How to help your dog with constipation?
How to provide first aid to a dog at home? Let’s immediately determine that home treatment is safe only if there is no suspicion of intestinal volvulus or blockage.
Home therapy should start with gentle measures. clockwise abdominal massage with gentle palpation. If the animal cannot go to the toilet for more than a day without special fear, you can use Duphalac, which allows you to get rid of the problem in a few hours.
Important! During the treatment of constipation at home, it is advisable to keep the dog on a starvation diet, but not to limit the intake of fluids.
Constipation of any duration leads to dysbiosis, so taking medications with probiotics and lactobacilli will not harm. Instead of food, the dog can be offered live yogurt or homemade kefir, which will help the microflora to recover. If the dysbiosis is threatening, you can use drugs that are sold in regular pharmacies, for example, Hilak forte or Linex, without prescription.
For large and medium-sized dogs, express enemas such as Microlax can be used. The disposable tube contains a drug that has a contact effect on the intestinal wall and makes the rectum work more actively.
When choosing medicines yourself, it is important to understand that laxatives are divided into contact and osmotic types. Both types have a solid list of contraindications and side effects, so read the instructions carefully before using them. For example, the well-known and widespread drug Senade helps well at the initial stage of constipation, but is not recommended for animals with a sensitive digestive system or chronic intestinal diseases.
What is constipation?
Constipation is considered a violation of the digestive system, it can be considered a symptom or an independent ailment. In most cases, the first and only symptom of constipation is the inability to empty the bowels.
It is known that medicine is divided into categories. Doctors dealing with bowel and digestive problems consider constipation to be a symptom. Many general practitioners argue that constipation can be an independent disorder and lead to negative consequences.
In most cases, the development of malaise is closely related to the lifestyle and individual characteristics of the body. Most veterinarians are universal specialists, that is, they assess the patient’s condition both from the point of view of a therapist and from the point of view of a gastroenterologist.
When diagnosing constipation, the maximum amount of factors is taken into account. For example, as a puppy, dogs have expected digestive problems as their diet expands and the intestines have to digest new food. In this case, constipation in a puppy can alternate with diarrhea. Depending on the state of the animal and the clinical picture, the veterinarian makes a conclusion about the state of the intestinal microflora.
You need to understand that constipation, like diarrhea, is a serious threat to the health of the animal. In case of indigestion, not only the intestines or stomach suffers, but the entire body. It is a mistake to think that some organs or systems are more important for survival. Without proper digestion, the entire body will starve, and this can lead to systemic disorders.
Few know that if you ignore occasional constipation, the problem can lead to chronic ailments. With diarrhea, the main threat to health is dehydration, with constipation, intoxication. If the animal cannot empty the intestines, the liver, kidneys and other organs are affected.
Constipation in a dog: types, symptoms, causes, treatment
What to do if you suspect constipation in your dog? Is it possible to make a quick and correct diagnosis and provide assistance at home? What are the risks of mistakes and ignoring the problem? We’ll figure it out below.
Non-digestive causes of constipation
A common cause of non-systemic constipation is blockage of the paraanal glands. The paranoid glands secrete a pungent-smelling fluid with every bowel movement. If metabolism is disturbed, the liquid may become thicker or thinner. In the first case, the emptying of the glands does not occur completely, in the second, their work becomes hyperactive. Regardless of the causes and pathways of development, violations lead to inflammation of the paraanal glands with all the ensuing consequences.
The first and obvious symptom of inflammation of the paraanal glands is severe itching in the anal area. Owners note that dogs begin to ride on the bottom of the floor in an attempt to relieve the itching. Such instinctive actions lead to scratching of the anus and its infection. Some dogs start to pay too much attention to licking the crotch or bite out the coat in an attempt to relieve itching.
Blockage of the paraanal glands is eliminated by mechanical squeezing of fluid from them. Regular cleansing of the glands is not a solution to the problem, as it is necessary to find the root cause and eliminate it. In rare cases, such as when a dog suffers from an atopic allergy, cleaning the paraanal glands becomes a lifelong necessity.
Problems with the musculoskeletal system can lead to the development of a spastic and proctogenic type of constipation. With pain during movement, the dog cannot take a comfortable position for defecation. To avoid pain, the dog will delay the urge to have a bowel movement as much as possible. It is important to understand that the pet cannot normally empty the intestines without taking the usual position for this.
A hernia can lead to the development of any type of constipation. In general terms, a hernia is a modification of an organ or its protrusion. For dogs, the most common types of hernia are the umbilical and inguinal.
