How to properly plant plants in an aquarium?
The acquired plants are carefully examined, diseased and decaying parts are removed, the roots are cleaned of dirt and rinsed in water. In plants with a shortened stem and a strong root system, the roots are thinned out, and the remaining ones are cut to a length of 2.3 cm.After cutting the roots, the plants grow better.
In plants with a small number of thin roots, they are not touched or cut very moderately (in Anubias, the roots are not touched).
In cuttings of plants with an elongated stem, remove the lower part with roots and leaves, but less than 3.4 nodes must not be left. Each plant, after planting, loses old roots and forms new ones, so there are difficulties in plant growth, so try to avoid frequent replanting.
It is good to disinfect the plants before planting. To do this, each of them must be rinsed for about five minutes in a weak solution of sodium chloride, the water must be slightly salted in taste (one teaspoon per liter of water). This must be done to eliminate harmful organisms that may enter the aquarium along with plants.
Plants can be planted in the aquarium in two ways: either they can be planted in wet sand before pouring water, or after some of the water has already been poured. In the first method, it is easier to strengthen the plant in the ground, and in the second, it is easier to give the plant the desired position.
In both cases, the plants are planted in holes that are made in sandy soil. When planting, care must be taken that the roots of the plant do not bend. Remember: the roots of aquatic plants are very delicate and can break easily if handled carelessly. Therefore, be especially careful and careful.!
Our Aquarium Plants and How to Plant Them. Tips and Techniques
Planting plants after pouring water. The ends of the tweezers pinch the roots of the plant or the end of the stem of the cutting and insert into the ground, then open the ends and carefully remove the tweezers at an angle to the plant. Plants with a shortened stem are planted so that the root collar is only covered with soil, and cuttings of plants with an elongated stem are planted to a depth of 3.5 cm, and each cuttings are planted separately at a distance of at least the length of the leaf from one another. In plants with a rhizome, tuber or bulb, the roots can be cut off almost completely. the plant will live off reserve nutrients. A long, horizontally located rhizome is additionally slightly pressed into the ground with your fingers.
If the plant has a large lifting force and floats, then the rhizome is previously tied with a nylon thread to the stone, and it can be removed after the plant has taken root. Thai fern and key moss are also attached to a stone or driftwood, and bolbitis and Javanese moss can simply be put in the place intended for them and they will attach themselves. The tuber of the plant cannot be completely immersed in the soil, it must be open from above. Before planting, the bulb is wrapped with filter wool or peat fibers, leaving a free space for root growth.
Floating plants are allowed into the water after filling the aquarium with water. If it is necessary that they occupy a certain area, then it is limited by a nylon thread tied to suction cups attached to the walls of the aquarium.
Planting plants before pouring water. With a stick or finger, a hole is made in the ground and a plant is lowered into it, after which the soil is squeezed around it, while the roots should hang down, and not bend up and come out to the surface.
Never plant plants in the front of the aquarium, otherwise you will not be able to observe the life of your underwater world.
Never plant different plants next to each other. Remember that plants compete with each other for light, nutrition, and living space. Therefore, plants are usually planted in groups. each group consists of plants of the same species.
Do not plant too densely, especially fast growing plants. They will soon grow, and you will have to clear the aquarium of underwater thickets. In addition, closely planted plants will interfere with each other, some of them will be in a depressed state.
Light-loving plants are planted near the most illuminated wall of the aquarium. Large bushes are planted either at the back wall or in the corners. Make sure that light-loving plants do not shade each other.
Before choosing a place for a plant, remember how this plant relates to light, what kind of light is best for it.
How to properly plant plants in an aquarium
Live plants provide a natural healthy aquatic environment for any aquarium, and provide shelter and protection for many small fish and fry species. Each plant has its own conditions for successful growth, some are very capricious and require special care, others are unpretentious and adapt to various water parameters. The latter are the best choice for a novice aquarist.
Step # 1. Find plants that require the same conditions as your fish. Lighting is usually set at a ratio of 2 watts per 4–5 liters of water. So for a volume of 100 liters, bulbs with a total power of 20-25 watts will be required. These are approximate average figures.
Step number 2. It is recommended for beginners to purchase unpretentious plants such as Hygrophila varifolia, Javan moss, Anubias dwarf, Cryptocrine, Vallisneria.
