How to Teach Commands to a German Shepherd Dog?
Learning to basic exercises should begin from the first day of the puppy’s stay in the house. To avoid difficulties, the pet owner should adhere to the following rules:
At the initial stage, classes are conducted in a calm atmosphere, the puppy should not be distracted from learning by surrounding factors. passers-by, cars, other animals and others.
It is allowed to give the dog a treat (small pieces of cheese, food or other food safe for the pet). this will be an incentive to perform the actions correctly.
Workouts are done before feeding, not after. A well-fed dog is more difficult to motivate to execute commands with a treat. To consolidate the skill, 12-15 repetitions in one lesson are enough, but they are carried out in several approaches, and not in a row.
The process of teaching the puppy to teams should alternate with games so that interest in the classes is not lost. If your pet does not live in a house, but in an aviary or kennel, then you need to take into account that he spends much more energy on activity than a domestic dog.
Important! Teaching a pet is much easier than retraining, so when practicing basic commands, you should achieve perfect execution every time and only then encourage your pet.
The earlier the training is started, the more impressive the result will be. You can start learning basic commands from the very first day the puppy is with the owner.
It is the impeccable execution of the basic commands that will help the owner avoid unpleasant situations (for example, the indignation of a passer-by, to whom the puppy ran up soiled his clothes) and will ensure the safety of the pet itself (in particular, the command “to me” will make the dog run up to the owner, and not go out onto the roadway).
The list of basic commands is small, but each of them should be executed by the dog without delay. The first thing that should be taught to a shepherd is the command “to me”. She is given by the owner when you need to call the pet.
To accustom to it, you should say “to me” when the dog is called for feeding, to pet or play with it, and so on. that is, the shepherd should know that after the approach will receive a pleasant reward. After the kafk dog came up and received praise, it was released with the word “walk”.
7 Best German Shepherd Puppy Training Tips | How to Train your German Shepherd puppy?
Important! You cannot punish the dog if it does not run up to the owner instantly, it is also forbidden to move independently towards the puppy. As soon as the pet comes up, he immediately needs to be praised and treated with a treat.
“Do not” and “Fu” are used by the owners to stop unwanted pet actions. It is better to practice them in a confined space or keeping the dog on a leash. In the first case, a dog committing an undesirable action is punished with a slight slap (for example, a rolled newspaper) and pronouncing, and in the second. with a sensitive jerk of the leash, while the action is accompanied by the command.
The owner needs to be consistent. he should not allow a dog at a young age to do things that would be prohibited for an adult pet.
How to teach a dog to command Fas? Dog handlers tips
From any funny and good-natured puppy, you can raise a dog that will turn into a formidable weapon. But you need to understand that it is necessary to develop mistrust and anger in a dog against the background of ideal obedience. Before you start learning the command: “Fas!”, You must definitely teach the dog the command: “Fu!”.
The ideal option would be to first study the OKD (basic training course), and only then the program of the protective guard service. At the genetic level, any dog has protective reflexes, but in some to a greater extent, and some dogs, on the contrary, are difficult to force to show aggression towards humans.
For example, any breed of shepherd quickly learns the command “Fas!” and willingly do it. And such breeds as Labrador, Husky, Newfoundland, even with an impressive appearance, do not want to show malice towards a person. If you are still determined to teach your dog the FAS command, then the recommendations of professional trainers will help you.
To train this command, you will need:
- brave helper;
- special thick suit or oversleeve;
- a large, sturdy rag;
- strong rod.
Algorithm for teaching the dog FAS command
What you need to remember to properly teach your dog FAS command?
An important condition for training a FAC team is compliance with the following requirements. The helper should be chosen from persons unfamiliar to the dog or from those unfamiliar. This should be a neutral person, that is, if you choose a neighbor on the porch, whom the dog already dislikes, then it will be wrong.
The trainer should not communicate with the helper with the dog; in general, they should appear at the training site at the same time. If the dog sees how the handler and the assistant are talking and laughing sweetly, and then the scene with the attack begins, he will not understand what they want from her. The helper should not hurt the dog, but only irritate it and deliver unpleasant, but mild painful sensations.
