home Article How to teach your German Shepherd the Aport command

How to teach your German Shepherd the Aport command

The benefits of self-training

Of course, you can entrust the training of your pet to an experienced dog handler, which will save time and allow you to achieve an excellent result. But self-training is important for:

  • establishing emotional contact with a pet;
  • asserting his leadership in the “man-dog” tandem;
  • identification and study of positive and negative character traits;
  • finding out the main motivator. food, emotional, play encouragement.

The trainer must know the basic element of the command. In grabbing, it is holding an object in the mouth and the ability to pick it up from the ground. In the process of training, the owner also learns. He learns to act gently, but persistently, to notice the manifestations of the pet’s emotions. Self-training allows you to create your own “language” and establish a connection that enables the animal to understand the owner perfectly. Training disciplines not only the dog, but also its owner.

Teaching the Aport command is very important for service and hunting dogs. But it is equally important for companion dogs, both for maintaining physical fitness and for developing intelligence.

teach, german, shepherd, aport, command

Aport is a command to the dog

Aporting item 650 g

The “Good Soldier” dumbbell for dogs is a versatile wooden dumbbell that makes training more comfortable and effective. The dumbbell is made of natural dried wood, it is strong and durable, its weight is 650 grams. The aporting object is used in free games, in the study of basic commands and in practicing the skills of the aport. The shape of the dumbbell allows the dog to comfortably lift the dumbbell from the floor and carry it in the mouth. With the help of a wooden dumbbell, service, police and military dogs are trained, it is also used in preparation for competitions and performances according to the IGP system (IPO, VPG or Schutzhund), French Ring Sport, Mondio Ring, Belgian Ring, K9 Pro Sports, KNPV, KMSH, NVBK.

Dimensions: 16-12 cm (250g). 18 13 cm (400g), 19 12 cm (650g), 23 13 cm (1000g)

Weight: 250 grams, 400 grams, 650 grams, 1000 grams

Aports for dog training

Aporting item for dogs

Picking up is not just a stick game, but a complex skill included in the compulsory training course. Most dogs learn the command quickly and without any problems. And those owners who claim the opposite. did not exert enough patience or did not have knowledge of how to teach a dog the command “Aport”.

General recommendations

The trainer must take into account the temperament, learning ability, natural instincts of the dog. Classes should be held regularly and consistently. The coach should not show nervousness, aggression or inconsistency in violation of his requirements.

Depending on the size and muscle strength of the animal, the training period should be at least an hour. In the first 30 minutes, the dog is interested, longs for delicacies. In the second half, he gets tired, distracted, and jaded. The trainer must keep the animal working, making it clear that he needs to execute the command, if he doesn’t even want to.

Do not confuse physical abuse and physical punishment. The impact is made with an even mood, without irritation and screaming. The trainer corrects the execution of the command by pulling the leash, jerking or pressing the hands, rather than striking.

In between learning, periods of active rest are needed, when the owner praises for the lesson completed, plays with the pet to maintain physical activity, create a lasting emotional state and prevent mental overload.

Teaching a dog to carry a thing

Now that the dog has learned to take the thing without any problems, it is necessary to teach it to move around with the thing in its teeth. Give the dog an object, command “Near” and walk 5-6 steps. Then stop, grab the object and say “Give.” Praise and give a treat.

If the dog spits out the object after you command “Near”, don’t get angry. it is difficult for the dog to do 2 things at the same time. Stop, order her to sit, and repeat the procedure described. If, after numerous repetitions, the dog still does the wrong thing. do not say the command “Near”, but give him an object and just quietly pull the leash along. Subsequently, make sure that he still learns to move on the command “Near”.


When the dog begins to confidently pick up the thing from the ground, it is necessary to teach him not to dash off without a command. Put the dog in, throw the object, but do not say “Aport” right away, but wait a couple of seconds. If the dog gets off the ground, use the leash to bring it back and order it to sit down. Then command “Aport“, point your hand in the direction of the object and move towards it. Repeat the exercise.