Step number 3. Use fine gravel or coarse sand as a substrate. Reliable rooting is possible with a soil thickness of 4–6 cm. If possible, mix the new soil with a part of the old one from a mature aquarium in the proportion ¼ (for example, you can ask your friends or acquaintances). This is important for a new aquarium and will provide the initial feeding of the plants.
Step # 4. Before placing the plant in water, carefully examine the leaves, they may be snail eggs. Uninvited guests will fall out of place.
Step # 5. Most root plants are sold in pots / containers. Gently remove the plant and untangle the roots with a toothpick.
Step Use a pencil or wooden dowel to make a depression in which the root system will fit. Cover up the roots. Floating plants can simply be placed in the aquarium.
Step 7. Plants need from 3 to 4 weeks to acclimatize, all this time they will live off the stored nutrients. Therefore, it makes no sense to add fertilizers, they will not be absorbed and will only pollute the water. In the future, the fish will fertilize the soil themselves, no worse than expensive additives.
Step 8. Once the plants are placed, they will become an integral part of the biological system of the aquarium and will maintain ecological balance by absorbing fish waste and releasing oxygen.
- How to choose an aquarium
- Filters and filter media
- Lighting system
- Calculating the illumination of the aquarium
- Colorful temperature
- Heating systems
- Aeration system
Information of the “Fish” section in terms of scientific names and habitat conditions
matches FishBase materials. global catalog of fish species,
coordinated by the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences.
How to properly plant plants in an aquarium?
Both experienced and novice aquarists will be able to plant plants. In order for them to please for a long time, the disembarkation must be done correctly. There are a few rules to follow.
Some aquarists are wondering how to plant whimsical plants in an aquarium? After all, certain types of grown mosses and ferns require special conditions. Therefore, for planting, they use containers or pots that are filled with a certain substrate.
For large and small containers, containers are used that have appropriate dimensions. If a container that does not fit in size is placed in a new or operated tank, this will provoke a violation of the ecosystem, the death of representatives of the fauna.
Aquarium plants are planted in two ways:
- Planting is carried out in a substrate laid on the bottom of the tank. Filling with water is performed after a while. This option is beneficial in that the root system penetrates deeper into the soil, is more firmly fixed.
- The plant is planted in a container filled with water. This method is used when planting species that are distinguished by long stems.
Installation of decorative elements
Initially, the selected substrate is poured into the new tank and decorative elements are installed. If necessary, grottoes, driftwood and other components are decorated with selected vegetation. The procedure is carried out before water is poured into the aquarium. Indeed, in the process of decoration, they often move.
Javanese moss and some types of ferns are used to decorate driftwood, smooth and flat stones. A nylon thread is used to fix them. The thread will collapse within 10-14 days. This time is enough for the moss to attach to a stone or snag.
Pouring water into the container is performed in several stages. Each time the level is raised by 1–2 cm.
Center and back area filling
How to properly plant vegetation in the background and center of the tank? For these purposes, stem species are used, which are best planted in a group. After all, the group has an attractive appearance. Echinodorus and Cryptocoryne are used to fill the center. They are actively spreading throughout the reservoir.
Planted flowers, shady vegetation are grouped by shade, size and shape. At the same time, you need to carefully use algae, other representatives of the flora, which have a rich red hue, to decorate the tank. After all, this shade is poorly perceived by fish.
Experienced aquarists start filling the tank from the foreground. After all, planting plants near the front wall is difficult, since the number of suitable species is limited.
For these purposes, dwarf type anubias are used. But they do require regular lighting. Therefore, they can only be grown by experienced aquarists. For planting, tweezers are used, with which the root system is pressed.
Before planting a plant, it is given a visual assessment. The damaged or weak part is carefully removed. The root system is cleared of soil lumps. If necessary, the roots are washed under running water.
HOW TO PLANT AQUARIUM PLANTS PROPERLY!
The powerful root system is cut and pruned. Leave 2-4 cm. This procedure is carried out so that the selected vegetation takes root, and the root system develops better. Excessively thin roots do not touch, since their integrity is easy to break.
Representatives of the flora, which are distinguished by a long stem, are often not transplanted, since they do not take root well.
Before placing the plants in the aquarium, they are disinfected. For this, a solution is prepared that includes salt (table salt). With the help of such a composition, pathogens and infections are removed.