Usually, immediately after birth, the hernia is mobile and is set with slight mechanical impact. However, there are also strangulated hernias, into which fragments of the intestine can fall. In addition to constipation, a hernia can lead to the death of intestinal fragments, necrotic processes, sepsis and death.
Dogs are advised to carry out parasite prophylaxis at least once every three months. If the frequency has been violated or you picked up a puppy with a strong helminthic infestation, his intestines may be filled with parasites.
After the worm, the parasites die or cannot move. The intestine pushes them to the anus, but in the process of movement, the worms can turn into a dense lump. In this case, a full-fledged intestinal blockage develops, which leads to severe intoxication. To avoid such consequences, with a strong helminthic invasion, two hours after taking the anthelmintic drug, it is recommended to give the dog adsorbing agents, and after another half hour. a laxative.
Types and causes of constipation in dogs
Depending on the intended consequences, the severity of the course and the state of the body as a whole, constipation is usually divided into several types. Some of the following types of constipation are not diagnosed, since the symptoms in most cases are “vague”, and treatment tactics do not differ much.
In the first place in terms of prevalence is the neurogenic type of constipation. The disease is not permanent and manifests itself under some circumstances. The first cause of neurogenic constipation is stress. After moving, traveling, severe fright or punishment, the dog may stop going to the toilet. The problem can drag on for several days and be resolved without outside interference.
The problem is not related to physiology, as it develops against the background of the fact that the dog consciously restrains the urge to empty the intestines. It should be understood that restraining bowel movements can be associated not only with stress, but also with pain. For example, if there are neoplasms in the rectum, it hurts the dog to go to the toilet, and it takes as long as it can.
The long-term nature of the problem leads to the fact that the body adapts more slowly to digest food and “accumulate” feces. This way out of the situation leads to a general slowdown in metabolism and the work of intestinal motility. Ultimately, the dog develops a chronic form of constipation.
Neurogenic constipation can also develop against the background of insufficient walking. An adult dog knows that it is not allowed to go to the toilet within the home. If the owner walks the dog too rarely, he has to restrain his urge to have bowel movements and urination. It has been found that litter-trained animals are less likely to develop problems with the digestive system and kidneys in old age.
Neurogenic constipation can develop against a background of severe pain syndrome, regardless of the nature of the origin. over, neurogenic constipation can have several causes that are combined. After giving birth, the dog cannot normally go to the toilet, because the intestinal walls are stretched, the peritoneum is restored, and the dog itself suffers from stress and pain.
After spaying, dogs also often have problems with bowel movements. The reason is that after anesthesia, the elasticity and work of the muscles is restored gradually. After surgery, even if it was not performed on the abdominal cavity, digestive problems, including constipation, are considered a normal option.
The second most common type of constipation is called nutritional, and its development is directly related to the diet of the dog. If you feed the animal unbalanced, do not enrich the diet with vitamins and microelements, hard fibers and sufficient water, constipation is the expected consequence.
Important! Dogs should not be given foods that provoke fermentation, namely butter dough, sweets, pasta. Foods containing marinades, smoked products and other prohibited delicacies can lead to disruption of the digestive system.
One of the most common causes of nutritional constipation is dehydration. With a lack of water in the body, the feces become coarser and the intestines cannot push them to the anus. When the situation is delayed, the feces are compressed into a dense hard plug, which damages the mucous membranes when moving.
A common cause of dehydration in a healthy dog is dry food when there is a lack of water. If you decide to feed your dog dry food, make sure that there is a drinking bowl with clean, fresh water available at all times. Be sure to change the water in the drinker at least once a day, especially in hot weather.
Important! Many owners have no idea that constipation in a dog can develop from bones. Dogs can indeed be allowed to gnaw on large moslaks and cartilage, but tubular bones, which split into sharp fragments, are strictly prohibited. In veterinary medicine, there are cases when a dog’s stomach was completely clogged with bone fragments, which led to a stop in digestion and, as a result, to constipation.
One of the most common, but difficult to diagnose, type of constipation is spastic. Such malaise can occur in animals that live in a hostile environment, are often stressed, or eat an unbalanced diet. Against the background of common factors, the dog undergoes gradual degenerative changes in the body, as the body adapts to the conditions of life. Usually, at the time the problem is discovered, the changes become irreversible.
Note! Spasmodic constipation may indicate a more serious underlying ailment, after treatment of which the dog’s condition usually improves.
