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How to tell if a dog has pain

How to relieve your dog’s pain at home?

Unfortunately, at home it is extremely difficult to relieve a dog’s pain (and not harm it). Nevertheless, to some extent, you can alleviate the pet’s condition.

  • Apply ice to the injury or massage with ice cubes. It is better to use frozen chlorhexidine rather than tap water.
  • Consult a veterinarian by phone, whether you can use pain relievers and which one.

And it is imperative to urgently take the pet to the veterinary clinic to be examined by a specialist!

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There are diseases that cannot be cured (and relieved of the dog’s pain) at home on their own.

How to tell if your dog is in pain?

There are symptoms that can help you know if your dog is in pain:

  • Rapid breathing.
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Anxiety.
  • The dog cannot sleep or is constantly waking up.
  • The dog eats poorly or refuses to eat.
  • Difficulty changing positions (for example, having difficulty getting up or lying down).
  • Lameness, unwillingness to move.
  • Lethargy.
  • Apathy.
  • The dog adopts a strange posture (for example, hunched over).
  • Changes in the dog’s behavior, even minor ones (such as irritability or sadness).

All this is a reason to be wary. And if you notice one or more of these signs in your dog, see your veterinarian as soon as possible.!

Pain in dogs

Ekaterina Kastritskaya, psychologist, animal therapy specialist, animal behavior and welfare consultant

A dog, cat or other animal, unfortunately, cannot tell us when something hurts, but it is extremely important to know about it in order to help the pet in time and effectively. How to tell if your dog is in pain and how to help it?

Myths about pain in dogs

Unfortunately, a significant proportion of dog lovers have myths about whether and how dogs experience pain. These myths have long been disproved by science, but like all unscientific beliefs, they are extremely tenacious. What are these myths?

  • This breed (Pit Bull, Rottweiler,…. substitute what you want) has a low pain threshold. The painful breed as such does not exist in principle. There is an antinociception system. Antinocicepsy is the body’s mechanisms that allow itself to anesthetize itself, and without these mechanisms, any pain would cause a serious condition. This system is really differently developed in different representatives within the same species and differs even during the life of one individual. For example, in two people it can be developed differently, and in children, on average, it is better than in older people. And there are dogs that will not experience severe pain for a short period of time when there is some serious stress factor. But after this stress factor is over (for example, after a fight), the dog will have severe pain syndrome, and they need pain relief as much as everyone else.
  • Nothing hurts dogs. However, dogs have more nerve endings in some areas of the body than humans. Accordingly, with injuries to these areas (for example, the muzzle), the dog experiences more severe pain than, for example, a person with injuries to the face.
  • The dog will tolerate, it’s just a dog. People who hold this point of view are better off not approaching animals at all.
  • The leg will heal better if the dog does not step on it. which means that pain relievers are not needed for the dog to take care of the leg itself. This is often said after fractures. But, for example, veterinarian Tatyana Krasnova, speaking at the Pet’s Behavior-2018 conference, cited research results that say that after the operation (osteosynthesis), the functions should be preserved in full immediately after the operation (albeit with the use of painkillers). That is, the dog can fully move. And if the veterinarian says that the dog should not step on his foot. did he correctly operate on it? Indeed, in the case when the dog does not step on its leg, it develops a contracture and a number of physiotherapy procedures will be needed to develop the leg later.

What is pain and why is it important to relieve an animal’s pain?

Pain is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience associated with an existing or potential trauma.

If the pain is acute, you can almost always eliminate the cause and thus relieve the dog of the pain. Acute pain must be stopped in the first 12 to 24 hours.

If the pain is chronic, it is about maintaining an acceptable quality of life for the dog, because chronic pain reduces the quality of life. Various methods of treatment are used here, both medication and non-medication.

Why is pain relief important for dogs? The fact is that, in addition to the negative effect of the disease on the dog’s body, pain aggravates the condition of the animal.

Of course, first of all, this all concerns very strong or prolonged and debilitating pain.

That is, pain is not just some “inconvenience”. Pain is the cause of major physiological changes that will make your dog recover much more slowly (if at all). And correct pain relief at the acute stage prevents the development of a syndrome called “chronic pain”.

