home Aquarium How to repair an aquarium at home

How to repair an aquarium at home

Is it permissible to use tap water for an aquarium at home?

Most aquarists use tap water to fill their tanks. But this does not always bring a positive result, because it all depends on the quality of tap water in a particular region, and on the goals pursued by the lover of the underwater world.

It is important for every fish, every plant to create optimal conditions to enjoy a beautiful underwater garden and healthy inhabitants.

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Tap water contains a large amount of dissolved oxygen and, in some situations, its use makes it possible in a short time to facilitate breathing in fish suffering from asphyxiation.
  • Tap water is relatively clean when compared to spring water, melt water, etc. Therefore, it rarely causes poisoning of aquatic organisms.
  • Chlorination of the water can be considered a plus as it ensures that the aquarist does not introduce any parasites into the aquarium with regular changes.
  • Plumbing is not suitable for all fish.
  • Tap water has unstable parameters that can change from season to season. It can be stressful for your fish.
  • In most regions of the Russian Federation, the water is quite hard and has an alkaline reaction, which does not have the best effect on the development of aquarium plants.
  • Without proper water treatment, tap water can cause chlorine poisoning in fish.
  • The tap water settings may simply not be suitable for the aquarium, the water may be too hard or too soft, therefore it must be checked for suitability before use.

How to check if the tap water is suitable for fish?

First of all, you need to find out what kind of water will be optimal for use in a particular aquarium. Cichlids need hard water, other fish need softer water, and to successfully grow a luxurious underwater garden, like many fish, they need exceptionally soft water.

To test the water for suitability, you need to use an aquarium test. The most important parameter that plays a decisive role is carbonate hardness (KH).

If the KN of water is suitable, then you can check other parameters:

  • Nitrate level.
  • Phosphates.
  • Overall stiffness.

But these are no longer the determining factors, since they can be corrected, and they do not affect the inhabitants in the same way as carbonate hardness does.

Is it possible or not?

The answer to this question can be given only after the tests. After all, without knowing the parameters, it is difficult to judge whether water is suitable or not.

But for unpretentious fish and simple plants, the use of tap water is almost always acceptable, the only caveat is the presence of chloride compounds in the water supply, but it is easy to get rid of them.

How To Fix a Cracked Aquarium Tank

There are many aquarists who manage to achieve not only successful keeping fish in tap water, but also their reproduction.

Therefore, for most undemanding fish species, the use of tap water becomes the best option.

Substitution or complete replacement?

Every responsible aquarist changes a third of the aquarium volume for fresh water once a week in their aquariums. Substitution with tap water is quite acceptable if it was prepared before.

Which is the best to use?

Despite the fact that tap water is always at hand, costs a penny and is easy to use, it happens that it is simply not suitable for a particular type of aquarium.

If the aquarist wants to be able to use water for any aquarium, which will be optimal for any fish, then he should take a closer look at the installation of an osmotic system.

About which water is better to choose for the aquarium, additional information in

How to fill correctly?

Once a week, it is necessary to drain about 30% of the volume of the aquarium, and pour fresh water.

It is not recommended to do this more often, as it can strike a blow to the biological system of the underwater world.

Also, you should not make too massive changes (more than 40%) without urgent need. You can pour water directly from the bottle or container in which it was settled.

When replacing, you can also siphon the bottom, this will remove more organic elements.

Making an aquarium with your own hands: when it is profitable?

The decision to glue an aquarium at home has many reasons. For example, a fish holder lives in a remote area from the city, and transportation of a fragile glass container is difficult. Some owners make structures for sale, while earning money. But the main reason why most aquarists decide to make an aquarium with their own hands is the joy of the work done and the desire to save money.

Glass selection

The successful gluing of an aquarium depends on two things: the correct choice of glass and glue, and the carefulness and deliberation of the owner. Correctly selected glass for the assembly of the structure guarantees already ½ of successful production. The material from which the aquarium is glued must meet the requirements: provide a standing view and withstand the onslaught of liquid. If the glass materials are chosen incorrectly, it will lead to structural breakdown and the death of the inhabitants of the tank.

To choose glasses for manufacturing, you should familiarize yourself with the selection rules:

  • For the construction of a reservoir at home, silicate glass is used, not organic glass. The latter type is considered synthetic, so there is a risk that it will release chemical hazardous elements into the water that will negatively affect the well-being of the fish. In addition, organic glass is inferior to silicate glass in external characteristics: it scratches and quickly becomes cloudy.
  • Having learned that only silicate glass is suitable for the structure, you should study the specifics of this type in more detail. Silicate glass is divided into two types: window and display glass. The first option for the construction of artificial reservoirs is categorically not suitable, since the window type distorts the view and is too fragile. Therefore, they choose a display case for construction: shiny, durable and smooth. The cost will be more expensive, but in this matter it is better not to be greedy, because the life of the fish and the reputation of the manufacturer depend on the right choice, if the aquarium is put up for sale.
  • The variety plays a significant role in the choice of glass. The glasses have eight: from M1 and ending with M8. To make a glass aquarium with your own hands, you need the highest quality. grade M1. If this option is not possible, you can purchase M2, in the most extreme cases. M3. It is unacceptable to use low varieties, since they will not withstand the weight of the water, and will simply burst, burying flora, fish and decorations underneath.
  • When purchasing silicate glass of the highest grade, it is important not to lose vigilance and carefully examine the material. In the presence of the slightest chips, scratches and cracks, glass cannot be purchased! Even a tiny defect will lead to negative consequences: breakage and destruction.
  • Do not use used glass structures for construction. Like any other material, glass surfaces have a lifespan and are subject to natural wear and tear, so the use of used materials will lead to negative results.