Diagnosis of spastic constipation is carried out on an individual basis and usually includes several steps. The problem is that the individual characteristics of the organism do not allow to judge the state of health of the animal in theory. For example, the theory is that a dog should have a bowel movement at least twice a day. However, there are animals that go to the toilet once a day or even once every two days and are absolutely healthy. If the veterinarian suspects a spastic type of constipation, the diagnosis falls on the owner’s shoulders, since the condition and behavior of the animal must be closely monitored for a long time.
The spastic type of constipation leads to the formation of dry, hard, compressed feces. When stool moves through the intestines, cracks and scratches form on the mucous membranes, which can become infected. With a prolonged course of spastic constipation, you may notice that the dog’s anus is irritated. Usually, at this stage, the colon is severely damaged and scarred, which can lead to chronic constipation.
The next hypodynamic type of constipation develops against the background of low mobility and activity. Usually this type is observed in animals that are obese, have recently undergone a serious illness or surgery and are forced to comply with a “recumbent” regimen. The second most common risk group is pregnant dogs in the last stages. When the peritoneum of the animal is rounded, it becomes difficult for the pet to walk and run. Another risk group is animals over 7 years old. Constipation in an elderly dog is considered to be expected as it slows down metabolism and decreases activity.
Mechanical constipation is more common in young animals and puppies. There can be two reasons: mechanical squeezing of the intestines or the ingress of a foreign object into the digestive tract. Mechanical pressure on the intestines can occur due to an increase in any organ, hernia, ascites and other disorders. In this case, constipation is just one of the symptoms that you will observe.
Important! It must be understood that the ingress of a foreign object into the digestive system or mechanical action on the intestine can lead to its volvulus.
The proctogenic type of constipation is due to the individual characteristics of the body and the sensitivity of the digestive system. Also, the proctogenic type of constipation can develop against the background of diseases that affect the intestines. Sooner or later, this type of disorder leads to an acute course of the disease, the development of an inflammatory process in the large and small intestines, the formation of ulcers and cracks, the development of diseases such as colitis or gastroenteritis. Regardless of the causes of proctogenic constipation, the animal needs urgent help and treatment.
Aggressive treatment is a common cause of constipation in dogs. For example, antibiotics cause dysbiosis in an animal, which leads to general disorders of the digestive process, diarrhea or constipation. Long-term use of antispasmodics can provoke the development of constipation, which does not help traditional treatment. The use of narcotic drugs to immerse an animal in anesthesia also causes a violation of the elasticity and contraction of muscle tissue, but in this case, such a “side effect” is expected.
The endocrine type of constipation is known to veterinarians and exists in theory, but it is extremely difficult to diagnose it. A disorder is a symptom or consequence of a thyroid-related ailment. For example, with hypothyroidism, regular hormonal disruptions, or diabetes, your dog may develop endocrine constipation. The most common cause of chronic endocrine constipation is hormonal disruption due to empty leaks.
Important! For the prevention of thyroid diseases and other equally serious ailments, animals without breeding value are recommended to be castrated before the onset of the first estrus or the entry into the age of sexual heat.
Another type of constipation that is practically not diagnosed is atonic. Atonic constipation is not accompanied by the inability to empty the intestines, on the contrary, the dog goes to the toilet, but the volume and density of the stool is disturbed. Too fast emptying of the intestine leads to injury in the lower part. It is important to understand that with the atonic type of constipation, the dog cannot go to the toilet in a timely manner, because he does not feel the urge. Emptying of the bowel occurs at a time when it is full. The cause of the violation. the work of intestinal peristalsis is disrupted.
Note! The concept of atony indicates a malfunction of the muscles or loss of the ability of tissues to contract.
Megakolon is a disease that develops against the background of an enlarged colon. Usually, the disease develops against the background of congenital pathologies or impaired intrauterine development. The first symptoms appear in puppyhood, as the baby often suffers from constipation despite being fully fed. To establish a diagnosis, the puppy must be shown to the veterinarian and examined in detail. You should not panic in advance, since dogs are prone to digestive problems at a puppy age.
Types, causes and effects of constipation in dogs
Common signs of constipation, other than the inability to defecate, are anxiety, weakness, and general signs of poisoning. Against the background of a decline in strength, the animal may look apathetic, refuses to eat, walk or play. The main symptoms of intoxication are cyanosis of the mucous membranes, a decrease in body temperature, vomiting and nausea are possible.
The possible consequences of constipation in a dog are directly related to the reasons for the development of a malfunction of the digestive system, the duration of the malaise, the age of the dog and its size. For example, constipation in a small dog will lead to intoxication much faster than a similar problem in a large animal.
