The kitten’s eyes fester. How to treat?
Natalya Inyakina Veterinarian, specialization. dermatology, shelter medicine
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye. conjunctivitis. is characterized by swelling and redness of the eyelids, soreness, lacrimation, discharge from the eyes, including a purulent character, the formation of crusts on the eyelids and around the eyes, squinting. Both or only one eye may be affected. Sometimes the kitten‘s face can be completely covered with crusts, and the eyelids are literally “glued” with purulent secretions.
The causes of these symptoms in cats can be viral respiratory infections, bacterial infections, and eye injuries. In kittens, the most common cause of purulent discharge from the eyes is herpesvirus infection or feline viral rhinotracheitis. And if in humans, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye is most often only inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, then in cats it is a systemic infection that affects the entire body, it can lead to serious complications or even to the death of the animal.
The disease in kittens usually begins with reddening of the eyelids and squinting eyes, then tearing and discharge from the nose appear, the kitten begins to sneeze, cough, becomes lethargic, lies all the time, refuses to eat, his temperature may rise. In the future, the discharge from the nose and eyes becomes purulent, and the condition of the kitten is rapidly deteriorating. In some cases, pneumonia develops, which often ends in the death of the kitten.
The most common mistake: the owners of a kitten independently treat only inflammation of the eyes, usually by analogy with the treatment of people or on the advice of friends, while the kitten needs complex therapy. As a result, time is wasted, and the kitten loses strength. Therefore, it is important to first show the kitten to a veterinarian for examination and diagnostics, and only then perform the prescribed treatment at home.
Treatment usually consists of good care and regular removal of secretions and crusts, use of eye drops and ointments, antiviral therapy, general condition correction, and restoration of water balance (fluid therapy). Systemic use of antibiotics is also often necessary to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Particular attention should be paid to nutrition, since kittens may lose their sense of smell, experience pain due to inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nasal and oral cavity, and therefore refuse to feed.
How I Treat a Kitten or Cat Eye Infection at Home
As a complication, corneal ulcers can develop, which also requires additional treatment. If untreated, the disease can take on a chronic course.
Kittens are most susceptible at the age of 8-10 weeks, which is usually associated with the end of the passive immunity transmitted with the mother’s milk in the first hours of life.
In some cases, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye can develop even in very young kittens with not yet opened eyes, in which case the doctor carefully separates the eyelids and rinses the eyes to prevent the development of corneal ulcers and inflammatory changes in the structure of the eye. The risk of infection is higher for kittens from shelters and for animals picked up outside.
The disease is ubiquitous and is easily transmitted by direct contact through nasal and eye discharge, sneezing and through staff. Cats kept individually and not attending exhibitions and zoological hotels are less exposed to the risk of infection. Herpesvirus infection can occur simultaneously with calicivirus infection.
Preventive vaccination is the best way of protection, it is recommended for all cats and kittens, regardless of the conditions of keeping.
Features of the procedure for adult cats
Usually cats are reluctant to allow any medical manipulation with them. Therefore, rinsing the eyes is difficult to do alone. It is better to do this with an assistant who will hold the animal.
- Prepare inventory: cotton pads, cloth napkins, gauze or bandage, syringes without a needle for 5 or 10 cubes.
- Wrap the animal with a towel or soft cloth to secure it.
- Moisten a napkin with a warm medicated solution, squeeze it on the sore eye.
- Wait for the crusts to soften, and then remove them with a cotton pad with movements from the outer corners of the eyes to the inner.
- When pus sticks together, move the tissue from your nose to your ears to open your eyes. In this case, cotton pads need to be replaced as they become dirty.
- Gently pour the solution onto the cornea of the cleansed eye using a syringe.
- Remove excess solution by blotting the eye with a dry cloth or cotton swab wrapped in a bandage. During the procedure, try not to touch the eyeball with gauze or swab.
Attention! Before washing the eyes, the cat should not wipe them with dry cotton wool, as this will further irritate the eyes.
How and how to wash the eyes of a kitten or cat
Kittens and adult cats sometimes have eye problems due to infectious diseases (viral rhinotracheitis, chlamydia, panleukopenia, etc.), injuries, anatomical features of some breeds (sphinxes, British, Rex), age, foreign particles, allergies, helminthiasis, bloat century. If the animal has lacrimation, sticking of the eyelids, purulent discharge or other visible changes, then the eyes must be washed.
