How to feed your dog dry food
Feeding quality dry food is an excellent prevention of nutritional deficiencies in the animal’s body. If the diet is selected in accordance with age, breed and level of activity, the owner just needs to fill the bowl in time, and the pet will say “thank you” with shiny hair, strong teeth and joyful wagging of the tail.
However, even with this method of feeding, there are errors that lead to a decrease in the quality of life and deterioration of the health of the animal. Below we will tell you how to properly feed your dog with dry food, so that it only benefits from it.
Another key consideration when feeding pets is regimen. It is recommended to feed a healthy adult dog twice a day at the same hours, for example at 8.00 and 20.00. In this case, the daily dose of dry food is divided into two equal parts. It is undesirable to give the entire daily allowance at a time: this increases the risks of such a complication as gastric volvulus.
Physical activity immediately after eating is also associated with this dangerous pathology. Therefore, you need to feed the dog strictly after a walk, and not before.
Do not keep dry food freely available between meals. If the pet has not finished eating its portion or has completely refused food, simply remove the bowl to an inaccessible place. The next feed should be on schedule and at the usual amount. This will avoid overfeeding and whims on the part of the animal.
The rule of moderation: how much to feed
Dry food is essentially a concentrate and requires significantly less weight and volume compared to natural food. And in an effort to feed your beloved pet tasty and useful, it is easy to lose your sense of proportion. Therefore, before giving dry food to your dog, check the manufacturer’s recommended feeding rates. As a rule, this information is located on the back of the package in the form of a table.
Letting the dog eat as much as he wants is unacceptable. This is a direct path to obesity and metabolic diseases. This means that when determining the portion, almost pharmaceutical accuracy is required. If there is no measuring cup in the bag, you can weigh the feed yourself on a kitchen scale, and then pick up a container that is equivalent in volume.
At the same time, it is important to understand that dosages on packages are not a dogma. They do not take into account the individual characteristics of a particular dog, its lifestyle and physiological state.
Pregnant and lactating bitches, malnourished animals need to increase the daily requirement by 25-50%. Elderly and inactive individuals, as well as those who are overweight, on the contrary, it is advisable to somewhat cut back on the diet. If severe obesity is observed, a veterinarian consultation is necessary: he will tell you how to properly feed a dog with such a problem with dry food.
When you feed your pet dry food, it is extremely important to adhere to the drinking regime. If natural food and canned dog food already contain a sufficient amount of moisture, then there is practically no moisture in dry granules. Lack of fluid in the animal’s body can provoke health and well-being problems. Therefore, dogs on dry rations need to ensure constant access to clean, fresh water.
Do not be lazy to double check the presence of a drink in the bowl, and, if necessary, refresh it. After all, when the dog drinks, he leaves saliva and pieces of food in the bowl. As a result, the water becomes cloudy, which makes it unattractive to the animal. In addition, it becomes an excellent breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms, which leads to disease and poisoning.
Those who leave home early in the morning and return late in the evening should pay attention to such a kitchen device as an automatic animal drinker. This device is designed in such a way that a lot of water cannot get into the bowl at once. The liquid is replenished gradually, as it is drunk, from a pre-filled reservoir, which ensures unlimited access of the animal to drinking resources even in the absence of the owner.
The issue of water quality deserves special attention: it should be such that you are ready to drink yourself. If in your area there is an old water supply system and something cloudy or with an admixture of a brown or yellow tint flows from the tap, you definitely should not give such a liquid to the dog.
Are vitamins and nutritional supplements needed?
The composition of the prepared diet is carefully balanced. It takes into account the needs of the dog for certain nutrients. So, Blitz dry food, in addition to the vitamin and mineral complex, contains live probiotics for the formation of a healthy intestinal microflora.
Additional ingredients in the dog’s menu will only disrupt the balance of substances, which can ultimately be harmful to the health of the pet. Therefore, no vitamin supplements or supplements should be given unless directed by a veterinarian.
Should I soak the food before giving it to the dog??
Dry food is a ready-to-eat product, and there is no hard need to soak it. It is enough to provide the animal with the correct drinking regime, as mentioned above. But if your dog prefers soaked granules, you should not deny her this pleasure.
Do not forget only that you need to store such a product only in the refrigerator and no more than 12 hours.
Does the dog need food variety??
Often, the owner transfers his own needs to the animal. “I’m bored to eat scrambled eggs for breakfast every day, which means that the dog gets bored with the same diet,” he said.
In fact, the dog does not need variety, but stability and order. Frequent changes in diet only disrupt the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and lead to stool disorders. If, for some reason, it is decided to transfer the pet to another food, it is better to do this not abruptly, but gradually.
How to choose dry dog food
If you buy a puppy, talk to the breeder, find out what kind of food he gave the baby, how he feeds an adult dog, what he can advise you. It will not be superfluous to consult a veterinarian. After assessing the condition of the puppy, he will select the optimal food for the combination of useful and nutrients.
If you are planning to introduce food into the diet of an adult pet, professional advice also does not hurt. Read about the manufacturers, chat with avid dog lovers on a walk, on the forums. Many people are happy to share their experience in the selection of feed.
