Mistakes of inexperienced owners
Here is a list of the most common mistakes that inexperienced breeders make:
- “Filling” the seams with alcoholic tincture of iodine or brilliant green. First, it hurts. Secondly, such a concentration of antiseptic compounds does not lead to anything good. precisely, they simply burn the tissue, which is why a chemical burn develops right on the postoperative suture, in addition to other “joys”. Accordingly, the regeneration time increases significantly.
- Owners are also mistaken, who believe that the seam (provided that it looks good) does not need to be processed at all. Like, “and so it will heal.” Do not forget that the environment is rarely sterile, and therefore the wound canal at any time can be seeded with pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic microflora. Such a phenomenon will most likely lead to the development of purulent inflammation.
- Some breeders rub the seam fiercely when processing, which is also unacceptable. With rough processing, it is possible, firstly, to introduce an infection into the seam, and secondly, such actions slow down the regeneration process.
- You can not thickly coat the seams with ointments, you can not “tightly” close it with tight bandages. There must be air access to the wound channel! Otherwise, anaerobic infections may develop, which are fatal to the health of the animal (and often lead to death).
Postoperative suture processing rules
First, there is no need to rush. Secondly, you must follow the instructions below exactly:
- First, you need to moisten a cotton-gauze or just a gauze swab with an antiseptic compound, and then, without making any sudden movements, wipe the seam around the edge, removing dried ichor and other dirt.
- It is undesirable to wipe the seam surface, it is recommended to do this only if it is heavily soiled. It is better to apply antiseptic ointments and similar dosage forms directly to the seam.
- All skin folds in the seam area must be carefully smoothed and washed with an antiseptic. Dirt accumulates in them, pathogenic microflora is actively developing there.
- In addition, veterinarians advise treating the seam while the cat is standing. This approach reduces the likelihood that part of the antiseptic composition will go deep into the wound channel.
Suture treatment after sterilization
It would seem how many difficulties this operation can deliver?
In practice, this is exactly the case. Many problems arise for those cats whose owners believe that there is nothing easier than how to process the seam after sterilization.
How many days to process the seam
Of course, much in this case depends on the specific animal, the success of the operation, the type of sterilization, and other factors. Considering all this, we recommend that you carefully consult the veterinarian who performed the operation. He has a lot of valuable advice.
- The older the animal, the longer it takes to look after its seam. So, in cats aged seven years and older, the seam is completely overgrown in about two weeks. And all this time, accordingly, the owner needs to regularly carry out processing. Accordingly, in young cats, postoperative wounds heal much faster, which is why the duration of treatment is shortened.
- It takes the longest to process the suture left after cavity sterilization. At least five days, often this period is longer. The least problems are caused by wounds left after laparoscopic sterilization. As a rule, already on the third day after the operation, they completely overgrow, which is why the need for treatment also disappears.
How many days does it take to care for a postoperative wound on average? We advise you to focus on five to six days.
How and what to treat a cat’s seam after sterilization
Sterilization of cats has long been a typical operation that is performed in any veterinary clinic. It is believed that the likelihood of developing “side effects” is extremely small, but. much depends on the owner. If you do not process the seam after sterilization, or do it incorrectly, it will end up sadly.
How to process the seam?
The following formulations can be used to treat the postoperative wound and tissues around it:
- The seam can be treated with chlorhexidine. It is even preferable to the previous option, since the composition has the best antiseptic effect.
- The skin around the seam can be treated with the usual alcoholic tincture of iodine and brilliant green. The main thing is not to pour these compounds into the wound channel.!
- The seam surface can and should be treated with levomekol. This is an ointment with a pronounced bactericidal effect. In addition, the composition of a dense consistency prevents debris and microflora from entering the wound channel.
The owner needs to keep in mind a number of important nuances. Analgesics should be used for the first three days prior to treatment. At this time, the cat will painfully perceive any mechanical effect on the seam. The animal can resist, scratch, in the most severe cases, painful shock is possible.