How an owner can harm a dog?

If you treat your dog on your own, you can, unwittingly, seriously harm the pet. The main mistakes of owners when trying to relieve pain of a dog on their own:

  • Give “human” medicines. Many medicines that help humans are deadly for dogs!
  • Give drugs that your veterinarian prescribed earlier in the illness or for other conditions when new symptoms appear.
  • Don’t seek veterinarian help when your dog is in pain.

How a dog perceives pain

In veterinary practice, diseases of the digestive tract, which can be congenital and acquired, are not uncommon. Dogs, like humans, can have sudden stomach aches. The pet may be disturbed by intestinal colic, excruciating pain in the stomach and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, dogs are very patient animals and in most cases they tolerate acute pain without showing any kind.

Important! If the dog is in pain, it can behave as if nothing had happened for a long period of time. The dog responds adequately to external stimuli, asks for food, favorite treats, willingly goes for a walk, plays.

The dog shows anxiety only when the pain becomes really unbearable. Therefore, the owners notice that something is wrong with the dog, only for clinical signs characteristic of a particular pathology, and they bring animals to the veterinary clinic, when the disease has passed into a subacute, chronic stage, the pathology has reached an extreme degree. And this, in turn, will entail long-term complex treatment.

Therefore, dog breeders should carefully monitor the condition and behavior of the pet and, in the event of the first signs of malaise, contact the veterinarian, where the animal will be provided with qualified assistance after the diagnosis or call the veterinarian at home. In critical cases, every hour of delay can cost the beloved dog’s life.

Abdominal pain habits and behavior

The pain can be acute, dull, aching, periodic, regardless of the focus of its localization. As soon as the painful sensations become unbearable, the dog begins to whine, howl, shows anxiety. Prolonged pain syndrome provokes serious disorders and changes in the body, which significantly complicate further treatment.

It is possible to understand that a pet has a tummy ache only by the changed behavior, habits of the pet.

  • decreased activity, lethargy, drowsiness;
  • weak reaction to stimuli;
  • increased thirst;
  • unstable stools;
  • nausea, vomiting after ingestion or in between meals, if the appetite is preserved;
  • pain in the anus;
  • flatulence;
  • arrhythmia, shortness of breath;
  • discoloration of the mucous membranes;
  • salivation;
  • tight, enlarged belly;
  • lack of appetite, refusal of treats.

Important! Clinical signs, the intensity of their manifestation depends on the localization of the painful focus, the root cause, age, general condition of the body, individual, physiological characteristics. The spasms recur periodically at regular intervals.

On palpation of the tummy, the dog experiences severe acute pain. The dog constantly looks at the stomach, does not allow touching the abdomen and at the slightest touch begins to whine. The dog reacts poorly to stimuli, does not follow commands, reluctantly goes for a walk, refuses active games. An affectionate, balanced pet can show unreasonable aggression towards the owner, family members, animals. If the dog growls, experiences unreasonable fear, panic, mood changes abruptly and often, the animal may be suffering from severe pain in the gastrointestinal tract.

If a dog has a stomach or stomach ache, the dog can limp, assumes unnatural postures, hunches over, lifts the back of the body, freezes while walking, whines, squeals when making sudden movements. Possible fever, fever, muscle cramps. With severe pain, the dog is huddled in a dark, secluded place, lies down on a cold surface, often changes its location, shows anxiety, whines plaintively.

Problems in the digestive tract are signaled by diarrhea, alternating with constipation, painful bowel movements, an unpleasant putrid odor from the mouth, icteric, anemic mucous membranes. Feces, vomit may contain mucus, blood, particles of undigested food.

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Causes of pain in the gastrointestinal tract

Why does a dog have a stomach ache? What causes digestive problems? Many dog ​​owners are looking for answers to these questions on the forums. Therefore, we will understand the main causes of pain in the gastrointestinal tract in our smaller brothers.

