How to properly care for fish in an aquarium
How to properly care for aquarium fish?
The movements of aquarium fish are simply mesmerizing, they are unhurried and smooth. Looking into the aquarium, a person relaxes, all worries are forgotten, calms down. So, if you decide to keep aquarium fish at home, tips on how to care for fish in an aquarium will come in handy.
The first step is to decide how many different types of fish you want to keep in one tank. Do not forget that there are species of predatory aquarium fish that can eat other inhabitants of the aquarium. Because of this, it is better when buying fish of different types, ask the seller if they will coexist well. You also definitely need to know such important environmental parameters for your fish: water hardness and acidity, aeration, filtration, food, frequency of water changes, illumination, water temperature. The most important factor for fish living is naturally water. First of all, it should be well-established. But how much to stand for water depends on the type of your fish, because some of them are absolutely not suitable for fresh water after a day of standing. This is explained by the fact that in a day the bleach does not have time to completely disappear, and after 2-3 days the water will acquire a sufficient level of purity. In order not to wait a few days, you can simply warm up the water to 17 degrees Celsius and then cool it down. This will help free the water from excess oxygen, which is not useful for aquarium fish.
The water should be changed once a week, and no more than one third of the water should be renewed. There are some types of tropical fish for which changing water is a huge stress, which is why it only slightly refreshes within one fifth of the total volume of the aquarium.
Daily care of fish in an aquarium should include the following actions:
1. Support for the parameters of the fish habitat. You need to check the water temperature every day and if you need to turn on the heater, also make sure that the filter is not clogged, so that the compressor works, if necessary, turn on the backlight.
If there is a need to add water to the aquarium, but it must be settled. It is contraindicated to put various foreign objects into the aquarium that are capable of releasing various kinds of substances into the water. It is better not to smoke in the room where the aquarium is located, because tobacco smoke is harmful to fish.
Feeding. It is best to feed the fish once or twice a day if they are adults, and the fry more often than four times. Quite often, novice aquarists do not know how much food should be poured. In order to establish the exact amount of food needed directly by your fish, you can experimentally. You just pour in such an amount of feed that they are able to eat in 5-10 minutes. It is better to remove all residues immediately, because they pollute the water in the aquarium. No feed accumulation at the bottom is permissible. Better not to overfeed the fish. Food is either frozen, live or dry.
Dry food is most often produced on the basis of dry daphnia or dry mixtures. The “live” food includes: tubifex, bloodworms, duckweed. And frozen food, before giving them to fish, must be defrosted. A varied diet is undoubtedly good for both you and your fish. The food should be distributed throughout the aquarium so that everyone gets it. both the strong and the weak, and also those who are always at the bottom.
Checking. You should check the condition of the fish and plants in your aquarium daily. If you see any signs of decomposition of plants, they must be thrown away urgently. As for the fish, if they show signs of disease, and these are growths or suspicious spots, then they should be immediately transferred to a quarantine aquarium so as not to infect other inhabitants of the aquarium. Only a specialist will tell you how to treat sick fish, you yourself are unlikely to determine what exactly the fish are sick with.
Experts in this matter advise to perform “general” cleaning of the aquarium, depending on the type of fish, it can be once a week or 1-2 times a month. During such cleaning, the fish should be transferred to another aquarium and cleaning should begin. It is necessary to drain the water, clean the walls and bottom of the aquarium from accumulated dirt, food residues and fish waste, and rinse the filter. The fish should not be disturbed often, because they do not like this, so cleaning the aquarium too often is as harmful as forgetting about cleaning.
And so it turns out that caring for aquarium fish is not so difficult as it seemed at first glance. You only need to adhere to two rules in the process of caring for your fish. The first thing you need to know is what conditions for keeping your specific species of fish are considered optimal, and stick to them in the aquarium. The second thing in all aquariums did such as lighting, cleaning and feeding, you need to adhere to common sense, that is, feed the fish in moderation, not very often bother them with cleaning, but also not to allow the aquarium to look like a swamp.
How to properly care for fish in an aquarium?
A home aquarium is an impressive and even charming sight, of course, only if it is well-groomed and replete with colorful underwater inhabitants.
Psychologists say that when slowly examining the aquarium, we relax and calm down, take a break from everyday and everyday problems, thanks to the unhurried and graceful movements of the fish, all worries and troubles fade into the background. So, it turns out that a home aquarium is not only beautiful, but also useful.!
For some reason, some people have the opinion that aquarium fish are the simplest and not fastidious pets, they say, they do not require special attention, but experienced aquarists know perfectly well that this is not an easy and painstaking work that requires increased perseverance and observation.
A home aquarium is a real underwater world, a small area of special microflora and fauna that must be constantly maintained at the proper level.
So that you can boast of a beautiful aquarium, as in the picture, in which healthy and happy fish frolic, you will have to make a lot of effort, as well as a little understanding of its structure and the required conditions for keeping underwater inhabitants. It is important even for a novice amateur to know how to care for aquarium fish so that they not only survive, but also reach their real size, give offspring and delight you with their natural behavior.
