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How to teach your rabbit to walk in the litter box

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Is it possible to develop toilet behavior in rabbits?

The life of animals is mainly determined by instincts. Wild rabbits live in burrows. They are very clean animals. Adult animals do not spoil in their home. They endure, get out of holes and retreat a few meters.

Domestic rabbits behave the same way, even if they never went outside. This is gene memory. Therefore, pets, as a rule, “bully” not out of harm or stupidity, but simply do not understand the differences between a carpet or sofa and a special tray.

To train your rabbit to the toilet, you need to explain where you can do your business. It is important to form a habit, so learning begins at a young age: from 8-10 weeks. It’s easier if the rabbit goes to the tray. Then the cubs repeat her behavior.

However, there is no need to give up on an adult animal. The older the animal, the cleaner it is. Little rabbits do not think about self-control, but gradually, by three months, everything changes.

At the age of several months, animals begin to mark territory. This is not just going to the toilet, but sexual behavior or “power struggles”.


If everything does not work out, you need to be patient. The animals are intelligent and trainable. The rabbit tray is a fairly straightforward task. They also learn much more complex things.

What to do if your rabbit goes to the toilet next to the litter box

There are special cases. One of them is when the animal understands what is required of him and goes to the toilet in the same place. True, every time he misses: defecates next to the tray.

There is no malice here. Most likely, the decorative rabbit is experiencing some kind of inconvenience. We need to find out the reason. Common Interferences:

  • Too much litter in the tray.
  • Too high or low sides.
  • Spilled filler. It is no coincidence that the rabbit is “mischievous”. The toilet, in his opinion, is where the filler is. He doesn’t understand the difference.
  • Cramped tray.

If one of these reasons is found that prevents the rabbit from walking into the tray, then it must be eliminated. When an animal is uncomfortable with a bowel movement, it is unlikely that it will be possible to train it.

Why does the rabbit refuse to go to the cooked tray

Sometimes the pet does not go towards the owner, persists. At first glance, the tray is prepared correctly. The reasons may be as follows:

  • The animal does not like the filler: smell, appearance. To train the rabbit, they find another brand.
  • Food instincts. Fluffy rodents, wild and domestic, love to go to the toilet during or immediately after eating. Throwing some hay next to the litter box sometimes improves the situation.
  • Tightness. The pet is uncomfortable in a small tray.
  • Animals mark their territory. This is how they attract a partner and mark their property. The owner may also be “property”. Not only males mark, but also rabbits. The more individuals live nearby, the more effort they make to make themselves known. Often, but not always, castration or solitude relieves the problem.

teach, rabbit, walk, litter

Tray in the house

When the animal walks around the apartment, the cat’s “potty” is more suitable. It is stable on the floor, does not roll over. The rules are the same as when working in a cage, but there are some peculiarities. To teach toilet behavior in an apartment, you need to remember:

  • There should be no obstacles on the way. To do this, raise the wall in the cage, use two trays. in the rabbit house and in the apartment.
  • Long distance is also a hindrance. The rabbit does not pick up its own odor from the tray. Then he chooses the option at his discretion.
  • You do not need to beat the animal, even if it spoils the laminate or your favorite carpet. It is not educational. The animals’ health is not particularly strong, serious injuries are possible. The voice works no worse than the hands. The team can be any, even “fu”, like dogs. The main thing is calm, strict intonation and constancy. The animal will be on the alert and guess the reason for the owner’s dissatisfaction. The more often and in time the rabbit is “reproached” and transferred to the tray, the better he understands the connection.

Getting rid of solid waste on the floor of an apartment is not easy. This is a feature of digestion. Rabbits are constantly eating, digesting food and getting rid of all that is superfluous. Sometimes “peas” on the floor should not be allowed. There are special diapers that can be put on, for example, before the arrival of guests. Although this should not be abused: the animal forgets everything that is skillfully.

Caged tray

The training depends on where you plan to set up the toilet for the rabbit. If this is a cage, you need to observe which corner the animal has chosen. An unauthorized toilet is usually located diagonally from the resting place. They put a cat or special tray for rabbits.

A rabbit corner pot is more convenient to use in a cage. It has a higher tailgate, so the animal does not miss. Use cat or rodent litter. Sawdust should be pressed or granulated. The pet gets used to the fact that you need to go to the toilet for litter, so it is placed only in the tray. Sawdust accidentally scattered in the cage is best removed immediately.