Regardless of size, breed and other factors, it is believed that the inability to empty the intestines for more than 2 days is constipation. At first, the inability to empty the bowels may not be noticed, but symptoms such as apathy, nausea and belching, active bubbling in the abdomen, fetid odor from the mouth and pain syndrome are difficult to miss.
Important! One of the symptoms. refusal to eat, cannot be considered permanent. The dog may not feel hungry due to the so-called false feeling of satiety.
General violations against the background of constipation and intoxication, leads to the manifestation of external signs. You may notice that the dog’s coat has lost its inherent shine, has become bristled, break or fall out. A close examination of the skin reveals that it is covered with small scales and has become coarser.
If the constipation continues for more than two days, you may notice that your dog’s urine has developed a distinctly offensive odor. If the problem is ignored for more than two days, the liver and kidneys most often suffer, which is expressed by a mild form of jaundice and impaired salt metabolism. Splitting and brittle nails can also indicate severe intoxication.
How to distinguish constipation from intestinal obstruction?
When self-diagnosing the disease, it is important to be able to identify constipation in a dog and distinguish it from intestinal obstruction. Only in some cases, intestinal necessity and constipation are the same concepts, for example, if the disease has developed against the background of a blockage of the intestine with a foreign object.
A more serious problem than constipation is a complete blockage or volvulus. The most common cause of a complete blockage in the small intestine is eating cellophane, such as sausage casings or crab sticks.
Important! Volvulus is a very serious condition that affects many active dogs.
The general rules for keeping dogs are not recommended to walk animals immediately after feeding, since activity on a full stomach can overlap a fragment of the intestine. Intestinal overlap leads to rapid tissue death, necrosis and sepsis. The condition is deadly, and the clinical picture develops in a matter of hours. The problem is solved only by surgery, and you can’t wait and watch.
The main differences between intestinal volvulus and constipation are the rapid development of the clinical picture. Constipation accompanies a blockage in the intestines, but is not the first indicative symptom. Before you realize that your dog has trouble emptying the bowel, there will be a drop in body temperature, pale mucous membranes, severe abdominal pain, bad breath, irregular heartbeat, general weakness and lethargy.
If you are in doubt about the correctness of the diagnosis, an x-ray with a contrast agent should be performed. Usually, barium is used to take pictures, which is poured into the mouth of the animal before x-rays. By the luminescence of barium in the picture, with the naked eye, you can see how much the intestine is passable, in which part of it there is a blockage and how much it is filled with feces.
The consequences of frequent constipation in a dog
It is important to understand that there is a lot of information about the treatment of constipation in dogs, but most of the guidelines are given with serious reservations. The success of treatment depends on many factors and cannot be guaranteed. Diagnosis of this ailment is also difficult, since the first main symptoms are associated with behavioral changes.
Spastic and neurogenic constipation, which we talked about above, may not be accompanied by obvious symptomatic changes. The owner may note that the dog went to the toilet while walking, but overlook the fact that the volume of feces is insufficient. This type of development of the disease is called secretive, it is often overlooked even by experienced owners and leads to very serious consequences.
Constipation is always accompanied by intoxication, which (at first) does not manifest itself with vivid symptoms. The dog continues to live as if nothing had happened, but an observant owner will notice that its activity and endurance is reduced. The problem is that with age, animals and without any ailments become less active, and against this background, the symptoms of the development of chronic constipation can be missed.
Important! Many suspicious dogs hide their ailment, because, according to the laws of nature, a sick animal is vulnerable to attacks.
With the development of a chronic form of constipation, the dog suffers not only from the inability to completely empty the intestines, but also from nausea or vomiting. Constant trauma to the intestinal mucous membranes leads to pain syndrome, which can be determined by the constant tension of the peritoneal muscles and the pet’s resistance when trying to palpate the abdomen.
How much liquid do you need and how to prepare
To flush the intestines, you need to adhere to the following volumes of fluid, depending on the size of the dog:
- weight about 50 kg. within 1 liter;
- weight about 20-40 kg. within 500 ml;
- weight up to 20 kg. within 200 ml.
Enema is done using Esmarch mugs (for large dogs), suspended at a height of no more than 1 m, as well as syringes and rubber pears of various sizes. In small breeds (dwarf) dogs, the use of a syringe for 10 cubes is allowed. It is safest to use rubber-tipped instruments to avoid injury during the procedure. Before the enema, you can enter the dog No-Shpu or Baralgin (intramuscularly, at the rate of 0.1 ml / 1 kg of weight) to relax the intestines, relieve pain and prevent spasms at the time of the procedure.
Veterinary paste for removing wool from the body of animals, also used as one of the laxatives that improve intestinal motility.
