How to Teach Commands to a German Shepherd Dog?
Learning to basic exercises should begin from the first day of the puppy’s stay in the house. To avoid difficulties, the pet owner should adhere to the following rules:
At the initial stage, classes are conducted in a calm atmosphere, the puppy should not be distracted from learning by surrounding factors. passers-by, cars, other animals and others.
It is allowed to give the dog a treat (small pieces of cheese, food or other food safe for the pet). this will be an incentive to perform the actions correctly.
Workouts are done before feeding, not after. It is more difficult to motivate a well-fed dog to execute commands with a treat.
To consolidate the skill, 12-15 repetitions in one lesson are enough, but they are carried out in several approaches, and not in a row.
The process of teaching the puppy to teams should alternate with games so that interest in the classes is not lost. If your pet does not live in a house, but in an aviary or kennel, then you need to take into account that he spends much more energy on activity than a domestic dog.
Important! Teaching a pet is much easier than retraining, so when practicing basic commands, you should achieve perfect execution every time and only then encourage your pet.
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How to teach your German Shepherd dog show rack?
It will take a lot of patience to teach your shepherd dog to stand in the correct show position, since it is quite difficult for a dog to remain motionless. 2 ways are suitable for training:
- Compulsion. the owner sets the pet in the desired position with his hands, repeating “stand”. With regular repetition, the skill is worked out to automatism and the dog, on command, independently takes an exhibition pose.
- Motivation. the helper keeps the dog on a leash, and the owner walks away a few steps. The shepherd dog will reach for the owner and reflexively take the desired position. In this position, she should remain for a few seconds, after which she is given a treat. Gradually, the holding time is increased.
Important! In the correct show position, the German Shepherd’s ears should not be pinched. To get the dog to pick them up, it is worth working out the command that makes the pet alert (for example: “Where is the cat?”).
Execution of this command is the display of aggression by the dog towards a specific person, but without attacking him. Training should be carried out under the guidance of a dog handler and with the participation of a person unfamiliar to the shepherd dog who will cause aggression.
Remember that raising a dog comes first, and only then such serious skills as this.
- the dog is near the owner;
- a figurant passes by, he can wave his arms, make small attacks towards the owner, speak loudly;
- the owner pronounces “stranger” in a low but clear voice;
- as soon as the shepherd begins to bark, growl and prepare for an attack, the defendant leaves, and the pet is encouraged by praise.
Important! It is worth working out “stranger” with dogs that have reached the age of one and a half years, when the psyche is fully formed.
The algorithm for teaching the shepherd dog to other commands is as follows:
- “Sit”. the puppy stands in front of the owner, in whose hand a treat is clamped. The owner holds his hand with the treat above the dog’s head, while simultaneously pressing the puppy’s croup with his other hand and says “sit”.
- “Lying down” is performed by the dog from a sitting position. The owner holds a hand with a treat clamped in it in front of the dog’s muzzle forward and down to the ground. Actions are accompanied by a single utterance of the command word.
- “Nearby”. the puppy is led on a leash so that the front of its body is in line with the owner’s leg, and when the owner stops, the dog must sit down. Attempts to move away from the owner are stopped by a jerk of the leash, and correct execution is encouraged.
How to Train your German Shepherd dog to Sit on command
Important! Working out basic exercises begins with 1-3 repetitions, over time, their number increases. The main thing is to finish classes before the puppy gets tired, then he will not lose interest in training.
The puppy should not be taught the command “voice” from early childhood, since the really important skills have not yet been mastered and the waste of strength and energy on this training will take away a lot of strength from the baby.
The practice of this command should begin only after the pet begins to flawlessly perform the basic ones. It is advisable to conduct training on a training ground, with the participation of an experienced dog handler and a figurant to whom the aggression will be directed. The learning algorithm for the “fas” command is as follows:
- the dog is next to the owner;
- the igurant passes several times in the immediate vicinity of the shepherd dog, causing her aggression (while waving his hands is allowed);
- as soon as the pet begins to react negatively to the person involved, the owner says “fas”;
- the helper runs away, and the dog receives praise and a treat.