In no case do not use paracetamol and other medicines from the home first aid kit for these purposes! “Human” anesthetics are in many cases deadly for cats.
During processing, we strongly do not recommend removing the surgical collar from the cat (if any)! Without it, the cat can bite the owner, especially in the first days after the operation, when the suture can give the animal a lot of unpleasant sensations.
The first treatment should be carried out on the second day after the operation. There is no point in doing this before!
Finally, the frequency of processing. It is believed that this should be done no more than twice a day. If the seam heals well and does not ooze with blood, you can disinfect it once every two days (remembering to consult a veterinarian before that).
What to do if the cat does not allow the seam to be processed?
It so happens that the pet (especially on the first day after sterilization) is not given to the hands and resists when the owner tries to process the seam. At this time, the animal still experiences unpleasant sensations, which explain outbursts of aggression.
And if the cat does not allow processing the seam, you need to proceed as follows:
- If the animal is strong, it is advisable to use mild sedatives and pain relievers.
- A surgical collar is required. He will not allow the animal to scratch the owner, as well as break the interfering seam later.
- In the most severe cases, you have to “swaddle” the cat with a sheet or pillowcase, and then examine and process the seam on its belly.
In addition, it will not hurt to talk to the pet, often stroking and soothing her. If the cat gets used to the daily processing of the seams, then it will be much calmer about this. When processing, you do not need to make sudden movements, you cannot press too hard on the tampon.
Feline Neutering & Post-Surgery Instructions : Cat Health Care & Behavior
Suture treatment in a cat after sterilization. Blanket and collar
The collar is necessary for animals that do not disdain and bite the owner. Keep the protective agent clean, clean it from food debris, the blanket must always be clean and dry. It is recommended to wear protective equipment for 7-10 days, depending on the quality of the seam fusion.
After spaying, a cat may have a fever. this is the body’s natural reaction to tissue damage. If the temperature is up to 39.5 degrees, it is too early to worry. You need to consult a doctor if it lasts more than 5 days or rises above the specified rate, but for now, give prescribed medications and analgesics.
The postoperative suture needs special care: a small amount of blood or ichor can seep through it. If your cat is bleeding a lot after spaying, call your veterinarian. After the operation, the suture may be red, swollen, with minor bruises. this is the result of a surgical injury. You can evaluate the quality of the seam on the 5th day after sterilization: it must be dry, if the edges are wet, you need to treat them with an antibacterial ointment. Is the seam perfect? this does not really matter, the skin will heal after the sutures are removed.
From the second day, the seam should be wiped with an aqueous solution of miramistin or chlorhexidine, and cleaned of adhered wool. You can lubricate the seam and the skin near it with Levomekol ointment, and treat all the folds. it is there that harmful microorganisms often accumulate. It is most convenient if the cat is put on its hind legs: one person holds it, the other quickly rolls up the blanket and processes the seam. The cat can lie, as it is convenient for her, it is not at all necessary to put it on its back later. It takes 7-10 days to process the seam.
The first 2 days after surgery are the hardest for your cat, you can make life easier for your cat. Signs that the cat is in pain are: increased aggression or apathy, the cat refuses food, looks at one point, once again tries not to move, dilated pupils. Analgesics relieve pain, often cats are given Ketoprofen, Tolfedin, Ainil, Previkox, Ketofen, Loxicom and other drugs. Analgin and no-shpa are used less often, and paracetamol is completely dangerous to the health of the animal. The dosage is prescribed by the attending physician, it will also not be superfluous to read the instructions.
If you cannot give an injection, you can drink part of the dose by mouth, the therapy lasts 2-4 days. An hour after you injected the pain reliever, you can start processing the stitches. Of course, there are animals with a high pain threshold, which practically do not feel discomfort, but this is rare, so the use of analgesics is mandatory.!
Antibiotic therapy is not required if the operation was performed sterile. an injection during the operation is sufficient, the rest is at the discretion of the veterinarian. Vitamin complexes and immunomodulators like “Gamavit” are administered to sick and weakened animals. If the cat has impaired blood clotting, hemostatic drugs are required, in other cases it is not necessary.
