What is pain and why is it important to relieve an animal’s pain?
Pain is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience associated with an existing or potential trauma.
If the pain is acute, you can almost always eliminate the cause and thus relieve the dog of the pain. Acute pain must be stopped in the first 12 to 24 hours.
If the pain is chronic, it is about maintaining an acceptable quality of life for the dog, because chronic pain reduces the quality of life. Various methods of treatment are used here, both medication and non-medication.
Why is it important to relieve dogs of pain? The fact is that, in addition to the negative effect of the disease on the dog’s body, pain aggravates the condition of the animal.
Of course, first of all, this all concerns very strong or prolonged and debilitating pain.
That is, pain is not just some “inconvenience”. Pain is the cause of major physiological changes that will make your dog recover much more slowly (if at all). And proper pain relief at the acute stage prevents the development of a syndrome called “chronic pain”.
Ekaterina Kastritskaya, psychologist, animal therapy specialist, animal behavior and welfare consultant
A dog, cat or other animal, unfortunately, cannot tell us when something hurts, but it is extremely important to know about it in order to help the pet in time and effectively. How to tell if your dog is in pain and how to help it?
How to tell if your dog is in pain?
There are symptoms to help you know if your dog is in pain:
- Rapid breathing.
- Heart palpitations.
- The dog cannot sleep or is constantly waking up.
- The dog eats poorly or refuses to eat.
- Difficulty changing positions (for example, having difficulty getting up or lying down).
- Lameness, unwillingness to move.
- The dog adopts a strange posture (for example, hunched over).
- Changes in the dog’s behavior, even minor ones (such as irritability or sadness).
All this is a reason to be wary. And if you notice one or more of these signs in your dog, see your veterinarian as soon as possible.!
Myths about pain in dogs
Unfortunately, a significant portion of dog lovers have myths about whether and how dogs experience pain. These myths have long been disproved by science, but like all unscientific beliefs, they are extremely tenacious. What are these myths?
- This breed (Pit Bull, Rottweiler,…. substitute what you want) has a low pain tolerance. The painful breed as such does not exist in principle. There is an antinociception system. Antinocicepsy is the body’s mechanisms that allow itself to anesthetize itself, and without these mechanisms, any pain would cause a serious condition. This system is really differently developed in different representatives within the same species and differs even during the life of one individual. For example, in two people it can be developed differently, and in children, on average, it is better than in older people. And there are dogs that will not experience severe pain for a short period of time when there is some serious stress factor. But after this stress factor is over (for example, after a fight), the dog will have severe pain syndrome, and they need pain relief as much as everyone else.
- Nothing hurts dogs. However, dogs have more nerve endings in some areas of the body than humans. Accordingly, with injuries to these areas (for example, the muzzle), the dog experiences more severe pain than, for example, a person with injuries to the face.
- The dog will tolerate, it’s just a dog. People who hold this point of view are better off not approaching animals at all.
- The leg will heal better if the dog does not step on it. which means that pain relievers are not needed for the dog to take care of the leg itself. This is often said after fractures. But, for example, veterinarian Tatyana Krasnova, speaking at the Pet’s Behavior-2018 conference, cited research results that say that after the operation (osteosynthesis), the functions should be preserved in full immediately after the operation (albeit with the use of painkillers). That is, the dog can fully move. And if the veterinarian says that the dog should not step on his foot. did he correctly operate on it? Indeed, in the case when the dog does not step on its leg, it develops a contracture and a number of physiotherapy procedures will be needed to develop the leg later.
How to relieve your dog’s pain at home?
Unfortunately, at home it is extremely difficult to relieve a dog’s pain (and not harm it). Nevertheless, to some extent, you can alleviate the pet’s condition.
- Apply ice to the injury or massage with ice cubes. It is better to use frozen chlorhexidine rather than tap water.
- Consult a veterinarian by phone if you can use pain relievers and which one.
And it is imperative to urgently take the pet to the veterinary clinic to be examined by a specialist!
There are diseases that cannot be cured (and relieved of the dog’s pain) at home on their own.
How an owner can harm a dog?
If you treat your dog on your own, you can, unwittingly, seriously harm the pet. The main mistakes of owners when trying to relieve pain of a dog on their own:
- Give “human” medicines. Many medicines that help humans are deadly to dogs!
- Give drugs that your veterinarian prescribed earlier in the illness or for other conditions when new symptoms appear.
- Don’t seek veterinarian help when your dog is in pain.
How to tell if your dog is in pain
Unfortunately, the dog cannot tell you if something hurts. In some cases, it is obvious that the animal is in pain when it has an open wound, noticeable injury, or if the animal limps. But in some cases, the damage may be subtle, but cause distress to the dog.
On top of that, dogs react differently to pain. Some will show clear signs of malaise, whine, seek help from a person, while others will endure stoically. Dog owners should be extremely vigilant and observant in order to notice and distinguish signs of pain in the animal.
Your dog has ways to show you that he is not doing well. One of the first signs will be a change in behavior. A normally calm dog can become aggressive and may even try to bite when stroking or inspecting the owner, especially if his hand comes close to the painful area. The most peaceful dog can show aggression if it feels intense pain. If you suspect an animal is in distress, inspect it with caution. It is best to muzzle the dog before examining it. The dog may become furious or uncontrollable in pain, sleep worse, growl, bark, howl or whine for no apparent reason.
The dog may constantly lick or scratch the painful area in an attempt to relieve distress. If her eyes hurt, she will scratch them, the same goes for her ears or paws.