Animals, as a rule, quickly agree to go to the proposed place. It is necessary that everything is clean, the filler must be fresh. There are several important points:

  • In case of failure, part of the “gift” (bedding, feces, napkin with urine) is placed in the tray. The rest is carefully cleaned, the floor is washed with soap. For habituation, it is necessary that there is no smell left anywhere except the toilet. Then the animal recognizes its work and repeats it in the tray.
  • Sometimes the rabbit comes to the wrong corner where it was expected. The tray will have to be moved to a new location.
  • Animals can be caught red-handed. It should be noted that when the rabbit is attached, raises its tail, then it will turn out to transplant it in time. The animal does everything in the right place, it develops a habit.
  • The filler is often changed. at least once a day. It is advisable not to delay with this, especially if the animal missed. General cleaning is done once a week.
  • A little hay near the litter box is a big help. The rabbit is eating a treat and training along the way.
  • Encouragement is important. If successful, the pet is rewarded with something special, for example, a piece of apple or a carrot.

How to teach your rabbit to go to the litter box

Rabbits are often kept in apartments as pets. These are clean and smart animals, but, unfortunately, they choose the place for the toilet themselves. To make it easier to care for an eared animal, you need to know how to train your rabbit to the tray. Several rules will help to find mutual understanding, will save the owner’s nerves and property.

How to train your rabbit to use the litter box

Decorative rabbits are stubborn in nature, so it is much more difficult to train them to the litter box than cats. The animal practically does not admit its mistakes, so punishments during training are useless. In addition, excessive persistence can lead to the complete rejection of a stationary toilet, which threatens not only the spread of an unpleasant odor from the cage, but also health problems for the pet.

The success of training animals depends on many factors, which is why it is difficult to predict the appearance of the first results. Young animals are often most prone to training, so it is recommended to teach your pet to hygiene from a young age. This process will require tolerance, persistence and understanding.

Only in this case, in 2-3 weeks it will be possible to thoroughly instill in the pet new rules of behavior.

Basic steps for toilet training a rabbit:

  • The animal must be introduced to the toilet container; for this, it is placed in a cage together with the filler for several days. During this time, the pet should get used to the litter box and stop perceiving it as a stress factor.
  • After the animal has settled down, a small amount of feces or dirty bedding should be added to the pellets. This will help attract the rabbit and show him for what purpose this area of ​​the cage exists.
  • If the rabbit has not started going to the toilet on its own, he needs to be strongly explained why a new accessory has appeared in the cage. To do this, you should wait for the moment when the animal will sit down for excrement, and a few seconds before the start of the process, transplant it into the tray. In this case, it is imperative to control that the litter does not fall out of the tray, otherwise the rabbit will shit all over the cage.
  • For the first few days, the furry pet will strongly reject the new hygiene rules, so persistence and patience should be maintained. If the pet stubbornly ignores the litter box, several toilet containers need to be installed in the cage at once. this will help the animal to determine the optimal place for feces by itself.

What to do if your rabbit goes to sleep in the tray

A rabbit’s special love for its litter box is not desirable. This accessory is equipped to maintain hygiene, therefore it is imperative to prevent this phenomenon. Otherwise, it can lead to serious infections.

Most often, this bad habit is observed in insufficiently neat cells. Going to bed in the tray, the rabbit carries feces throughout the entire area of ​​the cage, as a result of which the pet’s sensation of dividing the living space into zones is disturbed.

  • clean the cage from feces as often as possible;
  • be sure to change the litter after each bowel movement.

This will help to return the animal to its previous regime in just a few weeks.

Frequently asked Questions

Even having got used to the tray, the animal does not always use it regularly. Consider the most common problems that arise when training an animal.

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How to choose the right one

The choice of a high-quality and correct litter box, litter for the toilet is the main condition for successful rabbit training. He perceives this hygienic item as a foreign body, so the tray must be comfortable for the animal. Otherwise, excessive discomfort can permanently discourage the animal from going to the toilet according to the rules.

How to toilet train a decorative rabbit

Decorative rabbits are smart and clean pets, so animal lovers are happy to have fluffy animals. However, such a home resident often brings the owners not only positive emotions, but also certain troubles. Since the rabbit needs a toilet, it must be litter trained from an early age. But it will take a lot of effort and patience to teach the animal simple rules of hygiene.


The main requirements for a hygienic filler are:

  • complete safety for the body of animals;
  • high degree of liquid absorption;
  • the ability to absorb the maximum amount of unpleasant odors.

The most suitable material for these purposes is a granular filler made from environmentally friendly sawdust. It is able to react instantly with feces and bind them safely for a long time.

