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How to properly feed a castrated cat

How to properly feed a castrated cat

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How to feed a neuter cat correctly: is a diet needed?

Most of the cats living in the apartment underwent an operation to remove the genital glands. After such a surgical intervention, changes occur in the animal’s body, and the owners need to adjust the pet’s diet in order to avoid health problems.

The testes of a cat secrete male sex hormones into the bloodstream, which greatly affect metabolism. After parting with this organ, the cat may become prone to obesity, and in the absence of such an important stimulus as sexual instinct, the pet begins to be more interested in food than before. How to properly feed a castrated cat?

The simplest solution is to rely on the ready-to-eat food manufacturers who produce food for neutered animals. The difference between such diets from conventional foods is most often as follows:

  • reducing calories by reducing the amount of fat;
  • a decrease in the amount of carbohydrates, which is observed less often;
  • an increase in the amount of dietary fiber;
  • maintaining optimal urine pH for the prevention of urolithiasis.

Unfortunately, not all manufacturers take a responsible approach to the development of such feeds, often disregarding the fact that a castrated cat remains a predator with strictly defined biological needs.

Some overdo it with the amount of carbohydrates, others replace almost all of the animal protein with vegetable, apparently counting on the low digestibility of these components in carnivores, which will prevent the deposition of fat.

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Still others overload the diet with ballast substances, indigestible fiber, in order to reduce the animal’s appetite. All this definitely does not benefit the health of cats, therefore, to the question of how to properly feed a sterilized cat, there is only one answer: the diet must be of high quality, with a lot of meat, but the feeding rates must be reduced.

How to properly feed a castrated cat with dry food?

The daily dose of feed for animals that have undergone sterilization must be determined at the lower limit of the norm. At least start with this, and then look at the state of the animal and the change in its behavior. Some cats after the operation become calmer, move less and play less, others remain as active as before.

Accordingly, the former requires less feed than the latter, but this can only be determined experimentally. And it is better, we repeat, if necessary, increase the rate than start lowering it when the pet has already gained weight.

Dry food is poured into a bowl once or twice a day, that is, either once a day we give the full rate, or twice in half. Remember that the feeding behavior of a cat can change. if earlier he “ate to live”, and had other interests under the dictation of hormones, now it may well begin to “live to eat”.

If you start encouraging a plaintive meow with treats and tasty morsels, then this can become a habit, and the cat will inevitably begin to overeat. Weight must be constantly monitored, not relying on your visual impressions, but trusting only the readings of the device, that is, electronic scales.

Another point when feeding dry food is sufficient water intake by the pet. Drinking is very important for all cats as a prevention of urolithiasis, because they have very concentrated urine, and crystals form in it faster with a low fluid intake. This is especially true for castrated animals.

The amount of moisture in dry food can be only 8-10%, therefore, feeding a castrated cat with dry food will work correctly only with increased control over the drinking regime of the mustache.

To make the cat drink more, place several large bowls of water in different places of the house and periodically remind the animal to drink by bringing it to the water with its muzzle. If your cat loves to drink from the tap, give it that opportunity. As a last resort, you can feed your pet from a syringe without a needle.

Why do we need prevention of urolithiasis after castration

Many have heard that feeding castrated cats with ready-made food is harmful due to the development of urolithiasis, or that castration itself strongly affects the formation of crystals in the urine. In fact, the topic is rather subtle. Let’s try to figure out how to properly feed a cat after castration in order to protect him from the development of a dangerous ailment.

The formation of crystals and stones in the urine of cats is very common. This is due to an imbalance in the diet due to the high content of minerals, especially magnesium and phosphorus, as well as low meat and high vegetable fiber.

In herbivores, during the digestion of cellulose, substances are formed that provide a weakly alkaline reaction of secretions, and in predators, a weakly acidic one. An unbalanced diet, low in meat, leads to alkalization of the cat’s urine. The pH of the urine shifts, and a precipitate is formed in the form of salt crystals, which later can form stones of different sizes.

How does castration affect this? The urethra in cats is narrower, longer and curved than in cats. After castration, especially at an early age, it can become even narrower, and even a small amount of sediment in the urine forms a plug at the bend, which prevents the animal from going to the toilet normally. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle only exacerbate the condition.

What’s next? Excruciating pain when urinating, and in the worst case, if you do not see a doctor in time, kidney failure and bladder rupture.

Therefore, take the most responsible way of choosing food for your pet, the basis of which should be meat, not grain, do not overfeed the cat and take a general urine test every six months. Based on the result of the analysis, the veterinarian can prescribe a therapeutic diet and medications that will correct the condition of the animal, if there are indications.

Does this mean that it is dangerous to castrate? Not. As we already wrote, it’s about feeding the pet. An uncastrated cat can also get urolithiasis or crystalluria if it eats poor-quality food.

Does the diet of a castrated cat depend on breed and age??

Despite the prevailing stereotype, castration has little effect on the temperament of the animal. If the cat is not overfed or obese, it can remain mobile and playful for many years.

But there are some peculiarities associated with other factors, such as the breed of the animal and its age. It is no secret that various cat breeds have certain characteristics. For example, Orientals are naturally more energetic than Persians.

The owner must take into account the breed characteristics of his pet. For example, in order to understand how to properly feed a castrated British cat, you should remember about the tendency of this breed to gain weight. Such a cat may need to cut the daily ration to a minimum.

The same goes for older animals. With age, the metabolism slows down even more, and the body needs special support. Owners of cats over 7-8 years old should already think about how to properly feed an old castrated cat.

Perhaps you should switch to a diet for older sterilized animals or reduce the daily dosage of feed, add special vitamins or chondroprotectors to the diet. you should discuss such points with your veterinarian.