In order for the planted aquarium plants to take root and delight the owner with luxurious branches and bright colors, the flora should be properly planted. There are two options for planting plants in an aquarium:
- The vegetation is placed in the soil located at the bottom of the tank, and the container is filled with water after a certain time. This method allows for a stronger fixation of greens in the soil.
- The flowers are planted in a reservoir immediately filled with liquid. This method is used for long-stemmed flowers.
You can plant plants in an artificial reservoir using tweezers. To do this, grab the flower by the root or base of the stem and carefully place the greens in the soil, after which the tool is carefully removed. To avoid the death of a planted water flower, you should know the method of planting different types of vegetation:
- Flora species with short stems are planted so that the root collar is slightly covered with soil.
- Vegetation with high stems is deepened into the substrate by 3-5 cm.
- The tuberous type of flora is not completely placed in the soil, but the top is left slightly open.
- Flora with a long horizontal root should be slightly pressed into the soil, acting gently and gently.
- Floating vegetation can only be grown in a tank that is filled with liquid.
At the initial arrangement of a new artificial reservoir, as many species of flora as possible should be immediately located, otherwise there is a risk of algae appearance, since a small part of the greenery is not able to suppress the development of harmful algae.
How to properly plant plants in an aquarium?
Planting plants in an aquarium is an integral part of arranging an artificial reservoir. Living flora not only performs a decorative function, but also purifies water from harmful substances, instead filling the liquid with oxygen and maintaining the balance of the ecological system. Having chosen the necessary types of greenery, you should learn how to properly plant aquarium plants so that they do not die.
Both experienced owners and beginners in the field of aquaristics are capable of planting plants in an aquarium. all you need to do is choose the right flowers and read the recommendations on how to plant greens. By following the rules, you can increase the chances of long-term flora living in a pond with fish.
Before planting plants, greens must be prepared for planting in the ground. To do this, follow these steps:
- The plant is carefully examined for rot, injury, and yellowed roots. If there are any, then the dead parts are carefully removed.
- The root system is also inspected, and cleaned of lumps of dirt by rinsing under running warm water.
- If the roots of aquarium plants are too large and powerful, then they are thinned and trimmed, leaving 4 cm.The procedure is necessary for the plant to take root and develop.
- Once the flower is processed, the greens are disinfected, destroying pathogenic bacteria and infections. To do this, prepare a solution with salt, in which the plant is dipped.
How to properly place plants in an aquarium
In order to grow beautiful green thickets in the aquarium, the species of flora should be correctly placed. Aquarium vegetation is divided into several categories, each of which has its own place on the territory of the reservoir:
- foreground greens;
- middle and background;
- solitaire flowers;
- potted vegetation.
The design of the reservoir begins with the planting of flora on driftwood or large stones. If the owner has such a desire. This process is performed in a container without water, fixing mosses and ferns with a nylon thread or fishing line. After the flora is fixed, it is necessary to pour a little liquid into the container.
Aquarium plants of the foreground are planted with tweezers, while the roots are lightly pressed with soil. The process will take a lot of time and effort, so you should be prepared in advance. The following types of greenery will look good in the foreground of the aquarium:
- small species of Echinodorus that will cover the bottom with a green carpet;
- cryptocorynes, unpretentious to the conditions of detention;
- dwarf Anubias, however, this species is quite picky about lighting.
After planting flowers in the foreground, you need to place the vegetation in the middle and background, observing the following rules:
- the stem flora is placed in groups, with the higher ones planted in the back, and the lower ones in the front;
- types of greenery, identical in color and genus, are not placed next to each other;
- filling in the middle and background of the tank, you should select different types of flora and combine flowers;
- an important rule for correct design is that each type of flora, or decorative element should be visible at least a little.
Having finished with the design of the space, you can place solitaire flowers, if the size of the tank allows it. Two or three large flowers are usually chosen as tapeworms, which are planted separately from each other at a great distance. For these purposes, nymphs, krinums or large echinodorus are ideal.
It should be borne in mind that tapeworms cannot be used in small tanks, as they will disturb the harmony of the composition.
When choosing flora for an aquarium, the owner may like capricious or exotic varieties of flowers that require an individual type of soil for growth and development. In this case, you can find a way out of an insoluble situation by using ordinary pots for planting. In order not to spoil the appearance of the reservoir, experienced owners use colorless containers that can be moved around the tank and, if necessary, disguise the container, giving the aquarium a natural look.