Important! Only dogs with a stable psyche can be trained so as not to provoke the manifestation of unmotivated aggression.
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Professional dog handler or home lessons?
The breeder has a question whether it is possible to teach the fas team at home and how to do it. The answer is more no than yes. Of course, if these are dogs of the Toy Terrier or Chihuahua Hua breed, then they can be taught to take command on their own. It is enough to watch a couple of video lessons to understand how training should take place. But, if we are talking about large dogs (shepherd, Doberman, Labrador), then training the team “fas” involves the use of special ammunition, which is very expensive. Therefore, it will be much more correct and cheaper to turn to an experienced dog handler who can both tame your pet and teach him all the skills necessary to protect it.
In addition, on your own you may not be able to teach the pet the order to “take”, and both through your own fault (lack of authority in the eyes of the animal), and through the fault of the dog. Whereas an experienced dog handler, who in a few minutes determines the psychotype of the animal, will be able to tame a dog, and even make the most cowardly puppy confident in himself and his own strengths.
By the way, a professional trainer can teach a very young puppy and tame an adult dog without any problems. Therefore, at whatever age you decide to teach your pet to protect you, it is possible, provided that an experienced professional is involved.
How to teach a dog FAS command. step by step instructions
True, in order for the dogs to perform their protective and protective functions, special training must be carried out. over, special training involves the development of special skills, for example, to attack, to show preventive aggression, etc. So, one of the most important, or rather the main ones in terms of protecting teams is “face”. Teaching the “fas” command can be carried out both on our own and with the help of an experienced dog handler. True, about independent training, the issue is controversial, especially when it comes to large breeds of dogs.
If you do not know how to teach a dog the command “fas”, it is better to entrust it to an experienced trainer. But, if we are talking about small breeds of dogs, then you can watch video tutorials posted on the network and independently teach the dog the basics of protecting you and your property. The main thing is that your authority in the eyes of the pet is unshakable, otherwise there can be no talk of any obedience and readiness to defend.
FAS team. step by step instructions
Before teaching the dog the “fas” command, dog handlers strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with the supporting information, as well as watch master classes or video lessons posted on the network. True, it is strongly discouraged to repeat some of the professional techniques that trainers use. Especially if you do not have protective ammunition.
The “fas” command is not a priority order, the implementation of which must be taught to your pet. Learning begins with simple commands such as “sit”, “beside”, “lie down”, etc. That is, correct training involves a gradual transition from simple orders to more complex ones. If you ignore this rule, then the training of the “fas” command will cause trouble for you and your pet, and the results of training are unlikely to please. And an experienced dog handler will completely refuse to train a puppy or an adult who is not familiar with the basic orders.
Experts advise starting training for this order at 5 months. Although, you can teach a dog the command “fas” at any age, even a very adult individual. In fact, the training of the “face” command is the development of anger in a pet, the manifestation of which is allowed only after the order given by the owner. By the way, you cannot abuse the order, otherwise there is a risk of turning the puppy into an aggressive and hysterical individual.
In addition, before teaching the dog the command “fas”, you need to consolidate your authority in the eyes of the pet and conduct an OKD. Even a professional dog handler will say that training this order is impossible without first completing a general course. That is, teaching the order is possible only if the animal has endurance, he knows the orders “to me”, “fu”, “give”, etc. After all, it is impossible to teach a dog to protect the owner, whom he does not obey at all, even if training is carried out by an experienced dog handler. Therefore, the first step towards mastering the order is general training. You can go through the OKD at any canine school, and at a very affordable cost per course.
Conditions of detention
No matter how strange it may sound, you can only train a dog to properly protect the owner if the conditions of keeping meet all standards and norms. Of course, the ability to protect, the strength of the grip, the level of anger are influenced by such factors as the breed of the dog, size, heredity. But proper nutrition and proper living conditions are also important.
