Differences under one month of age
If you can tell a shepherd from a mongrel at the age of 5-6 months, anyone who has ever come across pedigree dogs of this group, then not everyone will be able to make the right choice at the age of 3-4 weeks. What you should pay attention to at such a tender age?
Wool and color
The usual color BUT is black-and-back, when the back and sides of the dog seem to be hidden by a black veil. a saddle-cloth. However, the “German” can be coal-black and zone-gray. There are black with red tan, sable, black with silver, reddish-black. The color will be fully established only by the age of one year, but for now the kids wear colors similar to an adult dog, incorrect and blurred.
With seeming fluffiness, even in babies, the coat is elastic with a well-developed dense undercoat.
A small white “swallow” on the puppy‘s chest is allowed, but a dark spot inside the “swallow” is never. And the smaller the “swallow”, the better for the color of the dog.
To accurately determine the choice of a German shepherd puppy, ask to weigh it in your presence and compare the result with the table:
It is clearly noticeable with what tremendous speed the baby is gaining weight and height. This does not happen with mongrels.!
Documentation confirmation is a stamp on the inside of the hind paw both on the parents and on the puppy itself. Plus the metric, of course.
Embossed stamp and data about it in the metric must match!
If the baby does not have a stamp, then, most likely, the mating was “left”, the club did not give permission for it. Such a puppy can be purchased as a pet-pet. this is a real shepherd dog, to which the breed data, both exterior and psyche, were transferred from the parents, only the way to the ring will be closed to her.
In a BUT puppy, the eyes are set slightly obliquely, have an almond-shaped incision, and when the baby turns his head, trying to examine a new object for him, the pure white white of the eyeball is clearly visible. Due to this structure of the eye, the look of a shepherd dog is often compared to that of a human. Such eyes are found in the “German” and in the puppy of the East European Shepherd.
Rainbow bow from dark yellow to deep brown. Up to 2 months can be blue or light blue. The look is lively, expressive, curious and perky.
In puppies, mongrels have rounded eyes, slightly protruding. When turning the head, the protein stands out weakly, the color is yellowish or with a dark blotch. The look can be lively and curious, but it cannot be compared with a human one.
Clearly standing ears at 1.5-2 months of age in a puppy is what distinguishes a mongrel from a shepherd dog by 100%! The German Shepherd’s ears do not stand up at this age! Big and soft ears of shepherd dogs stand up by 6-8 months.
over, often the ears stand up first “like a house”, then they fall, then they stand up in turn and so on until they finally become firmly established on the top of the head.
From 3 months, puppies begin a wave of changing milk teeth to permanent ones. At this time, babies’ ears are always “in decline”.
A shepherd dog with good pedigree data of milk teeth by the beginning of the shift should have exactly 28. No more, less. too. Fusion of teeth or the presence of an incorrect bite is unacceptable.
These dogs have a scissor bite. That is, the incisors of the upper jaw are directly above the incisors of the lower jaw, and the upper canines barely overlap the lower ones. The lower canines freely enter between the upper extreme incisors and the upper canines, without touching them. friction between the teeth is excluded!
In isolated cases, babies up to one and a half months may experience “children’s overshot”, when there is a small gap between the upper and lower incisors and it seems that the lower jaw is pushed back. This is not a tribal marriage! These are still small teeth. But by the age of 3 months this should no longer be!
Mother and father
Never buy a puppy without making sure that its parents match the breed data of the German Shepherd. The best proof in this case is the correct documents for the parents and the kids themselves.
For complacency, you should call the club and find out if mom and dad are registered there.
Attention! The club may refuse permission to mate if one of the parents has hip dysplasia.
This is a hereditary disease (genetic predisposition), the signs of which can appear only by 6-12 months of lameness, increased fatigue, joint pain, unsteadiness of gait, X-shaped set of the hind limbs.
Dysplasia of the hip joint is a real scourge of large breed dogs (to which the German shepherd belongs). Treatment is long, painful and not always effective.