Choosing an aquarium and underwater inhabitants
In fact, an aquarium for beginners should be at least 50-70 liters, it is in this volume that it will be much easier to maintain the biological balance of your underwater world than in a small 20-liter “jar”. It is this volume that will allow you to keep a fairly large variety of fish, which will stably grow and develop and, even, possibly, give offspring.
Then the question arises, what to put inside the aquarium? You need to start from the ground, without it, the fish will be extremely uncomfortable in their new home. The best option would be small pebbles, ideally if you can pick it up by size and even color scheme, because variegated fish, best of all, will look against the background of dark pebbles.
It is also important that the soil becomes a substrate for the majority of underwater plants, in which their rooting, feeding and reproduction takes place. Take care of the plants. there should be enough of them so that calm species of fish can hide and rest in them from more active roommates.
It is best to choose natural plants, artificial ones, of course, look more beautiful and cause less trouble, but, from the point of view of maintaining an ideal microcosm, natural ones are still preferable.
Further, most importantly, are the underwater inhabitants. When settling in your underwater world, it is important to consider the compatibility of fish, so your aquarium will be easier to maintain. First of all, you need to look at the size: very large species will not get along with small ones, because the latter are at risk of being eaten by more aggressive roommates.
The most popular aquarium fish have been live-bearers for many decades, that is, those that reproduce by already formed independent fry. Usually, these fish are unpretentious in care, do not require any complex feeding and reproduction schemes, but, nevertheless, they can please with their varied shape, size and color.
The most popular inhabitants of the home aquarium are guppies, swordtails, mollies, and platies. All these species require approximately the same care conditions, get along well in one aquarium and can please with a variety of impressive colors. Of the spawning fish, the most popular are catfish, especially speckled.
Also the classics of the genre of many aquarists, cockerels and goldfish have become. Caring for them, however, is a little more difficult than, for example, for guppies, and the traditional round aquarium, which is often used for such pets, is not suitable, rectangular and elongated forms of aquariums are better suited.
Highlights when caring for an aquarium
Remember that your home underwater world requires daily attention, which includes not only feeding, but maintaining the basic parameters of the habitat. To make the fish feel comfortable, be sure to control the temperature of the water, turn on the heater if necessary.
Live-bearers get along well in the temperature range from 18 °.28 °, however, if you want to achieve active reproduction of a particular species, the temperature regime must be set separately, in accordance with its narrow requirements.
Take care of the purity and hardness of the water, it should be transparent, without unnecessary suspensions, with a pH of about 6.5-8. Once a week, it is necessary to replace 1/3 of all water with fresh water, equal in temperature and hardness to the one that remained in the aquarium.
Make sure that the filter does not clog and that the compressor runs stably: they circulate and aerate the water in your underwater pool, remove some dissolved substances and harmful bacteria.
Take care of lighting: since most aquarium fish are from the tropics, they should have at least 10-12 hours of daylight. There are even special sockets-timers that regulate daylight hours in your absence.
Another important point is proper nutrition. Usually it is produced 1-2 times a day for adults and up to 4 times a day if fry live in the aquarium. It is difficult to answer the question of how much feed will be needed for feeding, since the volumes are set exclusively empirically. It is necessary to pour exactly as much feed into the feeder as your inhabitants can eat it in 5-10 minutes, and if there is something left, it is important to remove the remains so that it does not rot and spoil the microflora.
It is also undesirable for fish to overeat, so do not overdo it. What kind of food to use depends on your underwater inhabitants, usually it is “dry” (dried daphnia or special dry mixes) or “live” (bloodworm or tubifex). There is also frozen food. it is important to thaw them before throwing them into the aquarium.
Every day, it is necessary to ensure that the condition of the fish does not worsen, if there are any suspicious symptoms, it is better to put the sick fish in “quarantine” and treat it there so that others do not catch the ailment, and there are a lot of them in the aquarium inhabitants.
Be sure to monitor the appearance of rot or growths on the fins, strange blisters and spots, the disease is still best treated in the initial stages.
It is better to do a complete cleaning of the aquarium with the settling of fish and a complete replacement of the water no more than once every 3-4 months, although this moment may also depend on the volume of the aquarium and the species inhabiting it. Excessive passion for constantly complete cleaning will not lead to anything good, because it is just as harmful as a very dirty aquarium.
How to choose fish for your home aquarium
For those who need something alive at home, but do not have the time and opportunity to pay much attention to animals, an aquarium with fish is best suited, and success depends entirely on the right choice. Beginners usually buy an aquarium with little thought about the type of fish they intend to inhabit. Fish are acquired after setting up the aquarium, and the choice usually falls on the cutest. Sometimes such an aquarist is lucky, but most often the results are deplorable: over time, it turns out that the “cute” fish were fry that grew up and began to devour smaller, herbivorous ones. In addition, some fish diligently protect their territory, which may be the entire aquarium. All these difficulties are surmountable, but they can disappoint the beginning naturalist.