In addition to these rules, attention should be paid to the thickness of the glass. If the owner chooses the width, length and height independently, then the thickness of the glass is determined according to a special table, where h is the height and l is the length.

If a large aquarium is being built, then stiffeners will be required. These are additional components that help the structure to withstand fluid pressure, preventing wall deflection. Stiffeners are installed at right angles, which allows you to increase the strength of the container and install a glass cover for the aquarium.

Separately, it should be noted such a nuance as cutting glass. If the aquarist does not have experience in this matter, it is better to entrust the work to professionals, since inept actions will entail sad results.

How to make an aquarium with your own hands at home

Adhesive selection

How to glue a glass aquarium is an important question, since the strength and durability of the structure depends on the correct choice of the adhesive mixture. There are many types of glue that can be used to connect the edges of the glass. But to make the aquarium durable and reliable, the adhesive must meet the following requirements:

repair, aquarium, home
  • Security.
  • Strength and elasticity.
  • Aesthetic appearance.
  • Rapid grasping.
  • The convenience of use.
  • Durability.
  • High degree of adhesion.

These requirements are met by a silicone sealant, thanks to which a durable and reliable reservoir can be made. Before gluing the aquarium with your own hands with silicone sealant, it is important to pay attention to the composition of the glue. The composition should not contain impurities, and the substance itself should not be antibacterial, otherwise the fish may suffer.

The silicone sealant is available in three colors:

  • White. When using this shade, it is important to note that the design may appear incomplete.
  • Unpainted. used to create small tanks with a capacity of up to 100 liters.
  • Black. used for gluing bulky structures, looks elegant and noble.

The following brands of sealants are considered the most popular and reliable:

  • Dow Corning 911.
  • Tytan.
  • Soudal Silirub AQ.

Materials for work

To make an aquarium with your own hands, you first need to stock up on the necessary materials and tools for work. For the construction you will need:

  • Silicone glue gun.
  • Grindstone.
  • Sharp blade or thin knife.
  • Paper towels, sponges, and a clean cloth.
  • Degreaser.
  • Ruler or tape measure.
  • Glass cutter.
  • Masking tape.

In addition to these items, you will need newspapers on which the structure will dry, and glass clamps, which will firmly fix the walls of the container until it dries. Having prepared the necessary parts, it remains to choose the right glass and glue to create a homemade product.

How to glue an aquarium

Artificial reservoirs for keeping fish come in different sizes and shapes, but for the first time, you should give preference to a rectangular aquarium, the manufacture of which is simple and convenient. There are two ways to glue an aquarium at home:

  • The walls are glued to the bottom of the tank.
  • Glasses are glued around the bottom.

Both methods do not differ from each other in the level of reliability and service life. Having chosen the first method, and having prepared the necessary materials, you can begin to glue the parts.

  • The first step is to grind the edges of the glasses so as not to get hurt during assembly. To do this, the glass faces are transferred into a bath, the bottom of which is covered with a soft and clean cloth, the container is filled with water and a glass is placed. After moistening a sharpening stone, they carefully process the edges. At the same time, the cut must remain intact, otherwise the silicone sealant will not be able to grasp tenaciously.
  • After finishing the processing of the edges, the glass is carefully removed and wiped dry with a clean towel. After that, the edges are treated with a disinfectant.
  • As the preparation is completed, they begin to responsible actions. gluing surfaces. The bottom of the future tank is carefully laid on the newspaper, then a sealant is applied to the end of the front wall with a pistol, and the glass is gently applied to the bottom of the container, gently and lightly pressing. If at the same time excess glue appears, then you do not need to remove the sealant. a double seam is used for strength.
  • The side walls are glued in the same way, except that their vertical ribs are lubricated with sealant. The resulting structure is left to dry for a day, but sometimes it takes more time for the glue to set well.
  • After the sealant has dried, clamps are installed to glue the aquarium if an impressive container is being built. A day later, after all the parts are securely glued, the excess glue mixture is eliminated with a sharp knife or blade.
  • The assembled aquarium is checked for reliability and leaks. For this, the container is filled with water, and the joints are carefully examined. If there is still a leak, you can try to fix it by pressing a little glue into the weak spot. After that, you can start launching an artificial reservoir and populating fish and mollusks.

During the assembly of the fish tank, safety precautions should be taken by performing the assembly and manufacturing steps in protective gloves.

Cover for aquarium

The aquarium cover is an element without which the construction cannot be completed. The cover provides protection for energetic molluscs and mobile fish, which, jumping to the surface, fall down and die. The simplest and most economical option for a homemade lid is a thin plastic sheet that is installed on stiffeners.