How to choose the right dog food? First of all, pay attention to the composition. if it says “meat” or “poultry” without specifying which one (beef, lamb, chicken). most likely this is a low-quality feed. In a quality feed, meat should be at the top of the list of ingredients, proteins should make up 15-35% of the total mass.
Buy small packs of food (1.5-2 kg). This way you will not lose money if the food for the dog is not suitable for some reason. When introducing new food into the diet, carefully monitor the condition of the pet (upset stomach, allergic itching, deterioration of the coat). Stop feeding if you notice any of the above.
Holistic food is a product of the highest quality. For the manufacture of this feed, only high-quality raw materials are used, suitable for human consumption. If by-products are included in the composition, the manufacturer informs about this on the packaging, be sure to indicate what exactly. The use of only natural meat, vegetable fats, pure cereals and selected vegetables, probiotics, vitamins, minerals and trace elements makes the product energetically valuable, healthy and fully balanced.
Holistic class food is the most natural and safe, satisfying all the needs of a dog’s body at any age and condition. This cannot but affect its price. such food is quite expensive, but it allows you to save on food additives and visits to the veterinary clinic.
Super-premium dry food is made from quality products. They contain natural meat and fish; the manufacturer indicates which ones on the packaging. Most often, beef, lamb and chicken, different types of fish (tuna, salmon). This class of feed also contains eggs, cereals, vegetables and vitamin and mineral complexes.
Super-premium food has an advantage over cheaper food, the ability to select a diet for a dog, taking into account age, physical activity and other characteristics.
Dry food selection criteria
For example, for some breeds (large, but with a slow metabolism), the feed should be nutritious, but at the same time low in calories. Puppies and large adult pets need a diet high in protein and low in fat. Also, this type of feed contains complexes of useful substances to maintain healthy joints.
Small and decorative dog breeds are mostly active, with a high degree of nervous excitability. These dogs often suffer from dental diseases and bone problems. Food for small dogs is rich in linoleic acid and B vitamins.The optimal combination of nutrients in food for them (York, Chihuahua, Maltese, Toy Poodle, Spitz, etc.) is designed to maintain the health of the nervous system, strengthen the skeleton and prevent tartar.
How to choose food for dogs of different ages? Manufacturers have identified age groups. Puppies can be fed Puppy food from the age of two months. They contain the right amount of nutrients, vitamins, minerals and trace elements that satisfy all the needs of an actively growing restless baby. Upon reaching the age of six months, dogs are considered adolescents and are transferred to the Junior food. It is rich in protein and minerals for the development of a strong, healthy skeleton and teeth. At 12-15 months, the dog becomes an adult and can switch to food of the Standard type. the most balanced, energetically complete product. For dogs over seven years old, the Senior line is available.
The simplest and cheapest feeds belong to the economy class. As a rule, the packaging does not indicate which meat the product is made from, which means that the meat itself is not included in the composition. It is replaced by food waste (feathers, skin), meat and bone meal and offal, soy. Economy class feed has a low energy value. Accordingly, the dog needs more food for saturation. In the composition of cheap feed there are no vitamin and mineral supplements. they will have to be selected and purchased independently. Plus, the dog’s body often reacts negatively to such food. Regular feeding with a poor quality product can result in indigestion, deterioration of the coat and skin, and allergies. As a result, the savings are quite dubious when you consider the cost of visiting the veterinarian and treating the dog.
Like many other foods, dog food comes in several qualitatively different types. classes. They differ in price, composition and quality of raw materials used for manufacturing. To choose the right dry food for a dog, you need to understand what is the difference between them, what is included in the composition and what affects the quality of the product.
Premium food is only slightly different from economy food. The raw materials for this product are also of low quality, consisting mainly of waste from the meat processing industry and by-products. Premium feed contains higher protein and therefore higher nutritional value than economy class. But this is unlikely to be due to the addition of pure meat. Manufacturers use preservatives and flavor enhancers.
Economy and premium feeds belong to the budget, but often the choice is limited to only a few types. This makes it impossible to choose a diet for a pet with special needs. In addition, it is necessary to give the dog vitamins, to choose the optimal complex of minerals and trace elements to maintain a healthy state of teeth, hair and internal organs.
Types of dry food
In addition to standard feeds, there are several other types of specialized ones:
- for sick and recovering dogs;
- for pregnant and lactating bitches;
- for dogs participating in sports competitions with high physical activity;
- for dogs with obesity or cardiovascular disease;
- for pets prone to allergic reactions.
Considering the age and health of your pet, you can choose the right dry food for your dog. A carefully selected balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and mineral supplements, fully meets the needs of the animal’s body at a certain point in its life.
Can you give your dog dry food?
Currently, most owners prefer to feed their pet with ready-made dry food.
All dry food is divided into four classes:
- Holistic. They contain a large amount of animal protein and a reduced percentage of carbohydrates. All components are of high quality and are well absorbed by the body. However, these diets are expensive.
- Super premium. Fully balanced feed made from high quality raw materials. Meat is the source of protein, not offal.
- Premium. Balanced, for the production of which ingredients such as offal, corn and its derivatives, wheat and other fillers at a low cost can be used. The amount of animal protein in such diets is lower than in the super premium or holistic class. up to 30%.
