home Dogs How to tell if a dog has contractions

How to tell if a dog has contractions

How to understand that there is a temperature if you do not measure it

Some of the dog breeders say that you can tell if there is a temperature by looking at the dog’s nose. This is a delusion, dry or wet nose of a dog. it doesn’t matter.

But if the dog rolls out its tongue and breathes heavily, lies down, trying to gather in a ball, or vice versa, spread out its body as wide as possible, if it lies in a puddle, seeks out a warm or cool place. you can judge with a certain degree of confidence that with something is wrong with her.

How to take a dog’s temperature

Every dog ​​owner at least once in his life wondered how to measure the temperature of a dog. After all, temperature measurement is an informative method that allows you to learn a lot about the pet’s well-being, to determine the presence of a disease at first.

A thermometer, mercury or electronic, is in every home, and if it comes to the need to measure the temperature of a dog, both are suitable. The animal must have its own personal thermometer. this is advisable for hygienic reasons, and therefore it is necessary to have its own measuring device for it, the same as for a person.

How to take a dog’s temperature

An electronic thermometer is the most desirable tool for carrying out such a procedure. with it, accurate results can be obtained in 1.5-2 minutes, and the mercury one will have to be kept for about 3-5 minutes. Measurements are carried out by the rectal method, the thermometer is inserted into the anus of the dog about 2 cm.

tell, contractions

If you are wondering how to measure the temperature of a dog, and will be doing it for the first time, it is worth noting the following points:

  • The tip of the thermometer must be lubricated with petroleum jelly or baby cream so that its introduction does not cause severe discomfort.
  • In the process of measuring the temperature, it is worthwhile to calm the dog down, talk to her affectionately. If her appetite is normal and her condition does not cause serious concern, you can treat her to her favorite treat.
  • It is necessary to take measurements in a calm environment, in a quiet place, so as not to cause unnecessary anxiety and anxiety in the dog.
  • After measuring, the thermometer must be disinfected (for example, wiped with alcohol).

If you need to learn how to measure the temperature of a dog at home, and you simply do not know how to organize this procedure, and how to position the animal correctly, it is worth noting that it is better to put the dog on its side. If this is your first time doing the procedure, it will be easier for her and for you. If the dog has had to deal with such activities in the past, and you also have a similar experience, you can leave the animal in a standing position, as veterinarians do.

Do measurements need to be taken often??

If there are no veterinary recommendations in the control of the animal’s condition, it is worth taking temperature measurements only if you suspect ill health. or in a situation when the animal is sick, and you monitor its condition on your own. Before vaccinations and during a veterinary examination, the doctor can also check the temperature of the four-legged patient. The only exceptions in this regard are purebred puppies, the temperature of which breeders control in the first days after birth. in order to prevent illness and death.

If there is a suspicion of injury or illness, open wounds, bruises, other injuries, if the dog has fought with other animals, suffered from human actions, the temperature may indicate an inflammatory process, and malfunctions in the body as a whole.

Dull and protruding coat, lack of appetite, cramps, vomiting or diarrhea, inappropriate animal behavior. all this indicates the need to measure the temperature and consult a veterinarian. It does not matter whether the temperature is high or low with such symptoms, in any case, one can judge about health problems, and sometimes the need to urgently save the animal.

Features of the procedure

Often, the question of how to measure the temperature of a dog is asked by the owners, whose animals are simply frightened of this procedure, begin to run away, resist. This is a completely normal reaction of a dog if it has not experienced such events in the past, or if they were painful, unpleasant. You should not resort to violence in cases where it is possible to avoid putting on a muzzle, tying, pressure on the dog. in most cases, the owner may well convince the dog to calmly perceive what is happening if he gives him a little attention and affection. This will be the best approach and will definitely help in the future, with subsequent measurements, if any are ever needed.

You can even teach the dog to such procedures, develop a command “go to measure”, “be treated”, or other similar. Warning each time with the chosen words about the need to carry out such a procedure, and rewarding the animal during or after its implementation, you can easily achieve that the dog itself will come up at the first call to measure the temperature.

Norm and its variants

Another important question that can torment the owner after measuring the temperature of the dog is whether the obtained value is really normal. This is not always easy to understand, because in dogs this indicator is more individual than general. in contrast to humans. The abundance of breeds, their different sizes and physiology create wide gradations of the norm from 39.3 for puppies of small breeds and up to 37.4 for a large adult. An ebony bitch will have a higher temperature than normal, and before and after childbirth, the indicator will drop. Physical activity, emotional state. all this and much more leaves its mark on the indicator. And therefore it will not be stable.

