How to independently remove stitches from a cat after sterilization: preparation and detailed instructions
Sterilization of cats is a surgical operation that is performed in a veterinary clinic or at home under anesthesia. After surgery, surgical sutures are applied at the incision site. If the surgeon does not use self-absorbable surgical sutures, and you do not have the opportunity to come to the clinic, we will consider how to independently remove the stitches from a cat after sterilization and after how many days this can be done.
What you need to know about surgical stitches
As a rule, if the cat was sterilized by a qualified specialist, the animal was properly prepared for the operation, and you follow all the recommendations of the veterinarian, postoperative complications occur in rare cases.
The first three days are the most difficult period. The cat recovers from anesthesia, feels discomfort. Therefore, for the first two to three days, do not leave the animal unattended. How quickly the cat returns to normal life largely depends on the correct actions of the owner.
Sterilization involves the imposition of surgical sutures, which are used to connect the dissected tissue.
When sterilizing animals, two types of sutures are applied:
- Internal. They are located under the skin and are not visible on external examination. Special self-absorbable threads are used to connect internal dissected tissues (ligaments, muscles, subcutaneous tissue).
- Outdoor. Used for stitching the upper layer of the dermis. For these purposes, various types of surgical threads are used. As a rule, the external sutures are made intermittent, that is, the surgeon applies one suture at a certain distance.
Surgical material has a different structure, thickness, strength, degree of weaving (braided, monofilament), wick effect (the ability of the threads to absorb the contents of the wound).
There are self-absorbable (catguts, synthetic threads), conditionally absorbable from polyamide, nylon, silk, as well as non-absorbable threads (steel, titanium, polyesters, polyolefins).
Important! The veterinarian-surgeon is fully responsible for the condition of the internal seams. In the event of a medical error, the development of bleeding, prolapse of internal organs, hernia is possible. The condition of the external, external seams should be monitored by cat owners.
The likelihood of postoperative complications depends on the quality of the sutured postoperative wound, as well as on the proper care of the animal. It is very important that the cat does not lick or gnaw at the stitches, as this will lead to suppuration, infection. To avoid complications, wear a blanket or protective collar on your cat. Treat the stitches before removing them with antiseptic solutions prescribed by your veterinarian. If the seam is festering, immediately contact your veterinarian.
How to remove stitches at home
If you decide to remove the stitches of the operated cat yourself, the procedure is carried out in compliance with the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. Be sure to make sure that there is no suppuration, swelling, the wound is completely healed, the scar is dry, dense, without redness.
If any deviations are noticeable, the edges of the wound are very swollen, the skin is hyperemic, hot to the touch, there are crusts, bruises, bloody spots on the scar, consult your veterinarian. In this case, the suture material must not be removed at all.
How many days are stitches removed
Internal seams, which are applied after sterilization, are not removed. The self-absorption time depends on the type of surgical material used. For stitching the dissected tissue, a synthetic surgical material is used, for example, catgut.
As a rule, the biological strength of a simple catgut is 7-10 days or 16-21 days if the fabrics were sewn chrome-plated. Therefore, make sure that the cat does not climb hills, does not jump from a height, does not show excessive activity.
The time for complete resorption also depends on the type of surgical suture. If the surgeon used a simple catgut, it will completely dissolve after 50-70 days, and chrome-plated. after 90-110 days.
With regards to the external seams. If the surgeon has placed a self-absorbable suture on the wound, it has an antiseptic effect. Such seams do not need to be removed, they will dissolve on their own after a while.
The external sutures are removed after complete healing of the postoperative wound, the incision site. As a rule, suture material is removed on days 9-12, but no later than two weeks after the operation.
If time is missed, the stitches begin to grow into the skin, causing severe discomfort to the animal. A cat experiencing severe itching can self-injure and infect an infection, leading to suppuration.
If the cat is calm, completely trust you and tolerates normal medical manipulations, the suture material can be removed independently at home, observing safety rules. You need to act consistently and very carefully so as not to harm your furry pet.
Preparation, required materials
Correct preparation for the removal of surgical material is equally important. To carry out the procedure for removing suture material, you will need:
- sterile clean towel;
- disposable diapers, napkins;
- tweezers with sharp, thin tips for easy grip of the threads;
- sharp scissors;
- gauze-cotton swabs, discs;
- antiseptics for treating wounds.
The entire tool that is needed for this manipulation must be sharp. It is best to use special surgical tweezers that have teeth on the jaws, nail scissors with pointed ends.
Advice! Also note that the day before the removal of surgical sutures, lubricate them with a fatty ointment, cream. The threads will become more pliable and will glide better.
Perform the procedure for removing surgical material only in good light, preferably early in the morning or at lunchtime. Enlist the help of someone close or familiar, as you need to fix the cat well. The mustachioed pet may not like medication or be frightened by the sight of the tools, so it will constantly struggle to escape, trying to escape.
If the cat is hyperactive, very worried, shows aggression towards you, try to calm the animal and carry out the procedure when the pet is in a favorable mood. Therefore, before proceeding with the removal of stitches, analyze the emotional and psychological state of the pet.
Advice! In some cases, if you can no longer postpone the removal of suture material, you can use sedatives, sedatives. In case of unstable behavior and emotional state, it is best to take the cat to the clinic or call the veterinarian home.
Removal of stitches is carried out in the following sequence, step by step instructions:
- Disinfect all instruments with alcohol, other alcohol-based products. Boiling can be used, but before doing this, rinse the instrument well under running water and laundry soap. Wash your hands well with soap and an antiseptic. Sterile disposable gloves can be worn.
- Calm the cat, fix the paws well.
- The seam consists of two parts. a knot with protruding threads and an inner part, which is located under the skin. Gently pick up the knot or tendril of the thread, pull up slightly until a clean part of the suture appears.
- You need to cut off only one thread coming out of the skin with scissors. Be careful not to let the dirty outer edge of the suture pass through the wound when pulling it out to prevent infection.
- Pull out the thread carefully. Do similar manipulations with all the other seams. The main thing is not to cut two knots at once. Otherwise, the inner parts of the thread will remain under the skin, and an acute inflammatory process may develop.