Representatives of the Hare family get acquainted with the environment primarily with the help of taste buds, so the litter must be hypoallergenic and non-toxic, otherwise the animal may get serious poisoning.

They will help to absorb all feces in a quality manner, but such a bed must be changed after each bowel movement. Bulk materials are not able to dryly bind all liquids, and domestic rabbits go out of necessity exclusively in clean and dry places.

Why did the trained rabbit stop going to the litter box?

Often, decorative rabbits can be successfully trained, but in some cases, the result fixed with heavy efforts can be instantly lost. This leads to the fact that the pet begins to shit outside the toilet, in any place convenient for him.

There can be many reasons for drastic behavioral changes, but in most cases this is a direct consequence of all sorts of stresses, or the physiological characteristics of the body.

Among them, the most common are the following:

  • Decrease in the litter box causes moral discomfort. this often happens when an animal is carelessly treated, when it does not feel like the master of its territory; in this case, natural marking of the terrain occurs. You can overcome the problem with careful and attentive handling of the animal. The cage should be a home for him and not cause negative emotions, and the place of the toilet should be arranged in a remote and darkened corner of the dwelling.
  • Puberty. at the age of 3-4 months, representatives of the Hare family enter puberty. The fluffy animal becomes an adult, so it hurries to mark its territory by all means. This process is natural for almost all animals and takes place over time. Timely castration can prevent it.
  • The appearance of a new animal. if feces outside the tray began due to the appearance of a new relative in the cage, you should not scold the pet, since it simply marks its territory. This is a natural norm, therefore, in this case, it takes a short time to adapt to new conditions (no more than a few days).
  • Stressful situation. rabbits are quite shy, the appearance of any stress factors in their habitat causes them a strong shock. Most often, such a pet feels severe stress after the arrival of guests, the appearance of a new territory, being picked up by a stranger, or another animal appearing in the apartment. As a result, the animal can completely lose all skills learned before. Refreshing the pet’s memory will help in this situation. for this you need to repeat the litter training again. In most cases, after a few days, he will again remember what he learned.


  • When keeping a rabbit in a small area, the corner tray is the most convenient. It has a triangular shape, which allows it to be installed in one of the corners of the cage with a minimum waste of free space.
  • When keeping an animal in a large cage or in a special fence, a small rectangular tray is optimal. Its main advantage is the ability to install anywhere.

The tray must have a wire rack or mesh. This design makes it possible to achieve an optimal balance of hygiene and comfort for the animal, since it does not require changing the bedding after each bowel movement.

In addition, a vessel with a lattice provides direct contact with the litter, and this is not only perceived by the rabbit positively, but also arouses increased interest, which is important for early learning.

Tray in the apartment

Decorative rabbits walk around the house during the day, only for the evening they are closed in a cage and even then not always. It is important to potty train your rabbit so that it knows where to go. If the tray is placed very close in the cage, then the house is very large, it will be more difficult to train to the toilet. In this case, you will need several devices, they should be in every room. Mostly placed in the corners. If possible, observe the pet, which place he chooses for himself. Most likely, it will be a corner or an area near a wall. Be vigilant, if you miss a moment, you will have to do an unpleasant cleaning.

Filler selection

A large size filler is poured into a purchased tray. If it is sawdust, then only from deciduous trees. They are not harmful and quickly absorb unpleasant odors. Cat litter is specially formulated for cats and is infused with chemistry to kill bacteria and odors. Rabbits are constantly looking for something to chew, getting into the mouth of such chemistry can end in failure.

In the absence of sawdust, they can be replaced with hay or straw. In extreme cases, use torn colorless paper. There should be no inscriptions or other paints on it.

Choosing a place

You can train your pet to use the litter box, as it is naturally quite clean. In nature, an animal will never satisfy the need for its own burrow. At home, a closed space, the animal has nowhere to go. Accordingly, he chooses one place and visits it. You just need to look behind the animal, understand what place he chose, and install a tray there. Be patient, the rabbit will not go to the installed toilet immediately, first you need to get used to it.

What is worth knowing

It is very important to be patient and meek. Any aggression or shouting will nullify all efforts. The animal will become afraid and avoid you. In such a state, no learning will be successful. It is much better to reward the right action. When the pet does the work in the pot, you can give a treat and pet the fur.

Decorative rabbits are very emotional and sensitive. Experienced owners know how and what to do with litter box training. They have patience beforehand.

If the rabbit sleeps in the litter box, the litter is the problem. She is too dirty or inappropriate to avoid contact, he goes to bed where she is not. There may be other reasons, to find out, observe the behavior of the pet.