The physical parameters of your pet need to be developed. So, it is worthwhile to include active games and physical activity in training, which will increase the power of the animal and exacerbate the reaction. What games and workouts are better to use. you can watch the video on the network.
In addition to developing physical strength, you need to develop your pet’s affection. After all, it is much easier to teach a dog to protect a person, which does not cherish a soul in its owner. Therefore, the closer the contact in the dog-owner bond, the easier it is to tame the puppy and teach him even complex orders. As practice shows, often dogs, even without special training, protect their owner with special zeal. This is especially true for small breeds, which selflessly love and are very attached to their owner.
Features of the breed
Cynologists, who have been training for several years, say that the face team is one of the most difficult to master. over, the point is not in the complexity of the order, but in the fact that each breed of dog perceives it in its own way and reacts to it in different ways.
So for a shepherd to master the order “take”. the work of two or three workouts. After all, this breed is ideal for protection and its psycho-emotional characteristics include a number of protective instincts. Thanks to this, it is easy and simple to teach the Shepherd to take command. But the Rottweiler, which is also positioned as a guard breed, can cause problems for the trainer in the learning process. After all, besides being a strong dog, it is also a beast with a tendency to dominate. That is, both the trainer and the owner need to make a lot of efforts to tame the puppy and force him to obey implicitly.
Small breeds are aggressive and vicious on their own. So it is a pleasure to train that terrier to take command. In addition, in small dogs, the sense of loyalty and love for the owner is almost limitless, and they are ready to easily give up their lives to protect their owner. Therefore, it is necessary to train decorative dogs with the command “take” carefully, or even not at all. This will protect your pet from his own reckless courage and relieve him of injury and stress.
All these features must be taken into account before proceeding with the development of a new order. After all, teaching a team does not mean 100% coping with the task. The main goal is to achieve unquestioning and lightning-fast execution of the order. And this is the main difficulty, which can only be dealt with by professionals with experience.
How to Raise and Train a German Shepherd?
Not every owner knows how to properly train a German Shepherd. Articles on the web are full of a variety of options for upbringing, but which one is right for the “Germans” remains a mystery. This article will tell you which approach to education to choose based on the characteristics of the breed.
If you have to train a puppy at home, then first of all you need to take care of the proper conditions. First, there should be no additional distractions that would attract the puppy’s attention and prevent him from following the owner’s orders. It is better to remove other dogs, exclude extraneous sounds, remove favorite toys, etc. Subsequently, when the shepherd has mastered the command, all these things can be gradually added, specially complicating its execution, but first you need to ensure decent conditions as much as possible. In addition, the puppy should not be hungry and tired, i.e. workout is best done in the middle of the day.
There are two training options. First, the puppy must be seated and fed. Having given him to smell it, it is necessary to lower the hand lower and lower, saying “lie down, lie down!”. When the puppy lies down, you need to try to keep him in this position for a while, repeating “lie down”, and only then treat him with a treat. The exercise should be repeated as many times as the dog can perceive. As soon as her fatigue, disinterest, desire to play are visible, it is necessary to pause. It is possible to teach a dog to be in a prone position on command, even if it does not know the signal to “sit”.
The second training option is as follows. A leash must be attached to the collar, and then passed under her left front paw. Further, pulling it and pressing on the withers, you need to force the shepherd to lie down and fix it in this position. Then treat with a treat. As soon as the puppy tries to get up, you need to give the command to “lie down” and, if necessary, hold the shepherd in this position. Later, the command must be supplemented with a gesture: lower the raised right hand to shoulder level down to the thigh.
The shepherd should be taught to get up only after the signal “walk!”.
When she has mastered the command to “lie down” in an exemplary manner and will execute it at the first request of the owner, training should be supplemented with distractions. For example, in front of him you can lead his fellows, put another treat not far away, etc. Any attempt by the dog to rise must be stopped by voice or physically.
Later, it is necessary to increase the time of the lying position, bringing it to 15 minutes. It is also worth constantly increasing the distance from which the signal is transmitted. The command is considered completed if the dog performs it from a distance of 15 m for at least 15 minutes.