Among the reasons that disrupt digestion, provoke pain in the stomach, intestines can be noted:

  • poisoning with chemicals, stale food;
  • feeding the pet with low-quality feed;
  • violation of the regime, power supply system;
  • a sharp change in diet;
  • helminthic invasions;
  • congenital, acquired pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (pancreatitis, gastritis, gastroenteritis);
  • viral, bacterial diseases (plague, enteritis, hepatitis);
  • injuries of the peritoneum, which are accompanied by bleeding, damage to internal organs;
  • foreign objects, tumors in the gastrointestinal tract;
  • inflammation of the paraanal glands;
  • intestinal infections.

Periodic acute pain in the abdomen causes inflammation in the organs of the genitourinary tract, cystitis, pyometra, kidney stones. Legumes, some cereals (barley) are also the cause of increased gas production, intestinal colic.

How to relieve acute pain syndrome

If it is not possible to bring the dog to the clinic, consult with your veterinarian regarding the choice of analgesic. Give the dog No-shpu, another analgesic for pain relief.

In case of poisoning, activated charcoal, decoctions of medicinal plants (chamomile, yarrow, nettle, plantain), Enterosgel, Smecta help. Owners must strictly follow medical recommendations, monitor the condition of their beloved pet.

How to understand that a dog has a stomach ache: signs, symptoms

A dog is not only a devoted friend who gives us his love, loyalty, affection, positive, but also great responsibility. If you decide to have a pet, remember that from the moment the puppy appears in the house until the last days, the life and health of the dog is in your hands.

Our smaller brothers do not know how to talk. They cannot ask us for food when they are hungry or tell us that something is hurting them. But if you carefully observe your pet, socialize the dog correctly, learn to understand the dog’s language, you can easily find out, not only what your pet wants to convey, but also how your faithful friend feels. After reading this article, you will learn how to tell if your dog has a stomach ache.


To reduce the risk of developing stomach, intestinal pain, the dog’s diet should be varied, balanced, nutritious. The dog should receive quality food, only fresh food. There should always be clean drinking water in the bowl.

Do not neglect preventive deworming, immunization, since parasites, viruses, bacteria, the simplest often provoke pain in the gastrointestinal tract.

How to understand that a dog has a stomach ache: obvious and hidden signs

How do you know if a dog has a stomach ache and what is causing the discomfort? If our pets could talk, this question would not arise. Many owners determine too late that their pet is suffering, allowing the disease to develop to a serious stage. Let’s look at the signs of abdominal pain in a dog.

Stomach hurts. a loose concept

Abdominal pain refers to an uncomfortable sensation in the abdominal cavity. Abdominal pain, may indicate a number of serious ailments or a slight deterioration in well-being, it all depends on the secondary symptoms and causes. In order not to confuse the concepts, under abdominal pain, we will consider discomfort associated with the stomach, intestines or digestive problems.

Symptoms by which you can identify abdominal pain are rather vague:

  • Abdominal wall tension.
  • Feeling pain on palpation of the abdominal wall. you can understand that the dog is in pain if it licks its face, squints its eyes, holds its breath, whines or howls. Be careful because your dog may unintentionally bite you during pain.
  • Quite often, digestive problems. constipation, diarrhea, vomiting.
  • The dog’s desire to hide in a dark and inaccessible place.
  • Apathy and poor appetite.
  • The desire to avoid stress and sudden movements. the dog lies a lot, does not allow touching the place that hurts, does not enjoy walks.

If your dog is suffering from constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, or nausea, he will most likely refuse food. Diarrhea is expressed by frequent bowel movements, but constipation is more difficult to identify. While walking, you may notice that the dog adopts a bowel movement posture, but the end result is never achieved. If, instead of feces, thick transparent mucus is released from the anus, this can be both false diarrhea and the first sign of constipation.

Abdominal pain can vary in nature:

  • Acute. characteristic of stomach ulcers, colitis and similar ailments.
  • Cutting. characteristic of prolonged diarrhea, occurs due to severe irritation of the mucous membranes.
  • Dull or aching is not a very obvious discomfort that torments the dog for a long time and intensifies with the progression of the condition. It is this type of pain that is characteristic of the development of constipation or diarrhea. A aching sensation of pain is also characterized by a condition such as heartburn.