First of all, you need to understand what factors can be important when you acquire fish, other than appearance. When buying fish, it is important to consider whether new species will be added to the aquarium later. Since there are various types of fish intended for a home aquarium, it is recommended to read special literature about them. To come to a rational decision, you need to know the peculiarities of the lifestyle and nutrition of fish.
The reasons for the impossibility of keeping different types of fish together may be different: too large for a given aquarium, too large or small in comparison with the species already living in the aquarium, anxious attitude towards its own territory, which the fish will protect, and the size of the aquarium is not large enough to give her a personal space. The fish can be very active and suppress quiet or nervous neighbors, will bury itself in the ground, devour aquatic vegetation, other fish, although this is not a reason to abandon predators. you just need their neighbors to be large enough; the fish is small and threatens to end up in the stomach of the larger fish living in the aquarium. Fish needs special environmental parameters. a different chemical composition of water, the specificity of its circulation and temperature, the presence of a shelter (however, the conditions of keeping a particular fish can be changed if this does not interfere with other fish), the fish can chew on other people’s fins, especially if they are long and attractive.
Quite often, it is mistakenly believed that fish belonging to the same species must be compatible, but it turns out the opposite, since it is males of the same species (related species) that perceive each other as rivals and may start to fight.
On the other hand, fish, which in nature stray into schools, need a company of their own kind in an aquarium. Ignoring this circumstance will lead to stress and nervous disorders of fish, since schooling for them is a way of gaining a sense of security.
Some fish are born extremely hardy and able to survive in almost any conditions. in their natural habitat, the composition of water, temperature, and other parameters change arbitrarily. It is better to keep such fish in conditions as close to real ones as possible. However, it should be remembered that adaptability does not at all mean the ability to coexist with all types of fish.
After the purchase, the seller places the fish in a jar or in plastic bags (double bags are possible), then in something opaque so that the fish are not afraid.
How to care for aquarium fish
How to properly care for fish in an aquarium. How to feed the fish? How to transport aquarium fish.
Transportation of aquarium fish
Those who prefer aquarium fish to all other pets have to decide about their transportation. It may seem to a beginner that there should be no problems with transportation, but this is not the case. It is necessary to take into account a lot of different factors, nuances, since the move causes stress in the fish.
Experienced aquarists use either glass jars or plastic bags to transport fish.
Glass jars are often used by both amateurs and professionals. Glass containers are very convenient, but they must be handled with care or they can break. If it’s cold outside, then a small 0.5 liter can can be tucked into an inner of your clothing, and the fish will not freeze. A large jar is placed in a bag or suitcase, attaching a heating pad with warm water to the jar and wrapping the jar with a heating pad with a cloth, preferably woolen. At temperatures up to 5 ° C, you can put the jar in a bag, not forgetting to wrap it in a thick woolen cloth. in this case, the fish can be outside for about 20 minutes without significantly cooling the water. Transportation in cans assumes that water will not exceed 2/3 of their volume. As a rule, the duration of transportation in glass jars does not exceed 40 minutes, and longer ones are best carried out in plastic bags.
If the packages are small, then if the fish size is more than 75 mm, 1 copy is placed in each package. The same must be said about fish with a well-developed instinct to protect the territory. Very large specimens can be transported in a bucket with a lid. If you intend to carry fish for a long time in the heat, then it does not hurt to take with you a thermos or a container with walls lined with foam.
Since the move itself is stressful for them, it is advisable not to aggravate it. After transportation, the fish need conditions and time to adapt. they must be placed in a quarantine aquarium. Fish are kept there for 14 days or more. The procedure is as follows: first, the bag is lowered into the aquarium and kept there for about 30 minutes so that the water temperature in both containers is equal, then the bag is opened and every 6 minutes water from the quarantine aquarium is added to the bag in small portions, and the volume of added water should be at least half the volume of water that was already in the bag. thus, new fish will better adapt to the chemical and gas composition of the environment where they will have to live, then you can run them directly into the aquarium. This quarantine procedure is very important.
It is unlikely that it will be possible to stage a circus act with the fish, but you can still teach them something. Curiosity is peculiar to fishes, and if a colored ball is hung on a string at a distance from the feeder in an aquarium, then they will go to study an unknown object. When they swim away from the feeder, the fish‘s favorite food is quickly poured there. You will need to repeat these manipulations several times before the fish associate the appearance of the ball and the presence of food in the feeder. Next time, the balloon will serve as a signal to swim to the feeder, even if it ends up empty. In a similar way, you can play on the instincts of fish and teach them various tricks. Anything that comes to mind will do, but fish quickly acquire skills and just as quickly lose them, so regular training is needed with them. You can even put together a whole program to create the illusion of intelligent behavior in fish. If you cut out two figures of different sizes from cardboard and apply one during feeding, and the other after feeding, then the fish will get used to and will swim up to the figure associated with feeding, and will ignore the figure, after the appearance of which they are not fed. A Focus like this looks even more entertaining when it is printed on cardboard boxes. Likewise, fish are taught to respond to a sound, such as a knock or a bell.