Veterinary drug with a pronounced laxative effect, which contains: lactulose, lactose and galactose. Stimulates the growth of beneficial lactic acid bacteria in the large intestine and increases the “water content” of feces. Effective for severe constipation.
Injected solutions for enemas for constipation can be:
General prevention of constipation
In the absence of internal diseases, constipation can be successfully prevented. To prevent constipation from causing inconvenience to the pet, you must:
- exclude small and soft bones from the diet, fragments of which can serve as a direct cause of constipation and intestinal trauma with sharp edges;
- give large bones (for example, beef moss) only raw;
- diversify the entire diet, excluding feeding monotonous food;
- when using dry feed, provide free access to water and in sufficient quantity;
- be sure to add vegetables, bran and cereals rich in fiber to the diet;
- periodically add beef tripe (raw, frozen) to food, which contains enzymes and microflora, which allows you to more fully digest food;
- timely carry out deworming of the animal in order to exclude intestinal blockage by “helminth tangles”;
- daily active walks twice a day for at least one hour;
- watch out for what the dog grabs in the mouth (stones, small toys can cause intestinal blockage).
All of these measures imply their use in a healthy animal. If constipation in the dog has already been detected, then abundant feeding and increased activity are contraindicated for the animal.!
What is the danger of constipation
The consequences of prolonged constipation are serious enough. The main risks are:
- general intoxication of the body;
- critical internal intestinal trauma, up to rupture of the intestinal walls;
- violations in the functions of internal organs and systems;
- excessive stress on the heart;
- violation of the trophism of the skin with the subsequent appearance of itching, scratching, places of baldness;
- death of the animal if the intestines are not emptied within 4-7 days.
Herbal laxative tablets for the symptomatic treatment of constipation. Available in three forms, dry tablets are suitable for a dog. This medicine for constipation is good for the chronic form.
- Intestinal neoplasms.
- Diseases of the prostate in males.
- Inflammation of the paraanal glands.
- Spine pain.
- Diseases of the liver, kidneys.
- Neurological and orthopedic diseases.
Constipation in a dog
Such a seemingly banal problem as constipation in a dog, in advanced cases, can even lead to intoxication and rupture of the intestines, damage to internal organs and, as a result, the death of the animal. To prevent this from happening, you must follow the correct daily regimen and diet of your pet.
But, if such a nuisance has already occurred, each pet owner should know what to do in this situation and how to provide his pet with first aid.
In order to notice changes in the natural processes of dog’s emptying in time, you need to notice how many times your dog goes to the toilet, and what is the normal emptying schedule for him.
- Puppies can void about five times a day.
- Adult dogs. one or two.
- Aging dogs. every two to three days.
Earlier, I already told you what feces should be in a healthy dog: evenly colored and well-formed. If deviations from the norm appear, you need to sound the alarm.
What not to do during constipation
Every dog owner should know what should not be allowed during such a discomfort of a pet:
- Under no circumstances should you give your dog laxative tablets from a human medicine cabinet. Any pills and potions should only be prescribed by a doctor.
- You can not scold a dog if she cannot go to the toilet, because she is already very bad.
- If the animal has swallowed a foreign object, then do not try to remove it yourself. A good way to provide first aid if your dog has swallowed a sharp bone or other object, offers veterinarian Olga Korkh.
- You can’t force the dog to eat.
- Do not load the animal with active physical activity, because the cause of constipation can be caused by a serious illness.
It is not difficult to determine the manifestations of this ailment. There is a violation of the usual rhythm of emptying the animal. The dog begins to go to the toilet less often than usual, or does not go at all. Trying to empty the colon is painful. The feces come out little by little and with great difficulty. The dog pushes, whines, but to no avail. In addition, the belly of the ponytail may swell a little. The animal becomes restless. Decreases appetite. Sometimes vomiting may develop.
Wrong rhythm of life
- Improper nutrition.
- Feeding bones.
- Lying, sedentary lifestyle.
- Rare and short outdoor walks.
- Inadequate fluid intake.
- Entering the intestines of a foreign body (stone, toy).
Causes of constipation in dogs
Difficulty in a dog’s bowel movement can be caused by a number of reasons. They can be divided into those that are associated with the wrong rhythm of life of the four-legged, and which are associated with diseases.
If it is not possible to immediately contact a veterinarian, you can try to help your pet on your own. First of all, exclude from the diet of the four-legged heavy solid and dry food, steep meat broths, muscle meat, eggs.