Diagnosis should be done by a veterinarian!

If your pet has a stomach ache and it is not possible to take him to the doctor right away, you can try to alleviate the condition a little.

How to help your pet?

First aid for abdominal pain in a dog has a completely understandable goal. you need to alleviate the condition and not harm. The following methods will help ease pain and reduce irritation of the mucous membranes, which always occurs against the background of a malfunction of the digestive system.

Hungry diet. an adult dog is kept on a starvation diet for up to 24 hours, a puppy for up to 12 hours. A starving diet will not be a problem, as a dog that is not feeling well will most often refuse food on its own. Against the background of severe irritation of the digestive system, more precisely, of the mucous membranes, food is not fully absorbed, but only scratches the intestinal walls.

Advice: if the dog is constipated while on a hungry diet, he should be given a little flaxseed oil or a laxative drug.

Drinking plenty of warm drinks. any kind of disorder in the digestive system leads to dehydration. It is important to provide the pet with warm drink in unlimited quantities. If the dog persistently refuses water, this is a very alarming sign and it is impossible to hesitate to contact the veterinarian.

Diet food. if after a day of starvation diet of the dog it becomes easier it can be transferred to diet food. To feed your pet, you need to choose foods that are maximally absorbed by the body: cottage cheese, yogurt, fermented baked milk, low-fat broth, a small amount of boiled chopped meat.

Fractional food. a few days after the starvation diet, the dog needs to be fed often, but little by little. For an adult pet, the daily food intake is divided into 4-5 servings. If the dog does not finish the offered portion, the bowl should be removed and washed. Under no circumstances insist that the dog eat or finish the food offered.

Observation. Be sure to monitor your dog’s baseline body temperature. An increase in temperature may indicate the development of a viral or infectious process. A decrease in baseline body temperature indicates a breakdown, which may be triggered by hunger or intoxication.

Comfort. Make sure your pet’s bed is soft and comfortable. While your dog is feeling unwell, it is important to control the temperature and humidity in the room as heat and dry air can worsen the condition. It is very common to find advice that warming helps with abdominal pain, but this method can be both useful and dangerous.

If the pain in the abdominal cavity is associated with inflammation, the formation of pus, the development of ulcers or other damage, additional heating of the painful areas will only harm.

A heating pad can really help if your dog is suffering from indigestion or constipation but has not yet developed into acute diarrhea.

Before the arrival of the veterinarian or visiting the veterinary clinic, you can use medications with minimal risk of side effects. These drugs include Smecta, Enterosgel, activated carbon and other sorbing agents with an enveloping effect.

The medicine should be used in accordance with the instructions or in a clear ratio to the weight of the dog. Please note that sorbents remove all toxins from the intestines and cannot be used in combination with other medicines. Simply put, if you give your dog activated charcoal (sorbent) and medication, you will significantly reduce the effectiveness of the latter.

External signs

Most dental ailments can be detected visually. The breath almost always takes on a putrid or sweetish purulent odor.

Pets suffer from complete Spectra dental diseases and ailments affecting the gums. According to generally accepted rules for keeping pets, the pet’s mouth should be examined at least once every three days. You need to pay attention to the condition of the enamel, its whiteness and integrity. Many owners believe that dogs do not suffer from tooth decay, but this statement is far from the truth. If you notice dark spots on your dog’s teeth, it is best to contact your veterinarian right away, since restoration of the tooth is possible at this stage.

Toothache in a dog may be indicated by increased salivation and constant chewing of the mouth. When a dog has a toothache, pathogenic bacteria actively multiply in the mouth, leading to gum disease. In an attempt to protect the surfaces of the mucous membranes, the salivary glands secrete more saliva, which makes the dog feel uncomfortable (similar to nausea).

Important! Diseased teeth may appear yellowish or brown. Over time, a diseased tooth decays to the base and turns black. By the time the infection reaches the canals, the dog will already be in pain.

A neglected infection, accompanied by the constant multiplication of pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity, sooner or later leads to damage to the gums. The first signs of periodontal disease or similar diseases are a reddish discoloration of the mucous membranes, swelling and bleeding.