When your dog is good at the exercise, send him after the apparatus and stay behind him. When the dog has picked up the item, say “To me” and then “Beside”. Wait for the dog to sit on your left and pick up the item. Now praise her and encourage her.

Gradually cancel the intermediate commands “To me”, “Next”, “Give”, the dog must correctly do the whole complex of exercises on one command. “Aport“.

Aport Team: Tips

  • Dogs do not like to take objects covered with feathers or long fur in their mouths, so you should not use such things when training.
  • During training, repeat each of the exercises 3-4 times, after which be sure to take a break for 5-10 minutes.
  • Do not proceed to the next stage of training if the dog has not learned to do the current well.
  • Keep your dog on the leash until he learns to follow the command on the leash.
  • Use different objects and different training locations to hone your skill and get the command done in all situations.

Additional commands

In addition to the main ones, there are also additional teams, the training of which is carried out at the request of the owner.

  • “Lie down!”;
  • “Give your paw!”;
  • “vote!”;
  • “port!”;
  • “give!”.

In most cases it is trained by the German Shepherd or other guard dog breeds.

“To me!” and “Near!”

Teach the puppy the command “Come to me!” not that difficult. It belongs to the so-called “basic” tasks. Every time you go for a walk with your pet, you must first call its nickname, after which adding the word “To me”. Over time, the same word should be used when suggesting a favorite treat.

Dogs of all breeds are able to perfectly recognize the mood of the owner and his intonation, therefore they can very quickly get used to fulfilling the requirements.

Dogs of all breeds are able to perfectly recognize the mood of the owner and his intonation, so they can very quickly get used to fulfilling the requirements. If the dog is following the command correctly, it should be praised and encouraged.

Teach the puppy the command “Near!” a little more complicated. It is a kind of counteraction to an external stimulus. During the movement, the pet should be near the owner’s left leg.

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First, the training of the puppy is carried out on a leash, because in nature dogs have no innate discipline, so if they feel freedom, they will definitely use it.

The word “Near!” over time will help drown out existing instincts. In this case, it is best to use coercion in the form of yanking the leash. When the pet begins to move away from the owner, you need to make a slightly painful tension on the leash. After returning the puppy to the leg, the discomfort will disappear. It is at this moment that you need to gently say “Near!”, Lightly stroking the pet.

If trained correctly, the dog in the future will walk near the owner without a leash. Too often pull on the leash is not worth it, as the animal will subconsciously begin to pull the trainer along, thus, trying to avoid pain.

Commands “Lie down!” and “Give your paw!”

Start teaching the command “Lie down!” is needed after the pet has mastered the previous tasks. Most trainers use a rewarding method for this. A German Shepherd or a dog of another breed must be kept on a short leash. Then the pet is shown a favorite treat, slowly lowering it down and away from the animal’s nose. At this moment, the command “Lie down!” Is repeated.

Teaching a dog to give a paw is also quite easy, especially if you need to train a shepherd.

You can also get the German Shepherd to complete the task by pressing on the back and lightly pulling the front paws. Thus, the pet will take the necessary position in which it must be held for ten seconds. Then the shepherd can get a treat.

Teaching a dog to give a paw is also quite easy, especially if you need to train a shepherd dog. Work on the assignment begins after learning the basic commands. This process is also carried out through an incentive method.

“Sit!” and “Fu!”

You can teach your puppy to sit with your favorite treat and leash. When the pet is on a short leash, it needs to be offered a treat. The dog is allowed to sniff the food offered. In this case, you need to clearly pronounce the command.

Then the treat is slowly raised above the puppy’s head and led to the tail. As soon as he sits down, trying to get the desired piece, the student can be treated and praised. Such manipulations must be carried out until the pet realizes what is being sought from him.

There is another way to teach how to sit. To do this, you need to turn to the pet half-turned and slightly press on the sacrum, forcing him to sit down. Over time, gestures can be dispensed with. When the student begins to execute the command from any position, will sit down by gesture and demand, the skill can be considered fixed.