Rapid breathing and heartbeat are also signs of pain in an animal. In order to determine this, you should know your dog’s normal heart rate.
In addition, the affected dog will eat and drink less. She may be salivating or nauseous.
If the dog has internal pains, it may lie down with its front legs extended but elbows raised, or lie down trying to avoid any movement.
Dogs with joint or muscle pain will avoid jumping into their favorite chair, and descending stairs can cause real fear in them.
Pain can dilate the pupils of an animal.
If the pain is caused by an infection or other damage to internal organs such as the kidneys or bladder, the dog may start making puddles in the house.
Any change in the dog’s appetite, behavior, habits, reaction to favorite toys or treats, unwillingness to follow the usual routine indicates that the animal may have any health problems, which means that it is in pain.
If you see anything like this in your animal for no apparent reason, contact your veterinarian immediately, as pain of this magnitude usually means there are serious health problems that require treatment.
All of the above signs of pain apply equally to cats.
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9 Signs Your Dog Is In Pain. Don’t Let Him Suffer!
Clear signs of pain in dogs
|eye pain||the animal often rubs its eye with its paw or tries to rub it against any objects|
|pain in the mouth||the animal yawns more often than usual, salivation appears (which was not previously observed) and the dog may refuse food or favorite treats|
|earache||the dog tilts its head towards the sore ear, shakes its head from time to time, or shakes it frequently, may rub its ear with its paw|
|pain in the anal glands||the dog fidgets with its back on the floor, turns around and examines it|
|joint pain||the dog has difficulty getting up or lying down, may squeal, moan, limp|
|pain in the injured paw||the dog holds its paw, limps, cannot step on the limb or squeezes it|
How to tell if a dog has a stomach ache
Small breeds of dogs are extremely sensitive to pain reactions and can react to even the slightest indisposition, while large breeds of dogs, hunting and service dogs, can endure pain for a long time and stoically. In any case, until the obvious symptoms of the disease appear, the owner of the animal may suspect that something is wrong, drawing attention to a change in the behavior of the pet.
Behavioral signs of pain in dogs
Signs of pain in dogs can be recognized quickly, especially if they have lived in the house for years. The situation is more difficult in cases of pain in the dog, hidden from the eyes of the owner, for example, headache, pain in the back or in internal organs.
- apathetic, lethargic state, blank look
- squinting eyes (except in cases of eye problems)
- regular weak head shaking
- pressing the top of the head to different objects
- aggressive behavior when touching or stroking the back (growling, barking)
- an unnatural gait that looks like a limp when the paws are not injured
- the animal cannot turn its head or lower it to eat and drink
- settling on the back of the body
- when defecating, the animal cannot take its usual position
- trembling down the back and body when standing up or arching the back
- urinary incontinence, impaired bowel movements
If your dog has pain in the internal organs:
- Previously calm and obedient dog shows uncharacteristic aggression, it may even bite the owner
- The animal spends most of its time in a supine position, it can curl up into a ball. Sluggishly responds to calls to play or a walk and refuses favorite treats
- Behavior, directly opposite to the previous one, the dog is too active and restless, constantly jumps up, moves from place to place, “does not find a place for itself”, which is not typical for it
- After prolonged attempts, the dog cannot empty the intestines, constantly pushing
- The dog adopts unnatural postures for it, for example, hunches the back, lifts the back of the body and tilts the front
- The animal on its stomach is constantly straining its muscles.
- The dog constantly pays attention to the belly, bites it out or licks it
Only a veterinarian can diagnose the disease: on the basis of a survey of the owner, examination of the animal and a number of laboratory tests and other types of diagnostics. Then the veterinarian will prescribe the appropriate course of treatment. The owner of the animal, of course, can assume that the dog is in pain, but self-treatment is unacceptable, it can lead to sad consequences.
How to understand that a dog has a stomach ache: signs, symptoms
A dog is not only a devoted friend who gives us his love, loyalty, affection, positive, but also great responsibility. If you decide to have a pet, remember that from the moment the puppy appears in the house until the last days, the life and health of the dog is in your hands.
Our smaller brothers do not know how to talk. They cannot ask us for food when they are hungry or tell us that something is hurting them. But if you carefully observe your pet, socialize the dog correctly, learn to understand the dog’s language, you can easily find out, not only what your pet wants to convey, but also how your faithful friend feels. After reading this article, you will learn how to tell if your dog has a stomach ache.
How a dog perceives pain
In veterinary practice, diseases of the digestive tract, which can be congenital and acquired, are not uncommon. Dogs, like humans, can have sudden stomach aches. The pet may be disturbed by intestinal colic, excruciating pain in the stomach and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, dogs are very patient animals and in most cases they tolerate acute pain without showing any kind.
Important! If the dog is in pain, it can behave as if nothing had happened for a long period of time. The dog responds adequately to external stimuli, asks for food, favorite treats, willingly goes for a walk, plays.
The dog shows anxiety only when the pain becomes really unbearable. Therefore, the owners notice that something is wrong with the dog, only for clinical signs characteristic of a particular pathology, and they bring animals to the veterinary clinic, when the disease has passed into a subacute, chronic stage, the pathology has reached an extreme degree. And this, in turn, will entail long-term complex treatment.
Therefore, dog breeders should carefully monitor the condition and behavior of the pet and, in the event of the first signs of malaise, contact the veterinarian, where the animal will be provided with qualified assistance after the diagnosis or call the veterinarian at home. In critical cases, every hour of delay can cost the beloved dog’s life.