How to feed aquarium fish
In general, the principles of feeding are as follows: one or two meals a day, the portion depends on how much fish absorb the feed in 5-10 minutes. For fish, whose activity increases at night, a one-time meal is advisable. they eat either immediately before turning off the light, or under blue light. Fry need more frequent feeding. On average, for an adult fish, a portion is equal to 3-4% of their body weight, and for young fish, 15%. Compliance with the regime, that is, feeding at strictly defined hours, is beneficial for the fish. Overfeeding fish is far worse than underfeeding. Therefore, you should not be afraid that they will starve if the feed is not poured enough. Food residues quickly decomposed in warm water are unsuitable for eating, they clog the aquarium, which will have to be cleaned more often. In addition, obesity is dangerous for fish (the cause of infertility and death), since, unlike humans, they cannot go on a diet, and some species of fish are prone to overeating.
It is recommended to set aside a fasting day for fish every month. It is best if this does not coincide with some other changes in the usual conditions for the fish, for example, with cleaning the aquarium. To simplify the feeding procedure, you can equip the aquarium with feeders. Dry food poured there will not drift around the aquarium and stick to its walls, and live food will not sink to the bottom, where fish feeding in the upper or middle water layers cannot reach it. In addition, fish can be trained to swim to the feeder on command. This is quite easy to do. the reflex to food is developed quickly. The signal that food is in the trough is not words, but simpler sounds, such as tapping on the aquarium. It only takes a few days of training and the fish will respond to the knocking, immediately heading for the distribution point.
In order to choose the right diet, you must first of all familiarize yourself with what fish eat in natural conditions. In the future, the compilation of the menu is based on their preferences. over, the food required is varied, regardless of the type of fish. Of course, there are ready-made feeds on the market, which, as a rule, contain all (or almost all) of the necessary substances. But you should not dwell on one type of food, especially if it is dry. There is no need to make live food the main one in the diet of fish, but such food must certainly be. In order for the fish to be able to successfully break down the food in the stomach, its size must be small enough, but not too much, otherwise the fish will not make an effort to eat the food and will decompose. Among other things, the specific composition of the diet is determined taking into account age or seasonal factors: in particular, there are species that need live food to bring them to spawning, and young animals, sick or growing specimens need to be fed live food more often.
Breeds of aquarium fish
Guppies named a fish from the Peciliaceae family, which naturally occurs in the fresh and brackish waters of South America. This is the most popular aquarium fish on planet Earth. Europeans learned about it at the beginning of the 20th century, although the fish received universal recognition only in the middle of the 20th century. Every year, international competitions are held for representatives of this breed, and Russian aquarists have achieved considerable success in improving it: they brought out the Moscow guppy breed. The fish is distinguished by an elongated body. in males, most often up to 40 mm, and in females. up to 60 mm.
There are fish in many different colors, with differently shaped fins. Coloring can be blue, cream, white. Males usually have graceful tail and elongated dorsal fins. In shape, they are fan-tailed, skirt, lyre-tailed. Fish are calm, live in a flock. It is better not to allow their cohabitation with mobile, cocky, aggressive fish, which I will bite off their fins.
There are no special requirements for nutritional conditions: any live and dry food will do, but guppies do not tolerate obesity, which negatively affects reproductive function, so you cannot overfeed the fish. Males live up to 3 years, and females up to 4. They do not need an aquarium of any specific volume, although a volume of up to 50 liters is still recommended (about 2 liters per 1 fish). You don’t need a lot of aquatic plants, and they should have small leaves. It is necessary to provide mechanisms for high-quality water saturation with oxygen, filtration and regular water replacement. The optimum water temperature is about 25 ° C, acidity. about 7-7.5 pH, hardness. up to 20 meq / l. Morning sunlight is useful for fish. If they do not feel well, then add a little salt to the water (2 tsp per 10 l). The fish are ready for reproduction at the age of 90-150 days. Since mature individuals eat fry, bushes of small-leaved and floating plants are planted in the aquarium, however, a better solution would be to catch the female and put her in a 5-liter jar for spawning (the water characteristics are the same as in the aquarium). When the female is ready to “give birth”, her abdomen in the area of the anus turns black. To facilitate “childbirth” add a little fresh water to the jar. From one individual, approximately 55 fry emerge (maximum 150). Young animals feed on live dust, rotifers, microworms.
Lyalius, or real gourami, is found naturally in South Asia, in lakes, rivers with a slow flow of water. The body is elongated, oval, flattened from the sides, rather slender, up to 50 mm long. The base of the dorsal and anal fins is long. The fish are distinguished by spectacular colors: red and blue-green stripes alternate across the body and on the fins. The fins (except for the pectoral and abdominal fins) are bordered in red. The ends of the fins are sharp in males and rounded in females. Males are larger and brighter than females. Females are grayish green with transverse light stripes. Fish have a capricious character and will not be able to live with large, active and aggressive neighbors. They require an aquarium with sufficient vegetation. Ready for reproduction at the age of 120-150 days.