Hospital: to be or not to be?
To avoid unnecessary problems, some owners leave the animal in the hospital. of course, it will cost more, but the cat will be under the supervision of specialists, there is no need to take the pet home (especially in the cold season), the question of self-care is removed, and the responsibility for compliance all the rules. This technique also has drawbacks: firstly, you must be sure of the reputation of the veterinarian and, in fact, the clinic, and secondly, for a cat, a change of environment, and even after the operation, is constant stress. Thirdly, the animal may be offended, regarding this as inattention on your part.
A cat after sterilization: how to care and what to feed?
Sterilization of cats is the surgical removal of the gonads (pulling the tubes or removing the uterus), as a result of which the function of producing hormones is extinguished and sexual activity stops. Sterilization is carried out in two cases: for medical reasons or at the request of the owner (so that the cat does not bring offspring). The duration of the operation lasts 0.5-1.5 hours, but the postoperative care of the cat is also important.
Sterilization can be carried out both in the clinic and at home.
Caring for a cat after spaying at home
The animal can be given to you, even if the anesthesia has not yet gone away. Often he is dressed in a postoperative blanket, and if a four-legged friend shows aggression, then it is better to put on a protective collar. this will make it easier for you to process the seams, and the cat will not lick them. Ask your veterinarian if pain relievers have been given, and if not, when should you get an injection? Professional clinics provide clients with brochures with recommendations for pet care. After the end of the operation, it is advisable to stay in the clinic for another 20-30 minutes to make sure that there is no bleeding from the seam.
It is better not to take the cat on public transport, but to use the car or call a taxi. the pet is already stressed. Place the cat in the carrier: if it is cold outside and it takes a long time to get there, you can put a heating pad in the carrier. The animal should be on its side so that in case of vomiting, it does not choke on vomit.
How To Care For Cats After Spay Neuter
After returning, put the cat on a soft bedding not high from the ground, turn it over from one side to the other every 30-40 minutes. The bed should be away from drafts or a heater. Room temperature is enough: if the pet is shivering, you can cover it or put a heating pad next to it. Check for bleeding from the suture (slight bleeding is acceptable, as well as discharge of watery ichor).
After 1-3 hours, the cat will begin to come to its senses, coordination may be impaired, so make sure that it does not get stuck somewhere or does not fall from a height. It is best to leave the cat in a spacious carrier or closed room during acclimatization. When coming out of anesthesia, some cats may show anxiety, try to get rid of a collar or blanket. in no case should you remove protective devices. If the animal licks the seams, the inflammatory process will begin, which means that 2-3 weeks of additional wearing of the accessory and a course of antibiotics are guaranteed. So that the cat does not experience difficulties with feeding, the bowl is placed on a stand (4-5 centimeters), it should be smaller in diameter than the collar itself. Often, within 4-12 hours after waking up, the dexterity of movements returns to the cat.
How to feed a cat after sterilization?
Appetite should return within 2 days after surgery. If the animal is starving for about 5 days, you need to see a doctor. Reconsider the diet: it should contain a minimum of phosphorus and magnesium (they are often found in fish). You can give your pet lean meat. turkey, chicken, beef, offal, dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir, low-fat yogurt), vegetables (carrots, cabbage), cereals (oatmeal, wheat, semolina). If it is feed, it must be premium and labeled “for neutered animals”. You do not need to feed your pet with diet food or food for cats suffering from urolithiasis, if there are no signs of the disease.
After sterilization, the cat may recover a little: you should not worry, but you will have to monitor the further weight. sterilized animals are prone to obesity.
After the operation, the cat may develop reflex constipation: if the cat does not go to the toilet for about 3 days, you need to give her a laxative. The easiest way is to use petroleum jelly (pour it into your pet’s mouth) at the rate of 5 ml per 5 kg of weight. Give every 8 hours until desired effect is achieved. The veterinarian may prescribe other medications, in case of unforeseen situations, be sure to consult with him!