If the owner wishes, you can build a protective covering made of silicate glass or durable plastic by installing lighting. For convenience, a handle is fixed to the lid to conveniently open / close the reservoir. To avoid damage to the upper edge of the glass, a soft sealant layer is constructed. In addition, it is important to first measure the parameters of the aquarium so that the lid fits in size and looks harmonious.

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Making an aquarium at home for the first time may seem daunting, but with patience and detailed instructions, assembling the tank is easy. The main thing is to select high-quality materials so that the structure becomes a reliable refuge for colorful fish, exotic molluscs and underwater flora. Once you’ve got your hand in the manufacture of artificial reservoirs, you can turn this hobby into a profitable business by taking up the production of aquariums at home.

Major breakdowns and their elimination

It is not at all difficult to repair an aquarium with your own hands at home. Recovery begins with emptying the tank, which will be discussed in more detail below. Repair can only mean fixing a crack or a full replacement of glass. In the first case, a high-quality sealant is required, and in the second, a solvent used for degreasing, as well as the glass sheets themselves, cut in the required way. You can cut the canvas using a glass cutter or a similar improvised tool. You can also contact a specialized company with this question.

Before fixing the leak, you will also have to clean the joints. The remnants of the old sealant are removed with a blade, knife or other sharp tool. The choice of the latter is determined depending on the dimensions of the gap. For example, for a gap of 1 to 3 millimeters, a regular razor blade will suffice. You cannot skip this stage, since the new sealant adheres rather poorly to the old one.

The cleaned glass must be degreased using ordinary acetone or medical alcohol. Next, a new silicone composition is applied using a thin brush.

Approximately 24 hours later, the seams should be re-evaluated using plain white paper. If there is still a leak, then the procedure must be repeated. Next, you need to wait from 24 to 36 hours until all toxic substances from the container evaporate. After that, you can fill the aquarium with water that is suitable for underwater inhabitants, return the soil, plants and the fish themselves.

In more serious cases, it is necessary to fully replace the glass covered with cracks. Removal of a cracked part is only possible after cleaning and drying the entire reservoir. In the case of a frame structure, before removing the grooves, it will be necessary to eliminate the silicone or sealant used. The dismantling itself is carried out using a small knife or nail file.

The glue tank will need to be removed using a torch or similar tool. After removing the damaged glass, it is necessary to remove all remnants of the adhesive from the edges of the aquarium. Scrapers, brushes or special solvents will help to cope with this task.

New glass should already be prepared by this time. All joints and ribs are treated with silicone sealant or other suitable non-toxic substance.

Having placed the canvas in the desired place in the aquarium, it will have to be fixed with ropes or ribbons. Further, all joints are reworked with a sealant. This procedure will need to be repeated more than three times. The updated aquarium will dry up to one and a half days.

Its check is carried out as follows: plain water is poured into the container for 2-3 hours, after which it is checked using corrugated cardboard. Further, the tank is freed from the test liquid and filled with already settled water, suitable for the inhabitants of the aquarium.

In the event that the bottom is cracked, you can simply stick a new glass sheet over the damaged one. The crack itself is filled with silicone sealant before gluing. In addition, along the entire perimeter of the tank at the level of the new bottom, it will be necessary to form a glass strip, the width of which varies from 4 to 5 centimeters. It not only protects against leaks, but also strengthens the entire structure. In order for the glass strip to look organic, it can be decorated with a suitable material.

A full replacement of the bottom if it is damaged is not recommended, since this process is long and difficult. But you can put a regular patch on the crack. If the bottom seam leaks, then it will have to be glued again.

First of all, there is a complete cleaning of the old silicone, then the sizing of the new one, after which the tank is settled for a week. The next week is devoted to “soaking”. twice a day, all the water in the tank is drained and refilled. If no problems are found, then you can return the fish to their rightful habitat.

Carrying out aquarium repair

Any aquarium owner may sooner or later face a tank breakage or leak. Having figured out in advance how to fix the situation, it will be possible to quickly eliminate the problem at no extra cost.

How to identify the problem?

Most of the trouble with an aquarium comes from leaking joints. This problem is easy to spot, but rather difficult to fix. There are several main reasons for a leak.

  • This is often due to poor degreasing of the vessel by the manufacturer. The result of this is an insufficient tightness of the fit of the individual parts that form the joints and, accordingly, the impossibility of achieving the required level of tightness with the help of a silicone substance. Sometimes the fault is non-compliance with the technology in production, for example, insufficient glass thickness.
  • Glass cracks quite often. Such a problem is considered more complex, since it is incredibly difficult to locate the leak and eliminate it. The cause of the breakdown may be mechanical damage, frequent blows against the aquarium, or placing the tank next to a heating device or simply in an unfortunate place. Sometimes chipping occurs when scrubbing too vigorously. It will be possible to establish the place of an invisible leak using a regular sheet of paper, or better. corrugated cardboard. This material absorbs moisture and, when wet, changes its shade to a darker one.