HOW TO litter train your rabbit in one week | Bunny Potty Training

Suitable age for learning

It’s important to know when to start toilet training. Very young and old individuals will not understand what they want from them. Training begins a few days after weaning from mom. Basically, it is 40-50 days. At this age, the rabbits are quite independent and capable of learning.

The rabbit refuses to go to the tray

Training does not always bring the desired result. If after two weeks it did not work to accustom to the tray, you need to look for the source of the problem. There are several common reasons:

  • During the mating season, a non-neutered rabbit is extremely difficult to tame.
  • Inconvenient or too small tray. Pay attention to the placement of the animal on it, there should be a little space on all sides. It’s easier with dwarf rabbits in this regard.
  • The problem is the filler, it smells bad.
  • The space inside the cage is poorly organized and the pet is uncomfortable.
  • If a trained furry refuses, he experiences stress. Just give a little time to calm down.

How to choose a toilet

You need to choose the right tray, otherwise the pet may refuse to go there. The size of the toilet should be comfortable so as not to oppress the animal. If it is cramped for him, he will find himself another place for the fusion of needs. The edges must be smooth to eliminate the chance of injury. A healthy pet is very active and can easily get hurt.

A cat’s plastic litter box is often chosen for the rabbit. It is quite voluminous and has smooth sides. Especially suitable for dwarf breeds. Some trays have rods, it is better to remove them so as not to create discomfort for the delicate pads.

Any vessel of suitable size can be used as a toilet. It should be more or less warm. Sometimes they use metal basins, in which case more filler is needed so that the animal does not feel the cold.

It is possible to train a rabbit to the toilet in an apartment only if it will be convenient for him there.

Choosing a good container and filler

To train your rabbit to the toilet, you need a spacious container. For example, a litter box for cats. You must first remove the mesh from it. If, after installing the toilet, you find that the rodent has little free space, then initially its “living space” did not meet the necessary requirements.

Advice. The container should not have any sharp edges. Do not choose metal models. the rodent will be uncomfortable to stand on a cold tray.

Rabbit litter is also important. When choosing, be guided by the following recommendations:

  • when buying a finished product, make sure that there are no artificial flavors and colors in it;
  • the best option is sawdust of deciduous trees, since they absorb well the waste products of the rodent and do not injure its delicate paws;
  • an alternative to wood chips will be clean paper;
  • newspapers are not suitable because of the printing ink, because curious animals can taste newspaper scraps;
  • for the same reason, buying cat litter would not be the best solution: rabbits can be poisoned with granules.

What you need to know about the process of excreting your pet

Despite the very rapid digestion, in nature, eared animals never defecate where they sleep and eat. Not far from their burrow, rabbits arrange several toilets at once. These places are usually visited by animals during forays in search of food.

Attention! To train your rabbit to the litter box, start training as early as possible. Experienced owners advise starting the process when the pet has not yet reached the age of 3 months. “Raising” adults is much more difficult.

How to Tray Your Rabbit: Proven Methods

Rabbits are considered clean animals, although owners of furry animals may have the opposite opinion. If your pet ignores the prepared litter box, you need to find a reason. After that, it will be easier for the owner to teach the pet rabbit to go to the toilet in a strictly defined place.

Why does the animal refuse to go to the tray

Rabbits go to the toilet with dry pellets that need to be collected and thrown away. And the urine, with which the fluffy marks the entire territory of the apartment or house, leaves an unpleasant smell after itself. Therefore, you need to initially determine the place where the rabbit will defecate. If the pet leaves its toilet unattended, the reasons may be as follows:

  • Cramped or inconvenient tray. Rabbits love comfort too.
  • Poorly chosen filler. Perhaps the animal does not like its smell or consistency.
  • Lack of privacy. A place where members of your family or guests are constantly walking, talking, will seem uncomfortable or even dangerous to the rodent. It is very difficult to train a rabbit to a litter box in such conditions.
  • Poor organization of toilet space.
  • Natural instinct. A semi-mature animal marks the territory. The solution may be pet castration.

Additional tips for animal training

In the early days, limit your rabbit’s freedom. Don’t let him walk around the apartment. First, let him learn to walk in the tray located in the cage. Only after passing this stage, it will be possible to release the pet for walks every day within the house or apartment. Watch the animal during these few minutes. When you see that the rabbit sits down, going to relieve himself, carefully pick it up in your arms and transfer it to the prepared container. After that, give your furry friend his favorite treat.