- After removing all stitches, treat the cat’s scar with any antiseptic (chlorhexidine). Wipe the tummy with a damp sterile cloth, pat dry with a paper towel. You can apply ointment, gel, which activate regenerative processes, accelerating the recovery process.
Important! After removing the stitches, the scar area cannot be lubricated with alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, any other alcohol-containing solutions and lotions. These products will irritate your skin. Use only gentle antiseptics.
When removing stitches, talk to the cat in an affectionate tone, and after the procedure, be sure to encourage it with a treat.
If you are not confident in your abilities or something went wrong in the process, call the veterinarian at home or take the animal to the clinic.
If the surgeon used the so-called continuous cosmetic sutures, all manipulations to remove suture material should be carried out by a veterinarian at home or in a hospital.
After removing the stitches, monitor the condition and behavior of the cat for a week. If you did everything correctly, there will be no complications. If there are signs of unwellness, consult your veterinarian.
What to do if the cat has removed the stitches by itself
As already noted, the cat must be constantly monitored before removing the stitches. The healing of the postoperative wound and the resorption of the suture material provokes severe itching, discomfort, so the animal will try to lick or gnaw the sutures, which will inevitably lead to the penetration of pathogenic flora into the wound, tissue divergence. Acute inflammation will develop, suppuration in case of infection, other serious complications.
Do not leave your cat unattended for the first two days. Wear a blanket that will protect the operated area or a protective collar. It can be purchased at a clinic, veterinary pharmacy or made by yourself.
If you did not keep track, the cat itself removed the stitches until the healing of the postoperative wound and the formation of a scar, urgently call the veterinarian who performed the operation. Suppuration, inflammation may develop.
Do I need to remove the stitches at all?
It all depends on the characteristics of the suture used during the operation. Today, veterinarians around the world are trying to use varieties that dissolve on their own. But this is not always the case.
In addition, even the material that is “assimilated” by the animal’s body is not immediately absorbed. The stitches left on the skin of the animal are annoying and annoying. Therefore, the cat will constantly itch and gnaw its belly. All this may well lead to the development of an inflammatory reaction.
Many veterinarians unequivocally answer that the sutures must be removed regardless of the suture material used.
This will save you from many problems in the future. Note that this only applies to the outer seams. The sutures applied to the peritoneum are perfectly absorbed.
How to independently remove stitches from a cat after sterilization: step by step instructions
In recent years, cat lovers are increasingly resorting to neutering their pets, and this is very good, since the operation can significantly reduce the number of stray animals. But in order for everything to be fine with the cat after the procedure, you need to know at least the basic rules of caring for it. About how, for example, how to independently remove stitches from a cat: a veterinarian is far from always nearby, and almost anyone can cope with this operation.
How many days after the operation it is necessary to remove the stitches
It all depends on the specific case. The state of the postoperative wound plays a huge role.
By the time the suture material is removed, it must meet the following requirements:
- The cut line may be rough, the stitches of the seams are clearly visible, but the presence of bloody discharge, crusts of blood or exudate is unacceptable.
- You need to feel the seam. If everything is in order and the suture material can be removed, the local temperature will be normal.
- Swelling and redness of the postoperative wound is also unacceptable.
As a rule, the suture reaches this state by the tenth day after the operation, in some cases you have to wait for two or three weeks (this does not happen often).
How many days can the suture be removed after endoscopic surgery? The seam is rarely longer than five millimeters; there is no need to rush to remove it. Haste can lead to the fact that the abdominal cavity of the animal is open for bacterial contamination.
Safety rules when removing stitches
In order not to endanger the life and health of the cat, the owner who decides to remove the stitches on his own must strictly follow the following safety rules:
- It is not recommended to remove stitches unless previously examined by a veterinarian. Only an experienced specialist will be able to tell how well the postoperative wound healed, and how safe it will be to remove the suture material.
- It is forbidden to remove the seams if the seam line is “inflated”, inflamed, there are numerous foci of redness, and the local temperature in these places is significantly increased. These signs indicate a strong inflammatory response. In such cases, call your veterinarian immediately.
- In cases where bleeding is noted (even drip), or the release of exudate (regardless of the volume of the latter), it is also prohibited to remove the stitches.
Remember! Even if none of the above is observed, but the cat behaves strange and nervous, it is better to be examined by a veterinarian beforehand.
Is it possible to remove stitches at home?
Yes, it’s quite real. over, it is at home that the stitches are usually removed. As a rule, for the sake of this procedure, there is no need to take the cat to the clinic, since all the necessary manipulations can be performed independently without any problems.
over, if the pet has a choleric type of character (i.e., overly nervous), then once again disturbing her with a trip to the clinic is generally not worth it.
For everything to go well, you need to prepare the following things:
- Stable and reasonably stable table with a flat surface.
- Oilcloth and several diapers.
- Sharp nail scissors and tweezers.
- Alcohol tincture of iodine or brilliant green.
Most likely, everything you need can be found without problems in any home, no specific devices for removing stitches are required.
Safety precautions for the owner of the animal
During the procedure, the owner should worry not only about the safety of his pet. The health of the person performing the stitch removal procedure may also be at risk. This is due to the fact that cats are rarely delighted with the fact that someone “swarms” in their skin with forceps.
As a rule, removing stitches is not the most pleasant procedure, strong unpleasant sensations are possible. To minimize the likelihood that your pet will tear your hands to the bone, you need to take the following steps:
Call your veterinarian if possible. A specialist may recommend some kind of mild sedation. The animal under their influence will become calmer, and therefore it will be easier for the owner to cope with it.
Please note that the spay of the cat itself can be carried out using the same drugs. If you re-enter them a few days after the operation, the animal’s body will have a very difficult time (the so-called cumulative effect will play a role). Thus, in this case, it is necessary to select other sedatives. This will avoid unpleasant consequences.
However, you can cope without “chemistry”, but this will require an assistant. Just remember that you will have to hold the animal tightly enough.
Step-by-step instructions for removing stitches
Here are the step-by-step instructions that you must strictly adhere to when removing the suture material:
- Before starting work, you need to wait ten minutes so that the soapy water, which we have already mentioned above, has time to soften the suture material.