How to tell a shepherd from a mongrel
“It seems, but worthless!”. the judge of the ring shakes his head when in the ring of German shepherds something similar in color to purebred dogs appears in front of him. It is often necessary to frustrate the owners of mestizo and outright mongrels by refusing to participate in competitions, opening their eyes to the obvious discrepancies between the breed data of shepherd dogs and the appearance of some dogs brought to the ring. “But we bought a shepherd dog!”. the owners object.
This is where the main mistake lies: many non-specialists do not know how to distinguish a shepherd puppy from a mongrel, they are caught by the seller’s “sincere” assurances, and they buy a puppy of a similar color of a different breed or a completely outbred mongrel baby as a purebred German.
Consider the main points of how not to get lost with a choice and be able to recognize deception.
The German Shepherd puppy is originally oriented towards service and submission, which were brought up by his ancestors from generation to generation at the genetic level. The kid will gladly try to fulfill any of your wishes, if it is in his power, without showing either aggression or fear.
The mongrel puppy will try to avoid close contact with a stranger. Also at the genetic level.
Main articles of BUT and her puppies
So that you yourself can define a German shepherd, you need to consider:
The tail of a German shepherd dog and her puppy
The tail of the German Shepherd is long and saber-shaped, should not have creases. The last caudal vertebra must be sharp!
None of the parents should have such a tail.
The tail does not stretch over time, real shepherd puppies are born with “breed” tails.
with our material “How to distinguish a German shepherd puppy from a mongrel”, in which we tried to describe in detail the characteristic differences between dogs at an early age.
Ears of an adult German shepherd and her puppies
Ears NO. her distinctive card. Large isosceles triangles sit high, the auricles are turned forward. The edge of the earlobe is in a straight line from the outer corner of the eye.
When viewed from the side, both parallel ears are clearly visible. The shape of the auricle is in the shape of a lily petal. the very tip is barely turned back.
Babies’ ears may not stand up to 8-10 months. this is the norm. But their size and location on the head correspond to the set of the ears of an adult shepherd.
How to tell a purebred German Shepherd puppy from a crossbreed
When a decision is made to purchase a German shepherd, many questions arise, and the first of them is: “How to define a purebred shepherd puppy without confusing it with many very similar mongrels-mongrels?” over, most of them are almost an exact copy of the desired breed.!
It is difficult even for a specialist to make such a choice if the babies have not yet grown to 2 months. The puppies have not yet shown the breed characteristics inherent in the German Shepherd and they cannot be evaluated by height, weight and correct exterior development.
But it happens that a specialist is not around, and you have to rely on your own “sixth sense”. How to direct the “sixth sense” in the right direction, so that it helps to understand and recognize the shepherd dog or not before your eyes?
Topline german shepherd
The German Shepherd has a strong, powerful body structure without looseness and heaviness. a torpedo dog with a flexible elongated body and a smooth topline. Topline. the line passing through the thoracic, dorsal and sacral spine, that is, it starts at the withers and ends where the tail is “attached”.
In a physically well-developed dog, without internal diseases and physical abnormalities, this visual line runs smoothly, is perceived as a single one and does not have clearly defined boundaries-segments or depressions (pereschin, “saddle” or humpback).
Important! Unlike many other breeds, the topline of the German Shepherd is not traced from the withers or from the neck, but from the tips of the high-set ears to the very tip of the saber tail. Throughout the entire length, the top line should be “drawn” in a single smooth movement.
Advice. Ask the breeder to place the dog sideways to you, against the light and in a classic stance. Step back a few steps so you can see the whole dog.
We look at parents!
Such an outline has a purebred German shepherd. In the figure, for convenience, the statues of the dog are also indicated.
A conscientious breeder will never hide who the puppies came from, but basic knowledge about the appearance and statues of the breed will also help dispel your doubts.
