home Article How to teach your German Shepherd the Aport command

How to teach your German Shepherd the Aport command

Manufacturers and cost

Pulling is a rather difficult skill, but in most dogs it is developed relatively easily and is traditionally included in the general course of training (OKD).

What does the “Aport” command mean? At the command “Aport” the dog must pick up the thing thrown by the trainer, return to him, go around to the right and behind, and then sit at the left leg, waiting for the trainer to pick up the thing. It is impossible for the dog to jump out of place and fly to the thrown thing until the trainer gives a command, nor should it throw the thing until the trainer himself bends down and picks it up. Exercise “Aport” differs from the usual stick game in that in this case the dog performs all actions only on command.

You can start teaching the command when the dog is 7-8 months old and knows the commands “To me”, “Near”, “Sit”. So, let’s look at how to teach a dog the command “Aport”.

Second way

This method is more based on coercion, but at the same time the animal should not suffer and experience pain. The dog’s mouth is opened and the toy is placed. Having clasped the mouth with your hands, you must carefully hold the object. At the same time, the command “aport” is given. The animal is encouraged and the hand is removed from the jaw. With the command “give”, you should pick up the held object. On average, it takes 5-7 lessons for the animal to independently learn to execute the command.

  • attempts to train the dog to command without playing. In this case, the pet will quickly get tired of this process;
  • work without a leash. Not all dogs can behave calmly on the street, some will simply be distracted and run away;
  • the person does not participate in the game. The owner must put energy into the process so that the pet is pleasant and interesting to interact with the owner;
  • lack of encouragement. If you do not praise the dog for success, then in the future the training process will be associated with negativity.

The first way

Puppies are trained during the game. It is best to take a ball and a small cane. The first step is to get your pet’s attention and interest. Usually, babies react quickly to play and movement of objects. While holding a toy in front of the dog’s eyes, the word “aport” should be repeated. It is important here that the puppy wants to pick up the object from the person’s hands.

When the baby grips the toy with his teeth, it must be pulled slightly towards himself until it becomes clear that the pet is holding it tightly. After a while, you should pick up the toy and say “give”. The item is exchanged for a treat as a sign of encouragement for the dog.

In the process of further lessons, you can increase the retention time, as well as allow the baby to move around with the toy. Over time, you can begin to fasten your pet to a leash, give the command to take the product from the floor, and also run a few meters. In the future, after grabbing the object, it is necessary to move with the dog on foot, gradually increasing the distance.

There are several ways to train adult dogs. The first is more suitable for young dogs:

  • The pet is put on a leash.
  • Take a toy and begin to tease the dog, thereby encouraging the desire to grab the thing.
  • They say the command and wait for the animal to pick up the toy.
  • When the dog has done everything right, he should be praised.

Important! The dog must learn to grip the product tightly. This is easily accomplished by pulling and pulling when the owner begins to take the toy out of the dog’s mouth.

If the pet does not hold the product in its mouth, but tries to spit it out, then you should hold its mouth and say “fetch”. After the command “give” the dog must give the item.

teach, your, german, shepherd, aport, command

At the end of the lesson, do not forget about the encouragement.

Methods of teaching a dog to the command “Aport

The success of the “company” initially depends on the temperament of the pet, choleric and sanguine people learn literally instantly, phlegmatic and melancholic people will have to work, sometimes, cheat. The easiest way is to teach a puppy the fetch command, regardless of temperament, the baby has 2 natural needs. to scratch his teeth and play. It is more difficult to train an adult dog with a peaceful disposition, the pet may flatly refuse to carry out a command that is “useless” in his opinion. This applies not only to aport, phlegmatic dogs refuse to dig, tumble, serve, while clearly executing commands that “make sense”. next to me, place and others.

Strict adherence to the standards is not useful if the pet is not engaged in official work (search, sapper, rescue). The algorithm for teaching a dog to command the fetch is the same in all cases, but you can simplify some points at your discretion. Classes are held outdoors, the territory should be familiar to the pet, the exception is unvaccinated puppies, training takes place at home.

Teaching a dog to bring and return an object

It is important not to make a common mistake and not give the dog the opportunity to tease you with a toy. the pet must be able to give away the object and pacify its emotions. Do not let the dog off the leash ahead of time, remember that the command is given only once and if the pet ignored it, you will have to force him to finish the exercise. Offering and giving away an item is performed without using the orders “To me” and “Fu”, this is all part of the command “Aport”.

