Flea and tick drops are very convenient to use and keep working even if your cat or dog is bathed or exposed to rain.
- Always choose flea and tick drops specifically designed for your pet.
- Weigh your pet to make sure you pick the right dose for his or her size.
- Do not combine doses, do not use the product more often than indicated in the instructions, and do not mix with other flea and tick products, as this may lead to an overdose.
- For best results, do not bathe your pet 24 hours before or after application.
Powders and sprays:
The spray, as well as the flea and tick repellent in the form of a powder, is applied directly to your pet, and then rubbed into the coat all over the body. They can be used more freely than other types of protection, and they also come in versions that are designed to be used in your home on upholstery, carpets and bedding to protect your pet and your family’s entire environment.
Powders and sprays are suitable for cats and dogs at all stages of life, making them versatile. Take care of your pet’s eyes and ears when applying.
Flea and tick collars are a convenient option for cat or dog owners who do not suffer from existing infestations. Like topical preparations, they are effective in preventing infection, but not necessarily curing it.
Collars have a longer lasting effect, usually up to 7 or 8 months, and can be worn in addition to a regular pet collar. Flea and tick collars have two functions: they scare away and heal. Some collars only repel, while others repel and heal at the same time.
Repellent collars give off a gas that repels fleas and ticks from biting. Healing collars contain a medicine that is absorbed into the sebaceous glands and spreads with natural oils through the skin of the cat or dog. If only a repulsive collar is used, the parasite must bite it for the pesticide to kill it. Medicated collars release ingredients that kill fleas and ticks on contact before they bite.
- Always choose the right flea and tick collar for your pet.
- Measure your pet’s neck to make sure the collar fits his size.
- Do not combine doses, do not use the product more often than indicated in the instructions, and do not mix with other flea and tick products, as this may lead to an overdose.
Drops on the withers:
Liquid preparations, sometimes called topical treatments, are applied directly to the skin of a cat or dog, usually between the shoulders, at the base of the neck (for cats), or across the entire back from the base of the neck to the tail (for dogs). These products come in vials containing products that protect your pet for 30 days.
They work by killing fleas and ticks (and sometimes mosquitoes, depending on the product) by depositing chemicals in the sebaceous glands, where the active ingredient is released and travels through the glands that lubricate the cat’s or dog’s fur with oil. Upon application, the compound spreads rapidly over the skin. The pesticide attacks the nervous system of fleas and ticks and causes the parasites to lose their ability to feed on your pet.
Some flea and tick drops also contain an Insect Growth Regulator (PPH) to control eggs that may have survived the initial feeding. PPH inhibits the development of eggs until they reach adulthood, thereby disrupting the natural life cycle. PPHs also prevent new infections.
Types of flea and tick control products and how they work
Fleas and ticks not only cause inconvenience, but can also transmit various diseases to both animals and humans. To reduce the risk to your pet and your family, use medicated drops, collars, powders, shampoos, or sprays to keep pesky parasites at bay. Remember to only use these products as directed and consult your veterinarian if your cat or dog experiences any adverse reactions.
Oral flea repellents are usually only available from veterinary clinics or pharmacies and come in both pill and chewable form that are taken by your pet by mouth and not on the body.
Oral insecticides usually target either flea eggs or adult fleas, but not both, so you may have to choose which part of the life cycle to target and eradicate. Flea tablets act very quickly, after 30 minutes.
There are currently no oral medications to kill ticks.
How to protect cats and dogs from fleas and ticks
How do these remedies work for pets??
For many pet owners, fleas and ticks are a year-round problem. they are awake all year long and are always on the lookout for their next meal. As these ectoparasites evolve to counter our methods of dealing with them, new products are constantly being developed. It then becomes a balancing act of sorts as responsible pet parents seek the best ways to prevent and kill these pests, while keeping in mind the well-being of their four-legged friend. But how exactly do drops, collars, sprays, powder and shampoos fight fleas and ticks in our cats or dogs??
Which brand of drug to choose?
- 1. Frontline. which contains fipronil ,
- 2. Hartz, which additionally softens irritated and moisturizes dry dog skin,
- 3. Beafar, which contains mostly plant components.
Drops from fleas and ticks
Widespread among the owners of “tails” are drops on the withers. as an inexpensive and effective flea and tick treatment for dogs and puppies.