The fundamental characteristics of any breed are:
- top line;
Head of an adult BUT and a puppy
The advantages of an adult’s head BUT does not make sense to describe in detail, they are well known:
- the head is close to the cone when viewed from above;
- the lines of the forehead and muzzle are parallel;
- the jaws are powerful, wedge-shaped, but not narrowed, like in a collie;
- the dental system is in perfect order;
- the nose is not divided by a groove in half (a forked nose) and has the darkest possible color without spots. ideally black;
- the skin fits snugly to the head, without sagging or folds;
- when the dog is alert, a “wrinkle” forms on the skull;
- the lips are dark, tight-fitting, without overhanging or fleece, like in a Great Dane;
- the length of the muzzle is almost equal to the length of the skull (50 to 50 is ideal);
- the width of the frontal part of the head corresponds to the length of the frontal.
The picture shows the ideal parameters of the head of a high-breed German Shepherd
The same parameters are preserved in puppies throughout their life, without changing even during the period of growing up.
In newborn puppies, the correct parameters of the ratios of the parts of the head are clearly visible
What to look for when examining
Now you can start examining. choose a baby that you liked, and now let’s talk about what a German shepherd puppy looks like:
- The coat is not too long;
- The skeleton must be powerful and strong;
Make sure there are no extra toes on your paws
- Pay attention to the joints on the legs, when they are large, it means the bones are good. As he gets older, they will look much more proportional;
- The front legs should be straight. curvature usually indicates rickets;
- Make sure that there are no extra toes on the paws. they should be plump, but not flabby. The pads are hard and thick, the claws are even;
- The eyes are usually blue in a newborn shepherd dog, 2 months later they change color. Experts say that a month-old puppy should not be light-eyed, as well as odd-eyed;
- One month old puppy should not have a widening forehead and a pointed muzzle;
- Ears rise in a German shepherd at 3 months. if they harden earlier, then the baby has problems with calcium;
- Examine the tail carefully. it should be free of kinks;
- The German breed has a shortened loin and back, a wide belt of the shoulders and developed hips;
- The eyes should be clean. free of mucus and secretions;
Keep your eyes clean. free of mucus and discharge
- When talking about what German Shepherd puppies look like, you can often hear about five moles near the mouth. However, this feature is not required, although it occurs quite often;
- Look into the baby’s mouth and pay attention to the bite. it should be scissor-shaped;
- When a shepherd puppy is 2 months old, his teeth are very small and sharp, but from 3 to 7 months they will still change;
- The tail should hang down with the saber, and not be dragged along the ground;
How to tell a German Shepherd puppy from a crossbreed?
The German Shepherd can rightfully be considered one of the most popular dog breeds. today there is a huge demand for such dogs. This is quite understandable. the German breed wins over with its excellent conformation, powerful build, high intelligence and excellent service qualities. Such a dog can become a loyal friend and protector who will always support in difficult times and come to the rescue in a critical situation.
This popularity has led some breeders to pay a lot of attention to the number of puppies, often sacrificing the quality and purity of the breed. Therefore, when buying, it is important to know how to identify a German shepherd puppy without signs of degeneration, which carries all the advantages of the breed.
Below we will talk about how a German shepherd puppy looks like and how it differs from a mongrel or a mongrel. this is important to know before choosing a pet from a breeder.
Wool and color
When figuring out what German Shepherd puppies look like, there is no reason to ignore such an important detail as coat type and color, which are among the most visible signs of the breed. Information on this topic will also help you learn how to distinguish a purebred puppy from a mestizo or mongrel.
The coat is usually black or black and tan.
In principle, at a young age, babies are usually black or black and tan, so only experienced people know how to distinguish a pure breed puppy. Very small hairs have a light “gray” in the form of very light fluff. it disappears during the first molt. But there are no white spots in purebred representatives of the breed. you should be aware of this.
Growing up, the dog forms its own color. a “mask” appears on the muzzle and all other signs of the breed. over, in non-purebred dogs, spots remain forever. they do not disappear anywhere.