By simply applying the leaf to different walls for 3-5 minutes, it will be possible to determine where moisture comes out of the aquarium.

  • Most often, a leak occurs at the side joints between the glasses. The next most popular place is the joint between the vertical walls and the bottom. Quite rarely, but still there is a leak in the corner where three glasses converge. the bottom and two side.

HOW TO: Reseal a leaking aquarium. TUTORIAL

In some cases, a leak between the two side windows does not even require a complete drain of the liquid. It is enough to reduce the water level so that its surface is 3-5 centimeters below the leak.

How to glue the aquarium?

When making a purchase, you need to check for the presence on the packaging of the inscription “for aquarium” or a silhouette of a fish. Experts recommend paying attention to the Penosil, Soudal or Titan brands, which do not harm underwater inhabitants, but are also not afraid of constant exposure to water.

Specialist recommendations

No less important than the repair of the aquarium itself is the preparatory stage, at which the owner decides the issue of the temporary relocation of underwater inhabitants. It is important that such microflora is provided for the fish, which coincides as much as possible with that which was in the aquarium. This will minimize their stress levels and then return them to the aquarium without any loss. The container for temporary habitation should be selected approximately the same volume as the aquarium itself. In principle, if relocation requires a couple of fish, then it will be possible to do with an ordinary bank.

It is important to fill the selected tank with soil along with the existing plants taken from the bottom of the broken aquarium. Without them, it will be impossible to generate oxygen, which is necessary to maintain the vital functions of fish. There is no need to transfer all the soil mixture and all the plants. enough is enough to evenly cover the bottom of the temporary “house”.

At the next stage, the aquarium is cleaned of soil, plants and liquid. The walls and bottom are necessarily washed and left to dry naturally. The existing backlight must be switched off and also dismantled.

Experts also recommend that after returning the fish to the aquarium for a couple of days, strengthen the compressor. In the future, in order to avoid a similar situation, cleaning should be carried out using a metal scraper that does not violate the sealing of the vessel. In addition, at the stage of repair work, in order not to stain the glass of the tank, the space near the seams will need to be closed with a special tape.

In some cases, a damaged aquarium, unfortunately, cannot be restored, so you have to select a new tank. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, it is better to choose a structure made of silicate type glass, characterized by increased strength, or an acrylic container.

Since some aquariums get cracked due to improper placement, it is important to find the right cabinet for it. It must be stable, not afraid of moisture, and also have the required dimensions. Better to give preference to metal models.

In addition, experts believe that in some situations it is not necessary to start repairs on your own. it is better to immediately seek professional help. It depends on the scale of the problem and on the dimensions of the reservoir itself, as well as on the size of the leak.

There is no point in repairing cheap and small containers at all. it is easier and even cheaper to buy a new container. Complex procedures that require parsing and assembling the structure are categorically not recommended to be carried out at home, since this process is quite troublesome and requires filigree work.

For information on how to properly repair the aquarium, see below.

Where to put the fish?

Immediately, you need to evacuate ornamental fish and other living creatures. If there is a spare dwelling for aquatic inhabitants (even of a smaller capacity), then the problem is solved quite simply: water from a faulty aquarium is poured into a spare one, the plants move to a separate container (a jar, for example), the soil is removed.

You can start fixing the breakdown. If there is a thermal bag for transporting fish, then it is also suitable as a temporary home for fish. As a last resort, you can use a regular three-liter glass jar.

When the glass is completely cracked, it is better to replace it with a new one. That is, it requires gluing the aquarium.

How to fix a leak?

Perhaps, water leakage is the most common breakdown. One fine day, the owner of the fish notices water on the pedestal, then it begins to drain to the floor, and the wet spot becomes more and more every day.

Leaks can occur for various reasons. When the aquarium is many years old, the sealant used to bond the glass wall joints (or glass and frame joints) loses its properties. It starts to crumble little by little.

It so happens that the owner of the fish breaks the tightness in some place, removing the overgrown algae from the glass with a metal scraper. Be that as it may, the leak has appeared, and it can be eliminated with your own hands.

First of all, it is necessary to determine the specific place where the sealing is broken. If the leak is in the upper or middle part of the aquarium, then you need to lower the water level and dry this place with a cotton cloth.

To prevent the deterioration of the living conditions of ornamental fish, lower the tubes of the external filter to the water level or, if an internal filter is used, put it on its side.

From the leaked corner, the old sealant is cut off with a blade. The place of leakage should be degreased with acetone, white spirit or alcohol from the outside (you should not work with toxic liquids from the inside), dry and apply a layer of special sealant.

After that, within 24 hours you need to wait until the silicone is completely cured, carefully clean the seam and only then raise the water level to normal.

If the aquarium is dripping from above, then only the leak can be smeared. If the sealing of the lower parts is broken, then it is recommended to process the aquarium completely.

As a preventive measure, owners of large aquariums are advised to completely coat the tanks every five years.

Aquarium gluing

As a rule, gluing is done when the glass is cracked. If the crack is small and located in the upper part of the container, then proceed in the same way as when eliminating a regular leak: the crack is sealed with silicone.