If the attack turns into a beating of the dog, then it may become frightened and show a passive-defensive reaction instead of attack. Such a reflex will be fixed in her, and she will always, at best, passively defend, and not attack. The assistant, however, like the trainer, must be adequate adults. It is unacceptable to involve children or adolescents in this process.
After practicing for a couple of days with a rag, you can move on to grab the assistant’s hand, protected by a training sleeve or a special suit. In the future, the team is further complicated by involving several assistants at the same time. The dog must invariably achieve success and put the helpers to flight, this is a very important moment for the successful mastering of the command.
One of the common methods that allow the animal to quickly master the command of attack is the following: the dog is next to its owner on a soft leash, executing the command “near”. The helper, who is in the shelter, comes out and begins to slowly move towards the owner and the dog, tapping something on the ground, and in every possible way provoking the dog. At the same time, the owner repeats the word “stranger”, teasing the dog. If the animal behaves aggressively, the owner praises him with words. The assistant, when a few steps remain before the dog, turns around and tries to run away. At the same time, the trainer releases the dog from the leash, loudly and clearly giving the command “face”. The dog rushes in pursuit of the assistant, and as soon as it overtakes and attacks him, it must be immediately recalled. By repeating this exercise, you can easily achieve the goal of quickly teaching the dog the FAC command, and the effect is noticeable after the first day of training using this technique.
If your dog itself is aggressive, then another way of training the front team is suitable. provocation with food or a favorite toy. The essence of the method is as follows: the dog is fixed on a leash, and either its bowl of food is placed in front of it, or a favorite toy is placed. The assistant, passing by, pretends that now he will take away food or a toy. The dog naturally begins to defend its property by reacting aggressively. At this moment, the trainer must clearly pronounce the command “face”, and several times in a row. This method works well with closed, angry animals that are aggressive on their own, or due to the prevailing life circumstances. How to train a dog for the front team using this method is the choice of each specific owner. You can get the dog to simply follow the command, or you can suppress its natural aggressiveness by learning to fully control your pet.
How to train your dog to command fas?
When purchasing a dog, any of us wants his pet to be smart and obedient, and also to carry out all the basic commands of the owner. And if it is impossible to influence the mental abilities of the animal, then obedience and execution of commands is achieved through training. One of the first things everyone strives to focus their attention on is teaching the fas team. But it is worth knowing that the instruction to attack does not apply to basic, but to special commands. First of all, your pet needs to undergo a general training course with an instructor, and only then ask yourself how to teach a dog the fas command.
What you need to know before teaching your dog the fas command?
As soon as the puppy arrives at your home, you should behave so that the dog understands which of you is the master, and correctly builds a hierarchy for itself in the house. At about the age of 2 months, your pet is already quite ready to learn basic commands such as “sit”, “lie down”, “next to”, “to me”, “voice” and, of course, “fu!” The dog learns these signals quite quickly.
Now, if you have decided that this is necessary, you can start learning the order to attack. Fas is a command to the dog, according to which it must attack another person, be it an aggressive passer-by, or an intruder entering your house. And here it is important to remember: training the dog to command the face is completely your decision, and in the future only you, and no one else, are responsible for the consequences of your dog’s aggression.
If you are thinking about the question of how to teach a puppy to the fas team, then the best option for teaching this team would be to work with a professional dog handler. After the general course of training (OKD), the instructor will help you train your dog in the FAC command. It is quite problematic to do this alone, you still have to resort to the help of a partner.
The basic technique of teaching the fas team
How to train a dog to command fas? The owner must be 100% sure of the obedience of his pet, because besides the question “how to teach the dog to command the fas”, one must not forget that the owner must be able to stop the animal’s attack at any time. And if you are not sure of mastering the commands “fu” and “to me”, then it is better to first work out these commands to perfection.
The very first lesson should be held in a place that is familiar to your pet. In addition, you should take care of the absence of extraneous noises and annoying sounds. if we teach the dog to command the face, this will distract the dog from work. The training site should have a shelter for the helper, and a tree to which the dog can be securely tied (any well-fixed object will do instead of a tree).
