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How to properly feed fish in an aquarium

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How and how much to feed aquarium fish.

It is pleasant and interesting to feed the fish or just three rules of the wizard.

Rules for feeding aquarium fish: how and how much to feed, but not only.

What artificial fish food can be:

You can approach the solution of the feeding problem from a different angle. feed the fish with artificial dry combined feed, finely chopped beef heart, squid fillet, omelet, special cakes cooked in the microwave, homemade cottage cheese or yogurt, and even canned green peas and semolina porridge. And yet. buckwheat!

First, let’s say a few words about commercially available dry combination feed. Even today, some novice aquarists believe that dry food is nothing more than dry daphnia or gammarus, which were used to feed aquarium fish back in the century before last. However, this is not the case. Modern dry food is a complex mixture of many dozen components. They are made using special, almost secret technologies. Compared to them, the bags with the aforementioned dried crustaceans look like a useless anachronism.

Dried gammarus itself is not a good food, but as a chitin-containing additive in homemade food for aquarium fish, it is very good. But he causes allergies too often.

Of the imported dry feeds, the most available feeds are from Tetra, Dajana, Sera, JBL, AZOO. Their assortment is wide enough so that you can always find something suitable for your pets. There are, for example, food for discus, catfish, goldfish, as well as food of a universal composition. All of them contain biologically active substances and vitamins necessary for fish, are balanced in the content of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The feed recipe is designed taking into account the characteristics of digestion and the specific needs of certain groups of fish. Nevertheless, universal foods that can be used to feed all fish in the aquarium at once give very good results.
Food for aquarium fish can be flaked, granular, and can combine the properties of both flakes and granules. the so-called creeps. In my opinion, it is most correct to use granules of a suitable caliber, in this case the contamination of the aquarium water by uneaten food debris and organic matter extracted from the feed particles into the water is the least. In addition to imported fish feed, there are also much cheaper, but good quality domestic ones on sale. For example, a whole series of food for aquarium fish, fry and juveniles “Aqua-Menu”. All of them ensure the full existence and growth of aquarium fish.
When using dry combo feeds, do not forget that they cannot be stored forever, so the first thing to do when buying them. check the expiration date. At home, after opening the package, the shelf life of such food is limited to at most 4 months, while the food should not be allowed to become damp or heated (for example, if the jar is placed on a warm aquarium lid). Store food in a tightly closed container. And when buying, do not strive to buy a larger jar. It is better to take the minimum package, the contents of which will dry out in a month or two. In this case, the loss of nutritional value of the feed, which is inevitable during storage, will be the smallest.
If dry food is so good, why bother with anything else? They are good, but not perfect. Simply opening the jar and pouring food into the fish is easy and simple, with a minimum of hassle. But, as a rule, in the life of every aquarist there comes a period when he switches to more complex feeding patterns. Firstly, you want to achieve perfect results, and secondly, everyone always wants variety, at least in food. Hence and

FIRST RULE OF FEEDING AQUARIUM FISH: A varied diet is undoubtedly good for both you and your fish!

Beef heart, grated with fine shavings (for this you need to freeze it a little), is loved by many fish. Even small neons will not refuse to taste it (naturally, with the appropriate shavings caliber). In terms of the content of easily digestible protein, this is the champion among feeds. Its use can significantly reduce the cost of such gluttons as, for example, discus and astronotus. over, perhaps only with his help, they can be really well fed. But it should be borne in mind that the leftovers from this food are extremely good for the development of planarian worms, which are always found in any aquarium. Normally, they are not harmful, they are nocturnal and therefore practically invisible. But with excessive feeding of fish with the heart, that is, when its remains are not eaten at the bottom of the aquarium, the number of these worms rapidly increases to incredible numbers. Their hordes begin to crawl along the walls of the aquarium even during the day and glide in the water column. Of course, this does not paint the aquarium, in addition, planaria can attack fish. Hence and

Read immediately about how and how much to feed aquarium fish

If you have a beautiful aquarium shining with crystal water, and the fish in it are plump and cheerful. then you are the owner of a miracle and you no longer need to read this text. But miracles, as you know, rarely happen, including truly live aquariums. Why? Because feeding the fish is pleasant and interesting, healthy fish are insatiable, recklessly chasing every crumb, and you always want to give them something else and more. This is usually done, and very soon the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy. and the fish start to feel sad and die a little. The biological balance in the aquarium with uncontrolled feeding of fish quickly becomes hopelessly disturbed.

THE SECOND RULE OF FEEDING AQUARIUM FISH: within 5-10 minutes after adding food to the aquarium, everything should be eaten!