It is not necessary to go to a veterinary clinic for treatment, since this procedure is not complicated. It is enough to know how to rinse a cat’s eye and how to do it correctly at home in order to help the animal, and not worsen its condition.
By the nature of the discharge, you can determine the cause of the ailment and choose how to rinse the cat’s eyes. Thick, purulent, yellowish discharge and clumping of the eyelids indicate infection with fungi, bacteria, or other types of infections. Watery, colorless discharge indicates injury or an allergic reaction. Colorless discharge, which turns brown when dry, indicates that dirt or dust particles have entered the eyes.
Ready-to-use solutions for animal eye rinsing are available from veterinary or general drug stores. They are safe for the eyes of animals. They can also be made at home from available components. If you do not know how to wash your cat’s eyes, pay attention to our recommendations.
Attention! It is not necessary to rinse the cat’s eyes as a preventive measure, otherwise sensitive eyes can be harmed.
- Furacilin. The most relevant and inexpensive eye wash is a 0.02 percent furacilin solution. The drug in a higher concentration can cause irritation and even burn the cornea, therefore it is not recommended to dilute the solution on your own.
- Boric acid. Can be used in case of purulent inflammation of the eyes in the absence of bleeding and damage to the mucous membranes.
- Saline. Saline must be bought at a pharmacy at a concentration of 0.9% in order to avoid burns of the mucous membrane.
- Chlorhexidine. You can also rinse your cat’s eyes with 0.01% chlorhexidine. This remedy is easy to use at home.
- Potassium permanganate. Crystals of potassium permanganate must be dissolved in water to obtain a slightly pink liquid. Undissolved crystals can cause chemical burns.
- Decoctions of herbs. Mild decoctions of herbs such as calendula, hyssop, chamomile, or St. John’s wort can be used to cleanse the eyes. Pour 1-2 teaspoons of herbs with 200 g of boiling water and leave for 7-10 minutes. Then strain through several layers of gauze, cool and apply.
- Black tea. To wash the eyes of cats, you can use not freshly brewed, but sleeping tea: before using the tea leaves, the brew should stand for at least 10-12 hours, and preferably a day. Also, you can not use tea bags, but only leaf tea.
As for kittens, it is better to entrust the choice of means for treating the eyes of small pets to a veterinarian. The fact is that pharmaceutical preparations or home remedies that successfully heal adult cats may not be suitable for kittens due to their imperfect immune system. If the discharge is insignificant, then you can rinse the kitten’s eyes with ordinary clean boiled water. If the discharge is profuse, with pus, then you need to use the following means:
- “Diamond Eyes”. the main component is chlorhexidine. Taurine and Chlorocide C, also included in this medicine, have a healing effect;
- “Bars” in the form of drops is recommended for lotions. The drug contains furacilin, which destroys microbes. The analgesic effect is provided by novocaine;
- the drug “Iris” contains the antibiotic Gentamicin and such healing components as sodium metabisulfite, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, EDTA;
- for purulent conjunctivitis, eye drops containing the antibiotics Levomycetin or Ciprofloxacin are used.
Features of the procedure for kittens
Kittens are born with closed eyes. They begin to open in 3-12 days. At first, the iris has a dull gray color, and then it turns yellow, green or blue, according to the breed. In the first days of life, kittens’ eyes secrete mucus, which is removed by the mother cat. Cat saliva has bactericidal properties that protect the organs of vision from infection. Over time, kittens learn to wash on their own. But if they fail, they need help.
The procedure for rinsing the eyes of kittens is the same as for adults. However, you need to act more gently and carefully. In addition, one person can wash the eyes of a kitten.
If your pet has also recommended eye drops or ointments for your pet, you can apply them 5-10 minutes after you rinse his eyes. It is necessary to withstand this time in order not to provoke an adverse reaction between the components of therapeutic agents.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
How to remove dry discharge in the corners of the eyes?