As for the coat, it is quite tough, but quite pleasant to the touch. Although if you take ordinary mongrels, their coat at a young age is much more silky. The skin itself should not have any folds, sagging areas and flabbiness.
Differences between shepherds and mongrels
Now, to summarize all of the above, let’s put together a basic list of features that distinguish a purebred German Shepherd from a mongrel or mestizo:
- Two-month-old German Shepherd babies are much larger than mongrels. they grow and form much faster. Their skeleton is already beginning to acquire classic harmonious outlines, the paws are becoming powerful and strong. Mongrels at this age are still very small. their maturation is much slower;
- Mongrels usually have a very noticeable furrow on their foreheads, which you will not find in purebred Germans;
- Remember about the bite. it must be scissor-shaped, while the bite of the mongrels can be anything you like. This is one of the weak points of non-purebred dogs. their characteristics are unpredictable, being a kind of lottery;
- The shepherd dog should have no teeth defects. any curvatures and the presence of extra canines or incisors is a sufficient reason for rejection;
The shepherd must have no teeth defects
- Despite the fact that the ears of small shepherd dogs resemble burdocks, as they grow up, they become hard and stand on the head. In yard dogs, the ears, as a rule, remain hanging. that is why they do not seem as noble as the Germans;
- The mongrel has a barrel-shaped chest, while the purebred puppy has a massive and developed wide chest;
- The breed can also be distinguished by the shape of the paws. the Germans have them powerful, hard and developed with strong joints and no curvature.
What you need to find out before the examination
Before choosing a puppy for yourself, it is recommended to find out a number of important questions that will help to avoid the wrong decision. You should find out how many times a year the bitch gives birth. you should not take babies about the one that does it more often than once a year. Practice shows that if childbirth occurs more than once a year, the mother does not have time to gain strength to bear full offspring.
There should be no more than ten puppies in a litter. otherwise the mother does not have enough milk and internal resources to carry them out with high quality. Try to see how babies look like. they should be approximately the same size, of course, given the fact that a female shepherd puppy is always smaller than a male.
Of course, the process of choosing a puppy is an extremely important moment. after all, you are choosing a friend for yourself for many years. Therefore, you should treat this procedure responsibly.
But here it is important to clarify one serious point. before you go to the breeder, you need to decide what you need a dog for. If for participation in exhibitions or as an assistant in the search or rescue activities, then pickiness will make sense, since often the abilities of a service character are inherited.
But if you just want to have a dog that will be your friend, then it is quite possible that the issue of breed is not so important. After all, this is a living creature that will be sincerely disposed towards you if you manage to win his love. and where love is, the purity of blood is not so important.
University education: Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine. Year of release: 2010. Specialty: Veterinary medicine, Veterinary medicine. Experience I have more than 7 years of experience in a veterinary clinic. Experience of FSBI “All-Russian State Center for Quality and Standardization of Medicines for Animals and Feed”
Mongrels interbreed with any other dog regardless of breed. Shepherd dogs often become the second partner. Such a cross is again jokingly called shepherd. By the way, a descendant of a husky and a shepherd dog (including a cross between a shepherd dog and a ZSL) is also called a shepherd.
On the exterior, they can be very similar to the “Germans”, and can only remind them remotely. In any case, mestizos are distinguished by remarkable health, remarkable mental abilities, and devotion to the owner. Such a cross is almost one hundred percent adequate.
The content of the shepherd is attracted by its unpretentiousness, the ability to live outdoors.
Who are mestizos
Puppies obtained from crossing different breeds are called mestizos. It is believed that crossbred cubs are more hardy and strong. They have stronger immunity, less aggressiveness.
Usually, the mating process of pedigree animals is regulated by humans, so the result is more predictable. Although a new breed with its own characteristics may turn out.
It is characteristic of mestizos that they are quite capable of reproduction. Mating is possible between the mestizos themselves and with representatives of other breeds.