They are applied to the back of the “tail” and, penetrating into the skin, make it poisonous for parasites. The drugs are produced by Russian and foreign manufacturers using different active ingredients. The effectiveness of the substances, declared by the manufacturers, reaches from 80 to 98%. But only if the application is correct:
- – it is necessary to correctly calculate the number of “pipettes” for the pet’s body weight,
- – you can not bathe the dog 2-3 before and 2-3 days after treatment,
- – on each package of the product is written the period of effective action (usually a month), it is important to observe the term and treat the dog two to three days before its expiration,
- – make sure that the drug is suitable for your dog, as some drugs are contraindicated for puppies up to 2 months old, bitches “in a special” position, sick animals.
- – Frontline ,
- – Rolf Club,
- – Practitioner,
- – Advantix ,
- – Lawyer,
- – Mr bruno,
- – Phyprex,
- – Hartz,
- – Barrier. Bars, Dana, Celandine (Russia).
The disadvantage of using drops from fleas and ticks should be attributed to the easy rinse off with water. Did the dog bathe in the pond? The effectiveness of the drug is significantly reduced.
Collar for dogs against fleas and ticks
How does a flea collar work? Collars have a double effect. They are impregnated with substances that create a protective field around the animal that repels insects. Also, the drug spreads over the skin of the dog, providing protection against the attack of the “bloodsucker”.
The effective action of the impact of the collar for dogs against fleas and ticks is guaranteed by the manufacturer with constant wearing. And the protection period is six months. Many manufacturers such as Kiltix or Foresto. offer products for different breeds of dogs, based on their body weight and activity.
The disadvantage of this remedy is the inadmissibility of use for weakened animals, puppies up to 2 months and bitches “in position”.
Important: If the dog is allergic to the active substance in the form of redness at the site of contact, the collar must be removed.
Some wearers consider the combined use of drops and a collar as the best protection against ticks. But veterinarians do not recommend doing this, because mixing substances of different composition and principle of action can cause negative consequences for the health of the animal.
How to protect your dog or puppy from fleas and ticks
Flea and tick spray for dogs
Sprays are gaseous preparations placed in a can. They are sprayed on the fur and skin of the animal at regular intervals. Manufacturers such as Bolfo offer a range of flea and tick sprays for dogs and puppies of different body weights (small, large and medium), the amount and length of hair (for hairless, smooth-haired breeds). There are sprays on sale for treating open areas of the dog’s body.
Flea and tick spray for dogs is not suitable for long-haired breeds with a thick undercoat, since the drug simply does not reach the skin, and the instructions say that after proper treatment, the animal’s coat and skin should be wet.
Important: When treating an animal with a spray, you should prevent the pet from licking the treated areas, since the substances in the composition are poisonous!
Flea & Tick Remedies for Dogs and Puppies
Ticks are dangerous to dogs. All “dog lovers” know this. The season of “bloodsuckers” begins with the first spring days and ends with persistent frosts. This period is dangerous, because after the bite of an infected tick, the dog can get sick with piroplasmosis or borreliosis. Protecting an animal can only be done with preventive measures, because the disease is easier to prevent than to cure.
The veterinary drug market offers flea and tick protection for dogs and puppies in a variety of formats. As:
- – drops on the withers,
- – sprays,
- – collars.
Each format has its own advantages and disadvantages, specifics of action and use:
- – spray treatment of pet’s fur and skin helps repel insects,
- – drops and collars do not scare away ticks, but insects die by digging into the treated dermis.
Important: Contact protective equipment is good at preventing infection with piroplasmosis: the tick, even if it bites, does not have time to “inject” the infected saliva, as it dies.
The drug doesn’t work
In this case, you should use a drug of a different brand and form, which will help our specialists to choose.
How to protect your dog from ticks and fleas?
Let me remind you that most of my recommendations are based on my experience of keeping and training dogs.
They can (and should) be criticized, questioned. But, of course, these are recommendations that have been proven by life, that is, by my long experience of keeping dogs.
I believe, and my experience confirms the correctness of this opinion, that taking the dog to the veterinarian is necessary only in the most urgent cases, when its life is at stake.
In all other cases, one must rely on Mother Nature, who better than any veterinarian will protect, save and even make her health stronger in 90% of cases of minor or temporary ailment. This confidence, I repeat, comes from my life experience and the understanding of a research biologist of the fact that we no longer know about the functioning of the dog’s body than we know, and any pharmaceutical drugs have side (often harmful) effects for our pet. It’s just that they will appear much later, when we have already forgotten what exactly we gave him, saving him from the “illness”.
“The best veterinarian is only one step away from a fool. Such things happen to all of us, James “said the veterinarian and boss to James Harriot, when the latter was unable to” lift “a sick cow and which, after a few days, suddenly recovered without the intervention of a doctor (James Harriott’s story” The Cow Is a Liar “).