The problem is that even the obvious bleeding of the gums in a dog is hard to notice. When the dog eats, it produces a lot of saliva and the blood oozing from the gums is simply washed off. Bleeding gums can be identified by marks on toys or dried blood particles on the lips after sleep.

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How to understand that a dog has a toothache: signs, symptoms

Can you tell if a dog has a toothache without going to the vet? Of course, a doctor’s examination is a reliable method, but sometimes dogs suffer from hidden pathologies, which can only be determined by long-term observation.

Behavioral signs

If you have ever had a toothache, you are unlikely to be able to sleep peacefully, suspecting that your pet is experiencing similar discomfort. Usually, the owner’s concerns are related to changes in the behavior of the ward. For toothache, there are some behavioral signs that can help your dog reduce discomfort.

With any physical ailment, the dog becomes lethargic. Against the background of severe pain, you may notice increased irritability, which “splash out” on family members or other pets. Toothache is long lasting and may worsen under certain circumstances.

Important! Cold makes toothache worse and worse. If you notice that your pet is trying to warm up, climb on upholstered furniture and is apathetic, you should look into its mouth.

Toothache accompanies the life of wild dogs almost constantly. Since no one monitors the health of wild and homeless animals, at about the age of 2-3 years, tetrapods begin to have dental problems. As strange as it sounds, the dog adapts to living with this pain. A pet can also hide a toothache for a long time, which leads to a worsening of the health situation.

Note! A toothache rarely causes a dog to give up food or water altogether. If your pet has stopped eating, it is best to see a doctor, as the probable problems can be very serious.

  • When a dog has a toothache, it continues to eat, but tries not to chew it.
  • The pet, as it were, scoops up food with its lower jaw and immediately swallows.
  • Toothache may be indicated by chewing food on only one side of the jaw. On walks and during games, the pet refuses to handle the toy, stops “brushing its teeth”, using sticks.

In the case of pulpitis, a purulent inflammation of the canals of the teeth that affects the dental nerves, the dog will most likely refuse to eat. Pain with pulpitis worsens until the pus accumulated in the channels finds a way out.

  • If the tooth is already destroyed, the canals will break out and pus will come out into the mouth. this is a “favorable” outcome.
  • If the tooth is not destroyed, and the gums are dense, pus will go deep into the gums and jaw. After spilling pus, the surrounding tissues will be damaged, which is called phlegmon.

Of course, it is better not to wait for one or the other outcome, but to see a doctor. Not all clinics and veterinarians deal with dental problems in dogs. Problems with teeth and gums are solved by narrow-profile veterinarians-dentists. If there are no veterinary clinics in your locality that provide dental care, it is better to remove the diseased tooth. The tooth will sooner or later start to ache, but the longer it stays in the oral cavity, the more numerous the colonies of pathogenic bacteria will become.

Prevention of dental ailments in dogs

In most cases, dental calculus leads to the development of toothache and gum problems. A seemingly harmless problem is fraught with thinning of tooth enamel and the development of pathogenic flora in the oral cavity of dogs.

The tartar problem is a combination of a number of factors that are not always obvious:

  • Proper nutrition.
  • Vitamin content of the diet.
  • Regular checkups of the mouth.
  • Teeth cleaning.
  • Preventive measures for age.

A dog, regardless of age and breed, should receive both soft and hard food.

  • Only solid food, such as dry food, leads to faster abrasion of the enamel.
  • Only soft food does not give the necessary load when chewing and leads to tooth decay from the inside.

It turns out that for the sake of the health of the dog’s teeth, it is necessary to find a balance. Like humans, our pets need a wide range of vitamins and minerals for the full formation and regeneration of tissues. It is known that teeth are destroyed by a lack of calcium, but this is a cursory look at the problem. Calcium cannot be absorbed by the body without magnesium, phosphorus and vitamin C. That is, deliberate feeding of the dog with calcium supplements is unlikely to lead to stronger teeth, but it can create kidney problems.