You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.

Signs of labor in a dog

During the preparatory period, the body prepares for the birth of puppies, the dog’s birth canal opens up. The first sign is a change in the bitch’s behavior. She worries, digs the floor with her paws, begins to rush and hide. An expectant mother may ask to go outside, but only after going out there she returns home. Some dogs may refuse to eat, while others, on the contrary, will not leave the bowl. It is important during this period to calm and caress the dog, to support it.

The restless behavior of the dog is associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure. The first contractions of the uterus are almost imperceptible, and the bitch begins to feel pain, not yet very strong.

There are also physiological signs of impending labor. In about five days, the dog’s belly sinks, pits appear on the sides. If during this period you look at the bitch from above, from the side of the tail, it will seem thin.

The day before giving birth, the body temperature of the expectant mother drops to 37 degrees, while the normal body temperature of a dog is 38-39 degrees. Also, before giving birth, puppies freeze in the womb, although before that they actively move and push.

A few hours before giving birth, the bitch develops thick whitish discharge and the loop softens. She also has chills and tremors, breathing quickens. This suggests that the process has started, and labor will begin within 24 hours. If in a day everything remains the same and the contractions do not start, you need to take the dog to the veterinarian.

The second stage of labor is contractions. They become more intense, and attempts are added to them.

Some dogs can give birth while standing, but they usually puppies lying on their right side. If a bitch gives birth in a special box, then with each push she rests against one wall, and presses her croup and back against another.

At this stage, it is easy to follow the contractions of the uterus. You need to put your hand on the dog’s belly, and you will feel how the uterus hardens at the onset of the contraction and how it relaxes after. In the intervals between attempts, the bitch breathes heavily, relaxes, and during especially strong contractions, some women in labor may even scream.

Preparing for childbirth

The nest for the dog and its future puppies should be covered with clean sheets. You also need to prepare a safe heating: a heating pad or an infrared lamp. Keep in mind that hypothermia and overheating are equally scary for puppies. During childbirth, you will need another heated box. the puppies will lie here until the last of them appears. The room where the birth will take place must be quartzized, wet cleaned and vacuumed.

On the eve of childbirth, you need to trim the dog’s fur on the belly, around the anus and loop. Long hair should be gathered in bunches.

Also, at the place where the birth will take place, you need to have a supply of diapers and basic necessities. an oilcloth, a basin, a thermometer, cotton wool, syringes, scales. Medicines will require alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, analgin, calcium gluconate, diphenhydramine and vitamin B12.

First signs

The first and foremost harbinger of an approaching relief from the burden is a sagging belly. As soon as it seems to you that the dog has lost weight, its spine will appear, which means that it will not be long to wait, 7-2 days.

Carefully observe your pet at this time, changes in behavior and physiological signs will tell you exactly the hour of the onset of labor:

  • Abdominal prolapse due to relaxation of the abdominal and abdominal muscles.
  • Fur faded from the abdomen around the nipples.
  • Changes in the color of the skin at the nipples, colostrum secretion in experienced bitches who have already given birth a few days before the onset of labor. The first time this may not happen, in young dogs milk begins to be released either right before childbirth, or right in the process of labor, so do not worry if it did not appear earlier.
  • A drastic change in behavior. A few days before the onset of full-fledged contractions, intra-abdominal pressure gradually increases, which gives the dog unpleasant sensations. She may be passive and sleepy, or restlessly looking for a place to nest.
  • Often bitches begin to gnaw everything that comes their way, thus trying to relieve internal psychological stress.
  • The manifested desire to constantly be close to the owner, attempts to ask for something incomprehensible, periodic whine indicate that there are several days left.
  • He constantly asks to go outside, but once he gets there, he immediately returns. The uterus presses on the bladder, therefore, the animal cannot resist for a long time from the administration of natural needs.
READ  How to tell if a puppy has worms

These signs appear about a week before the expected date and intensify as the day of birth approaches. As soon as you notice such manifestations, start active preparation, rebuild your schedule, someone should always be with the animal to calm it down. The stress caused by fear of approaching or loneliness can greatly complicate labor and even interfere with it, thereby damaging the mother and children.