If the dog eats dry food, then it must be slightly soaked before feeding. Feed your dog small portions of warm, semi-liquid food. You can give a little boiled sea fish, a stewed vegetable stew made from cabbage, carrots, zucchini and pumpkin. Treat your dog with kefir. If there is no allergy, then you can give the tail 2-3 plums. It is very important that the animal has constant access to water.
Do not give your dog every medication in a row. You should choose one thing:
- Give your pet petroleum jelly at room temperature. You can inject it into the mouth with a large syringe without a needle, or by forcibly opening the mouth, pour oil into it with a spoon. The principle of infusing the oil is the same as when giving the dog a pill. The oil should be given 2 times a day until it is completely cured. Small dogs only need one teaspoon at a time. Medium. a tablespoon. Large. a couple of tablespoons of oil at a time.
- Cabbage juice helps a lot (but keep in mind that it can cause flatulence), an infusion on pumpkin seeds (pour a spoonful of seeds with a half glass of boiling water and leave for 30 minutes).
If these remedies do not work, you can give your dog a water enema. The enema is applied with a rubber bulb. The water should be slightly lukewarm. For safety, you need to put a muzzle on the dog. Lay the pet on its side, lubricate the bottom with Vaseline, gently insert the tip and start slowly pouring in water. Do not forget to stroke the furry’s tummy, talk and calm him down. To prevent water spilling out immediately after removing the tip, press the tail against the bottom. Then take the animal outside.
It is very important for prolonged and persistent constipation not to self-medicate, but to urgently consult a veterinarian to identify an accurate diagnosis, because constipation in a dog can be caused by a serious illness.
It is best, of course, not to treat, but not to admit the problem. To do this, you must adhere to the following rules:
- Follow the rules and feeding schedule. The dog’s diet should be balanced: the presence of vegetables, fruits (fiber contributes to proper digestion). Feeding exclusively with meat products, steep broths, lack of fiber, lead to the fact that the dog will constantly suffer from constipation. If you do not know what will cook your pet, then I suggest looking at these simple recipes for food for dogs.
- Small bones, especially bird bones, should not be fed to a dog, as eating bones can lead to constipation. Check out what bones you can sometimes give to dogs.
- Avoid the use of foods that cause flatulence in your diet.
- Add seaweed, fish oil, olive or sunflower oil to your quadruped’s diet.
- Your pet must have easy access to water at all times.
- Walk the animal more often.
- Load him with vigorous physical activity. But do not forget that you cannot do this immediately after eating.
- Provide preventive vaccination and deworming.
If you follow these simple rules for keeping an animal, then your dog is not more likely to be constipated.
How to tell if a dog has constipation
Defecation disorders in pets are common. So, constipation in a dog occurs more often than in cats and there are many reasons for this. Determining fecal stasis in a pet is quite simple. With regard to treatment, things are a little more complicated here.
Pay attention to your dog’s diet
Noticing signs of constipation in a dog, it must be immediately transferred to another diet. It is important to completely eliminate dry food and bones. You do not need to dilute porridge with fat broth. To improve the work of peristalsis, once a day, you can add 1-2 drops of vegetable or olive oil to food.
If stagnation in the intestines of a pet is often observed, then its nutrition needs to be balanced and varied. The following foods will help to improve bowel function:
- barley and buckwheat porridge (not in broth);
- boiled vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, broccoli, beets);
- cabbage juice.
Vegetables can be given both boiled and raw. Prunes are also useful, but feeding such a treat to a dog is not easy. It can be finely chopped, added to the main food of the animal 2-3 times a week.
It is necessary to completely exclude fatty foods from the diet. Also, if you have frequent bowel problems, dogs should not be given a lot of meat. Avoid whole milk and fresh baked goods. over, do not give your pet what you eat yourself. His feeding must be separate.
If a puppy is constipated
Overeating is the most common cause of constipation in puppies, as at this age dogs usually do not know what to do and eat until they see the bottom of the bowl. Therefore, at the first problems with bowel movement, you need to reconsider the number of feedings for a small pet and reduce portions.
If defecation is completely absent, then the animal should be taken to the veterinarian. In case of partial excretion of feces, the puppy can be helped to restore stool by the following methods:
- give half a teaspoon of petroleum jelly;
- do a tummy massage;
- resort to micro enema.
- Postoperative constipation in dogs
Intestinal obstruction after surgery is quite common. And this applies not only to humans, but also to dogs.
If the dog has symptoms of constipation after the operation, then it should be immediately taken to the veterinarian. Otherwise, the animal may undergo another surgical intervention.
The causes of constipation in dogs in the postoperative period are antibiotics and other medications that are given to the pet for a better and faster recovery. Therefore, it is important to maintain the animal’s microflora healthy until the end of therapy.