And don’t forget the wisdom of the following words, quoted by Nicholas Taleb in his amazingly clever book, Antifragility. How to Benefit from Chaos “:
“If you want a quick death to a person, attach a personal doctor to him.”
Let me remind you again. I do not urge you to blindly follow me, since you are free to make your choice, but I urge you to prudence and common sense, which are always worth more than all “scientific theories” put together! Scientific theories are born and die. nothing is carved in stone!
And now, not forgetting about everything I said above, let’s move on to the stated topic. How to protect a dog from fleas and ticks?
Wait, first joke: “After the party, the two fleas are discussing how they will get home. One says to the other. listen, friend, do you think we’ll catch the dog or go home on foot? “
Now the first recommendation that comes to mind. If you do not want your dog to become a “vehicle” for ticks and fleas. do not walk with your dog in the fields and forests in the spring! Walk your pet (if you are not chased by vigilant environmentalists) in city parks and along roadsides. it is unlikely that your pet will “catch” an unwanted rider here.
The second recommendation is to always examine your dog thoroughly after a walk.
Once on the dog, the tick begins to move along the coat to those parts of the body where the skin is thinner and the blood supply is good.
Most often digging into the dog’s body in the area of the ears and eyelids.
If you do not immediately carefully examine the dog, then you may not notice a microscopic bloodsucker.
Seeing the next day a blue “pill” similar to a blueberry hanging on the dog’s eyelid, do not panic.
Prepare a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or hydrogen peroxide, take tweezers and gently, without haste, pluck out the “villain”, then treat the bite site with these solutions (protecting the dog’s eyes from liquid getting into them).
I know that now “orderlies” recommend pulling out a tick with a “proboscis”, and then taking the insect to doctors (only intact individuals are accepted).
In my defense, I will say that I have never been able to do this, but I don’t have time to carry the “beast” to the doctors (I suspect that they also don’t have time to mess with it).
Therefore, we kill two birds with one stone:
- We rip out the tick and promptly help our dog (the sore will disappear together with the “weapon” of the bloodsucker in a few days, and a small tumor will go away by itself)
- We do not waste our precious time on a useless trip to the orderlies
- We do not distract the attention of doctors, to all sorts of nonsense
Believe me, your dog’s life is really threatened (if not every minute, then. hourly) cars on the roads and dog haters throwing poisoned baits, and not the “notorious” ticks.
My training station in the city of Kirov, was located fourteen kilometers from the city, next to the adjoining taiga massif, in which I regularly walked with my dogs.
After each such walk, I removed up to 20 ticks from each dog. Some of them, discovered only when they, having drunk blood, were ready to jump off the dog and go home. And every time I did the above method.
So this time, having found two blue “plums” on the eyelid of my jagdterrier, I performed a standard operation to eliminate bloodsuckers. The eyelid was a little swollen, but after a couple of days, the sores dried up, and the swelling subsided. Then the sores also disappeared (along with the proboscis of the ticks).
Fleas are a much bigger problem for my dog. The fact is that in our neighborhood there are many compassionate old women who, out of mercy, feed homeless cats.
The result is natural. An abundance of food stimulates sexual activity in cats. They have multiplied so much that the grandmothers now feed them in turn, and the feeding process reminds me more of a feast of lions in the Kenyan savanna at the carcass of a wildebeest.
The increased density of the cat tribe naturally led to a massive outbreak of fleas.
Therefore, despite the fact that all medicines for blood-sucking insects are certainly harmful to the health of dogs, in this case, I have to resort to these remedies.
And since there are many ways to protect our animals from blood-sucking insects: sprays, liquids for application to the skin, collars, here are my recommendations:
- Start with the cheapest ones (practice has shown that they are no less effective than the most “branded” and expensive ones). I use insectoacaricidal drops for dogs, which are called “Bars” (one dose is calculated for 10 kg of dog weight)
- Watch your pet carefully and if it develops allergic reactions, accompanied by restless behavior and changes in the skin, after a while (when everything has passed), repeat the procedure with another remedy
- Do not be surprised that some dogs cannot tolerate such popular flea and tick protection as anti-flea collars (they range in price from 100 to 700 rubles, but I have never used them). Other dogs, on the other hand, do not tolerate fluids and sprays well.
A little courage and experimental practice will help you find the best blood-sucking insect remedy for your dog.
Here are the books I referenced in text and video.