In fact, feeding the fish is not difficult, you just need to know how to do it and how much to feed.

There are simple feeding rules that you need to follow and get your hands on a little. because understanding comes with experience. But first, a few words about what to feed.
Live natural food, such as bloodworms, tubifex, cortetra, daphnia, cyclops, are very fond of fish. They are easy to digest and rich in vitamins. Fish, feeding on them, grow rapidly, and from Daphnia and Cyclops they also brightly colored. But the trouble is, this prosperity may not last long. Along with live food, pathogens of fish diseases will sooner or later enter the aquarium. After all, these feeds are caught in natural reservoirs, most of which have their own fish population, and in nature, rare fish are free from parasites.
In an aquarium, fish are usually very sick and, as a rule, die without qualified treatment. Therefore, unless you are good at treating fish ailments, refrain from using live food from nature. It is safe to feed fish only with brine shrimp nauplii and grown brine shrimp, microworm (vinegar eels), grindal, aulophorus. These are live food, but they are not from nature, but they must be bred at home. Not all aquarists can cope with this task.
The risk of contamination of fish from natural live food will be greatly reduced if the acquired live food is immediately frozen. Freezing for several days at temperatures below 18 ° C will kill fish ectoparasites. You will not be insured against bacterial infections in this way, but they rarely occur in dysfunctional aquariums.

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Quickly frozen bloodworms, if stored at a temperature of 12 ° C and below, retains color, shape and, judging by the enthusiasm with which fish eat it, taste. Many aquarists, including members of our forum, freeze bloodworms on their own.

How many times to feed the goldfish in the aquarium

Goldfish are extremely popular for their beauty and diversity. After all, this name unites several types of fish that are different in appearance. The answer to the question of how many times you need to feed the fish in the aquarium, in relation to goldfish, is practically the same as the information on the nutrition of other aquarium fish. It is also important here not to overfeed the pets; you need to add food no more than twice a day. Perhaps one is enough.

How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium

Guppy. completely unpretentious fish. However, their brightness and health depend on feeding. In feeding, an alternation of live and dry food is used. You can include compound feed, cereals in the diet. But it should not be forgotten that dry food, especially such as compound feed, pollutes the water more. Therefore, you will have to clean the aquarium more often. But the fish, thanks to the variety in the nutritious diet, will delight the aquarist with their bright colors and lively mood.

The importance of a fasting day

Sometimes fish are so obese that they practically lose the ability to swim. A useful option for goldfish would be a fasting day once a week. In order not to get confused and not to break the regime, it is enough to choose one specific day of the week, and on this day do not feed the fish. Thanks to this, they will burn excess fat, as well as pick up all the previously unclaimed feed.

How and how many times to feed the fish in the aquarium?

Of all types of pets, many people prefer aquarium fish. After all, they have tremendous advantages over other animals. And if you take care of them correctly, then there will be no problems at all.

How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium

There is no allergy to fish, they are silent all the time. The contemplation of the swimming beauties is soothing. In addition, the fish are relatively unpretentious. But still, some rules should be followed.

Do not forget to control the amount of feed poured. It’s easier to toss a couple of times, pinch it at a time, than to catch the leftover feed before it goes bad. And it is desirable to extract it from the water. Do not feed the fish with a loaf, it spoils too quickly in water.

Preferred food for aquarium guppies

This type of fish needs live food. It is useful to prepare seafood cocktails from:

  • shrimp;
  • fruit flies;
  • mussels;
  • cyclops;
  • salad;
  • fish fillets;
  • duckweed.

After grinding, the contents must be frozen and given to the guppies in small portions. For fry, choose live food such as ciliates and brine shrimp. You can also use finely chopped liver, egg yolk or beef. Live food should preferably be given to all fish species every other day. It is most useful to freeze it to destroy possible harmful bacteria.

Essential food for goldfish

Knowing how many times to feed the fish in the aquarium is not enough to properly care for it. It must be borne in mind that a balanced diet is important for fish, with the presence of various nutrients. Therefore, the goldfish menu welcomes:

  • boiled buckwheat;
  • soaked semolina;
  • earthworm;
  • oatmeal;
  • bloodworm;
  • algae leaves;
  • tubifex;
  • daphnia;
  • squid;
  • grated vegetables (zucchini, cucumbers, carrots).

It is preferable to give food of animal origin to growing fry. Adult fish are limited in such food, they receive it in very small portions, only to gain the necessary protein. Basically, adult fish need to be fed with plant foods.