- Economy Have the lowest cost. The basis of such diets is herbal ingredients (wheat, corn, soy). By-products are used as protein sources. Some diets may contain flavors and flavor enhancers.
Dry food is small pieces of food that differ in calorie content
For constant feeding, it is better to give preference to super premium or holistic species, for example, Acana, Orijen, Applaws, Grandorf, GO! and others. Dogs that do not have digestive problems can be fed with premium foods such as Royal Canin, Probalance, Purina ONE, etc.
Veterinarians claim that prolonged feeding of such foods can lead to health problems. The economy class includes Pedigree, Chappi, Meal, Our brand, etc.
How to properly feed dry food
When feeding an animal, you must adhere to the following rules:
In this case, an interval of 5-6 hours should be observed so that each of the products has time to be digested.
Give your dog only food that is appropriate for his age.
How to feed your puppies dry food and when to start
In the article I will talk about whether it is possible to constantly feed a dog with dry food, and how to correctly calculate how much food you need, I will give a table. I will list the pros and cons of such a diet. I will give the general rules for feeding a pet with dry food. I’ll tell you about the drinking regime when feeding an animal with ready-made rations.
Calculation of the daily allowance for a puppy and a dog
Adult dogs are fed 1-2 times a day. Puppies need more frequent and fractional feeding: from 3 to 5-6 times a day, depending on age. The daily allowance should depend on the weight of the animal and its activity: sports dogs need a more nutritious diet than animals that sit at home and rest all day.
The approximate amount of dry food for an adult animal can be found in the table:
|Dog weight, kg||Activity and daily feed rate, in grams|
|Low activity||Average activity||High activity|
|1.5. 5||30. 70||40. 80||50. 90|
|5-10||70. 120||80. 140||90. 150|
|10. 15||150. 200||170. 220||190. 250|
|15. 25||200. 280||220. 320||250. 360|
|25. 40||270. 370||300. 440||360. 500|
|40. 50||350. 450||430. 530||500. 580|
|50. 70||450. 570||530. 650||580. 750|
|more than 70||from 700||from 830||from 950|
For puppies, the feed rate depends on age and body weight:
|Age in months||Weight, in kilograms|
|1.5. 3||3. 5||5. 10||10. 15||15. 20||20. 30||30. 50|
|1.5. 3||85. 150||150. 250||250. 380||380. 500||500. 600||–|
|3. 4||85. 140||140. 230||230. 370||370. 480||480. 570||570. 750||–|
|4. 6||55. 85||85. 140||140. 230||230. 300||300. 370||370. 500||500. 700|
|6. 8||55. 100||100. 150||150. 250||250. 320||320. 400||400. 520||520. 800|
|8. 12||70. 130||130. 170||170. 250||250. 350||350. 430||430. 550||550. 800|
The amount of dry food is selected strictly individually.
If the animal is gaining excess weight, the rate is slightly reduced. If the dog is thin, the amount of dry food is increased.
It is possible to feed the dog only dry food, and it will not need additional food
Pros and Cons of Feeding Prepared Food
- well and long stored at room temperature;
- fully balanced and contain the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, trace elements and vitamins;
- there is no need to give your pet additional vitamin supplements;
- convenient to use and significantly save the owners’ time (especially important for owners with many dogs);
- have a lower cost than quality natural food.
- the need for an individual selection of the diet (especially for pets with sensitive digestion or those prone to allergies);
- the risk of developing urolithiasis and other diseases due to such poor quality food;
- the need to stick to one brand.
Some diets can cause allergies or other body reactions (diarrhea, bloating, etc.). Then you will have to select hypoallergenic food for your pet.
The presence of dry food greatly facilitates the life of both the dog itself and its owner.
How important is drinking regimen
A very important rule. when feeding a dry species, the animal should be given free access to clean and fresh drinking water.
With a lack of fluid, the pet may develop diseases such as urolithiasis, chronic gastritis, etc. If the dog drinks a little and is reluctant, you should first soak dry food with warm water.
The pet must have free access to water
Feeding your pet with ready-made industrial rations has a lot of advantages. By choosing high quality diets, the animal will receive all the nutrients it needs. When feeding a pet with dry food, you must adhere to certain rules and be sure to ensure that the dog drinks a sufficient amount of water.
Dosages and how to calculate them
As a rule, the manufacturer indicates on each package the size of the daily serving of the dog food. But these figures are rather average, since they cannot take into account the individual characteristics of each dog. The portion size depends on the energy content of the feed. That is, the higher its class, the less it should be given to the dog. In this case, you should take into account the daily level of physical activity of your pet, his age and characteristics of his physical condition.
A healthy adult dog needs an average of 50 kcal per 1 kg of body weight per day. If your pet weighs 20 kg, then the calculation looks like this: 2050 = 1000 kcal. On days when the dog is physically active (training, exhibitions, competitions or just long walks), we multiply the norm by a factor of 1.4 or 1.5 and we get 10001.5 = 1500 kcal. For inactive or elderly dogs, the daily calorie intake should be reduced to avoid overfeeding and obesity. The coefficient in this case is about 0.8, which means 10000.8 = 800 kcal.
An increase in the calorie content of the diet is required in the cold season (in winter, the coefficient will be 1.25-1.75). Bitches during pregnancy should also receive more food. Depending on the number of puppies, the size of the portion for a pregnant dog is increased by 2-4 times.