- James Harriott “From the Memoirs of a Country Veterinarian” M., “Peace” 1993 (story by Muki Tricky-Wu, p. 83)
- Nassim Nicholas Taleb “Antifragility. How to capitalize on chaos “M.,” Hummingbird “, 2014
- DG Carlson, J. Giffin “Home Veterinary Guide for Dog Owners” M., “Tsentrpoligraf”, 1999
How to Protect Your Dog from Ticks. Best Remedies
Dogs very often suffer from tick attacks. They have a lot of wool and it is very easy for a tick to catch on. With the arrival of spring, the owners are trying to protect their pets. But not everyone knows that ticks are equally dangerous to humans. These bloodsuckers carry many deadly diseases, both for humans and animals. What is the most effective dog tick treatment? We will deal with this issue in the article.
Tick tablets for dogs
Pills have become popular not so long ago. They have a number of advantages: they are not toxic, they can be given to lactating and pregnant dogs, puppies. You do not need to constantly use them like other means. Convenience and safety for humans.
- Frontline. AB. afoxolaner. Non-toxic, the dog can be washed. Acts quickly. The dosage depends on the weight of the dog.
- Comfortis. AB. spinosad. Can be fed to puppies from 4 months.
Tick spray for dogs
Sprays are instantly activated, but they do not last so long. It is very difficult to spray, easy to get on the mucous membranes. Treat your dog only outdoors and do not let it groom. The dosage is rarely indicated on sprays, so choose those companies that have this indicator. Also, do not buy products where the active substance is not indicated. But nevertheless, sprays are best combined with other types of protection. Usually it is used by those who are rarely in nature. Or used as an additional measure of protection, for example, for paws that are constantly washed.
- Bolfo. Sprayed against coat growth. Not for use on dogs less than 6 months old. Spray should be sprayed at a distance of 30 cm.
- Leopard. Spray from a Russian manufacturer. One of the cheapest, but still effective. Not highly toxic.
- Frontline. Suitable for dogs of all ages and pregnant animals, but toxic to humans.
Tick vaccination for dogs
Vaccination is a more radical remedy. However, it still does not give 100% guarantees. The vaccine contains the virus, but weakened. Thus, antibodies begin to be produced in the dog’s body. There are two aspects of vaccines that negate the benefits.
The tick bites anyway. And the animal gets sick with paroplasmosis. It just tolerates it more easily and a longer incubation period. But the animal gets infected anyway! Another disadvantage is that the symptoms are weaker. There are no pronounced symptoms due to the weak course of the disease. And late conversion is fraught with consequences.
Tick collar for dogs
Collars work just like drops. The substance from the tape enters the skin and spreads throughout the body. But unlike the first ones, they do not penetrate so deeply and therefore the collar must be worn constantly. After putting it on, you need to wait a couple more days until the active substance is distributed throughout the body.
Collars last longer. The average term is 6 months. But as in the case of drops, it must be changed before the specified date by the manufacturer. The collar should be in contact with the skin, but do not tighten too tight. two fingers should go. For dogs with fluffy hair, it may be worth choosing another remedy, as the coat will interfere with contact.
Sometimes the collar can cause an allergic reaction. The dog needs to be taken to the veterinarian and consulted about the selection of other means of protection. Collars are of three types: chemical, biological and ultrasonic. The latter are very rarely used: they are expensive and ineffective. Chemical collars kill parasites, but are more toxic. Biological ones are not so dangerous, but only scare away ticks.
- Kiltix. The activation of the substance occurs after a day. It is valid for six months. Not suitable for puppies, pregnant and lactating dogs.
- Scalibor. suitable for pregnant dogs and puppies of seven months of age. Helps not only against ticks, but also against fleas.
- Hartz. Collar from German manufacturers. Suitable for puppies of all ages and has one of the lowest rates of allergic reaction.
Folk remedies for ticks for dogs
Previously, there were no vaccines, pills or collars. However, caring owners still managed to help their pets. Folk remedies do not contain chemicals and are safer, suitable for all dogs. But their age is short, literally 2-3 hours and must be applied again. They act as a repeller, so the tick can still bite the dog.
What scares away ticks? Wormwood decoction, vanilla tincture, tar water, garlic tincture, almond essential oil with geranium essential oil. The products are applied with a spray bottle or rubbed into the wool. In the case of garlic, apply the product only to areas that the dog cannot reach.
Types of funds
Humanity has been fighting parasites for a long time and stubbornly, and today there are a lot of remedies for ticks for dogs. There are pills, drops, collars, sprays. In the price category, the spread is also great. But I do not want to save, but to find the best remedy for ticks for dogs and to protect the pet and yourself. Dogs can carry a dozen ticks even after one walk. Painfully they like them.
You can protect a dog using modern methods or folk, but remember that no remedy gives 100% guarantees. Many people combine several different products. But there is danger here. Better consult your veterinarian.