Teaching the team “Fu!” must be done with the attachment of a negative sensation. This can be, for example, a snatch of the leash. The demand is pronounced with a threatening intonation so that it is fulfilled unquestioningly. To train the command at a certain distance, many trainers use a water pistol or a weak shocker built into modern collars.

Having learned this task, it is necessary to teach the pet not to take food from strangers and not to pick it up from the ground. To do this, the food is scattered on the floor, and the pet is guided past it. Every attempt to take food must be abruptly stopped. In the same way, training is carried out not to take food from strangers. Very often these skills save a dog’s life.

Basic command training

Among the tasks that dogs can learn, there are basic and additional.

  • “to me!”;
  • “Fu!”;
  • “sit!”;
  • “nearby!”.

“Voice!”, “Aport!” and “Give!”

Each shepherd, like a dog of another guard breed, must be taught the command “Voice!” To do this, you need to position the pet in front of you, stepping on the leash with your foot. It is worth paying attention to what the shepherd dog barks most often: at an unusual sound, toy or some object. It is this thing that will have to be used as a pathogen, not forgetting to encourage the pet. This command can be given with a gesture.

Many owners want their pet to be able to bring various items and follow the trail. These tasks can be taught not only to a shepherd dog, but also to a representative of another breed. Team “Aport!” traditionally reinforced by a gesture: it is necessary to straighten the right hand so that the palm is directed downward and points to the object that needs to be brought. It is best to use a round and smooth wooden stick for training. If you need to teach this trick to a hunting dog, you should use a soft toe in the shape of a bird carcass as an object.

The dog is seated near the left leg and teased slightly with the chosen object. When the pet wants to grab the irritant with its teeth, you need to give it to say “Aport!” and allow to pick it up. When the object is in the teeth, the student can be treated with a treat and praised for completing the assignment.

After processing the command, you can safely start teaching the Dai command!

After working out the command, you can safely start learning the problem “Give!”. To do this, you need to call the pet to you, give a command and pick up the object from the mouth. During this it is worth using encouragement and praise. Gradually, the command can be complicated by teaching the animal not only to give the object, but also to search for it. To do this, first throw the object, then wait a couple of seconds, after which they say the command.

The first steps in the training process

The puppy can be trained from four to six months of age. Undoubtedly, the easiest option would be to attend special OKD courses for the animals, where experienced trainers know exactly how to train the dog for all commands. Many owners decide to start learning on their own.

Before starting classes, you need to study all the commands for dogs and, of course, be patient. For a puppy, you need to purchase a leash, a soft collar, as well as various promotional treats that your pet likes. These can be pieces of meat, croutons, or dry food.

How to Train your German Shepherd Puppy to Attack on Command? Effective Training Tips

Then it is worth choosing the right place where the training will be held. It is best to go to a quiet and secluded area, as it is almost impossible to train a dog in crowded places.

Training near playgrounds and highways is strictly prohibited.

To teach the puppy commands, after correctly completed tasks, he needs to be given encouragement. Commands for dogs should be pronounced loudly and clearly, and words should be supported by appropriate gestures. You should not raise your voice to the pet, because he must learn to respond to the confident and calm voice of the owner.

How to teach a dog commands: training features

The appearance of a small puppy in the house is always a great joy. However, a new family member can be a lot of hassle, especially if you don’t teach him how to do all the necessary commands.

Inexperienced dog breeders often complain about the puppy’s inability to complete even the simplest tasks.

Almost every owner sooner or later faces the question: how to teach the dog commands?
Inexperienced dog breeders often complain about the puppy’s inability to complete even the simplest tasks. In fact, all dogs can be trained in commands, because these animals are very intelligent and quick-witted. It’s just that you need to find your own approach to each student.