Agree with the veterinarian about a possible urgent call and prepare a place for the puppies and the necessary items and medicines to help your pet. Try to take into account all possible scenarios for the development of events.

Signs before childbirth

About a day before the beginning of the contractions visible to the naked eye, more specific symptoms of an approaching event begin to appear. It is very important not to miss them and to provide the dog, especially giving birth for the first time, all the necessary conditions and moral support.

The day before the puppies appear:

  • The animal begins to either absorb food with a huge appetite, trying to accumulate a supply of energy before an important event, or completely refuses to eat due to poor health.
  • Diarrhea and vomiting may begin. The body is trying to get rid of excess filling that interferes with the passage through the birth canal.
  • The temperature is dropping. Depending on the size of the animal, the measurements of the rectal thermometer may drop by several degrees. For dogs of giant and large breeds, the difference in readings is the smallest. On average, 37.37.5 degrees. In decorative and dwarf breeds, the temperature drops to 36-35 degrees. This is the surest harbinger of the onset of labor.
  • Colostrum is secreted more actively.
  • The loop relaxes and becomes soft.
  • The dog spends all the time actively licking the genitals.
  • A mucous protective plug comes out, which is a whitish or yellowish viscous liquid with greenish or brown blotches.

When all these signs appear, labor can be considered to have begun. It is very important to fix the time of all changes, since it will help to find out if everything is proceeding correctly and if help is needed. If, after a decrease in temperature, contractions do not begin within a day, it is necessary to help start labor. This can only be done in a veterinary clinic by specialists; you cannot try to speed up the birth process at home on your own.

  • How to tell if your dog is in labor
  • How to tell if your dog is in heat
  • Childbirth in small dog breeds: how to help your dog

Process

It is possible to understand that the most responsible and difficult stage has begun. the contractions and the release of the fruits outside, can be based on certain physiological signs that show the state of the animal. Any deviation from the norm at this point should be carefully recorded and recorded. Perhaps this will come in handy if you need an urgent surgical intervention.

To understand that contractions have begun is simple:

  • The amniotic protective bladder breaks and water leaves. Most often it is this moment that inexperienced owners miss, since the yellowish cloudy liquid is too easy to confuse with urine and attributed to incontinence caused by a long period.
  • The animal settles down in a prepared box, resting its back against one of the walls, and stretching its legs and leaning against the other wall.
  • Breathing quickens, becomes intermittent.
  • Heartbeat much higher than normal.
  • The gaze gradually becomes defocused, as the dog is completely immersed in itself in order to experience the pain that it feels at this moment.
  • If you put your hand on your stomach, you can feel contractions that occur in a certain sequence. The longer the process takes, the more often they will happen.
  • The owner feels the seal that appears just above the hinge. If it is dense enough, then the first puppy is already on the way.

Be sure to mark the beginning of active contractions, as if they last longer than 2-2.5 hours, the dog is not allowed to carry the burden on its own. In this case, immediate veterinary assistance is needed. Delay often leads to the death of the fruit and even the pet itself.

Signs of labor in a dog

During the preparatory period, the body prepares for the birth of puppies, the dog’s birth canal opens up. The first sign is a change in the bitch’s behavior. She worries, digs the floor with her paws, begins to rush and hide. An expectant mother may ask to go outside, but only after going out there she returns home. Some dogs may refuse to eat, while others, on the contrary, will not leave the bowl. It is important during this period to calm and caress the dog, to support it.

The restless behavior of the dog is associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure. The first contractions of the uterus are almost imperceptible, and the bitch begins to feel pain, not yet very strong.

There are also physiological signs of impending labor. In about five days, the dog’s belly sinks, pits appear on the sides. If during this period you look at the bitch from above, from the side of the tail, it will seem thin.

The day before giving birth, the body temperature of the expectant mother drops to 37 degrees, while the normal body temperature of a dog is 38-39 degrees. Also, before giving birth, puppies freeze in the womb, although before that they actively move and push.

A few hours before giving birth, the bitch develops thick whitish discharge and the loop softens. She also has chills and tremors, breathing quickens. This suggests that the process has started, and labor will begin within 24 hours. If in a day everything remains the same and the contractions do not start, you need to take the dog to the veterinarian.

The second stage of labor is contractions. They become more intense, and attempts are added to them.