Do not use products that are different, but based on the same substance. So an overdose may occur. Don’t use all the remedies at once. It is better to let some time pass between processing. Try to keep track of processing dates. Each remedy has its own validity period, but experienced dog owners know that you can safely subtract 5-7 days from a monthly period, because the action is already running out and the ticks begin to cling. Even one missed day can be decisive. Make it a habit to process on the same date or mark on your calendar.
Repellents and poisons act in completely different ways. Repellents scare off parasites, but do not kill them. On the contrary, poisons kill parasites, but do not scare away. And they do not do it instantly. The tick can catch on the dog and crawl over it, slowly contacting with the poison. But still he can have time to bite.
Therefore, after a walk, it is important to INSPECT the DOG and comb it. After every walk. Do not be lazy, at least with what you processed it, a simple inspection is the surest way. This way you will find the reptile quickly and be able to take prompt action.
What types of tick remedies for dogs are: drops, shampoos, collars, vaccinations, pills, sprays. They all work in different ways. Some lasts up to six months, while others last 12 hours. They also differ in toxicity; contact with mucous membranes and contacts with other animals in the first 24 hours should not be allowed.
Toxicity is generally a separate issue. Despite the fact that manufacturers claim that the product is absolutely safe, it is still chemistry. Do not take cheap analogs, only a proven and well-known product. Even if you overpay a certain percentage for the brand, large companies value their reputation and try to do everything efficiently. In this case, you save along with money on the health of your shaggy friend. But beware of fakes. Buy in trusted locations. Once you’ve found a dead or live tick on your dog, you can’t just throw it away. Be sure to drown in alcohol or burn. Otherwise, he’s still dangerous.
Protective drops on the withers
Favorite by many dog breeders for its simplicity, the drug protects the pet well from the risk of tick-borne attacks. You just need to push the fur well apart and pour the liquid from a pipette onto the skin with droplets. A day later, the dog receives full-fledged comprehensive protection from all superficial and many subcutaneous parasites, including even mosquitoes.
The assortment of protective insectoacaricidal drops for dogs is great. in terms of composition, price, duration of work, selectivity for parasites, and for manufacturers. They are produced by both world-famous companies and domestic brands. The choice is made by the owner of the dog, based on the condition and age of his pet and financial costs.
The following drops enjoy well-deserved trust among dog handlers and veterinarians, among others:
- Front Line (France);
- Bayer Advocate, Advantix (Germany);
- Fiprogard, Sentry (USA);
- “Celandine” Ecoprom (Russia);
- Dana (Russia);
- Stronghold (USA);
- Bars (Russia).
The principle of operation of the drops is based on the slow absorption of the drug with acaricidal and insecticidal properties into the skin and its uniform distribution in its thickness, namely, in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles.
Pesticides do not enter the bloodstream of the treated dog, therefore, systemic poisoning does not occur. The only thing that threatens individual dogs is an allergic reaction from the skin.
Safe and gentle eco-drops are also available, designed for small puppies, small breeds, old dogs, pregnant and puppy bitches.
Do not let other animals living in the house lick the areas where the drops were applied! It is better to isolate the treated pet in such cases for a day until the product is absorbed and the wool dries.
Like any product, drops have their own nuances when choosing, applying and frequency of treatments.
- When choosing drops for the first treatment, the weight of the pet and contraindications for age and circumstances should be taken into account. the owners of small puppies, old dogs, pregnant and puppy bitches, as well as families with small children should be especially careful.
- Special instructions are attached to the drops, which must also be taken into account. does the pet have chronic diseases and a tendency to allergic reactions. Sometimes some breeds are stipulated, especially small ones.
- No matter how high the reputation of the drops, you should carefully study the instructions and follow them step by step.
- Three days before treatment and three days later, do not bathe the dog, otherwise the effectiveness of the drops will decrease, and the dog will be at risk of tick bites.
- Any drip drugs have a shorter duration of action against ticks than against other parasites. This must be taken into account in order to do the reprocessing on time and not to risk the pet. Drops for tick insurance usually last no longer than a month.
- If the first treatment at the peak tick-borne activity time has shown effectiveness, then for repeated treatments it is advisable to choose the same remedy. it works on a specific dog and in a specific area, which means that ticks do not have resistance to these poisons in this biotope.
- If during the period of operation of the drops the dog had tick-borne bites, then it is better to change the drops to another agent, and the composition of the substances should be different. It turns out that such a composition against ticks in a particular case is ineffective.
Important! When buying drops for treating a dog from ticks, look also carefully at the expiration date! Stale and expired products will not provide strong protection, and your pet will still be at risk of tick bites!