The most difficult case is when the glass surface is cracked vertically, horizontally or diagonally. You need to act immediately, as the aquarium water can squeeze out the broken glass at any time.

Aquarium glue

In industrial production, special silicone glue is used to make a frameless aquarium. Exactly the same must be purchased if a breakdown or violation of sealing is eliminated independently at home.

Silicone glue is a jelly-like mass that hardens when exposed to moisture in the air. In about 30 minutes, the process of mass polymerization takes place at the gluing site.

A day after working with such glue, the frozen mass is almost impossible to break, its strength becomes almost the same as the strength of the glass surface itself. This is achieved by the fact that the silicone glue contains silicon, which is also an element of glass.

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For example, sealants of the Soudal, Penosil, Titan or VIK Aquarium Silicone brands are safe for fish, perfectly withstand contact with the aquatic environment, and create strong seams. Such glue can be used for both elimination of leaks and full gluing. The same sealants are used to seal the cracks in the top cover.

Home aquarium repair

If the aquarium breaks down, some ornamental fish owners advise you to just throw it away and buy another one. If the aquarium is small (30-40 liters, for example), then this makes sense. And if the house for the fish is big? Already 100-liter aquariums are not cheap, even used ones. Therefore, it will be useful to find out how some breakdowns can be eliminated at home on your own.

You need to understand that DIY repair is not an easy task. Before starting this work, it is necessary to solve several serious questions:

  • where and how to move the fish, whether it is necessary to evacuate them at all;
  • what materials to use for repairs and where to buy them;
  • how to properly eliminate a defect or breakdown and when, after repair, the fish house can be used again for its intended purpose.

Stages of work

The first step is to remove the glass. After the fish dwelling is cleaned and dried, the broken glass is carefully removed. In a frame aquarium, this is not easy: you need to carefully remove as much old silicone as possible from the grooves of the frame. In this case, you can use a nail file as an improvised tool. If the aquarium is glued, then from the inside and outside the cutter makes cuts at the joints.

The second step is to remove the old glue. When the wall is removed, all the old sealant is removed, the cleaned surfaces are degreased.

The third step is to create a blank. A new glass is cut according to the template. Then the edges of the new glass and the joint surfaces of the structure should be smeared with silicone sealant.

The fourth step is installation. The new glass wall is installed in its place and fixed by wrapping it with a rope or tape both horizontally across the entire container and vertically. Before this, a small sponge is gently smeared with silicone along all the seams. It is better to slightly moisten the sponge to avoid adhesion of glue.

The fifth step is to consolidate the result. An hour after the first gluing, it is necessary to coat the seams with silicone a second time. Thus, the guaranteed reliability of the installation of the new wall is achieved.

The sixth step is the integrity test. It is necessary to take 1 day to completely dry the glue, and after that the aquarium is filled with water for 1-2 hours. During this time, it is necessary to carefully check the quality of work. There should be no leaks. At the same time, all foreign substances are washed out of the container.

The seventh step is to launch the aquarium. Then the test volume of water is drained, and soil is laid into the glued aquarium, water for fish and plants is poured, the inhabitants of the artificial reservoir return.

In principle, any aquarium can be disassembled and then reassembled. Some professional aquarists do this to replace old sealant.

You need to understand that repairing a house for fish requires a lot of time, effort and patience, as well as having a spare home for decorative aquatic animals.

A video tutorial showing how to properly glue aquarium glass:

Let’s look at the situation in order:

  • First, try to pinpoint where the water is dripping and oozing from. This often happens at the side joints between the glasses. Much less often. at the junction of the bottom and the vertical wall of the aquarium. Quite rarely, it starts to leak in the corner at the junction of the rhinestone of three glasses. the bottom and two side surfaces.
  • If it turns out that the leak is located at the junction of the side windows, then often it is not necessary to drain all the water to repair the aquarium. It is necessary to drain the water below the flow level by 3. 5 cm. In this case, the water leakage should stop. If, nevertheless, water continues to drip, you should look for the place of its leak below the seam.
  • If water leaks at the junction of the bottom and the side wall, then of course you will have to drain the entire aquarium and remove the soil and plants.
  • When the water leakage point is finally found, you need to thoroughly wash the glass of the aquarium, both outside and inside, using a sponge. And then let the glass and silicone surfaces dry. To speed up the process, remove moisture with a napkin.
  • When the glasses are dry, using a cotton swab dipped in acetone, degrease the place of future gluing.
  • We glue masking tape from the inside along the seam on both sides.
  • Extruding silicone along the leaking seam.
  • Smear the silicone with a finger soaked in soapy water.
  • We are waiting for drying and remove the masking tape by running along its inner edge with a sharp knife blade.

Where to put the fish?

Immediately, you need to evacuate ornamental fish and other living creatures. If there is a spare dwelling for aquatic inhabitants (even of a smaller capacity), then the problem is solved quite simply: water from a faulty aquarium is poured into a spare one, the plants move to a separate container (a jar, for example), the soil is removed.

You can start fixing the breakdown. If there is a thermal bag for transporting fish, then it is also suitable as a temporary home for fish. As a last resort, you can use a regular three-liter glass jar.