They go for spawning in pairs or in groups in which there are more females. Spawning tank: volume over 10 liters, water temperature about 30 degrees, hardness up to 10 meq / l, acidity about 6.5 pH. Males build nests from plants, where eggs rising from the bottom are collected. Up to 600 eggs emerge from one female. When the female stops spawning, she should be planted. After 4 days, the fry will fill the water, and the adult males are also removed. The young animals feed on ciliates and egg yolk for the first 14 days, and then on rotifers and nauplii of crustaceans. Fish of this breed skillfully hunt insects, “knocking down” them with spat out water droplets.
Control over aquarium equipment
Aquarium fish require some daily maintenance, it does not take much time, but it must be done every day. And it is good to understand what aquarium fish are, caring for them, and in this case everything will be all right.
First of all, grooming concerns maintaining all the constant parameters of the environment to which the fish are accustomed. Every day you need to check the water temperature, do not forget to turn on the heater in time if the temperature drops below normal, and, conversely, turn it off if the water overheats. Daily procedures include checking the condition of the filter, cleaning it if it is clogged. Compressor checks are also part of the daily routine. If the room is dark, then you need to turn on the backlight.
It is also necessary to maintain a constant water level in the aquarium every day, if it drops, add settled (prepared in advance) water. It is imperative to remember that it is strictly forbidden to put foreign objects in the aquarium, firstly, this can scare the fish, and, secondly, they can contain bacteria that are harmful to fish. In addition, aquarium fish do not tolerate tobacco smoke well, so it is better not to smoke in the room where the aquarium is located.
You need to feed the fish once or twice a day, if they are already adults, and the fry are fed at least four times a day. The amount of food that is given once varies depending on the species of fish. most often, the amount is determined empirically, simply by checking how much food the fish can handle so that large surpluses do not remain. they clog both the water in the aquarium and the filters. However, you need to be careful not to overfeed the fish, this is also harmful to their health.
How to care for aquarium fish
They say that you can stare at the fire for an infinitely long time. No less mesmerizing spectacle. fish sliding in the water, you can watch them for hours, and this does not bother you. In addition, it is well known that, observing the unhurried movements of the fish in the aquarium, peace and tranquility condescend to a person, to put it simply. the aquarium is in the house, this is just wonderful.
Settling the aquarium
Before starting aquarium fish at home, you need to think about which species of fish will live in the aquarium, how many there will be, which species are not considered predators, and which ones can live together. The fact is that settling fish in their new home is perhaps the most difficult event in caring for them. By itself, caring for aquarium fish is not difficult. It is necessary to take into account all the behaviors and behavioral reactions inherent in each species as a whole, and each individual separately. So, for example, fish, accustomed to live only in a flock of their own kind, quickly wither and die, living alone in an aquarium.
Fish of different species die quickly, for which different habitats and water temperatures are needed. The aquarium looks well-groomed and beautiful if the same ecological environment prevails in it, that is, both the fish and the plant, and the very internal structure of the aquarium, are designed in the same style. If some tenants already live in the aquarium, and the owner decided to add new fish, then they cannot be immediately placed with the old tenants. There are a few caveats to this. First of all, the fish may not get along with each other, even though the owner has studied all the literature and purchased the fish of the vila that he already has, or that may exist together.
It is imperative to install a special aerator in the aquarium. It is recommended to supply air for at least eight hours every day. And, if you transfer the aeration system to round-the-clock operation, or at least to a twelve-hour operating mode, then a significantly larger number of residents can be populated in any aquarium. than it is provided by the corresponding volume, according to the norms.
In addition to details about the main inhabitants of the aquarium, the owner should know everything about the very habitat of the fish. And these nuances are many. the composition of the water (its hardness and acidity), the conditions for aeration and filtration of the aquarium, the quality and types of food, how to light the aquarium, how often the water needs to be changed and what temperature it should be.
The main thing, of course, for the correct and comfortable living of fish in the aquarium, the most important is the water and its composition. Even water that has been standing for a day is not always suitable for some species of fish, since during this time harmful components, especially chlorine, do not have time to leave, and it is necessary to defend the water for at least 3 days. You can do it easier, and not wait so many days. just heat the water to 17 degrees and then cool it down. Thus, the water is freed from excess oxygen, which is very harmful to fish.
It is necessary to change the water in the aquarium once every 7-8 days, updating the aquarium each time only more than one third. The fact is that for some species of fish, a change of water is a change of habitat, which can provoke stress in fish, for such species, the water is changed only by one-fifth of the total volume of water in the aquarium.
Mandatory procedures include a daily check of the condition of not only fish, but also water, habitat and plants. The slightest discrepancy in the color of the leaves of plants should immediately alert, such algae must be removed and discarded. They also do with suspicious growths (they are cleaned off the walls with special tools). If the fish show any signs of disease. a change in color, dark spots, the swimming mode has changed, such fish are instantly deposited in a separate aquarium. “in quarantine” so that the rest of the inhabitants do not become infected. It is not possible to determine what the fish is sick with on your own, you must immediately contact a specialist.