A serious infection for dogs, which threatens humans, is caused by Borrelia spirochetes and is dangerous by the severity of its consequences, as well as the duration of the latent period. up to several months, which makes it difficult to associate with a tick bite.
Obvious painful symptoms are not observed in all dogs, only up to 20%.
- joint and muscle pain;
- difficult, constrained gait;
- joint swelling, noticeable lameness;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- signs of meningitis, seizures and convulsions.
After that, lesions of internal organs. heart, liver, kidneys. can join. But the joints are the first to suffer. Kidney damage is fatal in dogs.
Lyme borreliosis is treated in dogs only with specific drugs against spirochetes, in parallel, according to the available indications, therapy is carried out aimed at neutralizing the symptoms.
Hemobartonellosis of dogs
A disease that can be caused not only by a tick bite, but also by a flea. It is caused in dogs by the microbes Haemobartonella Canis, which invade red blood cells, which leads to the onset and progression of anemia. Mostly dogs are seriously ill with spleen disease or after surgery to remove it.
On average, the signs of hemobartonellosis are as follows:
- yellowish tinge on mucous membranes;
- loss of appetite and weight loss;
- general lethargy and weakness, loss of playfulness.
Hemobartonellosis is treated on an outpatient basis, if there are no severe lesions, the main thing is to diagnose the infection in the dog in time and start therapy.
Sprays against ticks
It is the anti-mite sprays that have earned the greatest confidence among hunters and their dogs, thanks to the full protective coverage of the dog’s body. After all, even hitting the face or neck, it is not a fact that the tick will penetrate exactly there.
Bloodsuckers can spend an hour looking for an optimal place for a bite with thin skin and maximum proximity to the blood vessels. In addition, often a less agile parasite may well catch on its hind legs or tail, where the enhanced action of drops and collars rarely spreads.
- According to the statistics of tick-borne bites on the stomach, groin, hind legs and tail area, about half of the facts of removing the bloodsucker from there are accounted for, the second half is the front zones, that is, the neck, head, chest, ears and front legs.
- Therefore, for dogs whose life takes place mainly in nature, it is so important to cover and cover the whole body with protection, which sprays do great.
- Using them is simple. just spray the product, lifting the coat, onto the skin, and then let it dry.
- The disadvantage of sprays can be conventionally called their considerable price, frequent frequency of treatments and toxicity, both for dogs and for the owner spraying the spray.
Important! Carefully read the instructions, especially the points on contraindications and special conditions for the use of this spray! They usually have the longest lists there.!
Anti-tick pills for dogs
The revolutionary innovation, only recently tested by Russian veterinarians and dog handlers, has already delighted those. A completely different composition and principle of action does not leave any chances for the ticks to survive.!
It is enough to give the dog a chewable, mouth-watering tablet to eat, and soon the dog becomes invulnerable to blood-sucking parasites.
The substance binds to plasma and circulates throughout the body for a long time, completely and comprehensively protecting dogs not only from superficial bloodsuckers, but even destroys the pathogens of demodicosis under the skin.
Pills are allowed even to pregnant and lactating bitches. They are prohibited only for newborn puppies, sick animals and some especially small breeds.
To date, only 2 types of anti-mite canine tablets have been created and are available.
- This is “Bravecto” made in Austria on the basis of a new substance fluralaner, 1 intake of which will protect the dog for exactly 12 weeks. Calculated by weight.
- And also “Frontline Nexgard” of French production, which gives protection for 1 month. They taste like beef stew to the dog. Suitable from 4 weeks of age and primarily indicated for dogs with allergies.
Tablets for ticks “Bravekto”, the duration of the drug is 12 weeks
Bathing products with the addition of acaricides, insecticides and repellents have little protection, especially after a few days.
- Such protective shampoos are suitable only for short-term insurance of a pet for a short time, therefore they are used by owners of decorative small breeds that do not need long-term protection from ticks due to their home lifestyle.
- Also, shampoos are suitable before a short trip or a walk in a dangerous area for ticks.
- You can also resort to bathing a dog already treated with drops in such a shampoo when the drops are about to expire.
Important! Considering that the chance to run into a tick lies in wait for a dog even on city streets, it is better not to risk it and not rely on only one shampoo and the protection that it can give.!
Piroplasmosis (babesiosis) of dogs
In the first place for dogs in danger is piroplasmosis, or babesiosis, caused by the protozoa Piroplasma canis, which annually from spring to autumn leads to their mass death. In the absence of medical assistance or if it is late, up to 90% of our pets are doomed. And with repeated infection, the dog may develop a chronic sluggish form. Only knowledge of the symptoms and an urgent appeal to the veterinary hospital will save the dog from torment and death.