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Do not raise your voice when trying to toilet train your rabbit. You can speak in a stern tone, but not shout. If you already have one toilet-trained eared pet, this will greatly facilitate your task. The Old Timer will set a useful example for the newbie. In addition, the animals will most likely compete, trying to block the smell of each other’s feces.

Do not use the same material as bedding and filler for your rabbit container. The animal will get confused and shit all over the cage. And at first, do not change the contents of the tray too often. A persistent, specific odor should form in the rabbit’s litter box. This will help train your rabbit to defecate in a specific area.

Steps for toilet training a new pet

First of all, the newly-made owner of a small fluffy animal needs patience and time. It can take from several days to 1-2 weeks to train a rabbit to relieve itself in a certain place. Experienced owners of furry pets advise using the following algorithm:

  • Buy multiple trays at once. Put one in the cage, and place the rest around the apartment. Choose secluded places where the rabbit will feel comfortable and safe: under the bed, in shaded corners, etc.
  • Pour filler into each toilet.
  • Place containers of hay next to the trays. After eating, the rabbit will probably want to empty the intestines.
  • If your pet does not relieve itself where you put the containers with filler, go to meet him.
  • Move litter boxes to locations your rabbit has chosen inside or outside of the cage.
  • Gently collect the rabbit excrement left on the floor and place it in the animal toilet. The smell of faeces will orient the furry and help you train your rabbit to the litter box.
  • Vigorously practice rewarding your pet for success. Every time the animal recovers in the container, treat it with a slice of carrot or apple.

Probable difficulties and ways to solve them

It happens that a little furry friend falls asleep sweetly in the tray, refusing to use it for its intended purpose. This happens if the rabbit is uncomfortable sleeping in the cage. For example, it is too tight, or the litter is hard, dirty, etc. Observe your pet to determine and correct the cause.

Another common problem is that the rabbit does not go into the container, but defecates next to it. Perhaps the selected container has too low sides, which creates an inconvenience for the animal. Or there is a lot of filler in the tray. Correct these issues to make your bunny comfortable.

Sometimes the owners notice that their trained animal is “rebelling”. If a trained pet stops going to the toilet, this may be the result of stress: the arrival of guests, unfamiliar surroundings, someone else’s hugs, etc. Other reasons are the appearance of a “competitor” in the person of a second rabbit or the onset of sexual maturity. In the latter case, the male is referred to a veterinarian for castration.

Teaching a rabbit to relieve itself exclusively in the tray is not an easy task. But she is quite capable of patient and loving owners who are ready to take full care of a pet.

How to train your rabbit to the litter box: effective methods and helpful tips

How to choose a toilet

When buying this important device, be sure to pay attention to several important points:

The litter box should be large enough for the rabbit to feel comfortable in. It will not work to teach the animal to go to the toilet if it is too cramped.

The tray should not have any sharp edges. Rabbits are active animals and can get injured while jumping very easily. In addition, these animals have very weak noses. If the rabbit touches a sharp edge with this part of the body, it may even die.

It is best to purchase a plastic cat litter box for the animal. Such devices are stable and rather large in size, and therefore, it is easier to accustom a dwarf rabbit to them. This type of tray does not require any modifications. The only thing is that the grate from the cat litter should be removed before installing it in the cage. The rods can put unpleasant pressure on the animal’s legs. As a result, the rabbit will refuse to go to the toilet bought for him.

Sometimes ordinary metal rectangular basins are used as trays for these animals. It is also a very good option for a rabbit litter box. But only when it is warm enough in the room where the animal is kept. The cold metal of the animal from the toilet will simply scare away.

How to train your rabbit to the litter box: choosing a location

These cute animals in the wild never relieve themselves in their own burrows, and therefore are considered very clean. In cages and open-air cages, rabbits always go to the toilet in the same place. Therefore, all the owners of the animal need to do to facilitate the task of toilet training is to spot it and place a litter box here. Perhaps, at first, the rabbit will not go to such a toilet. Animals are shy and suspicious. Therefore, it may take a little time for the animal to get used to a new, unfamiliar object in a cage. In any case, the owners will most likely have to gain patience.

At what age can you start potty training?

Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to teach an adult animal to go to the toilet. It will not work to train a very small rabbit to the tray. It is best to start training immediately after the pet is 1-1.5 months old. At this age, rabbits are already quite independent.