  • Throw the fetch 2-3 meters away from you, wait for the dog to pick up the toy and command “Bring!”, Patting the knee with your palm (gesture of the command “Come to me”), in the future, voice and visual guidance will not be used.
  • The dog will try to stay in place or run away, but you must, without losing your playful mood, gently pull the pet to you. At your choice. we circle the dog behind the back or sit in front of us.
  • We take the toy with our free hand and look at the pet’s reaction, pulled the object towards ourselves, tried to dodge. a “pacifying” jerk with a leash.
  • We hold the object for 10-15 seconds, it is quite possible that the pet itself will release the toy from its mouth so that you throw it again. Say “Give!”, Praise the dog, reward and repeat the exercise.
  • If the pet is “teasing” and is not going to give the fetch, we strictly say “Give!”. And again, of your choice. we pat the dog’s lower jaw with our hand until it releases the stick or exchange the toy for a piece of delicacy.
READ  The kitten has white eyes what to do

Take your time to work off a leash, even if you are sure that your pet has fully mastered the exercise. The dog will also understand that the leash is no longer there and may not obey, start running away, but you have already given the command. this is a minus in the authority of the trainer. Leave the rope tied to the collar, but do not hold it in your hands, but throw it on the ground. If the student decides to run, step on the rope and return him to the task.

With a little work with different subjects, it is quite possible to train the dog to bring a specific item. Nothing complicated, you just need to repeat the conventional name of the object several times during training: “Do you like a duck?”, “Look at what ball!”, “Do you want a stick?” Further, for the exercise, take three different toys: a ball, a duck and a stick. All objects are thrown at the same time, but they say “Aport, ball!” and the pet carries the required toy. Also a beloved aporter item or a ball with a treat inside, this is the first step in learning the “Seek” command.

How to choose

At the initial stage of training for puppies aged 6-7 months, an object weighing 250-400 grams is suitable. For puppies over half a year old, it is advisable to use an object weighing 650 grams.

Choose products made of wood species that are resistant to cracking and dog teeth.

Regardless of the material used to make the item, it must be safe to use. High-quality products do not injure the tongue, gums, cheeks of the dog, are comfortable in shape and size for wearing in the mouth.

The weight of the object depends on the size of the dog itself and on the tasks pursued. For example, products in the form of dumbbells are suitable for practicing the “aport” command, and soft products for training hunting dogs.

Teaching the dog to select an object (command “Take”)

Let’s make a reservation right away whether or not to teach the “Take” command as a separate exercise is the “master’s” business, if you want the pet to wear its leash or your bag, teach. For convenience, instead of a leash, use a long strong rope, for example, a linen one. Wear gloves to protect your hands from burns, splinters and cuts.

3 Things to Remember When Training Your German Shepherd!

  • Show the dog the retriever item, tease and provoke the pet to grab the toy with its teeth. If necessary, voice the action with the command “Take it!”. Praise the pupil, let him play a little.
  • Get the pet interested, but do not give the fetch, but drop it at your feet. the dog, interested in the game, will pick up the toy. “Fetch, good!”. Make sure that the pet is not fond of the game, you cannot “tear” the aported object. over, you cannot run away with a toy, provoking the coach to chase.
  • Increase the throw distance, but always keep the dog on a leash, when the pet picks up an object thrown 1-2 meters, without leaving the starting position, give the command “Aport!” You can move on to the next stage.

Important! If you can’t get your pet interested in a toy, you need a hollow tennis ball. Using a sharp knife, cut a small gap and fill the ball with goodies. A dog’s scent is very sensitive, even the most wayward pet will not resist a toy that smells delicious.

The benefits of self-training

Of course, you can entrust the training of your pet to an experienced dog handler, which will save time and allow you to achieve an excellent result. But self-training is important for:

  • establishing emotional contact with a pet;
  • asserting his leadership in the “man-dog” tandem;
  • identification and study of positive and negative character traits;
  • finding out the main motivator. food, emotional, play encouragement.

Teach Your Dog Commands In German (20 Common Words)

The trainer must know the basic element of the command. In grabbing, it is holding an object in the mouth and the ability to pick it up from the ground. In the process of training, the owner also learns. He learns to act gently, but persistently, to notice the manifestations of the pet’s emotions. Self-training allows you to create your own “language” and establish a connection that enables the animal to understand the owner perfectly. Training disciplines not only the dog, but also its owner.

READ  How to choose a husky puppy for hunting

Teaching the Aport command is very important for service and hunting dogs. But it is equally important for companion dogs, both for maintaining physical fitness and for developing intelligence.

Training to track and lift an object from the ground

At the initial stage, when the dog establishes a logical connection between the command “Aport” and the object, you need to throw it at a distance of 1-2 meters, making a movement from bottom to top. If the dog refuses to walk or cannot find an object and “prowls”, you can approach it, leading the pet on a leash and point at it. After the dog has lifted the object, you need to reward the pet with the words “Good” and stroking.