Some dogs can give birth while standing, but they usually puppies lying on their right side. If a bitch gives birth in a special box, then with each push she rests against one wall, and presses her croup and back against another.

At this stage, it is easy to follow the contractions of the uterus. You need to put your hand on the dog’s belly, and you will feel how the uterus hardens at the onset of the contraction and how it relaxes after. In the intervals between attempts, the bitch breathes heavily, relaxes, and during especially strong contractions, some women in labor may even scream.

Katya M.

How to know if your dog is about to give birth

Waiting for offspring in dogs is a troublesome process that requires a lot of responsibility from pet owners, especially if their dog is preparing to become a mother for the first time.

Pregnancy, periods of bearing offspring

Ideally, the gestation period for puppies is 63 days, but if there are more pups in the litter, then the birth comes earlier, and vice versa, if less. later by several days. The duration of bearing offspring depends on some other factors: the age of the bitch, breed, keeping and feeding conditions. In total, taking into account all errors. 56-72 days of pregnancy are considered a normal period.

As a rule, the more puppies (in large breeds there are up to 15 pups in a litter), the easier the birth is. As practice shows, with a small number of puppies, there may be a small generic activity associated with insufficient stimulation of the uterus.

The early period includes the first three weeks of pregnancy, when the dog’s lifestyle practically does not change, the animal is still active and sociable. In some cases, toxicosis may occur.

In the period from 3 to 6 weeks, the bitch becomes more cautious and less mobile, eats well and gains weight.

In the last 6-8.5 weeks, the pet becomes lethargic, anxious, practically does not go for walks and begins to build a “nest”.

Signs before childbirth

About a day before the beginning of the contractions visible to the naked eye, more specific symptoms of an approaching event begin to appear. It is very important not to miss them and to provide the dog, especially giving birth for the first time, all the necessary conditions and moral support.

The day before the puppies appear:

  • The animal begins to either absorb food with a huge appetite, trying to accumulate a supply of energy before an important event, or completely refuses to eat due to poor health.
  • Diarrhea and vomiting may begin. The body is trying to get rid of excess filling that interferes with the passage through the birth canal.
  • The temperature is dropping. Depending on the size of the animal, the measurements of the rectal thermometer may drop by several degrees. For dogs of giant and large breeds, the difference in readings is the smallest. On average, 37.37.5 degrees. In decorative and dwarf breeds, the temperature drops to 36-35 degrees. This is the surest harbinger of the onset of labor.
  • Colostrum is secreted more actively.
  • The loop relaxes and becomes soft.
  • The dog spends all the time actively licking the genitals.
  • A mucous protective plug comes out, which is a whitish or yellowish viscous liquid with greenish or brown blotches.

When all these signs appear, labor can be considered to have begun. It is very important to fix the time of all changes, as it will help to find out if everything is proceeding correctly and if help is needed. If, after a decrease in temperature, contractions do not begin within a day, it is necessary to help start labor. This can only be done in a veterinary clinic by specialists; you cannot try to speed up the birth process at home on your own.

First signs

The first and foremost harbinger of an approaching relief from the burden is a sagging belly. As soon as it seems to you that the dog has lost weight, its spine will appear, which means that it will not be long to wait, 7-2 days.

Carefully observe your pet at this time, changes in behavior and physiological signs will tell you exactly the hour of the onset of labor:

  • Abdominal prolapse due to relaxation of the abdominal and abdominal muscles.
  • Fur faded from the abdomen around the nipples.
  • Changes in the color of the skin at the nipples, colostrum secretion in experienced bitches who have already given birth a few days before the onset of labor. The first time this may not happen, in young dogs milk begins to be released either right before childbirth, or right in the process of labor, so do not worry if it did not appear earlier.
  • A drastic change in behavior. A few days before the onset of full-fledged contractions, intra-abdominal pressure gradually increases, which gives the dog unpleasant sensations. She may be passive and sleepy, or restlessly looking for a place to nest.
  • Often bitches begin to gnaw everything that comes their way, thus trying to relieve internal psychological stress.
  • The manifested desire to constantly be close to the owner, attempts to ask for something incomprehensible, periodic whine indicate that there are several days left.
  • He constantly asks to go outside, but once he gets there, he immediately returns. The uterus presses on the bladder, therefore, the animal cannot resist for a long time from the administration of natural needs.
READ  The dog has a temperature of 39 what to do

These signs appear about a week before the expected date and intensify as the day of birth approaches. As soon as you notice such manifestations, start active preparation, rebuild your schedule, someone should always be with the animal to calm it down. The stress caused by fear of approaching or loneliness can greatly complicate labor and even interfere with it, thereby damaging the mother and children.