How to relieve acute pain syndrome
If it is not possible to bring the dog to the clinic, consult your veterinarian regarding the choice of analgesic. Give the dog No-shpu, another analgesic for pain relief.
In case of poisoning, activated charcoal, decoctions of medicinal plants (chamomile, yarrow, nettle, plantain), Enterosgel, Smecta help. What drug to give the dog, what therapeutic method will help normalize the pet’s condition. the veterinarian decides. Owners must strictly follow medical recommendations, monitor the condition of their beloved pet.
Abdominal pain habits and behavior
The pain can be acute, dull, aching, periodic, regardless of the focus of its localization. As soon as the painful sensations become unbearable, the dog begins to whine, howl, shows anxiety. Prolonged pain syndrome provokes serious disorders and changes in the body, which significantly complicate further treatment.
It is possible to understand that a pet has a tummy ache only by the changed behavior, habits of the pet.
- decreased activity, lethargy, drowsiness;
- weak reaction to stimuli;
- increased thirst;
- unstable stools;
- nausea, vomiting after ingestion or in between meals, if the appetite is preserved;
- pain in the anus;
- arrhythmia, shortness of breath;
- discoloration of the mucous membranes;
- tight, enlarged belly;
- lack of appetite, refusal of treats.
Important! Clinical signs, the intensity of their manifestation depends on the localization of the painful focus, the root cause, age, general condition of the body, individual, physiological characteristics. The spasms recur periodically at regular intervals.
On palpation of the tummy, the dog experiences severe acute pain. The dog constantly looks back at the stomach, does not allow touching the abdomen and at the slightest touch begins to whine. The dog reacts weakly to stimuli, does not follow commands, reluctantly goes for a walk, refuses active games. An affectionate, balanced pet can show unreasonable aggression towards the owner, family members, animals. If the dog growls, experiences unreasonable fear, panic, mood changes abruptly and often, the animal may be suffering from severe pain in the gastrointestinal tract.
If a dog has a stomach or stomach ache, the dog can limp, assumes unnatural postures, hunches over, lifts the back of the body, freezes while walking, whines, squeals when making sudden movements. Possible fever, fever, muscle cramps. With severe pain, the dog is huddled in a dark, secluded place, lies down on a cold surface, often changes its location, shows anxiety, whines plaintively.
Problems in the work of the gastrointestinal tract are signaled by diarrhea, alternating with constipation, painful bowel movements, an unpleasant putrid odor from the mouth, icteric, anemic mucous membranes. Feces, vomit may contain mucus, blood, particles of undigested food.
Causes of pain in the gastrointestinal tract
Why does a dog have a stomach ache? What causes digestive problems? Many dog owners are looking for answers to these questions on the forums. Therefore, we will understand the main causes of pain in the gastrointestinal tract in our smaller brothers.
Among the reasons that disrupt digestion, provoke pain in the stomach, intestines can be noted:
- poisoning with chemicals, stale food;
- feeding the pet with low-quality feed;
- violation of the regime, power supply system;
- a sharp change in diet;
- helminthic invasions;
- congenital, acquired pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (pancreatitis, gastritis, gastroenteritis);
- viral, bacterial diseases (plague, enteritis, hepatitis);
- injuries of the peritoneum, which are accompanied by bleeding, damage to internal organs;
- foreign objects, tumors in the gastrointestinal tract;
- inflammation of the paraanal glands;
- intestinal infections.
Periodic acute pain in the abdomen causes inflammation in the organs of the genitourinary tract, cystitis, pyometra, kidney stones. Legumes, some cereals (barley) are also the cause of increased gas production, intestinal colic.
To reduce the risk of developing stomach, intestinal pain, the dog’s diet should be varied, balanced, nutritious. The dog should receive quality food, only fresh food. There should always be clean drinking water in the bowl.
Do not neglect preventive deworming, immunization, since parasites, viruses, bacteria, the simplest ones often provoke pain in the gastrointestinal tract.
Stomach hurts. a loose concept
Abdominal pain refers to an uncomfortable sensation in the abdominal cavity. Abdominal pain, may indicate a number of serious ailments or a slight deterioration in well-being, it all depends on the secondary symptoms and causes. In order not to confuse the concepts, under abdominal pain, we will consider discomfort associated with the stomach, intestines or digestive problems.
Symptoms by which you can identify abdominal pain are rather vague:
- Abdominal wall tension.
- Feeling pain on palpation of the abdominal wall. you can understand that the dog is in pain if it licks its face, squints its eyes, holds its breath, whines or howls. Be careful because your dog may unintentionally bite you during pain.
- Quite often, digestive problems. constipation, diarrhea, vomiting.
- The dog’s desire to hide in a dark and inaccessible place.
- Apathy and poor appetite.
- The desire to avoid stress and sudden movements. the dog lies a lot, does not allow touching the place that hurts, does not enjoy walks.
If your dog is suffering from constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, or nausea, he will most likely refuse food. Diarrhea is expressed by frequent bowel movements, but constipation is more difficult to identify. While walking, you may notice that the dog adopts a bowel movement posture, but the end result is never achieved. If, instead of feces, thick transparent mucus is released from the anus, this can be both false diarrhea and the first sign of constipation.
Abdominal pain can vary in nature:
- Acute. characteristic of stomach ulcers, colitis and similar ailments.