You can clean the aquarium thoroughly, that is, you can do the so-called general cleaning twice a month. To do this, all fish are transplanted into a spare aquarium, trying to provide them with the most similar conditions, and begin to clean the aquarium. During this, first of all, all the water is drained, the bottom, walls are cleaned, and they are cleaned of accumulated feed residues, dust and waste. After that, they thoroughly wash the aquarium several times, clean and wash the filter. With cleaning, the situation is like this, on the one hand, you cannot often disturb the fish, and on the other hand, you cannot but clean the aquarium.
Here, perhaps, are all the rules that need to be adhered to when having an aquarium at home, there is nothing difficult in how to care for aquarium fish, it takes a little time, and brings a lot of pleasure and joy to the life of the owners.
Clean glass regularly
In theory, you may not need this, but in practice glass greening is common. In fact, this is normal, and if you do not start the glass, then you will quite cope with the problem. We just want to warn you: if you abandon glass cleaning for many weeks, then the plaque can be so persistent that neither you nor any cleaner fish can handle it. As soon as you see a slight greening, be sure to clean it off with special scrapers.
How to care for a fish tank
The main problem with the question of how to properly care for a home aquarium and fish is that it is asked only after the aquarium has already been purchased and the fish are launched into it. This is precisely the purpose of this article. to explain the importance of this, and to warn beginners against similar problems that many face.
Proper care is very important, because not only the aesthetics of the aquarium, but also the lifespan of its inhabitants depends on it. An aquarium is a responsibility, and since you are concerned about this issue, then you are one of those people who have already grown to be serious about your home hobby.
With the soil siphon, you start every aquarium maintenance process. This should be a weekly process. It is necessary to siphon not only large aquariums, but even small ones. for this there are special siphons for the soil. Sometimes it is lazy to do this, but you must tune in to the fact that without a siphon you simply cannot achieve the necessary balance in the aquarium. As a result of such laziness, the fish can get sick, etc.
Home aquarium care instructions
So the time has come for the most important thing. to tell in detail how to properly care for the aquarium. We have outlined the most important aspects for you, the observance of which will reduce by 80-90 percent the risk of problems with water, with fish, etc.
- Water sedimentation
- Soil siphon
- Glass cleaning
- Water changes
- Water control
Turning off lighting for a long time
Many people are not serious about aquarium lighting. This is especially manifested in laziness or forgetfulness, as a result of which the light may not turn on for several days. This is an extremely wrong and irresponsible approach. The light should be on every day for 10-12 hours, depending on the plants and animal composition of the aquarium.
Disabling the filter at night
Probably many novice aquarists did this. they turned off the filter or aeration at night. Primarily because of the noise that they can become. This also cannot be done, and one must fight not with the effect, but with the cause. Buy a quieter filter, or find a quieter aerator spray.
It is believed that soil flushing is a great way to flush an aquarium (this is especially true for small aquariums that are bought for children, but are looked after by parents who are not particularly aware of aquarium affairs). In fact, flushing the soil at the root kills the entire biological background of the aquarium, as a result of which the equilibrium deteriorates sharply. We strongly advise against doing this, as it will be correct in this case. to siphon the soil.
Replacing all water
Replacing all the water while maintaining an aquarium can bring about the same problems as flushing the soil. As a result of this action, the biological balance of the aquarium can be seriously affected. It is correct to change only 15-20% of the total water volume once a week.
Aquarium and its inhabitants
When choosing an aquarium, you need to consider the size of the fish. If you prefer large fish, then the aquarium is worth taking the appropriate one.
Some fish require different structures at the bottom. grottoes, shelters, etc. They are especially required by fish living at the bottom.
Snails can also live in the aquarium. They will help you both take care of your aquarium fish and keep the water clean. After all, snails clean the walls of the aquarium and eat food debris.
Algae are an extremely important part of the aquarium. fish lay eggs in them, fish can rest in plants. But there should not be a lot of vegetation. otherwise the water may deteriorate.
Cleaning the aquarium
A general cleaning of the aquarium should be done once a month. To do this, the fish need to be carefully caught with a net in another aquarium. And only then start cleaning. To do this, you need to drain the water, clean the walls and bottom of contamination, rinse the filter
How to care for a cockerel fish
Fish Cockerel, which is sometimes also called fighting fish, will not leave anyone indifferent. Males of this breed arrange real competitions. But, despite the fighting nature, this breed loves warm and stagnant water, at 22-24 degrees. Also for the Cockerels you need a large aquarium. This species is very fond of algae, so it is worth getting some vegetation.
And the last thing to remember is that this breed is very contact, so you can get other inhabitants of the aquarium. snails, catfish.
How to care for fish?
Many people choose aquarium fish as pets. They do not leave hair, are unpretentious in food and care, are silent and never wake up in the middle of the night. In addition, fish have an excellent ability to calm down the observer. But do not forget that the fish require daily care. Let’s talk about how to properly care for your fish.