This is an obligatory command that is useful both in everyday life and for further training. You can train a dog to sit down by word or gesture, by contact or non-contact method.
Contact: call the puppy to him and, when he runs up, show him the treat. Seeing him, the dog, even if it is already seated, will jump up and start jumping. Calmly but firmly say “Sit!”, While simultaneously taking the animal by the collar with one hand, and pressing the croup to the ground with the other. You need to press carefully, but persistently, until the dog sits down. After that, you can give the treat and praise.
Several times after giving the command “Sit” the pet is seated forcibly, later it automatically begins to carry out the order.
Non-contact: call the pet to you and lift a treat on its head, positioning it so that it is more convenient to reach it while sitting. Simultaneously command “Sit!” When the baby sits down, they give him a treat and praise.
Rules for Successful German Shepherd Training
German Shepherd training is not considered difficult. This dog was bred as a service dog, therefore it has an innate focus on obedience, it is strongly attached to humans. The pet is a universal specialist. It can be taught to security, protection, guard and search services. However, there are peculiarities in the upbringing and training of “Germans”. You need to find out about them before the puppy first crosses the threshold of the new home.
The German Shepherd must master the ability to calmly walk next to a person. without pulling the leash, without running or lagging behind. According to the classical rules, the dog is at the left leg, but for left-handers, the pet is allowed to stay at the right leg.
- the dog is fastened on a leash and seated next to him, a delicacy is clamped in his hand;
- order “Near” and start moving;
- if the puppy walks next to at least 6. 7 steps, does not tear the leash and does not break out. he is praised and encouraged with a treat.
This command is easy for even 2-month-old puppies to learn.
- take a treat or a bowl of food;
- call by name. as soon as the dog looks into the eyes, order “Sit” and bring the treat over your head;
- following the hand, the “German” sits down. then he is praised and encouraged with food.
Basic principles of training
A two-month-old puppy can already be taught simple tricks. the main thing is to repeat and consolidate what has been passed every day. Several things are required to ensure success:
- Patience from the owner and trust from the puppy. To earn this trust, it is important to be consistent, not to cancel commands already given, patiently waiting for their execution. You can’t get irritated, shout, or beat. The Germans sometimes require physical pressure (we will talk about this later), but clearly not beating and not at that age. Now a stern voice is enough. Confidence check is the call “Come to me!”. The shepherd should happily rush along it to the owner.
- Something delicious. Verbal encouragement is, of course, good, but the kid will work more actively for the tasty treat. Cookies, a piece of cheese (always hard and not salty) or sausages. choose what the pet likes and “reward” him for obedience.
- Correctly chosen time. You shouldn’t train your kid all day long. During training, he should not feel tired, hungry or, conversely, too full. It is best to practice in the morning or on an evening walk.
- “Magic word”. Before you start to train a German shepherd, you need to strictly and calmly tell her “Exercise!”, And then sit down near the left leg. Soon, one sound of this word will tune the animal to a working mood.
How to learn basic commands yourself
Up to 8 months, the German Shepherd must know and follow 5 basic commands:
What you need to know before teaching your dog the fas command?
As soon as the puppy arrives at your home, you should behave in such a way that the dog understands which of you is the master, and correctly builds a hierarchy for itself in the house. At about the age of 2 months, your pet is already quite ready to learn basic commands such as “sit”, “lie down”, “next to”, “to me”, “voice” and, of course, “fu!” The dog learns these signals quite quickly.
Now, if you have decided that this is necessary, you can start learning the order to attack. Fas is a command to a dog, according to which it must attack another person, be it an aggressive passer-by, or an intruder entering your house. And here it is important to remember: training the dog to command the face is completely your decision, and in the future only you, and no one else, are responsible for the consequences of your dog’s aggression.