A balanced diet and its correct adjustment throughout life will allow the cat after castration to remain as active as before and live a long happy life, which the operation itself only contributes.

Why do we need prevention of urolithiasis after castration

Many have heard that feeding castrated cats with ready-made food is harmful due to the development of urolithiasis, or that castration itself strongly affects the formation of crystals in the urine. In fact, the topic is rather subtle. Let’s try to figure out how to properly feed a cat after castration in order to protect him from the development of a dangerous ailment.

The formation of crystals and stones in the urine of cats is very common. This is due to an imbalance in the diet due to the high content of minerals, especially magnesium and phosphorus, as well as low meat and high vegetable fiber.

In herbivores, during the digestion of cellulose, substances are formed that provide a weakly alkaline reaction of secretions, and in predators, a weakly acidic one. An unbalanced diet with little meat can alkalize your cat’s urine. The pH of the urine shifts, and a precipitate is formed in the form of salt crystals, which later can form stones of different sizes.

How does castration affect this? The urethra in cats is narrower, longer and curved than in cats. After castration, especially at an early age, it can become even narrower, and even a small amount of sediment in the urine forms a plug at the bend, which prevents the animal from going to the toilet normally. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle only exacerbate the condition.

What’s next? Excruciating pain when urinating, and in the worst case, if you do not see a doctor in time, kidney failure and bladder rupture.

Therefore, take the most responsible way of choosing food for your pet, the basis of which should be meat, not grain, do not overfeed the cat and take a general urine test every six months. Based on the result of the analysis, the veterinarian can prescribe a therapeutic diet and medications that will correct the condition of the animal, if there are indications.

Does this mean that it is dangerous to castrate? Not. As we already wrote, it’s about feeding the pet. An uncastrated cat can also get urolithiasis or crystalluria if it eats poor-quality food.

How to properly feed a castrated cat

properly, feed, castrated

Most of the cats living in the apartment underwent an operation to remove the genital glands. After such a surgical intervention, changes occur in the animal’s body, and the owners need to adjust the pet’s diet in order to avoid health problems.

Attention to water!

Another point when feeding dry food is sufficient water intake by the pet. Drinking is very important for all cats as a prevention of urolithiasis, because they have very concentrated urine, and with a low fluid intake, crystals are formed in it faster. This is especially true for castrated animals.

The amount of moisture in dry food can be only 8-10%, therefore, feeding a castrated cat with dry food will work correctly only with increased control over the drinking regime of the mustache.

To make the cat drink more, place several large bowls of water in different places of the house and periodically remind the animal to drink by bringing it to the water with its muzzle. If your cat loves to drink from the tap, give it that opportunity. As a last resort, you can feed your pet from a syringe without a needle.

How to properly feed a castrated cat with dry food?

The daily dose of feed for animals that have undergone sterilization must be determined at the lower limit of the norm. At least start with this, and then look at the state of the animal and the change in its behavior. Some cats after the operation become calmer, move less and play less, others remain as active as before.

Accordingly, the former requires less feed than the latter, but this can only be determined experimentally. And it is better, we repeat, if necessary, increase the rate than start lowering it when the pet has already gained weight.

Dry food is poured into a bowl once or twice a day, that is, either once a day we give the full rate, or twice in half. Remember that the feeding behavior of a cat can change. if earlier he “ate to live”, and had other interests under the dictation of hormones, now it may well begin to “live to eat”.

If you start encouraging a plaintive meow with treats and tasty morsels, then this can become a habit, and the cat will inevitably begin to overeat. Weight must be constantly monitored, not relying on your visual impressions, but trusting only the readings of the device, that is, electronic scales.

How to feed a neuter cat correctly: is a diet needed?

The testes of a cat secrete male sex hormones into the bloodstream, which greatly affect metabolism. After parting with this organ, the cat may become prone to obesity, and in the absence of such an important stimulus as sexual instinct, the pet begins to be more interested in food than before. How to properly feed a castrated cat?

The simplest solution is to rely on the ready-to-eat food manufacturers who produce food for neutered animals. The difference between such diets from conventional foods is most often as follows:

  • reducing calories by reducing the amount of fat;
  • a decrease in the amount of carbohydrates, which is observed less often;
  • an increase in the amount of dietary fiber;
  • maintaining optimal urine pH for the prevention of urolithiasis.

Unfortunately, not all manufacturers take a responsible approach to the development of such feeds, often disregarding the fact that a castrated cat remains a predator with strictly defined biological needs.

Some overdo it with the amount of carbohydrates, others replace almost all of the animal protein with vegetable, apparently counting on the low digestibility of these components in carnivores, which will prevent the deposition of fat.

Still others overload the diet with ballast substances, indigestible fiber, in order to reduce the animal’s appetite. All this definitely does not benefit the health of cats, therefore, to the question of how to properly feed a sterilized cat, there is only one answer: the diet must be of high quality, with a lot of meat, but the feeding rates must be reduced.

Does the diet of a castrated cat depend on breed and age??

Despite the prevailing stereotype, castration has little effect on the temperament of the animal. If the cat is not overfed or obese, it can remain mobile and playful for many years.

But there are some peculiarities associated with other factors, such as the breed of the animal and its age. It is no secret that various cat breeds have certain characteristics. For example, Orientals are naturally more energetic than Persians.

READ  How to Catch a Kitten Who Is Afraid of People

The owner must take into account the breed characteristics of his pet. For example, in order to understand how to properly feed a castrated British cat, you should remember about the tendency of this breed to gain weight. Such a cat may need to cut the daily ration to a minimum.