- Cutting. characteristic of prolonged diarrhea, occurs due to severe irritation of the mucous membranes.
- Dull or aching is not a very obvious discomfort that torments the dog for a long time and increases with the progression of the condition. It is this type of pain that is characteristic of the development of constipation or diarrhea. A aching sensation of pain is also characterized by a condition such as heartburn.
Diagnosis should be done by a veterinarian!
If your pet has a stomach ache and it is not possible to take him to the doctor right away, you can try to alleviate the condition a little.
How to understand that a dog has a stomach ache: obvious and hidden signs
How do you know if a dog has a stomach ache and what is causing the discomfort? If our pets could talk, this question would not arise. Many owners determine too late that their pet is suffering, allowing the disease to develop to a serious stage. Let’s look at the signs of abdominal pain in a dog.
How to help your pet?
First aid for abdominal pain in a dog has a completely understandable goal. you need to alleviate the condition and not harm. The following methods will help ease pain and reduce irritation of the mucous membranes, which always occurs against the background of a malfunction of the digestive system.
Hungry diet. an adult dog is kept on a starvation diet for up to 24 hours, a puppy for up to 12 hours. A starving diet will not be a problem, as a dog that is not feeling well will most often refuse food on its own. Against the background of severe irritation of the digestive system, more precisely, of the mucous membranes, food is not fully absorbed, but only scratches the intestinal walls.
Advice: if the dog is constipated while on a hungry diet, he should be given a little flaxseed oil or a laxative drug.
Drinking plenty of warm drinks. any kind of disorder of the digestive system leads to dehydration. It is important to provide the pet with warm drink in unlimited quantities. If the dog persistently refuses water, this is a very alarming sign and it is impossible to hesitate to contact the veterinarian.
Diet food. if after a day of starvation diet of the dog it becomes easier it can be transferred to diet food. To feed your pet, you need to choose foods that are maximally absorbed by the body: cottage cheese, yogurt, fermented baked milk, low-fat broth, a small amount of boiled chopped meat.
Fractional feeding. a few days after a starvation diet, the dog needs to be fed often, but little by little. For an adult pet, the daily food intake is divided into 4-5 servings. If the dog does not finish the offered portion, the bowl should be removed and washed. Under no circumstances insist that the dog eat or finish the food offered.
Observation. Be sure to monitor your dog’s baseline body temperature. An increase in temperature may indicate the development of a viral or infectious process. A decrease in baseline body temperature indicates a breakdown, which may be triggered by hunger or intoxication.
Comfort. Make sure your pet’s bed is soft and comfortable. While your dog is feeling unwell, it is important to control the temperature and humidity in the room as heat and dry air can worsen the condition. It is very common to find advice that warming helps with abdominal pain, but this method can be both useful and dangerous.
If the pain in the abdominal cavity is associated with inflammation, the formation of pus, the development of ulcers or other damage, additional heating of the painful areas will only harm.
A heating pad can really help if your dog is suffering from indigestion or constipation but has not yet developed into acute diarrhea.
Before the arrival of the veterinarian or visiting the veterinary clinic, you can use medications with minimal risk of side effects. These drugs include Smecta, Enterosgel, activated carbon and other sorbing agents with an enveloping effect.
The medication should be used in accordance with the instructions or in a clear ratio to the weight of the dog. Please note that sorbents remove all toxins from the intestines and cannot be used in combination with other medicines. Simply put, if you give your dog activated charcoal (sorbent) and medication, you will significantly reduce the effectiveness of the latter.
How to understand that a dog has a toothache: signs, symptoms
Can you tell if a dog has a toothache without going to the vet? Of course, a doctor’s examination is a reliable method, but sometimes dogs suffer from hidden pathologies, which can only be determined by long-term observation.
If you have ever had a toothache, you are unlikely to be able to sleep peacefully, suspecting that your pet is experiencing the same discomfort. Usually, the owner’s concerns are related to changes in the behavior of the ward. For toothache, there are some behavioral signs that can help your dog reduce discomfort.
With any physical ailment, the dog becomes lethargic. Against the background of severe pain, you may notice increased irritability, which “splash out” on family members or other pets. Toothache is long lasting and may worsen under certain circumstances.
Important! Cold makes toothache worse and worse. If you notice that your pet is trying to warm up, climb on upholstered furniture and is apathetic, you should look into its mouth.
Toothache accompanies the life of wild dogs almost constantly. Since no one monitors the health of wild and homeless animals, at about the age of 2-3 years, tetrapods begin to have dental problems. As strange as it sounds, the dog adapts to living with this pain. A pet can also hide a toothache for a long time, which leads to a worsening health situation.
Note! A toothache rarely causes a dog to give up food or water altogether. If your pet has stopped eating, it is best to see a doctor, as the probable problems can be very serious.
- When a dog has a toothache, it continues to eat, but tries not to chew it.
- The pet, as it were, scoops up food with its lower jaw and immediately swallows.
- Toothache may be indicated by chewing food on only one side of the jaw. On walks and during games, the pet refuses to handle the toy, stops “brushing its teeth”, using sticks.
In the case of pulpitis, a purulent inflammation of the canals of the teeth that affects the dental nerves, the dog will most likely refuse to eat. Pain with pulpitis worsens until the pus accumulated in the channels finds a way out.
- If the tooth is already destroyed, the canals will break out and pus will come out into the mouth. this is a “favorable” outcome.