- After that, it is imperative to count how many stitches have been applied. If possible, you should also call the veterinarian who performed the sterilization and ask how many stitches he applied. This is necessary so as not to accidentally leave a couple of stitches. This, by the way, does not happen so rarely.
- You can start withdrawing. First, wipe the tweezers thoroughly with alcohol, and then gently grab the loop of the seam. It should be pulled up as far as possible.
- As soon as the seam is sufficiently stretched, you need to push the lower branch of the scissors under it and cut the thread.
- To remove the remainder of the latter, it is necessary to pull it out of the skin. This is done carefully and without unnecessary haste. If the thread is “stuck” to the skin, it is necessary, gently turning it around its axis, to pull the remainder of the seam towards you. Pulling too hard can injure your cat by ripping apart a thin layer of recently grown skin.
If the seam does not give in, and a piece of thread comes out of the skin with great difficulty, there is no need to rush and pull it out “through force”. You can rub the seam line again with warm soapy water and wait about an hour. After this period, the skin will soften, after which everything can be done without much effort.
How to remove stitches from a cat after sterilization
Rehabilitation rules after sterilization
After sterilization of the cat, during normal healing process, the sutures are removed for 10-14 days. Until this time, the pet needs careful care. The rules differ slightly depending on the options for the post-rehabilitation period. The veterinary clinic offers several such options:
- the owner takes the animal home immediately after sterilization and carries out the necessary manipulations there;
- the cat remains in the veterinary clinic for a day;
- the pet stays in the hospital for a period of about 10 days for full recovery after surgery.
Of course, the owner is more comfortable, and the animal is safer when the postoperative period is under the supervision of a veterinarian in the clinic. If you decide to pick up the cat right away, you will need a spacious carrier with a hard floor. Better is the one with the upper part open so that the pet can be placed neatly and not pushed inside. You need to put it on its side so that in case of vomiting, the animal does not swell. Cover with something warm. However, do not rush to leave the clinic right away! It is better to stay at least half an hour to be able to receive veterinary care in an unforeseen emergency (for example, if bleeding opens).
At home, it is necessary to provide the animal with complete rest in a secluded safe place. After anesthesia, the body temperature usually drops, the cat may freeze. In this case, it must be covered. Be sure to put water nearby. Until the cat has recovered from the anesthesia, it should be turned from side to side. And just as often, close the eyelids to prevent the cornea from drying out, because during anesthesia, cats have their eyelids open (this is their feature). You can also bury your eyes with a special solution. The next important point is the condition of the seam. A little blood is normal, as is a copious discharge of ichor. In other cases, it is better to consult a veterinarian.
When the cat begins to move away from anesthesia, you should take care of its safety. close the balconies, vents, windows, because behavior may be inappropriate. How the pet will behave depends on the character traits. some can bite, behave aggressively, while others hardly move, most of the time they sleep. During this period, you should carefully monitor the animal, do not allow him to harm himself. The popon must not be removed in any case to prevent licking of the seam! The cat will be able to move normally after a while (from 4 to 12 hours). It is imperative to drink on the first day after the operation, feeding can be postponed, especially if, after trying to eat, the pet has vomiting.
In the first three days after surgery, the cat is given antibiotics and pain relievers. After stopping pain relievers, behavior may change due to suture pain. If it is too strong, the animal may lie still, moan, behave aggressively, and the pupils may be dilated. In this case, the help of a veterinarian is urgently needed.
Throughout the postoperative period, you need to monitor the blanket. how it is tied, clean or not. It is important to adjust the diet, monitor the drinking regime. You can gently pick up the kitty in your arms, carefully monitoring so that there is no pressure on the abdomen. You can take her out for walks, but only if the animal does not experience stress from a possible meeting with other animals. Or walk somewhere nearby in a very calm place. Definitely, you shouldn’t let your pet warm up the incision site on a battery or heater, lift it up sharply by its front paws, and play active games.
If you adhere to all the necessary rules of the postoperative period, as well as the recommendations of the veterinarian, the cat’s rehabilitation will be successful.
How to remove stitches after sterilization (cat)
Sterilization involves removing the stitches after surgery on the cat, unless it is laparoscopy. Sutures are usually done using two methods, internal and external. The cut tissues inside are connected internally (muscles, subcutaneous fat, etc.), and the vessels are also ligated. It is performed with special self-absorbable sutures that do not require removal. An experienced veterinarian pays the greatest attention to the quality of the internal seams, since the condition of the animal after the operation directly depends on this. External sutures are usually performed with surgical sutures, in which case it will be necessary to remove the sutures after a certain time. In addition to removing stitches immediately after surgery, the cat will also need rehabilitation.
Features of processing, removal of seams
When the scar heals, the wound itches a lot. Therefore, the cat tries to relieve itself of discomfort with its claws, teeth. Sometimes it can even lead to the need for a second operation. Therefore, the seam is protected with a special blanket. It should not be removed, even if the owner thinks that the cat is uncomfortable, that it cannot move. You just need to make sure that the blanket is worn correctly.
It is important to ensure that the seam is clean, dry, any deviation (inflammation, suppuration, etc.) requires immediate medical attention. Usually, the seams are treated every day with special disinfecting solutions. The main thing is that they do not contain alcohol. it can cause skin burns. Another option is when the incision site is treated with a special spray immediately after the operation, then the veterinarian usually informs that additional treatment is no longer required. In this case, it remains only to monitor the condition of the pet and the healing process.
It so happens that the seam diverges after sterilization. The reasons may vary. One of them. an infection got into the wound, despite all the precautions. Or, due to inaccurate handling of the animal, excessive pressure was exerted on the operated area (such a problem may also arise due to a too tight bandage, an incorrectly worn blanket). Another possible reason is the general condition of the body. weakened immunity, lack of vitamins, or some kind of latent disease that was not detected before the operation (for example, kidney disease, cough, malignant neoplasms, etc.). If the seam has come apart, it is necessary to treat it with antiseptic drugs and immediately go to the veterinary clinic! Self-medication in this case is not worth it, it is detrimental to your pet.!