If you are thinking about the question of how to teach a puppy to the fas team, then the best option for teaching this team would be to work with a professional dog handler. After the general course of training (OKD), the instructor will help you train your dog in the FAC command. It is quite problematic to do this alone, you still have to resort to the help of a partner.
If your dog itself is aggressive, then another way of training the front team is suitable. provocation with food or a favorite toy. The essence of the method is as follows: the dog is fixed on a leash, and either its bowl of food is placed in front of it, or a favorite toy is placed. The assistant, passing by, pretends that now he will take away food or a toy. The dog naturally begins to defend its property by reacting aggressively. At this moment, the trainer must clearly pronounce the command “face”, and several times in a row. This method works well with closed, angry animals that are aggressive on their own, or due to the prevailing life circumstances. How to train a dog for the front team using this method is the choice of each specific owner. You can get the dog to simply follow the command, or you can suppress its natural aggressiveness by learning to fully control your pet.
Other ways to teach the fas team
There are several other ways to teach your dog FAC. Of course, service breeds are trained much faster than others, and such dogs as a shepherd dog or a Doberman will not be difficult to train to attack a person. this is in their genes. For example, for a dog like a German shepherd, the fas command is very easy. in just a few sessions you will see the desired result.
It will be more difficult with calmer and more peaceful breeds, such as the Labrador or Spaniel, however, these good-natured animals can be taught the basics of aggressive behavior. To the question of how to teach a Labrador the FAC command, the answer is simple. only by training, and nothing else. Even the kindest and most calm dog lends itself to training, which means that only a good trainer and patience are needed. the process can be quite long.
Let’s consider three more ways that will help owners of four-legged guards quickly and effectively teach any dog to attack commands.
How to train your dog to command fas?
When purchasing a dog, any of us wants his pet to be smart and obedient, and also to carry out all the basic commands of the owner. And if it is impossible to influence the mental abilities of the animal, then obedience and execution of commands is achieved through training. One of the first things everyone strives to focus their attention on is teaching the fas team. But it is worth knowing that the instruction to attack does not apply to basic, but to special commands. First of all, your pet needs to undergo a general training course with an instructor, and only then wonder how to teach a dog the fas command.
One of the common methods that allow the animal to quickly master the command of attack is the following: the dog is next to its owner on a soft leash, executing the command “near”. The helper, who is in the shelter, comes out and begins to slowly move towards the owner and the dog, tapping something on the ground, and in every possible way provoking the dog. At the same time, the owner repeats the word “stranger”, teasing the dog. If the animal behaves aggressively, the owner praises him with words. The assistant, when a few steps remain before the dog, turns around and tries to run away. At the same time, the trainer releases the dog from the leash, loudly and clearly giving the command “face”. The dog rushes in pursuit of the assistant, and as soon as it overtakes and attacks him, it must be immediately recalled. By repeating this exercise, you can easily achieve the goal of quickly teaching the dog the FAC command, and the effect is noticeable after the first day of training using this technique.
The basic technique of teaching the fas team
How to train a dog to command fas? The owner must be 100% sure of the obedience of his pet, because apart from the question “how to teach the dog to command the fastest”, one must not forget that the owner must be able to stop the animal’s attack at any time. And if you are not sure of mastering the commands “fu” and “to me”, then it is better to first work out these commands to perfection.
The very first lesson should be held in a place that is familiar to your pet. In addition, you should take care of the absence of extraneous noises and annoying sounds. if we teach the dog to command the face, this will distract the dog from work. The training site should have a shelter for the helper, and a tree to which the dog can be securely tied (any well-fixed object will do instead of a tree).
Before the arrival of the trainer with the dog, the assistant hides behind a shelter and puts on a protective sleeve. In his hands he should have a rag and a rod with which he will provoke the animal. At the command of the trainer, the assistant leaves the hiding place, tapping the ground with a rod, which attracts the dog’s attention. He waves a rag, angering the dog, and when the animal shows aggression, the trainer speaks the command loudly and clearly. When the command is given face, and the animal is behaving aggressively, the handler should reward the dog with the words “good” or “well done”, depending on the habits of the particular dog.