- If the tooth is not destroyed, and the gums are dense, pus will go deep into the gums and jaw. After spilling pus, the surrounding tissues will be damaged, which is called phlegmon.
Of course, it is better not to wait for one or the other outcome, but to see a doctor. Not all clinics and veterinarians deal with dental problems in dogs. Problems with teeth and gums are solved by narrow-profile veterinarians-dentists. If there are no veterinary clinics in your locality that provide dental care, it is better to remove the diseased tooth. The tooth will sooner or later start to hurt, but the longer it stays in the oral cavity, the more numerous the colonies of pathogenic bacteria will become.
Most dental ailments can be detected visually. The breath almost always takes on a putrid or sweetish purulent odor.
Pets suffer from complete Spectra dental diseases and ailments affecting the gums. According to generally accepted rules for keeping pets, the pet’s mouth should be examined at least once every three days. You need to pay attention to the condition of the enamel, its whiteness and integrity. Many owners believe that dogs do not suffer from tooth decay, but this statement is far from the truth. If you notice dark spots on your dog’s teeth, it is better to contact your veterinarian right away, since at this stage restoration of the tooth is possible.
Toothache in a dog may be indicated by increased salivation and constant chewing of the mouth. When a dog has a toothache, pathogenic bacteria actively multiply in the mouth, leading to gum disease. In an attempt to protect the surfaces of the mucous membranes, the salivary glands secrete more saliva, which makes the dog feel uncomfortable (similar to nausea).
Important! Diseased teeth may appear yellowish or brown. Over time, a diseased tooth decays to the base and turns black. By the time the infection reaches the canals, the dog will already be in pain.
A neglected infection, accompanied by the constant multiplication of pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity, sooner or later leads to damage to the gums. The first signs of periodontal disease or similar diseases are a reddish discoloration of the mucous membranes, swelling and bleeding.
The problem is that even the obvious bleeding of the gums in a dog is hard to notice. When the dog eats, it produces a lot of saliva and the blood oozing from the gums is simply washed off. Bleeding gums can be identified by marks on toys or dried blood particles on the lips after sleep.
Prevention of dental ailments in dogs
In most cases, dental calculus leads to the development of toothache and gum problems. A seemingly harmless problem is fraught with thinning of tooth enamel and the development of pathogenic flora in the oral cavity of dogs.
The tartar problem is a combination of a number of factors that are not always obvious:
- Proper nutrition.
- Vitamin content of the diet.
- Regular checkups of the mouth.
- Teeth cleaning.
- Preventive measures for age.
A dog, regardless of age and breed, should receive both soft and solid food.
- Only solid food, such as dry food, leads to faster abrasion of the enamel.
- Only soft food does not give the necessary load when chewing and leads to tooth decay from the inside.
It turns out that for the sake of the health of the dog’s teeth, it is necessary to seek a balance. Like humans, our pets need a wide range of vitamins and minerals for the full formation and regeneration of tissues. It is known that teeth are destroyed by a lack of calcium, but this is a superficial view of the problem. Calcium is not absorbed by the body without magnesium, phosphorus and vitamin C. That is, deliberate feeding of a dog with calcium supplements is unlikely to lead to stronger teeth, but it can create kidney problems.
Care should always be taken with mineral supplements, as excess salts are deposited in the kidneys and genitourinary system. Urolithiasis develops in most adult dogs whose diet is not balanced. According to generally accepted rules, the dog’s food cannot be salted, since long-term observations have led to the conclusion that table salt leads not only to the development of urolithiasis, but also worsens the health of the dog as a whole.
Even with perfectly matched feeding and regular vitamin courses, with age, the dog forms tartar. You can get rid of it in different ways. For example, prophylactic teeth cleaning, to which the dog needs to be taught from childhood, allows you to get rid of fresh plaque, which is converted into stone.
On walks, you may notice that the dog chews on sticks diligently, this is one of the ways to brush your teeth. At home, you can offer your pet rubber toys or special treats for brushing your teeth. If the tartar has already acquired a chronic character, it is better to consult a doctor and remove it with ultrasound.
Important! Some treats for the prevention of tartar contain technical hydrogen peroxide! Read the ingredients carefully to make sure they are safe.
Change in dog behavior due to pain
What you can definitely notice is a change in the dog’s behavior. Her behavior will not be the same. In turn, the four-legged, which used to be quite calm, begin to spin nervously, cannot find a place for themselves. If they were previously kind, in a situation where something is wrong with them, they can be aggressive and impatient. Conversely, individuals, previously hot-tempered and energetic, become indifferent to any stimuli. Such behavioral changes can be easily noticed, as they are always conspicuous. Due to severe pain, the dog may behave completely differently than every day. In such cases, we can talk about complete changes in the personality of the dog. You may get the impression that this is a completely different animal.
Often the pain causes the dog to avoid contact with the owners. it begins to maintain distance. Sometimes it happens the other way around, and the pet begins to look for affection and closeness to a person much more than before. When a pet is with its owner, it can be calmer. Therefore, it often happens that the dog experiences great anxiety when she is left at home alone, which manifests itself in the fact that she squeals, barks in the apartment or starts scratching something. The pain itself may be the reason why she wants to stay at home. She has neither the desire nor the strength to go out for a walk. Often times, dogs can also whimper, moan, and howl. They get louder and thus try to communicate that something is wrong.
Will we notice that the dog is dying?