Symptoms develop rapidly, so it is important to closely monitor your pet.
- Refusal to eat and treats.
- Lethargy and lack of activity.
- Vomiting, possible diarrhea.
- Stiffened, difficult gait.
- Pale or blue mucous membranes.
- The main symptom is a discolored urine, from normal to dark brown, due to the removal of dead red blood cells.
Important! When treatment is started on time, the dog recovers quickly and without any special consequences.
Collars impregnated with drugs with acaricidal, insecticidal and repellent properties are even easier to use. just unpack, put the tape on the dog’s neck, adjust to size, and the pet is insured against an attack by bloodsuckers.
Collars protect dogs from superficial parasites longer, but they cope worse with subcutaneous ones, although there are pleasant exceptions. However, as with drops, the duration of the effect is shorter for ticks than for fleas and other parasites. This should be taken into account, and this point should be clarified in the instructions so as not to miss the expiration of the time for replacing the collar with a new one.
Protective dog collars are flexible tape made of plastic composites of various colors, impregnated with substances that have a destructive effect against ticks, fleas, and lice. Slowly releasing, the substances, similar to drops, soak the hair and skin surface, especially in the area of special lesion for ticks. the head, neck, chest, ears, nape. After all, it is on these zones that ticks cling first of all.
- Minus collars. the back part, belly, tail area remain vulnerable. Allergic manifestations occur, especially in the area where the tape is worn.
- It is dangerous to use collars for those who have several pets. there is a high risk that the collar will be licked or bitten by them, which can cause poisoning. For families with small children, for the same reasons, it is not recommended to wear toxic tape on their pet.
Protecting Your Dog from Fleas and Ticks
Like drops, collars are produced by many well-known foreign and Russian brands, but it is better to base the choice on the advice of local dog handlers and veterinarians. which one works as much as possible in a given territory, and which one consistently shows a negative result.
The best protection is comprehensive
All insectoacaride products from good manufacturers are safe for dogs if the instructions are followed, but the bad news is that ticks are protected too! The treatment of dogs from fleas and ticks with the use of antiparasitic agents has been carried out for a long time, and the so-called acquired resistance to them began to be developed in insects. over, this resistance is cross, that is, if a tick is insensitive to one substance, then it does not care about any other from the same group.
This is why veterinarians recommend using two different forms of protection at the same time, such as spray and drops, drops and collar, collar and spray. In this case, the main rule should be observed: in order to avoid overdose, the active substances in these products must be different! All the necessary information and a detailed description of the composition is contained in the instructions for the drug, but if in doubt, seek advice from your veterinarian.
Flea and tick treatment for dogs: fight against parasites!
The long-awaited spring has come, bringing the dog owners not only the joy of contemplating the bright sun and the awakening of nature, but also serious concerns about the pet’s health. Indeed, immediately after the beginning of active melting of snow and an increase in the average daily temperature above 0 ° C, a very dangerous period begins: the eternal enemies of dog lovers. fleas and ticks. enter the active phase of life. Let’s get to know the enemy better and learn how to protect the dog from fleas and ticks most effectively.
How to remove ticks
If you find a sucked insect, do not try to pull it out with your hands. you will simply tear off its head, which, together with its jaws, will remain in the wound and can cause local inflammation. To remove the insect, you should use a special device. a hook with a slot at the end (teak twister), which is sold in any veterinary pharmacy. Having clasped it around the body of the tick, you need to carefully remove it with slow twisting movements.
Preventing and Removing TICKS in DOGS ️ 4 NATURAL REMEDIES
Many believe that it is not necessary to remove insects: they get drunk with blood and they themselves will fall off. This, of course, is true, but there is one significant nuance. If a tick is a carrier of babesias, then they are injected into the blood just at the moment of detachment of the tick: the insect at this moment seems to spit out excess blood back into the wound along with its saliva. This usually happens on the second day after sucking, and therefore if you immediately remove the tick, you can even avoid infection.
If you find a drunk and fallen tick on the floor, on the dog’s bedding, etc., then you can only hope for luck and carefully observe the dog: the first symptoms of piroplasmosis infection appear in the period from 2 to 20 days.
The sooner you notice changes in the animal’s behavior. lethargy, fever, dark urine. and see a doctor, the better the chances of salvation. Well, the best thing, of course, is to prevent a mortal danger. to treat the dog from fleas and ticks in advance.
Danger of fleas for the dog
Fleas are one of the most common blood-sucking parasites on Earth, there are more than 2,300 species of them. But dog owners should not worry about such a variety, because the methods of dealing with all species of these insects that have lost their wings during evolution are the same.