Separately, it is worth mentioning how to properly feed a dog with dry food during the period of active growth (up to 1 year). The baby’s diet should be nutritious and rich in nutrients. At different times, the puppy needs a different dosage:
- Up to two months. 265 kcal per 1 kg of own weight;
- Up to four months. 200 calories;
- From four to eight months, about 135-140 kcal;
- Up to a year. 100 kcal per kilogram of weight.
The packages indicate not only the recommended norms, but also information on the composition and calorie content of the product for every 100 grams. Use this data to calculate your pet’s daily portion size, taking into account all the nuances and you can be sure that your pet will never go hungry, and he will not be overweight due to overeating. Purchase a kitchen scale, because it is very important to accurately measure the amount of feed, you cannot do it “by eye”.
How to properly feed your dog dry food
When you buy a puppy, the breeder will definitely tell you what diet the animal is on, give recommendations on the choice of food and feeding rules. Then you can decide on your own: continue to feed the same food (very desirable) or try to pick up another.
If you decide to completely change the diet of your pet and transfer it from natural food to “drying”, you need to do it right. The process will take 1-2 weeks, during which the usual food is gradually replaced by food.
Dry food is very different from natural food: in appearance, consistency, smell. The dog, if you replace it with a portion, for example, porridge with meat and vegetables for food, will be at a loss. A new smell can confuse her, and she will refuse to even taste incomprehensible granules. On the part of physiology, the body can also experience discomfort. Chewing food requires more saliva; the digestion process is completely different. A sudden change in diet can lead to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
How do you start feeding your dog dry food to avoid this kind of trouble? Dry food begins to be added to regular food in the amount of ¼. This means that the feed replaces a quarter of the portion, rather than being added to the total. Such feeding continues for 2-3 days, during which it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the pet. If there are no allergic reactions, indigestion, constipation, gas production or other visible signs of malaise, the feed portion can be increased up to 50%. After 8-10 days, “drying” can be up to 75% of a typical serving. By the end of the second week, the dog can be fed a full portion of dry food.
How to feed your dog dry food: serving size and feeding instructions for puppies, adult or pregnant dogs
The choice of diet for your pet must be approached responsibly, weighing all the pros and cons, taking into account the characteristics of the breed and its state of health. We have already talked about the best way to feed the dog: dry food or natural food. They also talked about the variety of industrial dry foods, told how to choose dry food. Regardless of whether you are going to transfer an adult dog to “drying” or choosing a diet for a newly acquired puppy, there are several rules that are very important for your pet. So, how to feed your dog dry food and how to change the diet so as not to harm the dog’s health?
A very important point in a dog’s nutrition is a regimen. You need to know exactly how many times to feed your pet dry food per day and constantly adhere to the schedule. The daily portion of food should be divided in equal parts by the required number of feedings. For puppies at the age of 2-3 months, the food is divided into 4-5 meals, at 4-5 months. 3-4 feedings. After six months, you can feed your pet three times a day. They switch to full two-time feeding after 10-12 months.
In order for the dog to get used to eating on time and get everything it needs from the food, the regimen must be strictly observed. It is impossible for a bowl of food to be constantly in the public domain. After you add food, give the dog 20 minutes for food. After this time, the bowl must be removed, even if there is food left in it. In the next feeding, give the strictly required amount of food, without corrections for the one not eaten earlier. Over time, the dog will get used to the regimen, the body will be ready to receive food, and the pet will eat its portion and, most importantly, gorge itself on it.
At the time of the formation of the regime, the transition to a new diet, try to exclude or at least limit snacks and treats.
Drinking regime when feeding dry food
Now you know how to feed your dog dry food, but what about water? Dry food is a dehydrated food containing only about 10% moisture. Have you wondered why an adult active dog only needs about 400 grams of food per day? Because the product, absorbing water, increases in volume by about 10 times. In order for the dog to be satiated, it is necessary to drink plenty of liquid into the food. The smallest thing that threatens an animal in the absence of drinking water is a feeling of hunger and discomfort in the stomach. With a regular lack of fluid, indigestion and serious problems in the gastrointestinal tract can begin. Make sure that your pet always has access to clean drinking water. The water should be changed several times a day, ideally after each approach of the dog. The ingress of saliva and food particles into the water promotes the growth and development of bacteria, which definitely does not contribute to the health of the animal.
Now you know how to choose food, how to feed your dog dry food and calculate dosages based on the age, weight of the pet and the time of year. The main thing is that when choosing a diet and directly feed, the interests and health of the dog are taken into account, and not the desire to save money or your personal comfort. Correctly selected food and followed feeding recommendations will help your pet to remain healthy, happy and delight you for many years.
Don’t forget about water!
Regardless of breed, weight or age of your pet, remember that although dry food contains all the necessary nutrients, it does not contain one vital ingredient. water. Therefore, if you feed your animal dry food, make sure that it always has clean, fresh water available, and that the pet drinks regularly, especially for cats that have a naturally reduced feeling of thirst.
Change the water in the bowl at least once a day, and best of all, immediately after the pet has drunk. Indeed, during drinking, saliva or food particles enter the water, which cause the growth of bacteria, and animals often refuse to drink stagnant dirty water.