Eyes should only be cleaned with tampons and cotton pads. Dry secretions are removed with water, special drops (Diamond Eyes), lotions (Canina Augen Pflegelotion) and sanitary napkins (Mr. Gee, Gamma, Ayda for a walk!), Which are convenient to use if something gets into the eye. The use of these funds allows you to gently, without causing irritation, remove the discharge. Medicinal and folk antiseptics should not be used for this purpose, they should be prescribed by a veterinarian in the presence of pathological symptoms such as tearing, swelling of the eyelids, pus, etc.
How to wash the eyes of a cat: an algorithm of actions
It is necessary in advance, so that the cat does not see and does not worry, prepare drops, antiseptic, tampons or cotton pads in another room. To prevent the addition of a secondary infection, the procedure must be carried out with gloves. It is best to do this together, as the animal will pull out. To rinse your cat’s eyes, you need:
- fix the cat. wrap it in a towel or put it on a flat surface, pressing the body to the floor with one hand, and holding its head with the other;
- moisten a tampon in an antiseptic or water and squeeze well, then apply it to your eyes for a few minutes;
- gently wipe the eyelids, cleaning them from crusts (if there is an abundant accumulation of pathological secretions, it is necessary to manipulate 2-3 times);
- after 5-10 minutes, drip the medicine into the eyes, gently holding the closed eyelids. thanks to this, the drug does not flow out, but is evenly distributed along the inflamed mucosa;
- calm the animal and give it a favorite treat.
Cat Eye Discharge. What is it and when should you see a vet!
Ready-made preparations (solution of potassium permanganate, furacilin, Chlorhexidine, etc.)
Before using special drops and ointments, you need to clean your eyes from purulent exudate, crusts and dust using the following antiseptics:
- Furacilin. Crush and dissolve 2 tablets in a glass of warm boiled water. The tool has an average antimicrobial effect.
- Boric acid powder. Stir 2 tsp. means without a slide in 0.5 cups of water. It is forbidden to use this medication if bleeding is present.
- Potassium permanganate. Dissolve several crystals of potassium permanganate in water. A highly concentrated solution causes burns to the mucous membranes of the eyes. Normally, it should be transparent and slightly pink.
- Chlorhexidine. To prevent side effects (tearing, redness, etc.), you need to use a drug with a concentration of 0.05%. It is necessary to draw 4 ml of Chlorhexidine and 16 ml of saline (0.9%) into the syringe. Even a kitten’s eyes can be cleaned with a weak chlorhexidine solution.
To prevent the eyes from festering, they can be wiped with the following folk remedies:
- Black tea. The composition is prepared from a large leaf tea without sugar and infused for at least 10 hours. Strong tea does not cause side effects, so it can wash the eyes of even a kitten.
- Lime tea. You need to pour 1 tsp. linden flowers 0.5 cups boiling water and let it brew for 40–45 minutes. The plant is very allergenic, therefore it is used only as directed by a doctor and with full confidence that the pet is not allergic to pollen.
- A decoction of a string, chamomile or calendula. You need to pour a glass of boiling water over 2 tbsp. l. spoons of any plant and leave to cool. These components have not only an antiseptic, but also a soothing effect on sore eyes.
What to do if a cat has pus in its eyes?
Noticing pus in the eyes of a pet, you need not to panic and convulsively go through antiseptic drugs at your home pharmacy, but show it to your veterinarian. He often points to serious illnesses. In this case, the animal requires complex treatment, which includes not only the use of eye drops, but also oral administration of veterinary medications, and a special diet. What products can you use to wash your eyes at home?
How to rinse a cat’s eyes and how to wipe pus correctly
Often, the owners notice that the cat has watery eyes, or after sleep, mucus and pus accumulate in them. To understand how to wipe a kitten‘s eyes at home, you need to understand the nature of this phenomenon. Having realized the physiological reason for the appearance of foreign substances in the area of the eyeballs, it will become clear how to rinse them for a cat so as not to harm her.
The easiest way to care for a kitten’s eyes is to daily wipe them with sanitary napkins soaked in boiled water at room temperature. Small kittens do this daily, even if no signs of inflammation are observed.
With redness of the eyelids, lacrimation, you can use folk remedies to wash the eyes of the kitten:
- Boric acid solution. 5 g per 1 glass of water.
- Black tea. they use not freshly prepared tea leaves, but yesterday’s tea in a weak concentration.
- Linden blossom infusion. 5 g per 0.5 l of boiling water.
- Infusion of celandine.