The same goes for older animals. With age, the metabolism slows down even more, and the body needs special support. Owners of cats over 7-8 years old should already think about how to properly feed an old castrated cat.

Perhaps you should switch to a diet for older sterilized animals or reduce the daily dosage of feed, add special vitamins or chondroprotectors to the diet. you should discuss such points with your veterinarian.

A balanced diet and its correct adjustment throughout life will allow the cat after castration to remain as active as before and live a long happy life, which the operation itself only contributes.

What food to choose for a castrated cat. industrial or natural?

Choosing between natural dietetic food and feed for neutered and neutered animals, the advantage remains with the latter. The biggest argument for this is the observance of the rules for the balance of all ingredients in industrial food. It is quite difficult to ensure this correctly with natural products under normal circumstances, and when circumstances are aggravated by the special needs of the pet, it is better to trust the professionals, and not to improvise yourself in cooking.

How to properly feed castrated cats?

The diet of a neutered cat or a neutered cat will differ from animals that are not devoid of sex drive. This is due to the features that arise as a result of the operation. After eliminating the pet’s passion for the opposite sex, the hormonal background changes dramatically. Interest in reproduction disappears, but another concern arises. excessive absorption of food, which sooner or later leads to obesity. It is important to fight with this, since excessive weight is the starting point for many diseases, in particular for urolithiasis. You can hear a lot of talk about the fact that after sterilization or castration, this ailment almost always occurs, if you do not take preventive measures. There is no scientific justification for such a statement, but in practice it really happens. The appearance of urolithiasis can be argued as follows:

  • the sterilized animal begins to urinate much less often, from which the urethra becomes clogged;
  • if the operation is performed at an early age, there is a high probability of underdevelopment of the urethra, which eventually loses its normal patency; excessive fatty layers impede the functioning of internal organs, which directly leads to the appearance of stones.

How to feed a castrated cat?

There are several ways to feed neutered and neutered cats and cats, and they will depend, first of all, on the type of the previous diet:

  • if the cat eats only natural food;
  • if the cat eats industrial food;
  • if the cat eats a mixed diet.

Cat Neuter Surgery | A walkthrough of the surgical procedure

Natural woman. If the cat ate natural food before switching to a special diet, then this type of feeding should be adhered to in the future. Neutered and neutered cats and cats are prescribed the following diet:

  • boiled lean meat, the ideal option would be. turkey;
  • fish. in limited quantities;
  • porridge. rice, oat, semolina, wheat;
  • vegetables. boiled cauliflower and carrots;
  • dairy products. cottage cheese, low-fat kefir in limited quantities;
  • as much water as possible.

Commercial canned food for neutered and neutered cats can be added to this diet. however, mixing them with natural products should be avoided. An acceptable option would be fasting days (3-6 per month), when the cat will eat only canned food, without using natural food.

Industrial food for neutered cats and neutered cats. Questions that often arise here will be related to the change of manufacturer and the frequency of use of the dietary feed:

  • It is important that the transition from regular feed to dietary feed is within the framework of the same manufacturer. Often the situation does not allow this, so the transition to a diet for castrated cats from a new brand is carried out gradually (within a month).
  • Diet food is used constantly, and not on a temporary basis, and it is impossible to alternate it with regular food, as many do. When feeding castrated and neutered animals with industrial food, it is important to know that they need more water more than ever, so there should always be fresh water near the bowl. Also, do not forget about wet food for sterilized, which should be at least 40% in the diet of cats.
  • Mixed meals. In principle, it is impossible to use industrial feed and natural products on the same day, not to mention animals after the removal of sexual desire. If the pet has eaten in this way before, then in the case of castration or sterilization, you will have to choose one type of food, otherwise urolithiasis and other ailments are provided.

Best food for a castrated cat?

From the above, you can immediately answer the question. how to feed a castrated cat? Specialized feed for animals with special needs! Such food can be found in an assortment of brands:

  • Royal Canin;
  • Club 4 paws;
  • Hills;
  • Brit;
  • Purina;
  • Profine;
  • 1-st Choise;
  • Nutra;
  • Perfect Fit;
  • Optemeal;
  • Whiskas.

The choice must be made in favor of one and this must be done taking into account 3 factors. the manufacturer of the previous food (it is recommended not to change it), the quality class (the higher the better) and the preferences of the animal itself.

How to properly feed your cat with dry food?

Some cat owners, especially those who are still inexperienced, opt for dry food because of the seeming simplicity of their use: the pet only needs to have a bowl into which food must be poured twice a day in the right amount. It remains only to make sure that there is fresh water in the other. and no hassle. In fact, the question of how to properly feed a cat with dry food is much more difficult.

With this type of feeding, it is very important to take care of the health of the animal and follow several feed recommendations from professionals.

Rule one. don’t mix

Some owners, “pitying” the pet, dilute its dry diet with natural food, which, in their opinion, is useful. This is how pork cutlets, smoked meats, salted fish appear in the bowl. that is, everything that is actually contraindicated for cats. When pets have problems with the liver and pancreas, it is highly likely that the reason lies precisely in how the owners preferred to feed them.

In addition, there is another reason why you cannot give homemade food and dry food at the same time. they are digested with the help of different enzymes. The amount of gastric juice also differs. Therefore, mixing these types of food gives a double load on both the stomach and the liver.

A separate topic concerns the mixing of dry and wet food. There is no consensus on this matter, but in principle, you can periodically give canned food (best of all. from one manufacturer). At the same time, it is important to ensure that they make up no more than a quarter of the daily diet. The problem with wet food is that cats love it much more, which is why they tend to overeat. and this is a direct path to dangerous obesity.