Agree with the veterinarian about a possible urgent call and prepare a place for the puppies and the necessary items and medicines to help your pet. Try to take into account all possible scenarios for the development of events.

How to understand that a dog is giving birth?

Childbirth is one of the most difficult and dangerous physiological processes in a dog’s life, therefore, it is necessary to treat them with care and responsibility, to understand their mechanics, and to be able to accept. This is especially true of bitches going through pregnancy for the first time, because they do not even understand what is happening to them and until the puppies are born they feel rather sick than carrying a new life.

The owner, who is experiencing such an exciting period in the life of a pet for the first time, needs to carefully prepare and responsibly approach the study of the issue in order to notice the first signs of an approaching birth and be able to provide the necessary assistance.

Process

It is possible to understand that the most responsible and difficult stage has begun. the contractions and the release of the fruits outside, can be based on certain physiological signs that show the state of the animal. Any deviation from the norm at this point should be carefully recorded and recorded. Perhaps this will come in handy if you need an urgent surgical intervention.

To understand that contractions have begun is simple:

  • The amniotic protective bladder breaks and water leaves. Most often it is this moment that inexperienced owners miss, since the yellowish cloudy liquid is too easy to confuse with urine and attributed to incontinence caused by a long period.
  • The animal settles down in a prepared box, resting its back against one of the walls, and stretching its legs and leaning against the other wall.
  • Breathing quickens, becomes intermittent.
  • Heartbeat much higher than normal.
  • The gaze gradually becomes defocused, as the dog is completely immersed in itself in order to experience the pain that it feels at this moment.
  • If you put your hand on your stomach, you can feel contractions that occur in a certain sequence. The longer the process takes, the more often they will happen.
  • The owner feels the seal that appears just above the hinge. If it is dense enough, then the first puppy is already on the way.

Be sure to mark the beginning of active contractions, as if they last longer than 2-2.5 hours, the dog is not allowed to carry the burden on its own. In this case, immediate veterinary assistance is needed. Delay often leads to the death of the fruit and even the pet itself.

What to do if you notice symptoms?

The only sure step is to go directly to your veterinarian. When transporting an animal, adhere to the following rules:

  • At temperatures above 40 ° C, cool the pet’s body as much as possible (with ice, a cold heating pad);
  • If the value is below 36.5 ° C, carefully wrap the dog and put a warm heating pad next to the body.

It is possible to start treating a dog with medicines only after determining the disease. First, the pet must be diagnosed at the clinic. After that, the type of disease is established and treatment is prescribed.

In order to avoid dehydration of the dog’s body when the temperature rises, it is necessary:

  • Ventilate the room;
  • Cover openings and windows with a dark cloth to protect from sunlight;
  • Cool the body with a wet cloth;
  • Regularly refresh the water in the animal’s bowl.

Treatment with drugs is used only in emergency cases, when the animal simply may not have time to get to the veterinarian or the temperature exceeds 41.5 ° C.

In this case, the most effective remedy is an injection consisting of 2 ml of analgin and 1 ml of noshpa. You need to inject the injection intramuscularly.

In addition, veterinarians forbid giving the dog paracetamol, even in small doses. It causes internal bleeding and can be fatal.

How to understand what a dog has a temperature, what is normal and what is a deviation

Can you tell by the nose?

Many also believe that a hot, dry nose is a characteristic symptom of high fever. However, this is largely a misconception, since a dry nose does not directly determine whether a pet is sick or not. Periodic drying and heating of the tip of the nose may be due to the following reasons:

  • excessively active games or physical activity;
  • general overwork of the dog’s body due to a long walk on the street;
  • warm and dry room of the apartment (especially during the winter months);
  • after sleep, the metabolism is slowed down and the secretion of moisture is reduced;
  • sharp nervous tension;
  • the reaction of the dog’s body to a sharp change in weather;
  • hormonal changes in your pet during estrus or after childbirth.