The helper should strike lightly with a bar along the body of the animal, making the dog even more angry. When the dog tries to attack the cane, a rag is substituted for it. over, the assistant should pull it towards himself, as if trying to take it away from the dog. At the same time, the trainer should encourage the animal with exclamations “good” and periodically repeat the command “face”. After a few minutes of struggle, the helper should run away, and the trainer should praise the dog with stroking and voice. This exercise is repeated several times, helping both to teach the dog to command the fas, and to awaken its natural aggressiveness.
It should be remembered that the assistant should not hit with a cane too hard. this can cause a reverse reaction. the animal will be frightened and will not follow the commands, trying to hide as soon as possible. The consequence of such an error may be that the dog’s reaction to the front command will be inadequate, and it will be very, very difficult to change this.!
Another serious mistake in this training method is the participation of the same assistant in the training all the time. This approach can develop aggression against a specific person. You should also change the helper’s clothes so that the dog does not get used to one color or style, as this can also cause an attack on a random person in the future.
The third way of teaching the dog to execute the command “face” is a method that allows you to teach the dog to guard the house or yard, even when the owner is not around. In this case, the training of dogs for the FAC team is as follows: the dog is in the yard, and the assistant makes noise behind the fence, attracting the dog’s attention and provoking it to a response. When the dog begins to bark and show aggression, the owner in the yard praises the dog with words.
The assistant can also slip a jacket or rag into the open gate to further anger the animal. After no more than 4-5 minutes of such training, the dog is taken on a leash and taken outside the fence, where the assistant attempts to escape. At this moment, the trainer lowers the dog, while loudly and clearly commands “face”. The dog starts chasing and attacks the helper. At the very first bites, the dog should be withdrawn, and this exercise should be repeated until the dog obeys unquestioningly. This method is well suited for all service dog breeds. the question of how to teach the German Shepherd to command FAS is solved by this method quickly and efficiently.
Team “Fas!” for shepherd
Dogs of large and medium breeds serve not only as a friend, but also as support and protection. Owners are often interested in how to teach a shepherd to command “FAS!”, But at the same time do not realize the complexity of the learning process.
Required skills before learning the “FAS!”
First of all, you need to teach the shepherd dog the rules of normal behavior on the street and with the owner, otherwise it will show anger at its own discretion. In no case can you command “FAS!” friends, loved ones, or passers-by who do not pose a threat.
Teach a German Shepherd to command “Fas!” it is possible at any age, starting from five months, but first you need to take a general training course “Obedience”, which includes a number of commands and exercises:
- The commands “Sit!”, “Lie!”, “Stand!” help control the dog when moving around the city;
- “Give!”. suppresses the manifestation of aggression towards the owner when trying to pick up a treat or toy;
- “Fu!” (or any analogue of it). cancels the current activity, and ideally. the attack;
- “A place!”. a difficult exercise for such an active dog as a German shepherd to increase endurance.
Unable to obey, the dog can use his anger against the owner or others. It is extremely difficult to teach an adult dog the basics of behavior, therefore, starting training should be done starting from the first days of communication with the purchased puppy (according to FCI norms, the legal sale of a puppy with documents is possible from two months).
Wolfhounds are also shepherds
To teach malice to representatives of large shepherd breeds, you need to take a fundamentally different approach. The history of the development of CAO and KO has more than a thousand years, during this time they have developed not only a stable phenotype, but also character traits that are often inherited. When training such dogs, you need to take into account their characteristics:
- slowness. German Shepherds are capable of performing up to 20 commands per minute, as they have a lighter physique. Do not expect the Caucasian or Alabai to immediately carry out any of your commands, give him time to change his position;
- self-will. A wolfhound is a dog with a temper, it always sees the world in its own way, and often decides for itself when to show aggression. Often without training, they are able to track down a threat and respond to it in time. The owner must clearly prevent any attempts to attack without a command, including when moving on the street. Aggressive males (especially Caucasian Shepherd Dogs) must wear a muzzle between 9 and 18 months. In this case, you cannot scold for the attack, you only need to suppress the attack with a jerk of the leash with a short shout;
- weight. An adult dog weighs from 40 to 80 kilograms, depending on gender and origin (more weight is considered overweight), therefore, the person involved, taking on the pet’s attack, must be well physically prepared.