Rule three. water must be required

over, it is the water that is clean and always fresh. Some owners, again showing dubious care for the pet, replace it with milk. However, this should not be done with an adult cat, otherwise it will have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

Fluid volume is also important. if you feed your cat dry food, you need to triple the daily recommended by veterinarians. In this case, it is calculated depending on the amount of feed: it should be three times more.

There are cats who drink too little, for which the choice of unsaturated food can even be dangerous. If for some reason it is impossible to give canned food, you must first soak dry cat food in the appropriate proportion. It turns out a kind of soup: at first the animal may refuse it, but if you show persistence, it will gradually get used to it and it will become easier to feed it.

Rule four. give just as much feed as you need

On the packaging of good food, it is always indicated how much dry food should be given to the cat. Gullible owners think that the portions are designed by experts and are exactly suitable for an animal of this weight and age. However, in fact, even the best producers are often cunning, because they are interested in the feed being run out faster and, accordingly, bought again.

You can and should use the sign, but with your own little trick. in your mind, reduce the weight of the cat by kilogram and feed him with such a portion of food, as if he really weighed less. Such advice will allow you to keep the health of the animal in order and save it from overeating. and, accordingly, obesity again.

For the same reason, it is better to check the volume of a food measuring cup. and these are often included with packaging. on a kitchen scale. Sometimes the owners overfeed their pets and do not know it themselves.

Rule five. do not change feed (if possible)

Cats are not people, they do not get bored of a monotonous diet, moreover, such feeding with canned and dry food is useful for them, since a delicate cat’s stomach gets used to food, and the animal gets sick much less often.

If, for some reason, you still need to change the feed, then the transfer must certainly be carried out gradually and after consultation with a veterinarian, who will tell you the correct scheme.

In general, a two-week transition scheme is used, which looks like this: at the first feeding, 20% of the new feed is added, then with each feeding (and you need to feed it twice a day), a little more is added until the old one is completely replaced by it. It is also useful for the reason that in the process you can observe how the cat’s body reacts to such changes. Perhaps it is worth picking up something else. diarrhea, constipation, and other atypical reactions to food speak of such a need.

It is very important not to change it during some stressful period of life for the cat. otherwise it will associate such a change with unpleasant sensations and will have a negative attitude towards the new food.

Rule two. only the best

To properly feed the cat with dry food, you only need to choose the super premium category.

Cheap ready-made feed has a number of significant disadvantages:

  • made from completely useless parts of animals and birds. hooves, feathers, bones are processed for it;
  • there is a lot of gluten in such food, which is completely unacceptable, since it is one of the most powerful cat allergens.

So economy class food poses a direct threat to the health of the cat.

What you need to know about dry food: nuances

There are some other aspects of cat feeding that the responsible owner should be aware of:

  • the animal does not need additional vitamins. there are enough of them in the feed, if, of course, it is of high quality. Some manufacturers even supplement their food with multipaste to remove wool from the stomach, which is very good;
  • high-class food in the long run allows you to save money. at least on trips to the veterinarian, each of which is well paid;
  • the quality of dry food can be determined using the Fredalina scale, which assumes assessment on a 100-point scale, only points are not added, but subtracted. You can find it on the Internet.

In fact, many cats prefer dry food, it is very healthy for them, so do not consider such a diet to be some kind of stress. The main thing is to feed them correctly.

Ingredients

  • 1 kg of chicken thighs;
  • 100 g raw chicken liver;
  • 200 g raw chicken hearts;
  • 125 ml of water;
  • 2 egg yolks;
  • 1 g taurine;
  • 2 g fish oil;
  • 100 mg of vitamin B;
  • 100 IU (67 mg) vitamin E
  • 4 g iodized salt or iodine supplement;
  • 10 g psyllium powder.

Prohibited products

  • Chocolate. May cause irregular heartbeat, excessive thirst, and increased urination.
  • Onion and garlic. They contain a substance that destroys red blood cells, which can lead to hemolytic anemia.
  • Milk. May disrupt the gastrointestinal tract and cause diarrhea.
  • Alcohol. Makes the animal excitable, causes tachycardia, impaired coordination of movements and difficulty breathing.
  • Yeast dough. Causes increased gas formation.
  • Fruit pips. They emit hydrocyanic acid and can cause poisoning.
  • Grapes and raisins. Contains toxins that can lead to kidney failure.
  • Avocado. May cause breathing problems, upset stomach and intestines.
  • Macadamia nuts. Provoke lethargy, vomiting, fever, and movement disturbances.
  • Xylitol sweetener. Increases insulin secretion, which can lead to vomiting, seizures, poor coordination, and even loss of consciousness.

Natural food recipe from Sergey Lozhkov

This food can be fed to a healthy cat weighing about 2.5 kg. If the animal has chronic diseases, the prescription must be corrected with the doctor.

How to feed your cat natural food

What are cat food

Do not be fooled by the word “natural” in self-feeding: in fact, ready-made foods are also made from natural ingredients, but at the same time, taking into account the specific needs of the cat.

It is very difficult to achieve complete nutrition at home. Something your animal will miss, something, on the contrary, will be in excess. Finished feeds are designed to avoid this.

But alternating dry and wet ready-made feed is quite acceptable, especially if they are created by the same manufacturer.

Dry food promotes mechanical cleaning of teeth and supports digestion (it contains about 4% fiber). Wet food has about five times fewer calories than dry food, so it provides balanced nutrition and prevents your pet from gaining excess weight.

