various parasitic and infectious diseases.
The parrot cage needs to be cleaned of dirt regularly. Experienced parrot breeders recommend cleaning your home at least once every 7 days, but more is better. For cleaning, you can use water with a small addition of gentle soap.
The soapy cleaning liquid can be poured into a small container or rinsed with a sponge. But it is best to use a spray bottle, with the help of this device you can perform refreshing procedures.
If you are concerned about the question of how to properly care for budgerigars, then you need to consider everything to the smallest detail. First of all, you need to prepare a cage for a comfortable stay of these feathered representatives. The dwelling should be fully equipped for adequate nutrition, feather cleaning, adequate sleep and rest. If you follow all the necessary requirements and rules, then lovebirds will be able to live at your home for a long time.