To accustom animals to dry food, as well as to transfer from one brand to another, you should gradually: add the new food to the old one little by little, observing the portion size.
How to properly feed dry food to your cat
Cats are by nature predators that feed on small game, and therefore are adapted to eat small portions throughout the day and even at night. Therefore, domestic cats will also be most comfortable with constant access to food throughout the day. However, this does not mean that it is not necessary to control the cat’s food intake.
Some animals, especially after sterilization, are prone to overeating, so the daily allowance should be divided into two doses, one half should be poured into a bowl in the morning and the other half in the evening. If you see that the cat has not finished what you put in the morning, then reduce the portion in the evening.
Dry food does not require any additives or additional nutrition, but you can treat your cat to treats. It should be remembered that a treat is also a food containing calories, so it should be taken into account in the feeding rate. Treats should not be more than 5% of the daily diet.
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How to properly feed your dog dry food
The ancestors of domestic dogs hunted large prey, and not every hunt ended successfully, therefore, the feeding behavior of these animals implies rapid greedy saturation. Dogs can literally eat as much as they will be given. in reserve, counting on future hungry times.
However, in our homes, they live in abundance of food, so it is especially important for dogs to follow the feeding regimen. Read the recommendations on the package and divide the daily allowance into two feedings: it is correct to give dry food to an adult dog twice a day. in the morning and in the evening, no matter how much you want to share an afternoon snack or lunch with your pet.
How to properly feed dry food for dogs and cats?
Dry food is a specially formulated and ready-to-eat complete diet. It is convenient for owners and has a long shelf life, while it contains all the necessary nutrients. The main thing is to choose the right food, based on the age and health of the pet.
Depending on whether you have a cat or a dog, the recommendations on how to feed dry food will differ slightly, so first let’s talk about the general provisions, and then move on to the particulars.
To properly feed dry food, you must follow the feeding standards. They are indicated on each package and are tied to the weight, and sometimes the age and build of the animal. Compliance with the norms should not be taken lightly, because most often this attitude leads to the appearance of excess weight and obesity in the animal. serious risk factors for its health.
Since dry food is a rather unusual product for a person, then if we estimate its amount by eye, then we will definitely fill in more than necessary, because ordinary food consists of 70-80% water. Therefore, in order not to be mistaken, buy a kitchen scale and make yourself a measuring cup that holds half of the daily diet.
At the same time after the walk
It is desirable that the food intake takes place at about the same time. so the animal will produce gastric juice in advance, and the food will be absorbed better. You should feed the dog after a walk, because active movements with a full belly in some breeds prone to this can cause such a life-threatening condition as a volvulus.
If your dog refuses to eat, watch for other alarming symptoms, because loss of appetite is an obligatory companion to serious illness. However, more often than not, the dog does not eat because it is full or is expecting some other, more delicious food.
Such whims are suppressed harshly: if the pet does not immediately start eating, then the bowl is removed until the next feeding, and all treats and indulgences in the form of a piece from the table during lunch are excluded.
However, this does not mean that you cannot treat the dog, not to mention the fact that food reinforcement is very important during training, therefore, we simply take into account the treats when calculating the daily feeding rate, they should be no more than 5-10% of the diet.
Production of dry food and their varieties
Specialty industrial dry dog food is a ready-made, balanced meal that contains everything you need for your pet’s health and energy. Each brand of feed is produced in specialized laboratories. Everything happens in stages:
- The right ingredients are selected for each type of feed.
- Selected ingredients, and this is mandatory, both dry and wet components, they are mixed into one whole.
- Pressing into the reservoir.
- The seam is steam treated and a ready-made feed is produced, consisting of various figures.
- Applying fats, vitamins and minerals.
- Feed packaging.
- Best grade: super premium.
- Medium grade: premium.
- Low grade: economy.
In holistic feeds, manufacturers describe in great detail the entire composition of the feed. Such feeds are considered the best for animals, they can be eaten by people. The composition is completely natural without dyes and flavor enhancers. Approximate feed ingredients:
- Turkey meat, lamb.
- Dried apple.
- Natural antioxidants.
- Orange extract.
Thanks to their natural ingredients, these feeds are very rich in useful and very important properties for health:
- Healthy Immunity.
- Healthy coat and skin.
- Enhanced vision.
- Correct metabolism, and accordingly the correct weight.
- Healthy heart.
Super premium and premium feed contains:
- Meat of various poultry or lamb, fish.
- Various cereals.
- Vitamins and minerals.
- High protein and carbohydrates.
- Healthy food supplements.
Super premium and premium feeds are very good, do not contain harmful components, flavor enhancers and odor enhancers. The price differs only on the amount of fresh meat and on the quality of the cereals. When choosing a feed, you need to carefully study the composition and pay attention to all components being detailed, there are unscrupulous manufacturers.
Economy class feed contains:
- Waste meat (ears, tails, head, udder, trachea, esophageal meat.
- Waste from food production.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that the economy class feed does not contain vitamin supplements. If you feed your animal with such food, then you should take care of purchasing a vitamin complex. Feeding with such feed is not correct and can lead to diseases of the internal organs of the animal. Often from such feed the animal suffers from constant diarrhea and allergic reactions.