You can use dried chamomile or calendula for infusion. For cooking 1 tbsp. pour a spoonful of dry grass with 1 cup boiling water, leave for half an hour, then strain. Allow the infusion to cool, and use warm for rinsing.
How to wash a kitten’s eyes
A small accumulation of mucus after sleep is normal, you just need to regularly wipe the cat’s eyes with a cotton pad dipped in warm boiled water, or bury drops bought at a veterinary pharmacy.
When lacrimation is constant, pus is formed. it is important to respond quickly, since such a symptom may indicate the development of a serious viral or infectious disease. To eliminate it, the following are used:
Tears, transparent or slightly cloudy, flow from the cat when dust gets under the eyelid. Sometimes they are caused by the common cold, to which pets are as susceptible as humans. It is important to consult a veterinarian if the eyes “turn sour”, redness is noticeable.
When playing with animals, the cornea can be damaged from careless movements of the pet. In this case, rinsing your eyes at home using traditional methods will not be enough.
How to properly rinse your cat’s eyes at home
The procedure for washing and instilling in most pets seems unpleasant, so the owner will have to make a lot of efforts to achieve a therapeutic effect. Before you wash your cat’s eyes, you need to calm it down, caress it.
- Before the hygiene procedure, wash your hands with soap and an antiseptic to prevent a secondary infection from entering the kitten‘s body. It is most convenient to carry out manipulations with an assistant: one strokes and soothes the animal, the other gently instills or puts the medicine.
- If, due to pus, the kitten’s eyes are stuck together, first you need to carefully rinse them with boiled water, soaking and removing all crusts and pus. Then, using a pipette or syringe without a needle, drop the solution. Keep the eyedropper no closer than 1 cm from the muzzle so as not to injure the eyeball when trying to escape.
- Watch the temperature of the medicine. it should not be higher than room temperature. At higher. over 37 degrees. a burn is possible, at low. the kitten will be unpleasant, he will resist treatment.
- After dropping the medicine, close the eyelids to the cat, then open them and blot with dry cotton wool or wipe with a cotton swab. They do this carefully so that the villi do not get into the eye, further injuring it.
- If the treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian, you should not cancel it yourself or replace the drug. Even if the eyes have ceased to fester, it is recommended to complete the full course.
The cat can escape from the hands, twist its head, so you should be extremely careful and careful so as not to accidentally injure the pet. This execution is terrible for the animal, and it resists. You need to be ready for aggression. In addition, she will in every possible way avoid the following procedure.
Medicines are prescribed by a doctor based on the cause that caused lacrimation or suppuration. To relieve inflammation are used:
- drops Tsiprovet;
- hydrocortisone ointment;
- drops of Levomycetin;
- tetracycline ointment.
Veterinarians warn those who are interested in whether it is possible to rinse the eyes of cats with chlorhexidine. the answer can only be negative. Also, you can not wipe the eyes of a kitten and an adult cat with hydrogen peroxide. you can burn the cornea and leave the pet blind.
Medicines are used as directed by your veterinarian. He will tell you how to wash the eyes of the cat. Recommended solutions:
- boric acid;
- diamond eyes. drops with anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and decongestant effects.
If inflammation of the organs of vision is caused by allergies. to food, dust, household chemicals or other irritants, antihistamines are additionally prescribed.
Than to rinse?
For adult cats
It is difficult for a cat to flush the visual organs by itself, so this procedure is best done with someone else who will hold the animal. Do the rinsing correctly as follows:
- Prepare the necessary inventory. Take cotton, bandage or gauze pads and a syringe without a needle.
- The animal is fixed so that it does not scratch the person by wrapping him with a towel.
- A gauze napkin is moistened in a medicinal solution and squeezed onto the cat’s eyes.
- Wait a few minutes for the crust to become soft, and then wipe it off with a cotton pad. Movements should be from the edge of the eye to the inner corners.
- If the eyelids are stuck together, then movements with a cotton pad are made from nose to ear, changing dirty discs to clean ones.
- The medicine is drawn into a syringe and poured onto the cleaned cornea.
- The excess of the drug is soaked with cotton wool or a tampon from a bandage, without touching the eyeball.
In a Persian cat, the eyes have a convex shape, so they are washed daily to prevent inflammation.