The temperature of the water should be checked daily. If necessary, add warm or cold water to the aquarium.
It is also important to keep an eye on the lighting. Some fish need light throughout the day, so you should get a special lighting device.
The soil in the aquarium can be different. sand, gravel, natural or artificial rocks.
In the aquarium, a filter or compressor for water must always be running. It will purify water, as well as saturate it with oxygen.
How to care for your fish: practical advice
Feeding should be done 1-2 times a day for adult fish, and up to 5 times for fry. Pour in as much food as the fish can eat, over time you will determine the daily rate. Excess feed must be removed as it will spoil the water. The food can be dry or live. In the first case, these are dry daphnia or various mixtures; tubifex or duckweed bloodworms are suitable as live food. Take a close look at what is the best way to feed your fish.
The budding aquarist should start by choosing the fish that will inhabit the aquarium. Consider their compatibility.
For a beginner, it is recommended to start the very simple and unpretentious aquarium fish. For instance:
When experience in caring for fish appears, you can add more sophisticated and demanding ones to the collection.
How to care for fish in an aquarium
Proper fish care begins with the selection of a tank. Determine which species will live in the artificial reservoir. The volume is calculated according to the formula 1 cm of the length of the fish is equal to 1 liter of volume.
When choosing an aquarium, plan where it will be installed, how you will connect the filter, aerator, lighting. There should be a socket nearby. Do not put in direct sunlight.
The larger the size of the artificial reservoir, the easier and less often it will have to be cleaned. A small or overcrowded tank requires frequent water changes and soil cleaning. Otherwise, the fish will be poisoned by their waste.
Buy a regular rectangular aquarium. The round shape distorts the image of objects behind the glass and causes stress in the fish.
Plant your plants in the pond. Carefully clean and disinfect the decorations before installation.
You can learn more about caring for your aquarium in a separate article.
Tips to Keep Your Fish Happy, Healthy : home aquarium maintenance, snail eggs Fish Tank Aquarium Fis
An important point of keeping is the selection of aquarium fish for living together. They can get along well, or they can go to feed each other. Choose neighbors with similar requirements for temperature, hardness and acidity of water.
The care requirements of different types of inhabitants differ. The rules given in the article are general, applicable to all fish. For specific types, look for more information separately.
Brief instructions for caring for fish in an aquarium include:
- feeding. schedule and amount of food so that they do not overeat;
- observe the number of aquarium fish, their behavior;
- check the serviceability of the equipment;
- check the amount of water and temperature;
- change the water regularly;
- siphon the aquarium soil;
- take care of the plants;
- remove algae;
- clean decorative elements.
Let’s briefly consider the basic steps for each item from the instructions, so that a novice aquarist can understand what to pay attention to.
The air vibrating pump enriches the water with oxygen. The process is called water aeration. If there is a malfunction, the fish feel a deficit. When inspecting, pay attention to the sprayer. It builds up a plaque of calcium or bacteria. Clean off the plaque. If it does not help, then change the spray.
Best Ways To Maintain A Fish Tank! 10 Things You Should Know About Aquarium Maintenance
Checking the air duct hoses. Change the spoiled ones. In the pumps themselves, there is a rubber membrane inside that stretches. Solved by replacement. We clean the air valves of the aerator once a month, and change it every 6 months.
Even with proper care, algae and bacterial deposits form on the walls of the aquarium or on the decor elements. Delete them. Combine with soil cleaning.
Use: brushes (preferably with plastic blades to avoid scratching the glass), magnetic glass cleaners, funnels to clean the soil. We clean glass, driftwood and decorations. We disinfect.
Every 14-15 days before a scheduled water change, sift the soil through a funnel, removing feces and other debris.
Check the amount of water in the tank weekly to notice evaporation. Check the quality through special tests (acidity, hardness).
With proper care of the fish and the aquarium, 20–25% of the water must be changed every 7 days. By changing the water, nitrate levels in the aquarium ecosystem are reduced. For this purpose, it is specially defended.
You can change the water in whole or in part. The weekly replacement is partial. Complete replacement is made only in critical cases. When all the fish are sick or the aquarium is heavily soiled. But first you need to defend the water before pouring it into the aquarium.
Without the top cover, the water evaporates in the aquarium. If during the check you find a shortage, compensate for the evaporation of water. The compensation liquid should be the same as in the aquarium. Buy a top cover.
When the aquarium is installed in a sunny place, the walls are closed with curtains. To cool off in hot weather:
- hot water is pumped out from the bottom and chilled water is gradually poured in;
- put a bag of ice cubes.
The second method cools the water and keeps the water balance unchanged.
Cleans water. There are external ones, they are installed in aquariums with a volume of more than 200 liters, and internal ones. for smaller reservoirs. If the aquarium filter is clogged, the concentration of harmful substances in the water increases. Rinse the filter in aquarium water only. Otherwise, the balance of bacteria is disturbed. Do not use industrial detergents, as pets will be poisoned. Rinse the sponge from the filter during cleaning, but not to the ideal, so as not to remove beneficial bacteria. In a fashionable filter pump, change the sponge once a month, if weaken, then every two weeks.