Any aquarium can be repaired. tried and tested, and over and over again! The complexity and option of repairing the aquarium is determined by the nature of the destruction.

The first way. The easiest way is to glue a new bottom over the cracked one. And in place of cracks during gluing, apply a continuous strip of aquarium sealant to prevent leakage. Along the perimeter of the aquarium, flush with the new bottom, it is necessary to glue a strip of glass 4-5 cm wide (glass thickness 4-5 mm). this serves as a reinforcement and gives an additional guarantee against leakage. Subsequently, the strip can be decorated by sticking a self-adhesive film or decorative tape on it, and it will not attract attention at all or look like something alien, rather, as if it was intended.

DIY aquarium repair at home

If you are seriously interested in aquaristics, then sooner or later your tanks may need to repair the aquarium. As a rule, damage to the glass joints occurs due to the fact that they were not sufficiently degreased during gluing. over, this is observed in both industrial and homemade aquariums. When an aquarium starts to leak, many, especially novice aquarists, become desperate. It seems that it literally threatens disaster. I have come across people who have abandoned aquaristics altogether because of fear of a flood in the apartment and in the universe as a whole. But if you understand this problem and the properties of the materials from which your aquarium is made, it turns out that the problem is not worth such anxiety. Modern aquarium silicone can withstand loads of up to three tons. Glass also has a huge margin of safety. It’s not that bad.

It remains to figure out what to do if the aquarium is leaking along one of the seams.

How to fix a leak?

Perhaps, water leakage is the most common breakdown. One fine day, the owner of the fish notices water on the pedestal, then it begins to drain to the floor, and the wet spot becomes more and more every day.

Leaks can occur for various reasons. When the aquarium is many years old, the sealant used to bond the glass wall joints (or glass and frame joints) loses its properties. It starts to crumble little by little.

It so happens that the owner of the fish breaks the tightness in some place, removing the overgrown algae from the glass with a metal scraper. Be that as it may, the leak has appeared, and it can be eliminated with your own hands.

First of all, it is necessary to determine the specific place where the sealing is broken. If the leak is in the upper or middle part of the aquarium, then you need to lower the level of the aqua and dry this place with a cotton cloth.

To prevent the deterioration of the living conditions of ornamental fish, lower the tubes of the external filter to the water level or, if an internal filter is used, put it on its side.

The place of leakage should be degreased with acetone, white spirit or alcohol from the outside (you should not work with toxic liquids from the inside), dry and apply a layer of special sealant.

After that, within 24 hours you need to wait until the silicone is completely cured, carefully clean the seam and only then raise the aqua level to normal.

Aquarium gluing

As a rule, gluing is done when the glass is cracked. If the crack is small and located in the upper part of the container, then proceed in the same way as when eliminating a regular leak: the crack is sealed with silicone.

The most difficult case is when the glass surface is cracked vertically, horizontally or diagonally. You need to act immediately, as the aquarium water can squeeze out the broken glass at any time.

Aquarium glue

In industrial production, special silicone glue is used to make a frameless aquarium. Exactly the same must be purchased if a breakdown or violation of sealing is eliminated independently at home.

Silicone glue is a jelly-like mass that hardens when exposed to moisture in the air. In about 30 minutes, the process of mass polymerization takes place at the gluing site.

A day after working with such glue, the frozen mass is almost impossible to break, its strength becomes almost the same as the strength of the glass surface itself. This is achieved by the fact that the silicone glue contains silicon, which is also an element of glass.

For example, sealants of the Soudal, Penosil, Titan or VIK Aquarium Silicone brands are safe for fish, perfectly withstand contact with the aquatic environment, and create strong seams. Such glue can be used for both elimination of leaks and full gluing. The same sealants are used to seal the cracks in the top cover.

Note:

Method two. Place a patch of glass in place of the crack, which will cover the entire damaged area.If the aquarium flows along the seam, then you will have to re-glue this entire seam. To do this, it will be necessary to clean the entire seam from the old silicone, since the silicone of the new gluing does not adhere well to the old silicone. Then let the aquarium sit for 4-6 days. Then soak for a week (2 times a day, drain the water and refill the aquarium) and you can again place your fish in their usual environment.

Note! In case of damage to any of the walls of the aquarium, the damaged glass must be replaced completely.

The third, more difficult option. replacing the bottom. is a technically long process, because half of the aquarium may need to be disassembled.

How to glue?

Tubing repair

One of the most popular winter activities is tubing downhill, which is popularly known as “cheesecake”. This device is made of durable reinforced canvas. However, it can also be damaged, and this applies to both the outer cover and the rubberized camera.

It is best in such a situation to contact a specialized workshop or a tire fitting, although sometimes you can try to glue the “cheesecake” yourself at home.

Elimination of other damage

In all other cases, such as, for example, securing a torn cable or replacing damaged handles, special equipment will be required. It is impossible to carry out such work at home without having the skills of work, the necessary tools and materials. In this case, it makes sense to refer the tubing to a tire fitting or to any service center that repairs rubber products.

Keep in mind that in some cases, the cost of repairs may be comparable to the cost of a new “cheesecake”.