It is necessary to clean the eyes of a kitten when they become inflamed and watery. This is due to the influence of the following factors:
- infestation with helminths;
- getting a foreign body into the eye;
- the occurrence of conjunctivitis;
- penetration of infection;
- trauma to the organs of vision;
- twist of the century.
For bacterial conjunctivitis in kittens, antibiotics in drops are used, such as “Ceprofloxacin” or “Levomycitin”.
The color and consistency of ocular secretions in cats indicate the cause:
If the organ is watery, then this may be a sign of an allergic reaction in the animal.
- Fungal, viral or bacterial lesions. With them, the eyes fester. The discharge turns yellow and becomes thick, sometimes the animal cannot open its eyes due to sticking of the eyelids.
- Allergies, trauma. This is indicated by watery eyes with transparent secretions. And also the cat constantly scratches his eyes.
- Dirt, dust. Discharge in the form of transparent droplets, which dry up in the corners of the pet’s eyes and turn brown, are caused by dirt or dust particles entering the visual organs.
If the animal’s organs of vision are acidic, then you can clean them with warm boiled water. And to flush the cat’s eyes from pus, use the following drugs:
Boric acid is suitable in case of suppuration of the visual organs.
- “Furacilin”. Before treating eyes, the kitten’s solution of “Furacilin” is diluted with water 1: 5. A more concentrated product can cause redness and burning or even burns on the cornea.
- Boric acid. It is recommended to treat the affected area when it festers. Boric acid solution is not used in case of violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane of the visual organs.
- Miramistin. The drops have a bactericidal effect. Treatment with “Miramistin” helps with inflammation of the organs of vision with the release of pus.
- Chlorhexidine. To wipe the cat’s eyes with “Chlorhexidine” is prescribed for suppuration or to prevent the penetration of infection after injuries or surgical interventions.
- Peroxide. Rinsing the eyes with hydrogen peroxide is recommended for eye injuries to remove pus.
- Potassium permanganate. A pale pink solution is made, since a more saturated agent can provoke a burn of the visual organs. The tool relieves inflammation and disinfects.
You can also wash your eyes with special veterinary drugs:
- “Diamond Eyes”;
Veterinarian T. Ilyina recommends washing the kitten‘s eyes from a dried purulent crust with infusion of green tea, calendula or a string.
If there are no pharmaceutical preparations at home, then the cat’s visual organs are washed with a medicine prepared at home. The most popular are the following recipes:
- Linden infusion. Take 2 teaspoons of linden flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water over them and leave for half an hour. This tea can be used to wash the sour eyes of newborn kittens. The broth relieves inflammation very well.
- Chamomile tea. It relieves inflammation, and also helps with sticking eyelids and frequent acidification of the visual organs. 50 g of chamomile flowers are poured with a glass of boiling water and allowed to brew for 20 minutes.
- Black tea. It is used by both an adult cat and a newborn kitten to reduce inflammation. Positive results are visible after 2-3 washes. To prepare the solution, take 1 teaspoon of large leaf tea, pour it with a glass of boiling water and steam for 10 minutes.
- Aloe. The freshly squeezed juice of the plant is instilled with a pipette into the diseased organs of the cat’s eyes. The procedure is repeated twice a day. Aloe removes inflammation and moisturizes the cornea.
How to wash a kitten’s eyes?
Sometimes kittens and adult cats have problems with the organs of vision, so you need to know how to wash your pet’s eyes so as not to aggravate the problem. This issue does not require an appeal to a veterinarian, it can be solved independently at home. For rinsing the eyes, use ready-made pharmaceutical solutions or homemade products.
If a cat sneezes and has purulent discharge from the eye, then after examinations or examinations it can be revealed:
- Lack of vaccination and infection with rhinotracheitis. In this case, due to the swelling of the mucous membranes of the eyes, suppuration occurs. This is a dangerous infection and decisive action must be taken, especially if the cat is young.
- With conjunctivitis, the discharge of pus occurs from the conjunctival sac. In this case, there is swelling of the mucous membrane and the confluence of the eye. It is necessary to do rinsing with a solution of furacilin and hydrogen peroxide and prescribe injections with antibiotics.