Removal of stitches after sterilization of a cat with a normal healing process is carried out on the 10-14th day. If this process is delayed, they begin to grow into the skin, which leads to additional unpleasant procedures. It is best for this manipulation to be performed by a veterinarian in the clinic. Or he can also be called at home. But you can do it yourself, if, for example, your animal calmly accepts medical help from you. If the pet is behaving aggressively, it is better to remove the stitches in the veterinary hospital, since it is easier to fix it there, and if necessary, introduce sedatives.
If you decide to remove the stitches yourself, you need to make sure that the wound is completely healed. The scar should be dry, without redness, without bloody spots, crusts, the edges of the wound should not be visible, and care should be taken to ensure that there is no swelling. In the event that at least something in the appearance of the wound worries you, it is better to show the animal to the veterinarian. Only a specialist can determine exactly how things are going with healing. If everything is in order, the following items should be prepared:
- paper towel (or a clean damp cloth), dressings;
- good tweezers (so that it is convenient to grip the threads), sharp scissors, better manicure ones, with very thin edges;
- take care of good lighting;
- means for treating wounds after the procedure;
- a piece of something tasty to smooth out the stress of your pet from the postponed withdrawal process.
The first step before the procedure is to disinfect all instruments. Then soak the scar with saline (chlorhexidine can be used) so that the threads become soft. Another tip. the day before the removal procedure, smear the seam several times with oily ointment. this will make the threads smoother and easier to slide.
Now you need to fix the cat. It is better to call someone else for help so that her paws can be held. Manipulations should be carried out discreetly, the animal may be frightened even by the sight of tools in your hands. The seam consists of 2 parts. external and internal. Outside, it is a knot with protruding ends of the thread. The inner part is under the skin and is not visible to you. To remove a seam, you need to pick up either a tendril or a knot and gently pull up so that the clean part of the thread from the seam appears. Then cut off one (and only one!) Thread that comes out of the skin. Cut so that the dirty outer edge of the thread does not pass through the wound when pulled. Otherwise, an infection can be brought there. So, you cut, now you should carefully and gently pull out the thread. That’s it, one stitch was removed. We do this with everyone in turn. After removing the latter, treat the scar and give the cat a tasty treat.
The procedure for removing stitches is not so difficult, but it is responsible. If something suddenly went wrong, you are not sure of something, leave everything and immediately contact your veterinarian! There is no point in risking the health of your pet, especially since the procedure for removing stitches in the clinic is more than affordable at a cost. It is also possible to call a veterinarian at home, which is convenient for the owner and less stressful for the cat.
The first 2 days after surgery are the hardest for your cat, you can make life easier for your cat. Signs that the cat is in pain are: increased aggression or apathy, the cat refuses food, looks at one point, once again tries not to move, dilated pupils. Analgesics relieve pain, often cats are given Ketoprofen, Tolfedin, Ainil, Previkox, Ketofen, Loxicom and other drugs. Analgin and no-shpa are used less often, and paracetamol is completely dangerous to the health of the animal. The dosage is prescribed by the attending physician, it will also not be superfluous to read the instructions.
If you cannot give an injection, you can drink part of the dose by mouth, the therapy lasts 2-4 days. An hour after you injected the pain reliever, you can start processing the stitches. Of course, there are animals with a high pain threshold, which practically do not feel discomfort, but this is rare, so the use of analgesics is mandatory.!
Hospital: to be or not to be?
To avoid unnecessary problems, some owners leave the animal in the hospital. of course, it will cost more, but the cat will be under the supervision of specialists, there is no need to take the pet home (especially in the cold season), the question of self-care is removed, and the responsibility for compliance all the rules. This technique also has drawbacks: firstly, you must be sure of the reputation of the veterinarian and, in fact, the clinic, and secondly, for a cat, a change of environment, and even after the operation, is constant stress. Thirdly, the animal may be offended, regarding this as inattention on your part.
Suture treatment in a cat after sterilization. Blanket and collar
The collar is necessary for animals that do not disdain and bite the owner. Keep the protective agent clean, clean it from food debris, the blanket must always be clean and dry. It is recommended to wear protective equipment for 7-10 days, depending on the quality of the seam fusion.
After spaying, a cat may have a fever. this is the body’s natural reaction to tissue damage. If the temperature is up to 39.5 degrees, it is too early to worry. You need to consult a doctor if it lasts more than 5 days or rises above the specified rate, but for now, give prescribed medications and analgesics.
The postoperative suture needs special care: a small amount of blood or ichor can seep through it. If your cat is bleeding a lot after spaying, call your veterinarian. After the operation, the suture may be red, swollen, with minor bruises. this is the result of a surgical injury. You can evaluate the quality of the seam on the 5th day after sterilization: it must be dry, if the edges are wet, you need to treat them with an antibacterial ointment. Is the seam perfect? this does not really matter, the skin will heal after the sutures are removed.
From the second day, the seam should be wiped with an aqueous solution of miramistin or chlorhexidine, and cleaned of adhered wool. You can lubricate the seam and the skin near it with Levomekol ointment, and treat all the folds. it is there that harmful microorganisms often accumulate. It is most convenient if the cat is put on its hind legs: one person holds it, the other quickly rolls up the blanket and processes the seam. The cat can lie, as it is convenient for her, it is not at all necessary to put it on its back later. It takes 7-10 days to process the seam.
A cat after sterilization: how to care and what to feed?
Sterilization of cats is the surgical removal of the gonads (pulling the tubes or removing the uterus), as a result of which the function of producing hormones is extinguished and sexual activity stops. Sterilization is carried out in two cases: for medical reasons or at the request of the owner (so that the cat does not bring offspring). The duration of the operation lasts 0.5-1.5 hours, but the postoperative care of the cat is also important.
Sterilization can be carried out both in the clinic and at home.
Caring for a cat after spaying at home
The animal can be given to you, even if the anesthesia has not yet gone away. Often he is dressed in a postoperative blanket, and if a four-legged friend shows aggression, then it is better to put on a protective collar. this will make it easier for you to process the seams, and the cat will not lick them. Ask your veterinarian if pain relievers have been given, and if not, when should you get an injection? Professional clinics provide clients with brochures with recommendations for pet care. After the end of the operation, it is advisable to stay in the clinic for another 20-30 minutes to make sure that there is no bleeding from the seam.