The pet’s diet during this period should consist exclusively of light foods. Useful will be the use of kefir with the addition of bran.
How to help your pet
If you notice constipation in dogs, treatment should be started as soon as possible. If the feces come out partially and the animal feels satisfactory, then you can try to cope with the problem yourself.
With drugs that activate the work of peristalsis and intestines, dogs are allowed the following means:
- Sodium Picosulfate.
It is better to refrain from medical treatment of your pet in the complete absence of defecation. In this case, the dog must be taken to the veterinarian for a complete examination. If the cause of constipation is some kind of ailment or a swallowed object, then giving the animal a laxative, you can harm it even more.
Also, do not self-medicate if constipation is accompanied by anxious behavior, drowsiness, vomiting, refusal to eat, and soreness of the abdomen. The dog needs to carry out a number of laboratory tests, do x-rays and ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
Can a dog do an enema for constipation?
Constipation in a dog, what to do if there is no stool for more than a day? An enema is a great way to help your pet empty. It provides one hundred percent emptying of the intestines from the accumulated feces.
However, an enema for a dog with constipation is recommended only in case of functional stool retention. If a problematic bowel movement is associated with a pet having a serious illness or pathological formation in the intestine, then an enema can be harmful. Therefore, before starting such treatment, you need to consult a veterinarian.
The enema solution should be warm. For the best effect, petroleum jelly is added to it. The pear should be introduced into the rectum without effort, gently and slowly. If the liquid does not pass and immediately flows out, then the procedure should not be continued. This may indicate an intestinal obstruction.
Recognizing constipation is easy
In the absence of any intestinal problems, the dog defecates twice a day. Owners may suspect constipation in a pet due to the absence of bowel movements for more than a day. If the animal has never gone to the toilet during the day, then this is a wake-up call that it’s time to visit the veterinarian.
Also, constipation in a dog has the following symptoms:
- making an effort when trying to defecate;
- attempts to go to the toilet end in nothing;
- soreness when emptying (the dog may whine);
- too dry stool;
- a small amount of faeces of an abnormal shape;
- presence of hairballs in feces.
In animals, with a prolonged absence of stool, the urge to defecate becomes more frequent. The dog often asks to go outside, whines and trembles, but in the end, after another attempt to defecate, the feces still do not come out. At the same time, the pet’s belly is unnaturally hard when probing, which is explained by bloating due to the accumulation of gases.
First aid at home: liquid paraffin
Constipation in a dog what to do at home to relieve the condition of the pet and restore stool? If you are sure that the dog is constipated due to improper nutrition, for therapeutic purposes, you can give it a small amount of petroleum jelly.
Vaseline oil for constipation in dogs helps to soften the stool accumulated in the intestines and resume the work of peristalsis. In addition, this substance is absolutely safe for dogs, since it is not absorbed into the body and is excreted along with excrement.
You need to give the oil inside, putting it in the animal’s favorite treat. It should be warm, and the portions are small: half a teaspoon for small dogs, a teaspoon for medium and one and a half large ones. The recommended dosage is given twice a day, until the stool is restored.
If the animal has no appetite, then the remedy can be given with a syringe, after removing the needle from it.
Possible causes of the disease
Constipation in a dog can be caused by a variety of different causes. It is not necessary to panic if the dog has not emptied for 24 hours. The number of bowel movements per day depends on the size of the four-legged friend, his physiology. Drastic measures should be taken on the 3rd day of no bowel movement.
The causes of the disease are divided into two groups. The first is associated with the general rhythm of life, regimen and type of food. The second consists of diseases and conditions that can cause constipation in a puppy or adult.
Let us first turn to the reasons for the first group:
- Constipation in a dog after eating bones, stones.
- Foreign objects entering the intestines.
- A sedentary lifestyle without stress.
- Stress and nervous conditions in a pet.
- Excessive portions when feeding.
- Lack of drinking, irregular portions.
- Lack of a balanced diet.
- Too rare walks outside.
- Long-term medication.
Small toys may be accidentally swallowed by your dog. If the item does not come out on its own, contacting the veterinarian cannot be avoided. It is important to maintain sufficient mobility for your dog every day. Time for active activities should be tailored to the needs of the particular breed.
Complications during bowel movements in a pet can cause:
- Inflammatory processes of the pancreas.
- Diseases of the intestines, joints, spine.
- Neurological problems.
- Hepatic and renal diseases.
- Tumors in the intestines, anus.
- Enlarged prostate in males.