It is important to remember that the Central Asian Shepherd Dog most often attacks not on the sleeve, as the helper suggests, but on the most vulnerable parts of the body, including the carotid artery. Therefore, for training with wolfhounds, a full suit is required, covering all limbs, body and head.
To successfully train your pet and get satisfactory results, you need to establish psychological contact. If the dog has a strong sense of affection for the owner, he will be able to concentrate his attention on him, and will more quickly perceive information and remember his actions.
A close emotional connection will also contribute to the fact that the pet will be ready to protect the owner without preliminary training, but it is still better that this process is controlled.
Is it possible to teach the command “Fas!” on my own?
Unfortunately, the dog cannot distinguish between training and life situation. Each exercise of the “Listening” course is a gameplay for her, a task, after which she receives encouragement. Therefore, it is impossible to train her to react to a threat in her absence.
A properly educated and socialized dog will never attack the owner. In this regard, you will definitely need an assistant, especially if you need to teach an Alabai or Caucasian Shepherd puppy. Classes include the following stages:
- The development of anger. Using the method of play, the trainer draws the puppy’s attention to the rag, prompting it to take it away. If the baby does not show interest, you can give her the smell of meat or other delicacy;
- After the appearance of a stable interest, they begin to pull the rag, provoking roar and aggression;
- Gradually, the fabric is replaced by a sleeve of dense fabric, which the dog handler wears on his arm, after which you can start standard exercises.
After you manage to train the dog to the sleeve, it is trained to carefully control its aggression. A properly trained dog will not show aggression exactly until the moment the owner commands “Fas!” And stops attacking when he hears “Fu!”. But at first, you will have to make a lot of efforts to achieve the clarity of the execution of these commands.
Training should not be done at home, since home is a place of calm and relaxation, in which aggression should not be provoked. This applies equally to apartments and houses in the private sector.
During the lesson, you need to show maximum attention to the animal. Be sure to take into account the characteristics of your breed. Some of them, such as St. Bernards or Labradors, are too human-friendly for such training, but when training a shepherd, such problems most often do not arise.
It is important to ensure that the puppy does not experience mental trauma that can make the dog cowardly and unable to learn properly. To teach the FAS team The trainer (often acting as a helper) performs the following actions:
- the dog is tied on a leash to a tree or held by the owner, the lesson is held in an area away from strangers;
- the helper tries to tease the puppy with the chosen object, and tries to get him to snatch it out of his hands. When working with an adult pet, a protective sleeve or suit is worn. The use of toys in this process is not allowed;
- as soon as the dog shows interest in the irritant and grabs it, the command “Fas!” is pronounced, while the owner must praise the pet and / or give a treat;
- exposure training. The pet is held in a sitting or lying position, and breaks into an attack only if there is a command. The word “Fas!” serves as a trigger for him. If there is no reaction, you can induce the dog by slightly pushing it forward;
- imitation of an attack. When the dog has reached the age of 9 months, has already mastered the basic skills, you can proceed to full training. A figurant in a sleeve with a rubber stick imitates an attack on the owner holding the pet, at the same time exposing the sleeve to attack;
- when the shepherd dog grabs the sleeve (or other object) and lasts on it for some time, the defendant throws it, demonstrating a symbolic defeat. A dog confident in his victory will become more confident in his abilities.
An aggressive pet will immediately start an attack, so it must be restrained, while a more passive pet the trainer will additionally provoke with weak blows on the back. You cannot cause severe pain. it will only frighten the dog. complex training includes exercises, during which the defendant, when moving together with the owner, will launch a surprise attack. the dog will have to independently assess the level of threat and respond to it.