Main types of feed

  • Dry. Dried larvae of krill, daphnia, cyclops. Sold in the form of tablets, granules and flakes. They are used if there is no time for cooking vegetable or live food. Dried food can cause allergies in humans.
  • Alive. Ciliates, bloodworms, small fish, brine shrimp, tubifex and cortetra. Such food is stored in the refrigerator, as it quickly deteriorates. Very nutritious. Rinse thoroughly several times before feeding.
  • Protein. Chicken eggs, invertebrate meat, liver and squid are crushed, used in the form of fine shavings. Minced warm-blooded animals are rarely served. It is poorly absorbed by fish, developing pathogenic intestinal microflora. Frozen Live food frozen. Serve thawed.
  • Vegetable. It can be natural (cucumbers, cabbage, peas, carrots, zucchini, nettles, dandelions), as well as branded. Natural food is cooked, peeled and cut into pieces. Purchased spirulina pellets are also essential for fish.
  • Branded. Balanced feed. For feeding omnivorous fish, it acts as the main food. To diversify your diet, you can feed herbal and live supplements. There are universal and food for a specific type of aquarium inhabitants.

Feed your fish by combining several types of food. Omnivorous and herbivorous species should get vegetable fiber daily.

Frequency and amount of feeding

Most of the owners of the underwater kingdom, not knowing the nutritional norms of fish, often overfeed them. This has an extremely negative effect on the pets and can even lead to their death, so it is so important to know how many times to feed the aquarium fish per day and how much food to give at the same time.

The dose is determined based on observations of the inhabitants of the aquarium. It is believed that in one meal, fish can be given as much food as they can consume within five minutes. If, nevertheless, excess food got into the vessel, then it is recommended to urgently remove it in order to avoid decay.

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The individual dose is determined empirically

Many aquarists feed their pets twice a day, others once a day, teaching them to eat at the same time. These options are perfectly valid. Fry should be fed more often, 3-4 times a day on average. It is forbidden to give a large amount of food at one meal. It must be remembered that it is highly undesirable to overfeed the inhabitants of the aquarium, sometimes it is better to underfeed them.

How to feed your aquarium fish properly?

To feed your fish properly, stock up on knowledge and experience. Nutrition plays an important role in the life of pets, greatly influencing the condition of the aquarium.

How to feed aquarium fish

Eating aquarium fish at home should reproduce the frequency and taste preferences of their natural habitat.

  • Algae, plants, seeds and fruits: This is how herbivorous fish with a long digestive cycle eat. They used to feed often and little by little.
  • Insects, small fish, birds, invertebrates. This is the diet of carnivores with a large stomach. The portions are large, but the feeding is less frequent.
  • Food of vegetable and protein types. Such fish are called omnivores. They feed several times a day.

Live food for carnivorous and omnivorous fish includes ciliates, brine shrimp, bloodworms, tubifex, cortetra, daphnia, nauplii, gammarius. Such food quickly deteriorates and requires storage in the refrigerator.In addition, if there is no food, they give minced chicken and liver, chicken eggs, minced fish, squid, veal heart and invertebrate meat. The fish are fed with cottage cheese, semolina porridge, green peas and an omelet. The listed products are pre-crushed.

See how to properly feed aquarium fish with dry food.

For example, a finely grated frozen beef heart will be enjoyed by most fish. This food is just a storehouse of easily digestible protein. It is used to feed voracious Astronotus and Discus. Mixing cooked shavings with a vitamin concentrate such as Trivit or Fishtamine will significantly enrich the diet.

The squid is crushed into small shavings and fed in small portions. Squid fillet will fully provide the inhabitants of the aquarium with protein and vitamins for active development. Algae, vegetables (zucchini, cabbage), fruits, plants and cereals are used as plant food for herbivorous and omnivorous fish.

Feeding with live food

Live food can be called one of the best options, which is recommended to be given to fish regularly. Variety should also be observed here. Live food mainly includes bloodworms, corets and tubifex. But this type of diet has serious disadvantages:

  • If the food turned out to be of poor quality, then this is fraught with poisoning of pets.
  • Live food can cause some diseases.
  • Bloodworms should not be given too often as food, as they are poorly absorbed.

For disinfection it is necessary to freeze the feed. This is the most affordable way to rid food of harmful microorganisms. You can put food in the feeder, but you cannot leave it there for a long time, so that the inhabitants of the artificial house do not get poisoned.

The best food for fish is live

Live food is essential during the spawning season. Fish grown on such a diet have good immunity and are distinguished by good health.