It is better not to take the cat on public transport, but to use the car or call a taxi. the pet is already stressed. Place the cat in the carrier: if it is cold outside and it takes a long time to get there, you can put a heating pad in the carrier. The animal should be on its side so that in case of vomiting, it does not choke on vomit.
After returning, put the cat on a soft bedding not high from the ground, turn it over from one side to the other every 30-40 minutes. The bed should be away from drafts or a heater. Room temperature is enough: if the pet is shivering, you can cover it or put a heating pad next to it. Check for bleeding from the suture (slight bleeding is acceptable, as well as discharge of watery ichor).
After 1-3 hours, the cat will begin to come to its senses, coordination may be impaired, so make sure that it does not get stuck somewhere or does not fall from a height. It is best to leave the cat in a spacious carrier or closed room during acclimatization. When coming out of anesthesia, some cats may show anxiety, try to get rid of a collar or blanket. in no case should you remove protective devices. If the animal licks the seams, the inflammatory process will begin, which means that 2-3 weeks of additional wearing of the accessory and a course of antibiotics are guaranteed. So that the cat does not experience difficulties with feeding, the bowl is placed on a stand (4-5 centimeters), it should be smaller in diameter than the collar itself. Often, within 4-12 hours after waking up, the dexterity of movements returns to the cat.
Removing stitches after cat spaying
Antibiotic therapy is not required if the operation was performed sterile. an injection during the operation is sufficient, the rest is at the discretion of the veterinarian. Vitamin complexes and immunomodulators like “Gamavit” are administered to sick and weakened animals. If the cat has impaired blood clotting, hemostatic drugs are required, in other cases it is not necessary.
How to feed a cat after sterilization?
Appetite should return within 2 days after surgery. If the animal is starving for about 5 days, you need to see a doctor. Reconsider the diet: it should contain a minimum of phosphorus and magnesium (they are often found in fish). You can give your pet lean meat. turkey, chicken, beef, offal, dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir, low-fat yogurt), vegetables (carrots, cabbage), cereals (oatmeal, wheat, semolina). If it is feed, it must be premium and labeled “for neutered animals”. You do not need to feed your pet with diet food or food for cats suffering from urolithiasis, if there are no signs of the disease.
After sterilization, the cat may recover a little: you should not worry, but you will have to monitor the further weight. sterilized animals are prone to obesity.
After the operation, the cat may develop reflex constipation: if the cat does not go to the toilet for about 3 days, you need to give her a laxative. The easiest way is to use petroleum jelly (pour it into your pet’s mouth) at the rate of 5 ml per 5 kg of weight. Give every 8 hours until desired effect is achieved. The veterinarian may prescribe other medications, in case of unforeseen situations, be sure to consult with him!
The most difficult thing during the discussed procedure is to fix the animal. Cats categorically refuse to lie on their backs for a long time. But it is necessary for painless and quick removal of thread residues. To prevent the pet from scratching the owner and his partner, his paws can be wrapped in a thick cloth and carefully held without causing discomfort to the cat.
It may seem to the owner that the animal growls and hisses in pain while holding it. It must be remembered that cats have a much lower pain threshold than humans. Therefore, if the wounds have already healed enough and the pet owner does not try to remove the threads too early, then this behavior will only be explained by the cat’s dissatisfaction with the restriction of its freedom.
You need to carefully examine the seams and make sure that the wounds under them are dry. The skin must be completely dry. In a healed wound, its boundaries will not be distinguishable either. There should be no crusts of dried blood on the skin. Only under such conditions, the owner can be sure that after removing the suture material, nothing will disperse and the animal will not need a second operation.
The outer threads, which are used to sew up the wounds, consist of two parts. The inner part of the “structure” is not visible, as it goes under the skin. The outer one is a knot with two miniature antennae.
Features of seams after sterilization
Surgical sterilization of cats necessarily ends with the imposition of postoperative sutures. They are internal and external. The first ones are not visible from the side, as they are located under the skin. This version of the sutures is necessary to connect the dissected tissues and ligate the vessels affected during the operation. If the procedure is not performed correctly, it may result in the prolapse of internal organs or bleeding. The veterinarian is responsible for the quality of the sutures.
Removing the inner sutures is not required as most modern animal clinics use self-absorbable sutures. It is necessary to make sure that it is he who will be involved during the operation in advance.
Absorption of even the highest quality threads does not always occur. It happens that during repeated surgical interventions, specialists find old suture material in the animal’s body. Such residues do not cause any discomfort to the cat. As for the external seams, they must be removed after the time set by the doctor.
How many days to remove stitches?
Often, the external sutures after sterilization are formed using absorbable suture material. But veterinarians do not recommend waiting for them to disappear on their own. It is necessary to help the animal and remove the remains of the thread shortly after the procedure. If during the operation there were no complications and it was carried out according to the standard scheme, then you can start removing the stitches already on the 11th. 12th day after the surgery.
Wound healing and suture resorption is always accompanied by itching. The cat tries to get rid of the threads on its own with its teeth and claws. It is important not to allow “initiative” in this process. Otherwise, the sutures may separate so much that a second operation will be required.
It is impossible to get rid of suture material too quickly, so you need to take care of protecting the problem area of the skin. To do this, you can purchase a special blanket that is worn on the operated area. Sometimes collars are used to prevent the cat from bending over and licking the seam.
First you need to organize high-quality light, which will allow you to see the problem area and threads well. It is best to take a bright lamp and point it directly at the cat’s belly.
The cutting tool used must be fairly sharp. If there are no surgical scissors at hand, then ordinary manicure scissors will do. Tweezers with fine sharp tips will facilitate the process. It is easier for them to remove the leftover thread. The best option is the surgical version of the tweezers with teeth on the jaws. It grips the suture very firmly.
All used tools are first thoroughly washed with warm water and laundry soap, then boiled and only then treated with a suitable disinfectant. The duration of boiling products over medium heat should be at least an hour.