If there is no opportunity to use the pots for planting, then the bottom area is delimited into several sections by partitions made of glass or plastic. The required type of soil is laid in the resulting empty areas, and the plants you like are placed calmly.
Planting plants in an aquarium is an important part of decorating a pond to help maintain the biological balance in the tank. In order for the flowers to grow and delight the owner with a lush and healthy look, the greens must be properly planted in the ground and care for the flora, pruning lush bushes and removing dead parts.
How to plant aquarium plants
Plants are one of the most important components of the aquarium environment. In addition to the decorative function, they play the role of a natural biofilter, purifying water from harmful substances and saturating it with oxygen. As a result, maintain the balance of the ecosystem within the closed environment.
Planting aquarium plants is a laborious process that is the same in complexity as putting fish into a tank. When choosing seedlings to create underwater flora, find out which regions they are from. Tropical species do not get along well in aquariums with moderately warm water. Pay attention to the color of the plant. it should be a rich green color (or another, depending on the species), its structure, integrity. Rot, parasites, dry leaves should be absent.
Preparing to disembark
What plants to plant in an aquarium? Before planting greens, you need to clean them of snail eggs, as well as algae, dirt and turbidity. Remember to trim off dead plant areas (rotten, dry, and sluggish). Further, the plant must undergo disinfection. What manipulations should be carried out for processing:
- Place the seedling in a potassium permanganate solution for 20 minutes (preferably a light pink color so as not to burn it).
- You can make an alum bath, in which the plant must be lowered for 5-10 minutes. 1 tsp alum must be diluted in 1 liter of water.
- Another recipe for a disinfectant solution: 1 tsp. dissolve peroxide in 1 liter of water. Dip the seedling for 5 minutes.
- When disinfection is complete, the plant should be rinsed under clean water.
To speed up the growth of the seedling, it is advisable to use the root trimming method. A few minutes before planting it in the tank, it should be lined with 10 cm of washed soil in a container, and filled with water of the same height. Plant aquatic plants starting from the background of the aquarium. Plant tall species behind, in front of them. low, or lush bushes, forming a vegetation cover in one row. From the front, the aquascape looks like an observation deck that will immediately be noticed.
See how to properly plant plants in an aquarium.
The roots should be positioned in accordance with their natural growth. If in such plants as aponogeton and echinodorus the root system is horizontal, going downward by a couple of centimeters, then in Cryptocoryne and Vallisneria the root system is directed downward vertically. A characteristic error when planting is carried out is the bending of the roots, and not their direct location in the soil substrate. When you plan to plant Cryptocoryne and other species with a similar root system in the tank, make a depression in the soil deep, and place the seedling in it below the root collar, then spread the root. The soil must be crushed, and the plant must be pulled up so that the neck of the root is above the surface of the soil. This procedure helps to place small root branches directly in the ground.
When planting plants with a creeping rhizome, you need to take a group of 4-6 seedlings and plant them together to form a decorative look in an aquarium with fish. When planting creepers, each of them should be correctly positioned at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other. In a similar way, it is necessary to plant those species that grow slowly.
Floating plant species feed on what is obtained from the aquatic environment. Before planting the plants in the ground, the lower leaves from the 2 lower nodes are cut off, and the seedling is placed in the ground without roots, and cuttings into the soil substrate itself. To avoid floating it up after disembarkation, use flat roots.
Stiff-leaved plant species that receive soil from the roots can be planted in pots. They should be filled with soil that contains clay or peat for aquariums. It is important to consider when preparing or purchasing such a soil mixture that it is intended for aquarium plants and not for potted flowers. If there are fish in the tank that love to dig the soil and uproot the roots of seedlings, then the pots will provide the plants with safety. The pots are also convenient in that they can be easily and quickly removed from the container during cleaning without damaging the roots themselves. To prevent the aquascape from being spoiled, it is better to decorate the pots with stones.
See how to plant aquarium plants in pots.
When studying the issue of planting density of greens in a glass aquarium, it is correct to take into account that planting is individual for each species, and depends on the size of the seedling and its length. When planting Beckett’s Cryptocorynes, Ciliata Cryptocorynes, or Griffith’s Cryptocorynes, the roots should be laid in the ground, separating them from each other by 15-20 cm.This is necessary so that large plants do not catch on when they grow rapidly.