Those who have firmly decided to make repairs with their own hands should pay special attention to the choice of an adhesive composition.

Some funds are most effective.

  • Texacol. Provides high quality gluing of products from polyurethane and PVC bases, most often included in a repair kit for repairing rubber boats. In order to increase the heat resistance of this composition, a hardener is usually added.

Please note that you can use the composition only if you are repairing small cuts and punctures, the size of which does not exceed 4-5 cm.

  • For some types of damage, reinforced tape “Moment Super Tape” is used. It provides fixation of a wide variety of materials, including reinforced canvas. This product is a three-layer product consisting of polyethylene, fabric and an adhesive layer. Differs in high efficiency in sealing seams, joints, as well as insulation and protection of tubing from water penetration inside. It is noteworthy that this material withstands low temperatures and retains moisture, not allowing even a strong direct stream of water to pass through.
READ  How to properly plant plants in an aquarium

Camera

In order to repair a tubing camera, you need to prepare the following materials and tools:

  • a basin of warm water;
  • scissors;
  • patch material;
  • any solvent;
  • fine sandpaper;
  • glue.

The sequence of actions step by step includes certain stages.

  • First, you need to determine exactly where the puncture is. To do this, the product is pumped up and placed in a large tank of water. If you do not have a basin, then you can use the bathtub by filling it halfway. Air bubbles will be noticeable at the puncture site, rising to the top.
  • This area should be marked with a marker.
  • The place near the damage is rubbed with sandpaper, then wiped with a cotton swab dipped in a solvent. This is necessary in order to ensure the most durable fixation during subsequent work.
  • A patch of the required size is cut out of the prepared material so that it is 1-2 cm wider than the parameters of the gap itself.
  • Before starting work, the camera must be lowered.
  • The glue is evenly distributed over the area of ​​the gap and the patch, after which the latter is fixed on the camera using a press. In this state, the tubing is kept for 2-3 hours until it dries completely.

The maximum gluing efficiency is achieved after a day.

Case

If the tubing cover is damaged, repair work is carried out in the following sequence:

  • The “cheesecake” must be placed on a horizontal surface in such a way that you can easily get to the internal damage;
  • the damaged area of ​​the cover is gently rubbed with fine sandpaper;
  • a piece of cotton wool is moistened with acetone, then degreased and cleaned the damaged area;
  • then you need to measure the cut with a ruler;
  • a piece is cut out of the prepared material for the patch so that it is a couple of centimeters larger than the size of the breakout;
  • all sharp corners on the prepared patch are cut off with scissors;
  • the patch is degreased with acetone in the same way as the place of damage;
  • both surfaces to be bonded are coated with glue as evenly as possible;
  • immediately before hitching the bookmark, both surfaces should be thoroughly warmed up with a hairdryer using hot air;
  • the prepared patch is firmly pressed to the cover and fixed with any press, after which it is left for 5-7 hours;
  • after the allotted time, the press is removed and the cheesecake is left for another 15-20 hours. after that the maximum strength of the coupling will be reached.

If the damage is small, you can try to repair the gap in the cover with reinforced tape. In this case, the torn area needs to be simply sewn up, a piece of scotch tape is attached to the seam on top of the inside.

Common problems

There are some problems that most often arise for owners of tubing.

  • Bursting camera. This happens when several people ride a tubing at the same time, and at the same time their total weight exceeds all permissible norms. Pumping the camera in cold weather also causes similar damage. After it gets warm, the air inside expands and this also causes a violation of the integrity of the bottom.
  • Cut cover. Such a nuisance happens if users ride on an unprepared track, as well as if a rider has sharp objects in his s that can damage the tubing during riding.
  • Damage such as rupture of the cable or handles is slightly less common. Excessive efforts, worn-out “cheesecakes” or a factory defect become the cause of such a malfunction.
  • Sometimes the joints diverge on the products. this can happen due to a factory defect or if the inflation is too strong.

In order to reduce the risk of damage to the tubing, you should adhere to certain rules of riding and operation.

  • You can ride only in specially designated areas equipped for skiing. Areas with trees and bushes, poles, protruding snags and other obstructions should be avoided.
  • Do not couple the tubing to each other. this reduces maneuverability and as a result leads to damage in cases when the tubing suddenly collides with an obstacle.
  • Do not sit on one “cheesecake” together. In extreme cases, it is allowed to use one tubing for two people when riding on a gentle slope.
  • When riding, be sure to hold on to the handles.
  • It is not recommended to inflate the tubing above the established rate. A properly inflated chamber should just spread the shell, but no more.

In addition, it is strictly forbidden to use a sledge-cheesecake:

repair, aquarium, home
  • in a state of drug and alcohol intoxication;
  • for ski jumping;
  • for skiing off icy or ski slopes.

Remember: any ice skating is not only unsafe, it also causes accelerated wear of the sliding surface of the tubing bottom.

Do not use the cheesecake to be towed by a snowmobile, car, or any other vehicle. Also, in the summer, you should not attach it to boats and ride on water.

For how to glue the tubing cover, see the next video.