Average normal values

Each breed has its own standardized temperature indicators. However, veterinarians have revealed a certain dependence of this value, based on the characteristics of the breed, the age of the pet and its overall dimensions. The table below shows the temperature ranges that are considered “normal” for different breeds:

Age and size of the dog Temperature values ​​(° C / from and to)
Young individual:
small breed 38.5–39.3
medium-sized breed 38.5–39.0
large breed 38.0–39.0
Adult:
small breed 38.5–39.0
medium breed 37.5–39.0
large breed 37.5–38.5

The presence of deviations from the norm can be associated not only with the disease of the animal. A standard set of reasons that can affect the temperature readings of the dog’s body:

  • strong physical activity;
  • a sharp state of fear;
  • contractions during childbirth in bitches;
  • temperature rise during estrus in females.

Several ways to determine the temperature of a dog without a thermometer

The key to good physical condition and activity in dogs is a normal temperature regime. In many ways, it is this indicator that is an indicator of the health and internal well-being of the animal.

If you notice a sharp deterioration in the condition of your pet, then you need to urgently go to the veterinary service.

How to check without a thermometer?

To measure temperature indicators without a thermometer, veterinarians advise using 1 of the 4 methods below:

  • Feel your pet’s paw pads and ears. If some kind of infection has entered the dog’s body and provoked a rise in temperature, then you will find hot paws and ears of the animal. This is due to the accumulation of a large number of blood vessels in these places. When an infection gets in, blood flow to the paws increases.
  • Touch the groin or armpit area. When the temperature rises in the groin and armpits, it becomes unnaturally hot. In addition, there may be slight swelling in these areas.
  • Checking the condition of the gums. In a healthy animal, the gums should always be moist and have a pink tint. With dryness and pallor of the pet’s oral cavity, it is safe to say that there is a temperature. And this is a direct indicator of the entry of infection into the body.
  • Prolonged trembling of the limbs of the animal’s body indicates a sharp drop in body temperature. If at the same time you feel the appearance of fever, then urgently measure the temperature of the dog.

What to do when treating a young individual?

Antipyretic medicines for babies are designed to be lightweight, so they are ideal for treating puppies. It is best in this case to give a young dog vedaprofen in liquid form or carprofen in tablets. Divide the tablet into 4 parts. Give the animal ¼ tablets every 4 hours until the temperature drops to “normal”. These 2 drugs are absolutely safe for young individuals.

Signs of high and low

The need to measure the temperature in a pet arises with the following uncharacteristic signs of a normal state in an animal:

  • refusal to eat and drink;
  • lethargy;
  • the presence of a pale mucous membrane of the mouth and tongue;
  • dry mouth;
  • severe diarrhea or vomiting for 4-5 hours;
  • the appearance of cramps throughout the body.

Measurement of the increase / decrease in the temperature regime is performed by the rectal method.

Signs my dog ​​is about to give birth

Your dog is about 63 days pregnant and you may even know her potential due date, but the ability to recognize when she is about to give birth can help you be there for her when she needs you most. Much happens during pregnancy before the dog gives birth.

You will need to watch out for a few simple signs that your dog is about to have contractions, such as nest behavior, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, and more. Additionally, one accurate prediction method can help you determine when your dog is about to start labor.

Examples of birth complications in dogs

Complications during childbirth can occur at any stage of the process. Sometimes the puppy gets stuck halfway out of the birth canal and needs to be grabbed with a towel and pulled gently during the bitch’s next bout to help him. If it is an intermittent labor, when the head is the last to appear, you must be especially careful because it may be too large to pass through the pelvis. In this case, prompt veterinary intervention is required.

In some cases, the bitch stops giving birth altogether and you cannot or should not do anything on your own to try to induce labor. This is another time when you should call the vet and take the bitch to the clinic. The veterinarian may prescribe oxytocin to stimulate uterine contractions, but it may be necessary to deliver the puppies by caesarean section if labor is still not progressing.

How to know if a dog is giving birth

We will not walk around this topic for a long time, but we will immediately tell you about the most basic signs of childbirth, after reading this short article, you will immediately understand when your dog starts labor and how it behaves in front of them.