Ailments that provoke obstructed defecation include gastritis, flatulence, chymostasis, coprostasis. The presence of a large number of helminths can also cause a symptom. The veterinarian can understand the exact cause by taking an X-ray of the abdominal cavity. In addition, a general blood test and ultrasound examination are prescribed for a pet in a veterinary hospital.
It is necessary to distinguish between intestinal obstruction and ordinary defecation disorder. With intestinal obstruction, peristalsis completely or almost completely stops. A pet in this condition needs immediate veterinary care. A similar ailment threatens the life of a pet.
What to do if your dog is constipated? In comparison with intestinal obstruction, it is not so dangerous. But if the dog does not empty for a long time, it is not worth delaying with serious measures. Certain medical conditions can cause regular (chronic) bowel problems.
Do I need to go to the veterinarian
Constipation in a dog at home can be cured. When signs of difficult bowel movements appear, you need to use folk methods. If within a few days the pet’s condition has not improved, you should consult a doctor.
Constipation in Dogs
The severe form of the disease is accompanied by blood and foam in the feces, vomiting, and fever. The feces have an unpleasant putrid odor. In such cases, you should contact the veterinarian immediately. After contacting the veterinarian, the owner will know exactly what measures to take. This will eliminate the risk of improper treatment of the pet.
How to recognize constipation in dogs
It is not difficult to understand that your pet has intestinal problems. On average, an adult dog empties 2 times every 24 hours. You need to observe not only the timely intake of food, but also the pet’s bowel movement regimen. You have to do this because your four-legged friend cannot tell you about how you feel unwell. Responsibility for the first aid provided on time falls entirely on the shoulders of the owner.
Puppies void much more often than adults. The number of evacuations depends on age and varies between 3-5 times per day.
Signs of constipation include:
- Stomach ache. Due to the bloating caused by an obstruction in the intestines, the dog experiences painful sensations. This is evidenced by whining, discomfort when lying. The pet does not allow touching the sore spot, avoids touching.
- Small amount of stool. Even if defecation occurs, then in small quantities. Dark-colored, excessively dry stool, may include blood, undigested food pellets.
- Vomiting and intense thirst. In some cases, violation of the act of defecation causes vomiting. The pet drinks abundantly, he may have a feverish state.
- Loss of appetite, lethargy. The pet moves a little and reluctantly, does not want to walk. General unwellness causes lack of appetite.
- Difficulty passing out. The pet squats for a long time, but there is no desired result.
The medical name for this condition is constipation. In advanced cases, if the animal does not defecate for a long time, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention. The master’s task is to prevent such an outcome. At the first signs of a problem, you need to help your pet. Violation of the emptying regime goes away on its own in rare cases.
First aid using an enema
For constipation at home, you can give the dog an enema. This is one of the most powerful ways to provide quick help. If your pet has not been able to go to the toilet for 48 hours, you can resort to this method.
Before the procedure you will need:
- Warm water.
For greater effectiveness, you can use saline or chamomile tea. It is permissible to add slightly warmed vaseline oil to the pear.
If the pet is large, it is advisable to take a second person to help. The procedure is carried out in the bathroom. The enema should be injected carefully and slowly into the rectum. You should first put on rubber gloves in order to clamp the anus of the animal for 1-2 minutes.
Water can be poured out immediately without moving through the intestines. This indicates intestinal obstruction. In this case, you need to contact your veterinarian and use other methods of treatment. It is useless to continue the procedure.
Constipation in a dog after surgery
The mode of bowel movement after surgery is often disrupted in dogs. In order to avoid repeated surgical intervention, you need to consult a specialist. The veterinarian will accurately indicate the cause of the disease. Most often, defecation disorders are triggered by side effects of drugs.
If the cause is minor, your veterinarian will tell you what to give your dog to relieve. A special diet will help. Such a diet includes fermented milk products, food that is not heavy for digestion, and cereals. Fiber contributes to the normalization of processes in the digestive tract, so bran can be added to kefir.
What can be treated. suitable drugs
Certain laxatives and medications should be used as directed by a specialist. The veterinarian will prescribe medication depending on the cause of the complications during bowel movements. Do not try to figure out on your own how to treat a four-legged friend.
For dogs, treatment includes the following medications:
- Mucofalk. promotes the normalization of intestinal function, created on a plant basis.
- Duphalac. promotes more active bowel function, facilitates bowel movements.
- Magnesia. promotes liquefaction of feces by increasing water flow into the intestines.
In addition, the veterinarian may prescribe glycerin suppositories. If the ailment is caused by infection with helminths, anthelmintic drugs are used. One of these medicines is Parasitel.