Before the arrival of the trainer with the dog, the assistant hides behind a shelter and puts on a protective sleeve. In his hands he should have a rag and a rod with which he will provoke the animal. At the command of the trainer, the assistant leaves the hiding place, tapping the ground with a rod, which attracts the dog’s attention. He waves a rag, angering the dog, and when the animal shows aggression, the trainer speaks the command loudly and clearly. When the command is given face, and the animal is behaving aggressively, the handler should reward the dog with the words “good” or “well done”, depending on the habits of the particular dog.
The helper should strike lightly with a bar along the body of the animal, making the dog even more angry. When the dog tries to attack the cane, a rag is substituted for it. over, the assistant should pull it towards himself, as if trying to take it away from the dog. At the same time, the trainer should encourage the animal with exclamations “good” and periodically repeat the command “face”. After a few minutes of fighting, the helper should run away, and the trainer should praise the dog with stroking and voice. This exercise is repeated several times, helping both to teach the dog to command the fas, and to awaken its natural aggressiveness.
It should be remembered that the assistant should not hit too hard with the cane. this can cause a reverse reaction. the animal will be frightened and will not follow the commands, trying to hide as soon as possible. The consequence of such an error may be that the dog’s reaction to the front command will be inadequate, and it will be very, very difficult to change this.!
Another serious mistake in this method of training is the participation in the training of the same assistant all the time. This approach can develop aggression against a specific person. You should also change the helper’s clothes so that the dog does not get used to one color or style, as this can also cause an attack on a random person in the future.
Other ways to teach the fas team
There are several other ways to teach your dog FAC. Of course, service breeds are trained much faster than others, and such dogs as a shepherd or a Doberman will not be difficult to train to attack a person. this is in their genes. For example, for a dog like a German shepherd, the fas command is very easy. in just a few sessions you will see the desired result.
It will be more difficult with calmer and more peaceful breeds, such as a Labrador or Spaniel, however, these good-natured animals can be taught the basics of aggressive behavior. To the question of how to teach a Labrador the FAC command, the answer is simple. only by training, and nothing else. Even the kindest and most calm dog lends itself to training, which means that only a good trainer and patience are needed. the process can be quite long.
Let’s consider three more ways that will help owners of four-legged guards quickly and effectively teach any dog to attack commands.
The third way of teaching the dog to execute the command “face” is a method that allows you to teach the dog to guard the house or yard even when the owner is not around. In this case, the training of dogs for the FAC team is as follows: the dog is in the yard, and the assistant makes noise behind the fence, attracting the dog’s attention and provoking it to a response. When the dog begins to bark and show aggression, the owner in the yard praises the dog with words.
The assistant can also slip a jacket or rag into the open gate to further anger the animal. After no more than 4-5 minutes of such training, the dog is taken on a leash and taken outside the fence, where the assistant attempts to escape. At this moment, the trainer lowers the dog, while loudly and clearly commands “face”. The dog starts chasing and attacks the helper. At the very first bites, the dog should be withdrawn, and this exercise should be repeated until the dog obeys unquestioningly. This method is well suited for all service dog breeds. the question of how to teach the German Shepherd to command the fas is solved by this method quickly and efficiently.
What you need to remember?
I. How much to practice refusing to eat? Practice refusing food 2 times a week for a month. This is enough.
How to teach your dog to stop taking food from strangers?
Thousands of dogs die at the hands of doghunters and just ill-wishers. How to teach a dog not to take food from strangers and not become a victim of a person who will either poison the animal or simply steal it? How to train your dog to eat from one hand?
The last question contains the answer: from the very moment it appears in the house, a puppy (or an adult dog) should eat exclusively from the owner’s hands. Only as an exception, the trainer will give a treat if you go to a training group, and even then, only at the very beginning to demonstrate a particular team. Only one owner should feed and give goodies.!
German Shepherd training and education
Take the dog on a leash, pull it slightly. At this moment, have the assistant come around the corner and walk towards you with a springy threatening step, sometimes freezing in a tense position. His gait should be different from normal. The dog will concentrate on it, some will start barking already at this stage. Walk a little forward with the dog, give the command “Voice”. The helper must be attentive. when the dog barks, he immediately turns around and runs away from you. And you praise your pet hard.