For your information! The largest number of mestizos are produced by mongrels. There, even in the distant generation, it is not possible to find any specific breed.
Cross with Alabai
Both breeds are distinguished by the presence of guarding qualities. The German Shepherd Metis and Alabai are more likely to inherit this useful trait. They are excellent watchmen.
In appearance, there are features of both breeds. From the Alabai they get a massive head, from the Shepherd. a dry, strong body. The character of the mestizo is stable-calm, even phlegmatic.
Cross with Akita Inu
A metis shepherd can inherit stubbornness from both parents. To keep them within the framework requires a tough (not cruel), systematic upbringing. As a result, an intelligent, adequate dog will grow from a mestizo shepherd puppy, with which it is not scary to leave even small children.
Both parents are large and energetic. This means that for their mestizo, the possibility of good physical activity should be provided. Also, it is better for a pet to live not indoors, but in a booth or aviary.
Varieties of shepherd crossbreeds
Since modern dogs descended from a wolf, and a shepherd dog (German, East European) most of all resembles him in exterior, then crossing them with other breeds occurs most often. The German Shepherd is reduced to:
- Siberian Shepherd Dog;
- golden retriever;
- Caucasian Shepherd.
Sometimes there is a mestizo and a shepherd dog, a cross between a husky and a Belgian shepherd, a mestizo Doberman with a shepherd dog, a husky with a shepherd dog and many other hybrids.
Note! Uncommon, but mixing breeds gave a new breed. At the same time, cynological organizations approach the recognition of mestizos with great caution.
Cross with a labrador
In appearance, a mixture of a shepherd and a Labrador is almost indistinguishable from the first parent. From the Labrador in local dogs only color. It is predominantly black, beige or brown, which has nothing to do with the “German” color. The hybrid has an elastic, powerful body, strong long legs and a short tail.
Sometimes the Labroneman, as the result of crossing is jokingly called, has gorgeous hanging ears, but if you stop them in time, you can get protruding pointed ears.
Note! From the Labrador, the cross inherits good learning ability, an agreeable character, a patient attitude towards the younger members of the family. “German” rewards him with irrepressible energy.
Metis gets along well with other pets. Nothing escapes his attention even at night. Hybrid sleep is very sensitive.
german shepherd indian pariah mix puppy growing from 2 weeks to 10 months
Cross with corgi
Metis Corgi and Shepherd Dogs are shown with very rigorous training and training. The desire for superiority in the corgi, combined with the stubbornness of the shepherd, can lead to unpredictable consequences. To dominate the owner, the cross uses the slightest chance. Further training is already pointless.
As for the appearance, the mestizo is somewhat smaller than the shepherd dog. Legs are noticeably shorter, that is, in a corgi.
Metis Shepherd Dogs: What Hybrid Puppies Look Like
Man has created a huge number of different dog breeds. As a rule, breed breeding involved obtaining an individual with certain qualities or enhancing any of them. Two breeds can produce a mestizo who has received the best (or required) from the parents. It should be remembered that if one of the parents is a large breed, for example, a shepherd dog, then the size of the puppies can go to it. Even if the second parent is smaller, there is a risk of raising a large dog.
Metis is the offspring obtained by crossing two or more breeds. Such offspring, as a rule, surpass their parents in some parameters. For example, it becomes stronger, more resilient, less susceptible to diseases, less aggressive, and so on. It is also characteristic of hybrids that they give offspring both among themselves and with other breeds. Most often, the appearance of mestizos occurs as a result of human intervention, with the purposeful conduct of experiments on animals.
The resulting dog has the traits of both of its parents, but their combination often allows you to even get a new breed. Mixing of species of dogs can also occur randomly, especially with regard to mongrels or those dogs that are outdoors without proper supervision.
Varieties of hybrids and their description
One example of crossbreeds is the Caucasian mestizo and the Central Asian shepherd dog. Many believe that the two breeds are close relatives, which is manifested by the presence of similar traits in appearance and behavior. However, breeders use these species to produce strong and strong puppies. Children from such “marriages” turn out to be massive, powerful and in appearance they are closer to the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.