How to train your rabbit to walk in the tray: the choice of filler

It is best to pour large sawdust into the purchased cat litter box. over, only material from deciduous trees should be used. Such sawdust absorbs odor well, does not injure the paws of the animal and cannot cause any harm to its health. Under no circumstances should the cat litter be placed in the rabbit tray. The fact is that these animals love to taste everything. And therefore, granules impregnated with all sorts of odor-killing chemicals, an eared animal can simply be poisoned.

If the sawdust cannot be found, it is allowed to replace them with paper torn into small pieces, hay or straw. It is not worth using a newspaper as a filler. The reason is the same in this case. The rabbit will definitely taste it. Lead will certainly not be useful for his body.

Some helpful tips

So, we figured out how to train a rabbit to the litter box and at what age it is worth starting this procedure. The training of the animal will be more successful if the owners follow several recommendations of the specialists presented below.

The rabbit’s cage tray should be placed in the same place as the breeder’s. Also, when buying an animal, you must definitely ask the seller for a little filler from the pot that the animal went to before. The resulting substance should be brought home and placed in the rabbit’s new toilet. The familiar smell will surely attract the attention of the animal, and it will be much easier to train it to the litter box.

Of course, you should clean the rabbit pot as often as possible. It is advisable to do this once every two days or at least once a week. If the tray is full, the rabbit will definitely not walk into it. You can leave the old filler in the toilet longer only directly during the training of the animal to it. Sawdust or pieces of paper should be kept exclusively in the pot itself. If they are scattered nearby, the rabbit will definitely take them for a continuation of the toilet.

Even potted rabbits leave pellets in different places in the cage from time to time. There are especially many of them near the feeder. The fact is that rabbits love to defecate while eating. All spools that are in the wrong place must be collected daily and discarded or transferred to a tray.

Sometimes even accustomed rabbits defiantly begin to go to the toilet in another corner of the room. Most likely, pets just show their character in this way. In any case, it is not worth scolding a naughty animal. In this situation, the pot just needs to be rearranged to the new corner that the pet has chosen.

Training procedure

So, the pot is selected and installed in the right place. Now let’s take a look at how to litter train your rabbit quickly and easily. To make it clear to the animal where to go to defecate, you first need to decide on a few code words. This can be, for example, “toilet”, “here”, etc. Then you should put the tray in the chosen place. This is best done in full view of your pet. In this case, it is worth repeating the code word several times.

After the tray is installed, you need to start carefully observing the rabbit. Determining what the animal wants to use the toilet can be quite difficult. But if you take a closer look, most likely, you will still be able to catch the right moment. As soon as the rabbit sits down in order to urinate or defecate, it must be picked up (carefully, trying not to frighten) and transplanted into the tray, repeating the code words.

If you still fail to catch the right moment, the rabbit pellets left in the wrong place should be collected with a cloth and transferred to the tray. Then you need to take the rabbit itself, put it in the toilet and let it smell. The same goes for urine. It must be wiped off with a rag, also placed in the tray and allowed to smell by the animal. The place where the rabbit urinated should be thoroughly rinsed with vinegar. The smell must be completely removed. If he remains, the rabbit will continue to go to the toilet not in the tray, but in this place.

How to train your rabbit to use the litter box

Rabbits are pretty smart and quick-witted animals. They are trainable, which is an added argument to keep a rabbit as a pet. Toilet training is relatively easy. Like any mammal, a rabbit simply needs to fulfill its physiological needs somewhere, so teaching a rabbit to walk in a tray is a very urgent task, especially given the strong smell from rabbit urine and feces. Rabbits are relatively clean animals and are well trained to manage their affairs in certain places. You just need to be patient and encourage the rabbit, not punish. Next step by step instructions on how to teach a rabbit to go to the toilet.

Start by placing the litter box in the cage where the rabbit urinates most and makes peas (usually one corner of the cage). You can transfer the soaked litter from the bottom of the cage to the tray so that the rabbit smells the “toilet” and quickly understands what the tray is for. As the bunny does in the tray, praise him. After several times, the rabbit should already guess what this “rectangular thing” is for.

After the cage, begin to train your rabbit to use the free box in the apartment. Even if the rabbit is in the same number, it is better to have several trays placed in the places where the rabbit is.

Sit with your rabbit in a small space and place the litter box in a corner. Put hay in the tray, place the rabbit there. Wait for him to do something, praise the rabbit.

The rabbit will not sit in the tray for a long time, do not force it. If your rabbit has urinated on the carpet, wipe off the urine with a rag and put the rag in the tray. Bring your rabbit, put it in the tray and let it sniff the rag in the tray. At the same time, you can say “toilet” or other words.

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If your rabbit has put peas on the carpet, place them in the tray. And again put the rabbit there, let him smell his feces, saying “toilet” or other words.