For the aquarium, use fluorescent or energy-saving lamps with a power of up to 25 watts. With constant use, the aperture decreases. change every 6-8 months.
Brief instructions for the care and maintenance of aquarium fish
Having an aquarium at home with beautiful and bright fish is the goal or dream of many people. The aquarium fish is becoming a new member of the family and needs attention. Knowledge of the correct principles of maintenance and care will help a beginner to realize his dream and enjoy his pets for many years.
Snails, shrimps, crayfish or aquarium frogs are added to the neighborhood with aquarium fish. Snails crawl along the bottom, decorations and cleanse the habitat of food waste and mucus.
Small fish are compatible with shrimps, for example, guppies, neons. The rest are trying to eat them.
Only small and nimble fish that will swim away from its claws, for example, guppies, get along with crayfish. The bright, large species attract crayfish that crawl along the bottom too. He hunts them.
Dwarf, artificially bred frogs are also sometimes hooked up to fish. But they have high requirements for acidity, water hardness. It’s better for a beginner not to start them.
The first serious mistake that is made at this stage is the purchase of a small aquarium, assuming that a 20-30 liter container will meet the needs of a novice fish lover. In fact. the opposite is true. It is much easier to maintain an artificial biocenosis in balance in a large aquarium, at least 50-70 liters. Several species of inhabitants will be able to coexist and develop normally in it.
The next question that will be considered is a brief instruction on how to care for fish in an aquarium. what is put inside the container. They create a cozy atmosphere for small inhabitants, starting from the ground. Small pebbles will do the job best. When choosing, take into account its caliber and color, focusing on the types of fish that are planned to be kept. Inhabitants of bright colors look better against a background of gray stones.
Plants take root in the soil, from which they take nutrients. The flora serves as a refuge for individual fish that like to hide from active neighbors. Artificial greenery has an attractive appearance and does not require maintenance, but it is better to give preference to natural plants.
There is an opinion that fish does not require time and financial costs. Experienced aquarists will explain in detail the complexity of this activity, which requires attentiveness and slowness. You control a small underwater world that cannot exist without competent support. Beginners will be helped by instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium (point by point).
Excessive grooming of such pets is not required. The instruction will help to understand the process. Even children can remember how to care for fish in an aquarium.
How to choose fish?
How do you choose occupants? How to care for fish in an aquarium? The instruction will give answers to these questions. Decide in advance on the species composition of the ichthyofauna in order to simplify the care process and prevent conflicts. They are guided by the size of the fish: large and small individuals will not be able to live together.
Viviparous fish have been very popular with aquarists for decades. They do not lay eggs, but immediately give birth to viable fry that can move and feed on their own. Such species are characterized by ease of care, they do not need to create special conditions for reproduction. At the same time, the fish have a wide range of colors and shapes.
Simple instruction: how to care for fish in an aquarium
The aquarium is a stylish addition to the interior that allows you to create a unique, lively atmosphere in the room. This effect is created only by a container that is well-groomed and filled with bright inhabitants. To achieve this, instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help. The opinions of psychologists agree that observing the life of fish allows you to take a break from everyday worries and relax. The smooth movements of the inhabitants of the water world look graceful and bewitching. Therefore, the aquarium performs not only an aesthetic, but also a health-improving function.
If you do not know which species to choose and how to care for the fish in the aquarium, the instructions will help you solve these issues. Among the most common are the following representatives of the ichthyofauna: platies, guppies, mollies and swordtails. The conditions of maintenance and care required for them are the same, which allows them to be settled in the same aquarium. Speckled catfish are the most popular among fish laying eggs.
Cockerels and goldfish are classics for aquarists. They are more difficult for beginners to deal with as they need to pay more attention. A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container. The instruction on how to care for fish in an aquarium recommends taking part of the water from the first when creating a second container. This method will help reduce the time for settling.
Instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium, point by point, suggest:
- Regular reading of a water thermometer. If there are deviations from the parameters recommended for this type of fish. heating activation.
- Viviparous representatives of ichthyofauna are suitable for temperatures from 18 to 28 ºC. But each individual species has its own preferences. Reproduction will only occur in this narrow temperature range.
- Control of water purity and hardness. Every 7 days, a third of the medium is removed, replaced with a new one.
- Checking the filter element and compressor, without which the normal existence of the inhabitants is impossible.
- The aquarium should be lit 10 to 12 hours a day.
- You need to feed the inhabitants 1-2 times a day. In the presence of fry, the number of meals is increased to 4. A portion of the feed is placed in the trough, which is usually eaten in 5-10 minutes. Remains must be removed (to prevent decay).
The given instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help beginners navigate the basic requirements for their maintenance and feeding. detailed information is worth studying for each specific species that you have.