It is generally accepted that fleas are completely harmless and do not pose a threat to the health of the animal, but this is not at all the case. The insect bites through the dog’s skin and injects saliva into the wound, while rewarding the victim with thousands of bacteria. Among them are those that can cause dermatitis, an acute allergic reaction and dangerous infectious diseases.
Also, fleas are the carrier of helminth eggs, that is, worms. And, of course, is it worth talking about the fact that a dog affected by insects is experiencing serious suffering from the itching that accompanies the bites. She literally does not know a minute of peace, she constantly itches and bites her teeth into the skin, trying to get rid of annoying guests.
Fleas that parasitize dogs can be dangerous to humans. Although they will not live on it. it is not comfortable, there is no wool. but they bite with great pleasure and with all the ensuing consequences. Since flea eggs do not attach to the skin in any way, they can be found wherever your pet sat or lay. After some time, larvae will hatch from the eggs, which will then pupate, and the adult flea will leave the cocoon as soon as it senses that there is “food” nearby. that is, any warm-blooded creature.
It is quite easy to see insects on your dog: adults can be seen with the naked eye, if you hold your hand against the pet’s fur, eggs look like grains of salt, and waste products look like dark peppercorns.
It is impossible to select all fleas with your hands. the female lays 30-50 eggs per day. Therefore, in order to rid the dog of parasites, it is necessary to resort to special insecticidal acaricidal agents for dogs against fleas and ticks, best of all complex, which at the same time will protect your pets from worms. Which one, we will tell you a little later, after we introduce you to an even more dangerous enemy of dogs.
Protection against ticks, or scary “beauties
This enemy has a very beautiful name. Babesia (Babesiidae), and this is the simplest microorganism, a blood parasite that causes a deadly disease for dogs. piroplasmosis. Its essence is that babesia, getting into the blood of an animal, settle in erythrocytes, which they consider the best place for their nutrition and reproduction.
Danger. on the scale of a disaster, babesias multiply rapidly, erythrocyte cells die on a scale that cannot be compared even with a geometric progression, all organs and systems of the body are damaged, and the animal dies. Mortality from piroplasmosis in the absence of treatment is 98%.
The most paradoxical thing is that babesia are pure parasites and cannot live in the external environment. All their lives they wander from the organism of the carrier, where they wait in the wings, without causing any harm to it, into the blood of the host animal, where they perform their destructive work. Most often, ixodid ticks, which are widespread everywhere, act as a means of transport for babesia.
Any representative of the species can introduce deadly parasites into the dog’s blood throughout the entire tick-borne season, that is, from the moment of active snow melting (March. early April) to persistent frosts (late October. November).
It is during this time frame that your dog needs special attention. After each walk, you need to feel the animal, concentrating on the places loved by ticks. where the skin is thinner: the ears and the areas around them, groin, armpits.
There is salvation! Processing tools
Nowadays, reliable protection against fleas and ticks for dogs is not at all difficult. There are a large number of insecticidal acaricidal agents on sale that work equally well on those and other parasites, and differ in the method of application and composition.
One of the most convenient forms is the drop on the withers. The principle of their action is that the active substance enters the sebaceous glands and blood of the animal, making not only a bite, but also contact with its wool poisonous for the tick. It should be noted that the effect of the drug begins 1–2 days after treatment.
Sprays are also effective, but, in our opinion, less convenient to use. During spraying, there is a risk that the drug will get on the mucous membranes or, even worse, in the dog’s body if she starts to lick the fur. In addition, sprays are difficult to dose, but they take effect immediately after application and are indispensable when you need to quickly protect the animal.
Another convenient form is insectoacaricidal collars, they are as effective as other means, and at the same time provide protection from ticks and fleas for six months (sprays and drops will save one month from the carriers of piroplasmosis, and from fleas. three).
Strengthen your dog’s body
So, we see that it is quite possible to reliably protect your dog from fleas, ticks and diseases that they carry. But in the spring, you should pay attention to the general state of health of the animal, because the weakening of the body and a decrease in resistance. phenomena that are not uncommon after a long winter. hospitably open the gates to any infections.
Pay attention to the nutrition of your dog, it should not only be complete, but also support the animal’s immunity. It is very good if you supplement the pet’s diet with probiotics, which perfectly protect the body from external aggressive influences and increase its resistance to infections.
Now on sale there are also ready-made industrial feeds that contain live probiotics. If you take care not only of the timely use of insecticidal acaricides, but also of the daily healthy diet of your dog, spring and summer will bring you both only joy.