Observe the rabbit, as soon as he is about to do something like that, say no, pick up the rabbit and put it in the tray.

Of course, it makes sense to put the “used” bedding with a smell in the tray from the cage, give the rabbit a sniff, so that he understands that this is his corner for the toilet.

Repeat this from day to day, and the rabbit will learn to do it on its own.

Praise your rabbit for using the tray as intended.

Recommendations, useful tips

Do not scold, and especially do not hit the rabbit if he sprayed urine in the wrong place. Rabbits react very emotionally to this, it is more effective to apply the carrot method to them, rather than the stick.

Litter Training Rabbits 101

The older the rabbit, the easier it is to train it to the litter box.

Rabbits are easier to tame if you put everything in the system. feed and perform all procedures on a schedule.

You can use white vinegar to remove rabbit urine stains.

The filler for the tray can be sawdust, shavings, pieces of newspaper, straw, oats, etc. Some combine using paper underneath, straw on top.

You cannot put conifers for a rabbit’s toilet (their fumes are harmful to a rabbit), fillers, deodorizing crystals for cats, dogs (rabbits love to chew the contents of the tray and are likely to be poisoned), newspaper ink can also be completely unhelpful for a rabbit, clay, sand, etc. other fine-grained material can damage the respiratory tract of the rabbit.

If possible, the rabbit’s cage should be large enough to fit a tray. toilet.

Change the litter box. the toilet is necessary every day.

After a while, the rabbit may forget the science of using the toilet, if necessary, teach him again.

Rabbit feces can be used as fertilizer.

Remember that, despite all your efforts and good manners, the rabbit will sometimes spray urine and make peas throughout the apartment. It is in rabbits deeply inherent in nature. to mark the territory. From about four to five months, the rabbit grows up, and hormones begin to play in it, which leads to the rabbit behaving a little aggressively, climbing on everything that moves and does not move, spraying foul-smelling urine everywhere.

Neutering / neutering a rabbit can solve the above problem. The operation on the rabbit unambiguously changes its behavior. Rabbits become much cleaner, more tame. Sometimes immediately, and sometimes several weeks after the operation, the rabbits stop spraying urine and scattering peas. After castration, rabbits are very quickly tamed to the toilet. a litter box. You can read about castration / sterilization, pros and cons in this article.

To reduce the rabbit’s desire to mark territory, it is necessary to make the rabbit the real host of the cage. Do not do anything that shakes his self-confidence, does not like him (do not forcefully get out of the cage; do not clean the cage while the rabbit is in it; do not punish him by locking him in the cage so as not to turn it into a prison, etc.).


The first step is to accustom the rabbit to the tray in the cage, and only then can he be released to walk around the apartment. Otherwise, the eared may think that the whole apartment is one giant tray.

Preparing the tray

Even the smartest eared eared will not learn to walk on too small a tray. The same goes for the cell. In a cramped cage, the animal will not feel comfortable and will not learn to cope with the need in an established place.

A regular plastic cat litter box will do. A more hygienic option. special tray with mesh.

The rabbit got used to the old place

Breeders always teach rabbits to go to the litter box. And breaking the habit of old habits is sometimes very difficult.

In order for the animal to quickly settle in a new place, you need to take a little filler or hay from the old habitat. Smelling a familiar scent will make your rabbit feel confident and calm.

Caged tray

To teach your rabbit to walk in the litter box, you need to take time and patience. As soon as the pet relieves it, you need to take his “peas” and put them in the tray. Then put the culprit there, give him a sniff of the “peas” and say “toilet” or something similar. If the rabbit urinated in the wrong place, you need to wipe this place with a cloth or toilet paper, and then do the same as with the “peas”.

It is important to remember that although animals do not understand the meaning of words, they are very sensitive to intonation. Do not shout at the animal if it does something wrong. Scold the rabbit in a calm but stern tone. And only immediately after the incident. Then it makes no sense to do it. the poor animal will not understand what is needed from him, and in vain he will be upset.

If you manage to notice the crawl just at the time when he is just about to relieve himself, you need to quickly but carefully take him to the tray and say the selected command. After this, the pet needs to be praised, possibly treated with delicacies. Gingerbread and honey will help to train the animal to the toilet much better than a whip and chill.

We recommend placing the filler in the tray only. Your pet should clearly distinguish between the toilet and the rest of the cage.

Teaching the rabbit to walk on the tray

Rabbits are naturally very clean animals. Unlike other rodents, they never relieve themselves in their burrow. And this despite the peculiarities of their digestion.