We complicate the command “Sit” and bring it to the standard

Usually a couple of repetitions are enough for the pet to start sitting down without mechanical impact from you. As soon as it was possible to teach the puppy to the command “Sit”, it is necessary to increase the intervals between the execution of the command and the reward, bringing it gradually to 5 seconds (if you are working with the puppy, then you do not need a longer exposure at the moment). If the dog jumps up before giving the treat, repeat the command again and sit down. When the dog begins to sit down on command and patiently wait for treats for 5 seconds, your hands will be free and you can begin to accompany the voice command with a gesture. The gesture to the command “Sit” is the right hand raised to ear level, palm forward.

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Simultaneously with the introduction of the gesture, increase the distance of the command up to 2-3 meters and the shutter speed up to 7-8 seconds. Do not forget, the puppy should never get up by himself, let him go with the command “Walk”.

Give the command “Sit” 4-5 times each walk. Sometimes, after giving a command, start stroking the puppy or pretend to examine the collar. This is to show the dog that you are forcing him to sit down for a reason. After completing the inspection, give the treat and release the dog with the “Walk” command. Be sure to give the Sit command before serving the food bowl. Make the puppy sit down, put the bowl down (don’t let him jump up) and let him start eating by commanding “Yes”.

When your pet is 4 months old and it will accurately execute the command “Sit” at a short distance, start gradually increasing the distance and exposure. It is advisable to reach the standard indicators by 8 months. the execution of the command from the first serve, from a distance of up to 15 meters, with a shutter speed of up to 15 seconds. However, in the process of training, do not stop sitting the pet for short distances of 2-5 meters. If you are working with the dog at the maximum distance, then you should not shout from the other end of the field, letting go of the command “Walk”. Approach the pet yourself, encourage it and then release it.

Teaching Your Dog to Sit Command

After acquiring a pet, the first thing most owners ask themselves is how to teach the dog the Sit command? Usually puppy training for this command begins at the age of 3 months. The command “Sit” is worked out in a contrasting method, that is, both compulsion and encouragement are important. The pressure of the hand on the sacrum of the dog is used as compulsion, praise and delicacy are used as an encouragement.

You can train the dog to sit command both at home and on the street. The main thing is that the place is calm (the dog should not be distracted by extraneous sounds) and clean (you understand, to sit in the mud, few people will like it).

Walk up to the dog and, if you need to get attention, call it by name. Then say “Sit!” and sit the dog down by gently pressing on his sacrum (butt) and placing a hand with a tasty morsel over his head. When the pet sits down, encourage it and, after a few seconds, release it by giving the command “Take a walk”. Repeat the exercise several times at intervals of 3-5 minutes.

If the dog is on a leash, then you can, while seating it, put pressure on its bottom with one hand, and pull the leash back and up a little with the other. Usually a leash is useful when you need to teach the Sit command to an adult dog that has not been trained at a young age and is not familiar with the discipline. If you have a puppy, it is better to practice the command without a leash.

Execution of the command “Sit” in a difficult environment

Even if your dog does a great job in a quiet environment, you should start over, gradually increasing distance and endurance. It is desirable to achieve a clear fulfillment of the command according to the standard and in a difficult environment by the age of 9-10 months. The dog must perform the Sit command several times a day throughout its life.

Reflex types

Reflexes of dogs are divided into two large groups: unconditioned, which are inherent in all animals from birth and conditioned, developed in the process of training.

Unconditioned reflexes help dogs survive.

They work regardless of the wishes of the pet itself or its owner.

Unconditioned reflexes, in turn, can be divided into several more categories:

  • Defensive. In the wild, it is necessary for the self-protection of the animal. Is active and passive.
  • Food grade. Thanks to him, the dog feels the need for food. It is he who, in the main, is used when teaching an animal.
  • Sexual. It interferes more with training: males, seeing a bitch in heat, are distracted and may even run away, chasing her.
  • Indicative. The animal’s reaction to what it first encounters in life.

In addition to them, there are many other unconditioned reflexes, such as gregarious or maternal.

Conditioned ones are acquired by a shepherd dog throughout its life, moreover, the main goal of any education and training is precisely the development of conditioned reflexes that make it possible to use the dog in service and form its correct behavior.