- The kitten’s eyes fester, and at the same time he sneezes. this is an external indicator of the indisposition of a furry friend. But if a specialist has diagnosed purulent conjunctivitis, then perhaps this is a stage of a chronic disease. salmonellosis. It could end tragically in about a month. Therefore, it is worthwhile to follow the doctor’s recommendations in a timely manner after the established diagnosis and start treating the cat on the very first day.
How keratitis is treated will depend on the underlying cause. The therapeutic method is suitable in the initial stages of the development of keratitis. Surgical intervention is necessary for serious injuries and defects of the cornea. A combination of the above methods is also possible.
Keratitis and blepharitis are also inflammatory diseases, so the same drugs can be prescribed for their treatment as for conjunctivitis
Pus can also be caused by foreign objects in the eye. They irritate the mucous membrane, which leads to the development of inflammation. A pet’s eyes can be damaged by various dust and dirt. Pollen and plant fluff can also cause suppuration. In addition, dirt can get into your pet’s eyes during clashes with other animals. And even the cat itself, being not clean enough, is able to bring small foreign particles into the mucous membrane during washing.
Diagnosis of a disease in a veterinary clinic
Determining an accurate diagnosis for an animal with festering eyes consists of several stages:
- Examination of the cat.
- Pet owner interview.
- Laboratory research.
First, the veterinarian examines the cat’s eyes and also performs a complete physical examination of the pet. This allows the specialist to notice those symptoms that the owner might not have noticed. On examination, the doctor can detect the injuries that caused the suppuration and determine the extent of the damage.
An obligatory step is to interview the owner. The doctor specifies when the pus appeared and how often the discharge is formed. The symptoms accompanying the formation of pus are clarified. Knowing about them, the specialist will be able to reduce the list of possible diseases. It is also important for the doctor to understand whether the cat has chronic diseases or a tendency to them.
Laboratory tests are often required. Biochemical analysis of blood and urine can tell a lot about the condition of the cat. A fluorescein test is performed when an animal is suspected of having ulcers. It also detects corneal erosion and keratitis. The essence of the test is that a special test strip is placed on the animal’s eye. From it, a dye settles on the inspected surface, which makes the damage more noticeable.
If necessary, the pet’s blood pressure is measured. Allocations are taken to analyze and determine the nature of pus. In rare cases, an ultrasound examination of the eyes and X-ray of the skull are prescribed.
With the help of a special test strip, a dye enters the eye, which “settles” only on the damaged parts of the cornea, which makes it possible to reveal the nature and degree of damage, as well as its exact location
Before treatment, a festering eye must be treated with antiseptic substances: a solution of furacilin or a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. If the concentration of a solution of potassium permanganate can be determined by its color, then when using furacilin, this will not work. Therefore, it is usually recommended to dilute 1 gram of powder in five liters of purified water to obtain a liquid with a weak concentration. Also, this drug can be purchased already diluted in a pharmacy.
Remember that a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate will dry out the pet’s skin, and undissolved crystals can burn it altogether.
To make a weak solution of potassium permanganate, it is enough to add five crystals of the substance to one glass of water. At first glance, it seems that five tiny crystals of potassium permanganate will not be enough. But, as practice shows, this amount of manganese is quite enough to get a pale solution, as in the photo. The main thing is to thoroughly stir the crystals in the water. If you nevertheless overdid it, as I did in my first “experiment”, then you can always reduce the concentration of the solution with the help of water.
After clearing the eyes of pus, you can proceed directly to treatment. Ointments have a thick consistency, and therefore last longer than drops. Usually they are applied no more than twice a day, the course of treatment can be up to two weeks. For these purposes, the following drugs are suitable:
- Tetracycline ointment;
- Erythromycin ointment;
- Levomycetin ointment;
Anti-inflammatory drops are also used in the treatment of conjunctivitis. They are instilled from three to six times a day, 2-3 drops into the affected eye. The full course of treatment takes up to three weeks. Some of the common drugs are:
- Lacrimine aseptic;
Drops are less effective as they have a liquid consistency and are quickly washed out of the eye, but they are a little easier to apply. The frequency of use of the drug will depend on the degree of eye inflammation and on the recommendations of the doctor. In addition, before using the medication, read the instructions for it.
If the inflammatory processes are caused by an allergic reaction, then first of all it is important to eliminate the allergen, and then purchase antihistamines for the cat.