Echinodorus and aponogetons are planted at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other. When the plant species are very large, then the distance should be 20-30 cm.If the aponogeton has 20-40 large leaves, then you need to provide the seedling with enough space around it, otherwise it will be cramped.
When landscaping a home pond, it is not recommended to place seedlings close to each other. There should be enough free space for their development and growth in the future. In a month, the plants will grow, become more lush, and for fast-growing species (vallisneria, sagittaria, eregia) this is extremely important.
Planting aquarium plants correctly in the spring. It is recommended to take young seedlings from the greenhouse, since in those conditions they have adapted to the correct change of seasons. In the spring, they release daughter shoots, and in late autumn and early winter they are dormant.
Most aquarium plants prefer warm water, of course. In a heated tropical aquarium, for example, almost any species of flora will do well. For cold water, plants should be selected individually.
In such conditions, will develop well, for example:
- fontinalis moss;
Such plants are able to withstand a drop in water temperature up to 16-18 ° С.
Selection of the most suitable varieties
Of course, many beginners would like to know how to plant plants in an aquarium correctly. But before embarking on such a procedure, of course, one should attend to the choice, in fact, of the representatives of the underwater flora themselves.
There are many types of aquarium plants. Some of them are unpretentious, others require careful and constant care. In any case, when choosing plants for your home decorative underwater corner, be sure to consider the following factors:
- hardness of water;
- the volume of the aquarium;
- water temperature.
- tall plants are planted near the back wall;
- representatives of the flora of medium length are distributed in the center of the aquarium;
- very small plants can be planted throughout the entire area of the aquarium, including in the foreground.
How to properly plant plants in an aquarium: lighting
Any underwater representatives of the flora have one feature: they develop very poorly in the dark. Therefore, the owner of the aquarium will have to purchase, among other things, also sufficiently powerful lamps to illuminate it. The most suitable type of such equipment for growing plants are blue and red T5 phytolamps.
Plants treated with potassium permanganate or peroxide must be thoroughly rinsed with warm clean water. Further, the roots of the acquired representatives of the underwater flora should be slightly shortened. This will further stimulate their active development. At the final stage of preparation, the plants are lowered into some container with water and transferred closer to the aquarium.
What should be the soil
Actually, the very planting of aquarium plants in the aquarium is carried out using a simple technology. But to grow underwater flora at home, of course, you need to on the “right” soil. The quality of the substrate in this case is simply of great importance. In order to get a beautiful aquarium in the future, the choice of soil must be approached with all responsibility. The purchased substrate must contain all the trace elements necessary for the purchased plants. In any case, the soil must necessarily contain:
Ideally, the thickness of the soil layer for successful plant growth should be 10 cm. But in a small aquarium, you can, of course, put not too much substrate. In any case, the depth of the soil, even in a small container, should not be less than 3 cm.
When using such a substrate, however, the plants are best planted in plastic cups or special pots filled with ordinary garden soil. Such containers are subsequently simply dug into the pebbles for camouflage.
Planting density: expert recommendations
Plants in the aquarium must of course also be positioned correctly. The planting density of such flora representatives depends primarily on their variety. Experienced aquarists advise leaving more space between lush plants. Small representatives of the flora are allowed to be placed more often. Creeping plants are planted at all in several pieces in one hole. Simply put, when planting, the aquarist should, among other things, try to make sure that the plants do not overshadow each other during development.
How to plant plants in an aquarium: features and treatment of plants, planting technology, care, expert recommendations
Plants in an aquarium have several important functions. First, they saturate the water with oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. And secondly, underwater vegetation “takes” nitrates harmful to fish for their own nutrition. And, of course, a green aquarium looks very impressive and can become a real interior decoration.
How to plant plants in an aquarium
After you have purchased an aquarium plant, washed and disinfected it, it is time to start planting it. It is best to plant the plants in an aquarium with soil and a small layer of water, about 5 cm above the ground. If your aquarium is not new, then we work with what you have. Beginner aquarists make quite common mistakes when planting plants in an aquarium.
Always start planting from the rear window. This rule refers not so much to the correct fit as to good tone and the correct design. The front of the aquarium should be free of plants, or planted with small plants that form a grass cover on the ground.