Wash your hands well. Special thin sterile gloves should be worn. The suture site must be gently wiped with a cotton swab dipped in chlorhexidine or another similar preparation.
Prepare a clean, damp cloth and as many paper towels as possible. The pet’s favorite treat will also be useful, which will become a reward for the discomfort it has endured.
Removing stitches from a cat after sterilization at home: detailed instructions
Removing the stitches from a cat after sterilization on your own at home is permissible only in rare cases. For example, if for a long time it will not be possible to visit a veterinarian. If there is an animal clinic nearby, the best solution would be to entrust this difficult task to a professional.
It is important to use only perfectly clean instruments and take care of the sterility of your hands. Otherwise, the animal could become seriously infected.
Removing the stitches from a cat after sterilization on your own at home is permissible only in rare cases. For example, if for a long time it will not be possible to visit a veterinarian. If there is an animal clinic nearby, the best solution would be to entrust this difficult task to a professional.
It is important to use only perfectly clean instruments and take care of the sterility of your hands. Otherwise, the animal could become seriously infected.
Basic safety rules
To rid the animal of the stitches, but not harm it, you need to follow a few basic rules:
- If the cat is characterized by increased aggressiveness or activity, then it is worth using a sedative, otherwise in the process of removing the suture material, you can seriously harm the animal. In most cases, it is recommended to take such individuals to a veterinary clinic and not try to remove the threads yourself. But calm cats will feel much more comfortable in the process of removing stitches at home, because visiting a specialist will be a serious stress for them.
- It is important to take care of sterility. All tools used will need to be boiled in advance, carefully treated with antiseptic solutions. Thin sterile gloves must be used.
- It is advisable that the decision on the admissibility of removing the stitches is made by the veterinarian after examining the animal. As noted above, the standard period after which it is allowed to remove threads is 11-12 days. But this figure can vary depending on the individual characteristics of the cat’s body.
- Do not use rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to treat the problem area. Such agents can greatly irritate postoperative scars and cause pain to the animal. Veterinarians note that it is not necessary to treat damaged skin with brilliant green or iodine at home, when it is time to remove the stitches. Disinfectants are used only for instruments and any accessories used in the process. Chlorhexidine is a more gentle option.
It is quite difficult to cope with the procedure on your own, especially if you need an active and shy animal to get rid of the suture material. It is worth asking for help from a second person.
In what cases it is forbidden to remove seams on your own?
There are some known conditions under which it is strictly forbidden to remove suture material from the skin of a cat after sterilization on their own. It is impossible to remove threads from the problem area without preliminary examination if it is hot, inflamed, swollen or painful. If the owner of the cat notices such signs, then you need to take the pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a high probability of occurrence of dangerous consequences for the animal.
It is also forbidden to remove suture material on your own if traces of bleeding are noticed. It is normal for a few drops of blood to appear when the threads are removed. But if fluid is oozing out of the scars before the procedure, then the cat needs more time to recover. A large amount of blood on the wound is a serious reason to visit a veterinarian in the near future.
If continuous cosmetic stitches were used to close the wounds of the cat after sterilization, you should not remove them yourself. In this case, only a specialist from a veterinary clinic can remove the threads correctly.
Removal of suture material
The seams must be counted. If at least one of them turns out to be forgotten and not removed, this can lead to dangerous consequences. The thread remaining in the skin for a long time can fester. If the owner is not sure if he has memorized the exact number of stitches, then he needs to consult a veterinarian. The specialist who performs the operation always indicates the exact number of stitches in the documents.
You need to start with the knots. Each of them must be firmly grasped with tweezers. But you need to pull the thread up as gently as possible. As a result, a part of the seam that was hidden under the skin will appear on the surface. Two threads go deep from the knot, forming a loop. Cutting one of them is the most crucial part of the procedure. The threads are very thin and close to the skin, so it can easily get damaged. The loop should be cut with sharp scissors, trying not to touch the skin with the ends of the tools.
All that remains is to pull one of the strings up to remove the stitches from the cat after sterilization. This should be done quickly but carefully. As a result, all suture material, including an inner and outer knot, two tendrils of threads, will remain in the owner’s hand. It happens that in the process the strings are not pulled out immediately. If the cat actively expresses its displeasure and begins to twitch violently, then you need to leave this seam for a while. The main thing is not to forget to return to it.
It is very important not to overdo it and not cut two strings at once. After such actions, a tiny part of them may remain under the skin. This can lead to severe suppuration.
It remains to wipe the treated area with a damp cloth and pat dry with dry paper towels. You can again wipe problem areas with a gentle antiseptic.
If, nevertheless, some part of the thread remains in the skin, then there is no need to try to get deeper into the scar with sharp objects. Most likely, absorbable materials were used in the wound suturing process. Therefore, it will be enough to monitor the condition of the treated area for 4–5 days after the removal of the threads. If traces of blood or signs of inflammation do not appear on it, then the owner has no reason to worry.
Removing stitches from a cat after sterilization
Castration (sterilization) of a domestic cat is a simple operation. In duration, it takes 10-20 minutes, however, it requires certain postoperative care for the animal. Very little time passes after surgical procedures, and the moment comes when it is necessary to remove the suture material. If possible, it is better to entrust this procedure to a professional veterinarian.
But there are reasons why some owners of a fluffy pet cannot go to the doctor. In this case, you can remove the threads yourself, having previously studied the detailed instructions for carrying out such manipulations. This article will tell you about when to remove stitches after spaying a cat, and whether it is possible to carry out such a procedure at home.
How long after sterilization the stitches are removed from the cat?
An external scar during sterilization is often also formed with absorbable suture material. But the time for resorption of the threads is delayed, and veterinarians do not recommend leaving them for a long time. It is better to remove the remaining suture material after a few days after surgery.
The pet owner should know that the process of wound healing and the moment of removing the stitches after sterilization is accompanied by severe itching. It causes a lot of inconvenience to the cat, so she tries to remove the stitches on her own using her teeth, claws and tongue. Naturally, the consequences of such self-activity can be the most unfavorable. On special forums, the owners of fluffy pets say that sometimes a cat, after sterilization, licks the seam with its tongue so much that it has to undergo a second surgical operation.