Care should always be taken with mineral supplements, as excess salts are deposited in the kidneys and genitourinary system. Urolithiasis develops in most adult dogs whose diet is not balanced. According to generally accepted rules, the dog’s food cannot be salted, since long-term observations have led to the conclusion that table salt leads not only to the development of urolithiasis, but also worsens the health of the dog as a whole.

Even with perfectly matched feeding and regular vitamin courses, with age, the dog forms tartar. You can get rid of it in different ways. For example, prophylactic teeth cleaning, to which the dog needs to be taught from childhood, allows you to get rid of fresh plaque, which is converted into stone.

On walks, you may notice that the dog chews on sticks diligently, this is one way to brush your teeth. At home, you can offer your pet rubber toys or special treats for brushing your teeth. If the tartar has already acquired a chronic character, it is better to consult a doctor and remove it with ultrasound.

Important! Some treats for the prevention of tartar contain technical hydrogen peroxide! Read the ingredients carefully to make sure they are safe.

Common Causes of Stomach Pain in Dogs

Usually, a dog’s abdominal pain is caused by worms, obstruction, or gas:

  • Worms live in a dog’s intestines and are often found in puppies. To get rid of parasites, you need to give your dog the medication prescribed by your veterinarian.
  • An obstruction is a stagnation of feces in a dog’s intestines. The cause of obstruction is often the presence of cooked bones in the diet.
  • Gas production can also cause stomach pain.

Causes of pain

The nature of pain and localization depends on what specifically worries the animal. Pain caused by malignant tumors, problems with the liver, stomach, intestines and intestinal obstruction.

Worms are a common problem in young dogs. They are turned on by food that has not been cooked, raw meat, dirty dishes.

If a puppy picks up food on the street, it also becomes the cause of parasites.


  • Upset stomach due to dietary changes, street food, or overeating.
  • The presence of intestinal parasites, especially worms, in young dogs.
  • Obstruction of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines.
  • Infection.
  • Poisoning.

Most dog breeders will tell you that a hungry dog ​​will eat anything it can reach, from billiard balls to rotten meat. If cats are extremely picky about food, then dogs absolutely do not care what they eat.

Multiplied by an exorbitant appetite, this feature creates a lot of problems for them.

That is why dogs with a sore belly are a frequent visitor to the veterinarian. It is not difficult to establish that a dog has a stomach ache. Harder to find the cause.

The first step is to carefully examine the dog’s belly for painful areas.

Veterinarian examination

Dogs with abdominal pain require a comprehensive examination. If a simple disorder goes away on its own in a few days, then in difficult cases, treatment may be required.

How to tell if a dog really has a stomach ache?

Dogs, especially purebred dogs, have a very delicate digestive system. It is not surprising that if the diet is violated, the owner of the animal may be faced with the fact that the dog has a stomach ache.

What to do if your puppy gets sick?

  • If the puppy is sick, and his appearance and behavior is of concern to the owner, urgently contact the nearest veterinary clinic.
  • Typically, your veterinarian will begin the examination with palpation to determine where the pain is, or if there is an obstruction or swelling. If swelling or swelling is found, the animal will need an x-ray.
  • Also, the doctor must conduct a thorough bacterial analysis of the puppy’s feces for helminths in order to establish the exact cause of the illness.
  • In addition, the analysis reveals hidden bacteria that are harmful to the health of the dog. After establishing the cause, the veterinarian prescribes treatment, vaccinates. Remember, if the puppy gets worse over time, you cannot self-medicate, this only prolongs the problem!

Palpation of the abdominal cavity

  • The abdominal cavity refers to the area of ​​the stomach, intestines and a number of vital organs, including the kidneys and liver. By palpation, the veterinarian can detect painful areas, swelling and obstruction.
  • If the veterinarian discovers something strange or unusual, additional testing is needed, possibly an x-ray.


At the same time they belong to the category of “false” colic, but at the same time they are considered one of the most severe and dangerous varieties. Renal colic occurs against the background of the formation of stones both in the kidneys themselves and in the ureters, bladder, as well as when small stones and sand get into the lumen of the urethra.

Colic of this type is characterized by attacks of unbearable, unbearable pain (according to the experience of people who have undergone them). Dogs have a bad time, animals with a sensitive nervous system can die from pain shock.