Puppies have thick and strong muscular legs, a long and fluffy tail, which is often docked. The coat is thick, long, with a good undercoat layer, forms a “collar” around the head, and covers the rest of the body more evenly. Available in the following colors: white, dark brown, gray, red or beige.
Stafford / German Shepherd hybrids are characterized by an unpredictable character, high fighting skills, increased aggressiveness and stubbornness. At the same time, these are medium to large dogs, similar in appearance to the Staffordshire Terrier. Wool is usually short and does not cause any special problems for the owners. Such dogs are not recommended if there are children in the house.
Metis St. Bernard and Shepherd dogs are not so common, but this does not mean that they are not popular. These are large-sized dogs, having a somewhat frightening appearance, however, by their nature, the dogs are calm, balanced, stress-resistant. Such dogs are excellent protectors and guards, as well as just loyal friends.
Puppies from Chihuahuas and German Shepherds grow into small dogs, rather, they can be classified as small (if the shepherd’s genes predominate, then the growth is slightly higher). Such dogs feel great in apartment conditions, love to play, are sociable, smart and obedient.
When crossing a pit bull and a German woman, you get pretty cute puppies. They are characterized by calmness, pronounced protective properties. Most often, the coat color is brown, there may be black blotches, and the eyes of dogs are dark.
In the “marriage” of a boxer and a German woman, cute medium-sized puppies are born, loving children, distinguished by their friendliness and high guarding properties. However, such dogs can be stubborn.
Malamute when mixed with husky and German shepherd gives unusual offspring. In appearance, the mestizo can be mistaken for a wolf, however, the dog is not at all as dangerous as it might seem. Such dogs are friendly and get along well with children, their character is calm and balanced.
The Rottweiler can also be crossed with a German woman. The offspring is characterized by the following features: these are large animals, by their nature they are distinguished by curiosity, calmness, activity and mobility, self-confidence. Such dogs can show attempts to dominate the house in relation to other animals and even owners. The dog performs well protective and security work.
Between german shepherd PURE BREED Vs MIX BREED. German Shepherd HD
Hybrids of the West Siberian Laika and Shepherd Dog are large and hardy animals capable of performing various tasks, including the role of a sled dog. They are very loyal pets with a keen sense of smell and hearing. Of the minuses of dogs, it can be noted that they can run away, obey poorly, are wayward and have little inclination to learn.
A cross between a Belgian (Malinois) and a German shepherd is well suited for military service. Often they have a red color, in size. somewhat smaller than a German woman, which they also resemble in character. These are hardy animals capable of quickly developing running speed. Therefore, they are highly valued in the police services.
Doberman mestizos and German women have certain negative sides. For example, they do not tolerate loneliness poorly, need high physical exertion, react poorly to other animals in their “own” territory, and have an aggressive appearance. However, there are a lot of positive aspects: dogs get along with children, are quite calm and intelligent, easy to train, obedient, do not show unreasonable aggressiveness. Such mestizos have a high sentry and protective potential.
A mixture of a wolf and a German woman is distinguished by excellent health. However, it is rather difficult to get such offspring. Usually they use “domestic” she-wolves and males of the German shepherd. The offspring are called wolves. Outwardly, they are more like their mother-wolf. Wolfdogs are excellent watchmen and hunters. Animals are well-versed in the terrain.
Mestizos from the East European and German Shepherd Dogs have the following characteristics: they often exceed the height of their parents (height at the withers can be more than 70 cm, and weight. 60 kg), have a strong and muscular proportional body of dark colors (dark brown, black). They are calm and intelligent dogs, easy to train, great for family life, get along with children and love to play. The dog recognizes “his own”, and treats strangers with caution, however, does not show unnecessary aggression.