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Alexander Tkachev, Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Vice President of the Association of Practicing Veterinarians of the Russian Federation

Ready food is divided not only into types (dry and wet), but also into classes: economy, premium, super premium and holistic. When choosing, it is worth paying attention to.

The difference between feeds is in the raw materials used and in the packaging itself. For example, an economy class feed may contain offal. This reduces the cost of feed.

However, this does not mean that you cannot feed your cat with cheaper food. It is much more important that it be complete.

The package must indicate that the feed is complete. This means that it contains the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, trace elements and vitamins. They provide the pet with health and activity.

Alexander Tkachev, Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Vice President of the Association of Practicing Veterinarians of the Russian Federation

Of course, the breed and age of the animal should be taken into account. For all these cases, special feeds are being developed.

In addition, you need to know if your pet has any medical conditions. For example, if you have chronic renal failure, you should feed your cat medicated food with alkalizing substances and low protein and phosphorus.

Sergey Lozhkov, therapist of the Center network of veterinary clinics

Acceptable Products

The foods below can be included in the diet of an animal. But, of course, you cannot give them haphazardly.

  • Meat and offal: chicken, turkey, rabbit, beef. It is better to freeze or boil meat in order to destroy harmful microorganisms that may be in it.
  • Low-fat boiled fish without bones, it is better to choose sea.
  • Egg yolks. better boiled.
  • Cheese, cottage cheese and fermented milk products of medium fat content: kefir, sour cream, fermented baked milk, yogurt, cream.
  • Cereals: steamed oatmeal, boiled cereals. rice, buckwheat, wheat groats.
  • Raw or cooked vegetables in mashed potatoes: carrots, cauliflower, green beans.
  • Greens: lettuce, spinach.
  • Dry brewer’s yeast.
  • Vegetable oil.
  • Mineral and vitamin supplements.

How to feed your cats properly: expert advice

Veterinarians told Lifehacker what and how to feed the pets to keep them healthy and active.

Preparation

Remove 25% of the bones from the chicken thighs and peel off half of the skin (if the cat is obese, remove all of the skin). Grind the meat together with the bones to a minced state.

If using boneless meat, do not forget to add calcium in a ratio of 1 g per 30 g of meat.

Mix the minced meat with the remaining ingredients. Store prepared food in the refrigerator or freezer. The daily allowance for a cat is 2–4% of its weight. If the pet is overweight, the daily allowance is calculated from the ideal weight.

Do not forget that natural feeding requires knowledge of many nuances. If you decide to practice it, it is better to consult a doctor so as not to harm your beloved cat.

How to properly feed a castrated cat

You cannot feed a castrated cat with any food! This is the first rule that the owner must remember. For the well-being of your pet, you should follow these principles:

  • minimize the consumption of foods containing calcium (milk, hard cheese, soy), magnesium (buckwheat unground, fish) and phosphorus (fish, seafood);
  • make sure that the cat drinks enough liquid (the ratio of water to food should be 3: 1);
  • alternate wet and dry types of food if the animal prefers ready-made food (for example, offer canned food in the morning and in the evening, and give pellets for lunch in your absence and at night);
  • if you are gaining weight rapidly, reduce the frequency of feedings, but the size of the serving portion. The daily norm of industrial feed depends on weight and averages 40-70 grams for small animals and 70-100 grams for more well-fed pets. The volume is divided by 3-4 times (for young cats) and 1-2 doses for adults;
  • enrich the diet with vitamin complexes (especially important with a natural diet);
  • monitor urine pH by taking tests every six months;
  • do not overfeed. The abundance of food, although it will delight the pet, will lead to the appearance of various diseases.

Consider what you need to feed a cat after a castration operation to prevent obesity and urolithiasis.

Factory-made food is an ideal option, which greatly simplifies the life of the owners of castrated cats. On the back of the package, the recommended portion of food is always indicated, depending on the weight and gender of the animal. It is necessary to be guided by this figure and not to pamper your pet, arranging for him a “feast of the stomach”.

Veterinarians recommend choosing good quality specialized feeds from the premium, super premium or holistic segments with a special badge. “Sterilized Cat”. In such food, fats and carbohydrates are reduced, but the concentration of proteins is increased. They also contain substances that artificially lower the acidity of urine and prevent the appearance of stones.

Well-known brands have developed special lines for castrated cats, taking into account the nutritional characteristics of such animals:

  • in the premium segment, these are Pro Plan, Hills Feline, Royal Canin;
  • among the “super-premium” feeds, 1st Choice, Eukanuba, Bosch Sanabelle are distinguished;
  • from the category “holistic”. Grandorf, Farmina, Pronature Holistic, Acana.

Budget brands (Whiskas, Kiticat and others) are popular precisely because of their low cost. However, the composition of the food of these brands contains not very high quality ingredients. Their frequent consumption negatively affects the health of pets. However, when buying any food, even high-class food, you should not expect that the cat will like the food right away. A suitable option must be sought empirically, offering the animal various brands.

Remember that the menu of a castrated cat should include not only dry food, but also canned food in a ratio of 70:30. It is better to choose products of one brand, since the composition of even brands of the same segment varies significantly.

Dry granules are stored for a long time and have an optimal ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Solid food is essential for the prevention of dental and gum problems. But with this type of food, cats drink more liquid, so you need to constantly monitor the fullness of the bowl of water.

The animal’s diet should also contain wet food, which:

  • sold in portioned sachets, designed for 1-2 times, so the risk of overeating is minimal;
  • contains a lot of moisture to maintain the body’s water balance and prevent diseases of the urinary system;
  • presented in a wide range of different flavors and textures (sauces, jellies, soups).