In addition, uremia often develops at the same time (urine components enter the bloodstream).


This type belongs to the category of true ones. Usually, stomach cramps in dogs are not very common and, for the most part, are mistaken for the intestinal variety. In addition, all true colic very often develops against the background of gastroenterocolitis, which often makes it impossible to draw clear boundaries between them.

How can I tell if my dog’s in pain?

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A purely gastric type is more typical for poisoning, drinking cold water by a dog immediately after training or after a long walk, sometimes dogs suffer from this pathology, whose owners either overfeed their pets with voluminous and useless food for animals (potatoes, a lot of cereals, etc.). or vice versa, they give them too much protein food (feeding only meat to dogs is also extremely contraindicated).


Intestinal colic is one of the most dangerous. And it’s not even about pain or spasms. This group of pathologies often leads to peritonitis, and it is often fatal even with a timely visit to the veterinarian.

How To Tell If Your Dog Is In Pain (21 secret signs of pain in dogs)

The most dangerous are ileus (various pathologies leading to intestinal obstruction) and thromboembolism of the mesenteric veins (i.e., blockage of the mesenteric veins). In the first case, the intestines can be mechanically torn, in the second, they begin to rot due to lack of nutrition (and also subsequently torn). All this is accompanied by terrible pains and spasms.


When palpating the abdomen, the dog will feel uncomfortable.

  • Lack of appetite and weight loss. If the dog refuses to eat for no apparent reason and does not even react when the owner offers him his favorite treat, then this may be the first signal that he has problems with digestion.
  • The pet has become lethargic and lethargic. The animal goes for a walk with the owner without much enthusiasm and does not show interest in a cat running by, or does not want to play with a favorite ball.
  • Evidence that the doggie got sick may be the sign that he suddenly began to feel fear of people and is afraid to go out in general. At the same time, the dog is looking for a secluded place in the house and tries to hide from everyone in it.
  • Sudden aggression towards the owner is also a symptom of the dog’s health problems. If a friendly and affectionate pet does not allow the owner to approach him and even tries to bite him, then perhaps he is suffering from stomach pain and this is what caused his irritability and aggressive behavior.
  • The owner should also pay close attention to the four-fingered friend’s chair. Constipation or diarrhea can signal gastrointestinal problems.
  • Vomiting after every meal can also be a sign of a digestive system disorder. At the same time, an unpleasant and putrid odor from the pet’s mouth often appears.
  • The dog’s gait changes. He walks hunched over, lifting the back of his body and whining at the same time.

Lack of appetite is one of the symptoms of abdominal pain.

It is possible to determine that the dog is suffering from abdominal pain by palpation. If your pet’s belly is swollen and hard to the touch and every time it touches this part of the body, it flinches in pain, then it should be immediately shown to the veterinarian.

How to tell if your pet has a stomach ache?

There are a number of signs that you can recognize pet pain syndrome. Among those:

  • Great anxiety. The pet can howl, whine, shake, and cannot find a place for itself. Often, an animal hides in remote places of an apartment or house so that the owner cannot find it. It can also assume unnatural postures, often roll over, make unnatural sounds.
  • Decreased activity. Even a playful dog with stomach pains will refuse games, long walks, training.
  • Change in gait. A sick dog may limp, squat to reduce discomfort during movement.
  • Nausea and vomiting after eating. Symptom may appear even when fed with proven safe food.
  • Stool problems: diarrhea, constipation, bloody spots, mucus in the stool, discoloration.
  • Flatulence, a sharp increase in the size of the peritoneum. At the same time, the stomach itself becomes dense, taut, it hums.
  • Intense thirst. It appears even in the cold season.
  • Weakening of reaction to external stimuli, drowsiness.
  • Arrhythmia. The pet may experience rapid breathing even with minimal physical activity.
  • Painful sensations in the anus. The dog may try to bite the area under the tail all the time, lick it.
  • Increased salivation.
  • Discoloration of the mucous membranes. They may turn cyanotic.
  • The appearance of spasms. They occur at regular intervals and alternate with periods of calm.
  • Lack of appetite. With severe pain, the pet may refuse even those treats that are usually very willing to eat.