The dying dog and the symptoms you may be dealing with are lack of energy, desire to play and eat. The puppy begins to lose interest in the environment and people around. It may seem that it is in another world. The dog often lies down in an unnatural position, cannot find a place for himself. Sometimes a four-legged friend can lick a spot that hurts him. Dogs are also known to lick their paws around their wrists when they are worried. This behavior can also be understood as a sign that something is hurting her, so you should immediately contact your veterinarian, without waiting for the development of events.
Altered gait pain signaling
When your dog is in pain, you should pay attention to how it moves. She can often limp slightly or bend her back. In case of pain in the paw, the puppy will limp. When looking for source of abdominal pain, dogs often tense their trunk muscles in response to abdominal pain. If the pet moves with visible difficulty, its body is arched, its movement shows obvious rigidity, then it should be assumed that something can hurt it. When the pain is really severe, the dog will often assume a position as if it wants to play. She keeps her front legs low, and lifts the croup up. However, this is not always the case. Sometimes there is also a strange, completely unnatural posture during sleep. It is worth paying attention to these small, as well as essential facts.
How a dog signals that something is hurting
Some dogs immediately show that they have something in pain, while others, in turn, successfully try to mask their pain. The pet will not always howl or squeak. Pets that live in social groups mask their poor health, fearing for their position in the group, which they might lose if they were found to be in bad shape. Animals that live in their natural habitat mask pain and discomfort to avoid the interest of predators. Therefore, it is helpful to know how the dog shows pain.
Fear of a dog as a signal of pain
The dog also exhibits pain by showing that it is afraid of something. Our puppy’s fear can also indicate that he is in pain and is generally in poor health. The dog begins to associate certain people and places with unpleasant, acute pain. She begins to experience general anxiety and fear due to a sense of danger. The pet loses the confidence it had before, withdraws into itself and is afraid of loud noises or strangers. If you have multiple dogs, these changes can be easily seen in their relationships with each other. If they start to quarrel, one dog attacks another, you can guess that something is wrong. People who feel fear of an afflicted dog may be attacked by their pet. The feeling of aching pain makes a pet that used to be docile and patient, aggressive and very irritable. All of this is caused by suffering and pain that the dog cannot fix in any way. Here are the most common behaviors of dogs when they feel pain. It is difficult to give a definite answer to the question “how do dogs signal pain?” Keep in mind that different breeds of dog behave differently and may react differently to excruciating pain, but remember never to underestimate such cues. Any change in behavior, sudden or chronic, should always be consulted with a veterinarian. Remember that pets will not tell you that something is wrong with them. In this case, it is better to contact a specialist and make sure that everything is in order, than then reproach ourselves for the fact that the dog suffered, and we did not react or did it too late.
How to tell if a dog is having stomach pain
First, let’s find out how to understand that the dog has a stomach ache, because it is clear that the pet will not be able to communicate this to the owner in words. The most prominent signs of abdominal pain in dogs are usually the following:
The dog, in pain, does not allow the owner to touch the peritoneal area. In some cases, it can even growl, or even grab the hand with its teeth;
If a dog has a stomach ache, it may feel unusually hard to the touch;
The dog moves a little, tries to lie down as soon as possible;
Very often, with abdominal pain, animals suffer from intestinal problems. constipation or diarrhea, as well as vomiting;
Presence of alarming impurities in stool (blood, pus, mucus) or discoloration of stool;
The sore stomach looks swollen, sometimes saggy, you can hear a loud rumbling inside it;
In addition to the listed signs of abdominal pain, the following symptoms may also accompany: plaintive howling, fever, bad breath, rapid weight loss, shortness of breath, the frequency of which can increase as well as the pulse.
Why dogs can have stomach pain
Now it is time to decide for what reasons dogs can suffer from abdominal pain. So, the most common “culprits” for pain in the belly of your beloved pets are:
Infectious diseases (for example, salmonellosis, colibacillosis, parvovirus enteritis, carnivorous plague (intestinal form), giardiasis, etc.);
Foreign objects stuck in the stomach or intestines;
Poisoning (spoiled food, poisons for rodents, etc.);
Diseases of the genitourinary system (renal failure, nephrolithiasis, cystitis, orchitis, prostatitis, etc.);
Improper nutrition (gas formation and abdominal pain can cause both foods from the pet’s standard diet and table feeding);
Neoplasm of the digestive system or liver;
Why does a dog have a stomach ache?
Has the pet suddenly become too restless, has lost its appetite, walks hunched over? The dog may have a stomach ache and need immediate help. In this article, we will discuss the causes of abdominal pain in dogs and what to do for a dog owner.
A dog has a stomach ache: how to be an owner
So, let’s say the owner has every reason to believe that the animal has pain in the peritoneal region. What to do if your dog has a stomach ache? Will you manage to do it on your own? Or is it better not to hesitate, but to take the dog to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible? The opinion of most experts says that it is better not to carry out treatment at home, since it is unlikely that it will be possible to accurately determine the cause of the discomfort in the abdomen by eye.
At the clinic, the doctor first examines the animal, probes its abdomen, prescribes a donation of blood, urine or feces for analysis, and possibly performs an ultrasound scan and X-ray. And only after the correct diagnosis has been made, it will be possible to prescribe the correct treatment.