Inflammation of the lining of the eye, also called conjunctivitis, can be caused by allergic reactions and viral or bacterial infections. If this disease is not treated in time, then the development of the pathological process continues, which leads to the transition of conjunctivitis to a purulent stage.
- A lot of cats in the house is great, they have a beneficial effect on the owners. But if at least one of them sneezes and her eyes fester, then you need to isolate her from all the others.
- Periodically, you need to carry out preventive measures: give vitamins, medicinal herbs, make sure that there are no injuries.
- For kittens, flush eyes frequently with baking soda solution or strong tea leaves.
- Even a small wound should be treated with hydrogen peroxide.
- Give cats periodic anthelmintic drugs.
- To enhance the protective functions of the body, you should choose immunostimulants, in consultation with your doctor.
If you find even minor deviations, you should visit your veterinarian.
IMPORTANT! VETERINARIAN CONSULTATION REQUIRED. INFORMATION FOR KNOWLEDGE ONLY. Share with your friends Article rating
How to properly lay the ointment
Tetracycline ointment is preheated in the hands so that it does not frighten the kitten with a cold touch. It is more convenient to turn the animal on its side and clamp it in this state. It is impossible to cope with this process alone, since one person must hold the kitten, and the other must carry out manipulations with the eye.
The ointment is placed under the lower eyelid, so it must be very carefully and gently pulled with your fingers (your hands should also be warm), put tetracycline peas inside the eyelid with the finger of your other hand or a spatula.
Cover the eye with the ointment and massage it easily for a minute, without causing pain to the kitten. After that, carefully remove with a disk the remnants of the ointment remaining on the eyelid and near the eye.
What to do if a kitten‘s eyes fester?
Knowing why the kitten has purulent discharge in the corners of the eyes, the owner will be able to provide first aid to his pet in time.If the animal squints one eye or they watery and hurt, this can be both a symptom of serious diseases and a consequence of poor hygiene.
Knowing why the kitten has purulent discharge in the corners of the eyes, the owner will be able to provide first aid to his pet in time. If the animal squints one eye or they watery and hurt, this can be both a symptom of serious illness and a consequence of poor hygiene.
Medication for various symptoms
If the kitten not only has an inflamed eye, but has shown certain symptoms of the disease, then after providing first aid, it is necessary to adjust the treatment. In severe cases, the animal must be shown to the veterinarian. The doctor diagnoses the cause of the appearance of the discharge and prescribes the funds necessary in this case:
- With edema and yellow purulent discharge, Hydrocortisone is instilled into the eye in combination with novocaine to relieve pain. Treatment of severe cases is supplemented with antibiotics, for example, 0.5% gentamicin drops. they do not irritate the eyes.
- The consequences of the injury are treated with Levomitecin, which the kitten will need to drink, adding the medicine to water or mixing with broth, as well as Albucid, which relieves swelling and has an anti-inflammatory effect. it is instilled into the damaged eye. This therapy quickly relieves the kitten’s swelling. Bars and Iris drops have similar properties and help treat the cause of eye discharge. Solcoseryl gel heals well wounds on mucous membranes. It is placed under the eyelid.
- If the cat squints one eye, discharge is noticeable on it, it must be rinsed and treated with a solution, then drip drops with Levomitecin in both eyes for prevention, because the infection easily passes to a neighboring organ.
- If high photosensitivity is manifested in combination with an abundant current from the eyes, the kitten should be placed in a dark room and ensure peace. In this case, it is possible to use drops with atropine, as well as Iris with an antibiotic. Cefazolin may work well in this case too.
- Sometimes the discharge from a kitten’s eyes is due to an allergic reaction. It is necessary to change the diet or determine from which allergen the eyes are watery. If it is possible to establish the cause, it will be enough to wash off the discharge, new ones should not appear.
After treatment with the medicine, the kitten must be held in the hands for some time so that it does not erase the composition with its paw.
Any treatment procedures are repeated 2-3 times a day for at least three days. Even if there is an improvement and the discharge has become much less, it is necessary to continue manipulations in order to avoid relapse.
If you have the slightest doubt about the treatment, you should limit yourself to first aid. incorrect selection of drugs can lead to blindness of the animal.