The choice of the aported item

For training, you can choose any object that will be convenient for the animal to grab with its teeth and quickly bring it to the trainer. This can be a tennis ball, a frisbee plate, a plastic bottle filled with sand or cereal, or a stick. Dogs are reluctant to take fluffy objects into their mouths. Therefore, the selected item should be smooth, firm, moderately heavy.

The item should serve for a long time, be easy to disinfect, not injure the pet’s oral cavity. To develop the cognitive abilities of the dog, you can teach it to bring a certain object, choosing it from several abandoned.

The item must be attractive to the dog. She must confidently hold it and give it on the command “Give”. If the dog at the initial stage is not interested in the object or does not hold it tightly enough, then you need to interest him by teasing and pretending that you want to take the thing away. This will cause the pet to increase its grip significantly.

At the initial stage of training, you should practice the commands “Aport” and “Give”. Some animals with a choleric disposition are too keen on the subject. In this case, you should hide it so that the dog calms down and learns to react more adequately to the object.


Pulling is a rather difficult skill, but in most dogs it is developed relatively easily and is traditionally included in the general course of training (OKD).

What does the “Aport” command mean? At the command “Aport” the dog must pick up the thing thrown by the trainer, return to him, go around to the right and behind, and then sit at the left leg, waiting for the trainer to pick up the thing. It is impossible for the dog to jump out of place and fly to the thrown thing until the trainer gives a command, nor should it throw the thing until the trainer himself bends down and picks it up. Exercise “Aport” differs from the usual stick game in that in this case the dog performs all actions only on command.

You can start teaching the command when the dog is 7-8 months old and knows the commands “To me”, “Near”, “Sit”. So, let’s look at how to teach a dog the command “Aport”.

Aporting item 650 g

The “Good Soldier” dumbbell for dogs is a versatile wooden dumbbell that makes training more comfortable and effective. The dumbbell is made of natural dried wood, it is strong and durable, its weight is 650 grams. The aporting object is used in free games, in the study of basic commands and in practicing the skills of the aport. The shape of the dumbbell allows the dog to comfortably lift the dumbbell from the floor and carry it in the mouth. With the help of a wooden dumbbell, service, police and military dogs are trained, it is also used in preparation for competitions and performances according to the IGP system (IPO, VPG or Schutzhund), French Ring Sport, Mondio Ring, Belgian Ring, K9 Pro Sports, KNPV, KMSH, NVBK.

Dimensions: 16-12 cm (250g). 18 13 cm (400g), 19 12 cm (650g), 23 13 cm (1000g)

Weight: 250 grams, 400 grams, 650 grams, 1000 grams

Aporting item for dog training

Aporting item for dogs

Pulling is not just a stick game, but a complex skill included in the compulsory training course. Most dogs learn the command quickly and without any problems. And those owners who claim the opposite. did not exert enough patience or did not have knowledge of how to teach a dog the command “Aport”.

Teaching a dog to carry a thing

Now that the dog has learned to take the thing without any problems, it is necessary to teach it to move around with the thing in its teeth. Give the dog an object, command “Near” and walk 5-6 steps. Then stop, grab the object and say “Give.” Praise and give a treat.

If the dog spits out the object after you command “Near”, don’t get angry. it is difficult for the dog to do 2 things at the same time. Stop, order her to sit, and repeat the procedure described. If, after numerous repetitions, the dog still does the wrong thing. do not say the command “Near”, but give him an object and just quietly pull the leash behind you. Subsequently, make sure that he still learns to move on the command “Near”.

Remember that raising a dog comes first, and only then such serious skills as this.

  • the dog is near the owner;
  • a figurant passes by, he can wave his arms, make small attacks towards the owner, speak loudly;
  • the owner pronounces “stranger” in a low but clear voice;
  • as soon as the shepherd begins to bark, growl and prepare for an attack, the defendant leaves, and the pet is encouraged by praise.

Important! It is worth working out “stranger” with dogs that have reached the age of one and a half years, when the psyche is fully formed.

The algorithm for teaching the shepherd dog to other commands is as follows:

  • “Sit”. the puppy stands in front of the owner, in whose hand a treat is clamped. The owner holds his hand with the treat above the dog’s head, while simultaneously pressing the puppy’s croup with his other hand and says “sit”.
  • “Lying down” is performed by the dog from a sitting position. The owner holds a hand with a treat clamped in it in front of the dog’s muzzle forward and down to the ground. Actions are accompanied by a single utterance of the command word.
  • “Nearby”. the puppy is led on a leash so that the front part of its body is on the same mowing line with the owner’s leg, and when the owner stops, the dog must sit down. Attempts to move away from the owner are stopped by a jerk of the leash, and correct execution is encouraged.
READ  How many months can puppies be fed?