But what if the pet’s stomach hurts, and it will not be possible to deliver it to the clinic in the shortest possible time (after all, in the same outback, you can hardly find a 24-hour veterinary clinic)? You can do this:
Lightly massage the dog’s belly if it does not show aggression;
Give your pet a medicine that has antispasmodic and analgesic effects (No-Shpa, Buscopan, Spazmobru);
If there is a large share of confidence that the dog could have been poisoned, it is worth giving it an enterosorbent (Atoxil, Enterosgel);
That is, perhaps, all that can be done to improve the condition of the pet. But you still have to consult a doctor, because as we found out, abdominal pain can be caused, for example, by oncological tumors or foreign bodies that have entered the digestive organs. And in such cases, an operation will be necessary. And an infection or the same pancreatitis cannot be cured by antispasmodics alone.
How to keep your pet from stomach pain
Of course, you won’t be able to protect your dog 100% from stomach pain. But each owner is able to reduce the risk of developing such an unpleasant pathology to a minimum:
The dog’s menu should not contain potentially dangerous products (sweets, flour, smoked, spicy, fried, etc.). It is also better to refuse cheap feed of the economy class;
How to Tell if a Dog’s Teeth Are Abscessed : Dog’s Health
Worms are often the cause of peritoneal pain. It is necessary twice a quarter (with an interval of 14 days) to give the dog deworming drugs;
It is important to monitor what the tailed pet takes in its mouth. Many dogs suffer from pain caused by foreign matter in their stomach or intestines. So, it is important to test all dog toys for durability. During the walk, you will have to be vigilant so that the dog does not break or gnaw the bones buried in the ground;
It is necessary to monitor the frequency and consistency of your pet’s stool. Is the stool color unusual (almost black, green, whitish, etc.)? It is necessary to go to the doctor as soon as possible, as in cases where diarrhea or constipation is observed;
How To Tell If Your Dog Is In Pain (21 secret signs of pain in dogs)
Any of the signs of illness other than abdominal pain (for example, refusal to eat, fever, urge to vomit, lethargy, etc.) is a reason for going to the clinic. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the easier it is to treat many diseases. In general, it is advisable even to show a healthy dog at least twice a year to a doctor for preventive purposes;
Symptoms of pain in dogs
Animals don’t behave like humans when they are in pain. It is worth remembering that they have a fairly high pain threshold, that they will hide their suffering until the last (nature has laid down not to show weakness) and that they will not show with a clawed finger at a ripening abscess.
Often, owners do not understand why their pet does not behave as usual during illness, for example, it becomes withdrawn and uncommunicative, may bite or leave and hide. Just as often, owners attribute changes in behavior to something, such as the weather or “bad mood”, while the animal is just in pain.
There are, of course, manifestations of pain that cannot be confused with anything, such as lameness. But otherwise, your dog is unlikely to come up and say: “Master! My back hurts in the kidney area! I need to see a doctor! ”, No, she will sit tense with a hunched back and silently suffer.
Pain is one of the most striking symptoms, so wearers usually notice it first. Pain is a reason to see your veterinarian immediately. External manifestations often depend on the intensity and localization of pain, but after living a little with the dog and getting to know the pet better, sooner or later everyone begins to understand her body language.
Pain symptoms. Let’s take a look at together which of them are most common:
1) The dog barks, whines, howls, growls. Can do this along with some action (for example, growl at a sore paw) or just lie / sit / stand, look into space and whine. This also includes whining and squealing when trying to pick up. Many dogs, in their normal state, vocal accompany their behavior, for example, barking for joy or whining when begging. This is normal. BUT if your pet makes sounds more than usual or accompanies them with behavior that is atypical for itself, this is a reason to be wary. I have a patient who barks when he has colic and a stomach ache. He’s already loud enough, but if it hurts he does not shut up.
2) Excessive grooming. Dogs try to cleanse their wounds, so cuts, sores, broken claws, abscesses are actively licked. If the dog often or without stopping licks any place, then you need to look for a problem there. Several more situations also apply here:. if your eyes hurt or itch. the dog rubs them with his paw or rubs against various objects in the house some dogs bite out where it hurts. The more it hurts, the more intense if teeth hurt or problems in the mouth or throat. the dog reaches into its mouth with its paws, tries to chew on hard objects, scratch, rubs its muzzle on hard surfaces if problems in the genitals (especially in males). this area is also subjected to active grooming.
3) Sleep disturbance. The dog began to sleep a lot, or vice versa, he cannot sleep for a long time, he constantly wakes up. The first or second will be. depends on the nature of the pain.
4) Violation of food and water intake. If the dog has pain in the mouth, pharynx, stomach, it can refuse to eat, and sometimes water. Also, refusal to eat can mean nausea, excessive pain in other areas. In some inflammatory processes, the amount of water consumed increases.
5) Shortness of breath, heavy and / or shallow breathing. The most obvious sign of severe pain. Sometimes, the only one.
6) Forced posture and anxiety. If the dog constantly changes position, lies down and immediately gets up, walks, looks for a place, lies down and gets up again, then something is bothering her. Sometimes, with pain in certain areas, dogs take a forced position: for example, a hunched back. signs of pain in the abdominal cavity. Walking in circles, chaotic movements can also be a sign of anxiety. The dog may have difficulty or reluctance to lie down or get up, refuse to jump on the sofa.
7) Unmotivated aggression. Often, the dog can show dissatisfaction if you touch a sore spot, sometimes growls and bites if the owner presses heavily on the sore paw or stomach. Before looking for a psychological aspect in the dog’s aggression, you need to understand. and whether the dog tells us that we do not need to touch it in this place. Also, aggression can be a sign of constant irritation against the background of pain, pain in both humans and animals sometimes causes inappropriate behavior.