Since you cannot quickly remove stitches from a sterilized cat, you should think about how to protect the sewn up area. For this purpose, there are special blankets and collars, which veterinarians recommend to put on the problem area so that the cat does not comb after sterilization, does not bother the seam. When the wound is almost healed (this usually happens after 2 weeks), the suture material is removed. The owner can remove the stitches of the cat on their own, without the help of a veterinarian.
How long do internal sutures take to dissolve??
Modern veterinary clinics use special suture material to create internal scars, which is able to dissolve on its own. That is, in theory, removing the threads located under the skin is not required. But in practice, their resorption does not always occur. If the cat undergoes a second operation after a few years, specialists sometimes find encapsulated old suture material. It does not cause any trouble and inconvenience to the animal, therefore, it does not need to be removed.
What a cat owner should know about postoperative stitches
Surgical sterilization of cats involves the mandatory imposition of postoperative suture materials. The pet owner should be aware that in the clinic, the veterinarian performing the surgery may have two types of stitches.
The first ones are located under the skin and are not noticeable during external examination of the animal. With their help, the connection of dissected tissues (muscles, parts of the gastrointestinal tract, subcutaneous tissue), ligation of damaged vessels after sterilization is carried out. The veterinarian doctor is responsible for the quality of the suture placement inside. If this work is done incorrectly, then the animal may develop complications in the form of bleeding or prolapse of internal organs (hernias).
Thus, the likelihood of postoperative complications directly depends on the quality of wound suturing after sterilization of the animal.
Removing stitches from a sterilized cat at home
So, in order to remove the stitches at home after sterilization, the pet owner needs to adhere to the following recommendations.
- Only external suture material that is visible to the naked eye should be removed.
- You cannot crawl under the skin to remove internal sutures. Such work can only be performed by a specialist in a veterinary clinic.
- The main difficulty in removing suture material is fixing the sterilized cat. The essence of fluffy beauties is such that they all categorically do not accept lying on their backs. If the owner touches the painful area, the cat begins to growl or hiss. But do not trust the cat’s emotions, because by the time the threads are removed, the painful sensations have already completely disappeared.
- It is worth remembering that pets have a slightly lower pain threshold compared to a human. And if the removal of stitches from a cat after sterilization is accompanied by an angry growl and attempts to escape, then this is more likely due to the fact that the pet is wayward and freedom-loving.
- Before removing the stitches from the cat after sterilization, the owner needs to make sure that the wound underneath is completely healed. In the area where the surgical threads are located, the skin should be dry, without bloody crusts. The edges of the wound should also not be visible. That is, the owner of the cat must make sure that after removing the remnants of the suture material, nothing disperses.
- If crusts of caked blood are visible on the scars, then it is not recommended to remove them yourself. It should be said about the problem to the veterinarian. If everything is fine, the specialist will be able to immediately remove the suture material.
- Before removing, the healed parts of the wound with threads must be carefully examined. They consist of 2 parts. The one that is located outside looks like a nodule and two antennae. The inside is not visible as it is hidden under the skin.
- If the owner decided to remove the stitches from the cat after sterilization, without resorting to the help of a veterinarian, then he should think about good lighting. Only in this case it will be possible to see the area where the stitches are imposed.
- You also need to prepare a sharp cutting tool. It is good if these are surgical scissors, but if there are none, manicure scissors can also be used. You will also need tweezers, with which it is much easier to remove threads.
- All working tools are pre-disinfected with warm water and soap, and then they are boiled for several minutes.
- Suture sites require disinfectant treatment.
- You should grasp 2 antennae with your hands (or a knot, there is no fundamental difference), and gently, without overdoing it, pull them up.
- Two strings run from the knot under the skin. One of them is cut with scissors without damaging the delicate skin of the cat. Next, you need to remove the seams by pulling the thread up. Suture material (knot, two tendrils and inner knot) will remain in the hands.
- As described above, the remaining suture material is removed. The main condition is not to accidentally cut 2 threads at once, because in this case part of them will remain under the skin, and can cause suppuration.
- Places of removed stitches remaining after sterilization are treated with an antiseptic again.
- If, after sterilization, cosmetic stitches are used to suture the wound in a cat, which are continuous, then they are removed by a specialist in a veterinary clinic.
After sterilization, you need to carefully remove the threads from the scars in a cat, after assessing the psychological state of the animal. In fact, this work is not difficult. If your pet is too nervous, and is even capable of attacking, biting or severely scratching the owner, then it may be better to visit a veterinarian.
In the clinic, the specialist who performed the sterilization will be able to use sedatives before removing the suture material.
In case of an unstable mental state of a cat after sterilization, the help of a specialist in a veterinary clinic is the best option. Due to the fact that now some institutions for the treatment of animals work around the clock, you can remove the stitches from a cat after sterilization at any time of the day.
Suture in cats after sterilization
As mentioned earlier, where the suture will be located after sterilization of the cat depends on the method and type of surgical intervention to remove the reproductive organs in females.
An important point is the correct processing and care of the seam after sterilization. Until the veterinarian allows you to remove the stitches, it is necessary to carry out daily treatment with special antiseptic agents that do not contain alcohol (to avoid burns of the skin).
The suture heals after sterilization in a cat, depending on the dissection and the method of surgery performed. In the overwhelming majority, the stitches are removed in 7-10 days. Sutures not removed in time begin to grow into the skin on the 12th day.
The seam after sterilization of the cat should look neat, without severe swelling and strong discoloration of the skin. Sutures are applied during sterilization in two main ways:
The first type of seam looks like several threads tied into knots at regular intervals. The continuous suture has a beginning and runs through the entire wound, fixing at the other end.
In veterinary practice, a staple suture is increasingly used. Since when exudate occurs under the skin in the area of suture application, several threads can be removed without loosening the rest of the wound edges, which cannot be done with a continuous suture.
When sterilization is carried out by the technique through a lateral incision, the seam will not be large (no more than 1 cm) and will be located on the side, and not in the middle of the abdomen. The seam on the side does not require the obligatory wearing of a postoperative bandage and its care is much easier.