How to properly transfer a dog to dry food and is it worth doing
Proper nutrition for dogs is very important and related to the health of the animal. The animal must receive certain vitamins and minerals from food per day. Improper nutrition leads to a variety of diseases of the digestive system.
The diet must contain food of plant and animal origin.
Unhealthy nutrition of male and female dogs can affect their offspring. The task of each owner of a four-legged friend is to choose a balanced diet for his pet, in which the animal will receive the required amount of fats, carbohydrates, proteins and minerals.
The best and most correct will be to choose a dry food suitable for your friend. Transferring the dog to food will save a lot of time for the owner, no need to stand at the stove and think about what to cook for him to be healthy, balanced and tasty. It is necessary to begin the transfer of the animal to natural food with a selection of feed. In the selection, take into account age, breed, weight and composition. Let’s try to superficially understand the feed and its varieties.
Step-by-step transfer of the dog to dry food
It should be noted that if the dog is elderly and has lived all its life on natural feeding, then you should not torment its body and it is better to leave the usual food.
You can not abruptly transfer your pet to feed. The transition should be gradual, smooth and will take ten days.
During the period of smooth transition to feed, and even the next month, you need to soak the feed. We determine the proportions as follows: we soak about two of the same portions of water for a handful of the food we need for feeding. The animal must now constantly have access to water, around the clock. At first, you will have to take the dog out for a walk more often than usual. Your friend will now drink a lot more and naturally go to the toilet more often.
Vet Advice | Should I Feed My Dog Wet or Dry Food?
- Day 1. 2: 75% natural food and 25% softened food.
- 3. 4 days: 50% natural food and 50% softened food.
- Day 5. 6: 25% natural food and 75% softened food.
- 7. 8 days: 15% natural food and 85 softened food.
- Day 9. softened food.
The dog is fed three times a day, in advance, the required daily amount of food is divided into three parts.
Experts believe that it is most correct to leave 20% of natural food on a permanent basis, in the form of delicacies or meat, just not to mix it with feed at one time. The feeding regimen between natural food and feed should be at least 10 hours; feed with natural food must not be given at the same time. It is not recommended to give the dog cat food, they are not designed for dogs, there may be digestive problems. It happens that food is not suitable for the dog, in which case you need to try to give others.
- The dog has diarrhea, vomiting, diarrhea.
- Itchy skin.
- Dark discharge from the ears.
- Sharp hair loss.
If your pet does not have such symptoms, he is, as always, cheerful. it means that the food suited him.
The rate of feeding dogs dry food per day
In order to calculate the dog’s consumption of dry food, you need to know the exact weight of the dog, as well as take into account its age, size, activity and even breed.
Transfer of a pet from one type of food to another
This situation can arise if the dog has developed an allergic reaction to the food consumed. In this case, the puppy is transferred to professional premium food. Just not any sudden movements, we do everything again gradually.
If the four-legged friend ate only wet food, canned food, then drying is also introduced in small dosages. But there is one rule here. Canned food and solid granules must be given at different times. For example, in the morning on the first meal, wet food, in the afternoon on the second meal, dry granules. This must be observed, since the digestion of this food takes a different amount of time.
Transfer of a pet from feed to natural food
Yes, it also happens that the owner has a lot of free time, and he decided to transfer the pet to a natural menu. In this case, everything is also done gradually to avoid diarrhea or constipation. At different meals, they start to give a little natural products. Find out what you can feed your puppy? How many times to feed the puppy.
But before you pull on a defenseless animal, you should think carefully whether you need it. After all, it is not easy to feed balanced natural products for the correct development of the puppy. It takes a lot of time and every day. You will have to be well versed in such questions as: Can dogs eat cheese? Can dogs eat sweets? Can dogs eat bananas??
How to feed correctly when transferring a pet to dry food
How much dry food to give to an adult dog: calculation of feeding
A large dog weighing 35 to 65 kg per feed will need 400 to 600 grams of premium dry food or 600-800 grams of economy class food. Medium breed dogs weighing 15 to 35 kg need 300 to 400 grams of high quality dry food or 400-600 grams of economical food. For small adult dogs, the weight of which does not exceed 15 kg, the daily norm of premium food is 150-300 grams, and for economy class food. 300-400 grams. At the same time, it is better to feed small breed dogs twice a day, dividing this portion in half.
A special feed calculation is necessary for very active dogs that participate in sports competitions, are involved in service or hard work, as well as for lactating or pregnant bitches.
For them, the daily rate is first calculated according to the given data, and then another third of the portion (for working dogs) or a quarter (for pregnant or lactating) is added to the result.
Elderly and sedentary dogs prone to obesity should reduce the usual dose by 20-25%.
What is protein in dog food for?
So what is protein in dog food for? Everything is very simple. Proteins are the main building blocks of all mammals.
Without it, new cells and tissues will not grow, new enzymes and hormones will not be able to synthesize. Simply put, life itself is impossible without protein.
With a lack of protein, quite specific symptoms quickly develop:
- Chronic exhaustion, in severe cases it can reach cachexia (an extreme degree of pathological exhaustion).
- Edematous phenomena. This is due to a violation of oncotic pressure, when the liquid part of the blood flows freely into the surrounding tissues.