Important! Working out basic exercises begins with 1-3 repetitions, over time, their number increases. The main thing is to finish classes before the puppy gets tired, then he will not lose interest in training.

The puppy should not be taught the command “voice” from early childhood, since the really important skills have not yet been mastered and the waste of strength and energy on this training will take away a lot of strength from the baby.

The practice of this command should begin only after the pet begins to flawlessly perform the basic ones. It is advisable to conduct training on a training ground, with the participation of an experienced dog handler and a figurant, to whom the aggression will be directed. The learning algorithm for the “fas” command is as follows:

  • the dog is next to the owner;
  • the igurant passes several times in the immediate vicinity of the shepherd dog, causing her aggression (while waving his hands is allowed);
  • as soon as the pet begins to react negatively to the person involved, the owner says “fas”;
  • the helper runs away, and the dog receives praise and a treat.

Important! Only dogs with a stable psyche can be trained so as not to provoke the manifestation of unmotivated aggression.

Rules and algorithm of training: how to teach a German shepherd to the commands “fas”, “alien”, “voice

The German Shepherd is a service dog whose main characteristics are a high level of intelligence and human orientation. Thanks to this, it will not be difficult to train a pet in commands, even for those who have not been involved in dog training before.

Are they well trained?

The German Shepherd is an intelligent and quick-witted dog. She easily and willingly learns, quickly memorizing new commands and is ready to do everything in order to please her master.

But at the same time, temperament inherent in the representatives of this breed, and, at times, stubbornness, may not have the best effect on the learning process.

Especially when the puppy is still small: he is often distracted and, if he doesn’t like something, he may refuse to execute the command.

In order for a pet to take training seriously, you need to interest him. To do this, you need to use a playful method and encouragement with a treat.

For more information about the character traits of the German Shepherd, read.

How to teach basic commands


The treat should be raised above the puppy’s head and said “Sit!” The shepherd will reach for him and sit down.

The hand with the treat goes down and a little forward, after which “Lie down!” Is pronounced. The kid, reaching for him, will lie down.

Reflex types

Reflexes of dogs are divided into two large groups: unconditioned, which are inherent in all animals from birth and conditioned, developed in the process of training.

Unconditioned reflexes help dogs survive.

They work regardless of the wishes of the pet itself or its owner.

Unconditioned reflexes, in turn, can be divided into several more categories:

  • Defensive. In the wild, it is necessary for the self-protection of the animal. Is active and passive.
  • Food grade. Thanks to him, the dog feels the need for food. It is he who, in the main, is used when teaching an animal.
  • Sexual. It interferes more with training: males, seeing a bitch in heat, are distracted and may even run away, chasing her.
  • Indicative. The animal’s reaction to what it first encounters in life.

In addition to them, there are many other unconditioned reflexes, such as gregarious or maternal.

Conditioned ones are acquired by a shepherd dog throughout its life, moreover, the main goal of any education and training is precisely the development of conditioned reflexes that make it possible to use the dog in service and form its correct behavior.

Conditioned reflexes are divided into natural and artificial. Natural ones are produced by themselves: for example, a dog’s reaction to the smell of a favorite treat can be attributed to them. Artificial conditioned reflexes are developed in the process of raising and training a pet.


The “Aport” command is best practiced in the gameplay with a ball, toy or other familiar object.

First you need to seat the trainee with the order “Sit!”.

Next, you need to interest the puppy in the toy, and when he tries to grab it or pick it up, throw it back and say “Aport!” With this gesture, show with your hand to the side.

Train ANY Dog How To Play Fetch PERFECTLY

After the dog picks up the item, you need to thank him with a treat. Further, the technique can be complicated by training the pet to bring the thrown back object.

How to teach guard duty

It is necessary to train a shepherd dog according to the course of the protective guard service only after the pet learns to perfectly execute the commands “Come to me!”, “Fu!” and “Near!”.

It is not recommended to conduct such classes on your own, since it is very easy to embitter a dog or intimidate it, which will greatly complicate its further service use and can even ruin the psyche.

Therefore, it is necessary to take care of finding a suitable dog handler who will teach the shepherd the basics of protective guard service.

The age of the dog by the beginning of special training must be at least 1.5 years.

“You can’t!”

Pronounced in a stern voice when the dog does something illegal.