The digestive system in rabbits is very weak. In order for food to pass through the food channels, it must enter the body constantly. And since there is no bottomless well inside the little animal, it must constantly cope with the need. However, the rabbit holes are always spotlessly clean.

Anyone who wants to learn how to litter a rabbit should keep these things in mind and be patient. Then everything will work out for sure!

The rabbit just turned 3 months old

At this age, puberty begins in rabbits. They mark everywhere and always. You can toilet train them, but it won’t work. Since peeing and marking territory are completely different things for an animal.

The problem can be solved by castration or sterilization. In a month he will calm down and start going to the toilet. If you don’t start, you can start learning. Neutered rabbits learn very quickly.

Why does the rabbit not go to the tray?

Rabbits are very clean animals and you can train them to the toilet quickly enough. If he flatly refuses to relieve himself in an established place, the reasons may be as follows:

Not comfortable!

If the rabbit is not confident in its abilities, does not feel like a master in its own hole, it will try to solve this situation with its own methods. That is, to mark the territory. At the same time, the peas are likely to cluster where they should be. in a specially designated place.

What to do? In this case, you should not scold the animal, it will only worsen the situation. On the contrary, you need to treat him kindly and respectfully. Having calmed down and believing in himself, he will stop bullying.

Can’t get used to a new toilet

Responsible breeders teach rabbits to walk into the tray from an early age. Only this may turn out not at all as expected. Having got used to their own toilet, animals will look for it in a new place. And a new, clean one will be ignored.

What to do? Grab some filler from the old toilet and pour it into the new one. The smell will tell the animal where to go.

Teaching the rabbit to walk on the tray

Not a single self-respecting rabbit will live in a dirty mink with a heap of excrement. These animals are very fond of cleanliness and try to maintain it in their habitats. A healthy animal will never go anywhere in need. Although nature has tried to create maximum obstacles for the observance of eared toilet etiquette.

The main difficulty is the too weak digestive system. It is designed so cleverly that the rabbit must eat all the time. Otherwise, his body will simply stop digesting and assimilating food.

Well, a large amount of food sooner or later turns into. Yes, the very one that often serves as a stumbling block in the relationship between man and animal. It must be remembered that the animal itself is not happy to serve as a constant source of dirt. And if the owner can explain to him where and how to do his business, he will gladly use this knowledge.

Wrong place

To understand which place the rabbit considers ideal for the toilet is not given to a person. One can only assume that it will be as far away from the bowls as possible, that it will be quiet there and, if possible, dark. But it’s easy to be wrong.

What to do? At first, it makes sense to put several trays in the cage. Let the kid choose for himself. He will probably try all of them first, but eventually he will settle on one.

Learning process

So that the rabbit does not cope with the need in the apartment, it should be released from the entrance only after it has passed the toilet exam for a good grade.

Became an adult

And he immediately notified the world of this with eloquent scent marks. As a rule, this begins in males upon reaching three months. At the same time, in his mind, he observes the rules. A tag for an animal is not at all the same as an excuse for need.

What to do? Castrate! Only this will save the situation. A month after the operation, the rabbit will forget that its territory needs tags.

How to teach to walk in a tray in an apartment

As soon as the toilet skill is fixed, the animal can be released for a walk around the room. You should not immediately give him the opportunity to run throughout the apartment. In conditions of such expanse, the baby can forget everything in the world. Or he simply will not have time to orient himself and return to the burrow on time. It is better to expand the free movement area gradually.

How to teach to walk in a tray in a cage

The process of training a bunny is not much different from that with kittens. In the same way, you need to collect the peas and put them in the prepared tray. The urine can be collected with toilet paper or a cloth. The main thing is that the smell is in the right place.

Then they put the rabbit in the tray and let him smell his own excrement. You can repeat the word “toilet” or something similar at this moment. The animal, of course, will not understand the meaning of his, but by intonation he can guess what they want from him.

For mistakes you can and scold. Only without strong screams, otherwise the effect will be exactly the opposite of what was expected. You need to reprimand strictly, but calmly. And only immediately after the incident. Sooner or later, the rabbit will learn what it does badly, causing the owner’s displeasure.

To achieve the result faster, you will have to try hard in the first days of settling the pet. As soon as he gets used to the new conditions, constant monitoring should be established for him. And as soon as the animal is ready to go to the toilet, immediately take it to the tray. But you need to act with caution so as not to scare. If the eared did everything right, this should be noted with a good piece of carrot and gentle strokes.