Puppies look like fluffy plush toys. However, they have a persistent character, so you need to be careful and careful in dealing with them. They are characterized by willfulness, independence, fearlessness. Such dogs are stubborn, self-confident, freedom-loving. They can show aggressiveness and anger, are somewhat unpredictable. Therefore, it is important for them to pay a lot of attention from an early age, to gain credibility. Such dogs often listen to only one owner, and simply ignore the rest.
Uncontrolled mating of mongrels and German shepherds is a frequent occurrence. In such cases, shepherds are obtained. Such dogs are distinguished by good health, immunity to many pathogens, and do not require special care. They are unpretentious in food and living conditions. They are prone to learning and training, are distinguished by their loyalty and devotion to the owner.
A mixture of Akita Inu and German women produces offspring that are stubborn in double size, since both parents have such traits. However, these mestizo are excellent family dogs and get along with children. Raising puppies requires patience, consistency and self-confidence, time and care. In this case, the pet will grow up to be an excellent dog. Adult dogs belong to the category of large dogs, so a spacious house in the yard is better suited for living. Also, a separate important point is the necessary adequate physical activity. This cross is distinguished by increased energy, therefore, walks should be appropriate.
The Siberian Shepherd is the result of mating a German Shepherd and a Husky. Also called shepski. They are hardy, intelligent, loyal, energetic, sociable, playful, obedient pets. They have highly developed protective and protective instincts. One of the important points is their thick and thick coat, which makes living in hot and warm climatic zones uncomfortable. The coat can be of the following colors: brown, gray, black, and the eyes are blue or dark, as well as different colors.
In size, Shepski are medium-sized dogs. Their height at the withers reaches 60-65 cm, and their body weight reaches 50 kg in males and 40 kg in females. Life expectancy is up to 13 years. However, with Shepski, certain difficulties can arise. Such dogs are difficult to control and educate, stubborn, can run away and engage in “theft”. Also, a mixture of a German woman and a husky is distinguished by a long molting period and its abundance.
A cross between a shepherd and a corgi is characterized by short stature. However, they have a strong dominant character and stubbornness. Therefore, it will be important for the owner to become an authority and have strong willpower. Otherwise, training such a dog will not bring results.
How to choose?
When buying a dog, it is always important to remember that it is not only “want”, but also responsibility for the life of another creature. It is easier to start communicating with your dog while it is still a puppy. In this case, the owner will be able to become a full-fledged authority and raise exactly the kind of pet that he needs. You need to understand that the dog requires attention and certain investments. This includes time, emotions, activities with an animal, and money (for example, for arranging a bed, food, vaccinations, and so on).
This may be due to the fact that the price of mestizo is usually less, with some characteristics being better than that of the original breeds.
In order to distinguish a cross from a purebred dog, there are “helpers”. international breed standards. They describe what a representative of the subspecies should look like. If there are significant differences, then most likely it is a mestizo. In some dogs, this may be a decrease in the number of teeth or a change in the ratio between length and height of the body, a different color. Also, hybrids always have the outward signs of both their parents. In any case, you should consult with a specialist before buying a puppy.
Mestizo shepherd dogs: features, types and tips for choosing
Mestizos are often found in nature, both among humans and animals. Mixing two different breeds of the same species can be random or deliberate to give the litter certain qualities. For example, a cross between a wolf and a shepherd dog can produce strong and hardy offspring, however, it can be wild and aggressive.
In history, there are examples of a cross between the German Shepherd Dog with Rottweilers, Great Danes, Siberian and Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Samoyeds, Golden Retrievers, Dachshunds and many other breeds. There were cases when multiple mixing of rocks led to the emergence of a new one. However, mestizos are not always recognized by national canine communities.
General rules of content
For the life of large mestizos, a house with a plot on which a spacious booth will be located is suitable. Also, for such dogs, daily physical activity is required in the form of walks, games, running. Every year, as a preventive measure, the dog is examined by a veterinarian. For small dogs, it is possible to create comfortable conditions in the apartment. However, daily walks are essential.