Caring for and transporting a neutered cat
The veterinarian, after the operation, leaves the cat for an hour in his clinic. He must make sure that there is no risk of bleeding. Only after this is it permissible for the owner to take her home. It is better to use your own transport or call a taxi so that the transportation goes quickly and without surprises. After sterilization, the cat is under anesthesia and is very weak.
If the clinic is close to home, then you can transport your pet in your arms or use a special container for carrying animals. We lay the cat on the right side so that there is less stress on the heart muscle. In the cold winter time, it is imperative to cover with a towel, but not completely, so that there is access to fresh air.
Special care after sterilization
After sterilization, the veterinarian must put a blanket on the cat without fail. You can do it yourself in advance, taking into account the wishes of the veterinarian. Such a bandage, in other words, a bandage, should be on the pet until the sutures are completely healed (about two weeks).
Throughout the entire period of wearing a sterilized dressing, you need to carefully process the seams, carefully removing them from the hind legs and, after processing, putting them back on. Due to the fact that the bandage is tied on the back, it will be difficult for the cat to remove it, but she will try to do it anyway to lick her wound. This cannot be allowed for an infection to enter the wound, which will certainly provoke inflammation.
The owner must ensure complete rest of the cat in the postoperative period. It is necessary to observe her behavior, since already on the sixth day her well-being noticeably improves, and she will try to remove the bandage.
May show interest in high surfaces and express a desire to conquer peaks. This should not be allowed in order to avoid suture divergence and infection. You need to think in advance about where the cat will be after spaying. You can restrict her access to the peaks and then she can calmly “heal” her wounds.
As for the cat’s mood, it will be sluggish for up to three days. Appetite will be poor, so do not insist on eating. The animal will soon rejoice at the appearance of an appetite, and on the fourth day it will show interest in what you offer it from food. If this does not happen and the cat behaves very sluggishly, then it is worth taking her to the veterinarian for an appointment.
Eating your cat after surgery
Often, after spaying, cats begin to greedily look at food, and as a result, obesity can occur, which disrupts the normal functioning of internal organs. It is necessary to adhere to these recommendations for cats after sterilization:
you need to feed strictly in time, namely, provide your pet with three meals a day;
the immune system is well strengthened by a balanced diet based on natural products. turkey, chicken, including rabbit and beef. Fish should be completely excluded from the diet;
if meat, then it is forbidden to give it to a cat raw, only boiled;
it is worth diversifying the diet with buckwheat cereals, oatmeal and corn;
Provide unlimited access to water;
consult a veterinarian regarding additional vitamin and mineral complexes.
You need to take care of your beloved cat, but just not indulge her whims. She can ask for food all the time, but for her health she needs only three meals a day.
How to properly handle stitches after surgery
You need to be patient with regards to the processing of postoperative stitches, since you need to do this at least twice a day. In an antiseptic, you need to moisten a cotton pad, carefully remove the bandage and wipe the seam. You need to monitor the cat’s behavior and understand that this is not a pleasant procedure for her. She gives her discomfort. If wool is found on the seam, you need to try to carefully eliminate it, including the ichor. If the seam does not heal well, you can dry it with brilliant green, use the composition for quick healing (Levomekol), which was advised by the veterinarian. After the performed procedures, you need to return the bandage to its place, since the cat after sterilization should not have access to the wound.
A normal seam should not exceed 3 centimeters in length. You can see thread fragments in some places. A normal reaction can be considered the appearance of a lump at the suture site, because the tissues grow and scar. Over time, the animal will not feel discomfort, since the lump will resolve. You can consult a doctor about prescribing additional vitamins and a special diet.
What medicines will help relieve pain after sterilization
The cat will feel unwell for the first time after the operation. from discomfort to acute pain. After consulting with your doctor, you can give her pain relievers such as:
You need to understand that you should not experiment on a cat on your own, without the participation of a doctor. Those drugs that can relieve pain in humans can send an animal to the next world or greatly aggravate its condition.