Avoid bending the roots to the sides. Plants with a strong root system, such as Cryptocorynes or Vallisneria, should have straight roots and no bends. To do this, a deepening is made in the soil with a stick and the plant is planted deeper than the root neck, the root is covered with soil and then the plants are slightly pulled up to the root neck, so the root will always be straight and even.
When planting plants, it is very convenient to use a special long tweezers for aquarium plants in cases when your aquarium is full of water or has already been launched. With the help of tweezers, it is easy and convenient to grab the plant by the root without damaging it and immediately deepen it in the ground without first making a hole. This method can be used to plant a large number of small and large plants in a short time.
Position the plant root system according to its natural growth. As we have already described for plants with a powerful root, it should be completely buried and directed downward. Plants like Aponogeton and Echinodorus have flat roots growing in a horizontal plane.
A wide, shallow hole is made for them, the roots are spread like a fan in it and sprinkled with soil. Plants with a tuber or bulb are planted so that the tuber is not covered with soil on top. Mosses and ferns can be tied with a thread or fishing line to a stone or snag on which they will grow, after rooting, the fishing line or thread should be removed.
Do not plant different types of plants next to each other. Young plants tend to grow and multiply. If two different types of plants are planted next to each other, then, having grown, one of them will be in excellent condition, and the other in oppressed. A taller, faster growing plant will always dominate a shorter and slower growing plant. To do this, conditionally divide the aquarium into sectors and in each of them plant a certain type of plant in groups in accordance with your taste and preferences.
Do not plant densely fast growing plants. Fast-growing plants should be planted at a certain distance from each other, because growing in a short time, they will interfere with each other to receive nutrients and light in the required quantities, which over time will lead them to a deplorable state. If you do not know how to properly plant a plant and at what distance from each other, then look in the reference book for its adult sizes. Some especially large plants are planted in aquariums in a single copy at the back wall or in the corners, while the distance to neighboring plants can reach 20 centimeters or more.
Plants that feed exclusively through the root system should be properly planted in fertilized soil or in pots with specialized soil for aquarium plants. Such plants include cryptocorynes, aponogeton, echinodorus. Currently, there is a greater variety of fertilizers for aquarium soil, some of them are applied under the root of large plants immediately at the time of transplanting, you should not neglect them, especially when growing such types of plants.
Remember that each plant transplant in the aquarium is a great stress for him and a temporary stop in growth. This stress can be avoided or minimized by using small plant pots. In them, you can periodically change the location of your breeder without disturbing the root system, and if you choose the right size, you can camouflage it very well in the aquarium soil.
Preparing plants for planting
Before buying a new plant, it is advisable to find out the conditions in which it will grow and bloom well, acquire a bright color of foliage and will not suffer from the neighborhood with fish and other inhabitants of water bodies. Choosing herbs for an already running aquarium will have to take into account the conditions existing in it (hydrochemical indicators of water, its temperature, tank volume).
After the purchase, a new plant is examined and its primary processing is carried out:
- remove leaves damaged during transportation;
- the found clutches of snail eggs are removed;
- shorten or divide the rhizome (a number of plants can be multiplied in this way);
- crushed, broken roots are cut off (otherwise they will rot after planting);
- in plants with a fibrous root system (Cryptocorynes, Vallisneria, Echinodorus), thin roots are shortened by 1 / 2-1 / 3 if they are too long.
It is not recommended to shorten thin, weak roots (long-stemmed plants, mosses, ferns, etc.). Only broken root threads can be removed.
Before planting the plant, you should cut off old and yellowed leaves, and remove broken and damaged roots.
Before planting in the aquarium, the purchased bush must be treated with disinfectant liquids:
- methylene blue solution (0.5 g / l). effective against bacteria and fungi, molluscs;
- potassium permanganate (1 g / l). acts on pathogenic microflora, planaria, hydra, etc.;
- table salt (5 g / l). destroys microorganisms;
- special preparations (Sera costapur, Tetra Medica Contralck, etc.) according to the instructions or in a double dose to disinfect an individual plant. they fight against pathogens of fish infections.
The disinfecting solution is poured into a wide container. Greens are immersed in it for 10-15 minutes, unless otherwise indicated in the instructions. After that, the grass is washed under running water (from the tap). After treatment, plants are planted in the aquarium.
When choosing greenery, preference is given to low-growing and rapidly spreading plants along the bottom (anubias, small cryptocorynes, marsilias, etc.). They look good in small aquariums, as they rarely reach 5 cm in height. Open foreground “lawns” can occupy about 50% of the bottom surface.