Conditioned reflexes are divided into natural and artificial. Natural ones are produced by themselves: for example, a dog’s reaction to the smell of a favorite treat can be attributed to them. Artificial conditioned reflexes are developed in the process of raising and training a pet.

Basic rules of education

When training a German Shepherd, you need to follow certain rules:

  • The dog is taught the simpler commands first and only later moves on to the more difficult ones.
  • At the beginning of the training, it is recommended to reinforce any command with a nickname, which serves as a call to attention.
  • All commands, with the exception of forbidden ones, are pronounced in a neutral tone.
  • Commands should not be distorted: so, for example, it is impossible instead of “Come to me!” say “Come here!”
  • It is necessary to treat rewards and punishments reasonably: not to overuse them, but also not to ignore them.
  • During class, it is unacceptable to hit the dog or yell at it.
  • Commands during classes need to be alternated, and not constantly repeated the same.

Only one person should be engaged in training a shepherd dog, whom the dog trusts and who obeys unquestioningly.

“To me!”

A treat is shown to the puppy and the command “Come to me!” After the baby runs up, the owner praises him and gives him the treat.


First, the command itself is given, after which you need to tighten the leash so that the withers of the shepherd dog is near the left leg of its owner. Then the owner, together with his pet, begins to move in a straight line.

If the puppy runs ahead, lags behind the owner or breaks to the side, the command is repeated more strictly, after which the leash must be pulled sharply.

When teaching the dog commands, you need to dosed use of physical influence on the puppy.

Training scheme

Shepherd puppies usually leave for their new homes at the age of 1.5. 2 months.

In order for the baby to grow up smart and well-mannered, you need to immediately start teaching him, while experts recommend adhering to the following scheme:

  • 1.5-2 months. At this age, the puppy gets used to its nickname, and during the same period, the correct relationship between the pet and its owners is established. Also, the shepherd learns to maintain cleanliness in the house. Training for the commands “Place!” and “To me!”, but since the pet is still too small, it is not necessary to demand unquestioning obedience from him when performing them.
  • from 2 months to 4 months. The puppy is taught to perform the previously learned commands “Come to me!” and “Place!” In addition, the shepherd is trained to leash and collar. After the end of the quarantine, which falls in the middle of this period, you can walk the shepherd on the street, therefore, at the same age, the puppy is taught to behave on the street and do his business there, and not at home.
  • from 4 months to 6 months. The main emphasis is placed on such commands as “Near!”, “Lie down!”, “Sit!”, “Stand!” It is very important during this period to teach the growing shepherd dog endurance. Therefore, each command must be worked out so that after the pet fulfills it, he remains in this position until the owner tells him “Take a walk!”
  • From 6 months. You can start teaching a six-month-old shepherd dog such commands as “Fas!”, “Voice!”, “Aport!”, “Alien!” At this time, further socialization of the dog takes place, in particular, it continues to be taught the correct behavior in various situations.
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In no case should you anger your pet and set it on strangers.

Protective skills, including detention, the shepherd must learn in special courses on protective guard service.

How much does training cost?

Depending on the region. Special courses are more expensive, as is training to correct unwanted behavior.

A well-trained shepherd dog is distinguished by endurance and poise, and shows aggression only if necessary.

Such a dog will become not only a reliable guard and protector of the whole family, but also a pleasant and comfortable companion with whom it is pleasant to walk along the street.

A shepherd dog can be trained in any dog ​​profession, since, due to their versatility, intelligence and ingenuity, representatives of this breed are wonderfully trained in everything new.

But in order for the dog to grow up smart and balanced, the owner needs to educate and train the puppy from an early age.

Only in this case will the German Shepherd be able to fully show all its wonderful performance qualities and will never disappoint its owner.


The treat should be raised above the puppy’s head and said “Sit!” The shepherd will reach for him and sit down.

0 to 10 months. we care

If he is not even six months old, do not even think about starting training. During this period, you must:

  • take care of the baby,
  • walk with him,
  • play,
  • communicate,
  • and also allow him to contact other people.