In addition to painkillers, anti-inflammatory compounds, antibiotics that stop bleeding, including restorative pills can be prescribed by the doctor.
Disadvantages of inpatient recovery
The disadvantages include the stress of the animal, which will find itself in unfamiliar conditions. In addition, the cat may regard the owner’s behavior as a betrayal, so it will not be easy to restore trust with the pet. The high cost of keeping an animal in the clinic can be a pain in the. And, of course, there is no guarantee that conscientious specialists work in a specialized institution, who will carry out the necessary procedures on time and regularly and keep the animal in comfortable conditions. After all, only a loving owner can provide good care for a cat after sterilization.
How to care for a cat after spaying?
It would seem that spaying a cat has long been an ordinary operation, it is carried out in many veterinary clinics and takes only 15 minutes. However, for the animal itself, the postoperative period is not easy. Proper care of your pet is especially important at this time.
How to ensure a comfortable recovery for your cat? Remember that caring for a spayed cat involves special conditions of detention not only in the first week after surgery, but also throughout the rest of its life.
After the tenth
After removing the stitches and passing 10 days, the cat is almost completely restored, eats normally, lives an active, full life and easily conquers heights.
The most important in the postoperative period are the first three days of rehabilitation, when there is a high risk of contracting an infection. Therefore, right now you need to devote all your time to your darling and carefully monitor her condition.
So, you pick up your pet from the veterinary clinic and she is in a post-anesthetic state. The cat cannot walk normally and does not keep well on its feet, periodically falling. It is best to limit the movement of the pet around the apartment by fencing a plot for her in the comgat.
Lay a soft bed for her on the floor and cover it with a diaper. Why on the floor? To limit sudden movements that are now difficult for the animal and to protect against falling from a height.
Provide your pet with peace and quiet, a warm place to rest and limit her movement around the room to prevent injury.
It is necessary to lay it on the right side in order to limit the already great load on the heart. On the first day after coming out of anesthesia, it is fashionable for a cat to offer a drink.
Four days to a week
At this time, nothing needs to be done. After laparoscopic sterilization, by this time the suture is already completely healed, by the end of the first week it can be removed. However, when using absorbable materials, there is no need for this, so the owner does not need to do anything at all. The blanket (as a rule) can be removed on the fifth day, there is no particular need for it.
It is only necessary to monitor the general condition of the cat. There are no special feeding requirements, if the animal feels good, then from the fifth day it can be completely transferred to a regular diet. Suture maintenance is no longer required, but it can be treated with chlorhexidine every three days.
Second and third
If the cat did not go to the toilet on the first day after the operation, then there is nothing to worry about. However, if on the second and third day the situation repeats itself, then it’s time to sound the alarm. This means that the operation did not go entirely smoothly and there are some complications. You need to contact your doctor as soon as possible or take your pet to the hospital.
If everything is all right with going to the toilet both “small” and “large”, then there is no reason to worry. Continue to monitor your cat and keep it away from noise and stress.
The toilet should be close to the pet and it is best not to use “dirty” fillers that contain dust during this time. It is better to just tear a newspaper into a tray. this will prevent contamination of the seam.
On the second day, the cat needs to be fed. Offer her small portions of food (about a third of the usual). The delicacy is allowed to be given low-fat and easily digestible, for example, kefir with bifidobacteria and chicken broth. The portion should be increased gradually, but spayed cats should be protected from obesity.
Transportation after surgery
Particular attention should be paid to the process of transporting the cat after the operation. This process must be carried out correctly, taking into account all the necessary rules and recommendations.
It should be borne in mind that at this time the animal is experiencing a process of withdrawal from anesthesia, for all it can proceed in different ways.