- Symptoms associated with hormonal imbalances, disorders of enzyme synthesis (for example, a sharp deterioration in digestion).
General guidelines for feeding your puppy dry food
There are only two correct feeding options for pets: either dry food or organic foods. Although almost every dog owner wonders whether it is possible to feed the dog with dry and natural food at the same time? There are no reasons why the answer is no.
Adult dogs: to soak or not to soak food?
Before answering this question, it is worth clarifying whether it is possible to constantly feed the dog only with dry food.
There are two types of dog food: dry food and natural food. In the first case, the dog gets all the nutrients and vitamins from the pelleted food. In the second, you will need to prepare food for the dog yourself, carefully selecting and weighing the products. Depending on the feeding method, the puppy’s digestive system is formed, therefore it is not recommended to use both types of food together. The owner decides which feeding method to choose on his own, however, a veterinarian’s consultation will not be superfluous.
Prepared food for dogs has a number of advantages:
- Saving time. No need to spend it on finding and preparing dog-friendly food.
- Quality assurance. Granular dry food contains a balance of all nutrients and vitamins necessary for the proper development and functioning of the dog’s body.
- The key to health. With dry food, the dog receives the entire vitamin and mineral complex, which would have to be purchased additionally in the case of natural feeding.
- Material benefit. Even premium food will be cheaper than quality natural food alternatives.
- Convenience. You can easily take dry food with you on the road if you have a trip, or even for a picnic in the park.
It is important to remember that if your dog only eats dry food, he needs to drink plenty of water.
Dog weight x 20 mg = minimum amount of water per day
Dog weight x 70 mg = maximum amount of water per day
Based on this formula, a dog weighing 10 kg should drink 200 to 700 ml of water. This amount is influenced by the temperature, activity of the pet, as well as the individual characteristics of his body.
So, in the heat, you need to try to give the dog more water so that the natural heat exchange is not disturbed.
Despite all of the above benefits of dry feeding, there are situations in which dry food for adult dogs needs to be soaked:
- the dog has damage to the mouth, teeth, or throat;
- on the advice of a veterinarian;
- if the dog refuses to eat dry pellets, but loves them in a framed form.
Some dogs do not wash down dry food with the required amount of water, and then digestive problems can occur. Soaked feed in this case will help solve them.
Dry dog food: can you soak?
There is an opinion that dry food can be soaked only if the package has the appropriate permission. In any other case, the liquid will dissolve the vitamins contained in the granules. However, veterinarians say that this is a myth: if necessary, you can safely soak any dry food. Some vitamins can actually dissolve faster, but regardless of whether the dog ate dry food or soaked food, they are still excreted from the body along with urine. this is inevitable.
The fact is that all vitamins contained in dry food are divided into fat-soluble: A, D, E, K and water-soluble: B, C, and all other vitamins that do not belong to the first group. Water-soluble vitamins are removed from the body faster, but at the same time they still have time to be absorbed, since they are first absorbed in the intestines and then enter the blood.
It turns out that there is nothing wrong with soaking any dry food, if the need arises.
How to soak dry food?
Contrary to popular belief, you can only soak dry food for puppies and adult dogs with water. Neither milk, fermented milk products, nor broth are suitable for this purpose, as the nutrients contained in these liquids can upset the balance of the feed and harm the pet’s digestive system.
In addition, it is important to maintain an acceptable water temperature in which the feed is soaked. For example, boiling water should not be used as it can destroy some of the vitamins in the feed.
Instructions: how to properly soak dry pet food?
In order for dry food to become soft, just add water to it. In this case, you need to follow a number of simple rules:
- the water temperature should not exceed 50 degrees;
- the water should completely cover the granules;
- add water 30-40 minutes before feeding: so much time is needed for the granules to swell.
If the feed needs to be made into a creamy soup, it is recommended to grind the granules in a blender before adding water.
The bowl should be washed before each feed, even if the puppy has thoroughly licked it. Dry food soaked in water is a more fertile ground for bacteria to spread.
It is not forbidden to soak the feed for a longer time. For example, you can pour dry granules in the evening and put them in the refrigerator until the morning when the next feeding period comes. However, do not leave a bowl of soaked food outdoors or in a warm room for a long time: raw food deteriorates much faster.
Whether to soak dry food for a dog and a puppy: how to properly and until what age
Dog nutrition is a topic of concern to all conscientious breeders. In this article you will find the answer to the question whether it is possible and necessary to soak dry dog food, in which cases it is relevant, as well as all the nuances associated with soaking dry food.
Puppies: When to Introduce Dry Food?
At the beginning of their life, puppies, like other children, feed on mother’s milk, and then liquid food. After two months, you can transfer your pet to solid food. It is during this period that it is recommended to feed the puppy with soaked dry food. Gradually, dry granules can be added to the soaked granules, each time increasing the proportion of their presence in the bowl. Over time, the puppy will completely switch to solid food, and his body will gradually get used to digest dry food without stress.
In addition, do not forget that puppies are teething in the first 1.5-3 months of life. There is a widespread belief that it is easier for a puppy to relieve itching during teething if he chews on dry food and “scratches” his gums on it. However, the hard granules can damage the puppy’s mouth. It is much more important that he gets the amount of nutrients he needs without feeling discomfort; for this you need to soak dry food. It is worth completely transferring the puppy to solid food only after the final change of teeth.