The prepared food is well balanced and provides the animal with all the nutrients necessary for well-being. But you should not overfeed your pet, for which it is recommended to measure portions using a special cup (there is a scale on it). After 7 years of age, the daily ration is reduced by about 200-300 grams to prevent obesity and problems with the cardiovascular system.

Natural food

If you feed a castrated cat with regular food, then you need to take care of the correct diet, which is based on:

  • meat and poultry that provide protein and B vitamins. Choose lean types. chicken, rabbit, beef, turkey;
  • meat by-products cannot completely replace meat, but are necessary to expand the menu. These are chicken (or turkey) liver and ventricles, beef tongue, lungs and heart;
  • oatmeal, rice, buckwheat and millet porridge;
  • seasonal vegetables (make up 10-15% of the daily diet). Cats can be offered carrots, beets, squash, pumpkin, cauliflower, broccoli, greens, and spinach. Potatoes contain a lot of starch, so it is better to exclude it from the menu;
  • fermented milk products with a low percentage of fat (cottage cheese, acidophilus, kefir, fermented baked milk and yogurt);
  • chicken and / or quail eggs. The first ones are boiled, and the second ones are offered raw 1-2 times a week.

Untreated fresh meat or offal is not recommended. First, the tenderloin or fillet is cut into portions, boiled in unsalted water, finely chopped and mixed with the finished porridge. Vegetables are grated, herbs are chopped, and then mixed with porridge or meat. Sprouted grains (oats, wheat, barley) are given to cats to maintain stomach function.

Young castrates are fed 3-4 times a day, adults. 1-2 times. The daily requirement is 30-40 grams per 1 kg of weight. The resulting figure is divided by the recommended number of meals. Even if the cat begs for food, looking at you with sad eyes, do not succumb to manipulation. It is better for the health of the animal if it remains a little hungry.

Don’t give food from your table! In addition, the following foods should not be present in the diet:

  • fatty pork;
  • fish (especially sea fish);
  • ready-made canned food;
  • milk;
  • flour products;
  • semi-finished products and smoked meats;
  • legumes and pasta.

Fatty fish (sea fish) contains a huge amount of phosphorus, so it should be completely excluded from the daily menu of the animal! Smoked or salted foods increase the risk of urolithiasis in the operated cat.

Eating a castrated cat at home

Castration of a cat is a simple surgery to remove the testes, after which the animal quickly recovers. Neutered animals live several years longer and have a more good-natured character. However, the intervention increases the risk of developing genitourinary diseases. Why this happens and whether it can be prevented by changing the diet, we will tell in this article.

Changes in the life of a cat after castration

Testes in healthy and non-castrated cats produce sex hormones that literally “push” animals on all sorts of adventures: active flirting with the opposite sex and defending territory. Having lost such an important organ after the operation, the pet is forced to change the sphere of its interests and switch to food. This leads to overeating, weight gain and, as a result, cardiovascular problems. In addition, after castration in an animal:

  • metabolism slows down;
  • the balance of hormones changes;
  • energy requirements are reduced;
  • appetite increases by about 20%;
  • narrowing of the urethra (especially when neutering kittens up to a year);
  • fewer trips to the toilet.

Such changes are natural, since sexual instincts do not dominate and are replaced by quite everyday desires. to sleep and eat well. The owner’s task is not to indulge the pet, but to balance his diet and add physical activity.

Narrowing of the urethra after castration can lead to the fact that the formed small crystals are not excreted in the urine, but are deposited on the walls of the organs in the form of stones. The urethra in the operated cats is very narrow, so even a small amount of sediment can completely block the urethra. The animal cannot go to the toilet and is in severe pain.

Difficulty urinating is also diagnosed in non-castrated cats. The reason is the predominance of phosphorus and magnesium-containing foods in the diet. Only now the lack of physical activity and obesity in animals that have undergone the removal of testes aggravates the problem.

The above consequences can be neutralized by adjusting the diet.

Sample menu

For adult cats, the daily requirement is determined at the rate of 30-40 grams per 1 kg of body weight. In this case, 50% of the diet should be meat or poultry, offal, 30%. various dairy products, 10%. cereals and the same amount of vegetables and herbs.

Diet for 1 day for a cat weighing about 4 kg:

Breakfast: cottage cheese (30-40 grams), chopped vegetables (10 grams) with the addition of vegetable oil (2 grams), 10 grams of kefir (fermented baked milk), water.

Lunch: 50-60 grams of boiled chicken, water.

Dinner: 40-60 grams of rabbit meat, 10 grams of yogurt or kefir.

Breakfast: 20-30 grams of cottage cheese, 1/2 4 boiled chicken yolk, water.

Lunch: 40-50 grams of boiled chicken hearts or liver, boiled rice (5 grams), herbs and vegetables (5 grams), water.

Dinner: 60-70 grams of beef with vegetable oil (2 grams), 10 grams of kefir, water.

Feeding castrated pets has a number of features that need to be considered for those who are concerned about the health of their pets. First of all, make sure that the bowl of water is not empty. It is advisable to regularly draw the attention of the animal to the fact that you need to drink a little liquid. It is useful to play with cats to warm up and keep fit, and so that food is not the only entertainment available.

Give preference to specialized feeds marked “Sterilized Cat”. But buy not only dry snacks, but also ready-made canned food in cans. Moisture-rich food will help your pet avoid digestive problems. To prevent urolithiasis, exclude foods with phosphorus, calcium and magnesium from the menu (primarily fish and dairy products with high fat content). Feed neuter cats often (4-5 times a day), but in small portions, this prevents overeating and rapid weight gain.

The health of a beloved pet depends on the diet offered by the owner. A balanced menu significantly reduces the risk of health problems. Your pet will be able to live a long, joyful life if you take care of its nutrition.!