How to rinse an animal’s eyes
If the kitten’s eyes are very acidic, before using the antibacterial agent, you need to drip on them with warm water, wiping them with a soft cloth or a moistened cotton pad. The pet must be fixed in a position convenient for the owner. on its side, if two people are involved in the treatment, or between the knees, having previously swaddled in a towel, if it has to be done alone.
The medicine or solution is warmed up to body temperature and the eyes are dripped with a pipette, trying to get a drop in the corner of the eye or wiped with a generously moistened cotton pad until they are completely free of pus. Change the disc to a clean one after each wiping! To maintain hygiene, do not wipe the left and right eyes using liquid from the same dish. It is most correct to immediately prepare two saucers and pour the medicine into them.
If you do not have a pipette at hand, you can roll a clean piece of cotton wool (so that the fibers do not knock out) or a cotton pad into a very tight tourniquet and use it to drip your eyes, soaking it with a solution and squeezing it out. The pipette or tourniquet must be held at a distance of 2-3 centimeters from the animal’s head, so as not to accidentally damage the eye.
If the cat gets in the way of a speck that causes his eyes to fester, first rinse it out, and if it doesn’t come out, they take it out, washing it towards the nearest corner with a cotton tourniquet, abundantly moistened with an antibacterial solution.
After any manipulations, peas of tetracycline ointment are placed under the upper eyelid or a drug is instilled.
First aid for inflammation
A variant of the norm for a cat is the presence of a small amount of non-purulent discharge of a transparent or cloudy milky shade in the inner corners of the eye. They appear for no particular reason and are not a consequence of the disease. Discharge can accumulate after the animal sleeps or walks. The alarm must be beaten if they become yellowish or greenish, then this can be regarded as a symptom of the disease.
If the animal has a discharge that is not typical for the norm, the eyes are inflamed and sore, the kitten requires urgent help, regardless of the cause of the symptom. It is more correct to immediately contact the veterinarian, but the owner must be able to provide first aid to the animal. Such measures will alleviate his condition and relieve inflammation in case of minor illnesses.
It is necessary to rinse the eyes of the animal to free them from accumulations of pus. The cat will struggle, so you should immediately wrap it in a towel or clasp your paws with your hands, ideally two people.
If the kitten’s eyes fester, you cannot clean them with dry cotton or a cotton swab, this will harm the inflamed organ. You need to prepare a soft cloth or cotton pads and a medicinal composition for rinsing the eye.
How to clean and flush an infected kitten or cat eye
- Saline solution. For 1 liter of distilled or pure boiled water, add 1 teaspoon of salt. Stir the resulting liquid thoroughly and boil. Before treating the kitten’s eyes, it is cooled to a temperature that is pleasant to the hand. This solution can be used for any type of discharge, except for allergic reactions.
- Weak infusion of a medicinal plant. To make it, take 2 tablespoons of sage or St. John’s wort, pour boiling water over it (it is better to use distilled water) and keep it in a water bath for 15 minutes. After that, it is filtered through cheesecloth, and the second time through cotton wool, diluted with water to obtain 0.5 liters of liquid. You need to store it in the refrigerator for no more than a day. Such a weak medicinal infusion is also used for allergies.
- As a last resort, weak black or green tea is suitable for washing. The caffeine it contains has anti-inflammatory effects and may relieve the kitten‘s condition.
Prevention of eye diseases
To keep the kitten healthy and happy, you need to closely monitor its eyes. Compliance with simple preventive measures will not cause discomfort to either the animal or the owner, but will save time and effort on treatment:
- If the little kitten is not given the washing process, it is necessary to rinse his eyes every day. You can use a very weak solution of herbs or boiled water for this.
- Compliance with the vaccination calendar will help to avoid many infectious diseases, and regular intake of antihelminthic drugs will save you from allergies to the waste products of parasites.
- If the kitten has injured the area around the eye, it is advisable to prevent infection. The wool next to the damaged area is cut off, the wound is disinfected.
It is necessary to pay attention to the compliance of the diet with the parameters of the kitten, its breed and physical activity. You shouldn’t feed him from the table.
Inflammation of the eyes is a common symptom in young kittens. A problem detected in time will help to avoid big health troubles, and the right help will stop the development of the disease even at home. The life of a pet primarily depends on its owner.