Slightly taller varieties of Cryptocoryne or similar medium-sized rosettes can be placed around the edges. They are designed to limit the field of view by distracting the viewer from the side walls.
Proper vegetation care
The main care consists in maintaining the optimal water temperature and lighting. Not only the growth rate depends on this, but also the appearance of the greenery.
How to plant plants with horizontal roots
Aquarium plants with horizontal or aerial roots must be carefully secured in the ground with a sinker.
Planting aquarium plants with rhizomes is complicated by the fact that in most varieties this part cannot be dug into the sand. All points of growth from which leaves or branches are formed are located on the surface, and the rhizome must lie on the substrate.
The trunks, from which both rhizoids and leaves (for example, in ferns) branch off, do not hold well at the bottom. They practically do not form branched roots and constantly float to the surface of the water. You can fix them if you press down the rhizome with a stone or decorative element. It will also be possible to make the bush heavier with a lead wire or plate sinker.
To feed such specimens, special organomineral substrates are almost never used: most of the plant’s nutrients are obtained from water, or thin roots absorb nitrogenous substances from organic residues.
Installation of decorative elements
If you plan to install decorative stones, snags, lava, then first arrange these large details. Grass bushes are planted, shading the decor, which serves as an accent element.
These are always the most beautiful and expressive specimens. Large bushes of lotuses, aponogetons with beautiful foliage (for example, uvirandra) are selected, or topiary is artificially created from snags with moss. In a small aquarium, a ball of cladophora can act as a tapeworm.
Tapeworms are best placed in the foreground and middle ground. In the first case, the best place for a large bush is on the side of the composition. In the middle, the solitaire is the central figure.
How to plant rosette aquarium plants
Rosette specimens form a bundle of leaves emerging from 1 point. The stem of these grasses is short and all the petioles appear to grow together like a bulbous. Unlike the latter, the rosette aquaflora (cryptocorynes, echinodorus, saggitaria, pistia, water hyacinths, vallisneria, etc.) does not have a storage organ in the form of a bulb or corm. The root system of such plants is fibrous, thin roots grow from the base of the bush in different directions.
If the plant is not a floating plant (pistia, hyacinth, etc.), then it will have to be planted directly in the ground or in a container. When planting in a pot, proceed as described in the description for the bulbs. Unlike terrestrial plants, aquatic flora does not need drainage layers, and a silty substrate or a mixture of clay and peat is immediately placed in a planting container.
Before planting, rosette aquarium plants can be divided or, on the contrary, fastened with a plastic clip so that the bush does not crumble during planting.
Digging rosettes into the sand at the bottom, use special substrates or tablets for aquaflora. Experienced aquarists also mix clay and peat in equal proportions, mold balls from this mass, which they lay at the roots of the grass when planting. This provides the bush with nutrition in the form of organic and mineral substances.
When planting outlets on your own, it is important to observe the only requirement: the root collar (the place where the roots go down, and the foliage up) should not sink into the ground, and also rise above it. The level of the substrate passes exactly along the border of separation of the aboveground and underground parts.
Differences in planting of aquarium plants depending on their species
Many aquarists, out of habit or unknowingly, traditionally try to plant new plants in the aquarium when the tank is completely filled with water. But due to the refraction of light, it can be difficult to navigate and accurately plant the plant at the point originally intended. Therefore, the easiest way to plant plants in an aquarium is when the water level does not exceed a few centimeters from the bottom. You will also need a spray bottle filled with water in order to periodically spray the plants and keep them moist while you work.
Remember that all manipulations should be done only with high-quality equipment (tweezers and scissors), otherwise there is a risk of injury to a still immature plant, which can lead to its death!
Long-stemmed plants (Elodeya, Gigrofila, Ludwigia.)
Preparation for planting long-stemmed plants consists in adjusting the length of the roots, which must be shortened to about 4 cm. Do not be afraid of this step, as within a week after planting the plant will have new fresh roots and it will begin to fix in the ground. If you have purchased a bunch of plants fixed with a metal or ceramic ring, it must be removed. Also, if the plant was purchased in a pot, remove it from the pot and remove the mineral wool. Before planting, you should carefully cut off all old and yellowed leaves, as well as spoiled roots with sharp scissors.