Royal Canin Neutered Young Male

Despite criticism of the basic line of Royal Canin, produced in Russia and quite often counterfeited, specialized feed of this brand is still of fairly high quality.

Royal Canin Neutered Young Male is designed for neutered cats from the moment of surgery until the age of seven. Do not be indignant that this is gender discrimination: Royal Canin also has its own specialized food for cats.!

Unfortunately, the food packaging does not indicate the percentage of protein (s) and carbohydrates. Therefore, those who like to independently analyze the composition of the feed and draw conclusions will have to smash their brains over the Royal Canin Neutered Young Male.

Rice is the first in the list of ingredients, which means that this is the component that is most in the granules, and only proteins of animal origin go further down the list. Not the worst, although not at all ideal option for adult animals. There is no corn in the composition. it is almost completely useless raw material for cheap advertised feed.

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Reduces the risk of developing diabetes mellitus and is the prevention of urolithiasis Royal Canin Neutered Young Male feed due to the reduced level of starch and the addition of L-carnitine.

Owners of castrated cats who have tried this food are divided into two camps: some are completely satisfied with Royal Canin Neutered Young Male, the second are ringing the alarm about the fact that the food does not protect against Urolithiasis (urolithiasis), but on the contrary provokes it. Although none of the serious studies of the latter assumption have confirmed.

Whichever of the listed food you choose for your pet, remember that the animal should have a bowl of clean water freely available around the clock. Otherwise, even the most ideal feed composition does not guarantee the absence of health problems.

How to feed a castrated cat

Natural food for neutered cats

A number of animal owners do not trust factory feed and prefer to feed the castrated cat straight. It should be remembered that cats have a different need for proteins, fats and carbohydrates than humans, and therefore will have to work hard to find a balanced diet.

Proper natural feeding of a sterilized cat is, first of all, meat. But necessarily low-fat: chicken, turkey, rabbit, horse meat, veal.

After purchase, it is advisable to immediately cut the meat into portioned pieces and pack it in bags, put it in the freezer for at least 10 days. Storage at subzero temperatures will allow you to get rid of most, but, alas, not all, parasites. Before giving meat, it must be boiled. The remaining parasites will certainly not survive heat treatment.

During cooking, a lean and nutritious broth remains from the meat. It can be given in its pure form, or you can cook porridge on its basis.

Almost any cereals are suitable: buckwheat, corn, wheat, barley, oat, rice. Semolina can sometimes be given, but it is practically useless.

In addition to meat, the diet of a castrated cat must contain offal, but no more than 1-2 times a week.

The lungs, liver, heart, kidneys, stomachs and other “liver” contain a large amount of nutrients, which are much less or not at all in muscle fibers (meat).

The offal must also be boiled before serving. Important! This component of the diet is less high in calories than meat, so it needs about one and a half times more in volume.

It should be remembered that cats cannot fish. First of all, the river. You can pamper a kotofey with sea fish, but not more often than once a week. A fish-based diet is the shortest path to urolithiasis, which almost always ends in surgery at best and death at worst.

Not every cat loves vegetables, but he needs them. They will bring most benefits fresh. On a fine grater, you can grate carrots, cabbage (white cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower), bell peppers, beets.

Tomato crushed into gruel by the brandy not only contains a large amount of vitamins and trace elements, but also fights tartar (albeit only if the portion of food mainly consists of tomato, but there is a high risk of a harmless but unpleasant short-term indigestion). Cats usually like potatoes, but they are practically useless, and in some cases even harmful even in small quantities.

From fruits, you can give only apples (necessarily without seeds and peels), but only if they are local, seasonal.

What will you learn from the article

After the cat has been deprived of the “most expensive” thing when visiting a veterinary clinic, namely the ability to love and give birth, it is time to take care of changing the cat’s diet. Honestly, it was necessary to mix the new feed with the old one even earlier in order to ensure a smooth transition and minimize troubles with the gastrointestinal tract.

In this article, we will discuss only how to feed a castrated cat.

In castrated cats, physical activity decreases, but appetites increase, therefore, after surgery and until old age, a special diet should be adhered to, which does not allow gaining weight.

An increase in body weight entails not only a loss of beauty (although many for some reason like fat animals that look like barrels), but also health problems: lameness, hair problems, diabetes mellitus, an enlarged liver, early wear of the heart muscle.

A ready-made factory feed, specially designed to meet the needs of animals that have undergone these operations, can be ideal for a neutered or neutered cat.

Ready-made food for neutered cats

Cheap food contains a lot of fiber, as well as a lot of flavors and preservatives, which will negatively affect your pet’s health over time.

Rating of the best food for neutered cats 2020:

  • Hill’s Science Plan Sterilized Cat.
  • ACANA Grasslands.
  • GRANDORF 4 Meat Brown Rice Sterilized.
  • Golden Eagle Holistic Adult Cat.
  • Royal Canin Neutered Young Male.

Let’s take a closer look at the composition of each feed.

GRANDORF 4 Meat Brown Rice Sterilized

Finding holistic food at an affordable price is the dream of many cat owners. And if you buy GRANDORF 4 Meat Brown Rice Sterilized, then the dream becomes a reality.

This food is specially developed for sterilized and neutered animals. On the packaging, the manufacturer proudly indicated that the food contains 109 live probiotics (bioactive additives with microcultures used for therapeutic purposes).

The feed is excellent for castrates, as it contains a lot of proteins, but little carbohydrates, as well as the optimal ash content (amount of mineral substances) of the feed: no more than 7%. Cat owners note that their animals are happy to eat pellets (by the way, rather small), which are 70% meat, but do not contain useless ballast substances.