Particular attention should be paid to absorbable sutures, as they are gaining great popularity among veterinarians.
This is due to the fact that when applying a cosmetic suture after sterilizing a cat, careful postoperative care of the sutures is not required.
The risk of postoperative complications is minimized. In addition, self-absorbable sutures in a cat after sterilization are much more convenient for both the owner and the pet itself. There is no need to urgently go to the veterinary clinic, exposing the cat to another stress, to remove the postoperative stitches.
The main advantages of the inner suture compared to the cutaneous suture are:
- rapid healing of the wound surface, which is associated with the preservation of the trophism of tissue structures;
- the seam does not squeeze the outer layers of the skin, so the damage is minimal;
- lack of postoperative blankets;
- lack of a procedure for removing stitches;
- processing the seam after sterilization of the cat does not require special attention and special skills;
- preventing the possibility of seam divergence as a result of licking by a pet;
- no trace on the skin 2.5 months after the manipulation to remove the reproductive organs in a cat.
It is worth remembering that cosmetic internal sutures are not always possible for a number of medical reasons. That is why external seams are more often used, requiring further proper care of them.
The veterinarian who performed the manipulation should tell the veterinarian who performed the manipulation how and what to treat the stitches after sterilization. After all, only the surgeon who performed the operation will be able to accurately indicate possible flaws and complications during the recovery period.
Before proceeding with the treatment of the seam, you must give your pet an anesthetic and wait at least 60 minutes. After anesthesia, it is necessary to clean the wound surface from villi, dried blood or ichor with a cotton pad moistened with chlorhexidine solution. It is important to remember that the processing of the seam itself should be carried out no earlier than 2 days after sterilization. After cleaning, an antibiotic ointment is applied to the wound, lubricating all the folds (this is necessary to prevent the entry and further multiplication of pathogenic bacterial microflora into the wound).
If an animal is operated on by the lateral incision method, then wound care is even easier. The side seam is treated with special means. Aluminum spray or Chemi spray. Treatment is carried out once a day or once every 2-3 days until the wound is completely healed.
Possible complications in a cat after surgery sterilization in the suture area
Complications in cats after neutering with properly organized post-operative care are rare. But in some cases, complications occur most often in the seam area. If a cat has a suture split after sterilization, then there may be several reasons:
- the cat licked the seam after sterilization;
- incorrect sutures;
- violation of suture care during the rehabilitation period.
A convex suture in a cat after sterilization is a reason to immediately contact a veterinarian. Consolidation or swelling of the seam may be evidence of postoperative edema, being a variant of the norm, the proliferation of granulation tissue structures, passing independently, or the occurrence of pathological processes. The reasons for a swollen seam in a cat after sterilization may be:
- increased pressure on the suture area (tight bandage, careless handling of the animal);
- excessively tight seam stitches, violations of section closure methods;
- weakening of the body’s defenses with a lack of essential vitamins and minerals;
- the presence in the body of latent ailments not diagnosed in a timely manner, leading to a weakening of muscle fibers and tissue structures;
- drug treatment with corticosteroid drugs.
It happens that the suture does not heal in a cat after sterilization as a result of obesity, diabetes mellitus, eating disorders, malignant neoplasms, diseases of the renal structures and coughing.
It is especially important to note that if, after sterilization, the cat’s suture bleeds, it is necessary to urgently contact the veterinarian for help. This is due to the discovery of bleeding in the abdominal cavity, resulting from insufficient coagulation of large vessels supplying the uterus and ovaries. In some cases, adhesions and blood clots form that must be surgically removed.
If the rules of asepsis and care of the wound surface are violated, the seam may become inflamed. If the suture festers after sterilization in a cat, the cause, as a rule, is the penetration of dust, dirt and foreign pathogenic microflora into the open wound.
Neutering: surgery and removing stitches
In such cases, a thorough treatment of the seam is prescribed with the use of special antiseptic solutions and the use of antibacterial ointments. When the processes are running, when the seam has festered for a long time, and urgent measures have not been taken, the animal needs another surgical intervention in order to remove the affected areas of the skin under general anesthesia.
Suture after spaying a cat
The suture during sterilization of cats can be quite large during surgical intervention along the white line of the abdomen, small (no more than 1 cm) during sterilization by the lateral incision method and practically invisible when sterilized by laparoscopy. What should be the seam after sterilization of the cat will be explained by the veterinarian who performed the surgery.
Depending on the chosen method of the operation, the size of the suture will differ. As a rule, sutures are applied when dissecting the muscle layers and skin during sterilization along the white line of the abdomen.
This technique is widely used to remove the uterus and ovaries (ovariohysterectomy). When removing only the ovaries, use more gentle techniques that do not require a large number of sutures, or are absent altogether (with laparoscopy).
The internal sutures are applied to the muscle layers using a self-absorbable suture material, and the external sutures are sutured with surgical sutures, which must be removed later.
Depending on which suture after sterilization in a cat, the rate of tissue regeneration will depend. It is important to note that during the entire postoperative period, the suture must remain clean and as dry as possible.
If any pathological changes are found. suppuration, inflammatory processes or bloody discharge, you must contact a veterinary clinic in order to avoid serious complications.
Removing stitches for a cat after sterilization
If the healing process is normal, you need to remove the stitches after sterilization of the cat 7-10 days after the manipulation. This applies to the surgical intervention carried out by the method of tissue dissection along the white line of the abdomen.
If sterilization was carried out through a lateral incision, then cosmetic stitches are applied, which do not need to be removed. Usually, after spaying a cat, the suture heals in 10 days.
Complete tissue repair depends on the type of surgery and the method of suturing. The healing process is always accompanied by itching in the pet, so you need to take care of a special protective blanket, which will help prevent licking or infection of the wound surface.
After the lapse of time, the owner of the animal, with normal healing of the postoperative suture, can independently remove the sutures.
It is important to remember that only the suture material that is visible on the surface of the skin is subject to removal. It is strictly forbidden to crawl into the wound and remove the internal seams of a cat after sterilization. It is better, of course, to go to a veterinary clinic, since there they will be able to fix the animal normally, assess the state of healing of the suture and remove the suture material.