Long-stemmed plants can be planted in single stems, but it is more efficient to plant in small groups of several bunches (each bunch has 3 to 5 stems). Do not try to bury the stem too deep into the substrate, otherwise it may start to rot.
Rosette plants (Echinodorus, Cryptocorynes.)
It is quite easy to work with rosette plants when planting, since they themselves are compact, and their leaves are more durable than long-stemmed plants. Often, when purchasing a rosette plant in a pot, a situation arises when the roots have already sprouted through mineral wool, and it becomes difficult to remove the plant from the pot without damaging the roots. If this is the case, do not be afraid to cut off overgrown roots, as they should still be shortened to 4 cm. Also, remove any old and yellowed leaves before planting. You can plant rosette plants either individually or in a group (at a distance of several centimeters from each other), it is most convenient to do this with tweezers. Try to plant the plant so as not to deepen the “growth point”, otherwise the plant may die!
Ground cover plants (Eleocharis, Glossostigma.)
Ground cover plants are most often sold in portions in pots, in which mineral wool is taken as a nutritional basis. If the roots of the plant have grown so strongly into the cotton wool that it is not possible to completely remove it, then the mineral wool should be cut so that it remains about 1 cm with the roots. In this case, the cotton wool will play the role of an additional load. This will help the plant not float up and take root in the soil faster. But if possible, try to remove as much of the cotton wool as possible. Before planting, it is necessary to divide the contents of the pot into several portions and plant them in the ground at a distance of 2. 3 cm from each other using tweezers. When planting ground cover plants, you cannot do without tweezers. the roots of the plants are so small and thin that you cannot do it carefully with your hands, without endlessly pulling the plants back.
Rhizome Plants. Rhizome Plants (Anubias and Ferns)
Such plants are easily recognizable due to the massive base (stem), from which leaves and roots grow vertically up and down. It is preferable to cultivate rhizome plants in an aquarium on the decor, as they do not tolerate planting in open ground. this will certainly lead to decay of the rhizome. Anubias and Ferns look great and feel good on rocks and snags, where they can be easily fixed with fishing line or ordinary cotton thread. When planting for the first time, slightly correct (if necessary) overgrown roots, as well as remove old and yellowed leaves.
Free-floating plants (Limnobium, Azola, Hornwort, Salvinia.)
All preparation for the “planting” of plants floating on the surface of the water is reduced to shortening excessively long roots and removing old leaves. If you have chosen Hornwort as a floating plant, then it can be divided into several small parts, from which independent adult plants will develop in the future. Free-floating plants can be very useful for aquariums with a lot of organic matter in the water, as they actively absorb it, as well as for aquariums with very shy fish or fry, in the roots they can find the shelter they need.
For growth, mosses absolutely do not need to root in the soil, since they take all the nutrients they need from the water. A small amount of moss is enough to fix on the decor with a fishing line or thread, and it will grow on its own. It is recommended to place the mosses on the decorations in a thin layer, if possible, excluding the overlapping of branches, as this can lead to rotting of the lower layer. Any driftwood that can be used in an aquarium, as well as natural stones, preferably with a ribbed surface, have proven themselves as suitable decorations for mosses.
Plants with bulbs and tubers (Crinums, Aponogetones and Nymphea)
In plants with bulbs and tubers, as well as in long-stemmed plants, before planting in the ground, it is necessary to shorten the roots to approximately 4 cm.If the plant was sold in a pot with mineral wool, then it must be carefully removed. Also, if there are several plants in the pot, separate them from each other and plant each plant separately. When planting, do not bury the bulb or tuber too deeply. ½ part of the bulb should be washed with water in order to avoid the start of the decay process. Bulbous plants grow very long and powerful roots, so they need to be planted in the ground with a depth of at least 9 cm.
For more information on the content of bulbous plants in an aquarium, see the article:
“Everything you need to know about bulbous plants in an aquarium”
Plants with elongated side shoots (stolons) (Vallisneria, Sagittaria, Lilaeopsis, Ranunculus.)
The preparation and planting of plants with elongated lateral shoots is absolutely similar to the manipulations with long-stemmed plants, with a few exceptions. They need to be planted not in bunches (the exception is Lilaeopsis), but in separate shoots at a distance of several centimeters from each other. It is very convenient to do this with tweezers, as they will help to minimize the formation of turbidity in the aquarium.