Meals

The fish are fed according to the way they are fed. The location of the mouth plays an important role:

  • Upper. For pets with a mouth on top, floating on the surface of the food in the form of chips or flakes is suitable.
  • Middle. Inhabitants of the middle layers of the water eat the food that is located directly in front of them.
  • Donny. Catfish collecting food from the bottom need heavy sinking feed.

How to properly feed aquarium fish

Feeding the aquarium fish takes 3-5 minutes. During this time, the fish are already eating up, but they do not have time to overeat yet. And the food has not yet fallen to the bottom. You should adhere to the nutritional rule, which is better to underfeed than to overfeed and not to give more food than the norm.

The feed must be completely eaten. Excess feed must be removed from the trough and caught with a net so that it does not settle and begins to rot. Decay processes spoil the water in the aquarium and lead to the development of harmful vegetation. The concentration of nitrates and ammonia in the water increases, fish and algae are poisoned. The fish must be provided with an amount of food per day at the rate of 5% of its weight. The size of the grains depends on the age and size of the individual.

For fry, the food particles should not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry granulated feed, in the form of flakes or tablets, is crushed into dust. It is more convenient for adult fish to capture larger particles; dust is not suitable for them. It is convenient to use separate tanks for dry and live food, floating feeders. It is necessary to feed so that the food is evenly distributed in the aquarium and there is free access to active individuals and quiet people, as well as to bottom dwellers.

How often to feed aquarium fish

The diet depends on the age period and characteristics of each fish species. Based on this, determine how many times to feed the aquarium fish. Adult aquarium fish need two feeds a day, but you can get by with one meal. Fry up to two months of age eat 4 times a day, and in the first month of life, fry in the aquarium are fed 4-6 times.

For half a month before spawning, individuals increase the amount of live food. With the onset of spawning, the rate is reduced. In the first days after breeding, feeding is stopped. In the morning, feed should be given no earlier than 15 minutes after turning on the lighting. The optimal time is after 1 hour. Evening feeding is carried out 2-3 hours before bedtime. Catfish, agamix and other nocturnal inhabitants are fed at dusk, with the lights off. At this time, other fish in the aquarium are already sleeping.

All inhabitants of the aquarium must be fed at the same time.

Vegetable

Frozen

If live food is frozen on its own, then you can be sure that this procedure will rid it of existing parasites.

Meals

In fish, there are three ways of feeding, which are determined depending on the location of the mouth. In a general aquarium, it is still better to combine representatives of the same group, since this greatly simplifies the process of feeding them.

  • Upper. The upper feeding method is typical for fish in which the mouth is located on top. They consume food from the surface of the water, so it is more convenient to feed them with cereals or chips.
  • Middle. Those pets who prefer a medium-sized diet eat the food that is right in front of them.
  • Donny. Fish that prefer the bottom feeding method pick up food from the surface of the soil. In this case, we are talking, for example, about catfish. In order for the feed to reach the bottom, it is necessary to pick up heavy and quickly sinking pieces.
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Varieties of feed

Aquarium fish eat four main types of food, which must be combined or alternated regularly. When creatures get a varied diet rich in all the essential nutrients it needs, it has a beneficial effect on their health and even their attractive appearance.

You should be prepared for the fact that even fish have preferences, and some of them can feast on only protein or only plant foods.

Separately, mention should be made of those situations when skilled aquarists independently make dry or frozen food, which is difficult to attribute to one of the varieties. Alternatively, it can be chopped squid, shrimp and beef hearts, or microwave-dried cottage cheese or semolina.

In order for the fish to grow and develop, it necessarily requires vitamins of different groups, choline, folic acid, biotin, thiamine and other substances. In order to form an ideal diet for pets, it is necessary to find out how this species eats in natural conditions. Herbivorous fish have a long digestive tract and prefer to consume fragments of plants, seeds, fruits and, of course, algae.

Predators. the owners of a large stomach, they eat live or dead insects, amphibians, molluscs and even small animals. Finally, omnivores are ready to eat anything.

Adult fish

Food for adults can only be poured in such a way that it is eaten in a couple of minutes. It is important that it does not have time to sink to the bottom and mix with the soil there. If plant food is used, then it is lowered into the aquarium in a small piece, and then, as soon as the fish lose interest in it, it goes back. If you neglect this rule, then the remnants of vegetables can begin to rot.

When catfish live in the aquarium, which are known to be a bottom dweller, they will have to be fed separately using chips or tablets.