  • A drop in temperature predicts childbirth. Your dog’s daily rectal temperature chart during the last week of pregnancy can help you determine when labor will begin. Normal dog temperatures are between 38 and 39 ° C. Before childbirth, the temperature drops to about 36 degrees and remains so low on two successive measurements at intervals of 12 hours. You can see other temporary temperature drops as well, but two consecutive readings with a lower temperature are what you need. Once this happens, labor will begin within 24 hours. This is really the surest sign that your dog is having contractions.
  • Nesting. Breeding behavior is another sign that labor is about to begin, as dogs instinctively seek a safe place to give birth. To help her, you can provide a low-sided drawer lined with newspapers and blankets. Your dog will carefully crumple this bedding and turn it into an impromptu nest in preparation for childbirth. This activity usually starts about a week before the due date, but your dog will seriously start nesting a day or so before giving birth.
  • Loss of appetite and vomiting before childbirth. In many cases, a pregnant dog stops eating a day or two before giving birth. Even if she does eat, she can be vomited early in labor. In addition, within 24 hours of giving birth, she is likely to have a bowel movement due to pressure from the puppies when they are in the birthing position.
  • Milk production is an early indication. Not all bitches get milk before they give birth to puppies, but some do. Watch for dilated nipples and swollen breasts. You may even notice a small leak just before labor starts. For some dogs, this is a good sign that labor is approaching. However, given the range of time a dog can lactate before delivery, this is one of the most difficult traits to use.
  • Sluggish and tired. Many females spend a lot of time before giving birth, as carrying the litter can drain a lot of energy, especially in the last days before giving birth. If your pet seems even more lethargic than a day or two ago and is approaching due date, this could be a sign that labor is about to begin.
  • Anxiety and anxiety are great signs of the onset of labor. Anxiety about the upcoming labor can give your dog a worried look when he senses the time of labor is near. You may notice that her eyebrows are furrowed and her eyes may be slightly watery. She may also stick to you and not want to let you out of her sight when she senses contractions are about to begin. One of the best ways to help your dog during labor is to simply be there with love and support.
  • Breathing is a sign that the dog is giving birth. How do you know when your dog is actually giving birth? A pregnant dog breathing heavily while resting is an almost sure sign that labor has begun. Your dog will breathe hard quickly and then pause for a few moments to start over.
  • Tremors and contractions indicate that your dog is giving birth. The onset of a chill usually indicates an increase in the female’s body temperature. At this stage, you may notice that her belly is tense or twitches periodically during early contractions. When you see these signs, gently place your hands on either side of her belly. Her belly will feel firm during the contraction, and you will feel it relax again when the contraction is over.
  • Begins to push. You will definitely know that your dog is giving birth when he starts pushing. Some dogs will lay down when they start pushing the puppy out, while others will squat on all fours as if they were trying to poop. The female will focus on the thrusts and will pay relatively little attention to everything that happens around her. You shouldn’t try to help her give birth, but if you notice any signs of distress, call your veterinarian.
  • The amniotic sac appears. The fluid-filled amniotic sac begins to protrude from the vulva as the puppy begins to work its way through the birth canal. It may take several pushes before the puppy and its placenta are fully born. Sometimes the placenta is retained, but usually it is pushed out before the next puppy appears.
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Childbirth is over

Once your dog gives birth to its last puppy, it will calm down and start grooming its litter. If your dog has had a vaginal birth at home, you should call your veterinarian and take her for a post-pregnancy check-up to make sure her uterus is now empty. Once that is done, your job is to take care of her needs and let her manage the newborn puppies with minimal intervention for the first week. If all goes well, you will have a happy and healthy litter.

Place for childbirth

If the bitch previously had problems with bearing and giving birth to puppies, she could not give birth on her own or the offspring turned out to be unviable, then the next childbirth in the dog is carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian. To do this, she is taken to the clinic. A healthy dog ​​gives birth on its own, without assistance. The main thing is to prepare a place where she could retire during childbirth. This can be a litter in some corner or a cardboard (wooden) box with high sides.

The bottom of the box is covered with old rags in several layers so that the animal is comfortable. You will also need to prepare a bedding to replace the one that gets dirty (amniotic fluid comes out, afterbirth).

The animal must have its own place

Do not let your pet give birth on the couch or bed. The furniture will be damaged. The animal is shown a box prepared for it in advance. It is advisable to place it where the bitch usually sleeps or eats. If the dog does not react to the box or does not want to climb there, within a week they put it there by force, leaving it alone with a favorite toy or treat.