We process plants

Artificial water tanks for keeping fish almost always contain a lot of vegetation. Waste products of plants are one of the reasons for the clogging of the aquarium. Decayed leaves settle to the bottom and accumulate if not removed for a long time. It promotes the multiplication of pathogens.

Some plants can grow significantly over time. It is recommended to remove them, as they impede the free movement of fish inside the glass tank.

We clean the walls

Contamination of glass with bacteria and algae is a natural process, so do not think that the problem is in the wrong keeping of fish. Glass, which has become cloudy over time, causes discomfort not only to the inhabitants of the aquarium, but also prevents the owners from monitoring the life of their beloved pets.

To remove plaque from the walls, you need to purchase a special scraper. A simpler option involves using a regular sponge, which can be found at every person’s home. When using a magnetic scraper, be aware that it does not work well with dirt in the corners of the aquarium. You can also wash the glass container from the outside. On sale you can find special tools adapted for this purpose.

Siphoning the bottom of the aquarium

In order to clean a glass container with water, there is no better device than a siphon, which consists of a tube and a pump. There is a tip at the end of the tube of this accessory. With the help of it, the soil is raised and the waste products of fish and plants are removed.

The soil needs to be cleaned less frequently than routine cleaning is usually done. During the general cleaning of the glass aquarium, not only the soil is cleaned, but also the sand. The sand is cleaned with a tube. After this procedure, the siphon should be thoroughly rinsed.

Siphon cleaning

We clean the aquarium with fish correctly

At first glance, the question of how to clean an aquarium with fish does not cause any difficulties, but not every owner knows about the nuances of doing such work at home. Since a glass vessel is a closed biological system, it needs continuous maintenance. Otherwise, its inhabitants may die. This article will be a great cheat sheet for both beginners and experienced aquarium owners.

How to properly wash your aquarium?

Cleaning the glass tank is done in a few steps. It does not matter how much the artificial reservoir has. There is a strictly defined sequence for cleaning the aquarium, which must be followed. Let’s consider it in more detail.

First, the glass walls are cleaned. After removing the plaque consisting of algae and bacteria, all decorative elements must be cleaned. Next, the decayed leaves of the plants are removed. Then, with the help of a siphon, the soil is cleaned from the waste products of living organisms that live in the aquarium. The next thing to do is to partially drain the liquid. At the end, the filters are cleaned and the missing amount of water is added.

Before starting cleaning, it is also recommended to study the video in which the process is described more clearly. It is not necessary to remove fish from the aquarium while washing it. If the procedure is performed in compliance with all the rules, then they will not receive any harm.

How often should the aquarium be washed?

There are two determining factors on which the frequency of cleaning an artificial reservoir depends. The first is the volume of the vessel, and the second is the population density of the aquarium. You should also take into account the type of fish living in it. Most often, the aquarium is washed 1-2 times a week.

The density of the vegetation in the glass container also affects the frequency of clogging. The more vegetation there is in the aquarium, the less often it needs to be washed. Consider the main signs that signal that the time to wash the container has come:

  • plaque on glass;
  • plaque on plants and decorative elements;
  • turbidity of water.

It is not difficult to clean the aquarium with your own hands, however, you should not deviate from the recommendations prescribed in the instructions. The use of any chemical reagents that are not specialized is strictly prohibited. This can lead to the death of fish.

The best way to clean your aquarium yourself?

Proper cleaning of the glass tank is carried out using special equipment. Consider a list of accessories that are commonly used for this kind of work:

Aquarium cleaning supplies

  • scraper;
  • siphon;
  • bucket;
  • net.

The scraper is used to remove plaque that forms on the inner surface of the glass walls during the operation of the aquarium. When choosing a scraper, you should pay attention to its type and dimensions. Experts recommend using a professional magnetic scraper. It is very convenient to use it. All that is needed is to run the scraper along the outside wall and the dirt will be removed from the inside. But the disadvantage of such an accessory is its high cost. You can clean a cloudy glass aquarium with fish using simpler tools.

The siphon is used to clean the soil at the bottom of the glass tank. The advantage of such a ground cleaner is that when using it there is no need to remove the soil from the aquarium.

It is allowed to use baking soda to wash the aquarium. However, do not forget that an impromptu cleaner must be thoroughly rinsed off after use.

Changing the water in the aquarium and cleaning the filter

After finishing the internal cleaning, you can start changing the water. The amount of water that needs to be eliminated depends on how dirty the glass tank with the fish has been. Typically, the figure is about ¼ of the total amount of fluid. A siphon can be used to replace the water.

Knowledgeable masters advise washing the filter no more than 2 times a month. You should also be aware that this device must not be cleaned together with other elements of the aquarium. This is due to the fact that in this case the balance of microorganisms is disturbed. It should be washed separately using a toothbrush. Before washing, the filter is disassembled into its constituent elements.

In this article, we answered the question of how to clean a fish tank using a simple step-by-step procedure and items that you can easily prepare at home. The most important rule when carrying out this procedure tells us that it is performed in several steps and has a strict sequence. Your fish will feel great in a clean aquarium.

What recommendations can you give for washing an aquarium at home??