8) Sociability. Every dog reacts differently to feeling unwell. One will hide away so that they will not touch her, while the other, on the contrary, will constantly keep close and substitute the place that hurts under the arm so that they can stroke it (this does not apply to all types and places of pain). An attentive owner who knows his pet for a long time will immediately notice that the dog’s behavior has changed.
9) Lameness, abduction, or pinching of the paw. Lameness is the most visible symptom of pain. It should only be remembered that if an animal limps or stretches its paw, this does not always mean problems with the limbs, sometimes lameness is a sign of pain in some organs of the abdominal cavity, pain in the spine. This point also includes the so-called “wooden gait”, any changes in gait.
10) Unusual behavior when urinating and defecating. An attempt to move during urination and defecation, find a different position, atypical posture, frequent urge, vocal accompaniment. all this indicates that there is a problem.
11) Other possible symptoms of pain in dogs:. Frequent or intent gazing of the disturbing body part. Sometimes surprised, sometimes aggressive Head tilt to one side. It can be a sign of neurological problems, as well as pain in the ears, any part of the head, otitis media Convulsions. Especially in brachycephalic breeds. For example, convulsions in a French Bulldog are a reason to find an orthopedist and examine the dog for a wedge-shaped vertebra.
P.S. While writing this article, I remembered how beef lungs “did not go” to my dog. Who can reveal all their pain in a theatrical mini-production! At first he looked back at his stomach, often, and when he was seething. also with great surprise. Then he climbed onto the sofa (which is absolutely forbidden for him), put his entire uneasy body in my arms, hunched over and froze. Here it is, the picture: “Colic, pain and cramps in the intestinal area”!
Be attentive to your dogs, do not miss the pain symptoms in their behavior! Every caring owner should try to provide the necessary veterinary care to his beloved pet on time.!
Signs of a sore throat
A sore throat can be caused by a number of different problems. It could be something stuck in the dog’s throat, a cut, canine tonsillitis, strep throat, parvovirus, plague, herpes virus, or laryngitis.
They all tend to have similar symptoms, so your dog may show all or a combination of the following signs of sore throat.
- Swallowing movements. Often, the first sign that your dog has a sore throat is that he is doing something that appears to be trying to swallow something that is not there. For your dog, a sore throat may feel like there is something stuck there that he needs to get rid of, and repeating swallowing is how they are trying to do it.
- Cough. Similar to swallowing, another symptom of a sore throat in a dog is coughing because they think they have something in their throat. In fact, there may be something in your dog’s throat that hurts, such as a loosened coat that causes irritation, or a foreign object that they swallowed.
- Vomiting sensations. Similar to coughing, gagging is another possible symptom in a dog who has a sore throat, usually through foreign objects or irritation.
- Fever. Sore throat can also cause fever-like symptoms, including tremors.
- Licking lips. Dogs often lick their lips for mouth discomfort or internal pain, such as a sore throat. Licking lips is also said to provide a calming effect for dogs when they are worried. Perhaps a sore throat makes your dog nervous, leading to licking.
- Excessive saliva. When dogs develop throat and sinus infections, they tend to salivate much more than usual.
- Swollen and red tonsils. Dogs can get tonsillitis, and while this is quite rare, when it does, your dog does have a sore throat. Symptoms of tonsillitis in dogs will be red and swollen tonsils, which you should see in the back of the throat.
- Crying when they yawn or open their mouths. Another symptom of a sore throat may be where the dog has a sore throat when it opens its mouth. Muscle sprains can also cause intense sore throat.
- Does not eat and / or drink. If your dog does indeed suffer from a sore throat, it will be difficult for him to swallow through the pain. This means that she will be reluctant to eat or drink as it really hurts to do so. This may seem like a loss of appetite, but in reality she simply prefers to starve rather than endure the pain of drinking and eating.
- Lethargy. If your dog has an infection that causes a sore throat, his body will expend valuable energy to fight it and this can make your dog very lethargic. She may not want to sleep anymore, not be as playful, unresponsive to habitual stimuli, and even look like she has dull eyes as she recovers from a sore throat.
Symptoms and treatment of a sore throat in a dog
Fever, cough, lack of appetite, the dog could hardly swallow and such a dull noise even while drinking water. Your dog has been having a hard time over the past couple of days, although you are pretty sure you already know what the diagnosis will be, you are taking your pet to the vet. Your dog has a sore throat. Let’s Find Out The Signs Of A Sore Throat In Dogs And How To Treat.
Just like humans, our four-legged friends can have sore throats. If you suspect something is wrong with your dog’s vocal cords, here are some signs that your puppy may have a sore throat. Some suggested treatments follow.
Reasons why your dog may have a sore throat
It goes without saying, but if you see any of these symptoms of sore throat in a dog in your pet, seek professional advice from your veterinarian. They will be able to find out the cause of the sore throat and suggest the right treatment or remedy.
Possible treatments for sore throat may include:
- Antibiotics to treat throat infections.
- Vaccinations if sore throat is associated with certain medical conditions, such as brood cough.
- Testing for irritation or cuts in the throat.
Some pet owners treat their dog’s sore throat with natural remedies. This may include sore throat medications such as:
- Half teaspoon honey.
- Coconut oil.
- Herbal remedies.
Do not feed your dog anything without prior consent from your veterinarian.
The dog has a sore throat just like ours, but the fact is, they don’t know how to tell us. We must look for signs and symptoms just like a child.