The intensity of these symptoms depends on the type of pathology that the pet suffers from. If he has minor health problems (for example, bloating is observed against the background of eating poor-quality food), signs of pathology will be poorly expressed. In severe disorders, the formation of tumors, perforation of internal organs, the dog may experience severe pain, it will not allow the owner to touch itself. She may have a sharp rise in temperature, fever symptoms.

The causes of colic and why the dog does not allow you to touch the belly

In fact, specialists in such situations do not always start by establishing the cause of the symptom. The fact is that in many situations it is much more important to relieve the pain first. It is worth mentioning that in some situations the cause of the spasms is not established at all (when they are weak). In this case, most likely, the reason for their appearance was not serious. For example, the body of an animal could react in a similar way to a glass of cold water, in which there were no additives.

Also worth mentioning is hunger, which should never be brought to a pet. No, due to hunger, cramps most likely will not start, but they can appear from a sharp and fast intake of food. The dog will not eat in small portions and slowly, because if it wants to eat, it will quickly absorb even ordinary dry food, and in large quantities. It can backfire.

It is also worth noting volvulus, which is very typical for dogs, because it is quite easy to earn. In most cases, it can develop even due to the reasons that have just been given. For this reason, for the safety of the dog, you should carefully monitor its entire diet: independently control the portion size, make sure that it does not eat grass in large quantities (this is a natural process, you should definitely not scold the dog for this).

An important rule, which will definitely help to prevent the possibility of volvulus, is that meals should be distributed in a day so that after them the dog can rest and do the same in front of them. In no case should you go for a walk at this time. Otherwise, the most serious health problems for the dog will definitely be provided.

Also, do not forget about the existence of irritating substances. Practice shows that cases when various poisons or any irritating substances enter the dog’s body are not rare. There are a large number of dog breeders who have lost interest in their pet or simply do not have the opportunity to play with them for a long time. This always leads to the animal looking for a way to have fun on its own. If you have detergents located on the lower shelves, then the chance that the dog will turn them over and swallow a little is quite high.

Fortunately, this problem will definitely not be overlooked. It is urgent to take your pet to the veterinary clinic if you notice this. This is necessary even in situations where the symptoms have not yet begun to appear, because the animal may die, and it would seem that only stomach cramps in the dog have begun! Pay attention to such a disease as catarrhal inflammation of the stomach, it also often affects the intestines. The essence of this disease lies in spastic contractions that occur most often after eating. It is important to show the animal to the veterinarian, because against the background of this problem, a narrowing associated with the pyloric part of the stomach often occurs.

Let us also mention one more option, the essence of which is a possible contraction of the diaphragm (most often spasms occur only in the intestines, less often in the stomach). This ailment is always accompanied by other characteristic symptoms. We are talking about vomiting, which is very pronounced and makes the dog make unusual movements. Also, the problem may lie in simple parasite infestation. Worms in dogs are not uncommon, and the number of roundworms can grow to such that the intestines become seriously damaged.

Comprehensive inspection

To prescribe an effective treatment, the doctor will conduct a comprehensive examination of the dog. In most cases, the veterinarian makes a diagnosis by simply feeling the abdominal cavity of the doggie, because with the help of his fingers, an experienced doctor can detect whether the animal has a tumor or the cause of the pain lies in intestinal obstruction. Based on this examination, the doctor will prescribe the necessary drugs and medications.

But sometimes additional tests, such as x-rays or ultrasound, may be needed. You will also have to donate the pet’s blood, urine and feces for analysis.

Diagnosis requires a blood test of the dog.

Often, pills or intramuscular injections are prescribed to treat abdominal pain and cramps caused by poor diet or mild food poisoning. But in the event that foreign objects are found in the animal in the stomach or the doctor has identified a tumor of the internal organs, surgical intervention will be required.

Important: self-medication will not only not relieve the pet of pain in the abdominal cavity, but it can also cause irreparable harm to the health of the animal. Only a professional doctor should decide on the methods of treatment and the choice of the necessary drugs.