Important! The withdrawal of cats from anesthesia after sterilization may depend on various factors. features of individual drug intolerance, drug dosage, adherence to preparation before surgery, and much more. It is not recommended to carry the cat in your arms or in a car seat
Due to the fact that the animal at this time is under the influence of a narcotic drug, for this reason it can behave unpredictably
It is not recommended to carry the cat in your arms or in a car seat. Due to the fact that the animal at this time is under the influence of a narcotic drug, for this reason it can behave unpredictably.
Transportation should be carried out in compliance with the following recommendations:
as soon as the cat after the operation is transferred to the owner, it must be placed in a special carrier;
sterilization of a cat must be carried out under anesthesia, therefore, after the operation, the pet may be in a state of narcotic sleep or it may start to wake up slowly
For this reason, it must be taken carefully so that it is not frightened;
for transportation, it is worth using a spacious carrier, it is desirable that its top folds back;
a waterproof oilcloth should be laid on the bottom surface, and the top should be covered with a clean sheet. Anesthesia in a pet causes a decrease in the protective properties of the body, for this reason, it may lose the ability to normal thermoregulation
For this reason, the animal must be provided with warmth during this period. This requirement is relevant for the winter season, therefore, during this period, the risk of hypothermia of the animal’s body is increased.
Anesthesia in a pet causes a decrease in the protective properties of the body, for this reason it may lose the ability to normal thermoregulation. For this reason, the animal must be provided with warmth during this period. This requirement is relevant for the winter season, therefore, during this period, the risk of hypothermia of the animal’s body is increased.
Warming up a pet can be done according to the following scheme:
- for warming up, you should use a heating pad or a plastic bottle with warm liquid;
- you need to place an object for warming up from the back;
- when warming up, it is worth strictly ensuring that the heating pad or bottle is not on the cat’s crotch area;
- do not allow heat to enter the area with the wound, it can provoke severe bleeding;
- cover the animal with a warm blanket on top;
- constantly monitor the process, do not overheat.
Caring for the animal in the first hours after sterilization
Consider how to care for a cat after spaying
As soon as the animal has undergone surgery, the owner must surround him with care and attention so that the recovery period passes without complications. In the first hours after sterilization, the cat moves away from anesthesia
Observe the condition of the animal to avoid complications. Here are some points that can be alarming:
- if the cat lies motionless for a long time, and the nose and legs are very cold, you need to change its temperature (insert a thermometer into the anus). Temperature below 37 ℃ is a reason to see a doctor. It could be hypothermia.
- persistent bleeding for more than 10 hours after surgery suggests that there is most likely internal bleeding. An urgent need to contact a veterinary clinic.
- high body temperature of the animal. more than 40 ℃ is also an abnormal factor. Normally, a cat may have a fever of about 39 ℃ for 3 days, but no more.
- swelling and suture inflammation can persist for up to 5 days. If something like this has been observed for more than a week, then you need to show the animal to the veterinarian.
The post-operative care of a cat after spaying is quite troublesome for the owner. The animal does not control itself for some time, so involuntary urination is possible. This is normal, so don’t scold your cat. Vomiting is also possible. This, too, should not disturb the owner. But if vomiting continues for more than two days, this is already a pathology.
During the operation, the cat is kept with open eyes. When you bring the animal home, her eyes are still open. So that the mucous membrane does not dry out, you need to bury a special solution.
The same goes for the mouth. To avoid drying out, you should periodically water the cat with a pipette.
This must be done carefully so that the animal does not swell. Very little water is needed. a few drops
But you need to drink regularly, about every hour.
If the cat wants to use the toilet, it is better to help her. Carry the animal to the litter box and gently support it with a towel under its belly. The cat is still very weak after surgery, so it will be difficult for her to cope on her own.
A sleepy state in which the pet does not control its actions and rushes about in space can last up to 12 hours. Lethargy and lack of appetite can persist for up to 48 hours.
If the cat cannot recover for more than 3 days, it is necessary to contact the veterinary clinic.
Some veterinary clinics may offer to leave the fluffy pet for the recovery period in the hospital, since caring for the cat during the first days after sterilization is very important and quite laborious. There are pros and cons to such a proposal.