Fry

Alive

It is mainly customary to refer live daphnia, bloodworms and koretra to live food. This type of diet is called the most beneficial for fish, but it is rather difficult to store. For example, if you do not remove the dead moth from its living “brothers” in time, then all the food will rot. Live food should be given to fish at least once every two days as an additional feeding. The disadvantage of such nutrition is the introduction of infections into the reservoir in the case when the food was not previously disinfected, but followed “directly” from an open reservoir.

How to Feed Fish in your Aquarium (Beginners How To Guide)

Separately, it makes sense to mention shrimp, which are considered to be quite healthy, but still high-calorie food. Since the product contains 50% protein and up to 20% fat, it should definitely be included in the fish diet, but only once or twice a week. The shrimp should be fresh, ideally Atlantic. You can offer it to fish both raw and boiled. In both cases, the meat will have to be chopped very finely.

How many times

Healthy adult fish in the aquarium should be fed 1-2 times a day. Morning feeding is carried out 15 minutes after turning on the light, evening feeding. 3 hours before bedtime.

Growing up fish are fed often: up to one month of age 6 times a day, and then they are transferred to four meals a day. After a month, the frequency decreases. Catfish with other bottom-dwelling fish are fed in the dark when the aquarium population is sleeping.

In the conditions of an artificially created habitat, fish are less mobile, since they are not forced to get food to survive. Therefore, it is correct to feed your aquarium fish six times a week.

Main types of feed

  • Dry. Dried larvae of krill, daphnia, cyclops. Sold in the form of tablets, granules and flakes. They are used if there is no time for cooking vegetable or live food. Dried food can cause allergies in humans.
  • Alive. Ciliates, bloodworms, small fish, brine shrimp, tubifex and cortetra. Such food is stored in the refrigerator, as it quickly deteriorates. Very nutritious. Rinse thoroughly several times before feeding.
  • Protein. Chicken eggs, invertebrate meat, liver and squid are crushed, used in the form of fine shavings. Minced warm-blooded animals are rarely served. It is poorly absorbed by fish, developing pathogenic intestinal microflora. Frozen Live food frozen. Serve thawed.
  • Vegetable. It can be natural (cucumbers, cabbage, peas, carrots, zucchini, nettles, dandelions), as well as branded. Natural food is cooked, peeled and cut into pieces. Purchased spirulina pellets are also essential for fish.
  • Branded. Balanced feed. For feeding omnivorous fish, it acts as the main food. To diversify your diet, you can feed herbal and live supplements. There are universal and food for a specific type of aquarium inhabitants.

Feed your fish by combining several types of food. Omnivorous and herbivorous species should get vegetable fiber daily.

The best

It is preferable to give frozen food. The possibility of infecting the aquarium is minimized. Freezing is easy to dose, does not spoil, retains taste and useful properties. Mixtures of several types of worms are commercially available, due to which the feed becomes more nutritious.

How much to give

The feed is calculated based on the pet’s weight: no more than 5% of the total weight. A universal rule: food should be eaten in 3-5 minutes without a trace.

How to do it right

The aquarist should wash his hands thoroughly before feeding. Soap or cream residues are harmful. You can not give spices and spicy vegetable feed, sour vegetables. When choosing a diet, the characteristics of fish are taken into account:

  • the size;
  • age;
  • type of food;
  • way of eating.

Herbivorous animals with long digestive systems need to be fed often in small portions.

  • 5-10% fiber;
  • 15-30% protein;
  • up to 3% fat.

Lack of fiber is compensated by eating aquarium plants.

The basis of the diet of carnivores is live food. Predators rarely eat, but in large quantities.

  • Protein is required from 45%.
  • Fat. 3-6%.
  • Fiber is also important. Under natural conditions, they consume plant foods in the amount of 2-4%.

Most aquarium fish are omnivorous, their diet should include:

  • 30-40% protein;
  • 2-5% fat;
  • 3-8% fiber.

How to feed your aquarium fish properly?

To feed your fish properly, stock up on knowledge and experience. Nutrition plays an important role in the life of pets, greatly influencing the condition of the aquarium.

Small fish feeding tip

How to feed

The main mistake of novice aquarists is overfeeding. Excess food in the aquarium has a number of consequences:

  • deterioration of water condition;
  • obesity;
  • death from overeating or poisoning.

The norm is considered if the food is eaten before reaching the bottom. Remove excess food with a net or siphon immediately after feeding. The size of the grains should correspond to the type and age of the fish. Large adults eat large chunks. Fry. live dust or food particles not exceeding the size of the fry’s eye.

Give less food during the spawning season. Feed protein food two weeks before breeding.

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