Do at least five repetitions. Each time, the dog will begin to behave more confidently, and its barking will be louder and more formidable.
The next command is “Stop!”. It is needed to stop barking. Having gone into a rage, it can be difficult for a dog to stop, it can even try to chase a person, but this should not be allowed. After the helper has disappeared from the field of view, pull the dog to you with a leash, say “Stop”, clamp his jaw to physically stop barking. Additionally, you can sit the dog down to calm it down.
After a couple of weeks of training, take an exam. Ask another person to help, check the execution of the “Voice” command. In the future, every few weeks, involve friends to maintain the skill.
A dog handler I know told me a story about a dog that protected its owner in a dangerous situation. It was in the Middle East, the girl came with her Belgian Shepherd to the seminar and during a walk a couple of people became attached to her, began to pester her and tried to push her into the car. The dog swooped in like a hurricane and instantly dealt with both attackers, frightening them very much.
But this is still an exception to the rule and you do not need to rely on a dog as an ideal protector. You can always stumble upon a person who knows how to handle dogs and your dog cannot do anything with him.
Teaching a dog to bark at strangers is not at all difficult, the biggest difficulty you will have will be finding a good helper who will perfectly fulfill his role. It is on him that 50% of success depends. Good luck with your training, and if you are not at all successful, then contact a professional instructor.
How to wean a dog from taking food from strangers?
That is, refusal to eat should be encouraged even in the case of aggressive behavior of the dog. If she rushes to the assistant for the offered food. for such aggression it is better, instead of a delicacy, to give a not very strict, prohibiting command “fu”. Thanks to the persistent actions of the owner, the dog will understand that there is no need to react to the proposed treat with an attack. Owners of serious breeds, designed to protect the owner and guard, should encourage aggressive behavior of the pet in response to a treat offered by a stranger.
If the dog is not aggressive
There are animals that do not show malice towards a stranger in any way. In such situations, it is necessary to compromise and use heavy artillery. Here are some ways:
- the assistant “attacks” the owner;
- the assistant imitates taking the food from the owner, which is intended for the dog;
- during the “attack” the ill-wisher inflicts light blows on the animal.
It is important not to overdo it with physical violence: the animal develops malice, not cowardice. Therefore, strikes should not be strong or inflicting severe pain. they should only inflame aggression and active defense.
It is for this reason that the helper must be experienced and carefully monitor the behavior of the student, and if necessary, retreat in time so as not to overwhelm the dog. The dog should always be the “winner”!
Naturally, at the moment of manifestation of any kind of alertness or malice, they pronounce the command “Alien” and encourage the animal in a convenient way (weasel, encouraging words, delicacy). It is advisable not to abuse gustatory encouragement.
After a while, the animal develops an active defense, it becomes distrustful of any stranger and is no longer afraid of blows.
Mistakes always lead to undesirable and unexpected results. improper training will lead to excessive aggression, and the imposition of malice on natural cowardice can cost the life of the owner or others.
- Defense training begins after six months of age (the later, the better). Until this moment, the pet must live and grow exclusively in friendly conditions.
- Only strangers are attracted to assistants. By the way, the assistant in each lesson should be different, otherwise an active-defensive reaction will be developed exclusively against a specific person.
- During work, the animal is not released from the leash and is not allowed to attack the ill-wisher.
- Training is carried out only after mastering the basic disciplining commands: “Sit”, “To me”, “Fu”, “Beside”, etc.
- You can not apply punishment in the absence of correct actions, otherwise the animal will be even more afraid.
- Also, do not punish your pet if he continues to show good nature to the first comer. At such moments, the puppy is distracted, and people are forbidden to make any contact with the baby.
With the right approach, the “Alien” command can be useful in everyday life: it will not give an opportunity to steal an animal, and growling can scare the intruder, which will ultimately protect the owner from attack.
This is an easy skill. It is trained on the basis of the instinctive guarding behavior that is present in all dogs. And the more the dog is distrustful of strangers, the faster the training will go.