How to properly participate in the process and help the animal

If the delivery takes place on time, then there is no need to help the dog. Her body will cope with this task on its own. The only thing that may need to be done is:

  • Free the puppy from the bubble in which he is born. This is usually done by the bitch by biting the shell and releasing the puppy. But if childbirth is first or prolonged, then the bitch may not perform the prescribed actions. In this case, they independently release the puppies from the shell and, using suction, clear the airways of the babies.
  • Cut the umbilical cord. An inexperienced female may not know how to bite the umbilical cord or may not want to. The owner will have to perform this action himself, using a knife or scissors.

The protruding piece of the umbilical cord is tied with a thread (before this, the hands and tools, the thread itself, are disinfected in an alcohol solution), treated with brilliant green or iodine. The essentials should be at hand, and therefore you need to prepare for childbirth.

How to tell if a dog has contractions

To understand that the pet has begun prenatal contractions, they put their hand on the dog’s belly. At first the belly seems very hard, and after a second, on the contrary, it is soft. The uterus contracts, straining and relaxing.

Some animals whine and howl when pushed. This is normal. It is difficult to answer the question of how long the contractions last in dogs. Their duration depends on the number of puppies, the age of the bitch and the physical characteristics of the organism.

Features of feeding and caring for a dog before childbirth

A pregnant bitch should eat balanced feed, rich in vitamins and nutrients. About 1 to 2 weeks before giving birth, limit the amount of food that contains calcium. The animal is denied:

  • milk and cottage cheese;
  • eggs;
  • yoghurt.

If the dog food contains soy, then you should not use it either. Instead, the animal is given fresh meat. beef, rabbit meat, boiled liver and heart. It is useful to feed your pet with vegetables. This can be pumpkin, zucchini, or carrots.

Important! To Replenish Omega-3 Fatty Acids Deficiencies, Omega-6s Provide Fish Oil.

Shortly before the expected birth, they begin to prepare a place for the dog.

Behavioral and physiological signs of incipient labor

Even at the time of mating, you should ask how you can understand that a dog is giving birth and how puppies are born in different breeds.

Psychological signs of impending labor appear earlier than physiological ones. The first harbinger is panic. The animal becomes restless:

Some dogs react to the approach of labor by refusing food and water. You do not need to touch the animal trying to calm its activity.

About 3-4 days before giving birth, the bitch’s belly sags. It seems as if she has dramatically dropped several kilograms of weight. But this is not the case. Puppies simply move closer to the birth canal, ready to open. At the same time, other physiological signs of the imminent appearance of offspring appear:

  • Mucus is secreted from the vagina. This is due to the relaxation of the ligamentous apparatus of the sacral articulation and the pelvis. There is a cork release, which prevents the birth of puppies before the due date. Worried about the presence of mucus, the dog licks itself vigorously. This should not be discouraged.
  • Colostrum oozes from the nipples. If the dog gives birth for the first time, the nipples often increase only slightly in size. With repeated and subsequent births, milk begins to be released.
  • The body temperature drops. The norm is 39 degrees. Shortly before childbirth, the temperature drops to 37-37.5.

The described physiological and mental changes allow us to conclude that childbirth is approaching and it is necessary to monitor the dog, if necessary, providing it with all possible help.

How long does a dog give birth

The duration of labor depends on the weight and size of the dog, the number of puppies, and the strength of its body. In the process of observing the birth of dogs, it was revealed that conditionally generic activity can be divided into 3 periods:

What are the first signs of a dog going into labor?

  • Preparation. Waters drain, attempts begin. Contractions can last from 6 to 30 hours, intermittently.
  • The birth of offspring. Puppies come head first at intervals of 10-15 minutes. Sometimes the dog gives birth on the first day, part of the puppies, while the rest appear only after a few hours or the next day.
  • Postpartum activities. The uterus contracts and returns to normal within 1-2 weeks after delivery.

If we take into account the attempts and the very process of giving birth to each puppy with multiple pregnancies, then labor lasts an average of 12 to 30 hours.

Is there a difference between large and small breeds

In large breed dogs, pregnancy can often occur with all sorts of complications, many of which occur in the presence of a large number of puppies. These dogs have to help with childbirth, artificially stimulating them. Small breed pets often give birth without outside interference. The exception is large puppies and the presence of only 1-2 puppies in a litter. Normal, uncomplicated childbirth of a small dog (Pomeranian, Jack Russell Terrier, lapdog, York, Dachshund, Chihuahua) is faster.

Signs of labor in dogs


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