Proper training will require strict adherence to the set requirements, close psychological contact with the dog and training.
The first thing that the owner must understand is the “Fas!” if done correctly, it leads to an animal attack on another person, so it should be used only as a last resort.
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I don’t live at whose expense, and I don’t wish anyone any harm, only they don’t let anyone go to paradise on someone else’s. (G. Zarechny “last voyage”)
Developing the skill to attack on the command “Fas”
For the first lesson, a place or area familiar to the dog is chosen, where there are no strangers, pets and other distracting stimuli. There should be a small shelter nearby for the helper, as well as a tree or post for which the dog can be securely tied.
An assistant with training sleeves, with a tourniquet (rod) and a soft rag, until the trainer arrives, hides behind a shelter. Then the trainer comes and ties the dog to the chain. At a prearranged signal from the trainer, the assistant begins to make light rustles, and, striking the ground with a rod, gradually approaches the dog. The trainer gives the command “Fas” and, if the dog shows anger, encourages it by stroking and exclaiming “Good”. The helper attacks the dog and inflicts light blows along the body with a tourniquet (rod), and when the dog tries to grab the tourniquet, he substitutes a rag with his other hand (moreover, the helper pulls it towards him, as if trying to take it away), the helper throws it and runs away. The trainer, at the moment of the dog’s struggle with the helper, even more excites it by repeating the command “Fas” and exclaiming “Good”. After the dog has calmed down, the exercise is repeated 2-3 times.
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The helper should not make strong blows so as not to intimidate the dog and cause fear in it.
If the dog is a little spiteful or shows cowardice, the helper should make active movements in her desire to rush at him. The trainer, on the other hand, gives the command “Fas” and, by moving towards the assistant, further arouses anger in the dog. Showing anger is immediately encouraged. In such dogs, as well as in sluggish dogs, anger develops well when protecting food.
An interception grip is developed as follows. The trainer keeps the dog on a short leash. The helper, having aroused the dog by attacking it, runs away. The trainer, having given the command “Fas” to the dog, chases the assistant along with it. When the assistant almost catches up, he slows down and, having made a half turn (to the right or to the left), puts out the sleeve of the suit towards the dog. If the dog grasps the sleeve, the helper pulls it slightly towards him to increase his grip. After that, he takes one or two steps towards the dog to stop pulling on the grasped sleeve, and lifts the other sleeve over his head to strike. The dog, seeing the sleeve approaching from above and not meeting the resistance of the weakened one, intercepts the other sleeve. The exercise is repeated 3-4 times. At the command of the trainer “Stop” the assistant stops the fight, and the trainer exclaims “Good”, calms the dog by stroking and takes it 2. 3 steps away from the assistant.
If the dog, after stopping the fight, does not let go of the helper, the trainer uses the “Fu” command and a strong jerk with the leash. Having put the dog near the calmly standing assistant and having given the command “Protect”, the trainer monitors the dog’s behavior. An attempt by a dog to attack an assistant is stopped by the command “Sit” and a jerk.
In subsequent lessons, the assistant’s attack on the trainer is made unexpectedly from behind cover.
After developing the skill of detaining a person in place, the dog is taught to detain an escaping person from gradually increasing distances (from 100 m or more). To do this, the assistant, not coming close to the dog, encourages it to attack from a distance of 20, 30, 50, 100 m, and then the dog, at the command “FAS”, starts up without a leash to detain.
When developing skills, the following main mistakes of a trainer are possible:
Hitting a dog very hard. As a result, the dog may become afraid of the helper.
The use of uniform and uniform clothing by the assistant. This creates an unwanted bond in the dog. pursuit and detention of a person only in a certain type of suit.
The use of the same helper for a long time, which can lead to the manifestation of anger and activity of the dog only towards this helper.
I don’t live at whose expense, and I don’t wish anyone any harm, only they don’t let anyone go to paradise on someone else’s. (G. Zarechny “last voyage”)
The passing day will throw off the shackles. cross out the old, draw the new