In this article, we will focus specifically on learning to bark at strangers, we will not touch on attack and defense, this is a completely different topic.
Even a peaceful dog can be taught to bark threateningly, they usually like the barking process.
A dog, although inclined to protect its owner, of course, cannot be considered a full-fledged bodyguard. However, a large breed only by its appearance and loud barking is able to scare away an unpleasant passer-by.
It is more convenient to first teach the dog the “Voice” command without the participation of outsiders. Tease with a treat or toy until the dog starts barking. Give the command and praise at the same time when the dog barks.
Get an assistant. Better than someone the dog doesn’t know well or hasn’t seen before.
Scheme of work
Teaching a dog the command “Alien” is possible only with the assistance of assistants. It is important that they are not family members or close friends.
It is best that the classes are conducted by an experienced instructor who will preliminarily determine the type of nervous activity of the dog and generally understand whether it is worth engaging in developing malice with a specific animal or not.
First of all, even before purposeful training, it is necessary to ensure that the animal does not contact from infancy, and even more so does not play with strangers. To do this, it is necessary to prohibit all friends and acquaintances from communicating with the pet, moreover, they must ignore the presence of the puppy. All attempts to eat up are warned by a weak pull on the leash and a warning command “Alien”.
Upon reaching the required age and subject to impeccable obedience to other teams, you can start classes to develop malice, distrust and alertness towards strangers.
For this, assistants are involved, who are supplied with special protective equipment. The first sessions are conducted in a quiet, familiar environment without distractions.
- The animal is kept on a short leash.
- The helper approaches the standing ones and by any action shows aggression: waving his hands or a stick, while actively showing that he is afraid of the dog.
- At the same time, while continuing to keep the dog on the chain, they say the command “Alien”. It is very important to convey to the animal about the existing threat by intonation.
- If the pet shows any kind of hostility (growl, barking, or the dog will start throwing itself at the “stranger”), repeat the command again and encourage the pet treat.
After a time, when the animal completely calms down and comes to its senses, the exercise is repeated. Lessons cannot be taught more often than two or three times in one lesson.
To successfully train your pet and get satisfactory results, you need to establish psychological contact. If the dog has a strong feeling of affection for the owner, he will be able to concentrate his attention on him, and will more quickly perceive information and remember his actions.
A close emotional connection will also contribute to the fact that the pet will be ready to protect the owner without preliminary training, but it is still better that this process is controlled.
Is it possible to teach the command “Fas!” on my own?
Unfortunately, the dog cannot distinguish between training and life situation. Each exercise of the “Listening” course is a gameplay for her, a task, after which she receives encouragement. Therefore, it is impossible to train her to react to a threat in her absence.
A properly educated and socialized dog will never attack the owner. In this regard, you will definitely need an assistant, especially if you need to teach an Alabai or Caucasian Shepherd puppy. Classes include the following stages:
- The development of anger. Using the method of play, the trainer draws the puppy’s attention to the rag, prompting it to take it away. If the baby does not show interest, you can give her the smell of meat or other delicacy;
- After the appearance of a stable interest, they begin to pull the rag, provoking growl and aggression;
- Gradually, the fabric is replaced by a sleeve of dense fabric, which the dog handler wears on his arm, after which you can start standard exercises.
After you manage to train the dog to the sleeve, it is trained to carefully control its aggression. A properly trained dog will not show aggression exactly until the moment the owner commands “Fas!” And stops attacking when he hears “Fu!”. But at first you will have to make a lot of efforts to achieve the clarity of the execution of these commands.
Training should not be done at home, since home is a place of calm and relaxation, in which aggression should not be provoked. This applies equally to apartments and houses in the private sector.
During the lesson, you need to show maximum attention to the animal. Be sure to take into account the characteristics of your breed. Some of them, such as St. Bernards or Labradors, are too human-friendly for such training, but when training a shepherd, such problems most often do not arise.