Also, when raising any mestizo, it is important to take into account that those features that will appear brighter in a puppy depend only on the owner. You should not be rude or aggressive, even if the baby or adult pet does not obey. This will help to avoid the formation of such behavior in the animal itself.
In nutrition, it is important to avoid those foods that can be poorly digested and absorbed due to the fact that genetically the parents of this mestizo did not eat them. The list of such products may include: smoked meats, a loaf and any flour products, yeast and dishes containing them, ketchup and mayonnaise, sugar, spices.
Metis with long hair need regular brushing from 2-3 times a week to daily procedures (especially during molting), while it is recommended to use hard brushes. As you can see, such dogs have a wide range of qualities. both positive and negative.
It is impossible to negatively relate to their “blood impurity”, because this is the result of human intervention. And the future owner is responsible for the upbringing and life of the pet.
For information on how to choose the right shepherd mestizo, see the next video.
Difference between a German Shepherd and a mongrel
There are few people who have never dreamed of becoming the proud owner of a German Shepherd Dog, a dog that occupies an honorable third place on the scale of dog intelligence. But oddly enough, most mongrels bear a resemblance to this particular breed. How to distinguish between these two dogs, especially since it is extremely difficult to do up to two months of age?
The German Shepherd is a dog bred at the end of the 19th century in Germany as a service dog on the basis of the Middle and South German guard breeds, a descendant of the northern wolf. According to the FCI classification, it belongs to Group 1. herding and cattle-breeding. Self-confident, well-controlled, good-natured dog with strong nerves.
A mongrel is a dog that has not belonged to any breed for several generations, often homeless. Due to tough natural selection, it has good health.
First of all, it should be said that you need to study the breed standard very well before buying a dog. It is very difficult for a layman to distinguish a German shepherd from a mongrel. But at least some conclusions can be drawn.
Mongrel to content
A shepherd puppy grows very quickly, as they say, by day. His body develops quite harmoniously, with the exception, perhaps, of adolescence, when the puppies have a somewhat awkward appearance. The mongrel does not gain weight with such force and does not grow so quickly.
Training. Already from 2 months of age a German shepherd puppy can be trained. He quickly, with several repetitions, remembers the commands and fulfills them with pleasure. A mongrel can’t do it.
The head is rough or too light. an indicator of outbredness. In a shepherd dog, it is moderate in all respects. The forehead is slightly arched. The transition from it to the muzzle is poorly expressed. The nose is rather large and always black. In mongrels, unlike a shepherd, the frontal groove is clearly visible.
Moles. Five black moles near the corners of the mouth are clearly visible in a shepherd puppy, but they are not an indicator of the breed.
The eyes are almond-shaped, clear and dark, smoky-blue up to two months of age, the look is focused and intelligent in a shepherd dog. This is not the case for the mongrel. Her eyes are more rounded and often bulging.
The ears of the German Shepherd, especially puppies, are very long, “burdock” until they start to stand. In mongrels, if they are not mestizo, they are medium in size, can remain hanging.
The shepherd’s chest is well developed and massive. In mongrels, it is more barrel-shaped.
Paws. Experienced breeders determine the breed primarily by the structure of the paws. Pedigree dogs are “aristocratic”. moderately elongated, even and large. In German Shepherd puppies, they stand out especially.
The tail in a stance at the German Shepherd is lowered and resembles a saber. The mongrel has it thrown in a ring over the back.
Color. The shepherd dog is characterized by a black-backed coat color. White spots on the chest, which are quite common in mongrels, are unacceptable for the breed.
The coat of the German Shepherd is harsh, although very pleasant to the touch. In a mongrel, the coat is softer, as if silky. The skin of the German Shepherd is very elastic, it does not form sagging and folds.
Traffic. A purebred dog carries its paws very close to the ground, without throwing them, in contrast to a purebred dog. The back is straight when standing and walking. Moves at a low-lying trot.