The advantages of the food include the disappearance of amber from the mouth of cats, an improvement in the condition of the coat. It is also important that about a week after switching to this food, the stool is completely normalized, it becomes shaped and practically odorless, which indicates the restoration of the intestinal microflora.

The lack of food is most often called the small size of the granules, which sometimes get stuck between the teeth of cats.

Hill’s Science Plan Sterilized Cat

The food is designed for animals aged from six months to 6 years. It is produced in two versions: with chicken and with tuna. Both formulations are balanced in terms of protein, fat and carbohydrates.

Among the disadvantages is the presence of cereals, as well as corn gluten flour. Only in a number of cases cats eat Hill’s Science Plan Sterilized Cat without appetite, most of them eat it with pleasure, but despite the limited portions (and this restriction is mandatory for neuter), they do not beg for food, which means they do not starve.

ACANA Grasslands

This food is designed for cats and cats of any breed and any age. He, like all the described food, is full-ration, that is, apart from him and water, animals can no longer be given anything at all. ACANA Grasslands pellets are 70% composed of lamb, duck, chicken eggs with the addition of yellow perch fillets.

The food is grain-free, which means that the cat will not look like a barrel in six months or a year, but it is very nutritious. it often needs a smaller amount than other high-quality food.

Pet owners consider large granules to be the disadvantages of food, but for castrated cats this is even good: they will not get stuck in their teeth, but when chewing, they will clean their teeth from plaque.

Neutered owners note that after switching to ACANA Grasslands, their cats become more active, more often offer their owners to play, and are more interested in the world around them. For 2-4 weeks of regular feeding with this food, the condition of the skin and coat improves.

How to feed your cat

Feeding your cats natural food

Of course, it is quite difficult to optimally balance the ratio of nutrients, vitamins and minerals in natural food. But if you have chosen this type of food for your pet, then this is acceptable. The main thing is to remember that a cat is not a person and feeding the cat with food from the master’s table is not at all suitable.

The cat is a predator and the basis of the diet should be meat and meat offal (stomachs, hearts, lungs).

Meat is given lean (beef or poultry), boiled or frozen.

It is advised to give offal raw, but personally I would not risk it, so I advise you to boil it a little before giving it to the cat. Meat is given at least once a week at least 100. 150 g.

Boil vegetables (carrots, cauliflower, asparagus beans) or give them raw several times a week. Can be mixed with meat.

Cook porridge (oatmeal, rice, buckwheat) and mix with meat and vegetables. Combined with meat can be served as a main course for many years.

Fermented milk products (low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat kefir or fermented baked milk) should be given 2-3 times a week. The frequency depends on how the cat’s stomach perceives such foods. Milk is not recommended as it can cause diarrhea in the cat.

Vegetable oil (1/2 teaspoon). mix 3 times a week with food for normal bowel function.

Sprouted oats. source of vitamins, helps to cleanse the intestines.

Vitamin complexes. be sure to give! Especially those containing arginine and taurine, arachidonic acid, glucosamine.

What will you learn from the article

When your cat reaches the age of 1 year, it’s time to completely switch to the diet and feeding regimen of an adult animal. The thing is that the diet of a kitten and an adult cat is significantly different. In order to maintain a healthy and playful mood about what to feed the cat. The main differences from kitten nutrition:

Feeding the cat with ready-to-eat foods

Economy. made from cheaper second-grade raw materials. Feed of this class contains meat by-products, soy, which provides a low energy value of such feed. As a consequence, the cat needs large amounts of food to be satisfied. There are also a lot of preservatives, dyes and flavor enhancers, so it is undesirable to feed the animal with such food for a long time. When feeding economy class, it is necessary to additionally give vitamin and mineral supplements.

Premium. in the manufacture of such feed, natural meat is used, but they cannot do without offal. Vegetable protein is also added. corn and a preservative with dyes. Better than the economy one, therefore, quite often such feeds are used for a long time. You can add vitamins and minerals by giving them in courses.

From personal experience I will add that Sheba canned food is really good, because if it says on the jar that there is food with mussels and shrimps inside, then there really is these seafood inside (I saw it myself).

Also in the super premium class there are special therapeutic diets for cats with different body needs. But such feed should only be given as directed by a veterinarian.

How many times to feed?

How often a cat is fed depends on age, physical activity and health.

Pregnant, lactating and malnourished animals can, and should, eat more often and receive more food than others. But neutered and neutered animals usually need less energy, and, therefore, less food. Veterinarians who observe your animal should give precise recommendations on this matter.

The cat CANNOT just be fed 2 times a day. they produce bile by emissions, so they eat little and often.

Specialized articles:

How to feed your cat properly

If you feed your animal with industrial ready-made feed, then pay attention to the feeding recommendations, which are written on the food packaging. Usually these are fairly adequate recommendations that serve as advice, but this does not mean at all that these recommendations are an undeniable postulate. It all depends on the physical activity of your cat and, remember that sometimes it is better to underfeed than overfeed, especially in hot summer.

[green_box] Remember that the only thing your cat should always have free access to is water. [/ green_box]

If you feed your cat with natural food, then the approximate calculation of food per feeding looks like this: 30-70 g of food per 1 kg of animal. But I repeat that it all depends on the health status, age and physical activity of the cat.

[green_box] Another plus of ready-made feed is that it is easy to calculate the required amount of food for one meal. [/ green_box]

Be attentive to the needs of your pet and choose the type of food that will not only be convenient for you, but also suit your pet in all respects. Remember that understanding what to feed your cat is the key to the health and longevity of your pet.