Some puppies refuse to eat dry food even if they transition gradually. In this case, you can spread the dry granules on a flat surface and spray them with water from a spray bottle. The smell of the food will become stronger and will whet the pet’s appetite.
A natural question arises: to what age should you soak dry food for a puppy? No veterinarian will give an unambiguous answer, since this value is due to the individual characteristics of the puppy’s body, as well as the level of its metabolism.
How long the soaked food is stored?
It is recommended to soak dry granules before each feeding. There is simply no point in doing this for future use, since it is impossible to store food soaked in water for more than 12 hours. If, nevertheless, the portion was calculated incorrectly and there is excess food left, it should be refrigerated until the next feeding.
It is important to remember that water will increase the total feed volume, so the dog will be satiated faster. In order for the pet to fully receive its daily food intake, it will have to be fed more often.
At what age can you give dry food to puppies??
Everyone knows that a dog belongs to the order of predators, so meat is the main component of its diet. But for a balanced diet, she must eat not only fats, but also carbohydrates and other nutrients. In a word, food should be rich in useful trace elements that are needed for the health of dogs. This is especially important for puppies who still have weak immunity in their growing body.
But many dog owners simply do not have time to figure out what vegetables and fruits can be given to dogs, to make a schedule and a menu of proper nutrition. Therefore, they resort to an easy and convenient way of feeding, namely, they acquire dry food. But before using them, you need to know: “When can a puppy start giving dry food??
? How to properly feed dry food? How much dry food should you give your dog a day? ” and much more.
At what age can dry food start?
From how many months can you feed a small puppy dry food? Feeding a puppy with dry food is usually started from 3 months old, if you got him earlier, find out how you can feed a month-old puppy. Some experts advise to start introducing dry complementary foods from an earlier age, namely from 2 months, but only in a soaked form.
If you picked up the puppy from the street and want to feed him only dry food in the future, then it is better to immediately start giving soaked granules, and then gradually transfer to dry ones, while of course he will most likely be tormented by diarrhea for a couple of days. If you took a puppy from a breeder, then find out what he ate, and then outline a further action plan.
It is very important to opt for the right product. Now there are a lot of feed manufacturers, there are plenty to choose from. When buying, you should adhere to a few rules.
- It is also worth adhering to the distinction by breed. That is, to purchase food based on the size of the dog. For small breeds, they sell products with smaller and softer granules, for large breeds, respectively with large.
- And, of course, puppy foods are suitable. Under no circumstances should babies be fed products for adult dogs.
When can a small puppy be fed dry food?
Most dog breeders purchasing a pet immediately decide to transfer the puppy to dry food. But how to do it correctly so as not to harm his health. The most important thing in this matter is not to rush. As a rule, the stomach of doggie does not absorb dry granules well, so problems may arise, namely diarrhea, constipation, vomiting. Therefore, the later the better. But not always the pet owner can constantly stand at the stove and cook natural food, especially since babies up to six months need to be fed often and freshly prepared food.
We introduce soaked food into the diet
Now we know at what age you can feed a puppy with dry industrial food, but how to do it correctly. Complementary foods should be given no earlier than 2 months and in a soaked form, since the teeth of dogs at this age have not yet fully formed. To do this, you need to soak dry food with boiling water:
- Place a serving of pellets in a dog bowl, then cover them with hot water. If the pet eats natural, then it is better to dilute the granules with broth. If the dog is fed with special canned food for animals, then you can take the gravy from there and soak it to give a more pronounced smell.
- After 15 minutes, warm swollen granules that have significantly increased in size must be kneaded with a fork.
- That’s all ready, you can give the puppy a delicious nutritious dish.
- To make it better absorbed, it can be mixed with canned food or natural products, depending on what the baby ate before.
The portion of complementary foods is increased gradually, while reducing the amount of natural food. The ratio of the parts changes every week. In the first week, complementary foods make up one fourth of the serving, the second half, and the third three quarters. After 4-5 weeks, you can completely eliminate natural food and feed your pet with soaked dry food. Do not forget that the cooked dish must be warm, so if it has cooled down, it is better to heat it up. Warm food is easier to digest and the aroma lures the four-footed friend.
We introduce unsoaked food into the diet
After a few months of feeding with soaked granules, dry food is introduced. This is usually done after the entire tooth replacement. Teeth change occurs between the ages of three and seven months. Therefore, it is better not to introduce dry food to our smaller brothers before six months, as it is possible to spoil the bite. And a dog with unformed teeth will completely swallow pieces of food, which will lead to overeating. During tooth replacement, immunity is usually lowered, so a sudden switch to another food will lead to stomach problems.
Dry complementary foods, as well as diluted with water, begin to be given in stages. The instruction is that the portion is gradually increased every week. The ratios are the same as with the soaked granules. First, one to four, then half, then three to four with food soaked in boiling water. When the dog completely switches to dry industrial food, veterinarians advise diluting the diet with wet canned food so that the enamel of the teeth does not wear off. Puppies love super premium canned food, and manufacturers such as Almo Nature, Hill’s and Bozita are responsible for their quality.