It is important to ensure that the puppy does not experience mental trauma that can make the dog cowardly and unable to learn properly. To teach the FAS! The trainer (often acting as a helper) performs the following actions:
- the dog is tied on a leash to a tree or held by the owner, the lesson is held in an area away from strangers;
- the defendant tries to tease the puppy with the chosen object, and tries to get him to snatch it out of his hands. When working with an adult pet, a protective sleeve or suit is worn. The use of toys in this process is not allowed;
- as soon as the dog shows interest in the irritant and grabs it, the command “Fas!” is pronounced, while the owner must praise the pet and / or give a treat;
- exposure training. The pet is held in a sitting or lying position, and breaks into an attack only if there is a command. The word “Fas!” serves as a trigger for him. If there is no reaction, you can induce the dog by slightly pushing it forward;
- imitation of an attack. When the dog has reached the age of 9 months, has already mastered the basic skills, you can proceed to full training. A figurant in a sleeve with a rubber stick imitates an attack on the owner holding the pet, at the same time exposing the sleeve to attack;
- when the shepherd dog grasps the sleeve (or other object) and lasts on it for some time, the defendant throws it, demonstrating a symbolic defeat. A dog confident in his victory will become more confident in his abilities.
An aggressive pet will immediately start an attack, so it must be restrained, while a more passive pet the trainer will additionally provoke with weak blows on the back. You cannot cause severe pain. it will only frighten the dog. complex training includes exercises, during which the defendant, when moving together with the owner, will launch a surprise attack. the dog will have to independently assess the level of threat and respond to it.
Wolfhounds are also shepherds
To teach malice to representatives of large herding breeds, you need to take a fundamentally different approach. The history of the development of CAO and KO has more than a thousand years, during this time they have developed not only a stable phenotype, but also character traits that are often inherited. When training such dogs, you need to take into account their characteristics:
- slowness. German Shepherds are capable of performing up to 20 commands per minute, as they have a lighter physique. Do not expect the Caucasian or Alabai to immediately carry out any of your commands, give him time to change his position;
- self-will. A wolfhound is a dog with a temper, it always sees the world in its own way, and often decides for itself when to show aggression. Often without training, they are able to track down a threat and respond to it in time. The owner must clearly prevent any attempts to attack without a command, including when moving on the street. Aggressive males (especially Caucasian Shepherd Dogs) must wear a muzzle between 9 and 18 months. In this case, you cannot scold for the attack, you only need to suppress the attack with a jerk of the leash with a short shout;
- weight. An adult dog weighs from 40 to 80 kilograms, depending on gender and origin (more weight is considered overweight), therefore, the person involved, taking on the pet’s attack, must be well physically prepared.
It is important to remember that the Central Asian Shepherd Dog most often attacks not on the sleeve, as the helper suggests, but on the most vulnerable parts of the body, including the carotid artery. Therefore, for training with wolfhounds, a full suit is required, covering all limbs, body and head.
Proper training will require strict adherence to the set requirements, close psychological contact with the dog and training.
The first thing that the owner must understand is the FAS team. if done correctly, it leads to an animal attack on another person, so it should be used only as a last resort.
Required skills before learning the “FAS!”
First of all, you need to teach the shepherd dog the rules of normal behavior on the street and with the owner, otherwise it will show anger at its own discretion. In no case can you command “Fas!” friends, loved ones, or passers-by who do not pose a threat.
How to Train German Shepherd to sit and stay
Teach a German Shepherd to command “Fas!” it is possible at any age, starting from five months, but first you need to complete a general training course “Obedience”, which includes a number of commands and exercises:
- The commands “Sit!”, “Lie!”, “Stand!” help control the dog when moving around the city;
- “Give!”. suppresses the manifestation of aggression towards the owner when trying to pick up a treat or toy;
- “Fu!” (or any analogue thereof). cancels the current activity, and ideally. the attack;
- “A place!”. a difficult exercise for such an active dog as a German shepherd to increase endurance.
Unable to obey, the dog can use his anger against the owner or others. It is extremely difficult to teach an adult dog the basics of behavior, therefore, starting training should be done starting from the first days of communication with the purchased puppy (according to FCI norms, the legal sale of a puppy with documents is possible from two months).