If a six-month-old puppy loves everyone in a row, this is completely normal. At this age, the animal quickly adapts to the change of the pack, family. He easily weaned from the previous owners and easily gets used to new ones. This feature allows the puppy to quickly adapt to new living conditions. So far, it is absolutely pointless to demand a clear understanding of the words “our. Outsider”.

As a rule, most puppies are equally happy with all the people who play with them, communicate, walk, treat them. Goodwill is inherent in them by nature.

How to make a dog angry at strangers, teach to bark at strangers and work out the appropriate command?

Your pet loves everyone equally, welcomes any guests, including uninvited ones, and does not understand who. a stranger, and who is yours? Is it possible to ensure that he treats strangers differently from his master? How to teach a dog to command someone else’s and is it difficult to do it?

First of all, you should decide how old your dog is.

11 to 17 months. develop

If your dog is already one year old, this does not mean that he has become an adult. A one-year-old puppy by human standards is a teenager who has not yet matured mentally. He is just beginning to understand the world around him, people. During this period, it is possible and necessary to demand obedience from the dog, to perform various tasks (bring the ball, walk alongside, and others). But it is too early for him to know that the owner needs to be protected from strangers, that you can show aggression towards them, bark, bite, growl at them.

The puppy should not be afraid of strangers, should not expect any trick or trouble from them. He can simply observe people, analyze their behavior towards each other, towards the owner. This gives him the impression of how good people behave. And when, already in the second year of life, the dog begins to study, for example, the command “Fas!”, The trainer will demonstrate to him how bad people can behave (attack, swing a stick, shout loudly, wave his arms, etc.) as a result, the dog will understand how to distinguish a friend from an enemy, how the latter can be dangerous and how to treat him.

Some individuals wake up hunting instincts by the year, some do not. Both options are within the normal range and do not need adjustments. Your task: to teach the puppy obedience, instill in him self-confidence, develop physically through games, walks.

From 1.5 years. teach

If you want to make the dog angry at strangers, that is, teach it the command “Alien” and make it bark at strangers at your command, wait until it is one and a half years old. Training at an earlier age will get you nowhere. If she is already 18 months old or more, then you can start training.

The awakening of aggression in a small puppy, who is not yet able to perceive reality adequately, subsequently leads to uncontrollable, strong outbursts of anger that suddenly arise in the animal and can even be directed at the owner.

Training task. show the dog how to react to strangers. To successfully complete the command “Alien” means to teach the dog to bark at strangers at your command. If you want your pet not only to bark, but also to attack, then you will also have to work out the command “Fas”.

So, the dog must understand that he is a bad person who can harm the owner if he does not protect him. The easiest way to train at home.

Ask someone to knock on the door. Chances are, your pet will bark right away. If, simultaneously with a knock, you utter the word “stranger”, and then praise the dog for barking bravely at the door, she will understand that after this command it is necessary to bark at someone who is trying to violate the boundaries of its territory. Of course, this will not happen immediately and you will need some time to learn.

Then you can go to the street. Encourage someone your pet doesn’t know to simulate an attack on you when you walk. The “bandit” should just run up to you and start swinging something, show aggression, etc. In other words, he will need to provoke the dog to bark. If before that the owner gives a command, then the dog will gain a habit of reacting to suspicious passers-by in a certain way.

Of course, at the time of the staged attack, the dog must be on a leash. Otherwise, the attacker himself may become a victim. In addition, it is worth making sure that the owner can keep the escaping dog, which will do its best to put the insolent stranger to flight. If you are not confident in your abilities, do not risk your friend’s health.

In general, we do not recommend using this method of training, as it is very traumatic for people and not too humane in relation to the dog.

There is another training method that is more suitable for ordinary dog ​​owners who do not have any cynological experience. So, we need an assistant who will have to carefully sneak up to the dog from behind, grab and slightly pull the skin fold at the hind legs. The animal will react negatively to such shamelessness. At the same moment, the owner gives the command “Alien”. The risk of an assistant getting injured in this case is minimal (but, nevertheless, he is, so be as careful as possible).